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DefInsights - Sugosha Newsletter Jun 2019

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Published by sohilpat, 2019-12-18 01:28:08

DefInsights - Sugosha Newsletter Jun 2019

DefInsights - Sugosha Newsletter Jun 2019


Border & Perimeter Security



Force Protection : Border & Industry Buzz
Perimeter Security
P 16
P 10
DPP Primer: Part 14
From the MDs Desk
P 20
P 02
Business Opportunities
P 22
2 | DefInsights | Jun 2019

From the MD’s Desk

Mrs. Shanti Kuber Indian electorate has come out with a massive mandate for progress and
capability enhancement and that is what we at Sugosha would focus as we go
ahead from here. It is a now or never situation, Indian Defence Industry has just
five years to do what has to be done and then we would find ourselves in an
irreversible path to ascendancy.

From the Armed Forces Corner

I am happy to report the newly acquired skill by Indian Navy in rescue of submarines through an
indigenous DSRV(Deep Sea rescue Vessel) and live mating exercise in what was called as a historic
achievement towards DSRV integration into the Indian Navy to pave way for Indian Navy to emerge as a
Submarine Rescue Provider in the Indian Ocean Region. This is by far among the greatest capability we
as a nation have acquired. To date, the Indian Navy has relied on a 1997 contract with the US for
assistance if one of its submarines were to meet with an accident underwater. In such a situation, the
US Navy would fly out its Deep Submarine Rescue Vessels (DSRVs) on massive transport aircraft before
being transferred to a ship that would need to sail to the accident site.

Indian Navy’s Deep Submergence Rescue Vehicle (DSRV) – built with the help of the UK's James Fisher &
Sons – undertook a drill, including personnel transfer from the bottomed submarine Sindhudhvaj, which
was simulating a submarine in distress, to surface using the DSRV. The Indigenous DSRV has the
capability to rescue personnel from a distressed submarine (DISSUB) up to a depth of 650 metres. It is
the latest in terms of technology and capabilities. Prior to the induction of the DSRV, the Indian Navy
lost two Kilo-class submarines – INS Sindhurakshak and INS Sindhuratna – with a large number of sailors
on board in 2013 and 2014. It is considered that the Navy lost many of its sailors in the accidents mainly
due to the absence of modern rescue vessels that support deep sea diving for a prolonged period. With
the availability of the DSRV, the Indian Navy can now quickly deploy its submarine rescue systems on
board ships or fly them out on the Indian Air Force's own C-17 heavy transport jets. Soon, the DSRV will
receive support from 118-metre-long diving support vessels with a roughly 7,650-tonne displacement
capacity being built at the state-owned Hindustan Shipyard Limited.

Other news from Navy side is that, INS Vishal was conceived as a 65,000 tonne aircraft carrier,
embarking 55 aircraft and costing Rs 60,000 crore. After the MoD objected to the cost, the navy
downsized the proposal to a 50,000-tonne carrier costing about Rs 50,000 crore. But the MoD remains
unwilling to accord funding or sanction. INS Vishal has remained stalled since 2017, with India’s ministry
of defence (MoD) declining to accord financial clearance. Scorpene class submarine Vela, equipped with
modern machinery and technology to guard the seas, was launched in Mumbai on Monday, May 06,
2019. It is the fourth submarine to be launched by the state-owned Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited
(MDL) after entering into a contract for the construction and transfer of technology for six Scorpene
class submarines with French collaborator Ms Naval Group (formerly known as DCNS). The Indian
Defence Ministry’s approval of a plan to purchase 10 Kamov KA-31 helicopters from Russia suggests that
several new large ships would come on stream in the next couple of years which would need the

Jun 2019 | DefInsights | 3

the airborne radar support provided by this unique rotorcraft. Among significant ship building projects, the
Indian Navy is expected to start trials of the Indigenous aircraft carrier (IAC)-1 next year. The future Indian
KA-31s would be equipped with the home-made Sarang electronic support measures (ESM). The Sarang ESM
comprises several antennae types mounted at various points on the airframe to obtain 360 degree
coverage. Russian arms exporter, Rosoboronexport designates KA-31 as a ‘radar picket helicopter’, it is
designed to detect air targets surface ships, track and identify them, as well as provide automatic data
transmission to ground and ship-based command and control centres. The first cooperative engagement
firing of the Medium Range Surface to Air Missile (MRSAM) or Barak-8 was held on the Western Seaboard.
The missiles were fired from Indian Naval Ships Kochi and Chennai engaging multiple aerial targets at
extended ranges. The MRSAM system has an intercept range between 70-100 km, and carries an active
radar seeker, dual pulse rocket motor and a bi-directional data link for mid-course guidance and kill

The US State Department has approved the sale of 24 Lockheed Martin MH-60R anti-submarine helicopters
to India, paving the way for final negotiations to set the price and what on-board equipment and weapons
will be required by the Indian Navy. The Defence Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA) of the State
Department announced approval on April 2, under the Foreign Military Sale (FMS) programme “for an
estimated $2.6 billion” for the multi-mission helicopters. the Indian Navy will get one of the most advanced
Anti-submarine helicopters, equipped with Raytheon’s MK-54 torpedoes, Lockheed Martin’s Hellfire
missiles, Advanced Precision Kill Weapon System (APKWS) and its Rockets, Night Fighting systems,
sophisticated radars and secure communication devices. This is followed up by an LOA (Letter of
Acceptance) to the GoI by USG, which is expected to have happened in the last week of May 2019. The
contract is likely to be signed in three months.

The Rs 21,738 crore procurement of 111 light Naval Utility Helicopters (NUH) is on track to be the first big
procurement since the announcement of SP policy. On Thursday, 30 May, 2019 the last day for vendors to
submit responses to an Express of Interest (EoI) floated by the defence ministry on February 12, 2019 at
least three international original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) submitted proposals to build their
helicopters through an Indian industry designated as “strategic partner” (SP). The OEMs who have
responded include Lockheed Martin, Airbus and Bell Helicopters. This NUH acquisition, which the defence
ministry green lighted on August 25, 2018, is the first one being processed under the SP procurement model.
The proposal for building 111 helicopters allows the OEM to deliver the first 16 from its home production
facility, but at least 95 helicopters must be manufactured in India with an ambitious level of 60 per cent
indigenisation stipulated.

The Indian Army will induct an additional 464 Russian-origin upgraded T-90 ‘Bhishma’ main-battle tanks at a
cost of Rs 13,448 crore in the 2022-2026 time frame to bolster its “shock and awe” capabilities on the
western front. The Army already has around 1,070 T-90 tanks as well as 124 ‘Arjun’ and 2,400 older T-72
tanks in its 67 armoured regiments. The T-90 'Bhishma tanks will be made at Heavy Vehicle Factory, (HVF), in
Avadi near Chennai. Pakistan also has plans to upgrade its existing mechanised forces, which includes over
50 armoured regiments of Ukrainian T-80UD and Chinese-origin tanks. It wants to acquire new Russian T-90
tanks and indigenously produce others with China’s help. India has already procured additional laser-guided
Invar missiles and 125mm APFSDS (armour piercing fin-stabilised discarding sabot) ammunition for its T-90


4 | DefInsights | Jun 2019

Hanwha's K-30 Biho (Flying Tiger) twin 30 mm short range, mobile self-propelled anti-aircraft system,
manufactured by Hanwha, has been selected by the Indian Army following a competition that included
Russia’s Tunguska-M1 which has a range of up to 10 kilometres, and the Pantsir-S1 ‘Greyhound’. The K-30
Biho, in addition to its 30 mm auto-cannon, has LIG NX1 Chiron missiles, a TPS-830K search and tracking
radar, and advanced Electro-optical sights fire control. The expected quantities are 104 K-30 Biho systems,
plus 97 ammunition carriers, 39 command vehicles and ammunition with a value of KRW 3 trillion $2.6 billion
(KRW 3 trillion). This is the first export sale of the system by Korea.

The Indian Army is looking for the purchase of nearly 12,000 telescopic sights for new assault rifles. A
proposal for the same is likely to be cleared by a high-level committee very shortly. These telescopic sights
will be fitted onto the new generation Sig Sauer assault rifles that India wants. A contract for 72,000 rifles
have already been signed and the delivery is likely within a year. These 7.62 x 51 mm sights will cost about Rs
170 crore. Besides the sights, 50 Field Artillery tractors are also likely to be bought, to add to the 100 already
acquired and also, for the Indian Air Force (IAF) Crypto modules for its Software Design Radios.

The Indian Army has also begun its hunt for new light machine guns (LMG) as an army-led team is visiting
three countries to procure about 17,000 such guns for the infantry under the fast track procedure. First visit
Bulgaria, where it will meet representatives from Arsenal, a gun and ammunition manufacturer. It will then
go to Israel for the Israel Weapon Industries (IWI) and then to South Korea for S&T Motiv. It is visiting these
manufacturers because they had responded with their bids to the army’s request for procuring 16,400 LMGs
under the fast track procedure (FTP). US-based Sig Sauer had also submitted its bid but won’t have the
production capacity for the new LMGs due to its existing order for 72,400 assault rifles for the Indian Army
under the FTP and a few more orders. The army is looking at procuring an LMG with a calibre of 7.62x51mm,
which will replace the in-service INSAS LMG that has a calibre of 5.56x45mm

India’s first high capacity indigenous long range 155mm/52 gun and Dhanush’s supplement ATAGS (Advanced
Towed Artillery Gun System) firing user trials of next stage began from Friday, May 24, 2019 at Pokhran field
firing range of Jaisalmer district. The Indian Army has begun finalising the preliminary specifications
qualitative requirements (PSQR). Two guns are currently undergoing trials and two more guns will have their
trials in a month. The PSQR should be ready by July. Till now there is a sanction for production of 10 guns as
part of the development process. The gun currently weighs about 18 tonnes while the ideal weight for the
army would be 14-15 tonnes. ATAGS is being developed by DRDO on two parallel tracks – one prototype in
partnership with TATA Power and another with Kalyani Group (Bharat Forge). The defence ministry has
already approved in-principle purchase of 150 of these guns at an approximate cost of Rs. 3,365 crore.

Elite units of the Indian Army, equipped with deadly new sniper rifles, have been deployed along the Line of
Control with Pakistan after special training from American and Italian experts. The units carrying the
Beretta .338 Lapua Magnum Scorpio TGT and the Barrett .50 calibre M95 have been deployed at the LoC. The
US-made Barrett M95 is an anti-material rifle which has a range of 1,800 metres. An anti-material rifle means
the bullet can actually pierce through metal. The other rifle handed to troops along the LoC is the Victrix
Armaments .338 Lapua Magnum Scorpio TGT, owned by Italian firm Beretta. The Scorpio TGT uses the .338
Lapua Magnum (8.6×70mm or 8.58×70mm), a rimless, bottle-necked, centre-fire rifle cartridge. The long-
awaited decision on the close-quarter-battle carbines (CQB), worth $130 million, will be taken by the new
government. The Oversight Committee has already submitted its report to the Ministry of Defence (MoD)

Jun 2019 | DefInsights | 5

urging a re-look at the requirement for the CQBs. The actual deal is for $130 million and if the life cycle costs
for fifteen years is included as well spares it totals to $530 million almost a lakh plus CQBs. The procurement
of the CQBs for the modernisation of the Infantry arm of the Indian Army was put on the Fast Track
Procurement (FTP) process.

The Indian Air Force (IAF) is planning to buy an advanced version of the Spice-2000 bomb, which can be used
to reduce enemy buildings and bunkers to rubbles in no time. It is expected that the acquisition of an
advanced version of Spice-2000 would be done through the emergency powers granted to the three
services. The emergency powers give the three services authorities to buy any equipment of their choice
worth up to Rs 300 crore. IAF is planning to acquire an advanced version of Spice-2000 bomb from Israel
which is one of the main weapon and ammunition supplier of the Air Force. A SPICE bomb has a standoff
range of 60 kilometres and approaches the target as its unique scene-matching algorithm compares the
electro-optical image received in real-time via the weapon seeker with mission reference data stored in the
weapon computer memory and adjusts the flight path accordingly.

First Apache Guardian helicopter was formally handed over to the Indian Air Force at Boeing production
facility in Mesa, Arizona, USA on Friday, May 10, 2019. IAF had signed a contract with US Government and
M/s Boeing Ltd in Sep 2015 for 22 Apache helicopters. The first batch of these helicopters is scheduled to be
shipped to India by July this year. Selected aircrew and ground crew have undergone training at the training
facilities at US Army base Fort Rucker, Alabama. These personnel will lead the operationalisation of the
Apache fleet in the IAF. The addition of AH-64 E (I) helicopter is a significant step towards modernisation of
Indian Air Force's helicopter fleet. The helicopter has been customised to suit IAF's future requirements and
would have significant capability in mountainous terrain. The helicopter has the capability to carry out
precision attacks at standoff ranges and operate in hostile airspace with threats from ground.

The Indian Air Force (IAF) successfully test fired 1,000 pound (450kg) Smart Anti-Tank guided bomb CBU-105
through upgraded Jaguar fighter aircraft at Pokhran Test Firing Range in Jaisalmer on Sunday, May 19, 2019.
CBU-105 is a sensor fused weapon of 1,000 pound (450 Kg) which is dropped with the help of GPS. In 2010
the Indian government placed an order of 512 bombs which were delivered by American production
company, Textron Defence System. To use them the Jaguar fighter aircraft were upgraded with new Drain III
Navigation and Combat system. Upgraded Jaguar fighter aircraft can carry 4-6 sensor fused bomb (CBU-105)
on enemy targets. Now upgraded Jaguar will be termed as Deep Penetration Strike Aircraft.

The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) conducted successful flight test of ABHYAS -
High-speed Expendable Aerial Target (HEAT) drone, from Interim Test Range (ITR) in Odisha’s Chandipur on
Tuesday, May 14, 2015. The flight test was tracked by various RADARS and Electro Optic Systems and proved
its performance in fully autonomous way point navigation mode. ABHYAS is drone involving designed for
autonomous flight with the help of an autopilot. The configuration of ABHYAS is designed on an in-line small
gas turbine engine and uses indigenously developed MEMS based navigation system for its navigation and
guidance. Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) on Monday, 25th May, 2019
successfully test-fired surface-to- air missile Akash-IS with an indigenous seeker. The Defence Research and
Development Organisation (DRDO) today, May 24, 2019 successfully test fired an indigenously-developed
500 kg inertially-guided bomb at the Pokhran test firing range in Rajasthan. The bomb hit its target at 30 km


6 | DefInsights | Jun 2019

with high precision.

To promote the ease of doing business and give a fillip to the ‘Make in India’ programme, the Ministry of
Defence (MoD) has allowed private industrial units and PSUs to self-certify the quality of items being
supplied by them to the armed forces.

The TATA group and a joint venture (JV) between Larsen & Toubro (L&T) and European missile manufacturer
MBDA have received approvals from the Indian government to establish defence production facilities in
separate locations in southern India. Adani Defence Systems and Technologies has concluded the acquisition
of Alpha Design Technologies Limited (ADTL). ADTL specialises in the development and production of
systems including electronic warfare (EW), avionics, training and simulation, and radars. ADTL has two
operational joint ventures (JVs) with foreign companies. Its JV with Elbit Systems produces subsystems,
assemblies, and components for Elbit products such as unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) etc., while its JV
with Italian company Electronica produces phased-array jammers for fighter aircraft. The capabilities of
Adani Defence Systems and Technologies stretch across aerospace, electronics, composites, and
aerostructures, emerges as a formidable company in the Indian Defence Sector. Adani Defence Systems and
Technologies has concluded the acquisition of Bangalore-based Alpha Design Technologies Limited (ADTL).
ADTL specialises in the development and production of systems including electronic warfare (EW), avionics,
training and simulation, and radars. The consolidated annual turnover of ADTL was INR4.19 billion in 2015–
16, INR2.1 billion in 2016–17, and INR2.18 billion in 2017–18. ADTL has two operational joint ventures (JVs)
with foreign companies. Its JV with Elbit Systems produces subsystems, assemblies, and components for
Elbit products such as unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) etc., while its JV with Italian company Elettronica
produces phased-array jammers for fighter aircraft. The capabilities of Adani Defence Systems and
Technologies stretch across aerospace, electronics, composites, and aerostructures. AI Aeronautics was
launched six months back by a team of four engineers with a seed investment of Rs 15 lakh. The start-up has
come up with a customised flying platform that can be used in reconnaissance, aerial 3D mapping for survey,
smart agriculture and disaster management. The hybrid UAV that AI Aeronautics has developed can fly up to
two hours within a 40 km radius. Tech Mahindra announced its biggest defence order worth over Rs 300
crore with the Indian Navy. As part of the ‘Armed Forces Secure Access Card’ (AFSAC) Project, Tech
Mahindra will implement RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) based Access Control System across all naval
bases and ships.

Happy reading, we are in good times.

Jun 2019 | DefInsights | 7


8 | DefInsights | Jun 2019


Shri Rajnath Singh took over the responsibility as the Defence Minister, ON 1st Jun 2019. On his arrival at
the Ministry of Defence in South Block, Shri Rajnath Singh was received by the Minister of State for Defence
Shri Shripad Yesso Naik, three Services’ Chiefs, Defence Secretary Shri Sanjay Mitra, Chairman DRDO Dr G.
Satheesh Reddy, Secretary (Defence Production) Dr. Ajay Kumar and Mrs S Kutty, Secretary ESW. Shri
Rajnath Singh was Minister of Home Affairs since May 27, 2014.
Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh was given a brief presentation on the functioning of the MoD and all the
four Departments of the MoD namely Department of Defence, Department of Defence Production,
Department of Ex-serviceman Welfare and Department of Research and Development Organisation. Raksha
Mantri Shri Singh instructed the officers to prepare detailed presentations on all Divisions and set time
bound targets to achieve the desired outcome.
Shri Rajnath Singh was born on 10 July 1951 in district Chandauli in Uttar Pradesh. He did his masters in
Physics from University of Gorakhpur in Uttar Pradesh. He was teacher by profession.
He served as Member of Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly in 1977 – 1980 and 2001 – 2003. He was
Minister of Education in Govt of Uttar Pradesh in 1991 -1992. He served as Minister of Surface Transport in
the Union Cabinet from 1999 to 2000. Later he was elected as Chief Minister in the Government of Uttar
Pradesh in 2000 – 2002. In 2003, he served as Minister of Agriculture in the Union Cabinet. He was elected
to Rajya Sabha 1994 -1999 and again for 2003-2008. In 2009 he was elected to the 15th Lok Sabha. He also
served as Member in the Committee on Ethics on 07 October 2009. Shri Rajnath Singh was inducted in the
Union of India’s Cabinet in a Government led by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi on 27 May 2014 as the
Minister of Home Affairs.

Jun 2019 | DefInsights | 9

Force Protection Part 1: Border and
Perimeter Security

By Sohil Patel On Jun 12 2019, just four months after the Pulwama suicide attack on a
Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) convoy, a Pakistan-based terrorist
group on Wednesday ambushed a security patrol in south Kashmir’s
Anantnag town, killing five CRPF men. May 29 2019, fifteen personnel of the
CRPF and the state police were injured in an IED blast triggered by Naxals in
Jharkhand's Seraikela Kharsawan district. On 14 February 2019, a convoy of
vehicles carrying security personnel on the Jammu Srinagar National
Highway was attacked by a vehicle-borne suicide bomber at Lethpora (near
Awantipora) in the Pulwama district, Jammu and Kashmir. The attack
resulted in the deaths of 40 Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) personnel
and the attacker.

Regrettably this is just a small list of dastardly attacks on our forces in the last few months. Unlike
conventional warfare these attacks are acts of cowardice and planned to surprise the forces. In such
situations it becomes paramount for the forces to have all the necessary protection from unpredictable
attacks. As quoted by one of the Army officers “ If the forces cannot protect themselves, how can they
protect the nation”.

Given India’s geopolitical situation, and in the light of the increased hostilities on the western front,
including those from the insurgencies and skirmishes in the eastern front with our neighbours, the need
for a contemporary force protection ecosystem is even more essential. There is a need to protect the
combat personnel from small arms, shrapnel, mines, IEDs and Chemical and Biological Radioactive
Nuclear (CBRNe) threats. Similar the physical assets( like vehicles, helicopters, aircrafts, boats and other
platforms) need protection from sabotage and explosive attacks. Defence infrastructure which includes


10 | DefInsights | Jun 2019

installations and military bases have to protected from any intruders before they cause any damage. The
key subject areas of force protection range from border protection to coastal area surveillance and from
personnel protection to strategic assets. Countries across the world have accepted the lethality of IEDs and
mines across various military terrains and so has India.

There has been a tremendous effort to further educate our forces and develop equipment to detect and
counter IEDs. Robots and unmanned surface vehicles, in due course of time are likely to replace humans to
be the first responders to such situations. Recently Indian Navy presented a request for information (RFI)
for mine countermeasure vessels (MCVs), which shows the acceptance and intent for preparedness of the
armed forces against such threats.

Force Protection

Force protection (FP) is preventive measures taken to mitigate hostile actions against Defence Forces
personnel, resources, facilities, and critical information. FP is multi-dimensional, providing multi-layered
protection of forces and resources. It covers actions at home station, in transit, and at deployed locations.
It includes not only protecting military members and civilian employees, but also their families, contract
employees, and visitors while on an installation. Force Protection can be broadly classified under the
followings areas

 Surveillance and Perimeter protection

 Personnel Protection

 Asset Protection

 Counter-IED Systems

1. Surveillance and Perimeter Protection

India shares a physical border of approximately
15,200 KM with its neighbors: China, Pakistan,
Bangladesh, Nepal, Myanmar, Afghanistan and
Bhutan. BSF started fencing of critical areas way
back in 1984. The target was to fence close to
6000 KMs, the effort is still not complete to this
date. The challenges faced by BSF are mostly
geological obstructions which make it impossible
to put a physical fence in certain areas.

When we address the area of perimeter
protection we are not restricted to just the
national borders but also the protection of
military bases, air fields and naval yards. Each
comes with its own unique challenges.

After the terrorist attack on IAF’s Pathankot
airbase on January 2, 2016, the MoD had
appointed a committee headed by Lt Gen Phillip
Campose, then Vice Chief of Army Staff, to

Jun 2019 | DefInsights | 11

review the security set-up for the military bases and suggest ways to improve it. According to reports, the Phillip
Campose Committee had identified paucity of funds as one of the main reasons for the Army’s inability to
secure its camps by installing high-tech gadgets, including electrified fences, night vision devices, radars and
closed circuit televisions (CCTVs) for effective access-control, perimeter security-cum-intrusion detection
systems and better Intelligence response mechanisms. In Feb 2018, the Defence Ministry sanctioned Rs 1,487
crore to the Army to fortify its bases in Jammu and Kashmir, North East and several other places to plug their
security gaps and protect them from any terror attacks.
Optical Surveillance
This is one of the oldest surveillance technologies around mainly made up of night vision, telescopes, binoculars
and spotting scopes. A night vision device (NVD) is an optical instrument that allows images to be produced in
ultralow levels of light virtually approaching total darkness. They are most often used by investigations agents,
the military and law enforcement agencies.
Electric Fencing
Electric fences are designed to create an electrical circuit when touched by a person or animal. A component
called a power energiser converts power into a brief high voltage pulse. One terminal of the power energiser
releases an electrical pulse along a connected bare wire about once per second. Another terminal is connected
to a metal rod implanted in the earth, called a ground or earth rod. A person or animal touching both the wire


12 | DefInsights | Jun 2019

and the earth during a pulse will complete an electrical circuit and will conduct the pulse, causing an
electric shock. The effects of the shock depend upon the voltage, the energy of the pulse, the degree of
contact between the recipient and the fence and ground and the route of the current through the body; it
can range from barely noticeable to uncomfortable, painful or even lethal.
Laser Fencing
A laser fence or laser wall is a mechanism to detect objects passing the line of sight between the laser
source and the detector. Stronger lasers can be used to injure entities passing the laser beam. The Indian
armed forces in Leh have taken extra measures to check infiltration by adopting high-tech surveillance
equipment along the border. Kavach Z developed by Cron Systems, provides 360 degree situational
awareness to the defending forces by detecting object approaching from as far as 200 meters away. It has
the ability to detect, track and classify objects as threats.
Another system developed by scientists at the Laser Science and Technology Centre, Delhi has an invisible
barrier that would allow the border sentry sitting inside his post to find out whether anyone was walking or
crawling into the Indian territory. For better performance the command post with a display unit would
have to be located at distance of 400-500 mt from the fence. At a greater distance, the performance is
Following the laser fence system’s success in Jammu and Kashmir, LASTEC – one of the laboratories under
Defence Research and Development Organisation - received orders from Central Reserve Police Force for
deployment of such fences in the Naxal-hit areas of Bijapur in Chhattisgarh. The CRPF ordered 20 such
systems, out of five have been supplied.

Jun 2019 | DefInsights | 13

Perimeter Surveillance Radar (PSR)
This is a class of radar sensors that monitor activity surrounding or on critical infrastructure areas such as
airports, seaports, military installations, national borders, refineries and other critical industry and the like. Such
radars are characterised by their ability to detect movement at ground level of targets such as an individual
walking or crawling towards a facility. Such radars typically have ranges of several hundred metres to over 10

In Jan 2019, to strengthen the perimeter security of its air stations, the Indian Navy finalised a ₹700 crore
contract with Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) for establishing an upgraded Naval Airfield Integrated Security
Battlefield Surveillance Radars
It is generally a man-portable battery-powered electronic short-range battlefield surveillance radar to provide
all-weather surveillance against intrusion. The radar is capable of searching a specified sector and performing
track while scanning for multiple targets. The radar detects, tracks and aids in classifying the moving targets.
Such radar systems can be carried by one or two soldiers. They are compact and can be set up within a few
minutes to match the speed and requirements of the users. The radar has sophisticated built-in software
algorithms to detect, track and classify targets like crawling man, group of walking men, light and combat
vehicles, and low flying helicopters. It also has a built-in interface for automatic transfer of target data to
remote locations and capability of integration with imaging sensors. The radar is amenable for mast-mounted
role on any light vehicle.
BEL has over the years manufactured numerous radar systems for Ground Surveillance, Air Defence, Fire
Control and Weapon Location. A lot of these systems have been developed along with LRDE. Bharat Electronics
Ltd, has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Saab, Sweden, in 2018 for jointly marketing the L-Band
3D Air Surveillance Radar, RAWL-03, co-developed by BEL and Saab.

14 | DefInsights | Jun 2019

The Electronics and Radar Development Establishment (LRDE) established
under the DRDO has developed several systems in the field of Radar and
related Technologies. Indra-I is a Tactical Surveillance Radar for Army for
point and area defence or as gap filler for the air defence, especially
against aircraft threat at very low altitudes. Indra Pulse Compression radar
was developed to meet Air Defence requirements of the Air Force. The

Battle Field Surveillance Radar - Short Range (BFSR-SR) is a man portable, battery
operated Surveillance Radar developed for the Indian Army.

The Battle Field Surveillance Radar - Short Range (BFSR-SR) is a man
portable, battery operated Surveillance Radar developed for the Indian
Army. The radar has been developed for deployment in the forward
localities with the capabilities to detect, track and classify variety of
moving ground surface targets.

The 3D Surveillance Radar, Rohini is a ground based mechanically
scanning, pulse Doppler radar for air space surveillance to detect and
track air targets with reliability, even under hostile EW operational

3D Surveillance Radar, Revathi is a ship borne mechanically scanning pulse Doppler radar for 3D air space and sea
surface surveillance. The radar is capable of providing reliable detection/tracking air targets and sea surface targets
even under hostile EW operational environment.

Unattended Ground Sensors

For the detection of movement at a border crossing, Self-Powered Ad-hoc Network (SPAN) nodes may be
equipped with ground-vibration or acoustic sensors, while for structural-integrity applications, stress
sensors would be employed.

Since 2008, aircraft and defence company Textron has been providing its battery-powered Micro Observer
Unattended Ground Sensors with built-in vibration sensors to track the presence of intruders on foot or in
vehicles. In 2014, Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) has signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU)
with Textron Systems Corporation, as a first step toward providing an unattended ground sensor (UGS)
system to the Indian security agencies.

Drone Surveillance and AI

Drone surveillance is the use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) to capture of still images and video to
gather information about specific targets, which might be individuals, groups or environments.

Drone surveillance enables surreptitiously gathering information about a target as captured from a
distance or altitude. Drones’ flight capabilities, small size and ability to withstand harsh environments
mean they can often survey subjects that might not be accessible otherwise and can access a first-person
view (FPV) that would normally be impossible for the photographer.

Drones combined with computer vision, face recognition, object recognition and other tracking
technologies are essentially flying robots. Their naturalization into the environment -- sometimes referred
to as ubiquitous robotics -- is enabled by the combination of networking, robotics and artificial intelligence
(AI). Advanced AI-capable drones can adapt to their environment and perform many autonomous tasks
like following a subject and filming while they move through an area.

Jun 2019 | DefInsights | 15

Industry Buzz

Procurement under Strategic Partnership
The Rs 21,738-crore procurement of 111 light Naval Utility Helicopters (NUH) for the Navy is on track to be
the first big procurement of the new National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government.
On 30 Jun 2019, the last day for vendors to submit responses to an expression of interest (EoI) floated by the
Defence ministry on February 12, at least three international original equipment manufacturers (OEMs)
submitted proposals to build their helicopters through an Indian industry designated as strategic partner
(SP). The OEMs that have responded include Airbus, Sikorsky and Kamov.
State-run Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL) is separately pushing for the naval version of its Advanced Light
Helicopter (ALH for the contract.
The Indian Ministry of defense (MoD) invited expressions of interest (EoI) for 111 helicopters to be made in
the country in collaboration with foreign partners earlier this year. Indian companies were given two months
to respond to the EoI, while the foreign Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) were given three
months. Tata Advanced Systems, Mahindra Defence, Adani Defence, L&T, Bharat Forge and Reliance
Defence were the Indian companies that were expected to participate in the bidding. These firms were
required to collaborate with the foreign companies to make the helicopters in the country under India’s
“Make in India” programme designed to build a domestic military industrial complex and reduce imports.


16 | DefInsights | Jun 2019

On its course to modernization, the Indian Navy has moved forward to close the $2.5 Billion U$D (Rs 17,500
Crore), Navy’s Multi Role Helicopters (NMRH) deal, to procure 24 Lockheed Martin-Sikorsky’s MH-60R
helicopters, through the US government’s Foreign Military Sales (FMS) programme, which has the provision
for direct government to government sale.
Looking to plug the capability gap with the purchase of 24 Lockheed Martin-Sikorsky MH-60R helicopters,
the Indian Navy hopes to conclude the contract by October – November of 2019, and completion of the
deliveries by 2022.
The twin-engine choppers will be armed with MK 54 torpedoes, AGM-114 Hellfire missiles, and advanced
precision kill weapons system rockets, and can operate from frigates, destroyers and aircraft carriers.
Meanwhile, the procurement process of the 111 Navy Utility Helicopters (NUH) - meant for search and
rescue, medical evacuation, communication duties, anti-piracy and anti-terrorism operations, humanitarian
assistance, surveillance and targeting – through the Strategic Partnership model is in process. The Indian
Navy’s NUH deal is estimated to be a little over $3 Billion U$D or Rs 21, 738 Crore INR.

Jun 2019 | DefInsights | 17

ISRO’s Chandrayaan – 2, the 2nd lunar mission, a sequel to Chandrayaan-1 launched in 2008, is scheduled
to be launched on 15th July 2019, and is in its final leg of integration and testing, at its centers in
Mahendragiri in Tamil Nadu and Byalalu in Bengaluru.
The satellite built at the cost of Rs 603 Crores INR, will be launched using GSLV Mk III as the launch
vehicle. The cost of GSLV MK III rocket is Rs 375 Crores INR.
The 3.8 tonne spacecraft essentially comprises of three parts; Orbiter, Lander (Vikram) and Rover
(Pragyan). The Rover will be housed inside the lander. Orbiter, with the scientific payloads and the Lander
modules would be interfaced mechanically and stacked together as an integrated module. Lander would
soft land close to the south pole of the moon – an uncharted territory so far - using thrusters to control its
speed as it approaches the lunar surface, in order to ensure smooth landing. On landing safely, the solar
powered, six wheeled Rover will detach itself to crawl on the moon’s surface to collect data and make
observations. Equipped with different kinds of cameras and sophisticated instruments, the exploration
will include mineralogy, seismic activity, 3D mapping, study of the moon’s atmosphere, and mainly to
determine the presence and quantum of water. The entire mission is designed to work for only 14 days (1
lunar day).
In another interesting announcement, ISRO now has plans of setting up its own indigenous space station.
This will be in the low orbit – at an altitude of 400 KMs from earth – to conduct microgravity experiments
in space. However, this depends on the success of the “Gaganyan” human space mission.

18 | DefInsights | Jun 2019


IAF has signed a Rs 300

Crore INR deal with the

Israel's Rafael Advanced

Defense Systems to

procure 100 more SPICE –

2000 bombs.

The SPICE guided bombs

were used by the Indian

Air Force to attack the

training camp of the Jaish-

e-Mohammed (JeM)

located in Balakot,

Pakistan on 26th February

2019, in response to the

Pulwama attack by the

terrorist outfit.

With a stand-off range of
60 Kms, the SPICE guided
bombs approaches the target as its unique scene-matching algorithm compares the electro-optical image
received in real-time via the weapon seeker with mission reference data stored in the weapon computer
memory and adjusts the flight path accordingly. SPICE 2000 consists of an add-on kit for warheads such as
the MK-84, BLU-109, APW and RAP-2000.

The order for the bombs has been placed under the special financial powers given to the armed forces by
the government for emergency purchases, and per the contract, the advanced SPICE bombs would be
delivered to the Air Force in the next three months as the deal is under emergency powers.


Drawing up grand plans to boost the export of military equipment manufactured in India, and to achieve its
ambitious envisaged target of Rs 35, 000 Crore INR by 2025, the Government of India has identified 85
countries, as potential clients of Indian made defence equipment. Based on the possibility of exports, the
identified countries have been categorized as A. B, C and accordingly prioritized.

With a total budget of Rs 16 Crore, the active support of the Defence Attaches in the Indian embassies of
these 85 countries will be sought to explore and promote export oriented activities, in the respective
countries, and showcase the capabilities of the Indian Defence industry. These activities will include,
conducting market studies, organizing seminars, participating in exhibitions, etc.

Accordingly, Category A countries will get $50,000 U$D, while category B & C countries will be allocated
correspondingly lesser amounts.

These countries are: US, UK, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Oman, Bahrain, Egypt, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Turkey,
South Africa, Nigeria, Ghana, Ethiopia, Seychelles, Maldives, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Malaysia, Cambodia,
Vietnam, Thailand, Bangladesh and Nepal.

Jun 2019 | DefInsights | 19

Defence Procurement Procedure Primer

Part 14 – Defence Procurement Procedure for
‘Make’ Category

DPP 2011 considered self-reliance in defence manufacturing as a vital

strategic and an economic imperative and placed emphasis on utilising

the emerging dynamism of the Indian industry by leveraging domestic

capabilities for fostering export capabilities in this sector. The ‘Make in

India’ initiative of the Government of India, aims to promote the

By Sohil Patel manufacturing sector and increase the contribution of manufacturing
output to 25% of GDP. Defence sector is prominent among the 25 sectors

of industry covered under the ‘Make in India’ initiative.

The provision of ‘Make’ category of capital acquisition is a vital pillar for realising the vision behind the
‘Make in India’ initiative. Hence it is imperative that the ‘Make’ procedure should be structured to
provide the necessary leverage to make adequate investments, build the required capabilities and
match up to the contemporary and futuristic requirements of the Indian Armed Forces.
Only Indian vendors including Association of Persons (AoP) are eligible for participation under ‘Make’
program of acquisition.

Successful development under this scheme would result in acquisition, from successful Development
Agency/Agencies (DA/DAs), through the ‘Buy (Indian-IDDM)’ category with indigenous design and
development and a minimum of 40% IC.

The sub-category under ‘Make’ category are sub-divided into the following:

Make-I (Government Funded). Projects under ‘Make-I’ sub-category will involve Government funding
of 90%, released in a phased manner and based on the progress of the scheme, as per terms agreed
between MoD and the vendor.

Make-II (Industry Funded). Projects under Make-II category will involve prototype development of
equipment/system/ platform or their upgrades or their sub-systems/sub-assembly/assemblies/
components, primarily for import substitution/ innovative solutions, for which no Government funding
will be provided for prototype development purposes. Cases where innovative solutions have been
offered, shall be accepted and progressed, even if there is only a single individual or a firm involved.

Make-Project Management Unit (PMU)
Each SHQ (including Coast Guard) shall establish a permanent Make-Project Management Unit (PMU),
within its service. The Make-PMU must be headed by a two star rank officer or equivalent and staffed
appropriately with professionals of various ranks/branches and specialisations, depending upon the

2na0ture and the number of ongoing/envisaged projects under ‘Make-I’ procedure, for the SHQs.

20 | DefInsights | Jun 2019

The mandates of every Make-PMU are as follows:-
(a) Closely monitor the implementation of ‘Make-I7’ projects for the corresponding SHQ.
(b) Ensure timely development and implementation.
(c) Assign responsibilities and hold task owners accountable for delivery.
(d) Identify potential issues that will impact project cost or delivery and resolve them swiftly.

Development and Acquisition Process under ‘Make-I’ Category

The acquisition process under Make Category would involve the following functions:-
(a) Advance Planning and Consultations
(b) Feasibility Study
(c) Preliminary Services Qualitative Requirements (PSQRs)
(d) Categorisation and accord of Acceptance of Necessity (AoN) by the competent body.
(e) Constitution of IPMT
(f) Preparation of Project Definition Document (PDD)
(g) Expression of Interest (EoI)
(h) Selection of Development Agency (ies) (DAs)
(j) Detailed Project Report (DPR)
(k) Approval of CFA and Funding Arrangements
(l) Design and Development of Prototype
(m) User Trials by SHQ
(n) Staff Evaluation
(o) Solicitation of Commercial Offers
(p) Commercial negotiations by Contract Negotiation Committee (CNC)
(q) Award of Contract

Advance Planning and Consultations
On the basis of Long Term Integrated Perspective Plan (LTIPP) or otherwise, SHQs will identify the
potential projects to be undertaken under ‘Make’ category of acquisition. SHQs shall initiate
collegiate discussions on such potential projects with various stakeholders such as DRDO, DDP,
Indian industry etc.

Based on collegiate decisions detailed, or in other cases as may be appropriate, SHQ shall forward an
indicative list of potential ‘Make-I’ projects, together with draft Preliminary Service Qualitative
Requirements (PSQRs), to HQ IDS for inclusion in relevant medium term and short term plans, as per
the projected induction timeframes and estimated timelines for development of prototype.

Criteria for Make I Category

Projects under Make-I sub-category will involve a development period of not less than three years.

Projects under the Make-I sub-category, with estimated cost of prototype development phase not
exceeding ₹ 10 Crores, will be earmarked for MSMEs.

Jun 2019 | DefInsights | 21

Business Opportunities : June 2019

PURC/2019E0169201 RFP-Open
1 Servers For Mission Support 18th June 2019 ISTRAC-DoS ADRDE/QMS/MMG/ RFP-Open
2 Development and Supply of 3- 08th June 2019 ADRDE- RFP-Open
Axis CG and Moment of Inertia EoI
Measurement Test Setup as per
Scope of Work and ATP RFP-Open
3 Consultancy Services for filing 13th June 2019 Department 6300027735 RFP-Open
of Defence RFP-Open
Patents Production – OCFS/PV/EOI/
BEML REG/2019/08 RFP-Open
4 Expression of Interest for Regis- 29th June 2019 OFB GTRE/MMG/KDIP/ RFP-Open
EOI/01/19-20 RFP-Open
tration DRDO-GTRE

5 Development, Manufacturing, 01st July 2019

Assembly, Qualification, Testing

and Supply of Multistage Lubri-

cation Pump (CPSU) for Aero

Engine Application

6 Design and Realization Match 10th June 2019 DRDO ASL/31/18/4060/13/0158

Die Mould Assembly and Supply

of Fixtures and Accessories

7 Altitude Temperature and Hu- 3rd June 2019 DRDO ASL/31/18/4020/21/0333

midity Chamber

8 Development of Infrared Search 15th June 2019 DRDO-IRDE IRDE/TS/19-20/EOI/01

and Track System (IRST) for Air-

borne Platform

9 Manufacture and Supply of Spur 1st July 2019 DRDO-GTRE GTRE/MMG/
Gears and Components ARDE/20ATT012/CMS-II

10 10 GBPS Fibre Backbone campus 19th June 2019


Internet and Intranet Network as

per Specification list

11 Steel FL 50X25mm OFB 3193000169

04th June 2019

12 Steel Sheet Size 1.25 mm DDP-For 180303GSPO
GCF, Jabal-
04th June 2019 pur RCI/CMM/LP2/
12 Independent Verification and 07th June 2019 DRDO
Validation Services for FPGA

14 Inductive Settable Electronic 12th June 2019 DRD)-ARDE ARDE/20DCT002/CMS I RFP-Open

Module and Inductive Fuze

setter for artillery Gun

15 Met Payload Data Acquisition 10th June 2019 DoS MCF/PUR/2019E0084101 RFP-Open


22 | DefInsights | Jun 2019

Business Opportunities : June 2019


16 Partial armoring (Fabrication) of 22nd June 2019 MHA- CRPF L-VII-1/19-20-121-MT- RFP-Open
GSL T/407 BP RFP-Open
T 407
17 Supply, installation, testing and 20th June 2019 G21/NSK/CAP - 36
dated 28.05.2019
commissioning of Portable TIG

Welding Machine 1no. and Port-

able ARC Welding machine GSL G21/NSK/CAP- 674 DT. National
18 Supply installation and commis- 10th June 2019

sioning of 1) WinSvrSTDCore 22/04/2019 Competitive

2019 SNGL OLP 16Lic NL CoreLic - Bid

19 Items for Indigenisation dis- 17th June 2019

played at CODISSIA at Coimba- IMM/98261010/3/19

tore 04th June 2019 HSL CD/OS/1144 /RC SB RFP-Open
20 Rate Contract for Fabrication,

erection, testing, and commis- Piping/056/19 dt

sioning of piping systems on 20.05.19

board the vessels

Response for EOI for Design De- ARDE/20EOI001/ADM/
21 velopment and Commissioning of ARDE-DRDO
Automated Bomb Integration Rig 12th June 2019 EoI


Response for EOI for Design dev. ARDE/20EOI002/ADM/
22 and commissioning of Multi-Axis ARDE-DRDO
Fatigue Load Test Facility 12th June 2019 EoI


23 Consultant for Preparation of 15th July 2019 IHQ of MOD DGNP V DDGP 02 of RFP-Open

Detailed Project Report DPR and (Navy) 2019

Project Management for Con-

struction of 10,000 Ton Ship Lift


Indigenisation of Amplifier Multi- IHQ of MOD 304/INDIGENISATION/ RFP-Open
24 plier Module of SHTIL System for 25th June 2019 (Navy) FTTT(V)
Fleet Testing and Tuning Team (Navy) 400/INDIGENISATION/ RFP-Open
Indigenisation of SPEC Receiver S 1B/5051/8/18322/17/ RFP-Open
Indian Navy 19-20/ISC
25 Band LST 25th June 2019 438/81/310/110(R)/
Indian Navy NVD
Development of Aviation Items 28th June 2019 438//23/22/03 DATED
22 MAY 2019
27 Procurement of Night Vision Bin- 17th June 2019


28 Procurement of SHTIL Missile 12th June 2019

Electromechanical Simulator in-

cluding AMC for a Period of

Three Years IDS RFP/307/06 DATED 27 RFP-Open
30 Supply Installation and Commis- 18th June 2019 MAY 19

sioning of High Frequency Log

Periodic Steerable Antenna

Jun 2019 | DefInsights | 23

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