Worship Training Material
Trainer: Ps. Paulus Daniel Santo
I. Restoration of The Tabernacle of David
A new and fresh movement of the Holy Spirit is happening within the Church
nowadays. The restoration of Pray, Praise and Worships. This movements is an
important aspect of “The Restoration of the Tabernacle of David” that God is doing in
these end of time.
The word “Restore” is translated into Afokathistema in Greek. Which means:
1. To return something to its original.
2. To return moments or something missing
3. To Reset, Refresh, Equip and made into Perfection.
The Restoration of the Tabernacle of David.
Amos 9: 11 – 15 : Acts 15: 16 – 18.
1. Church services that are influence mostly by Pray, Praise and Worships to God
just like that of David’s Era (2 Chronicles 29:5).
2. Church of the New Testaments. People who are seeking God are like those of
David’s era. Church that are in restoration in their services.
The Purpose of The Restoration of the Tabernacle of David.
Amos 9: 12 - 15.
1. Harvesting of the Souls:
- Christians that are not yet born again.
- People that have not receive Jesus as their personal Savior.
2. Fast Spiritual Growth.
3. God’s Presence in their personal pray time and as corporate in the church
4. God’s abundant blessings.
5. Security of Salvation.
5 Aspects of Praise and Worships within the church services that God will restore.
1. Restoration of The Heart of Worships. The core of worships is the first love.
2. Restoration of the Holiness in Worships.
3. Restoration of Worships in Unity.
4. Restoration of Focus in Worships
a. Praise and Worships will the main focus during services.
b. The active involvements of the congregation is crucial.
c. Simple chosen songs, so that the newest members of the congregation
can follow and the lowest skilled member of the Praise and Worships
Team can play.
d. Choose songs with lyrics that focuses more vertically, such that which
we want to say to God the Almighty.
e. The Joy of the Holy Spirit can be expressed through clap of hands,
dancing and spontaneous in mannered shouts or response.
f. Worships and Prayers using the language of the Tongue are freely used
g. The main usage of facilities and other supporting tools are only to make
the Congregations to focus more on God.
5. Restoration of the 24 hours 7days a week Pray, Praise and Worships.
Why do we need to start services with Worships and Music?
a. To renew and calm our soul which resulted in better focus towards God.
b. Giving the opportunity to the manifestation of God’s Presence to slay us.
c. God is in Throne of the Praises of His People.
3 Points behind the making of Praise and Worships.
1. To get to know God (John 4:22). There is relationship between us and The
2. To Worship in the Spirit (John 4: 23 - 24).
To worship in the renewed Spirit.
To worship in the guidance of the Holy Spirit.
To worship using the language of the Tongue.
Filled with the Holy Spirit.
3. To Worship in the Truth.
To worship in the stage of being truthful:
- Made true by the God Almighty.
- Living in Repentance.
- No sins or hidden sins.
To worship correctly.
II. Building the Praise and Worship Team
Worship Team are those that help and serve with the congregations to ready the Praise
and Worships that is acceptable in God’s eyes.
Worship Teams Consisted of:
1. Worship Leader.
3. Singers, Backing Vocals, Choirs.
4. Coordinator and Secretary in charge of Schedules and Trainings.
Straighten The Concepts!
Worship Team are not “Musicians and Singers” such as those who are in performance
and entertainment industries. Worship Team are chosen men and women of God,
equipped with God given talents to Praise and Worship Him. “Priest of Praise and
Criteria of Individuals accepted in the Worship Teams.
a. New Born and Baptized.
b. Possesses the fruit of Repentance.
c. Filled with the Holy Spirit.
d. Living a life filled with Pray, Praise and Worships.
e. Doer of His Words.
f. Possesses High standard of Purity.
g. Understands the concept of submissions.
h. Planted in local church.
i. God’s bold witnesses.
j. Pure in words and actions.
k. Anointed with the Prophetic Anointing.
Physical and Technical:
a. Possesses good vocal and musical skills.
b. Have a good knowledge of basic vocal and musical technics.
c. Possesses good ear training skills.
d. Well mannered.
e. Team player.
f. Creative and possesses Initiative
g. Discipline, keen and have the heart to serve God.
h. Plenty of knowledge of songs
i. Humble, have the willingness to study and learn.
j. Mentally and physically ready.
k. Able to receive and be received by others.
How to Build an Anointed Worship Team.
5 areas of life that needs to be prepared:
1. Anointed by the Holy Spirit.
2. Sanctify with repentance and purity (Exodus 30: 18-21)
3. Chosen to Serve (Exodus 29:20).
4. Given the Garment of Praises (Isaiah 61:3)
5. Dedication of life to God (2 Chronicles 29:27).
A. Building our personal Spiritual life for starter.
Choose and select those who are born again, filled with the Holy Spirit and have
the heart and willingness to give back their God given talent to serve and glorify
Guide and lead them through the understandings of basics serving God with the
heart of a servant.
Give time to see their involvement and growth in the local church.
Gather them at least once in a month in “Gathering/Fellowship of Worships
Teams” to do impartation of vision, anointing and study the basics of Praise and
Mentor and guide them to continue to living a life producing the fruits of the
Spirit. A Praise and Worshipper must possess Godly morals and characters.
B. Talented, Skillful and Discipline in Practicing.
Talented, Skillful and Discipline in Practicing are all important aspects that a
Praise and Worshippers should have.
Choose a “Key Instrumentalist” (Guitarist or Pianist/Keyboardist) to bridge the
gap of vocalist and musicians.
Adjustments with worship leader
Back up vocalist
Learning to sing kind of song with different chord
Individual practice needed for instrumentalist with his instrument for serve
Holy spirit in you. Make a time to worship His Name with your talent
The meaning of an anointed servant is given talent by God to do the assignment and by
the call. Therefore, needs spiritual prepare until you can be an anointed servant. 2 things
to make anointed lifestyle:
1. Come near to God ( James 4:8)
2. Make a religious lifestyle and be a model for people
A servant in Praise and Worship need to spread their talent according their expertise.
Several things that we can do:
Increase individual talent
Increase team talent.
Prepare Before Serving
1. Repair communicate between God and human
With God :
Pray and read the Bible everyday
Resolve all the sin that hindering
Descend while fasting
Resolve the problem with fellowman
2. Life of prayer
Pray for all the people, specially as a worship leader
Thankful for tendency which God believe for us
Pray for His honor fall down n church where you serve
Anointed of Holy Spirit on His servant
Pray to God that answer our problem and people who come to church
3. Preparation of Mental
Self control and be the light
Prepare for handling unexpected moment
Prepare for receive critics or commend
- Keep humble if we succeed
- Do not hopeless if fail, learn from the failure
4. Physical Preparation
As a Praise and worship servant, we must keep our healthy, specially towards
the day. Adage world says “in a strong body there is a healthy soul”
5. Preparation Technique
Practice with music team literally
Learn the new song
Compile the song will be sung
Test the songs arrangement
Rehearse with the team music and singers
Learn key and tempo
Check for the support tools
Communicating with the operator
Confirmation with Pastor
Have a quality rest
III. Flowing Concept
The purpose establishing of flowing conception praise and worship:
Know the liturgyy
Understand how to sing a song appropriately
Understand how to merge in music and singers
Understand how to connect flowing song to another song
3 Elements Flowing :
Keep our eyes focused for God, through our expression
Selection of song which is easy to make people focused to God
Motivating not teaching, persuade not, persuade not commanding
Make the right decision as guidance of Holy spirit
Memorize the song lyrics and understanding per sentence
Quickly caught on the dynamics in a song
Delicate the right moment for„add lip“ and short commend
The real Harmony started from spiritual unity and unity of motivation
Mixed with intersrestation of music, specially rhythm and beat of the
Knowing the intro, interlude and coda
Good compost of vocal with singers
Appropriate as Holy Spirit Guidance
The one who understand God’s heart just holy spirit. If holy spirit guidance
us, and we follow it, this moment called flowing in spirit. There are 3
important things to get guidance of holy spirit:
New anointing every leading worship.
Spiritual ear always opens and heedful. Get rid of any kind of noises.
Religiously follow holy spirit in everything started from trinket.
Several benefit that we leading worship in guidance of Holy Spirit:
Holy spirit will always praise Jesus, thereover our worship focus always
directs to Jesus
There will be manifestfrom holy spirit.People who have sins were
borught to repentance, miracle, peace prospereusand happiness, there
will be a prophecy and God’s word which strengthens..
Peolpe will very blessedwith special way
Pastor will be helpful by the moment moreover obtain revelation from
All servant in praise and worship team will statisfied and blessed
Physicly, we are not tired, but the freshness instead.
Increasingly awake that not our strong do that, than every our praises
that we returnto God.
Have a clear direction
The right catch the guidance of Holy Spirit will give clear directional in
praise and worship. The clean direction will seen when worship leader
starting with opening prayer, singing the right songs, right comments, or
praise which will sing by. The clear direction will give effect like:
Relax forworship leader
Not causing incident in worship team and people
Will open the deep worship
Setting the good groove until “Climax”
Climax mostly translated by the worship leaders as the top moment for
people to receive God’s word. Setting the climax started from the
beginning of worship and increase gradually. The following is level
expected levels to get the climax:
1. Starting condition, is level readiness people when the worship starting.
Several things below are affect the starting condition:
The time of preparation prayer away before the worship
starting, included individual pray with sincere heart.
Flowing love from all the servant since the people come
Unity and one heart from all God’s servant.
Calm condition when people come
Good opening prayers.
2. Climax 1
Started with praise, increase the starting condition until people have
relief and get the freedom to praise and worship. In this moment,
allow Holy spirit to recovery, release, self consecration and renewal
love to God.
3. Joyful Moment
This Moment can be accomplished in Celebration Part with
motivating people for fellowship, expressive, and responsive for
4. Climax 2
Prepare the people for listen His word. Deep worship moment can be
enjoy in this moment. Prepare the fertile soil for His word.
Follow the Music
Need to note called musically flow. The magnificent will flows in
worship moment and make it perfect when the leader pay attention to
rules of the music, such: cheat sheets, tempo, and arrangement
IV. 40 Things for Worship Leader
Started to worship :
1. Make sure that you are good looking.
2. Keep calm, relax and polite when walk to podium
3. Standing with a good gesture
4. Keep smile
5. Watch the people from all the angle, while smiling ramah with a warm
greetings for take the attention from audience
6. Greetings with sincerely, not a chit-chat
7. Say in short, polite, and clearly, when there is a briefing
8. Do not comment moreover judging people who come late, let the announcer
submit in the end of worship time.
9. Apologize if delayed. Try to on time
10. Mostly in public in church started with pray, sometimes, with their pastor,
sexton or the worship leader. When we were leading a prayer, pray with
clearly and not rambling. The most important of pray must directional in
guidance of holy spirit until people involved in pray. Show off the fighting
spirit we give with not overreact. The goals is to transfer the fighting spirit to
people and they can see your strength and dynamic.
Sing praise and worship song:
11. Hold the microphone with the right position. The right position of
microphone will bring:
Clear and good voice
Face clearly visible from the front
Attractive in our hold hand and we felt that heavy
12. Singing with the right technique :
Good technique in breathing
Good and clear sounding
Follow the right beat.
13. Do not be very stiff and quiet when sing ballad
14. Do not overreact
15.Do not close your eyes too much when singing
16.Do not hit the microphone when give applause
17.Familiarized the clap hand with snare drum stroke.
18.If you make an error, be nature and keep it go on.
19.Give clue with your hand to music instrument player at the right moment. If an,
error come out, keep smile and not affected by the error
20.Watch the singers and music instrument player occasionally when singing.
Smile and give them spirit to worship God.
21.Do not modify the cheat sheets and stopping in the middle.
22.Sing the modulation :
Let the music instrumental player know the cheat sheets
Give the clear clue at the right moment to overtone
Defining the music instrument player saw the clue
Sing the modulation without any doubts
23.Do not modify the tempo with weird hand gesture and continuously.
24.Do not let the people standing over long
25.Tell the people to sing together.
26.Do not affected by people who are not join when singing or do not give respond
Handling the Problem :
27.If your worship incomplete, be a wise leader
28.If there are a noise from the outside which is interrupted the moment (noise,
child’s voice or run, etc) keep humble and cooperate with other servant to
resolve the problem.
29.If the power outage :
Keep singing in „acapella“
Make the decision quickly with guidance of holy spirit keputusan
dengan pimpinan Roh Kudus
Pray in battle spirit
Assure that God take the part to bring in kindness
30.If there long evidence:
Preparing for “throw out “one or two songs because of the time.
Be brave for make decision to stop if accepted by Pastor or Worship
Coordinator considering by the moment where starting to “get down”.
If not accepted yet, act to wise.
31.If pastor delayed or not come:
Do not nervous, keep calm, and believe the pastor orsexton who
managing the schedule
Be prepare with alternative song as an addition
Some of good habits:
32.On time when started, and finish at the right time
33.Being hospitable as a „habit“.
34.Take a quality break every day.
35.Do not eat or drink “ too spicy, too hot, too frost, too oily, too much, etc.”
36.Do not talk to much for outside. It is for :
Avoid carelessness in words
Take a break for the cord
37.Doing sport literally specially for supporting organ vocal like jogging,
38.Spare time for learning vocal everyday
39.Complete the praise and worship team in the end of liturgy to pray and give prize
40.Always return every commend just for God.
Keyboard Training Material
Trainer: Deni Arieswiyono
- Introduce the Instrument
- Note Position
- Finger Position on Scale
- Fingering in Major Scale : C, F, G (Ascending & Descending)
- Beat: beat 4, beat 2, beat 1
- Basic sight reading technique ( Schmitt & Beyer )
- Basic simple song while reading
- Chord basic :C, F, G
The meaning of note position is for introduce to every notes on the piano, so when you
play piano, you may play it very well.
For more information, you may see the picture below:
Interval is space between two notes.
The picture below will be explain space between a note to antoher notes:
The function of Accidental sign is a note of a pitch (or pitch class) that is not a
member of the scale or mode indicated by the most recently applied key signature
The picture below is signs on accidental signs:
Fingering in Scale
Doing this in the right way gives a foundation for a development of good technique.
Sometimes you will see instructions that tell you which fingers to use by the numbers 1-
5 on piano sheets. The picture below is how to do the right fingering :
C D E F G A BC
Fingering Exercise is for exercising our fingers to tap the notes which we will use after
we can play piano very well.
For the fingering, below is the kind of the exercise:
Ascending = Ascending is going upwards in the keys (Ie: C D E
F G A B C).
Descending = Descending is going down (Ie: C B A G F D E C)
That was a bit obvious
Contrary = melodic motion in which one part rises in pitch
while the other descends
Arpeggio = Like a chord, it is made up of only certain notes
from that set. So an arpeggio is a chord played like a scale.
Note which we learn in basic 1 on instrument piano is :
- 4 Note - 2 Note - 1 Note
The picture below explain the signs of notes :
Chord is a several notes played together which is have harmonization. The Chord is
very important in song, because chord to escort the melodies.
The picture below is the example of chords:
For piano basic 1 note we will learn is C, F, and G. In scale F and G, if we count in
interval, it will be a sign of sharp (#) on G scale and a sign flat (b) on F scale.
F Major Scale
G Major Scale
Fingering Exercise on scale D, A, E (ascending & descending)
Arpeggio (ascending & descending)
Sight-reading (Schmitt &Beyer)
Simple song with reading
Chord progression (D, A, E)
Application on song
There are scale we will learn are D, A, E. The picture below is the signs of notes :
A Major Scale
E Major Scale
For arpeggio exercise usually use the broken chord. The function of arpeggio is for
exercising the right fingering to tab the notes on piano.
The eighth note is worth ½ of a Quarter note. It may also be considered as a one beat
note in 3/8 and similar timings, the 8 on the bottom of the time signature giving the clue
that you are counting in eighth notes. This is the first note in the rhythm tree to have
a flag. The flag is the name for the 'tail' added to the eighth note. Eighth notes may be a
single as shown on the left, or joined together with beams.
In sight-reading used Schmitt and Beyer book. For basic 1 use Beyer book start from
no.3 until 50, for basic 2 no.50 s/d 100. In Schmitt Book start from no.1 s/d 100
Chord progression is as a series of chord changes that are played throughout a piece of
music. The picture below explain how the chord progression signs :
Fingering Exercise in F, Bb, Eb Scale (ascending & descending)
Arpeggio (ascending & descending)
Sight-reading (Schmitt & Beyer)
Simple song and reading
Chord Progression (F, Bb, Eb)
Application in Song
We will learn about how to play F, Bb, and Eb Major scale. For F Major have a flat (b)
which is in 4th position, Bb. Bb Major have 2 flats (b) in 4th position and first position, Bb
Eb Major have 3 flats (b) the first is Eb, second is Ab, and the last is Bb.
F Major Scale
Eb Major Scale
Like a chord, it is made up of only certain notes from that set. So an arpeggio is a chord
played like a scale. Usually like broken chord.
Semiquaver is The Sixteenth note is worth ¼ of a Quarter note. It may be beamed
together in the same way as the eighth note. It changes from the eighth note by having
an additional flag. Look at the picture and you see a double flag at the top of the stem.
This is how you tell a note is a sixteenth note
Chord Progression can be seen in the material before.
Major Scale (Bb, Eb, Ab) = ascending & descending
Minor Scales (12 scales) = ascending & descending
Sight-reading (Beyer & Schmitt)
Chord progression (Bb, Eb, Ab)
Application in Song
We will learn new scale, there is Ab. Ab Scale have 4 signs chromatic, there are Ab in
first position, Bb in second position, Db third position, and Eb in fourth position.
Ab Major Scale
for Bb and Ebcan read in the material before.
The natural minor scale, also known as Aeolian scale, taken by itself. When a
major scale and a natural minor scale have the same key signature, they are relative
keys. A natural minor scale has the same notes as its relative major scale, but is built
starting from the sixth note of the relative major scale., :
Minor Scale have 3 pattern of scales:
- natural minor -minor melodic
- minor harmonic
The picture below is scale of nature minor, minor harmonic, and minor melodic :
Learn all of the scale Major (12 scale)
Learn progressive chord in all scales
Learn to escort song in all scale
Learn Latin Rhythm
Advance in music is rank where student can play piano very well, from the start until
advance. In advance we will learn how to escort band or solo piano. And we will learn
rhythm music Latin.
In this material, we will learn all the scales in one simple song for exercising the
sensitivity of note when escort the singer or solo.
Learn Progressive Chord Progression in 12 Scales
Learn progressive chord progression in 12 scales is play songs while use all the
progressive chord which we learned.
Learn Escort Song in All Scales
In this material, student will learn how to escort a song in all scale. This is very
important to exercising the sensitivity of scale and the progressive chord.
8 Beat Rhythm
16 Beat Rhythm
Pentatonic Scale ( 5 Position ) on C Major
Slow Rock Rhythm
You may see the Latin rhythm below
Building an atmosphere for worship with music
We can build an atmosphere for worship using Progressive Chords
Progressive Chord is basically the progressive movement from chord to chord in a
song composition or what we normally call a chord circle. It is very important for any
church musician to master this.
Progressive Chord formula :
I ii iii IV V vi vii
M m m M M m dim
Diminished (dim) Chord Formula:
1 - 3b - 5b
To create an atmosphere for worship, aside from good understanding of how to use
chords, there needs to also be good understanding of rythmics and scales.
Below are some examples how to use progressive chords (in all keys) to support
Example of 'thanksgiving' song are I am here, give thanks,etc.
the worship progressive chord would be:
Example of songs that characterize as songs of intimacy with God are as a deer,
deeper in love with You, etc.
the worship progressive chord would be:
Example of songs of God's Majesty are You deserve the glory, Shout to the Lord, etc,
the worship progressive chord would be:
Vocal Training Material
Trainer: Ketura Anggina
Though your vocal cords are not the only part of your body that affects your singing
voice, it’s a good place to start the discussion. When you hear words like acoustics and
resonance, you may not necessarily think of vocal cords. But your vocal cords are part
of a system that includes:
Lungs that inhale and exhale air
Vocal folds that vibrate
Pharynx and mouth which make up your resonator
Acoustics refers to the principles and properties of sound. Just think of all thetimes
you have heard teenagers talk about the “great acoustics” of their stereo systems. What
they are talking about is the quality of sound that is achieved through sound frequency
(number of vibrations), amplitude (sound volume and intensity), duration (how long
the sound lasts) and form (structure of the sound). Your lungs, vocal folds, mouth, air
passageway and the diaphragm all play a part in sound production. Another term you
need to know is tone. Tone is the quality of the sound. To get good quality, which is
one of the singing goals, you need to control your breathing in a way that produces the
best human acoustics and tone. That same type of connectedness applies to your
Diaphragm – large muscle that separates the abdomen and the lungs and its
contractions contributes to the inhalation and exhalation of air
Lungs – air sacs that expand and contract as air is drawn in or expelled
Trachea – the channel of your human wind instrument through which air
Vocal cords – vibrating folds that create sound as air passes through and
causes changes in air pressure
Voice Box (larynx) – cartilage box that contains the vocal cords
Pharynx – the throat or the tube that runs from the top of the larynx to the
nose and includes the hard and soft palates
Mouth – oral cavity that includes your lips, tongue, and teeth
Resonating chambers – the facial bones around the cheeks next to the nose
and the hollow sinus cavities over the eyes
In general, the parts just mentioned serve the following purposes in sound production.
Diaphragm – affects sound strength
Lungs – healthy lungs can assist with clearer sound
Trachea – fully open it will enable unimpeded air flow for better sound
Vocal cords – the characteristics of the vocal cords affect the pitch and
quality of sound produced
Larynx – where resonance is created
Pharynx – critical to creating rich sounds that do not have a nasal
Mouth – used to articulate words in a song
Resonators – creates amplified sounds with full tone
There are two sides to breathing – inhaling and exhaling – and both play an important
role in singing. Breathing is a natural biological function, but you can control how you
breathe in order to develop your best singing voice. Inhalation is when you draw in
breath. You want to inhale using your diaphragm and not your chest. When you
breathe from your chest, it means you are taking shallow breaths. You want to learn
how to take deep breaths. The diaphragm, as described earlier, is an important muscle
that separates the abdomen and rib cage. But many beginning singers don’t realize the
diaphragm muscle is also connected to other abdominal and back muscles. To breathe
deeply you need relaxed back muscles that don’t limit your diaphragm movements.
To practice breathing:
Loosen the back and diaphragm
muscles with stretching exercises
Stand with good singing posture
Lift your rib cage first
Breathe deeply so that your
diaphragm expands and contracts, and not your
Take many deep breaths and
practice while feeling for expansion in your diaphragm muscle, side
and back muscles
Posture is critical to becoming a good singer. It has been
mentioned several times already that singing involves the
whole body, and not just vocal cords or breathing apparatus.
Anytime you are singing you want proper alignment of the
body. Notice you need to align the whole body and not just the
spine. Good posture enables the diaphragm muscles to work
properly and air to flow smoothly from the lungs, and then up
and out of the mouth after passing through the vocal cords.
Proper posture requires alignment from your neck all the way
down to your feet:
Keep your neck straight so your ears are aligned
over your shoulders. Don’t jut your head out
Keep your shoulders back and down - and don’t lift them up
Keep your spine straight and not curved
Keep your chest lifted so that the diaphragm works properly
Keep your hips slightly tucked so that the spine stays straight
Keep your knees flexible and don’t lock them
Keep your feet separated by shoulder width
Don’t: Thrust the chin forward or up
Throw the head back
Clench the teeth
Push the tongue against the teeth
Clench the hands or toe
Round the shoulders
Slump the spine
Lean excessively forwards or sidewards
Tilt the pelvis excessively
Hold a rigid posture
Try to keep the spine straight
Lock the knees
Keep thigh muscles braced
Raise or hunch the shoulders
Narrow the back
Stand or sit with an asymmetrical
Hard Palate help singer to amplifies sound or make our voice sonorous (forward
direction). It very useful to make our voice strong and powerful, and sing in the stable
note or tone. We used this room to make a clearly consonant when sing.
Soft Palate help singer to make the voice more flexible and warm. It very useful to
make fully voice and help singer to reach the higher notes.
The tongue is a strong muscle that needs to be tamed for singing. It can cause
tension/damage in vocal cords and larynx.
It should lay relaxed and limp in the mouth
The tongue will move as a unit with the jaw
A…E…I…O…U! In a continuous flow of air you create vowel sounds. It is vowels
that play the most important role in tone production. That is because it is the vowels
that linger on to produce the longer sounds that separate normal speech from singing.
Vowels are pronounced by controlling the shape of your mouth and tongue, and the
position of the soft palate at the back of your throat. The soft palate should be lifted in
order to allow clear air flow into the resonators in the face. You don’t want to open
your mouth too wide horizontally, and you want to keep the jaw relaxed.
A vowel requires continuous air flow but a consonant needs air flow to be interrupted
for correct pronunciation. Though the lips, tongue and palate affect air flow and thus
vowel sounds, they are called tone articulators when pronouncing consonants. To
become a better singer you will need to learn to control the hard and soft palates, the
shape of the lips, the placement of the tongue in the mouth and against the teeth, and
the position of the lower jaw to produce crisp clear consonants. All of these physical
components are called articulators.
There are three voice placement : Chest Voice, Middle Voice, and Head Voice. They
are really important when we are sing.
Chest Voice is place to sing more heavy, thick and fully. When we use
that place, we will feel a wave or vibration in our chest.
Middle voice or Passagio is the transition between chest and head
voice. It used many room at our face like nasal cavity.
Head Voice is the place when we sing a higher tone. It used our head
cavity and the sound more light. When we use that place, we will feel
a wave or vibration in our head.
To make a tunable voice, singer must really know how to use that
placement and how to combine it very well. To combine three
placement of voice, need many practices.
How to use a microphone?
Learning how to use a microphone is also important. The microphone can be a handy
tool for enhancing your singing, or an impediment that blasts your singing faults.
There are different types of microphones including the
dynamic microphone, the condenser microphone, and the
wireless microphone. The dynamic microphone is a good
choice for beginning singers who need to work on
It’s important to realize that a microphone does not fix your
singing problems. It is only for projecting volume so the
people in the back of the audience can hear too. Learning to
handle the microphone on stage is critical. We have all witnessed a singer struggle with
a microphone that won’t fit back into the stand or who holds it too close or too far.
Following are some suggestions for mastering microphone techniques.
Hold your mouth within 3 inches of the microphone so it picks up the
whole sound range of your voice
Keep the microphone at your mouth while turning your head or
moving your body on stage
Keep the microphone balanced in your hand so you never lose control
Practice articulation at home using a microphone so you can learn to
avoid making loud popping noises using certain letters like “d” or “p”
Never let the microphone block your face
Keep your voice prima
As related to singing, vocal cord damage can result from:
Singing or talking outside the comfortable note range for your voice
(too high or too low pitch)
Singing too loudly at almost a scream (think of rockers where you
read they had to take time off to let their vocal cords heal)
Singing for long periods of time without a rest
Strain or overuse
Nodules forming due to repeated excessive pressure on the same vocal
Failing to do vocal cord warm-up exercises
Speaking in a voice too low that forces muscles and the vocal cords to
When vocal cords are damaged, the voice can become gravelly sounding or raspy. You
might get hoarse or have trouble singing notes with consistency. Sometimes people with
strained vocal cords have voices that suddenly cut out on particular notes.
Following are some more suggestions for maintaining vocal cord health:
Drink plenty of water so the vocal cords stay hydrated and work
Maintain a healthy weight
Do regular cardiovascular exercises to maintain healthy lungs and
healthy cardiovascular system
Give your vocal cords regular rest to avoid overuse
Don’t try to sing outside your normal pitch range
If you feel any larynx aching, detect cracks or missing in your singing
then stop and rest for at least a day or two
Get plenty of sleep because sleep restores all of the body’s systems
from the day’s stresses including the stress on your vocal cords
Do drink warm soothing and refreshing herbal teas, but avoid caffeine
which will dry out vocal cords
Avoid alcohol because it too will dry out vocal cords
Avoid foods that cause even mild allergic reactions or phlegm
Don’t try to frequently talk over noises like air conditioners or car
engines, because loud talking will strain your vocal cords
Be careful about the type of medications you take because
antihistamines are drying and can cause vocal cords to dry out also
Guitar Training Material
Trainers: Andries &Yohanes S.
Parts of a Guitar
Electric Acoustic Generally speaking, there are two types of guitars: acoustic and
electric. The acoustic guitars are built so they can be played without amplification.
Electric guitars require an amplifier to produce a sound loud enough to hear well.
Despite their differences, electric and acoustic guitars are played the same way.
String Numbering & Tuning
Strings are numbered from the thinnest string (1st string) to
the thickest string (6th string). The tuning is given from the
6th string to the 1st string: E-A-D-G-B-E.
Frets are numbered from the headstock toward the body starting with 1.
Sometimes the number 0 or letter O is used to denote an open string, or one that
is played without fretting a note. Fretting a note is executed by pressing the
string down behind a fret (on the headstock side of the fret)
Fret board Note Locations 2nd String Notes (B String)
1st String Notes (High E String) 4th String Notes (D String)
6th String Notes (E String)
3rd String Notes (G String)
5th String Notes (A String)
A scale is simply a set of notes arranged in order of pitch. They are named by the first note of
the sequence. This is called the root note. Scales can ascend in pitch or descend in pitch. There
are many scales you can learn, but we are going to give you the first two scales, the major and
The major scale is an important scale. It contains a repeating pattern of seven
notes at specified intervals of whole and half steps. Numbers are often used to
designate the degree of the scale in the repeating pattern. The degrees are given
in numbers or roman numerals (as shown).
Major Scale Intervals:
(W = Whole Step, H = Half Step)
Major Scale Pattern
In the picture on the next page you can see and learn 7 patterns of the "CAGED
Patterns" in C major scale and G major scale. In another keys (for example: A),
you just have to move the exactly same position to another fret to make it pitch.
There are three kinds of minor scale: Natural, Harmonic, and Melodic. We
will explain it later in Reading Music
The intervals: I ii iii IV V vi vii I
The pictures below will show you the pattern of E minor scale &A minor scale
on the fret board. In another keys (for example: B minor),you just have to move
the exactly same position to another fret to make it pitch.
When musicians play three or more different notes at the same time, this creates a
chord. In Western music, including classical music, pop music, rock music and many
related styles, the most common chords are triads– three notes usually played at the
same time. The most commonly used chords are the major chord and the minor chord.
An example of a major chord is the three pitches C, E and G. An example of a minor
chord is the three pitches A, C and E. The table below will show you the chord
belonging to each key. Roman numeral indicate each chord's position relative to the
Slash chords are normal chords that specify a bass note other than the root.
Many chords have a bass note other than the root, but the bass is only specified
when it matters. The note may or may not be a chord tone. These chords are
common in many genres, but I find them a lot in solo guitar arrangements. This
makes sense because you are the only instrument. When you play with a group,
the bass player will often play the bass note, which frees you from the obligation
in most cases. When playing slash chords, remember that you should play the
bass note unless it is impractical or your bass player is playing the note instead.
Slash chords are notated with a chord, slash, and a bass note. For example, G/B
is pronounced G over B. G major is the chord, B is the bass note.
In a praise and worship service, the most commonly used slash chords are the
IV/I, IV/V, V/VII. The table below will show you the three slash chords
belonging to each key (C, D, E, F, G, A, Bb).
Major Keys IV/I IV/V V/VII
Everyone who plays a guitar learns how to strum, which is simply playing multiple
strings with one downward or upward movement. Although this seems like a simple
movement, it takes time for a beginner to learn. The upstroke is especially hard because
of how the hand wants to move. Beginners often struggle with playing all the strings
cleanly. Later, they struggle with strumming only some strings. This takes some time.
There are a lot of strumming patterns, but we are going to learn 3of them. They are 3 of
the most commonly used patterns in praise and worship music although they are used
frequently in genres ranging from folk to metal too, so it really is essential that you
The first strum pattern uses a combination of quarter and 8th notes, so make sure you
have a good understanding of these and are comfortable playing them before attempting
the strum pattern. It is an incredibly popular pattern to strum on the guitar. It makes a
good substitute for other more complex strumming patterns and is also a good `go to`
strum pattern that all you guitarists can call on frequently when in doubt.
The second strumming pattern uses a combination of quarter, 8th and 16th notes,
so make sure you have a good understanding of these and are comfortable
playing them before attempting this strum pattern. The accents on the 2nd and
4th beats are integral to this pattern. Loads of modern worship songs use this
pattern to great effect.
The third pattern used to be called The Modern Strum Pattern. It uses a
combination of quarter, 8th and 16th notes, so make sure you have a good
understanding of these and are comfortable playing them before attempting the
Music may be written on 5 lines and 4 space between lines, the 5 lines called STAFF
Treble clef or G clef on Staff may be written by symbol:
Ledger line is A ledger line is simply an extension of the staff written either below or
above it, and is used when the tonal range exceeds the staff itself.
Notes and Notes Value
Time signature is to be as comfortable playing in other meters as you are already in. For
example: 4/4, 3/4, 6/8, etc. Time signature 4/4 means there are 4 Quarter-notes in one
BAR, 6/8 means in one BAR there are 6 Eight-notes.
Rest notation is the same as rhythm notation except instead of a period of sound, it is
replaced by a period of silence or a break which have same note value.
The meaning of Tied Notes is held the first note until the next note.
Dotted notes is note which have dot, the meaning is make the sound longer with a half
of that note.
Scale made by Half Step interval and Whole Step.
Half Step is interval the most close between 2 notes. In piano there is an interval Half
Step, between the white chord and black chord or between note B-C and E-F
Whole Step is in piano there are 3 white chords in sequence. Except for B-C and E-F.
Symbol of half step is H
Symbol of whole step is W
Symbol of step and half is 1½
There are 3 minor scale:
1. Natural minor or Relative Minor is minor scale made in Major Scale.
2. Melodic minor is minor scale made by different formula in ascending scale and
be a Natural Minor for descending scale.
3. Harmonic minor scale formula is: W – H – W – W – H – 1½ -H
A Melodic Minor Scale
Accidentals is a note of a pitch (or pitch class) that is not a member of
the scale or mode indicated by the most recently applied key signature. There are the
is a note interval, or key signature that is equivalent to some other note, interval, or key
signature but "spelled", or named differently.
Chord or harmony is several notes played together which is have harmonization. The
most simple chord called TRIAD
Major Chord Triad :135
Minor Chord Triad : 1 3b 5
Diminish Chord Triad : 1 3b 5b
Augmented Chord Triad : 1 3 5#
Bass Training Material
Trainer: Andy Setiawan
Fingering Exercise on C Major ( 7 Position )
I-III : C D E F GA B C
II II II I E
EF G A C
I-IV : C D E FG AB F
I I I II II C
F G A BC DE I
I-V : C D E F GAB
II I III I I
GA B C DE F
I-VI : C D E FG AB
I I I II II
A B C DE FG
CDE F GABC
E F GABCDE
GABCDE F G
Maj Min Min Maj Maj Min Dim Maj
Arpeggio is chord which played by push it one by one or broken chord
C D EF GAB
I I II III
E F GA BCD
I I II III
G A BC DEF
I I II III
B C DE F GA
Maj7 Min7 Min7 Maj7 Dom7 Min7 Half Dim
II ( Two ) - V ( Five ) – I ( One) , II ( Min7) – V ( Dom7 ) – I (Maj7)
Circle of Fourth ( II – V – I )
8 Beat Rhythm
16 Beat Rhythm
Pentanonic Scale ( 5 Position ) on C Major
Slow Rock Rhythm
Fill in Bass
Position I: 7 Fingering Position on Bass
A F aG