By Monica Bauer
Table of Contents 11. Bye bye England hello usa
12 . Colonial videos
1. Welcome to the Colonies
2. Visiting the Town 13 .Glossary
3.Home Sweet Home
4.Hard day at Work 14. Bibliography
7. No car zone
8. The working children
Tools that you can use :
1. Press on videos to watch them
2. When you see bolded words , click on them to get brought to the glossary
3. If you have any questions about this topic, just use me so I can talk (
Forever … yes I know!) about why or how things happened or things like
Welcome to the 13 Colonies!
Before the 1600’s Native American tribes have been
building homes and living in what we call now the 13
Colonies.Explorers stated ﬁnding new land which later in
the 1600’s people started coming back to live at the new
land the explorers found. A colony is a place owned by
another country. The 13 colonies in America were owned by
England and ruled by King George. About 400
years ago people from England, Netherlands, Sweden , and
France started coming to America along with other
colonists. Europeans and other colonists came down to
America to seek adventure , to get rich through trade , and
to get religious freedom.
The New york state map in the 1700’s
Visiting the town
Colonial towns had some
features that you wouldn’t expect
nowadays. For instance people
gathered in taverns which were
dinning, meeting, and sleeping
rooms. Towns also included narrow
streets that were unpaved , many
buildings were made from brick ,
and homes and shops were smaller
and closer together. Towns back in
the 16 / 1700’s would be smelly and
old since the colonists threw there
garbage onto the streets. People
also had very few big buildings in a
town. These big buildings were
basically not even homes, but they
were usually meeting houses.
The town #2
You know how the animals like cows, goats, sheep, and ponies live on
farms nowadays? Well you should be thankful for that since these noisy farm
animals used to live in houses! ( Yes that people lived in)! The reason for this
is there were no barns and farmers were worried these animals would
munch on the crops.
Home sweet home
When Colonist started coming to America, there were already small villages with big
homes that were owned by the American Indians. These homes were called longhouses and
wigwams . Longs houses were big homes that up to 60 people could live in! Wigwams though
were smaller homes but were still good homes for families to live in. Colonists started
making homes as well but weren’t as good as American Indian homes. For instance, Colonist
wigwams were poorly made unlike American Indian wigwams. Colonist wigwams didn’t have
much protection since the homes weren’t warm or waterproof. Some Colonists even made
cellars as homes! They were damp , dark ,dirty and the thatched roofs often leaked when it
rained which left the Colonists wet. The poor house design also made it quite easy for bugs ,
and animals to get inside.
Starting in the 1700’s though, Colonists started making houses out of brick, logs or
stones. Though these homes were more sheltered than the wigwams and cellars colonists
made, the walls of these homes were thin and had many tiny cracks in them. There was also
a tiny door that people would enter and exit the house from. The homes were also dark
since there were no windows. Even though there were ﬁreplaces to provide people heat in
the cold homes, the heat wouldn’t spread to far so if you were cold , you’d have to be as
close as you can to the ﬁreplace without getting hurt.
Home sweet home
Hard day at work
Expectations on weekends in colonial time : Waking up to a nice day at 11
am , 30 mins later you eat your breakfast and then change to go to your
friends house ,playing all day with them . Reality on weekends in colonial
time: “ HUNNY! GET UP! Mom yells at you , “ YOU HAVE WORK AT 7:30 am! It's
already 6…. SO GET YOUR LAZY BUTT OUTTA BED”!!! You : “ NOOOOOOOOO!!!
“Ya so ummm… thats kinda
cruel of the Mom…” you are probably thinking or saying. Well really it wasn’t
cruel during colonial times.Everybody had to get up and work from dusk to
dawn ( yes, even kids) ! Womens work
colonial women were basically chores that we have today , except they didn’t
have it easy. Women made candles as lights , did the laundry , took care of
children to young for school, knitted and mended clothing, prepped and
made the food. Doing laundry was very complex since women had to make
soap before taking care of the clothes. First , women and girls soaked ashes
in water to make lye. Then , they puriﬁed the smell by cooking fat by boiling
over an outdoor ﬁre. When the woman poured the lye into the boiled fat, the
mixture started to get chunky and made soap.
Hard day at work #2
Men and boys worked long and tiring hours outside they’re
homes. Men did most of the farming but whatever the job they
always ended up sweaty and dirty. Farmers made more room
for new crops to grow, planted crops, cut trees, and built the
homes in the colonies.
Men also worked at many diﬀerent
trades. Millers grinded grain to make ﬂower. Carpenters were
the people that built homes , farms , meeting houses, and other
buildings that would be in a colonial town. Blacksmiths were the
people that worked with metal. Blacksmiths would turn metal
into tools for farming, pots, bowls, and other cooking utensils.
Men also made baskets, cabinets, shoes, ﬁreplaces, and many
↗A man at his job
Good morrow fellow townsfolk! I’m Alice ,how do you fare ? Today I will be talking
about clothing in Colonial times! You could tell what a colonist was doing by how
they dressed, for instance if colonist dressed fancy they would usually be going to
church or a party.
Women’s work clothes vs mens work clothes.
My mother ,sister, and I wear very similar clothes though
mine are a bit smaller of course. My Father and brother on the other hand have
very diﬀerent clothing. First of all, us girls have to wear stays so we would always
have good posture. Though the stays make us have good posture, they make it hard
to bend over to do our chores in. Worst of all, they hurt!!! Boys and men don’t have
to wear stays though… Father and brother get all the luck!!! Anyways, Girls also wear
skirts with shirts or dresses to work in, though they weren’t anything fancy. The
dresses usually had striped sleeves that were stretchy , aprons, fabric collars, and
buttons. The items you would wear with these dresses would be light comfy shoes ,
and cloth hats. Boys would also have light comfy shoes ,striped sleeves, cloth collars,
and buttons but men and boys wear stockings, and straw hats instead of dresses
for work clothes.
Womens fancy clothes VS Mens fancy clothes
Womens fancy clothes still have collars, buttons, and hats
like me and mother but the material , style and look, same with
Mens clothes! Womens fancy clothes are made of velvet and
very expensive cloth. Men fancy clothes are made of expensive
cloth, and animal furs/ animal skins.Womens fancy clothes
include cloth or velvet hats, ruﬄey or puﬀy skirts that are long ,
stays , fancy CLEAN aprons , and silky shoes.Men on the other
hand had fancy jackets made of velvet, ruﬄey shirts ,stalkings,
and beaver skin shoes. Both outﬁts though have long sleeves ,
hats, buttons, and ﬂuﬀy collars. I would love to stay
to chat more but I must keep my nose to the grindstone to help
mother prepare dinner before I hit the hay so I wouldn’t have to
face the music for not helping. Good day!
What clothing looked like :
Like I said early on, colonial women
would prep the food and cook it as
a job , but was it simple? No.
Colonist had to get a lot done so
making meals didn’t take more than
probably 30 minutes to make due to
the colonist day. Even today, if we
used things colonist used to cook
with, we would take possibly 2 to 3
hours to make things.
Men and young boys start to
make food by growing crops then
cutting them down for women to
cook. Men also shot animals to
make meals have meat in them to.
The men would also cut oﬀ the
animal skin and fur on the animals
so it would be more easy for the women to prep and cook the meat.
Men would hand oﬀ the crops and raw meat to the women so the women can cut
crops to make them small and able to ﬁt into meals and to prep the raw meat by
using their hands. Step 3
Women start to cook the meat and vegetables that they prepped. Usually
Women cook outside since there is more room to make meals especially if
both the mothers and children were cooking things.
Before the food is ready, girls make food seasonings and butter.To
do this, girls had barrels that had poles with little paddles at the end. The girls
pored heavy cream into the barrels and started to move the pole and moved it in
circles and up and down until they get a thick consistency of butter.
When the food was done women would season the food and then…
No Car zone
Colonial times : Walking, riding horses , sail across the sea in boats made of
wood. Today : Riding in swag lamborghinis , riding bikes, skateboard , roller
skating , walk, taking an airplane , riding on a yacht, taking a train… and
much more ( Look I am tired and I have to get to my point already) !!!
As you can see from my very ( and I mean very!) busy paragraph
up there that colonist got less of an option of transportation unlike today.
Though we have very diﬀerent ways of transportation we still have some of
the same transportation that they had back then today such as walking.
Anyways , you know how American indians lived in the same areas as
colonist? Well , the actually had diﬀerences of how they got around!
( Go to next page to see how colonist and american indians got round!)
No car zone Colonist
American indians ● Made dirts roads or dirt
paths to walk on
● Traveled across water with
canoes ● Rode horses
● Rode wagon wheels by a
● Hauled items with toboggans
● When winter came , they used horse pulling you along
● Walked most of the time
● Made trails in woods to hike
● Road horses
Fast fact : Healthy colonist could walk
on a trail and do 40 miles in only 10
The working children
You know how women made the clothes ? Well it wasn’t just the
grown women, it was little girls to ! The girls learned how to make
clothing by their mothers or big sisters. Even though girls made
clothes, they usually just made the designs on cloth. The designs
were called embroideries . They would take a needle and thread ,
and the girls would push the needle in and out of the cloth. After
repeating this pattern, the girls would end up with a cool design
like a ﬂower or letters and numbers. Girls were also the people
that churned butter, became housewives , made soap, made
candles, and prepped food!
When boys turn 4 , they do many of the same chores that
girls do, like knit. Boys also picked berries , scared birds away from
crops, and gathered eggs. Older boys tough did tons of work
outdoors since they had shoes to work in.These boys mostly
hunted, went ﬁshing,plowed ﬁelds, and picked crops.
Of course we have to go to school for education no matter if it’s homeschool or
public school we all learn. It was even the same in colonial days !
All Colonial kids had to participate in school. Some children stayed home and
had their parents teach them , or had a teacher come into their home to teach the
kids. Others went to a public school with one main room where kids of many ages
went to. The children used Writing slates and horn books for lessons such as
reading and writing . Children also used ink and feather to write like we do today
except we use pens or pencils .
Go to next slide to see Colonial schools
and schools today !!!
Colonial schools VS Schools today
● Children used writing slates ● Children use white boards to
to write on show their answers and
● Horn books were used for kid
to recognize numbers , letters ● Alphabet walls are used to
, and diﬀerent sounds the teach kids letters and words
letters made that kids might have trouble
● Schools were made of logs,
that only had one room ● Schools have many rooms ,
some are classrooms , and
● Kids of all diﬀerent ages some are rooms that you
learned in the same room at can go in with a speech ,
once writing, or reading teacher
● Ink and feathers were used ● Pencils are used to write
to write down information with
● The teacher's desk was tall , ● The teacher’s desk usually
skinny and it was in the front has a computer, and LOTS of
of the classroom paper ( My question is why )
So you might be wondering… how did colonist celebrate or what games did they
play ? Well , colonist had ways to celebrate even though they had tons of work.
Children played games whenever they had a chance to. They would play with their
friends for hours if they could !!!
Time to celebrate
Colonist celebrated many things in life such as funerals , births , and weddings.
The parties were celebrated by dinners, dances, card games , fancy ball dressing, and
singing. Plantation parties happened as well. These parties had many people that
would even stay for several days if they wanted too !
American indians started oﬀ by doing foot races and horse races as a form of playing.
Then when colonist started arriving in the colonies,children got ideas for games
when they saw the american Indians play. The girls played with dolls with their friends
while on the other hand boys had boat races across little streams with their friends.
Children also danced along to songs such as london bridge and Ring around the rosie!
Here's A photo of American Indians playing :
Bye bye England, hello the United States of America
More and more people from Europe came over to the thirteen colonies to
live there. Though colonist loved how there was more to have since there
was more people to ﬁsh, farm, and hunt the colonist dislike being under
British rule due to the taxes and poor choices that the king was making. So,
the leaders of the colonies came together and had their ﬁrst Continental
Congress. The leaders talked about things that they wanted to change. After
this the American Revolutionary war started. Many people fought and the
war went on from 1775 to 1783. Luckly , the colonist won and here we are
today as the United States of America! After this war people were loyal to
Britain most likely didn’t show their faces because life was hard for the
Click here to watch Schoolhouse rock " No more kings"
Click here to watch The sugar act song Parody to Maroon 5 "
Click here to watch schoolhouse rock " Fireworks"
Click here to watch Hamilton " Farmer refuted"
13 colonies The original 13 colonies were Delaware,
Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut, Massachusetts
Bay, Maryland, South Carolina, New Hampshire, Virginia, New York,
North Carolina, and Rhode Island They were all owned by King
embroideries Cool designs made in pieces of cloth
Continental Congress A meeting among the colony leaders ( not
including kid george)
Writing slates : A tool which to be used for writing on (
something kinda like a white board)
Glossary # 2
Hornbooks : A tool that a child used in school that had the
alphabet , sounds letters could make together, vowels, and
Taverns : A building that held meetings, dinning , and sleeping
Isaacs, Sally Senzell. Life in a Colonial Town.
Heinemann Library, 2001.
Raum, Elizabeth. Scoop on Clothes, Homes, and
Daily Life in Colonial America. Capstone Press, 2017.