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Published by Mohamad, 2021-04-06 17:56:51

DIGITAL SCRAP BOOK ALISHA

SKSR - JBB0022

PARTICIPANT PROFILE:

NAME: NURUL ALISHA IRDINA BINTI MUSTAFA 1
CLASS: 6 KREATIF
SCHOOL: SK SRI RENGIT
ADDRESS: JALAN JAYA DIRI, 83100 RENGIT, BATU PAHAT, JOHOR.
EMAIL ADDRESS: [email protected]

INTRODUCTION

● The First Minister or Menteri Besar is the title given to the head of government of each state in Malaysia that is ruled by a King.
● There were nine states in Malaysia that being ruled by a King which are Perlis, Johor, Kedah, Perak, Selangor, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang,

Terengganu, and Kelantan.
● Melaka, Pulau Pinang, Sabah and Sarawak are the states with no hereditary ruler. Chief Minister was used as the title for the head of government.
● Title of Menteri Besar was first introduced by the state of Johor.
● Below are list of Johor First Ministers:

NO. NAME NO. NAME
1 Dato' Jaafar bin Haji Muhammad 10 Tan Sri Dato' Hj. Hassan bin Yunus
2 Dato' Mohamed bin Mahbob 11 Tan Sri Othman bin Mohd Saat
3 Dato' Abdullah bin Jaafar 12 Dato' Abdul Ajib bin Ahmad
4 Dato' Mustapha Jaafar 13 Tan Sri Dato' Haji Muhyiddin bin Haji Muhammad Yassin
5 Dato' Abdul Hamid Yusof 14 Tan Sri Dato' Haji Abdul Ghani bin Othman
6 Dato' Ungku Abd Aziz bin Ungku Abd Majid 15 Dato' Sri Haji Mohamed Khaled bin Nordin
7 Dato' Onn bin Jaafar 16 Dato' Osman bin Sapian
8 Dato' Syed Abdul Kadir bin Mohamed 17 Dato' Dr. Sahruddin bin Jamal
9 Dato' Wan Idris bin Wan Ibrahim 18 Dato' Ir. Haji Hasni bin Mohammad

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BIODATA OF FIGURES

Name: Dato’ Jaafar Bin Haji Muhammad, D.K, S.P.M.J, C.M.G
Year of Birth: 1838
Birthplace: Teluk Belanga, Singapura
Lineage: Bendahara Paduka Raja Johor Dan Bendahara Kerajaan Melaka
Date of death: 3rd July 1919
Deathplace: Bukit Senyum

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Memorial Place: Makam Mahmoodiah, Johor Bahru, Johor.

Number of child: 13
Year Appointed As The First Minister
Children Achievement: 1882 – 3rd July 1919

five family members have also been appointed as Johor's Chief Minister :

I) Dato’ Abdullah Bin Jaafar (3rd Chief Minister)
II) Dato’ Mustapha Bin Jaafar (4th Chief Minister)
III) Dato’ Abdul Hamid Bin Yusof (5th Chief Minister)
IV) Ungku Abdul Aziz Bin Ungku Abdul Majid (6th Chief Minister)
V) Dato’ Onn Bin Jaafar (7th Chief Minister)

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His home located in Bukit Senyum, Johor Bahru has been transformed into a museum by Johor's government.
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FIGURE’S EDUCATION

• Dato’ Jaafar Bin Haji Muhammad received his early education at Malay School and Temenggung Ibrahim Telok Belanga College,
Singapore.

• He also studied English at Telok Belanga, Singapore.

Dato’ Jaafar Bin Haji Muhammad’s family

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FIGURE’S CAREER

● At the beginning of his life, he works as a cake hawker while his father Haji Muhammad worked as a weaver to help the family.
● In 1854, at the age of 16, he was accepted to work as a clerk trainee at the Temenggung Ibrahim Office, Telok Belanga, Singapore.
● In 1856, he was appointed as the head clerk in the minister's office.
● Then he was appointed as the Advisor and Secretary of Johor in place of his uncle, Abdullah during the administration of Sultan Abu Bakar

in the 1960s.
● He was appointed to Dato' Bentara which equates to today's First Minister of Johor, and later to Dato Menteri until 1868.
● In 1882, he officially became the First Minister of Johor.
● These appointments are one of Johor's significant history because for the first time, a First Minister was appointed from the administration

of the government.

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● His commitment and achievements during his administration in Johor's government are numerous, such as:

- In 1866, he became an escort. for Emperor Abu Bakar on his first visit to Europe.
- In 1904, he was appointed regent and honored visit of Prince Arthur de Cannaught at Malaya.
- In 1910, with Dato' Seri Amar Diraja, he opposed the English desire to rule Johor.

A portrait picture of Dato’ Jaafar b. Muhammad

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Official flag of the Menteri Besar of Johor Johor Coat of Arms
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FIGURE’S CONTRIBUTION

● His most important duty was to manage and direct the administration of the state with excellence, loyalty, conviction and efficiency.
● He is known for his courage and determination in carrying out his duty as the First Minister, particularly in opposing the attempt of the British

to interfere in Johor administration.
● During his leadership as First Minister, he made a number of changes in Johor's administration.
● In 1868, he established the Johor State Executive Council.
● In 1873, many departments covered the Treasury Department, including the police commissioner.
● He also enforced all the officers serving the Johor state government to put on the state official uniforms, including the British officers.
● The position of the Johor flag must be higher than the Union Jack, the British flag.
● All correspondence in state affairs had to be written in Malay.
● He extremely prioritizes Malay, Islamic and western education.
● He ensured that the administration of the state was clean and effective, in particular to avoid British interference.
● This is proved in the report of the governor of the Straits Settlements, Cecil Smith, who supervised the prison, civil work and departments of

Johor in 1885.
● According to the report, management was handled flawlessly, particularly by Malay officers and clerks.
● He also assisted in resolving the fighting in Pahang and Klang

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HIS LEADERSHIP THAT SHOULD BE EXEMPLIFIED BY THE PRESENT GENERATIONS

● His tenacity in supporting his family until he becomes a success.
● His determination in dignifying knowledge, particularly in reading, literacy and writing so that the people will be able to lead the state

administration effectively.
● His responsibility consists mainly in delaying the British intervention.
● His wisdom in leadership ensures that Johor is constantly at peace and away from the threat of the enemy.
● His conviction and justice while administering the state government.
● An uncompromising patriotism that reflects its leadership and heart that takes care of the people.

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CONCLUSION

● Dato’ Jaafar b. Muhammad is an exceptional figure in Johor leadership.
● He's responsible for modern-day Johor's development.
● He's Johor's reliable leader.
● He's the best of Johor's First Ministers.
● Fit to be the role model for all Malaysians, particularly the citizens of Johor, for his leadership.

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REFERENCES

Harian, S. (2019, April 15). SENARAI MB JOHOR SEJAK 1886. Retrieved April 04, 2021, from
https://www.sinarharian.com.my/article/23606/INFOGRAFIK/Senarai-MB-Johor-sejak-1886

Hirai, A. (2021, January 01). Jaafar Bin Haji Muhammad. Retrieved April 04, 2021, from
https://ms.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jaafar_bin_Haji_Muhammad

Penulis, P. (2020). Kesultanan Islam Johor (Vol. 1, Darjah 6). Johor Bharu, Johor: Jabatan Agama Islam Negeri Johor.
Zamzam, M. I., & Kamil, K. (2012). Johor Gemilang Negeriku (Sempena Ulang Tahun Kemerdekaan ke- 50 ed.). Johor Bharu, Johor:
Yayasan Warisan Johor.

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APPENDIX

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15

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