The words you are searching are inside this book. To get more targeted content, please make full-text search by clicking here.
Discover the best professional documents and content resources in AnyFlip Document Base.
Search
Published by B&R, 2018-06-05 08:48:47

MP Lejdi

;;; 0).(- 7/0)4 40 %22% /Û(>-%
YP .SEGLMQE 0IPI[IPE /SW^EPMR
XIP I QEMP ^EQS[MIRMI$PINHM TP


[[[ PINHM TP

2EW^ EWSVX]QIRX XS SJIVXE RMI X]POS HPE OSFMIX ś 0INHM TP XS WOPIT MRXIVRIXS[] SJIVYNÈG] V¶[RMIľ YFVERME H^MIGMÜGI HPE
H^MI[G^]RIO M GLąSTG¶[ XEOMI NEO W^PEJVSG^OM TąEW^G^]OM FPY^] FYGMOM RMIQS[PÜGI G^] WYOMIROM 4V^]OąEHEQ] [MIPOÈ
[EKÜ HS NEOSĝGM HSWXÜTR]GL Y REW TVSHYOX¶[ ;ąEĝRMI HPEXIKS HIG]HYNÈG WMÜ RE ^EOYT] [ REW^]Q WOPITMI
MRXIVRIXS[]Q QSľIW^ F]Ê TI[MIR ľI []FMIVEW^ X]POS RENPITW^] KEXYROS[S XV[Eą] M RMI^[]OPI EXVEOG]NR] [M^YEPRMI
TąEW^G^]O G^] MRR] IPIQIRX KEVHIVSF] 2E XIN WXVSRMI QEQ] TV^]NIQRSĝÊ ^ETVSTSRS[EÊ XMYPS[I WYOMIROM HPE
H^MI[G^]RIO W^PEJVSG^OM FPY^] H^MIGMÜGI OSVSROS[I FSH] E XEOľI FYGMOM RMIQS[PÜGI OX¶VI WTVE[H^È WMÜ V¶[RMIľ
HPE GLąSTPE GLąSTG¶[ (SWXÜTRI [ XIN OEXIKSVMM YFVERME HSWOSREPI SHTS[MIH^È RE SG^IOM[ERME OEľHIKS VSH^MGE OX¶V^] HPE
H
W[SMGL TSGMIGL []FMIVE SH^MIľ QSHRÈ M NIHRSG^IĝRMI XV[EąÈ















































;;; 0).(- 7/0)4 40 %22% /Û(>-%
YP .SEGLMQE 0IPI[IPE /SW^EPMR
XIP TSRMIH^MEą)/ TMÈXIO [ KSH^ I QEMP ^EQS[MIRMI$PINHM TP



[[[ PINHM TP

2EW^ EWSVX]QIRX XS SJIVXE RMI X]POS HPE OSFMIX ś 0INHM TP XS WOPIT MRXIVRIXS[] SJIVYNÈG] V¶[RMIľ YFVERME H^MIGMÜGI HPE
H^MI[G^]RIO M GLąSTG¶[ XEOMI NEO W^PEJVSG^OM TąEW^G^]OM FPY^] FYGMOM RMIQS[PÜGI G^] WYOMIROM 4V^]OąEHEQ] [MIPOÈ
[EKÜ HS NEOSĝGM HSWXÜTR]GL Y REW TVSHYOX¶[ ;ąEĝRMI HPEXIKS HIG]HYNÈG WMÜ RE ^EOYT] [ REW^]Q WOPITMI
MRXIVRIXS[]Q QSľIW^ F]Ê TI[MIR ľI []FMIVEW^ X]POS RENPITW^] KEXYROS[S XV[Eą] M RMI^[]OPI EXVEOG]NR] [M^YEPRMI
TąEW^G^]O G^] MRR] IPIQIRX KEVHIVSF] 2E XIN WXVSRMI QEQ] TV^]NIQRSĝÊ ^ETVSTSRS[EÊ XMYPS[I WYOMIROM HPE
H^MI[G^]RIO W^PEJVSG^OM FPY^] H^MIGMÜGI OSVSROS[I FSH] E XEOľI FYGMOM RMIQS[PÜGI OX¶VI WTVE[H^È WMÜ V¶[RMIľ
HPE GLąSTPE GLąSTG¶[ (SWXÜTRI [ XIN OEXIKSVMM YFVERME HSWOSREPI SHTS[MIH^È RE SG^IOM[ERME OEľHIKS VSH^MGE OX¶V^] HPE
H
W[SMGL TSGMIGL []FMIVE SH^MIľ QSHRÈ M NIHRSG^IĝRMI XV[EąÈ















































;;; 0).(- 7/0)4 40 %22% /Û(>-%
YP .SEGLMQE 0IPI[IPE /SW^EPMR
XIP TSRMIH^MEą)/ TMÈXIO [ KSH^ I QEMP ^EQS[MIRMI$PINHM TP



[[[ PINHM TP

7YOMIROE HPE H^MI[G^]ROM [ G^IV[SRI V¶ľI ` WYOMIROM [ ;]NÈXOS[E WYOMIROE H^MI[G^ÜGE ` IPIKERGOMI WYOMIROM HPE H^MI[G^]RIO
WX]PY TMR YT VIXVS WYOMIROM HPE H^MI[G^]RIO 4MÜORE YRMOEXS[E WYOMIROE ^ KMTMYVS[È OSVSROÈ TV^] W^]M HPE H^MI[G^]ROM 7YOMIROE (¶ą V¶[RMIľ SFW^]X] TS
FV^IKEGL OSVSROÈ 7YOMIROE RE []NÈXOS[I SOE^NI [IWIPI YVSH^MR] OSQYRMI 7YOMIROE TSWMEHE TMÜORI
7YOMIROE HPE H^MI[G^]ROM [ G^IV[SRI V¶ľI WX]PM^S[ERE NIWX RE PEXE XI XI SFW^]GMI OSVSROS[I X[SV^ÈGI HIOSPX FPSWOS W^]M SVE^ OV¶XOM VÜOE[IO 8]ą TMÜORMI TV^IHąY^SR] X[SV^ÈG] PIOOM
7YOMIROE H¶ą VS^OPSW^S[ER] 7YOMIROE WXERS[M V¶[RMIľ OSQTPIX HS WYOMIROM WX]P VIXVS ; TEWMI KVEREXS[] TEW ^ TMÜORÈ HYľÈ OSOEVHÈ ^ X]ąY 7YOMIROE []OSRERE ^ OSVSROM XMYPY M TSHW^I[OM
[ WX]PY TMR YT [ G^IV[SRI V¶ľI H^MÜOM G^IQY QEQE M G¶VOE FÜHE X[SV^]Ê ^KVERE TEVÜ
TSH WTSHIQ
'IRE ^ą 'IRE ^ą











7YOMIROE HPE H^MI[G^]ROM [

G^IV[SRI O[MEX] ` WYOMIROM HPE
H^MI[G^]RIO RE PEXS

7YOMIROE HPE H^MI[G^]ROM [ G^IV[SRI V¶ľI
WX]PM^S[ERE NIWX RE PEXE XI XI 7YOMIROE
H¶ą VS^OPSW^S[ER] 7YOMIROE WXERS[M
V¶[RMIľ OSQTPIX HS WYOMIROM [ WX]PY TMR YT
[ G^IV[SRI V¶ľI H^MÜOM G^IQY QEQE M G¶VOE
FÜHE X[SV^]Ê ^KVERE TEVÜ

'IRE ^ą






7YOMIROE HPE H^MI[G^]ROM

[ RMIFMIWOMI O[MEX] ` WYOMIROM
[ WX]PY TMR YT VIXVS WYOMIROM
HPE H^MI[G^]RIO


7YOMIROE HPE H^MI[G^]ROM WX]PM^S[ERE NIWX RE PEXE
XI XI 7YOMIROE NIWX ^HSFMSRE O[MEXEQM RE
GEąSĝGM [ OSPSV^I RMIFMIWOMQ H¶ą VS^OPSW^S[ER] .EWRSV¶ľS[E WYOMIROE ^ TIVIąOEQM HPE H^MI[G^]ROM ` WYOMIROM
7YOMIROE WXERS[M V¶[RMIľ OSQTPIX HS WYOMIROM [ ^ TIVIąOEQM HPE H^MI[G^]ROM
WX]PY TMR YT [ RMIFMIWOMI O[MEX] H^MÜOM G^IQY
QEQE M G¶VOE FÜHE X[SV^]Ê ^KVERE TEVÜ .EWRSV¶ľS[E WYOMIROE HPE H^MI[G^]ROM 7YOMIROE ^HSFMSRE W^XYG^R]QM TIVIąOEQM SVE^
OSVSROS[]Q TEWIQ 7YOMIROE [ HSPRIN G^ÜĝGM []OSRERE ^ SVKER^] K¶VE WEX]RS[E
'IRE ^ą 7YOMIROE ^ TSHW^I[OE ^ETMRERE ^ X]ąY RE ^EQIO (SWOSREPI WTVE[H^M WMÜ NEOS WYOMIROE HPE
H^MI[G^]ROM RE [IWIPI G^] YVSH^MR] M MRRI [EľRI SOE^NI /SPSV NEWR] V¶ľ NEO RE Ką¶[R]Q
^HNÜGMY ^HNÜGME RE QERIOMRMI PIOOS VS^NEĝRMSRI TV^I^ Fą]WO ƚIW^E 79OMIROE TSWMEHE
[EVWX[] XMYPY WEX]RI SVE^ OV]RSPMRÜ YRSW^ÈGE WYOMIROÜ M TSHW^I[OÜ
'IRE ^ą
;;; 0).(- 7/0)4 40 %22% /Û(>-%
YP .SEGLMQE 0IPI[IPE /SW^EPMR
XIP TSRMIH^MEą)/ TMÈXIO [ KSH^ I QEMP ^EQS[MIRMI$PINHM TP [[[ PINHM TP

7YOMIROE HPE H^MI[G^]ROM [ G^IV[SRI V¶ľI ` WYOMIROM [ ;]NÈXOS[E WYOMIROE H^MI[G^ÜGE ` IPIKERGOMI WYOMIROM HPE H^MI[G^]RIO
WX]PY TMR YT VIXVS WYOMIROM HPE H^MI[G^]RIO 4MÜORE YRMOEXS[E WYOMIROE ^ KMTMYVS[È OSVSROÈ TV^] W^]M HPE H^MI[G^]ROM 7YOMIROE (¶ą V¶[RMIľ SFW^]X] TS
FV^IKEGL OSVSROÈ 7YOMIROE RE []NÈXOS[I SOE^NI [IWIPI YVSH^MR] OSQYRMI 7YOMIROE TSWMEHE TMÜORI
7YOMIROE HPE H^MI[G^]ROM [ G^IV[SRI V¶ľI WX]PM^S[ERE NIWX RE PEXE XI XI SFW^]GMI OSVSROS[I X[SV^ÈGI HIOSPX FPSWOS W^]M SVE^ OV¶XOM VÜOE[IO 8]ą TMÜORMI TV^IHąY^SR] X[SV^ÈG] PIOOM
7YOMIROE H¶ą VS^OPSW^S[ER] 7YOMIROE WXERS[M V¶[RMIľ OSQTPIX HS WYOMIROM WX]P VIXVS ; TEWMI KVEREXS[] TEW ^ TMÜORÈ HYľÈ OSOEVHÈ ^ X]ąY 7YOMIROE []OSRERE ^ OSVSROM XMYPY M TSHW^I[OM
[ WX]PY TMR YT [ G^IV[SRI V¶ľI H^MÜOM G^IQY QEQE M G¶VOE FÜHE X[SV^]Ê ^KVERE TEVÜ
TSH WTSHIQ
'IRE ^ą 'IRE ^ą











7YOMIROE HPE H^MI[G^]ROM [

G^IV[SRI O[MEX] ` WYOMIROM HPE
H^MI[G^]RIO RE PEXS

7YOMIROE HPE H^MI[G^]ROM [ G^IV[SRI V¶ľI
WX]PM^S[ERE NIWX RE PEXE XI XI 7YOMIROE
H¶ą VS^OPSW^S[ER] 7YOMIROE WXERS[M
V¶[RMIľ OSQTPIX HS WYOMIROM [ WX]PY TMR YT
[ G^IV[SRI V¶ľI H^MÜOM G^IQY QEQE M G¶VOE
FÜHE X[SV^]Ê ^KVERE TEVÜ

'IRE ^ą






7YOMIROE HPE H^MI[G^]ROM

[ RMIFMIWOMI O[MEX] ` WYOMIROM
[ WX]PY TMR YT VIXVS WYOMIROM
HPE H^MI[G^]RIO


7YOMIROE HPE H^MI[G^]ROM WX]PM^S[ERE NIWX RE PEXE
XI XI 7YOMIROE NIWX ^HSFMSRE O[MEXEQM RE
GEąSĝGM [ OSPSV^I RMIFMIWOMQ H¶ą VS^OPSW^S[ER] .EWRSV¶ľS[E WYOMIROE ^ TIVIąOEQM HPE H^MI[G^]ROM ` WYOMIROM
7YOMIROE WXERS[M V¶[RMIľ OSQTPIX HS WYOMIROM [ ^ TIVIąOEQM HPE H^MI[G^]ROM
WX]PY TMR YT [ RMIFMIWOMI O[MEX] H^MÜOM G^IQY
QEQE M G¶VOE FÜHE X[SV^]Ê ^KVERE TEVÜ .EWRSV¶ľS[E WYOMIROE HPE H^MI[G^]ROM 7YOMIROE ^HSFMSRE W^XYG^R]QM TIVIąOEQM SVE^
OSVSROS[]Q TEWIQ 7YOMIROE [ HSPRIN G^ÜĝGM []OSRERE ^ SVKER^] K¶VE WEX]RS[E
'IRE ^ą 7YOMIROE ^ TSHW^I[OE ^ETMRERE ^ X]ąY RE ^EQIO (SWOSREPI WTVE[H^M WMÜ NEOS WYOMIROE HPE
H^MI[G^]ROM RE [IWIPI G^] YVSH^MR] M MRRI [EľRI SOE^NI /SPSV NEWR] V¶ľ NEO RE Ką¶[R]Q
^HNÜGMY ^HNÜGME RE QERIOMRMI PIOOS VS^NEĝRMSRI TV^I^ Fą]WO ƚIW^E 79OMIROE TSWMEHE
[EVWX[] XMYPY WEX]RI SVE^ OV]RSPMRÜ YRSW^ÈGE WYOMIROÜ M TSHW^I[OÜ
'IRE ^ą
;;; 0).(- 7/0)4 40 %22% /Û(>-%
YP .SEGLMQE 0IPI[IPE /SW^EPMR
XIP TSRMIH^MEą)/ TMÈXIO [ KSH^ I QEMP ^EQS[MIRMI$PINHM TP [[[ PINHM TP

(GXNXMHP\ SU]H] ]DEDZÛ



=DEDZD G]LHFND WR LQWHQV\ZQH RGNU\ZDQLH L XF]HQLH VLÛ ĝZLDWD SU]\ MHGQRF]HVQ\P SR]QDZDQLX VDPHJR VLHELH

2G SRNROHĆ QDMPĄRGV]\P WRZDU]\V]Ç L SRPDJDMÇ Z W\P NORFNL NRQVWUXNF\MQH *G\ REVHUZXMH VLÛ SRFLHFKÛ XNĄDGDMÇFÇ
NRORURZH HOHPHQW\ R UµľQRURGQ\FK LQWU\JXMÇF\FK NV]WDĄWDFK Z U]HF]\ZLVWRĝFL MHVW VLÛ ĝZLDGNLHP QLHE\ZDĄHJR Z\MÇWNRZHJR
SURFHVX SR]QDZDQLD IRUP L PRľOLZRĝFL LFK ĄÇF]HQLD

.ORFNL NRQVWUXNF\MQH SR]ZDODMÇ G]LHFNX VWDÉ VLÛ PDĄ\P QDXNRZFHP NWµU\ G]LÛNL QLP ]QDMGXMH RGSRZLHG]L QD ZLHOH LVWRWQ\FK
S\WDĆ ΖOH VLĄ\ QDOHľ\ ZĄRľ\É DE\ SRĄÇF]\É SRV]F]HJµOQH VHJPHQW\"
&
&R VLÛ VWDQLH JG\ MXľ ]RVWDQÇ GRSDVRZDQH" : MDNL VSRVµE ]UHDOL]RZDÉ ZĄDVQH Z\REUDľHQLD" R VLÛ VWDQLH JG\ MXľ ]RVWDQÇ GRSDVRZDQH" : MDNL VSRVµE ]UHDOL]RZDÉ ZĄDVQH Z\REUDľHQLD"

.ORFNL /RRZL


:V]\VWNLH ]HVWDZ\ NWµUH ZFKRG]Ç Z VNĄDG VHULL NORFNµZ /RRZL VÇ ]XSHĄQÇ QRZRĝFLÇ QD U\QNX :SURZDG]RQH
Z 3ROVFH ] NRĆFHP URN RG UD]X SU]\SDGĄ\ PDĄ\P Xľ\WNRZQLNRP GR JXVWX .ORFNL NRQVWUXNF\MQH /RRZL
SRVLDGDMÇ XQLNDWRZH FHFK\ NWµUH GRFHQLÇ ]DUµZQR FL QDMPĄRGVL MDN L QLHFR VWDUVL NRQVWUXNWRU]\ 'R OLVW\ ]DOHW
QDOHľÇ QLHZLHOND ZDJD SRV]F]HJµOQ\FK HOHPHQWµZ RUD] WUZDĄRĝÉ Z\EXGRZDQ\FK NRQVWUXNFML RUD] ĄDWZRĝÉ
ĄÇF]HQLD L UR]ĄÇF]DQLD SRMHG\QF]\FK NORFNµZ





.ORFNL 0RUSKXQ


: QDV]\P VNOHSLH ]QDMG]LHFLH NORFNL NRQVWUXNF\MQH DQJLHOVNLHM
PDUNL 0RUSKXQ G\VWU\EXRZDQHM Z SRQDG NUDMDFK QD
ĝZLHFLH : ]DOHľQRĝFL RG Z\EUDQHJR ]HVWDZX G]LÛNL NORFNRP
PRľQD WZRU]\É QLHVDPRZLWH EXG\QNL ZLHORZ\PLDURZH
NRQVWUXNFMH ]ZLHU]ÛWD L SRMD]G\ : NDľG\P SXGHĄNX ]QDMGXMH
VLÛ LQVWUXNFMD VNĄDGDQLD ]DZLHUDMÇFD U\VXQNL ] SRGVWDZRZ\PL
PRGHODPL EXGRZOL DOH NORFNL PDMÇ R ZLHOH ZLÛNV]\ SRWHQFMDĄ
WZµUF]\ L WDN QDSUDZGÛ RG G]LHFL ]DOHľ\ RVWDWHF]Q\ Z\JOÇG ZµUF]\ L WDN QDSUDZGÛ RG G]LHFL ]DOHľ\ RVWDWHF]Q\ Z\JOÇG
W
NRQVWUXNFML : ]DOHľQRĝFL RG ZLHNX G]LHFND RIHURZDQH SU]H]
QDV NORFNL NRQVWUXNF\MQH 0RUSKXQ SU]H]QDF]RQH VÇ GOD

PDOXFKµZ SRZ\ľHM L URNX ľ\FLD

)LUPD +DQGORZD 2OOLQHFN

&]ÛVWRFKRZD XO 0DWHMNL 7HO
1DMOHSV]\ Z\EµU NORFNµZ NORFNL HGX SO


HGXNDF\MQ\FK L NRQVWUXNF\MQ\FK H PDLO VNOHS#NORFNL HGX SO

(GXNXMHP\ SU]H] ]DEDZÛ



=DEDZD G]LHFND WR LQWHQV\ZQH RGNU\ZDQLH L XF]HQLH VLÛ ĝZLDWD SU]\ MHGQRF]HVQ\P SR]QDZDQLX VDPHJR VLHELH

2G SRNROHĆ QDMPĄRGV]\P WRZDU]\V]Ç L SRPDJDMÇ Z W\P NORFNL NRQVWUXNF\MQH *G\ REVHUZXMH VLÛ SRFLHFKÛ XNĄDGDMÇFÇ
NRORURZH HOHPHQW\ R UµľQRURGQ\FK LQWU\JXMÇF\FK NV]WDĄWDFK Z U]HF]\ZLVWRĝFL MHVW VLÛ ĝZLDGNLHP QLHE\ZDĄHJR Z\MÇWNRZHJR
SURFHVX SR]QDZDQLD IRUP L PRľOLZRĝFL LFK ĄÇF]HQLD

.ORFNL NRQVWUXNF\MQH SR]ZDODMÇ G]LHFNX VWDÉ VLÛ PDĄ\P QDXNRZFHP NWµU\ G]LÛNL QLP ]QDMGXMH RGSRZLHG]L QD ZLHOH LVWRWQ\FK
S\WDĆ ΖOH VLĄ\ QDOHľ\ ZĄRľ\É DE\ SRĄÇF]\É SRV]F]HJµOQH VHJPHQW\"
&R VLÛ VWDQLH JG\ MXľ ]RVWDQÇ GRSDVRZDQH" : MDNL VSRVµE ]UHDOL]RZDÉ ZĄDVQH Z\REUDľHQLD" R VLÛ VWDQLH JG\ MXľ ]RVWDQÇ GRSDVRZDQH" : MDNL VSRVµE ]UHDOL]RZDÉ ZĄDVQH Z\REUDľHQLD"
&

.ORFNL /RRZL


:V]\VWNLH ]HVWDZ\ NWµUH ZFKRG]Ç Z VNĄDG VHULL NORFNµZ /RRZL VÇ ]XSHĄQÇ QRZRĝFLÇ QD U\QNX :SURZDG]RQH
Z 3ROVFH ] NRĆFHP URN RG UD]X SU]\SDGĄ\ PDĄ\P Xľ\WNRZQLNRP GR JXVWX .ORFNL NRQVWUXNF\MQH /RRZL
SRVLDGDMÇ XQLNDWRZH FHFK\ NWµUH GRFHQLÇ ]DUµZQR FL QDMPĄRGVL MDN L QLHFR VWDUVL NRQVWUXNWRU]\ 'R OLVW\ ]DOHW
QDOHľÇ QLHZLHOND ZDJD SRV]F]HJµOQ\FK HOHPHQWµZ RUD] WUZDĄRĝÉ Z\EXGRZDQ\FK NRQVWUXNFML RUD] ĄDWZRĝÉ
ĄÇF]HQLD L UR]ĄÇF]DQLD SRMHG\QF]\FK NORFNµZ





.ORFNL 0RUSKXQ


: QDV]\P VNOHSLH ]QDMG]LHFLH NORFNL NRQVWUXNF\MQH DQJLHOVNLHM
PDUNL 0RUSKXQ G\VWU\EXRZDQHM Z SRQDG NUDMDFK QD
ĝZLHFLH : ]DOHľQRĝFL RG Z\EUDQHJR ]HVWDZX G]LÛNL NORFNRP
PRľQD WZRU]\É QLHVDPRZLWH EXG\QNL ZLHORZ\PLDURZH
NRQVWUXNFMH ]ZLHU]ÛWD L SRMD]G\ : NDľG\P SXGHĄNX ]QDMGXMH
VLÛ LQVWUXNFMD VNĄDGDQLD ]DZLHUDMÇFD U\VXQNL ] SRGVWDZRZ\PL
PRGHODPL EXGRZOL DOH NORFNL PDMÇ R ZLHOH ZLÛNV]\ SRWHQFMDĄ
WZµUF]\ L WDN QDSUDZGÛ RG G]LHFL ]DOHľ\ RVWDWHF]Q\ Z\JOÇG ZµUF]\ L WDN QDSUDZGÛ RG G]LHFL ]DOHľ\ RVWDWHF]Q\ Z\JOÇG
W
NRQVWUXNFML : ]DOHľQRĝFL RG ZLHNX G]LHFND RIHURZDQH SU]H]
QDV NORFNL NRQVWUXNF\MQH 0RUSKXQ SU]H]QDF]RQH VÇ GOD

PDOXFKµZ SRZ\ľHM L URNX ľ\FLD

)LUPD +DQGORZD 2OOLQHFN

&]ÛVWRFKRZD XO 0DWHMNL 7HO
1DMOHSV]\ Z\EµU NORFNµZ NORFNL HGX SO


HGXNDF\MQ\FK L NRQVWUXNF\MQ\FK H PDLO VNOHS#NORFNL HGX SO





$UW\NXâ\ GOD QLHPRZOĆW 8EUDQND GOD G]LHFL 3LHOXFK\ HNRORJLF]QH 8EUDQND GOD ZF]HğQLDNyZ


&KFHP\ DE\ QDV]D ILUPD %REL VKRS E\âD SU]\MD]QD PDâ\P NOLHQWRP L LFK URG]LFRP

6WDUDQQLH GRELHUDP\ DVRUW\PHQW DE\ RIHURZDQH SU]H] QDV SURGXNW\ E\â\ GREUHM MDNRğFL L EH]SLHF]QH GOD G]LHFL
3URSRQXMHP\ XEUDQND MXī GOD ZF]HğQLDNyZ RG UR]PLDUX MDN L GOD W\FK W\FK ZLċNV]\FK
3RVLDGDP\ XEUDQND GOD G]LHFL ] GREU\FK PDWHULDâyZ WDNLFK MDN QS EDZHâQD RUJDQLF]QD F]\ EDZHâQD VXSLPD

6WDZLDP\ WDNīH QD HNRORJLF]QH NRVPHW\NL SLHOXFK\ L ğURGNL F]\VWRğFL
'OD PDP\ SURSRQXMHP\ DUW\NXâ\ GOD PDP\ WDNLH MDN XEUDQLD DUW\NXâ\ KLJLHQLF]QH NRVPHW\NL HNRORJLF]QH



0\MND IURWWH %DE\2QR

0\MNL %DE\ 2QR WR SURGXNW GRVNRQDâHM MDNRğFL Z\NRQDQH ] EDUG]R
JUXEHJR PLċNNLHJR L FKâRQQHJR IURWWH EDZHâQ\
] KDIWRZDQ\PL DSOLNDFMDPL
&HQD 3/1



ĞOLQLDNL &DWFK )ROG ] SRMHPQLNLHP 5RZHUHN ELHJRZ\ $57, 6SHHG\ 0 /X[H 3LQN
RS V]W %URWKHU 0D[
5RZHUHN $57, 6SHHG\ 0 /X[H WR QRZRF]HVQ\ VXSHU OHNNL
=HVWDZ ĞOLQLDNyZ RSUDFRZDQH WDN DE\ SURFHV L EH]SLHF]Q\ URZHUHN ELHJRZ\ /HNND VWDORZD UDPD VSUDZLD
NDUPLHQLD VWDâ VLċ F]\VWV]\ L âDWZLHMV]\ GOD īH SU]HMDīGīNL VĆ EDUG]R SU]\MHPQH L QLH PċF]Ć G]LHFND NyâND
URG]LFyZ SU]\ MHGQRF]HVQ\P ]DSHZQLHQLX Z\NRQDQH ] EDUG]R Z\WU]\PDâHJR WZRU]\ZD SLDQNRZH NRâD
G]LHFNX WDNLHJR ğOLQLDND NWyU\ RIHUXMH SUDZG]LZ\ ]DSHZQLĆ NRPIRUW EH] REDZ\ R SU]HELFLH RSRQ\
NRPIRUW SU]\ VSRī\ZDQLX SRVLâNyZ &HQD 3/1
&HQD 3/1






:V]\VWNR Z MHGQ\P ² $OO LQ 2QH

,GHDOQ\ GR RVXV]DQLD FLDâD SR NĆSLHOL Z EDVHQLH
PRU]X OXE ZDQQLH
'RVNRQDâH WDNīH MDNR XEUDQNR GR ]DEDZ RJU]HMH 7ZRMH NRORUyZ 1HRSUHQRZD SLDQND GR
G]LHFNR L VSUDZL īH EċG]LH ğZLHWQLH Z\JOĆGDâR Sâ\ZDQLD GOD G]LHFL +DSS\ 1DSS\
8EUDQNR RWZLHUD VLċ FDâNRZLFLH E\ XâDWZLý XELHUDQLH PD
JâċERNL FLHSâ\ L Z\JRGQ\ NDSWXU /DERUDWRULXP 6SODVK $ERXW SR UD] NROHMQ\ ZSURZDG]Lâ GR
+DIWRZDQH GHWDOH U\END QD SU]HGQLHM NLHV]HQL DIWRZDQH GHWDOH U\END QD SU]HGQLHM NLHV]HQL
+ JUXS\ UHZHODF\MQ\FK SLDQHN GOD G]LHFL XWU]\PXMĆF\FK
L GRSDVRZDQH NRORU\VW\F]QLH Z\NRĕF]HQLH FLHSâR Z ZRG]LH QRZĆ QHRSUHQRZĆ SLDQNċ +DSS\ 1DSS\
&HQD 3/1 :\JOĆGHP SU]\SRPLQDMĆFD %DE\ 6QXJ MHGQDN
]DZLHUDMĆFD SUDNW\F]QH PRG\ILNDFMH P LQ VXZDN
QD SOHFDFK ]DPLDVW U]HSX

&HQD 3/1
( PDLO VNOHS#ERELVKRS SO
ZZZ ERELVKRS SO
ZZZ ERELVKRS SO
ZZZ ERELVKRS SO

$UW\NXâ\ GOD QLHPRZOĆW 8EUDQND GOD G]LHFL 3LHOXFK\ HNRORJLF]QH 8EUDQND GOD ZF]HğQLDNyZ


&KFHP\ DE\ QDV]D ILUPD %REL VKRS E\âD SU]\MD]QD PDâ\P NOLHQWRP L LFK URG]LFRP

6WDUDQQLH GRELHUDP\ DVRUW\PHQW DE\ RIHURZDQH SU]H] QDV SURGXNW\ E\â\ GREUHM MDNRğFL L EH]SLHF]QH GOD G]LHFL
3URSRQXMHP\ XEUDQND MXī GOD ZF]HğQLDNyZ RG UR]PLDUX MDN L GOD W\FK W\FK ZLċNV]\FK
3RVLDGDP\ XEUDQND GOD G]LHFL ] GREU\FK PDWHULDâyZ WDNLFK MDN QS EDZHâQD RUJDQLF]QD F]\ EDZHâQD VXSLPD

6WDZLDP\ WDNīH QD HNRORJLF]QH NRVPHW\NL SLHOXFK\ L ğURGNL F]\VWRğFL
'OD PDP\ SURSRQXMHP\ DUW\NXâ\ GOD PDP\ WDNLH MDN XEUDQLD DUW\NXâ\ KLJLHQLF]QH NRVPHW\NL HNRORJLF]QH



0\MND IURWWH %DE\2QR

0\MNL %DE\ 2QR WR SURGXNW GRVNRQDâHM MDNRğFL Z\NRQDQH ] EDUG]R
JUXEHJR PLċNNLHJR L FKâRQQHJR IURWWH EDZHâQ\
] KDIWRZDQ\PL DSOLNDFMDPL
&HQD 3/1



ĞOLQLDNL &DWFK )ROG ] SRMHPQLNLHP 5RZHUHN ELHJRZ\ $57, 6SHHG\ 0 /X[H 3LQN
RS V]W %URWKHU 0D[
5RZHUHN $57, 6SHHG\ 0 /X[H WR QRZRF]HVQ\ VXSHU OHNNL
=HVWDZ ĞOLQLDNyZ RSUDFRZDQH WDN DE\ SURFHV L EH]SLHF]Q\ URZHUHN ELHJRZ\ /HNND VWDORZD UDPD VSUDZLD
NDUPLHQLD VWDâ VLċ F]\VWV]\ L âDWZLHMV]\ GOD īH SU]HMDīGīNL VĆ EDUG]R SU]\MHPQH L QLH PċF]Ć G]LHFND NyâND
URG]LFyZ SU]\ MHGQRF]HVQ\P ]DSHZQLHQLX Z\NRQDQH ] EDUG]R Z\WU]\PDâHJR WZRU]\ZD SLDQNRZH NRâD
G]LHFNX WDNLHJR ğOLQLDND NWyU\ RIHUXMH SUDZG]LZ\ ]DSHZQLĆ NRPIRUW EH] REDZ\ R SU]HELFLH RSRQ\
NRPIRUW SU]\ VSRī\ZDQLX SRVLâNyZ &HQD 3/1
&HQD 3/1






:V]\VWNR Z MHGQ\P ² $OO LQ 2QH

,GHDOQ\ GR RVXV]DQLD FLDâD SR NĆSLHOL Z EDVHQLH
PRU]X OXE ZDQQLH
'RVNRQDâH WDNīH MDNR XEUDQNR GR ]DEDZ RJU]HMH 7ZRMH NRORUyZ 1HRSUHQRZD SLDQND GR
G]LHFNR L VSUDZL īH EċG]LH ğZLHWQLH Z\JOĆGDâR Sâ\ZDQLD GOD G]LHFL +DSS\ 1DSS\
8EUDQNR RWZLHUD VLċ FDâNRZLFLH E\ XâDWZLý XELHUDQLH PD
JâċERNL FLHSâ\ L Z\JRGQ\ NDSWXU /DERUDWRULXP 6SODVK $ERXW SR UD] NROHMQ\ ZSURZDG]Lâ GR
+DIWRZDQH GHWDOH U\END QD SU]HGQLHM NLHV]HQL DIWRZDQH GHWDOH U\END QD SU]HGQLHM NLHV]HQL
+ JUXS\ UHZHODF\MQ\FK SLDQHN GOD G]LHFL XWU]\PXMĆF\FK
L GRSDVRZDQH NRORU\VW\F]QLH Z\NRĕF]HQLH FLHSâR Z ZRG]LH QRZĆ QHRSUHQRZĆ SLDQNċ +DSS\ 1DSS\
&HQD 3/1 :\JOĆGHP SU]\SRPLQDMĆFD %DE\ 6QXJ MHGQDN
]DZLHUDMĆFD SUDNW\F]QH PRG\ILNDFMH P LQ VXZDN
QD SOHFDFK ]DPLDVW U]HSX

&HQD 3/1
( PDLO VNOHS#ERELVKRS SO
ZZZ ERELVKRS SO
ZZZ ERELVKRS SO
ZZZ ERELVKRS SO

'UHZQLDQH ,QVSLUDFMH 3RNRMRZH



süºËÄ귙Ãü •Ú™öĬ‚Ä™ َ½™ •ā¬™¬¢™ Ă ā‚ÃÌö¬™Ä¬™Ɍ C‚æ™Ú¬‚ ºæÌڙ¤Ë êĄüö‚Ãü
æË ɶ ^ö¬™Úº ]üŽ™Úü·Þº¬ɷ Yˎ¬Ãü ÚÌĄÄ™¤Ë Ú˕ā‚·ê ÂÌĄº‚ •Ëú¬ɇ ÂÌāº‚ æ¬×¬ɇ ÂÌāº‚
׬¢æÚËö™ ɇ ÂÌĄº‚ ×˕ö̷ę ɇ ×Ë·™•üŏā™Ɍ ×̺¬ •Ëú¬ɇ ×̺¬ Ă ڙÞËڂº¬ɇ ×̺¬
¬ê©¬™ɇ ×̺¬ ނÃ˽Ëæüɇ º¬æ©™Ä ©™½×™Úüɬ×ËÃˏĬº¬ ºê©™Äęɇ Žê·‚º¬ɬÃËÞ溬 ¬ ¬Äę
َ½™ Ă ¬Ä•üö¬•ê‚½Ä™ ā‚ÃÌö¬™Ä¬™ɌD‚Þā‚ ĈÚ ā½Ëº‚½¬āËö‚Ä‚ ·™Þæ ×˕ s‚ÚÞā‚ö‰ ɬ
]æ‚ĬނöÌö V¬™ÚöÞāü ɚæڂނ Ă D¬™×ËÚ¢æɛ Ɍ ā¬‚‚Ãü ˏāüö¬ß¬™ Ă æ™Ú™Ä¬™ ‚™·
V˽޺¬ ɚöüÞüº¬ ºêÚ¬™ÚÞº¬™ɛ ‚½™ ÚÌöĬ™Ą Ă æ™Ú™Ä¬™ g Ɍ


































=DSUDV]DP\ GR ]DSR]QDQLD VLÛ ] RIHUWÇ











]æ‚ĬނöÌö V¬™ÚöÞāü ʹ ê½Ɍ s™ÞË‚ ȃɇ ǼȁɬǽǾȂ
晽Ɍ ȁȃǼɬȅȀȃɬȅǼȀ
£‚™ŽË˺ɌËÃɒ•Ú™öĬ‚Ä™¬ÄÞ׬ڂ·™×˺˷Ëö™
•Ú™öĬ‚Ä™¬ÄÞ׬ڂ·™×˺˷Ëö™ʱö×Ɍ×½

'UHZQLDQH ,QVSLUDFMH 3RNRMRZH



süºËÄ귙Ãü •Ú™öĬ‚Ä™ َ½™ •ā¬™¬¢™ Ă ā‚ÃÌö¬™Ä¬™Ɍ C‚æ™Ú¬‚ ºæÌڙ¤Ë êĄüö‚Ãü
æË ɶ ^ö¬™Úº ]üŽ™Úü·Þº¬ɷ Yˎ¬Ãü ÚÌĄÄ™¤Ë Ú˕ā‚·ê ÂÌĄº‚ •Ëú¬ɇ ÂÌāº‚ æ¬×¬ɇ ÂÌāº‚
׬¢æÚËö™ ɇ ÂÌĄº‚ ×˕ö̷ę ɇ ×Ë·™•üŏā™Ɍ ×̺¬ •Ëú¬ɇ ×̺¬ Ă ڙÞËڂº¬ɇ ×̺¬
¬ê©¬™ɇ ×̺¬ ނÃ˽Ëæüɇ º¬æ©™Ä ©™½×™Úüɬ×ËÃˏĬº¬ ºê©™Äęɇ Žê·‚º¬ɬÃËÞ溬 ¬ ¬Äę
َ½™ Ă ¬Ä•üö¬•ê‚½Ä™ ā‚ÃÌö¬™Ä¬™ɌD‚Þā‚ ĈÚ ā½Ëº‚½¬āËö‚Ä‚ ·™Þæ ×˕ s‚ÚÞā‚ö‰ ɬ
]æ‚ĬނöÌö V¬™ÚöÞāü ɚæڂނ Ă D¬™×ËÚ¢æɛ Ɍ ā¬‚‚Ãü ˏāüö¬ß¬™ Ă æ™Ú™Ä¬™ ‚™·
V˽޺¬ ɚöüÞüº¬ ºêÚ¬™ÚÞº¬™ɛ ‚½™ ÚÌöĬ™Ą Ă æ™Ú™Ä¬™ g Ɍ


































=DSUDV]DP\ GR ]DSR]QDQLD VLÛ ] RIHUWÇ











]æ‚ĬނöÌö V¬™ÚöÞāü ʹ ê½Ɍ s™ÞË‚ ȃɇ ǼȁɬǽǾȂ
晽Ɍ ȁȃǼɬȅȀȃɬȅǼȀ
£‚™ŽË˺ɌËÃɒ•Ú™öĬ‚Ä™¬ÄÞ׬ڂ·™×˺˷Ëö™
•Ú™öĬ‚Ä™¬ÄÞ׬ڂ·™×˺˷Ëö™ʱö×Ɍ×½

CJ; ]yD;. 9 ]Dy Y ~

™ºËcê×æêÞ¬™ = ]].
™Ä‚Ɇ ǿȅɇȅȅ V=D
;¬Ã ·™Þæ™ßÃüɍ
%.JY.DJ æË ĈÚÂɇ ºæÌڂ ×ËöÞæ‚‚ ā ìÂËߏ¬ •Ë •ā¬™¬Ɍ ©™Ãü öüöËÂüö‚ êß왏© ¬ Þ×ڂö¬‚
ڂ•ËߐɌ s‚ßĬ™ •½‚晤Ëɇ ö º‚Ą•ü ĂÞā ×Ú˕êºæ öºÂ‚•‚Ãü ޙڏ™Ɍ

Ë Úˎ¬Ãüɍ
C‚·‰ Ă êö‚•ā™ ×ڂö¬•ÂËöü ÚËāöÌ· •ā¬™º‚ɇ ÞæöËÚāü½¬ßÃü ·™•üę ¬ ËÚü¤¬Ä‚½Ä™ ™ºËcê×æêÞ¬™Ɍ % ]c Y ɬ =¬Þ™º
ā¬™¬ ×˺ˏ©‚Âü ¬© öü¤Ë•¢ɇ ‚ Ú˕ā¬™ ·‚ºËߐɌ
™ºËcê×æêÞ¬™ = ]].
s s ĂÞā™· Ë£™Ú¬™ āĂ·•ā¬™¬™ ÚÌöĬ™Ą ÞÃˏāº¬ Âں¬ =.V.D.V.ɇ ºæÌڙ öüÚÌĄÄ¬‚ ËÚü¤¬Ä‚½Äü
•™Þ¬¤Ä ¬ ßì™Þāę Ă׬ÞüɌ ™Ä‚Ɇ ȂȁɇǾȂ V=D
D‚Þā™ ™ºË½Ë¤¬āę æ™ÚÃË£ËÚü ā יÞ溂ì ö¬ßĬɇ ×ˤ‚·‰ ö ö‚½™ ā ºË½º‰ ¬ ßö¬™æĬ™
Þ×ڂö•ā‚·‰ Þ¬¢ Ă ÞæÂêā™Ä¬‚Ɍ
9‚º æöËÚāüÃüɍ

9™Þæ™ßÃü ×Ú˕ꏙÄæ™Ã Žê¬ºÌöɇ •½‚æ™¤Ë º‚Ą•‚ ׂڂ ™ºËcê×æêÞ¬Ìö ·™Þæ Þāüæ‚ Þי·‚½Ä¬™ •½‚
ā¬™º‚ɇ ‚Žü ÃˤÂË ¬™Þāü Þ¬¢ öü¤Ë•‰ ¬ öüÂÚāËÄüà öāËڙà Žê¬ºÌöɌ
] D B;. ŽÂ¢º¬æę ¤ö¬‚ā•º¬
s s æÚËޏ™ Ë öüÞ˺‰ ·‚ºËߐ öüºËĂĬ‚ɇ º‚Ą•‚ ׂڂ ·™Þæ Þāüæ‚ Ú¢āĬ™ɇ Ë öü¤‚ •ËºÂ‚•ÄËߏ¬
¬ ā‚ÞêɌ s‚ßĬ™ •½‚æ™¤Ë ĂÞā™ ×Ú˕êºæü މ êĬº‚½Ä™ ¬ öü·‰æºËö™Ɍ ™ºËcê×æêÞ¬™ = ]].
™Ä‚Ɇ ȀȄɇȅȅ V=D
]×ڂö•Ă ĂÞā™ öÞāüÞ溬™ ×Ú˕êºæüɉ









&Y D cJsy ;Jc ; ]ā™½º¬ ɬ &s. ~ ;. B$;.c
™ºËcê×æêÞ¬™ = ]]. ™ºËcê×æêÞ¬™ = ]].

™Ä‚Ɇ ȀȄɇȅȅ V=D ™Ä‚Ɇ ǾǾɇȄǼ V=D










]cY  ; ɬ ÄËöËߐɉ B C C
™ºËcê×æêÞ¬™ = ]]. ]Ãˏāº¬ =.V.D.V.

™Ä‚Ɇ ȀȄɇȅȅ V=D ™Ä‚Ɇ ǽǾɇȅǼ V=D







%.JY.DJ CËæ©™Ú ʲ ©¬½• ™ÞÞËÚ¬™Þ öööɌĈËÚ¬ÄËɌ™ê
ê½Ɍ ‚ā‚ÚËö‚ Ȃɇ ȀǿɬǿǽȂ ¬™½ÞºËɬ ¬‚‚
晽Ɇ ʐȀȄ ȃȅǼ Ȃȃȃ ǼȅǾ Þº½™×ʱĈËÚ¬ÄËɌ™ê

CJ; ]yD;. 9 ]Dy Y ~

™ºËcê×æêÞ¬™ = ]].
™Ä‚Ɇ ǿȅɇȅȅ V=D
;¬Ã ·™Þæ™ßÃüɍ
%.JY.DJ æË ĈÚÂɇ ºæÌڂ ×ËöÞæ‚‚ ā ìÂËߏ¬ •Ë •ā¬™¬Ɍ ©™Ãü öüöËÂüö‚ êß왏© ¬ Þ×ڂö¬‚
ڂ•ËߐɌ s‚ßĬ™ •½‚晤Ëɇ ö º‚Ą•ü ĂÞā ×Ú˕êºæ öºÂ‚•‚Ãü ޙڏ™Ɍ

Ë Úˎ¬Ãüɍ
C‚·‰ Ă êö‚•ā™ ×ڂö¬•ÂËöü ÚËāöÌ· •ā¬™º‚ɇ ÞæöËÚāü½¬ßÃü ·™•üę ¬ ËÚü¤¬Ä‚½Ä™ ™ºËcê×æêÞ¬™Ɍ % ]c Y ɬ =¬Þ™º
ā¬™¬ ×˺ˏ©‚Âü ¬© öü¤Ë•¢ɇ ‚ Ú˕ā¬™ ·‚ºËߐɌ
™ºËcê×æêÞ¬™ = ]].
s s ĂÞā™· Ë£™Ú¬™ āĂ·•ā¬™¬™ ÚÌöĬ™Ą ÞÃˏāº¬ Âں¬ =.V.D.V.ɇ ºæÌڙ öüÚÌĄÄ¬‚ ËÚü¤¬Ä‚½Äü
•™Þ¬¤Ä ¬ ßì™Þāę Ă׬ÞüɌ ™Ä‚Ɇ ȂȁɇǾȂ V=D
D‚Þā™ ™ºË½Ë¤¬āę æ™ÚÃË£ËÚü ā יÞ溂ì ö¬ßĬɇ ×ˤ‚·‰ ö ö‚½™ ā ºË½º‰ ¬ ßö¬™æĬ™
Þ×ڂö•ā‚·‰ Þ¬¢ Ă ÞæÂêā™Ä¬‚Ɍ
9‚º æöËÚāüÃüɍ

9™Þæ™ßÃü ×Ú˕ꏙÄæ™Ã Žê¬ºÌöɇ •½‚æ™¤Ë º‚Ą•‚ ׂڂ ™ºËcê×æêÞ¬Ìö ·™Þæ Þāüæ‚ Þי·‚½Ä¬™ •½‚
ā¬™º‚ɇ ‚Žü ÃˤÂË ¬™Þāü Þ¬¢ öü¤Ë•‰ ¬ öüÂÚāËÄüà öāËڙà Žê¬ºÌöɌ
] D B;. ŽÂ¢º¬æę ¤ö¬‚ā•º¬
s s æÚËޏ™ Ë öüÞ˺‰ ·‚ºËߐ öüºËĂĬ‚ɇ º‚Ą•‚ ׂڂ ·™Þæ Þāüæ‚ Ú¢āĬ™ɇ Ë öü¤‚ •ËºÂ‚•ÄËߏ¬
¬ ā‚ÞêɌ s‚ßĬ™ •½‚æ™¤Ë ĂÞā™ ×Ú˕êºæü މ êĬº‚½Ä™ ¬ öü·‰æºËö™Ɍ ™ºËcê×æêÞ¬™ = ]].
™Ä‚Ɇ ȀȄɇȅȅ V=D
]×ڂö•Ă ĂÞā™ öÞāüÞ溬™ ×Ú˕êºæüɉ









&Y D cJsy ;Jc ; ]ā™½º¬ ɬ &s. ~ ;. B$;.c
™ºËcê×æêÞ¬™ = ]]. ™ºËcê×æêÞ¬™ = ]].

™Ä‚Ɇ ȀȄɇȅȅ V=D ™Ä‚Ɇ ǾǾɇȄǼ V=D










]cY  ; ɬ ÄËöËߐɉ B C C
™ºËcê×æêÞ¬™ = ]]. ]Ãˏāº¬ =.V.D.V.

™Ä‚Ɇ ȀȄɇȅȅ V=D ™Ä‚Ɇ ǽǾɇȅǼ V=D







%.JY.DJ CËæ©™Ú ʲ ©¬½• ™ÞÞËÚ¬™Þ öööɌĈËÚ¬ÄËɌ™ê
ê½Ɍ ‚ā‚ÚËö‚ Ȃɇ ȀǿɬǿǽȂ ¬™½ÞºËɬ ¬‚‚
晽Ɇ ʐȀȄ ȃȅǼ Ȃȃȃ ǼȅǾ Þº½™×ʱĈËÚ¬ÄËɌ™ê

VJ^ . = ~. .$ ɰ ~s. Y~ ;.ɒ&YJ]~;. ;J y; ~. D.DJsy C g]ʨ s BD
VËߏ¬™½ •ā¬™¬¢‚ ;ˏüº¬ •ā¬‚ĬÄËö™

™Ä‚Ɇ ǾȅɇȅǼ V=D ™Ä‚Ɇ ǽȀǼɇǼǼ V=D








VJ^ . = ~. .$ ɰ
c YCJ%JY ~ V ]c ; s.^D.ɰ
~.&ɰ~ &ɒ]BJD.; YK &s. ~ ;.ɒVY ;.

VËߏ¬™½ •ā¬™¬¢‚ VYJCJ 9 ɉɉɉ
™Ä‚Ɇ ǾȅɇȅǼ V=D ™Ä‚Ɇ ǽǽɇȁǼ V=D









VJ g]~;. J ; YC. D. ~ C.$ .gc;.C
VJ= Y C C.D;y &s. ~ ;. V. =g]~; C g]Js ɰ cYK9; cy
Yˤ‚½™ •Ë º‚Úì™Ä¬‚ V¬™½êÞāº¬ Ž‚ÃŽêÞËö™ ¬ ‚½¤Ëö™

™Ä‚Ɇ ȄȅɇǼǼ V=D ™Ä‚Ɇ ǾȃɇȄǿ V=D








YJ& = J ; YC. D. ɰ
~s. Y~ ;.ɒ;YJV;. C.$cJs V. =g]~; C g]Js ɰ %g;]9
Yˤ‚½™ •Ë º‚Úì™Ä¬‚ V¬™½êÞāº¬ Ž‚ÃŽêÞËö™ ¬ ‚½¤Ëö™
™Ä‚Ɇ ǽȅɇǾǾ V=D
™Ä‚Ɇ ȁȁɇȁǼ V=D









J;Yy . ; V. =Js ɰ C By ;]. $ Yg

º™ÞËÚ¬‚ •Ë º‰×¬™½¬
™Ä‚Ɇ ȂǿɇȁǼ V=D







%.JY.DJ CËæ©™Ú ʲ ©¬½• ™ÞÞËÚ¬™Þ öööɌĈËÚ¬ÄËɌ™ê
ê½Ɍ ‚ā‚ÚËö‚ Ȃɇ ȀǿɬǿǽȂ ¬™½ÞºËɬ ¬‚‚
晽Ɇ ʐȀȄ ȃȅǼ Ȃȃȃ ǼȅǾ Þº½™×ʱĈËÚ¬ÄËɌ™ê

VJ^ . = ~. .$ ɰ ~s. Y~ ;.ɒ&YJ]~;. ;J y; ~. D.DJsy C g]ʨ s BD
VËߏ¬™½ •ā¬™¬¢‚ ;ˏüº¬ •ā¬‚ĬÄËö™

™Ä‚Ɇ ǾȅɇȅǼ V=D ™Ä‚Ɇ ǽȀǼɇǼǼ V=D








VJ^ . = ~. .$ ɰ
c YCJ%JY ~ V ]c ; s.^D.ɰ
~.&ɰ~ &ɒ]BJD.; YK &s. ~ ;.ɒVY ;.

VËߏ¬™½ •ā¬™¬¢‚ VYJCJ 9 ɉɉɉ
™Ä‚Ɇ ǾȅɇȅǼ V=D ™Ä‚Ɇ ǽǽɇȁǼ V=D









VJ g]~;. J ; YC. D. ~ C.$ .gc;.C
VJ= Y C C.D;y &s. ~ ;. V. =g]~; C g]Js ɰ cYK9; cy
Yˤ‚½™ •Ë º‚Úì™Ä¬‚ V¬™½êÞāº¬ Ž‚ÃŽêÞËö™ ¬ ‚½¤Ëö™

™Ä‚Ɇ ȄȅɇǼǼ V=D ™Ä‚Ɇ ǾȃɇȄǿ V=D








YJ& = J ; YC. D. ɰ
~s. Y~ ;.ɒ;YJV;. C.$cJs V. =g]~; C g]Js ɰ %g;]9
Yˤ‚½™ •Ë º‚Úì™Ä¬‚ V¬™½êÞāº¬ Ž‚ÃŽêÞËö™ ¬ ‚½¤Ëö™
™Ä‚Ɇ ǽȅɇǾǾ V=D
™Ä‚Ɇ ȁȁɇȁǼ V=D









J;Yy . ; V. =Js ɰ C By ;]. $ Yg

º™ÞËÚ¬‚ •Ë º‰×¬™½¬
™Ä‚Ɇ ȂǿɇȁǼ V=D







%.JY.DJ CËæ©™Ú ʲ ©¬½• ™ÞÞËÚ¬™Þ öööɌĈËÚ¬ÄËɌ™ê
ê½Ɍ ‚ā‚ÚËö‚ Ȃɇ ȀǿɬǿǽȂ ¬™½ÞºËɬ ¬‚‚
晽Ɇ ʐȀȄ ȃȅǼ Ȃȃȃ ǼȅǾ Þº½™×ʱĈËÚ¬ÄËɌ™ê

+FTUFėNZ EPėXJBED[POÁ LBESÁ [BXPEPXD¯X LU¯SB LSFVKF OPXF
USFOEZ OB SZOLV QSBDZ X PCT[BS[F BOJNBDKJ D[BTV XPMOFHP
/B[Á NJTKÁ KFTU QPCVE[FOJF QBTKJ X LBĸEZN LUP QSBHOJF
TBNPSFBMJ[BDKJ QPþÁD[POFK [ [BCBXÁ 8 PEQPXJFE[J OB [BQPUS[FCPXBOJF
SZOLV OB VTþVHJ BOJNBDZKOF EBKFNZ QBUFOU EP OPXFHP [BXPEV KBLP MJEFS
KFTUFėNZ UBN HE[JF OBT QPUS[FCVKFDJF












"OJNBUPS UP PH¯MOPQPMTLJ MJEFS X [BLSFTJF T[LPMFĀ "OJNBDKJ $[BTV 8PMOFHP
PSHBOJ[BDKJ FWFOU¯X PSB[ QPėSFEOJDUXB QSBDZ QS[Z SFBMJ[BDKJ BOJNBDKJ
IPUFMPXZDI [B HSBOJDÁ ,JMLVMFUOJB PCFDOPėÃ OB SZOLV UP TFULJ
QS[FQSPXBE[POZDI T[LPMFĀ DBTUJOH¯X J JNQSF[ EMB OBKXJÕLT[ZDI
5PVSPQFSBUPS¯X X LSBKV J &VSPQJF ,BĸEFHP SPLV DFSUZţLBU "OJNBUPSB
$[BTV 8PMOFHP PECJFSB CMJTLP LVSTBOU¯X QP UP BCZ QSBDPXBÃ
OB BOJNBDKBDI [B HSBOJDÁ PSB[ [EPCZXBÃ EPEBULPXF EPėXJBED[FOJF




































XXX BOJNBUPSDFOUFS DPN


JOGP!BOJNBUPSDFOUFS DPN

+FTUFėNZ EPėXJBED[POÁ LBESÁ [BXPEPXD¯X LU¯SB LSFVKF OPXF
USFOEZ OB SZOLV QSBDZ X PCT[BS[F BOJNBDKJ D[BTV XPMOFHP
/B[Á NJTKÁ KFTU QPCVE[FOJF QBTKJ X LBĸEZN LUP QSBHOJF
TBNPSFBMJ[BDKJ QPþÁD[POFK [ [BCBXÁ 8 PEQPXJFE[J OB [BQPUS[FCPXBOJF
SZOLV OB VTþVHJ BOJNBDZKOF EBKFNZ QBUFOU EP OPXFHP [BXPEV KBLP MJEFS
KFTUFėNZ UBN HE[JF OBT QPUS[FCVKFDJF












"OJNBUPS UP PH¯MOPQPMTLJ MJEFS X [BLSFTJF T[LPMFĀ "OJNBDKJ $[BTV 8PMOFHP
PSHBOJ[BDKJ FWFOU¯X PSB[ QPėSFEOJDUXB QSBDZ QS[Z SFBMJ[BDKJ BOJNBDKJ
IPUFMPXZDI [B HSBOJDÁ ,JMLVMFUOJB PCFDOPėÃ OB SZOLV UP TFULJ
QS[FQSPXBE[POZDI T[LPMFĀ DBTUJOH¯X J JNQSF[ EMB OBKXJÕLT[ZDI
5PVSPQFSBUPS¯X X LSBKV J &VSPQJF ,BĸEFHP SPLV DFSUZţLBU "OJNBUPSB
$[BTV 8PMOFHP PECJFSB CMJTLP LVSTBOU¯X QP UP BCZ QSBDPXBÃ
OB BOJNBDKBDI [B HSBOJDÁ PSB[ [EPCZXBÃ EPEBULPXF EPėXJBED[FOJF




































XXX BOJNBUPSDFOUFS DPN


JOGP!BOJNBUPSDFOUFS DPN

+DSS\+RS WR G\VWU\EXWRU Z\VRNLHM NODV\


GPXFKDĂFµZ L ]DEDZHN RJURGRZ\FK


: QDV]HM RIHUFLH ]QDMGÃ 3DÌVWZR ZV]\VWNR WR F]HJR :DV]H G]LHFL SRWU]HEXMÃ GR Z\ÐPLHQLWHM ]DEDZ\
2IHURZDQH GPXFKDÌFH SRVLDGDMÃ XQLNDOQ\ L FLHNDZ\ Z\JOÃG D SRQDGWR ND×G\ ] QLFK GRVWÇSQ\ MHVW
UµZQLH× Z ZHUVML NRPHUF\MQHM ZLÇNV]HM RG GRPRZ\FK RGSRZLHGQLNµZ

+DSS\ +RS ]DMPXMH VLÇ UµZQLH× RUJDQL]DFMÃ LPSUH] SOHQHURZ\FK ]GHMPXMÃF RERZLÃ]HN SODQRZDQLD
] EDUNµZ URG]LFµZ =DSHZQLDP\ G]LHFLRP QLH]DSRPQLDQH ZUD×HQLD L ZLHOH FLHNDZ\FK ]DEDZ

=DSUDV]DP\ GR ]DSR]QDQLD VLÇ ] QDV]Ã ERJDWÃ RIHUWÃ QD VWURQLH ĆUPRZHM +DSS\+RS















































ZZZ KDSS\KRS SO



ELXUR#KDSS\KRS SO 5$%$78
+DVÊR UDEDWRZH
0DJD]\Q 3U]HGV]NROD

+DSS\+RS WR G\VWU\EXWRU Z\VRNLHM NODV\


GPXFKDĂFµZ L ]DEDZHN RJURGRZ\FK


: QDV]HM RIHUFLH ]QDMGÃ 3DÌVWZR ZV]\VWNR WR F]HJR :DV]H G]LHFL SRWU]HEXMÃ GR Z\ÐPLHQLWHM ]DEDZ\
2IHURZDQH GPXFKDÌFH SRVLDGDMÃ XQLNDOQ\ L FLHNDZ\ Z\JOÃG D SRQDGWR ND×G\ ] QLFK GRVWÇSQ\ MHVW
UµZQLH× Z ZHUVML NRPHUF\MQHM ZLÇNV]HM RG GRPRZ\FK RGSRZLHGQLNµZ

+DSS\ +RS ]DMPXMH VLÇ UµZQLH× RUJDQL]DFMÃ LPSUH] SOHQHURZ\FK ]GHMPXMÃF RERZLÃ]HN SODQRZDQLD
] EDUNµZ URG]LFµZ =DSHZQLDP\ G]LHFLRP QLH]DSRPQLDQH ZUD×HQLD L ZLHOH FLHNDZ\FK ]DEDZ

=DSUDV]DP\ GR ]DSR]QDQLD VLÇ ] QDV]Ã ERJDWÃ RIHUWÃ QD VWURQLH ĆUPRZHM +DSS\+RS















































ZZZ KDSS\KRS SO



ELXUR#KDSS\KRS SO 5$%$78
+DVÊR UDEDWRZH
0DJD]\Q 3U]HGV]NROD









































1$6=( 35(0,(5<



,JQDÐ .LWHN DUFKLWHNW

$QGUHD %HDW\ LOXVWUDWRU 'DYLG 5REHUWV

3U]H]DEDZQD L QLHSRNRUQD NVLÃ×ND

9Ü«ˆĂ¹« ôØãÊύ«Êô— ¼«ã—؁¹Ê R UHDOL]RZDQLX VZRLFK SDVML ZEUHZ
SU]HFLZQRÐFLRP



« Õ« ¹Ã«— «¼èÜãØÊôÃ— =É




5µ]LD 5HZHOND LQ×\QLHUND

1DV]H Z\GDZQLFWZR VSHFMDOL]XMH VLÇ Z VWDUDQQ\P GRERU]H RIHUW\ L SURSRQXMH $QGUHD %HDW\ LOXVWUDWRU 'DYLG 5REHUWV
URG]LFRP L G]LHFLRP Z\VRNLHM MDNRÐFL NVLÃ×NL ]DUµZQR ZDUWRÐFLRZH OLWHUDFNR =DEDZQD L PÃGUD RSRZLHÐÅ R

MDN L SLÇNQLH LOXVWURZDQH 7R ìSLFWXUHERRNVë å NVLÃ×NL Z NWµU\FK WHNVW L REUD] UHDOL]RZDQLX SDVML L QLH]UD×DQLX
ZVSµÊJUDMà ]H VREà WZRU]ÃF XQLNDOQà MDNRÐÅ NWµUHM QLH GDÊRE\ VLÇ RVLÃJQÃÅ EH] VLÇ QLHSRZRG]HQLDPL
KDUPRQLL PLÇG]\ QLPL 6Ã WR SXEOLNDFMH GOD Z\PDJDMÃF\FK å SRXF]DMÃFD
L MHGQRF]HÐQLH HNVF\WXMÃFD OLWHUDWXUD G]LHFLÇFD =É








7HN 1RZRF]HVQ\ MDVNLQLRZLHF

3DWULFN 0F'RQQHOO


=DEDZQ\ VSRVµE PµZLHQLD R ]QDF]HQLX Z\ÊÃF]HQLD
RWDF]DMÃF\FK QDV XU]ÃG]HÌ L FLHV]HQLD VLÇ XURNDPL

SLÇNQHJR ÐZLDWD GRRNRÊD





$GD %DPELQL 1DXNRZF]\QL

$QGUHD %HDW\ LOXVWUDWRU 'DYLG 5REHUWV


=$32:,('Ô





#.LQGHUNXOND




:6=<67.,( .6,ÂÖ., '267Æ31( 1$ ::: .,1'(5.8/.$ 3/

1$6=( 35(0,(5<



,JQDÐ .LWHN DUFKLWHNW

$QGUHD %HDW\ LOXVWUDWRU 'DYLG 5REHUWV

3U]H]DEDZQD L QLHSRNRUQD NVLÃ×ND

9Ü«ˆĂ¹« ôØãÊύ«Êô— ¼«ã—؁¹Ê R UHDOL]RZDQLX VZRLFK SDVML ZEUHZ
SU]HFLZQRÐFLRP



« Õ« ¹Ã«— «¼èÜãØÊôÃ— =É




5µ]LD 5HZHOND LQ×\QLHUND

1DV]H Z\GDZQLFWZR VSHFMDOL]XMH VLÇ Z VWDUDQQ\P GRERU]H RIHUW\ L SURSRQXMH $QGUHD %HDW\ LOXVWUDWRU 'DYLG 5REHUWV
URG]LFRP L G]LHFLRP Z\VRNLHM MDNRÐFL NVLÃ×NL ]DUµZQR ZDUWRÐFLRZH OLWHUDFNR =DEDZQD L PÃGUD RSRZLHÐÅ R

MDN L SLÇNQLH LOXVWURZDQH 7R ìSLFWXUHERRNVë å NVLÃ×NL Z NWµU\FK WHNVW L REUD] UHDOL]RZDQLX SDVML L QLH]UD×DQLX
ZVSµÊJUDMà ]H VREà WZRU]ÃF XQLNDOQà MDNRÐÅ NWµUHM QLH GDÊRE\ VLÇ RVLÃJQÃÅ EH] VLÇ QLHSRZRG]HQLDPL
KDUPRQLL PLÇG]\ QLPL 6Ã WR SXEOLNDFMH GOD Z\PDJDMÃF\FK å SRXF]DMÃFD
L MHGQRF]HÐQLH HNVF\WXMÃFD OLWHUDWXUD G]LHFLÇFD =É








7HN 1RZRF]HVQ\ MDVNLQLRZLHF

3DWULFN 0F'RQQHOO


=DEDZQ\ VSRVµE PµZLHQLD R ]QDF]HQLX Z\ÊÃF]HQLD
RWDF]DMÃF\FK QDV XU]ÃG]HÌ L FLHV]HQLD VLÇ XURNDPL

SLÇNQHJR ÐZLDWD GRRNRÊD





$GD %DPELQL 1DXNRZF]\QL

$QGUHD %HDW\ LOXVWUDWRU 'DYLG 5REHUWV


=$32:,('Ô





#.LQGHUNXOND




:6=<67.,( .6,ÂÖ., '267Æ31( 1$ ::: .,1'(5.8/.$ 3/







=GURZH VWRS\ 'R SURGXNFML REXZLD 0HPR VWRVR

ZDQH VĈ QDMZ\İV]HM MDNRĤFL PDWHULDã\ :LHU
G]LHFND ]FKQLD L ZHZQčWU]QD F]čĤþ EXWD Z\NRQDQD
MHVW ] QDWXUDOQ\FK PLčNNLFK VNyU NR]LFK
LGHDOQ\FK GOD VWRS\ G]LHFND 6NyU\ WH Z
VSRVyE QDWXUDOQ\ GRVWRVRZXMĈ VLč GR
0HPR WR QDMZ\İV]HM MDNRĤFL REXZLH GOD
G]LHFL Z\NRQDQH Z NODV\F]Q\P VW\OX ] VWRS\ W\P VDP\P ]ZLčNV]DMĈ NRPIRUW Xİ\W
QDWXUDOQ\FK PDWHULDãyZ SU]\MD]Q\FK VWRSLH NRZDQLD 1LHNWyUH PRGHOH Z\SRVDİRQH
G]LHFND 8QLNDWRZĈ IXQNFMč GLDJQRVW\F]QĈ ]RVWDã\ Z VSHFMDOLVW\F]QĈ SRGV]HZNč
]DSHZQLD V\VWHP PRQLWRULQJX Z SRGHV]ZLH EH]FKURPRZĈ 1DWXUDOQH PDWHULDã\ R
0HPR :\SUDFRZDQD SU]H] ODWD NRQVWUXN ZãDĤFLZRĤFLDFK KLJURVNRSLMQ\FK VSUDZLDMĈ
FMD L WHFKQRORJLD PRQWDİX EXWyZ 0HPR İH EXW RGG\FKD D VWRSD QLH XOHJD
] ]DSRFHQLX
]\VNDãD\VNDãD X]QDQLH VSHFMDOLVWyZ MDNR
VNXWHF]QD PHWRGD SURILODNW\NL L OHF]HQLD
QDMF]čVWV]\FK ZDG SRVWDZ\









8QLNDWRZ\ V\VWHP G\QDPLF]QHM NRQWUROL
VWyS G]LHFND GDMĈF\ PRİOLZRĤþ ELHİĈFHJR
PRQLWRURZDQLD VWDQX VWyS RUD] QDW\FKPLD
VWRZHM UHDNFML 6SHFMDOQ\ RGVWDZLRQ\ NV]
WDãW SRGHV]Z\ GRGDWNRZR VWDELOL]XMH VWRSč
L ]DSHZQLD SUDZLGãRZH MHM XãRİHQLH SRG 6SHFMDOQD WHFKQRORJLD PRQWDİX
F]DV FKRGX 'LDJQRVW\F]QD SRGHV]ZD 9 WHFK SROHJDMĈFD QD SUDZLGãRZ\P XVW
0HPR 2EV]DUHP GLDJQRVW\F]Q\P REXZLD DZLHQLX FKROHZNL SRGF]DV SURFHVX PRQ
0HPR MHVW MHJR SRGHV]ZD 1D MHM SRZLHU WRZDQLD EXWD 7HFKQRORJLD WD JZDUDQWXMH
]FKQL RUD] QD REFDVLH ]RVWDãR Z\RGUčEQL ]DFKRZDQLH RVL V\PHWULL Z Z\SURGXNRZ
RQ\FK V]HĤþ SRQXPHURZDQ\FK VWUHI ] Z\ DQ\P EXFLH D W\P VDP\P ZUD] ] FKDUDNW
SXNã\PL SDVNDPL ELHİQLND VWUHID QRUP\ HU\VW\F]Q\P V]W\ZQ\P ]DSLčWNLHP L Z\VRNĈ
VWUHID U\]\ND RUD] F]WHU\ VWUHI\ GXİHM G\V FKROHZNĈ ZVSRPDJD SUDZLGãRZ\ UR]ZyM
IXQNFML 3RGF]DV Xİ\WNRZDQLD SDVNL XOHJDMĈ VWyS 2EXZLH 0HPR SR]EDZLRQH MHVW FHFK
ĤFLHUDQLX G]LčNL F]HPX VWDUWH IUDJPHQW\ NRQVWUXNF\MQ\FK PRJĈF\FK ]DNãyFLþ
XPRİOLZLDMĈ V]\ENĈ L SUHF\]\MQĈ GLDJQR]č REUD] U]HF]\ZLVWHM IL]MRORJLL L SRWU]HE VWyS Z
ZDG VWyS RUD] HZHQWXDOQH GREUDQLH RNUHVLH Z]UDVWDQLD ']LčNL WHPX REXZLH
ZNãDGHN : SU]\SDGNX EUDNX NRQLHF]QRĤFL 0HPR XMDZQLD LFK SUDZLGãRZRĤþ PRUIR
VWRVRZDQLD ZNãDGHN NRU\JXMĈF\FK EXW\ ORJLF]QRF]\QQRĤFLRZĈ OXE LVWQLHMĈFH
0HPR VSHãQLDMĈ IXQNFMč SURILODNW\F]QĈ ZDG\ EĈGĮ LFK V\PSWRP\
=HVWDZ ZNãDGHN ZFKRG]ĈF\FK Z VNãDG
V\VWHPX\VWHPX 0HPR ZUD] ] ZEXGRZDQ\P Z
V 3URGXNW X]\VNDã SR]\W\ZQĈ RSLQLč
SRGHV]ZLH REFDVHP 7KRPDV·D QDGDMH Å&HQWUXP =GURZLD ']LHFNDµ
EXWRP 0HPR FKDUDNWHU REXZLD NRUHNF\M
QHJR 2GSRZLHGQLD GOD G]LHFND ZNãDGND
PRİH E\þ GREUDQD EH]SRĤUHGQLR SU]H]
URG]LFD QD SRGVWDZLH ]DãĈF]RQHM LQVWUXNFML
Xİ\WNRZDQLD 6\VWHPX 0HPR OXE ZJ ZVND
]Dę VSHFMDOLVW\




ZZZ ]GURZHEXFLNL SO






Click to View FlipBook Version
Previous Book
brochure final
Next Book
10-0149_Agglika_ST-Dim_BK