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Kursus kepengadilan badminton,
Kelab Badminton sm st paul 2018

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Kursus kepengadilan badminton,
Kelab Badminton sm st paul 2018

Umpire Training Manual

March 2014


Table of contents

• Acknowledgements …....………………………………………4
• Preface ...........................………………………………………5
• Objectives of the training manual…………………………6
• Review of some of the rules and laws ….……………….10
• Marking the score-sheet ……………………………………..31
• Tips for umpires……………………………………………………43
• Tips for service judges ………………………………………….72
• Vocabulary …………………………………………………………..86


• Quiz……………………………………………………………………90
• Scenarios for discussion……………………………………..95
• BWF umpires evaluation sheet …….……………………101
• Record of work ………………………………………………….102
• Code of Ethics ……………………………………………………103
• Other instructions to umpires…………………………...112
• Laws of badminton………………….…………………Appendix



• This training manual for umpires has been experimented
with by BWF accredited umpires on many occasions
when conducting courses or clinics at Continental and/or
National levels.

• Supplementary materials shall be added to this training
manual from time to time to serve the purpose of
helping the many member Associations of the
Badminton World Federation.
Most of the pictures were taken from the internet or
from the BWF website.

• Finally, it is in the best interest of BWF technical chairs to
use this training manual to near standardize the
development of umpires all over the world.



• The training manual aims to improve the
knowledge, the understanding, experience and
vision of the umpire so that he/she can make
accurate and fair decisions according to
international standards.


Objectives of the training manual:

• 1. To develop a standardized umpires’ training
manual that will serve as a guide or model for
all Member Associations.

• 2. To provide printed material to be available
to all potential umpires attending a course or

• 3. To improve the efficiency of umpires at the
National, Continental and International levels.

• 4. To raise the performance level of national
umpires who will then be able to perform at
continental and possibly thereafter at
international level.


Each umpire introduces himself or herself,
naming some recent events in which he/she

has acted as badminton umpire or service


Court Officials’ Equipment

Stopwatch Coin for toss

Clip board Measuring tape

Score-sheet Yellow & red Cards
Two pens
Copy of the laws


Umpire Levels

• Internationally, there is the BWF (Badminton
World Federation). BWF have two levels of
umpires: Accredited and Certificated.

• There are also two levels of umpires in all
continental federations: e.g. BAAU
(Badminton Asia Accredited umpire); BE
(Badminton Europe Umpire).

• Each country is responsible for its own level of


Review of some of the laws of badminton

• Toss / testing of the shuttle
• Service faults
• Service court errors
• Faults
• Lets
• Shuttle not in play
• Misconduct / Use of cards
• Intervals



• The toss should be done slightly inside (1
metre)from the net post closer to the Umpire’s



• To test a shuttle, a player shall use a full
underhand stroke which makes contact with the
shuttle over the back boundary line. The shuttle
shall be hit at an upward angle and in a direction
parallel to the side lines.


Shuttle testing


Service faults

• No undue delay to the delivery of the serve.
• Foot (no lifting or dragging)
• Foot not touching a line


Service faults: - contd.

• Law 9.1.7
• During the delivery of service (Law 9.2, 9.3),

the movement of the server’s racket does not
continuously move forward.


Service faults: - contd.

• Laws 9.1.2 and 9.1.3
• During the delivery of service (Law 9.2 9.3),

one or both feet are not in contact with the
service court and in a stationary position until
the service is delivered.


Service faults: - contd.

• Law 9.1.4
Initial point of contact of server’s racket with
the shuttle not on the base of the shuttle.


Service faults: - contd.

• Law 9.1.5
• The whole shuttle at the instant of being hit by

server’s racket not below the server’s waist .


Service faults: - contd.

• Law 9.1.6
• At the instant of hitting the shuttle, the shaft

of the server’s racket not pointing in a
downward direction.


Service court errors

• A service court error has been made when a
- has served or received out of turn; or

- has served or received from the wrong service

- If a service court error is discovered, the error
shall be corrected and the existing score shall



It shall be a fault:

• if a service is not correct; or
• if, in service, the shuttle:

– is caught on the net and remains suspended on its

– after passing over the net, is caught in the net; or
– is hit by the receiver’s partner;


Faults - Continued

if in play, the shuttle:
• lands outside the boundaries of the court (i. e.

not on or within the boundary lines);
• passes through or under the net;
• fails to pass over the net;
• touches the ceiling or side walls;
• touches the person or dress of a player;
• touches any other object or person outside the



Faults - Continued

if in play, the shuttle:
is caught and held on the racket and then slung
during the execution of a stroke;

• is hit twice in succession by the same player.
However, a shuttle hitting the head and the
stringed area of the racket in one stroke shall
not be a «fault»;

• is hit by a player and the player’s partner
successively; or touches a player’s racket and
does not travel towards the opponent’s court;


Faults - Continued

if, in play, a player:
• touches the net or its supports with racket, person or dress;
• invades an opponent’s court over the net with racket or person

except that the striker may follow the shuttle over the net with
the racket in the course of a stroke after the initial point of
contact with the shuttle is on the striker’s side of the net;
• invades an opponent’s court under the net with racket or person
such that an opponent is obstructed or distracted; or
• obstructs an opponent, e.g.: prevents an opponent from making
a legal stroke where the shuttle is followed over the net;
• deliberately distracts an opponent by any action such as
shouting or making gestures;
• if a player is guilty of flagrant, repeated or persistent offences
under Law 16;



It shall be a let, if:
• the server serves before the receiver is ready (Law 9);
• During service, the receiver and the server are both

• After the service is returned, the shuttle is:

– caught on the net and remains suspended on its top; or
– after passing over the net is caught in the net.

• During play, the shuttle disintegrates and the base
completely separates from the rest of the shuttle;

• In the opinion of the umpire, play is disrupted or a
player of the opposing side is distracted by a coach;

• A line judge is unsighted and the umpire is unable to
make a decision; or

• Any unforeseen or accidental situation has occurred.


Shuttle not in play

A shuttle is not in play when:

• it strikes the net or post and starts to fall
towards the surface of the court on the striker’s
side of the net;

• it hits the surface of the court; or

• A fault or a let has occurred.


Misconduct / Use of coloured cards

Friendly warning
-Inappropriate behavior e.g.: delaying of game
Yellow Card
- Warning for misconduct
Ex: hitting racket on the floor, fist pumping
Red Card
- Fault for misconduct

Flagrant or persistent breach of Law 16.4, 16.5, 16.6 or
breach of Law 16.2, etc..
Black Card
- Disqualification following the Referee’s decision


Warning for misconduct: error


Misconduct / Use of coloured cards

Procedure for Warnings/Faults

When a player’s conduct has warranted an official

Raise your yellow card above your head with your
right arm and announce the player’s name and
say “Warning for misconduct.” Then, insert ‘W/F’
in the next available box in front of the
appropriate player (see score-sheet example

After the game you need to record on the score-

sheet why the warning was given (see score-

sheet as above). 29

Intervals times

• In the intervals between the first and second
game and between the second and third game
(Law 16.2.2), after 100 seconds have elapsed,

• “[Court ...] 20 seconds”. Repeat the call.
• In the intervals (Law 16.2.2) between two

games each side may be joined on the court by
no more than two persons. These persons shall
join the side after the players have changed the
ends, and shall leave the court when the
umpire calls “... 20 seconds”. (RTTO 3.3.5–3.3.9)


Marking the score-sheet

• Pre-Match Details – Score-sheet should be
completed with the details of the match,before
going on to the court.





• ‘S’, ‘R’ – server and receiver. Fill in when
conducting toss, after the sides have
exercised their choice. In singles mark server

• ‘L’, ‘R’ –Left side, right side where players start
when viewed from the umpire’s chair. Fill in
when conducting toss, after the side has
exercised its choice of the end.

• ‘0’ – mark zero to the initial server and initial
receiver at the start of each game.

• Start time – note the time when the umpire
announces ‘Play’ at the beginning of a match3.3

During Play

• Write the new score in the next available box, in the
row of the next server’s name.

• If the receiving side wins the point to make it ‘service
over’, write their new score in the next available box.
The last completed box is always the side serving.

• Score levelled at 20-all – draw diagonal line on the
next available box.


During Play - Continued

• The following letters or words are used on score-sheet:

Warning (for misconduct) W

Fault (for misconduct) F

Referee called on court R

Injury I

Play is suspended S

Retired Retired

Disqualification by the Referee Disqualified

Service court error corrected C

Write appropriate details about the situations listed above
at the bottom of the score-sheet. If the space is not
sufficient, write on the back of the score-sheet. Make
note on score-sheet to refer to back.


End of a Game

• Write and circle completed game score.
• Fill in completed game score at top of the

• Note ‘S’ and ‘R’ for the next game, except in

single matches where you note ‘S’ for the
server only.
• Mark in ‘0’ to the initial server and initial
receiver at the start of
• the next game.


End of Match

• Write and circle completed game score. Write
scores in line with the corresponding players

• End time – write the time the match ends, e.g.
when Umpire calls ‘game’ at the end of the
game which decides the match.

• Fill in the completed game score at the top of
the score-sheet.

• Circle name(s) of the player(s) of the winning
side at the top of the score-sheet.



• Duration – calculate and write duration of the

• Sign the completed score-sheet.
• Obtain counter-signature from the Referee and

hand it over to match control.


Example of a score-sheet: Singles

Event : WS DIAGRAM 2 Start time 12:10

Round : QF 20 22 End time: 12:43

Match No. : 228 Morning H. 19 V/S 21 Evening H. Duration (Min.): 33

Date : 16/12/2005 USA Canada Umpire : Name
Session : Evening Service Judge : Name

Court No. : 1

Morning H. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 20

Evening H. S 012 34 56 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 22
Morning H. 0 123 16 17
4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 18 19 19

Evening H. S 01234 5678 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 21
Morning H.

Evening H.
Morning H.

Evening H.
Morning H.

Evening H.


Referee Umpire

Example of a score-sheet: Doubles

Event : MXD Start time 13:45
Round : S.F.
Match No. : 530 19 21 End time: 14:25
Date : 16/12/2005
Mike G. 17 V/S 21 Tony P. Duration (Min.): 40
Session : Evening Tang W. Kim J.
England France Umpire : Name
Court No. : 1
L R Service Judge : Name

Mike G. 567 16 17 18 19 19
Tang W.
Tony P. S 01234 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Kim J.
1234567 13 14 15 16
Mike G.
Tang W. R0 8 9 10 11 12 17 18 19 20 21 21
Tony P.
Kim J. 123456789 16 17 17

Mike G. R0 10 11 12 13 14 15
Tang W.
Tony P. 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 17 18 19 20 21
Kim J.
S 01234 12 13 14 15 16 21
Mike G.
Tang W.
Tony P.
Kim J.

Mike G.
Tang W.
Tony P.
Kim J.

Referee Umpire 40

Example of a score-sheet: Retirement

Round : 2 29 30 End time: 10:12
Match No. : 210
Date : 16/12/2005 Short, D. 5 V/S 10 High, F Duration (Min.): 32
Long, F. Low, J.
Session : Morning Indonesia retired Malaysia Umpire : Name

Court No. : 2 L R Service Judge : Name

Short, D. 123456 11 12 13 14 15 20 22
Long, F.
High, F R0 7 8 9 10 16 17 18 19 21
Low, J.
789 13 14 15 16 17 18 21

S 0123456 10 11 12 W 19 20 22

Short, D. 24 26 28 29
Long, F. 23 25 27 29 30
High, F 23 25 27 29
Low, J.
S 24 26 28 30

Short, D. 12345 5
Long, F.
High, F R0
Low, J.
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 I Retired F. High retired

S 012 10

Short, D.
Long, F.
High, F
Low, J.

Short, D. Referee Umpire 41
Long, F.

High, F
Low, J.

W - Low J. interfered with the correct speed of the shuttle.
I - High F. twisted his ankle. Game delayed for 02:33 minutes.

Example of a score-sheet: notes

Event : MS DIAGRAM 4 Start time 12:10

Round : QF 21 13 End time: 12:43

Match No. : 228 Arm H. 4 V/S 11 Evening H. Duration (Min.): 33
Date : 16/12/2005 Tanzania Guatemala Umpire : Name
Session : Evening Service Judge : Name

Court No. : 1

Arm H. S 0123 456789 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 21

Evening H. 0 1234 567 8 9 10 11 12 13 W F 13
Arm H. Arm H. Disqualified for misconduct
S 012 F 3 4 F Disqualified 4
Evening H.
Arm H. RR


0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 F 10 11 11

Evening H.
Arm H.

Evening H. Arm H. - Faulted for using abusive language at the Service Judge. Referee instructed to observe and fault him if necessary. After repeated offence, the player
Arm H. was faulted again and matter was again referred to the Referee. The Referee decided to disqualify the player.

Evening H. 42

Evening H. - warned and faulted twice for influencing line calls. The referee was called and informed of the persistent

Umpiring Tips


Tips for Umpires

• Prior to walking onto the court, gather the
players and service judge, ensure that the
players’ uniform comply with the
tournament regulations as mentioned in the
Prospectus or as informed by the Referee in
the Team Managers’ meeting.


Tips for Umpires

• In respect to the players, learn how to
pronounce their names properly. You can ask a
coach/team member or umpiring colleague for
the proper pronunciation prior to going on
court, or ask the players how to pronounce
their names (if necessary) when you are
meeting them. You may write the names (on
the score sheet) in your own language, if


Tips for Umpires

• Walk on to the court and once you reach
the chair, take one or two steps (about one
metre) inside the court and face the service
judge chair to do the toss. Do not turn
around and face the umpire’s chair while
conducting the toss.


Tips for Umpires


Tips for Umpires

• Always have your stop watch ready and record
any interruption of play such as injury,
suspension of play, etc..

• Conduct the toss. Do not let the coin drop to
the floor. If you do, it may roll around and
cause a delay. If it does happen do not ask a
player to pick it up for you.


Tips for Umpires

• Make sure that players have a drink/towel and
spare racket with them.

• Make sure all line judges understand their
duties, know the line to observe, signals to
make and constantly look at the umpire after
making the line call, etc..


Tips for Umpires

• After the warm up is over, call «Ready to play».
This means that the match is ready to start.

• Check that players’ equipment, bags, rackets,
water bottles, towels, etc. are in boxes or
basket near the chair of the umpire. Nothing is
hanging out of the box.


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