GET TO KNOW THE POETS
John Donne was born in 1572 in London, England.
He is known as the founder of the Metaphysical Poets, a
term created by Samuel Johnson, an eighteenth-century
English essayist, poet, and philosopher. The loosely
associated group also includes George Herbert, Richard
Crashaw, Andrew Marvell, and John Cleveland. The
Metaphysical Poets are known for their ability to startle
the reader and coax new perspective through paradoxical images, subtle argument, inventive syntax, and imagery
from art, philosophy, and religion using an extended metaphor known as a conceit. Donne reached beyond the
rational and hierarchical structures of the seventeenth century with his exacting and ingenious conceits, advancing
the exploratory spirit of his time.
William Shakespeare was an English poet, playwright and
actor of the Renaissance era. He was an important member of
the King’s Men company of theatrical players from roughly 1594
Known throughout the world, Shakespeare's writings
capture the range of human emotion and conflict and have been
celebrated for more than 400 years. And yet, the personal life of
William Shakespeare is somewhat a mystery.
There are two primary sources that provide historians with
an outline of his life. One is his work — the plays, poems and
sonnets — and the other is official documentation such as
church and court records. However, these provide only brief
sketches of specific events in his life and yield little insight into
the man himself.
Elizabeth Barrett Browning
Elizabeth Barrett Browning (1806-1861) was one of the
most popular poets of the Victorian era. Elizabeth Barrett was
born in County Durham, England in 1806 and spent much of her
childhood in Herefordshire.She married with poet Robert
Browning. The couple went to live in Italy and had several
children. Barrett Browning’s major achievements are the long
verse-novel Aurora Leigh (1857), about a young orphan girl who
goes to live in Italy and becomes a successful writer, and the
sonnet sequence about her love for Robert, Sonnets from the
Portuguese (1850). This volume contains her most widely
anthologized poem, the sonnet which begins ‘How do I love thee?
Let me count the ways.’ (This was later used, with the word ‘love’ altered to ‘hate’, as the tag-line for the film Ten
Things I Hate about You, which, confusingly, was based on a Shakespeare play.) The title Sonnets from the
Portuguese was an in-joke: ‘Portuguese’ was Robert’s pet name for her. The sonnets aren’t, in fact, translated from
Elizabeth Barrett Browning died in 1861 in Florence, aged 55. Her poetry had, by this time, attracted an
international readership, including, notably, Emily Dickinson and Edgar Allan Poe (whose most famous poem,
‘The Raven’, was inspired by Barrett Browning’s poem ‘Lady Geraldine’s Courtship’). In the twentieth century,
Barrett Browning’s readership continued to decline, though her work has received more scholarly attention in
Pablo Neruda was born Neftali Ricardo Reyes Basoalto in Chile on July 12, 1904. He is said to be the greatest
poet of his lifetime who wrote in Spanish. Neruda started writing around the age of ten, and his first piece, Enthusiasm
and Perseverance was published at the age of thirteen by a local newspaper, La Manana. His compilation of
poems, Twenty Love Poems and a Song of Despair, was published in 1924. This work helped him become known
as an important Chilean poet. With this success, Neruda ended his formal education to pursue his love of writing poetry.
In addition to writing, Neruda held various diplomatic posts starting in 1927. When he returned to Chile
in 1943, he was elected to the Senate and became part of the Communist Party.
Communism was outlawed in Chile in 1948, and a warrant was issued for Neruda's arrest. Because of this,
he lost his Senate seat and had to flee from the authorities. Despite having to hide, Neruda continued writing during
this time and published Canto General (1950).
In 1952 he returned to Chile because there was no longer a threat of being arrested. It was during this time
that he married his third and final wife.
Neruda received various awards during his lifetime:
International Peace Prize (1950)
Lenin Peace Prize (1953)
Stalin Peace Prize (1953)
Nobel Prize for Literature (1971)
Pablo Neruda died of leukemia in Santiago, Chile
on September 23,1973.
Percy Bysshe Shelley
4 August 1792
Horsham, Sussex, England
8 July 1822 (aged 29)
Gulf of La Spezia, Kingdom of Sardinia (now Italy)
Percy Bysshe Shelley was born in Horsham, England in 1792. He was tutored at home before entering Syon
House in Brentford at the age of ten, moving on two years later to Eton College and eventually to University College,
Oxford. He published his first novel while at Oxford, during which time he also wrote and published several radical
pamphlets. On refusing to abandon, what was seen as his extreme views, Shelley was eventually asked to leave
he college, which he did in 1811, shortly before he eloped to Scotland to marry the sixteen year old Harriet Westbrook.
This marriage did not last long, however, and soon after Shelley fell in love with Mary Wollstonecraft’s daughter,
Mary Godwin. The two undertook several journeys to Europe, where they associated with other romantic poets
such as Byron, and wrote and published poetry quite prolifically. In 1816, Shelley’s wife Harriet drowned herself
in the Serpentine, leaving Shelley free to marry Mary after which they moved to Buckinghamshire, where they
continued to associate with poets, such as John Keats, before moving once again to Italy. It was in Italy, in 1822,
that Shelley aged 29, drowned when the boat he was in sunk during an unexpected storm.
All in all, there are five majestic poems that are demonstrated here including The Good- Morrow
by John Dohnne, Sonnet 130 My Mistress' Eyes are Nothing Like the Sun, How Do I Love Thee? by Elizabeth Browning,
I Do Not Love You Except Because I Love You by Pablo Neruda, and Love’s Philosophy by Percy Bysshe Shelly.
These are love poem that has lots of feeling and description. As you can see, love in these poems may happen
because the poets want to express their feeling of love but more often it happens because of a positive emotion.
That positive emotion may be positive feelings such as joy, appreciation, faith, satisfaction, romantic and erotic.
However, there are some authors that experienced negative love in their lives and indicate their negative feelings
through the poems. Indeed, these two sides of love are disparate from each other. It depends on the readers to
decide whether positive love poem or negative love poem.
PERFORMANCE VIDEO LINK
MERBERS OF GROUP
Wildan Maming 6220210218 No.14
Nasroh Bueraheng 6220210266 No.20
Piyawat Pantusah 6220210290 No.22
Ameeroh Samahae 6220210364 No. 25
Aree Paholphakdee 6220210366 No. 26
Ass. Prof. Dr. Suraiya Sulaiman