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DefInsights - Sugosha Newsletter Jul 2019

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Published by sohilpat, 2019-12-18 01:30:15

DefInsights - Sugosha Newsletter Jul 2019

DefInsights - Sugosha Newsletter Jul 2019


Force Protection
Personnel Protection &

Counter-IED Systems



Force Protection : Personnel Industry Buzz
Protection and Counter-IED
P 16
P 09
DPP Primer: Part 15
From the MDs Desk
P 20
P 03
Business Opportunities

P 22


2 | DefInsights | July 2019

From the MD’s Desk

This month begins with plenty of good news. The budget is out in the open with
little to offer. However, MoD has issued an expression of interest to foreign
companies to construct six advanced diesel-electric submarines for its navy,
Project 75-I is valued at around $6.5 billion. As part of the project, leading
submarine manufacturers will need to work with an Indian Strategic Partner to
supply the submarines. This will provide a major boost to the indigenous design
Mrs. Shanti Kuber and construction capability of submarines in India, in addition to bringing in the
latest submarine design and technologies as part of the project. The Indian Navy also retained the
option to "manufacture six more submarines under the project". Indian Navy has stipulated, an
indigenous content of 45%, also mandating that the submarines should be fitted with Indian steel,
missiles, torpedoes including the indigenously developed heavy weight torpedo and air independent

The Cabinet Committee on Security has cleared the setting up of new agency called the Defence Space
Research Agency (DSRO) entrusted with the task of creating space warfare weapon systems and
technologies. The agency would be providing the research and development support to the Defence
Space Agency (DSA) which comprises members of the three services. The DSA has been created to help
the country fight wars in the space.

After successfully testing an anti-satellite (A-Sat) missile in March 2019 and initiating the raising of a
new tri-service Defence Space Agency soon after, India is now planning to conduct its first-ever
simulated space warfare exercise next month. Named as ‘IndSpaceEx’, the exercise will basically be a
‘table-top war-game’, with all stakeholders from the military and scientific community taking part in it.
The main aim of the exercise, is to assess the requisite space and counter-space capabilities.

ISRO has formed the New Space India Limited (NSIL), a public-sector undertaking (PSU) that will
commercially exploit the research and development work of the space agency, co-produce PSLV and
launch satellites through SSLVs. The functions of NSIL will involve small satellite technology transfer to
industry, manufacture of Small Satellite Launch Vehicle (SSLV), a product which is being developed by
the ISRO in collaboration with the private sector.

India’s first fully integrated Advanced Towed Artillery Gun System (ATAGS) will be ready for crucial user
(army) trials by early September 2019. The gun has achieved all desired results during the trial. The gun
has hit a target at 45km distance.

The Indian Army’s request for information (RFI) for much-needed sniper rifles just got longer as 20 firms
(including Sako of Finland, H-S Precision of the US, Steelcore Designs Limited of the UK, PGM Precision
of France, and Punj Lloyd Raksha Systems, a joint venture between Indian defence conglomerate Punj
Lloyd and Israel Weapons Industries), replied to RFI but none of them manufacture the ammunition.
The Army is now looking to scrap the RFI and start with a fresh hunt for 5,700 high-precision sniper
rifles, at an estimated cost of Rs 982 crore. The possible options for a new procurement process include

July 2019 | DefInsights | 3

rifles, at an estimated cost of Rs 982 crore. The possible options for a new procurement process include
floating two separate RFIs — one for procuring sniper rifles and the other for ammunition.

In a Foreign Military Sales (FMS) deal with the United States Government, India is buying 24 Lockheed
Martin-Sikorsky MH-60R helicopters to strengthen the navy’s anti-submarine/anti-surface warfare and
surveillance capabilities. The deliveries are expected to begin 18 months after the contract is signed and all
the MH-60Rs should be in by 2022. Armed with AGM-114 Hellfire missiles, MK 54 torpedoes and advanced
precision kill weapons system rockets, the twin-engine helicopters can operate from frigates, destroyers and
aircraft carriers.

Visakhapatnam is the first stealth destroyer of the Navy, being built under its Project 15B, which seeks to tap
indigenous design to build “the most technologically-advanced guided missile destroyers of the world”. The
ship was to be commissioned in the Indian Navy by 2018, but several delays saw the deadline being pushed
to 2021. An advanced version of Kolkata-class ships, Visakhapatnam is the first of P15-B’s indigenously-
designed stealth destroyers. Two other guided-missile destroyers are being built under 15B, Mormugao and
Imphal, which are scheduled for commissioning at later dates. The P15-B destroyers will incorporate new
design, concepts for improved survivability, sea- keeping, stealth and manoeuvrability, according to the

Sukhoi fuses-in Brahmos, in a landmark achievement, Su-30MKI fighters of the Indian Air Force (IAF) will be
carrying BrahMos-A air-launched supersonic cruise missiles, which will allow the force to hit the enemy from
standoff range by day or night and in all weather conditions with pinpoint accuracy. An IAF Su-30MKI had on
November 22, 2017, created history by successfully test firing the new version of BrahMos missile against a
sea-based target in the Bay of Bengal. On May 24, 2019, the IAF once again tested the BrahMos missile from
another Su-30 MKI against a land target. The fuselage of the SU-30 MKI had to be modified to carry the
BrahMos. It involved mechanical, electrical and software modifications on the fighter.

The Indian Air Force signed a deal worth around Rs 300 crore for buying more than 100 SPICE bombs, used
by the IAF for Balakot strike in February, from Israel. The penetration warhead SPICE-2000s were used by
the Indian Air Force in Balakot airstrike. As per the contract, the advanced SPICE bombs would be delivered
to the Air Force in the next three months as the deal is under emergency powers. SPICE bomb has a standoff
range of 60 kilometres and approaches the target as its unique scene-matching algorithm compares the
electro-optical image received in real-time via the weapon seeker with mission reference data stored in the
weapon computer memory and adjusts the flight path accordingly. SPICE 2000 consists of an add-on kit for
warheads such as the MK-84, BLU-109, APW and RAP-2000. Looking to increase its stockpile of missiles IAF
looks at a $700 million deal from Russia. These include air-to-air missiles with an extended range as well air-
to-surface missile. The order includes to 300 short-range air-to-air missiles, the R-73, and 400 medium-range
air-to-air guided missiles, the RVV-AE, also known as the R-77. The range of R-73’s range is 30 km and range
of its latest version, the RVV-MD, is 40 km. The same case with the R-77, which can hit targets at a distance
up to 80 km, while its latest version, the RVV-SD, can go up to 110 km.

India successfully test-fired indigenously developed nuclear-capable missile Prithvi-II on Thursday, 28 June
2019 as part of a user trial by the Army from a test range off the Odisha coast. The trial of the surface-to-
surface missile, which has a strike range of 350 km, was carried out from a mobile launcher from Launch


4 | DefInsights | July 2019

surface missile, which has a strike range of 350 km, was carried out from a mobile launcher from Launch
Complex-III of the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Chandipur. The missile can carry 500/100 kg of warheads
and is powered by liquid propulsion twin engines. The state-of-the-art missile uses an advanced inertial
guidance system with a manoeuvring trajectory to hit its target .

Raytheon is in late-stage talks to combine with United Technologies’ aerospace unit in an all-stock deal to
create a new company worth more than $100 billion, a tie-up that would consolidate the aviation and
defence sectors. United Technologies would gain footing in the cyber-security and defence sectors through
the deal. Raytheon and United Technologies have a combined market value of nearly $166 billion. United
Technologies has been beefing up its commercial aerospace business, which includes jet engine maker Pratt
and Whitney.

Elbit Systems, Adani Defence and Aerospace joint venture is close to signing a $180 million deal for
supplying various types of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) to the Philippines army. The UAVs involved
include Hermes 900 and Hermes 450 for long-range missions; Skylark-1 and Skylark-3 tactical UAVS for use
by field units for real time observation and intelligence gathering.

In a boost to the Centre's 'Make In India' drive, four to five overseas companies have evinced interest in
setting up plants in India to provide some of the raw materials used for manufacturing bulletproof jackets
for the Army. Indian companies producing bulletproof jackets import Chinese raw materials due to price
advantage. There are efforts going on now to invite collaboration from foreign companies who are willing to
set up companies in India to produce some of the raw materials used for manufacturing bulletproof jackets
for the Army. More than 3 lakh bulletproof jackets will be required by Indian armed forces. Indian
companies were earlier procuring raw materials for bulletproof jackets from the US and Europe. Now, most
of them are being obtained from China due to lower prices. Indian companies like Kanpur-based MKU and
TATA Advanced Materials export body armours to armed forces of many countries.

Bangalore-based SASMOS HET Technologies Limited is celebrating two major milestones - delivery of the
2,000th wiring harness assembly for the MICA programme, and delivery of the first wiring harness assembly
for the ASRAAM program- with European defence company MBDA. ASRAAM and MICA are air-to-air missiles
that meet the most demanding operational requirements and have been selected by the Indian Air Force.
SASMOS, a leading manufacturer of wiring harness, electro-mechanical assemblies and unit integration
products, first started working with MBDA on MICA in 2013 and has delivered 2,000 wiring harnesses on
time. I compliment Mr Chandrashekhar for this wonderful achievement. His shared vision of development ,
“Divide to Multiply”, really is inspiring.

The Ministry of Defence will soon introduce changes in the open general licence norms to boost exports out
of India. Authorities are working on two open general export licences and the entire process of seeking
permissions will be reduced. India's defence exports increased from Rs 1,500 crore in 2016-17 to Rs 11,000
crore in 2018-19 with 90 per cent of the products as components.

The Indian government with its ambitious target to achieve Rs 35,000 crore worth of military exports by
2025, has drawn up a list of 85 countries that it wants to promote its defence industry and has empowered
its defence attaches across the world to showcase Indian capabilities. In a new initiative, the defence

July 2019 | DefInsights | 5

its defence attaches across the world to showcase Indian capabilities. In a new initiative, the defence
attaches will be given an annual budget of up to $50,000 each for promoting exports of Made-in-India
defence products from both public and private sectors by participating in exhibitions, conducting market
studies, organising seminars and distributing publicity material. The nations that India believes have the
maximum potential of purchasing military equipment include Vietnam, Thailand, Bahrain, Bangladesh,
Afghanistan, UAE and Malaysia and many more.

Procurement of additional ten P8Is was cleared by the Services Capital Acquisition Plan Categorisation Higher
Committee (SCAPCHC), headed by the Chief of Integrated Staff or CISC, deal which is about Rs 22,500 crore
(USD 3.2 billion). This is likely to follow the FMS route.
The government is examining recommendations by top two advisory bodies (Niti Aayog and National
Security Advisory Board (NSAB) to move public sector units out of the supervision of the defence ministry as
there is an inherent conflict of interest that prevents full unlocking of the ‘Make in India’ initiative. While
defence comes under the authority of the Department of Defence Production, there have been frequent
complaints that they are given undue preference by the ministry for large orders. One of the proposals being
considered is to bring all defence PSUs — nine of which are under the administrative control of the ministry
under a single body that can be governed by a different ministry, like the ministry of heavy industries and
public enterprises.


6 | DefInsights | July 2019

Strengthening bilateral relations with the new Maldivian government, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi
is set to inaugurate 10 coastal surveillance radar stations across the Maldives that will enhance the Indian
Navy's maritime domain awareness (MDA) in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR). These radars are part of India's
"chain of radars", with Sri Lanka set to host six radars, Mauritius eight, and one such system would be
located in the Seychelles. These radars will generate live feeds of ship movements in the IOR.

China’s AV500 unmanned helicopter developed by Aviation Industry Corporation of China (AVIC) has
completed its first night operation on June 14, 2019, and is likely to be commissioned to service soon. AV500
unmanned helicopter is a light unmanned helicopter that can be equipped with laser-guided missiles and
machine guns. Its maximum takeoff weight is 500 kg with a payload of 190 kg, and its flying height is capable
of reaching 5,000 meters, boasting a maximum endurance of nine hours and a control radius of 200 km.

US aerospace company Raytheon had tested the AIM-9X Sidewinder, a short-range air-to-air missile, from
the NASAMS air defence system for the first time. NASAMS is the acronym for the National Advanced
Surface-to-Air Missile System, a mobile air defence system manufactured by Raytheon and Kongsberg, a
Norwegian company. India had begun the process to acquire an upgraded version of the NASAMS called the
NASAMS-II from the US, in a deal worth approximately Rs 6,000 crore. NASAMS is meant to shoot down
aircraft, drones and cruise missiles. The NASAMS test of the Sidewinder missile was conducted by the Royal
Norwegian Air Force in May 2019.

In the first indication that Russian missiles are being used by India's primary warplanes, including the Su-
30MKI and Mirage 2000, the Indian Air Force has started user trials of next generation air-to-air missiles
manufactured by Vympel, a subsidiary of Russia's consolidated JSC Tactical Missiles Corporation.

There is some good news from domestic industry side, the defence export authorisations in 2016-17 were
around INR 15 billion (USD 210 million). This increased to INR 46 billion (USD 658 million) during 2017-18
and exceeded INR 107.5 billion (USD 1.5 billion) in 2018-19. The export target for 2019-2020 is INR 200
billion (USD 2.9 billion). Additionally exporting defence and aerospace-related software/design services
amounting to between INR 150 to INR 200 billion (USD 2.16 billion to USD 2.9 billion) will provide necessary
boost to exports. A 600-strong start up ecosystem in defence and aerospace sectors since the launch of iDEX
scheme by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in April 2018. Besides the Indian Armed Forces, many foreign
countries have shown interest to work with Indian Defence startups. As IT/ software and related
technologies like IoT/AI/blockchain become increasingly relevant to defence and aerospace, we have no
doubt that India will become a big player in defence innovation and technology development.

June has been a great month, the Ministry of Defence, under the able leadership of Shri Rajnath Singh, has
delivered the vision and speed for the ministry to catch up. I think, we are in the best of times. Let us
optimise our Defence Sector, while the Sun Shines.

July 2019 | DefInsights | 7


8 | DefInsights | July 2019

Force Protection Part 2: Personnel
Protection and Counter-IED Systems

By Sohil Patel Force protection (FP) is preventive measures taken to mitigate hostile
actions against Defence Forces personnel, resources, facilities, and critical
information. In the last edition we got an understanding of Surveillance and
Perimeter protection, and associated technologies. Now we will look at the
other facets of FP, mainly 2. Personnel Protection and 3. Counter-IED

2. Personnel Protection

Soldier protection has been in place since time immemorial. Body armor
dates to antiquity. Siberian archaeological sites reveal body armor from at
least 3,500 years ago. Armor
has changed over time, from
plates of animal bones to
chain mail to today’s ceramic
armor, with the constant aim
to protect from contemporary
threats. In each case, armor
designs have balanced
protection and mobility, a
challenge that persists today.
Elements of protection have
been largely static –
predominantly a helmet and
body armor to protect the
vulnerable head and torso, but
design and materials have
improved to keep pace with
adversary weapons. Today’s
body armor consists of hard
ceramic plates to protect the
torso from high-velocity rifle
rounds, overlaid on top of soft
flexible armor to protect the
torso from blast fragments
and pistol rounds. Armor
systems also include optional
soft armor protection for the
groin, neck, and upper arms,
as well as a Kevlar helmet with ballistic protection from pistol rounds.

July 2019 | DefInsights | 9

There is also a high cost associated with personnel protection gear. As analyzed by DARPA, uniform
and equipment costs have grown exponentially while more importantly becoming more effective in
protecting the soldier with adverse kill ratio of 1:8 for the US Army. Over the past 15 years of war, as
body armor has evolved, it has nearly doubled in weight. As of 2016, the average total protective
equipment for a soldier weighed approximately 27 pounds (weight given for size medium body armor;
actual weight would vary by size). This equipment consists of a soft armor vest (7.5 pounds), hard
armor ballistic plates that are inserted into the armor (5.5 pounds each for front and back plates, plus
2.5 pounds each for side plates), and a helmet (3 pounds).

Body Armour
Body armor must continue to keep pace with threats as they evolve. Over time, personal armor systems have
increased their protection level to stay ahead of evolving threats. However, this added protection has generally
come with a corresponding increase in weight. Material improvements to decrease weight are typically


10 | DefInsights | July 2019

incremental, and any savings are often reinvested
into improved protection at the same weight. This
makes finding significant and lasting weight
reductions challenging.

The US Soldier Protection Systems (SPS) Program is
developing and demonstrating lightweight armour
material systems to defeat current and potential
ballistic and blast threats with performance
substantially better than today’s protective
armour systems. The SPS consists of the soft
armour Torso and Extremity Protection (TEP)
subsystem; the hard armour Vital Torso Protection
(VTP) subsystem; the Integrated Head Protection
System (IHPS) subsystem; and the Transition
Combat Eye Protection (TCEP) subsystem.

DMSRDE, Kanpur being the non-metallic material
lab and has developed personal protection
systems like bulletproof jacket, ballistic helmet,
boot anti mine infantry and blast protection suit
etc. for defence and other security forces. DRDO
has already designed and developed indigenous
Bullet Proof Jacket, for which DRDO has given ToT
to identified production agency. (Indian private


A combat helmet or battle helmet is a type of
helmet, a piece of personal armour designed
specifically to protect the head during combat.
Helmets are among the oldest forms of personal
protective equipment. Their materials and
construction became more advanced as weapons
became more and more powerful. militaries often
use high quality helmets made of ballistic
materials such as Kevlar and Twaron, which offer
improved protection. Some helmets also have
good non-ballistic protective qualities, against
threats such as concussive shock waves from

Many of today’s combat helmets have been
adapted for modern warfare requirements and

July 2019 | DefInsights | 11

adapted for modern warfare requirements and upgraded with STANAG rails to act as a platform for
mounting cameras, video cameras and VAS Shrouds for the mounting of night vision goggles (NVG) and
monocular night vision devices (NVD).
Traditional helmets have evolved to offer ever-better ballistic impact protection, but if the head is subject
to the blunt trauma or blast waves from an Improvised Explosive Device (IED) blast, traumatic brain injury
can result. The helmet system to counter such injury comprises three parts: a shock-absorbing liner to
absorb and dissipate the energy released in the collision; an inflatable system which individually fits the
solution to a range of head shapes; and a skull cap to provide additional comfort and help with sweat
Indian Armey has placed an order of about Rs 170 crore to procure 1.58 lakh high-tech ballistic helmets
that can withstand bullet fires and shrapnel hits. Many of them are also equipped with the communication
device. The helmets are being manufactured by MKU, which supplies military equipment to the UN and
NATO as well.
Defence Bioengineering and Electromedical Laboratory (DEBEL) has successfully designed and developed
integrated Aircrew Helmets meeting relevant MIL/DEF standards to protect the pilots against head injuries
and concussions during ejection and crash landings.

3. Counter-IED Systems

Counter-IED equipment and systems are used by armed forces for standoff detection of explosives and
explosive precursor components and defeating the Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) devices themselves
as part of a broader counter-terrorism, counter-insurgency, or law enforcement effort.
IEDs can be hidden anywhere: on animals, planted in roads or strapped to a person. They can be
detonated via cell phones or trip wires, among other methods. They can be deployed everywhere: in a
combat environment or in the middle of a busy city. The adaptability of IEDs to almost any situation makes
them difficult to detect and stop, which is why the armed forces, paramilitary and all stakeholders are
using several methods to increase counter IED capabilities.


12 | DefInsights | July 2019



Military robots are autonomous robots or remote-controlled mobile robots designed for military
applications, from transport to search & rescue and attack.

The US Army’s TALON robot transmits in color, black and
white, infrared, and/or night vision to its operator, who may
be up to 1,000 m away. The robot is controlled through a two-
way radio or a Fiber-optic link from a portable or wearable
Operator Control Unit (OCU) that provides continuous data
and video feedback for precise vehicle positioning. The (IED/
EOD) TALON Carries sensors and a robotic manipulator, which
is used by the U.S. Military for explosive ordnance disposal
and disarming improvised explosive devices.

Small Unmanned Ground Vehicles (SUGV) are lightweight, rugged,
specialized systems suitable for military applications in congested
urban settings to give users the ability to see around corners and
into tight spaces. Throwbots are rugged, highly portable, and
instantly and easily deployable reconnaissance robots.

Daksh is an electrically powered and remotely controlled robot used
for locating, handling and destroying hazardous objects safely.
Daksh is a battery-operated remote-controlled robot on wheels that
was created with a primary function of bomb recovery. Developed
by Defence Research and Development Organisation, it is fully
automated. It can navigate staircases, negotiate steep slopes,
navigate narrow corridors and tow vehicles to reach hazardous

Having already made a host of robots with varying uses, the Centre
for Artificial Intelligence (CAIR) is now in the process of developing
Multi Agent Robotics Framework (MARF)—which could be used in
scenarios like the Pathankot Attack—capable of providing myriad of
military applications.

Armoured Vehicles

Armored vehicles play a pivotal role in the modern battlefield from logistics, to reconnaissance, and
frontline combat. An armoured fighting vehicle (AFV) or armoured fighting vehicle is an armed combat vehicle

protected by armour, generally combining operational mobility with offensive and defencive capabilities. AFVs can be
wheeled or tracked. Main battle tanks, armoured cars, armoured self-propelled guns, and armoured personnel
carriers are all examples of AFVs.

Armoured fighting vehicles are classified according to their intended role on the battlefield and
characteristics. The classifications are not absolute; two countries may classify the same vehicle differently,
and the criteria change over time.

July 2019 | DefInsights | 13

Mine-Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) vehicles is a term for military light tactical vehicles produced
as part of the MRAP program that are designed specifically to withstand improvised explosive
device (IED) attacks and ambushes.

Troop-carrying AFVs are divided into three
main types – armoured personnel carriers
(APCs), infantry fighting vehicles (IFVs) and
infantry mobility vehicles (IMV). The main
difference between the three is their
intended role – the APC is designed purely to
transport troops and is armed for self-
defense only – whereas the IFV is designed to
provide close-quarters and anti-armour fire
support to the infantry it carries. IMV is a
wheeled armored personnel carrier serving as
a military patrol, reconnaissance or security

Tata Motors is the first private sector
OEM in India which has developed WhAP
(Wheeled Armoured Amphibious
Platform), an Infantry Combat Vehicle,
designed for optimised survivability, all-
terrain performance and increased
lethality jointly with the Indian Defence
Research and Development Organisation

14 | DefInsights | July 2019

Three labs of DRDO namely, CVRDE, VRDE and
RDE&E have done significant design and
development of armoured vehicles for the
armed forces.

The Indian armed forces are looking to
modernize their tracked armour fleet with
upgrades and 2 new programs, mainly the
FICV and the FRCV. Among the paramilitary
forces, CRPF and BSF have the largest
requirement of armoured vehicles in the next
5-10 years. The primary requirements are for
Light Bullet Proof Vehicles, Medium Bullet
Proof Vehicles and Mine Protected Vehicles

Electronic Countermeasures

The threat of Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) and Remote Controlled Improvised Explosive Devices
(RCIEDs) presents one of the most severe and devastating hazards to our forces in today’s military
operational areas.

Today there are field deployable systems which have been designed and developed to have minimal size,
weight and power requirements while providing simple operation and optimal performance in order to
provide force protection against radio-controlled IEDs. There
are jammer systems whose primary purpose is to defeat
existing Radio Frequency (RF) threats and newly identified
Hard-to-Kill RF threats.

BEL has developed Convoy Jammer system which is designed
to mute the RCIEDs working in V/UHF bands. The system has
been designed to jam all the vulnerable band of the
spectrum where the probability of terrorist/ anti-national
activities is more. The system uses different jamming
techniques as an excitation signal for different bands.

Detection Systems

Because the components of these devices are being used in a manner not intended by their
manufacturer, and because the method of producing the explosion is limited only by the science and
imagination of the perpetrator, it is not possible to follow a step-by-step guide to detect and disarm a
device that an individual has only recently developed.

A variety of technologies are used to detect landmines, improvised explosive devices (IED) and
unexploded ordnance (UXO), including acoustic sensors, animals and biologically-based detection
systems, chemical sensors, electromagnetic sensors and hyperspectral sensor analysis and generalized
radar technique.

July 2019 | DefInsights | 15

Industry Buzz

Expression of Interest For six P 75(i) Submarines for Indian Navy
As a major initiative towards ‘Make in India’, the Government immediately on taking over has issued the
Expression of Interest(s) for shortlisting of potential Indian Strategic Partners (SPs) for “Construction of six
Conventional Submarines” for P-75(I) Project of the Indian Navy on 20 Jun 19. The project cost is about Rs
45,000 Crores. This is the second project being undertaken under the latest Strategic Partnership (SP)
Model, with the first being the procurement of 111 Naval Utility Helicopters (NUH). This would provide a
major boost to the indigenous design and construction capability of submarines in India, in addition to
bringing in the latest submarine design and technologies as part of the project. The case was approved by
the Defence Acquisition Council on 31 Jan 19. The EoI for shortlisting of Indian Strategic Partners has been
uploaded on MoD and Indian Navy websites. The EoI for shortlisting of OEMs will be issued in two weeks.
The potential SPs are expected to respond to the EoI within two months. The Indian companies would be
shortlisted based on their capability for integration of system of systems, expertise in shipbuilding domain
and the financial strength. The OEMs would be shortlisted primarily based on their submarine design
meeting the Indian Navy’s Qualitative Requirements and qualifying the Transfer of Technology and
Indigenous Content (IC) criteria.

Software Defined Radios
A major milestone in the indigenous series production of advanced technology Software Defined Radios
(SDRs) has been achieved by signing the Contract with M/s BEL for induction of Software Defined Radios for
Indian Navy at the cost of Rs 488 crore on June 18, 2019 by Ministry of Defence.

16 | DefInsights | July 2019

The SDRs have been designed and developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)
in association with various agencies like Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (CDAC), Centre for
Artificial Intelligence & Robotics (CAIR) and Weapon and Electronics System Engineering Establishment
(WESEE) of the Indian Navy. The SDRs will be manufactured by M/s Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL).
As part of the contract, present hardware based legacy communication sets will be replaced by software
based multi-band, multi-functional and multi-role/mission radios to improve information sharing and
situational awareness through secure communication means. Being indigenous, the SDRs are associated
with indigenous waveforms designed to provide wide range of frequency usage and a major capability
Long Range Ammo from the US for Indian Army
The Indian Army, in its plans and efforts to fortify its position along the LoC is looking to acquire the
Excalibur guided long- range artillery ammunition from the US.
The Excalibur ammunition was developed in the US for improving the accuracy of the artillery shells in the
war in Afghanistan which the Americans have been fighting for almost two decades now. Excalibur is used to
minimize collateral damage, for targets beyond the range of standard munitions, for precise firing within
150 metres (490 ft) of friendly troops, or when firing in a straight line from the launching cannon is limited
by terrain. It has a multi-function fuze that can be programmed to explode in the air, once it hits a hard
surface, or after it penetrates inside a target. One Excalibur projectile can accurately hit an intended target
that would require the use of between 10 and 50 unguided artillery rounds. The munition was co-developed
by United States-based Raytheon Missile Systems (guidance system) and the Swedish BAE Systems
Bofors (body, base, ballistics and payload). Excalibur has a range of approximately 40 to 57 kilometres (25 to
35 mi) depending on configuration, with a circular error probable (CEP) of around 5 metres
The ammunition is being acquired for the units deployed along the Line of Control where Pakistan insistently
resorts to artillery shelling. The Army has been inducting the US-made BAE’s M-777 ultra-light howitzers
which are compatible with the Excalibur ammunition.

July 2019 | DefInsights | 17

Raksha Mantri approves participation of private sector industries apart from OFBs and DPSUs for
RM’s Awards for excellence
In a major boost to the ‘Make in India’ initiative in Defence and Aerospace sector, Raksha Mantri Shri
Rajnath Singh accords approval to allow Private Sector industry compete with Ordnance Factories and
Defence Public Sector Units (DPSUs) for the prestigious Raksha Mantri’s Awards for Excellence. This is a
significant departure from the past wherein only OFB Units and DPSUs competed only amongst each other
for the Annual Raksha Mantri’s Awards, and the Private Sector industry was not eligible for any national
level award competition.
The revised format includes awards in Institutional and Individual/Team category for Excellence in
Technological Breakthroughs, Indigenization/Import Substitution and Excellence in Exports. Separate sub-
categories for Large, Medium, Small and Start-Up segments have been included to provide a level playing
field for competition. The amount of Cash Award has also been significantly increased in case of Individual/
Team Awards.
The nominations for awards will be invited on-line and a web portal will be developed for uploading and
management of applications. The selection process will include assessment by an Expert Committee/Jury of
eminent experts. A separate cell for handling all activities pertaining to Raksha Mantri’s Awards will be
opened under Director General of Quality Assurance (DGQA).

Defence Ministry issues Rs 2000 crore tender for critical heavyweight torpedoes for submarines
Seeking to boost the Indian Navy's firepower, the Defence Ministry has issued a tender worth over Rs 2000
crore for buying around 100 heavyweight torpedoes which would be equipped on the force's six Scorpene-
class submarines being built at the Mumbai-based Mazagon dockyards.
As per the details of the project, the immediate requirement of the Navy for heavyweight torpedoes would
be met by the acquisition to be made through the foreign vendors while the long-term bulk requirement
would be fulfilled through the 'Made in India' route.
The DRDO is also looking forward to using heavyweight torpedo as the next version of its light torpedoes for
submarines and surface ships.


18 | DefInsights | July 2019

Kalyani Rafael JV Bags $100 Million Barak-8 MRSAM Order For Indian Military

The $100 million order for 1000 Barak-8 MRSAM systems placed by the Indian Army and Indian Air Force has
been bagged by Hyderabad-based Kalyani Rafael Advanced Systems Ltd (KRAS), BusinessLine has reported.
The kits will be supplied to Bharat Dynamics Ltd (BDL) which will integrate them with the present defence

“This order is a testimony to the capabilities that exists in the country and how they can be utilised to truly
achieve the aim of ‘Make in India’. We are confident of executing many more such orders” Baba Kalyani,
chairman of the Kalyani Strategic Systems Ltd said.

“The facility near Hyderabad was set up in August 2017 and has now bagged a $100-million order. We plan
to expand our facilities and capabilities as a systems integrator, while broadening the product range” he

KRAS is the result of a 49:51 joint venture between Israeli Rafael Advanced Systems and Indian Kalyani
Group with its first production facility located in Hyderabad. The Kalyani group has reportedly been
supplying components and sub-systems to the defence forces in the past, and has now developed into a
complete systems provider.

Initiative & Agreement to Boost IP Culture in Indian Defence

In order to boost the IP culture in the Indian defence industry, the concerned Indian government agencies
have signed an agreement to strengthen the Indian IP rights within the defence industry. The government
departments which have signed this agreement are Defence Production’s (DDP’s) Intellectual Property
Facilitation Cell (IPFC) and the Ministry of Science and Technology’s National Research Development
Corporation (NRDC).

The MoD said the partnership between the IPFC and NRDC is “expected to bridge [a] capacity shortfall and
provide a major fillip to the ongoing efforts of [the] MoD towards promoting a culture of innovation and IP
rights in India’s defence industry”.

The agreement is intended to enable the two agencies to support domestic defence companies to file
patents for defence technologies and to commercialise related products and IPs.

India set to sign US-like defence logistics sharing pact with Russia

India is close to inking a key defence logistics sharing pact which will place it as a rare nation that has such a
strategic agreement with both of the old cold war rivals – the US and Russia. India and Russia are finalising a
defence agreement that will simplify interoperability and enable military platforms to receive support and
supplies across bases in both nations.

The Agreement on Reciprocal Logistics Support (ARLS) is being seen as an important practical step that could
be signed at the upcoming meeting between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Vladimir Putin at
the Eastern Economic Forum in Vladivostok, Russia in early September.

The sources also said that it will pave the way for further India-Russia joint collaborations – similar to ones
made for BrahMos cruise missiles, Kamov helicopters and the AK-203 rifles factory in Amethi.

Initially, Russia had suggested having separate IGAs for planes, helicopters, armoured vehicles, anti- missile
systems, naval and (aircraft carrier) Vikramaditya. However, India pushed for a comprehensive single IGA
which encompasses all.

July 2019 | DefInsights | 19

Defence Procurement Procedure Primer

Part 15 – Defence Procurement Procedure for
‘Make’ Category - Chapter III

Continued from Part 14. Chapter III outlines the procedure for procurement
under Make category, more specifically Make I category. (Chapter IIIA
outlines procedure for Make II).

Annual Acquisition Plan (AAP)-Make

By Sohil Patel A dedicated Annual Acquisition Plan (AAP), on the same lines as explained in
Chapter I of DPP, will be prepared for schemes under ‘Make’ category. It will

be a two year roll on plan. Potential projects identified by SHQ, shall be

deliberated by a Collegiate Committee headed by Secretary (DP) with members from SHQs, DDP, DoD,

DRDO, MoD (Fin)/IFA and will be 'Approved in Principle' for hosting on MoD I DDP's Website.

Feasibility Studies

SHQ would be responsible for undertaking feasibility studies of all projects under AAP-‘Make.’ The aim of
this study would be to identify the projects which Indian Industry has the capability to design and develop,
within the timeframe required by the respective Services.

The Feasibility Study shall include following aspects:

(a) Long-term interests of MoD for indigenous development of capabilities, both in terms of manufacturing
and technologies, within the Indian industry.

(b) A preliminary assessment of enabling technologies to realise the requisite equipment/system/platform/
components or their upgrades; and their availability or accessibility to Indian industry.

(c) A preliminary assessment of capability of Indian industry to undertake design and development of the
requisite equipment/system/platform or their upgrades; and likely achievable indigenous content at
prototype stage as well as production stage.

(d) Estimated time period for development.

(e) A preliminary assessment of capability of Indian industry with respect to quantities envisaged for
procurement during the ‘Buy (Indian-IDDM)’ phase and timelines.

(f) Estimated Cost of prototype development phase and for subsequent procurement phase under ‘Buy
(Indian-IDDM)’ category.

(g) Suggested sub-category under ‘Make’ procedure.

(h) Number of DAs to be selected based on the cost of prototype development, quantities required or any
other consideration. (Feasibility Study will generally recommend not more than two DAs, however in
exceptional case, with due justifications, can recommend three DAs).

(j) Exit Criteria.


20 | DefInsights | July 2019

Preliminary Services Qualitative Requirements (PSQRs)

Based on the feasibility study, the SHQ concerned would formulate the PSQRs, specifying essential and
desirable parameters. The essential parameters of PSQRs of equipment would be of proven technologies
available in Indian/world market.

Categorisation and Accord of AoN

Statement of Case: The SHQs will prepare SoC and submit the same to HQ IDS, which would examine
aspects of interoperability and commonality of equipment for the services.

The SHQs/initiating departments, will refer the cases to SCAPCC/SCAPCHC as the case may be. The
SCAPCC will refer the SoC for according AoN to SCAPCHC for an estimated cost up to ₹ 300 Crores. For
cases beyond ₹ 300 Crores the SHQs/initiating departments will refer cases to the SCAPCHC, which will
carry out the task of categorisation, based on the recommendations of SHQs/initiating departments and
refer the cases between ₹ 300 Crores to ₹ 500 Crores to the DPB and refer cases beyond ₹ 500 Crores to
DAC for accord of AoN.

Following would be highlighted by the SHQ in the SoC seeking AoN:-

(a) Estimated time period.

(b) Estimated development cost.

(c) Likely production cost.

(d) Recommended sub-category under the ‘Make’ category.

(e) Recommended level of Indigenous Content.

(f) If any vendor has offered to suo-moto take up development under a sub-category lower than the
one being recommended.

(g) Likely DAs.

(h) Quantity of order to be placed, post the successful development of prototype.

(j) Tentative time frame of procurement.

(k) Acceptability of multiple technical solutions and division of ordered quantity among successful

Validity of AoN

AoN for ‘Make’ category projects will be valid for one year. For all sub-categories where EoI is not issued
within one year from accord of AoN, SHQ would have to move a case for revalidation of AoN with due
justification for not processing the case on time.

Constitution of IPMT

Once AoN is accorded for acquisition under ‘Make’ category, the Department of Defence Production
(DDP)/SHQ will constitute an IPMT under Head of Make-PMU or suitable officer belonging to the

July 2019 | DefInsights | 21

Business Opportunities : July 2019




1 Call for Expression of Interest for 1st August 2019 CSL SR/CSL-MSRU/EOI/2019 EoI

participation in Partial turnkey

offloading of Ship Repair work at

Cochin Shipyard Mumbai Ship

Repair Unit (CMSRU).

2 High Performance Computing 19th August DRDO DL/ST/1602/2019-20/ENQ RFP-Open

System 2019 -67

3 Fabrication of Mechanical Com- 19th August DRDO 12901TS1920R068 RFP-Open

ponents 2019

4 Wireless Data Acquisition System 31st July 2019 DRDO-ARDE ARDE/20ATT025/CMS-II RFP-Open

5 FPGA Evaluation Hardware and 12th August DRDO 12901S1920R072 RFP-Open

Software 2019

6 Development and Installation of 30th July 2019 DRDO- ANURAG/20ATT0005/19- RFP-Open

Differential Phase Shift Quantum ANURAG 20

Key Distribution (DPS-QKD)

7 Oil Fired Boiler Chimney Repair- 26TH July 2019 DDP- Gun 107MMETT19002742 RFP-Open

ing (Fabrication and Erection and Shell

Painting Tension Rope Changing Factory, Cos-

and Fixing as Per Scope of Work sipore

8 Supply, Installation and Commis- 05th August OFB 19TE320118 RFP-Open

sioning of Thyristor Power Con- 2019

troller of Bogie Hearth Annealing


9 (i) M.S.Angle Size-40X40X6MM 06th August DDP- O. F. 190112_CPPP RFP-Open

(ii) M.S.Flat Size 10MM X 100MM 2019 Bhandara

(iii) Mild Steel Sheet 16MM Thick

10 Procurement of Bullet Resistant 04th September DG,BSF,MHA P-4/205/PC(CTS)/ Global Ten-

Helmet Qty 21300 Nos - Nos 2019 BSF/2019/880 ders

Medium size- 10649 and Large

size-10651 Nos

11 Supply and installation of 60 Nos 1st August 2019 DG,BSF,MHA Prov(TPT)/Ftr ODA/TE/BP RFP-Open

NIJ level III BP glass in various glasses/2019/9321

types of existing 6 Nos Mine pro-

tected vehicles (MPVs) of BSF

12 Multicore Embedded Processing 05th August DRDO-CHESS CHESS/BU/R/2019-20/ST/

Board 2019 OT/11 RFP-Open

13 Rugged PXI based System 05th August DRDO-CHESS CHESS/BU/C/2019-20/ST/

2019 OT/13 RFP-Open

14 Partial armouring (Fabrication) of 22nd July 2019 DG,CRPF,MH L-VII-07/2019-20-44-MT RFP-Open

Truck A

15 ERP/BD/OT/Specialised Program- 1st August 2019 GRSE ERP/BD/OT/Specialised RFP-Open

ming/N.ET-0752 Programming/N.ET-0752

22 | DefInsights | July 2019

Business Opportunities : July 2019


16 Notice Inviting Expression of In- 25th July 2019 GSL EOI No. O10/ EoI
terest for Empanelment of Firms
for Design and Identifying Suita- COMP/02/01 dtd
ble Production Agencies for Man-
ufacture of Composite Parts In
Collaboration with GSL. GSL G22/DLM/ National
17 Supply of IAC Mod C INTEGRAT- 29th July 2019
ED FIRING CONTROL SYSTEM. P1135.6/233 dated Competitive
Detailed scope is uploaded as
Enclosure - 1 27.06.2019 Bid
18 Supply of Indigenous Navigation 18th July 2019
Complex. Detailed scope is up- GSL G22/DLM/ National
loaded as Enclosure - 1
19 Supply , Installation , commis- 05th August 2019 P1135.6/406 dated Competitive
sioning and testing of 76mm
SRGM and accessories 18.06.2019 Bid
20 Supply of Over Voltage Test Set 09th August 2019
Prototype and Over Voltage Test GSL G25/KLG/ P1135.6/01 National
Set Indigenous
Supply installation and commis- 30th July 2019 dated 03.06.2019 Competitive
21 sioning of Thermal Array Data
Recorder as per the technical Bid
Specification of the Tender
Development of Voltage Injector 19th July 2019 HAL A/BA2/1707-11778/1 RFP-Open
22 Test Set Voltage Regulator and
Box Warning Purpose HAL D/IMM/ RFP-Open
23 Indigenization of Various Items 30th July 2019
Indigenous design development 8th August 2019 HAL A/BA3/1707-11681/ RFP-Open
24 and supply of Wander Light for JAG
Procurement of Voyage Data 31st July 2019 HAL A/BA3/1913-27/01/ RFP-Open
25 Recorder for ICGS SAMUDRA HAWK/2019
26 EOI for selection of SP for P-75(I) 21st August 2019 IND/ALH-BP-12178/19
27 Manufacture and Supply of 1st August 2019
Check Fire System Indian Coast LPC(W)/2301/NAC-16/ RFP-Open
28 Supply of MS Plates and MS 07th August 2019
Channels for Launching 12651 Guard NSL-04
29 Supply, Installation and Commis- 19th July 2019
sion Network Switches and Ac- Indian Navy EOI/P75(I) EoI
cess Points for Internet Bays MDSL (MDL) 1600000775 RFP-Open
30 EOI for design collaboration with 17th July 2019 MDSL RFP-Open
HSL for future projects HSL 1600000779 RFP-Open

HSL MP/Q/000176/19-20 EoI
DTD 09/07/2019


July 2019 | DefInsights | 23

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