The words you are searching are inside this book. To get more targeted content, please make full-text search by clicking here.
Discover the best professional documents and content resources in AnyFlip Document Base.
Search
Published by B&R, 2018-11-30 07:51:44

MP Homeland

ˆ˃ʸΆˁʼʴˀˌ ʷˍʼʸʶʼʸʶʸ ˀʴ˅ˍʸˁʼʴ
























































ʻˢˠ˘˟˔ˡ˗ʡˇˢˬ˦ʟ ʺˢ˥˖˭˔Ή˦˞˔ ʦʟ
ʦʧʠʧʣʣ ˁˢ˪ˬ ˇ˔˥˚ ˪˪˪ʡ˛ˢˠ˘˟˔ˡ˗ʡ˧ˢˬ˦
ˇ˘˟ʡʭ ʣʣ ʧʫ ʪʬʥ ʦʨʥ ʧʧʧ ˞ˢˡ˧˔˞˧ʳ˛ˢˠ˘˟˔ˡ˗ʡ˧ˢˬ˦

ʻˢˠ˘˟˔ˡ˗ʡ˧ˢˬ˦ ˝˘˦˧ ˣ˥˭˘˗˦˜ͩ˪˭˜ͩ˖˜˘ˠ ˠ˔˝͗˖ˬˠ ˦ˣ˘·ˡ˜˔͙ ˗˭˜˘˖˜ͩ˖˘ ˠ˔˥˭˘ˡ˜˔ʟ ˔
˝˘˗ˡˬˠ ˭ ˡ˜˖˛ ˡ˜˘˪͗˧ˣ˟˜˪˜˘ ˝˘˦˧ ˦˞˥˔˪˘˞ ˪·˔˦ˡ˘˚ˢ Ν˪˜˔˧˔ ˪ˬˢ˕˥˔θˡ˜ʟ ˭˔˪˔˥˧ˬ ˪
˖˭˧˘˥˘˖˛ Ν˖˜˔ˡ˔˖˛ ˡ˜˘˪˜˘˟˞˜˘˚ˢ ˗ˢˠ˞˨ʟ ˪˜˗˭˜˔˟ˡˬ ˣ˥˭˘˭ ˗˭˜˘˖˜ͩ˖͗ ˙˔ˡ˧˔˭˝ͩ ˜ ˥˔˗ˢΝ͙
˭ ˭˔˕˔˪ˬʡ ˇ˨˧˔˝ ˟˔˟˞˜ ˡ˜˘ ˦͗ ˧ˬ˟˞ˢ ˟˔˟˞˔ˠ˜ʟ ˔ κˬ˪ˬˠ˜ ˣˢ˦˧˔˖˜˔ˠ˜ ˠ˔˝͗˖ˬˠ˜ ˦˪ˢ˝˘
ˣ˥˔˚ˡ˜˘ˡ˜˔ ˜ ˣˢ˧˥˭˘˕ˬʡ




























ˆˣ˘˖˝˔˟˜˭˨˝˘ˠˬ ˦˜ͩ ˪ ˥ͩ˖˭ˡ˜˘ ˪ˬ˧˪˔˥˭˔ˡˬ˖˛ ˜ ˗˘˞ˢ˥ˢ˪˔ˡˬ˖˛ ˗ˢˠ˞˔˖˛ ˢ˥˔˭ ˠ˘˕˘˟˞˔˖˛
˗˟˔ ˟˔˟˘˞ʡ ˊ˦˭ˬ˦˧˞˜˘ ˢ˙˘˥ˢ˪˔ˡ˘ ˣ˥˭˘˭ ˡ˔˦ ˣ˥ˢ˗˨˞˧ˬ ˪ˬ˞ˢˡ˔ˡ˘ ˦͗ ˝˔˞ ˗˔˪ˡ˜˘˝ ʠ ˭ ˟˜˧˘˚ˢ
˗˥˘˪ˡ˔ʟ ˠ˔˟ˢ˪˔ˡ˘ ˔˞˥ˬ˟˘ˠ ˜ ˣˢ˞˥ˬ˧˘ ˔˧˘˦˧ˢ˪˔ˡˬˠ˜ ˙˔˥˕˔ˠ˜ʡ

ˁ˔˦˭˘ ˠ˘˕˘˟˞˜ ˡ˜˘ ˦͗ ˧ˬ˟˞ˢ ˣ˥ˢ˗˨˞˧˘ˠʟ ˦͗ ˢ˪ˢ˖˘ˠ ˭˔˔ˡ˚˔κˢ˪˔ˡ˜˔ʟ ˪ˬ˦˜·˞˨ ˜ ˦˧˔˥˔Ή ʠ ˣ˥˭˘˭
˖ˢ ˡ˔˦˭ˬˠ ˭˗˔ˡ˜˘ˠ ˠ˔˝͗ ˦˪ˢ˝͗ ˗˨˦˭ͩʡ ˁ˜˘ ˭ˡ˔˝˗˭˜˘˦˭ ˧˨˧˔˝ ˗˪ͅ˖˛ ˜˗˘ˡ˧ˬ˖˭ˡˬ˖˛ ˠ˘˕˘˟˞ͅ˪ʡ
ˊˬ˞ˢˡ˔ˡ˘ ˣ˥˭˘˭ ˡ˔˦ ˣ˥ˢ˗˨˞˧ˬ ˖˘˖˛˨˝˘ ˪ˬ˦ˢ˞˔ ˝˔˞ˢΝ͙ ˢ˥˔˭ ˪ˬ˧˥˭ˬˠ˔·ˢΝ͙ʟ ˗˭˜ͩ˞˜ ˖˭˘ˠ˨
ˠ˔˦˭ ˣ˘˪ˡˢΝ͙ʟ κ˘ ˔ˡ˜ ˟˔˟˞˔ʟ ˔ˡ˜ ˗˭˜˘˖˞ˢʟ ˡ˜˘ ˭ˡ˜˦˭˖˭͗ ˜˖˛ ˪ ˖˜͗˚˨ ˠ˜˘˦˜͗˖˔ ˘˞˦ˣ˟ˢ˔˧˔˖˝˜ʡ



























ʻˢˠ˘˟˔ˡ˗ʡˇˢˬ˦ʟ ʺˢ˥˖˭˔Ή˦˞˔ ʦʟ
ʦʧʠʧʣʣ ˁˢ˪ˬ ˇ˔˥˚ ˪˪˪ʡ˛ˢˠ˘˟˔ˡ˗ʡ˧ˢˬ˦
ˇ˘˟ʡʭ ʣʣ ʧʫ ʪʬʥ ʦʨʥ ʧʧʧ ˞ˢˡ˧˔˞˧ʳ˛ˢˠ˘˟˔ˡ˗ʡ˧ˢˬ˦

ʻˢˠ˘˟˔ˡ˗ʡ˧ˢˬ˦ ˝˘˦˧ ˣ˥˭˘˗˦˜ͩ˪˭˜ͩ˖˜˘ˠ ˠ˔˝͗˖ˬˠ ˦ˣ˘·ˡ˜˔͙ ˗˭˜˘˖˜ͩ˖˘ ˠ˔˥˭˘ˡ˜˔ʟ ˔
˝˘˗ˡˬˠ ˭ ˡ˜˖˛ ˡ˜˘˪͗˧ˣ˟˜˪˜˘ ˝˘˦˧ ˦˞˥˔˪˘˞ ˪·˔˦ˡ˘˚ˢ Ν˪˜˔˧˔ ˪ˬˢ˕˥˔θˡ˜ʟ ˭˔˪˔˥˧ˬ ˪
˖˭˧˘˥˘˖˛ Ν˖˜˔ˡ˔˖˛ ˡ˜˘˪˜˘˟˞˜˘˚ˢ ˗ˢˠ˞˨ʟ ˪˜˗˭˜˔˟ˡˬ ˣ˥˭˘˭ ˗˭˜˘˖˜ͩ˖͗ ˙˔ˡ˧˔˭˝ͩ ˜ ˥˔˗ˢΝ͙
˭ ˭˔˕˔˪ˬʡ ˇ˨˧˔˝ ˟˔˟˞˜ ˡ˜˘ ˦͗ ˧ˬ˟˞ˢ ˟˔˟˞˔ˠ˜ʟ ˔ κˬ˪ˬˠ˜ ˣˢ˦˧˔˖˜˔ˠ˜ ˠ˔˝͗˖ˬˠ˜ ˦˪ˢ˝˘
ˣ˥˔˚ˡ˜˘ˡ˜˔ ˜ ˣˢ˧˥˭˘˕ˬʡ




























ˆˣ˘˖˝˔˟˜˭˨˝˘ˠˬ ˦˜ͩ ˪ ˥ͩ˖˭ˡ˜˘ ˪ˬ˧˪˔˥˭˔ˡˬ˖˛ ˜ ˗˘˞ˢ˥ˢ˪˔ˡˬ˖˛ ˗ˢˠ˞˔˖˛ ˢ˥˔˭ ˠ˘˕˘˟˞˔˖˛
˗˟˔ ˟˔˟˘˞ʡ ˊ˦˭ˬ˦˧˞˜˘ ˢ˙˘˥ˢ˪˔ˡ˘ ˣ˥˭˘˭ ˡ˔˦ ˣ˥ˢ˗˨˞˧ˬ ˪ˬ˞ˢˡ˔ˡ˘ ˦͗ ˝˔˞ ˗˔˪ˡ˜˘˝ ʠ ˭ ˟˜˧˘˚ˢ
˗˥˘˪ˡ˔ʟ ˠ˔˟ˢ˪˔ˡ˘ ˔˞˥ˬ˟˘ˠ ˜ ˣˢ˞˥ˬ˧˘ ˔˧˘˦˧ˢ˪˔ˡˬˠ˜ ˙˔˥˕˔ˠ˜ʡ

ˁ˔˦˭˘ ˠ˘˕˘˟˞˜ ˡ˜˘ ˦͗ ˧ˬ˟˞ˢ ˣ˥ˢ˗˨˞˧˘ˠʟ ˦͗ ˢ˪ˢ˖˘ˠ ˭˔˔ˡ˚˔κˢ˪˔ˡ˜˔ʟ ˪ˬ˦˜·˞˨ ˜ ˦˧˔˥˔Ή ʠ ˣ˥˭˘˭
˖ˢ ˡ˔˦˭ˬˠ ˭˗˔ˡ˜˘ˠ ˠ˔˝͗ ˦˪ˢ˝͗ ˗˨˦˭ͩʡ ˁ˜˘ ˭ˡ˔˝˗˭˜˘˦˭ ˧˨˧˔˝ ˗˪ͅ˖˛ ˜˗˘ˡ˧ˬ˖˭ˡˬ˖˛ ˠ˘˕˘˟˞ͅ˪ʡ
ˊˬ˞ˢˡ˔ˡ˘ ˣ˥˭˘˭ ˡ˔˦ ˣ˥ˢ˗˨˞˧ˬ ˖˘˖˛˨˝˘ ˪ˬ˦ˢ˞˔ ˝˔˞ˢΝ͙ ˢ˥˔˭ ˪ˬ˧˥˭ˬˠ˔·ˢΝ͙ʟ ˗˭˜ͩ˞˜ ˖˭˘ˠ˨
ˠ˔˦˭ ˣ˘˪ˡˢΝ͙ʟ κ˘ ˔ˡ˜ ˟˔˟˞˔ʟ ˔ˡ˜ ˗˭˜˘˖˞ˢʟ ˡ˜˘ ˭ˡ˜˦˭˖˭͗ ˜˖˛ ˪ ˖˜͗˚˨ ˠ˜˘˦˜͗˖˔ ˘˞˦ˣ˟ˢ˔˧˔˖˝˜ʡ



























ʻˢˠ˘˟˔ˡ˗ʡˇˢˬ˦ʟ ʺˢ˥˖˭˔Ή˦˞˔ ʦʟ
ʦʧʠʧʣʣ ˁˢ˪ˬ ˇ˔˥˚ ˪˪˪ʡ˛ˢˠ˘˟˔ˡ˗ʡ˧ˢˬ˦
ˇ˘˟ʡʭ ʣʣ ʧʫ ʪʬʥ ʦʨʥ ʧʧʧ ˞ˢˡ˧˔˞˧ʳ˛ˢˠ˘˟˔ˡ˗ʡ˧ˢˬ˦

0LD -* WR SURMHNW UHDOL]RZDQ\ ] SRWU]HE\ VSHÊQLHQLD WZµUF]\FK WDOHQWµZ RUD]
QLHRJUDQLF]RQHM PLÊRÐFL GR G]LHFL -HVWHÐP\ GUX×\QÃ 0DPD &µUND NWµUH SHZQHJR
GQLD VWZLHUG]LÊ\ ×H FµUNL SRP\VÊ\ D PDP\ ]GROQH UÃF]NL WR QDSUDZGÇ GREUH SRÊÃF]HQLH
$ SRQLHZD× Z 1DV]HM URG]LQLH QLH PD ZLÇNV]HM PLÊRÐFL QL× WD GR G]LHFL SRVWDQRZLÊ\ÐP\
VWZRU]\Å OLQLÇ SURGXNWµZ G]LHFLÇF\FK NWµUH SU]HÊDPXMÃ QXGÇ NWµUH VÃ RU\JLQDOQH
L Z\MÃWNRZH QLH PDUNHWRZH QLH VLHFLRZH QLH WDÐPRZH WDNLH SR SURVWX 1DV]H

'X×R SRGUµ×XMHX×R SRGUµ×XMHP\ >NWR E\ SRP\ÐODÊ @ D ] ND×GHJR RGZLHG]DQHJR PLHMVFD ]DPLDVW
'
SDPLÃWHN SU]\ZR]LP\ EHONL PDWHULDʵZ ] NWµU\FK WR ND×GHJR GQLD WZRU]\P\ QDV]H
FXGQRÐFL : ×\FLX EDUG]R FHQLP\ ]JRGÇ PLÇG]\ VWDQHP XP\VÊX L FLDÊD D QDV]D SUDFD
MHVW W\ONR GRZRGHP QD WR ×H WDNLH SRUR]XPLHQLH LVWQLHMH 0\ SR SURVWX NRFKDP\ WR FR
URELP\ , VWDUDP\ VLÇ XF]\QLÅ ] WHJR VSRVµE QD ×\FLH

0,$-* +$1'0$'(#*0$,/ &20

0LD -* WR SURMHNW UHDOL]RZDQ\ ] SRWU]HE\ VSHÊQLHQLD WZµUF]\FK WDOHQWµZ RUD]
QLHRJUDQLF]RQHM PLÊRÐFL GR G]LHFL -HVWHÐP\ GUX×\QÃ 0DPD &µUND NWµUH SHZQHJR
GQLD VWZLHUG]LÊ\ ×H FµUNL SRP\VÊ\ D PDP\ ]GROQH UÃF]NL WR QDSUDZGÇ GREUH SRÊÃF]HQLH
$ SRQLHZD× Z 1DV]HM URG]LQLH QLH PD ZLÇNV]HM PLÊRÐFL QL× WD GR G]LHFL SRVWDQRZLÊ\ÐP\
VWZRU]\Å OLQLÇ SURGXNWµZ G]LHFLÇF\FK NWµUH SU]HÊDPXMÃ QXGÇ NWµUH VÃ RU\JLQDOQH
L Z\MÃWNRZH QLH PDUNHWRZH QLH VLHFLRZH QLH WDÐPRZH WDNLH SR SURVWX 1DV]H

'X×R SRGUµ×XMHX×R SRGUµ×XMHP\ >NWR E\ SRP\ÐODÊ @ D ] ND×GHJR RGZLHG]DQHJR PLHMVFD ]DPLDVW
'
SDPLÃWHN SU]\ZR]LP\ EHONL PDWHULDʵZ ] NWµU\FK WR ND×GHJR GQLD WZRU]\P\ QDV]H
FXGQRÐFL : ×\FLX EDUG]R FHQLP\ ]JRGÇ PLÇG]\ VWDQHP XP\VÊX L FLDÊD D QDV]D SUDFD
MHVW W\ONR GRZRGHP QD WR ×H WDNLH SRUR]XPLHQLH LVWQLHMH 0\ SR SURVWX NRFKDP\ WR FR
URELP\ , VWDUDP\ VLÇ XF]\QLÅ ] WHJR VSRVµE QD ×\FLH

0,$-* +$1'0$'(#*0$,/ &20

T[VLBK X OBKMFQT[ZDI

LTJǗHBSOJBDI

PSB[ OB







8ZEBXOJDUXP +VOH 0ò 4LB QPXTUB’P X SPLV [ JOJDKBUZXZ BLUPSLJ
&EZUZ +VOHPXTLJFK LUØSB [BGBTDZOPXBOB UXØSD[PǴDJnj "TUSJE -JOEHSFO
QPTUBOPXJ’B XZEBǎ OBKXBȈOJFKT[F E[JF’B T[XFE[LJFK QJTBSLJ X GPSNJF

LTJnjȈFL EP T’VDIBOJB * UBL QPXTUB’Z TFSJF BVEJPCPPLØX
[ QS[ZHPEBNJ 1JQQJ %[JFDJ [ #VMMFSCZO ,BSMTTPOB [ %BDIV #SBDJ
- -XJF 4FSDF &NJMB [F 4NBMBOEJJ J JOOZDI

+VȈ QJFSXT[Z BVEJPCPPL v1JQQJ 1PǩD[PT[BOLBw [PTUB’B

#FTUTFMMFSFN &NQJLV X LBUFHPSJJ BVEJPCPPL B v%[JFDJ
[ #VMMFSCZOw CZ’Z OPNJOPXBOF EP UFK OBHSPEZ

8 SPLV v%[JFDJ [ #VMMFSCZOw [PTUB’Z #FTUTFMMFSFN &NQJLV
PSB[ PUS[ZNB’Z UZUV’ v4VQFSQSPEVLUw OBEBXBOZ QS[F[
D[BTPQJTNP v.BN E[JFDLPw














































+VOH Pò TLB &EZUB +VOHPXTLB 4Q ,
VM ,SZQTLB 8BST[BXB 1PMTLB
UFM
F NBJM TLMFQ!KVOHPòTLB QM

T[VLBK X OBKMFQT[ZDI

LTJǗHBSOJBDI

PSB[ OB







8ZEBXOJDUXP +VOH 0ò 4LB QPXTUB’P X SPLV [ JOJDKBUZXZ BLUPSLJ
&EZUZ +VOHPXTLJFK LUØSB [BGBTDZOPXBOB UXØSD[PǴDJnj "TUSJE -JOEHSFO
QPTUBOPXJ’B XZEBǎ OBKXBȈOJFKT[F E[JF’B T[XFE[LJFK QJTBSLJ X GPSNJF

LTJnjȈFL EP T’VDIBOJB * UBL QPXTUB’Z TFSJF BVEJPCPPLØX
[ QS[ZHPEBNJ 1JQQJ %[JFDJ [ #VMMFSCZO ,BSMTTPOB [ %BDIV #SBDJ
- -XJF 4FSDF &NJMB [F 4NBMBOEJJ J JOOZDI

+VȈ QJFSXT[Z BVEJPCPPL v1JQQJ 1PǩD[PT[BOLBw [PTUB’B

#FTUTFMMFSFN &NQJLV X LBUFHPSJJ BVEJPCPPL B v%[JFDJ
[ #VMMFSCZOw CZ’Z OPNJOPXBOF EP UFK OBHSPEZ

8 SPLV v%[JFDJ [ #VMMFSCZOw [PTUB’Z #FTUTFMMFSFN &NQJLV
PSB[ PUS[ZNB’Z UZUV’ v4VQFSQSPEVLUw OBEBXBOZ QS[F[
D[BTPQJTNP v.BN E[JFDLPw














































+VOH Pò TLB &EZUB +VOHPXTLB 4Q ,
VM ,SZQTLB 8BST[BXB 1PMTLB
UFM
F NBJM TLMFQ!KVOHPòTLB QM

-8 Z- X 24# 4Z ƺƹƹYǁƹ




-ç¼ēÜ đÄáãÑ°ãē ƵƴƴĒƼƴ ñÑÜçđ°ãēȤ ÀĖÑ°ãÑã° Ƶƴƴ ñôç¼ȩ
đÄáãē Ė đÄÝþôÄâ »°đÄáãÑ°ãēâȤ ÷ĖüôþÜ÷ÑÜÑÄâȩ
XÄáã° đ ÜçÝçôĖÄ ÄÜôÑȤ đÄÝþô đ ñ°÷ļĖÜÑ üþôÜþ÷çđÄȤ
âÑÌüçđÄ Ñ »Ñ°áÄȩ 8»÷Ėēüē Ý°âèđÜ· »°đÄáãÑ°ã·
đ ÎđÑ°ĖÀÜÑȩ ç ÜçâñÝÄüþ ñç÷ĖÄđÜ° ã° Û°÷ÑÄÜ ƸƴĒƸƴ


IÝѼĖã°ÜçáÀÄôÜ°ȩñÝ Äã°Ȩ ǀǂȩƹƹ Ėá

]ÎçÀãÑÄ Ė ÀĖÑļÑ̼ēâÑ ÷ü°ãÀ°ô°âÑ


X ÷ÜÝÄñÑÄ IÝѼĖã°ÜçáÀÄôÜ°ȩñÝ Ėã°ÛÀĖÑļÑÄ B°ä÷üđç Üç¼ēÜÑ ÀÝ° ÀĖÑÄ¼Ñ đēÛ·üÜçđÄȤ
ãÑÄ÷Ė°»ÝçãçđÄȤ ¼ÑÄ÷Ė·¼Ä ç¼ĖēȤ Ė ã°üþô°Ýãē¼ÐȤ ¼ç ÷ÑÌ ôèđã° ã°ÛÝÄñ÷Ėē¼Ð üÜ°ãÑãȤ »ÄĖ -8 Z- X 24# 4Z ƺƹƹYǁƹ
ç÷Ė¼ĖÌÀãçø¼Ñ ã° â°üÄôÑ°á°¼Ð Ñ ¼Ė°÷ÑÄȤ Üüèô° ÛÄ÷ü ¼Ð°ô°ÜüÄôē÷üē¼Ėã° ÀÝ° ñôçÀþܼÛÑ â°÷çđÄÛȮ
ñçĖ° üēâ ÷· üç Üç¼ēÜÑ ñôç÷üç çÀ ñôçÀþ¼Äãü°Ȥ ° ñçâÑÛ°Û·¼ ñçøôÄÀãÑÜèđ þĖē÷ÜþÛÄâē
ã°ÛÝÄñ÷Ė· ¼ÄãÌȩ -ç¼ēÜÑ ÷· ñô°Üüē¼ĖãÄȤ Ñ Ėç÷ü°ã· ã° ÀáþÎÑÄ Ý°ü°Ȥ »ç ÷· âÑáÄȤ á°ÀãÄ Ñ üôđ°áÄȮ
° ÛÄÀãç¼ĖÄøãÑÄ đ ñôĖē÷üÌñãē¼Ð ¼Äã°¼Ðȩ ]°ñô°÷Ė°â ÷ÄôÀļĖãÑÄ Àç Ė°Üþñèđȩ -ç¼ēÜ đÄáãÑ°ãē ƵƴƴĒƼƴ ñÑÜçđ°ãēȤ ÀĖÑ°ãÑã° Ƶƴƴ ñôç¼ȩ
đÄáãē Ė đÄÝþôÄâ »°đÄáãÑ°ãēâȤ ÷ĖüôþÜ÷ÑÜÑÄâȩ XÄáã°
đ ÜçÝçôĖÄ ÄÜôÑȤ đÄÝþô đ ñ°÷ļĖÜÑ áç÷ç÷ÑçđÄȤ âÑÌüçđÄ
Ñ »Ñ°á°ȩ 8»÷Ėēüē Ý°âèđÜ· »°đÄáãÑ°ã· đ ÎđÑ°ĖÀÜÑȩ

Äã°Ȩ ǀǂȩƹƹ Ėá








-8 Z- 3#4-# ƺƹƹYǁƹ B#-8X 4Z




-ç¼ēÜ âÑãÜÑ ƵƴƴĒƼƴ ñÑÜçđ°ãē Ė ñáèüãÄâ
»°đÄáãÑ°ãēâȩ 3ÑãÜÑ đ ñ°÷ÜÑȤ »°ôÀĖç âÑÌÜÜ°
Ñ âÑá° đ ÀçüēÜþ ÀĖÑ°ãÑã° đ ñçá·¼ĖÄãÑþ Ė ñáèüãÄâ
»°đÄáãÑ°ãēâ đ ÷ü°üÜÑ ã° »Ñ°áēâ üÝÄȩ -ç¼ēÜ ÛÄ÷ü
ç»÷Ėēüē Ý°âèđÜ· »°đÄáãÑ°ã·ȩ °áçø½ đ âÑáē¼Ð
ÜçÝçô°¼Ð ãÑÄ»ÑÄ÷ÜÑâȤ »áÌÜÑüãēâȤ Û°÷ãēâ üþôÜþ÷çđēâ
Äã°Ȩ ƾǂȩƹƹ Ėá





-8 Z- X 24# 4Z ǀƾYǁƹ B8 X9,4 . 4 .


-ç¼ēÜ ãÑÄâçđÝ̼ē »°đÄáãÑ°ãē ƻƴĒƼƴ ñçÀđèÛã°
ĸ°ãÄÝ°Ȥ ñÑÜçđ°ãēȤ ç»÷Ėēüē »°đÄáãÑ°ã· Ý°âèđÜ·
ôèęçđ· đ ÎđÑ°ĖÀÜÑȩ -ç¼ēÜ ÛÄ÷ü đ øÝѼĖãēâ ôèęçđēâ
BB" Ȯ X°ÎãÄô ɓ 3ø¼Ñ¼Ðèđ ƸƽȤ ƶƺɎƺƹƴ BôĖēüēÜ ÜçÝçôĖÄ Ė ã°ÀôþÜçđ°ãēâÑ âÑ÷Ñ°âÑȩ LÄÎç üēñþ Üç¼ēÜÑ
÷· »°ôÀĖç ñôĖēÀ°üãÄ đ þñ°áēȤ ñçãÑÄđ°ę ¼ÐôçãÑ·
-çãü°Üü üÄÝÄÍçãѼĖãē ɂçÀ ñçãÑÄÀĖÑ°áÜþ Àç ñÑ·üÜþȤ â°ÝÄä÷üđç ñôĖÄÀ þÜ·÷ĖÄãÑ°âÑȤ ° Ė ÀôþÎÑÄÛ ÷üôçãē
đ ÎçÀĖÑ㰼РƼȣƴƴɎƵƺȣƴƴɃȣ ƺƴƷƺƷƹƽƴƶ »°đÄáã° đ þñ°áē â° đá°ø¼Ñđçø¼Ñ ¼ÐáçÀĖ·¼Ä Ñ ¼ÐôçãÑ
-çãü°Üü â°ÑÝçđēȣ ÷ÝѼĖã°ÜçÝÀÄôÜ°ˀÎâ°ÑÝȩ¼çâ Ýþ» ÷ÐçñˀÜç¼ēÜȩ¼çâȩñÝ
ñôôĖÄÀ ÷áçä¼Äâ
ñ
đđđȮÜç¼ēÜȮ¼çâȮñÝ Äã°Ȩ Ƽƹȩƹƹ Ėá

-8 Z- X 24# 4Z ƺƹƹYǁƹ




-ç¼ēÜ đÄáãÑ°ãē ƵƴƴĒƼƴ ñÑÜçđ°ãēȤ ÀĖÑ°ãÑã° Ƶƴƴ ñôç¼ȩ
đÄáãē Ė đÄÝþôÄâ »°đÄáãÑ°ãēâȤ ÷ĖüôþÜ÷ÑÜÑÄâȩ
XÄáã° đ ÜçÝçôĖÄ ÄÜôÑȤ đÄÝþô đ ñ°÷ļĖÜÑ üþôÜþ÷çđÄȤ
âÑÌüçđÄ Ñ »Ñ°áÄȩ 8»÷Ėēüē Ý°âèđÜ· »°đÄáãÑ°ã·
đ ÎđÑ°ĖÀÜÑȩ ç ÜçâñÝÄüþ ñç÷ĖÄđÜ° ã° Û°÷ÑÄÜ ƸƴĒƸƴ


IÝѼĖã°ÜçáÀÄôÜ°ȩñÝ Äã°Ȩ ǀǂȩƹƹ Ėá

]ÎçÀãÑÄ Ė ÀĖÑļÑ̼ēâÑ ÷ü°ãÀ°ô°âÑ


X ÷ÜÝÄñÑÄ IÝѼĖã°ÜçáÀÄôÜ°ȩñÝ Ėã°ÛÀĖÑļÑÄ B°ä÷üđç Üç¼ēÜÑ ÀÝ° ÀĖÑÄ¼Ñ đēÛ·üÜçđÄȤ
ãÑÄ÷Ė°»ÝçãçđÄȤ ¼ÑÄ÷Ė·¼Ä ç¼ĖēȤ Ė ã°üþô°Ýãē¼ÐȤ ¼ç ÷ÑÌ ôèđã° ã°ÛÝÄñ÷Ėē¼Ð üÜ°ãÑãȤ »ÄĖ -8 Z- X 24# 4Z ƺƹƹYǁƹ
ç÷Ė¼ĖÌÀãçø¼Ñ ã° â°üÄôÑ°á°¼Ð Ñ ¼Ė°÷ÑÄȤ Üüèô° ÛÄ÷ü ¼Ð°ô°ÜüÄôē÷üē¼Ėã° ÀÝ° ñôçÀþܼÛÑ â°÷çđÄÛȮ
ñçĖ° üēâ ÷· üç Üç¼ēÜÑ ñôç÷üç çÀ ñôçÀþ¼Äãü°Ȥ ° ñçâÑÛ°Û·¼ ñçøôÄÀãÑÜèđ þĖē÷ÜþÛÄâē
ã°ÛÝÄñ÷Ė· ¼ÄãÌȩ -ç¼ēÜÑ ÷· ñô°Üüē¼ĖãÄȤ Ñ Ėç÷ü°ã· ã° ÀáþÎÑÄ Ý°ü°Ȥ »ç ÷· âÑáÄȤ á°ÀãÄ Ñ üôđ°áÄȮ
° ÛÄÀãç¼ĖÄøãÑÄ đ ñôĖē÷üÌñãē¼Ð ¼Äã°¼Ðȩ ]°ñô°÷Ė°â ÷ÄôÀļĖãÑÄ Àç Ė°Üþñèđȩ -ç¼ēÜ đÄáãÑ°ãē ƵƴƴĒƼƴ ñÑÜçđ°ãēȤ ÀĖÑ°ãÑã° Ƶƴƴ ñôç¼ȩ
đÄáãē Ė đÄÝþôÄâ »°đÄáãÑ°ãēâȤ ÷ĖüôþÜ÷ÑÜÑÄâȩ XÄáã°
đ ÜçÝçôĖÄ ÄÜôÑȤ đÄÝþô đ ñ°÷ļĖÜÑ áç÷ç÷ÑçđÄȤ âÑÌüçđÄ
Ñ »Ñ°á°ȩ 8»÷Ėēüē Ý°âèđÜ· »°đÄáãÑ°ã· đ ÎđÑ°ĖÀÜÑȩ

Äã°Ȩ ǀǂȩƹƹ Ėá








-8 Z- 3#4-# ƺƹƹYǁƹ B#-8X 4Z




-ç¼ēÜ âÑãÜÑ ƵƴƴĒƼƴ ñÑÜçđ°ãē Ė ñáèüãÄâ
»°đÄáãÑ°ãēâȩ 3ÑãÜÑ đ ñ°÷ÜÑȤ »°ôÀĖç âÑÌÜÜ°
Ñ âÑá° đ ÀçüēÜþ ÀĖÑ°ãÑã° đ ñçá·¼ĖÄãÑþ Ė ñáèüãÄâ
»°đÄáãÑ°ãēâ đ ÷ü°üÜÑ ã° »Ñ°áēâ üÝÄȩ -ç¼ēÜ ÛÄ÷ü
ç»÷Ėēüē Ý°âèđÜ· »°đÄáãÑ°ã·ȩ °áçø½ đ âÑáē¼Ð
ÜçÝçô°¼Ð ãÑÄ»ÑÄ÷ÜÑâȤ »áÌÜÑüãēâȤ Û°÷ãēâ üþôÜþ÷çđēâ
Äã°Ȩ ƾǂȩƹƹ Ėá





-8 Z- X 24# 4Z ǀƾYǁƹ B8 X9,4 . 4 .


-ç¼ēÜ ãÑÄâçđÝ̼ē »°đÄáãÑ°ãē ƻƴĒƼƴ ñçÀđèÛã°
ĸ°ãÄÝ°Ȥ ñÑÜçđ°ãēȤ ç»÷Ėēüē »°đÄáãÑ°ã· Ý°âèđÜ·
ôèęçđ· đ ÎđÑ°ĖÀÜÑȩ -ç¼ēÜ ÛÄ÷ü đ øÝѼĖãēâ ôèęçđēâ
BB" Ȯ X°ÎãÄô ɓ 3ø¼Ñ¼Ðèđ ƸƽȤ ƶƺɎƺƹƴ BôĖēüēÜ ÜçÝçôĖÄ Ė ã°ÀôþÜçđ°ãēâÑ âÑ÷Ñ°âÑȩ LÄÎç üēñþ Üç¼ēÜÑ
÷· »°ôÀĖç ñôĖēÀ°üãÄ đ þñ°áēȤ ñçãÑÄđ°ę ¼ÐôçãÑ·
-çãü°Üü üÄÝÄÍçãѼĖãē ɂçÀ ñçãÑÄÀĖÑ°áÜþ Àç ñÑ·üÜþȤ â°ÝÄä÷üđç ñôĖÄÀ þÜ·÷ĖÄãÑ°âÑȤ ° Ė ÀôþÎÑÄÛ ÷üôçãē
đ ÎçÀĖÑ㰼РƼȣƴƴɎƵƺȣƴƴɃȣ ƺƴƷƺƷƹƽƴƶ »°đÄáã° đ þñ°áē â° đá°ø¼Ñđçø¼Ñ ¼ÐáçÀĖ·¼Ä Ñ ¼ÐôçãÑ
-çãü°Üü â°ÑÝçđēȣ ÷ÝѼĖã°ÜçÝÀÄôÜ°ˀÎâ°ÑÝȩ¼çâ Ýþ» ÷ÐçñˀÜç¼ēÜȩ¼çâȩñÝ
ñ
ñôôĖÄÀ ÷áçä¼Äâ
đđđȮÜç¼ēÜȮ¼çâȮñÝ Äã°Ȩ Ƽƹȩƹƹ Ėá

-83B. L -82 E- ƺƽƹYƺƹƹ # B8 NH]- IB#X8E - N4#X EH .4Z 8 X9]-


IñÑđçôÄÜ Àç đèĖÜ° þãÑđÄô÷°ÝãēȤ ƵƹƴĒƹƴȤ Îôþ»°
-çâñÝÄü ÜçáÀÄôÜ° ƵƸƴĒƵƴƴ Ñ ñçÀþ÷ĖÜ° ƺƴĒƸƴȩ -çáÀô°ȣ ÀĖÑ°ãÑã° đÄáãÑ°ã° Ƶƴƴ ñôç¼ȩ đÄáãē üēñþ »°ô°ãÄÜ çô°Ė
»°đÄáã° Ñ ÀĖÑ°ãÑã° ƻƴ ñôç¼ȩ đÄáãēȤ ñôĖÄñÑÜçđ°ãÄ ĸ°ãÄÝ° đ Üô°üÜÌ ÷ĖÜç¼Ü·ȩ 8»÷Ėēüē Ý°âèđÜ·
ô°ĖÄâȩ BçÀþ÷ĖÜ° ñÑÜçđ°ã° Ė ç¼ÑÄñÝÑã· Ñ đēñÄáãÑçã° »°đÄáãÑ°ã·Ȥ ñÑ̽ çüđçôèđ ã° ñ°÷ē »ÄĖñÑļĖÄä÷üđ°
ÜþÝÜ°âÑ ÷ÑÝÑÜçãçđēâÑȤ »°ôÀĖç âÑÌÜÜ° Ñ ñþ÷Ėē÷ü°ȩ ç»÷ĖēüÄ Ý°âèđÜ·ȩ °ôÀĖç ÄÝÄΰã¼ÜÑ Ñ ñô°Üüē¼ĖãēȤ
3çęã° ñô°½ đ ñô°Ý¼Ä ñôçÎô°âÄâ Àç üÜ°ãÑã çô°Ė ¼ÑÄñáēȩ 4°À°ÛÄ ÷ÑÌ Ė°ôèđãç Àç đèĖÜ°
ÀÄÝÑÜ°üãē¼Ð đ ĖÑâãÄÛ đçÀĖÑÄȩ
ÎáÌ»çÜÑÄÎçȤ Û°Ü ôèđãÑÄę Àç ÷ñ°¼ÄôèđÜÑȩ
Äã°Ȩ ǁƹȩƹƹ Ėá Äã°Ȩ ǀƾȩƹƹ Ėá






-83B. L -82 E- ƺƽƹYƺƹƹ # B8 NH]- -8 Z- 4# 38X. Z ] . 3Z ƺƹƹYǂƹ




-çâñÝÄü ÜçáÀÄôÜ° ƵƸƴĒƵƴƴ Ñ ñçÀþ÷ĖÜ° ƸƴĒƺƴȩ Báèüãç
»°đÄáãÑ°ãÄȤ ÀĖÑ°ãÑã° »°đÄáãÑ°ã° üēñþ °Ü÷°âÑü -ç¼ēÜ ãÑÄâçđÝ̼ē ƵƴƴĒƽƴ Ė »°ôÀĖç âÑÌÜÜÑÄÛȤ
Ė ÀçâÑÄ÷ĖÜ· ÄÝ°÷ü°ãþȤ ¼ÑÄãÜÑÄ ñçÝÑÄ÷üôçđÄ Îôþ»ÄÛ Ñ âÑáÄÛ đ ÀçüēÜþ üÜ°ãÑãē üēñþ Ý°â°
đēñÄáãÑÄãÑÄȤ ñÑÜçđ°ãÄ üôĖēɎđ°ô÷üđçđçȩ BçÀþ÷ĖÜ° đ ñÑÌÜãēâ ÜçÝçôĖÄ ÄÜôÑȤ đēÜçä¼Ėçãē Û°÷ãç
ñÑÜçđ°ã° Ñ đēñÄáãÑçã° ÜþÝÜ°âÑ ÷ÑÝÑÜçãçđēâÑȩ üþôÜþ÷çđ· Ý°âèđÜ· đ ÜôçñļĖÜÑȩ

Äã°Ȩ ƺƺƹȩƹƹ Ėá Äã°Ȩ ƻǁȩƹƹ Ėá








B8I # . ]# # ƺƽƹYƺƺƹ # ƽƾYƿƹ B# .NH]- ] -8E84-


8»Ä¼ãÑÄ þęēđ° ÷ÑÌ ñÑÄÝþ¼Ð ÛÄÀãçô°Ėçđē¼ÐȤ ÛÄÀã°Ü
ã°À°Ý ñÑÄÝþ÷ĖÜÑ ĸ°ãÄÝçđÄ Ñ üÄüôçđÄ üç üĖđȩ Ȭâþ÷
Bçø¼ÑÄÝ ÀĖÑļÑ̼° ƵƸƴĒƵƵƴ Ñ ƸƹĒƺƴȤ Ƶƴƴ ñôç¼ȩ »°đÄáã°Ȥ âÑĽȬ đ Ü°ęÀÄÛ đēñô°đ¼Ä ãÑÄâçđÝ°Ü°ȩ ]°÷üç÷çđ°ãÑÄ
ç»÷Ėēü° »°đÄáãÑ°ã· Ý°âèđÜ·Ȥ ñç÷ĖÄđÜ° ã° ÜçáÀôÌ Ñ¼Ð ÛÄ÷ü đ÷ĖļÐ÷üôçããÄ çÀ çüþÝ°¼Ė°Ȥ ñç ÷Ėâ°üÜÌ ã°
Ė°ñÑã°ã° ã° üôç¼ĖÜÑȤ ñçÀþ÷ĖÜ° ã° Ė°Üá°ÀÜÌȩ ô°âÑÌȤ çÀ ñôĖēÜôē¼Ñ° ç¼ÐôçããÄÎç đ Ý°üçȤ ñç

÷ÝÑãÑ°¼ĖÄÜȩ X ĖđÑ·ĖÜþ Ė üēâ âçη đēÎÝ·À°½Ȥ ° ã°đÄü
Äã°Ȩ ǀƾȩƹƹ Ėá ñçđÑããēȤ á°ÀãÑÄ Ñ ¼ÑÄÜ°đÑÄȩ


Äã°Ȩ ƻƹȩƹƹ Ėá




B8I # . ]# # ƺƽƹYƺƺƹ # ƽƾYƿƹ



BB" Ȯ X°ÎãÄô ɓ 3ø¼Ñ¼Ðèđ ƸƽȤ ƶƺɎƺƹƴ BôĖēüēÜ

Bçø¼ÑÄÝ ÀĖÑļÑ̼° ƵƸƴĒƵƵƴ Ñ ƸƹĒƺƴȤ Ƶƴƴ ñôç¼ȩ »°đÄáã°Ȥ -çãü°Üü üÄÝÄÍçãѼĖãē ɂçÀ ñçãÑÄÀĖÑ°áÜþ Àç ñÑ·üÜþȤ
ç»÷Ėēü° »°đÄáãÑ°ã· Ý°âèđÜ·Ȥ ñç÷ĖÄđÜ° ã° ÜçáÀôÌ đ ÎçÀĖÑ㰼РƼȣƴƴɎƵƺȣƴƴɃȣ ƺƴƷƺƷƹƽƴƶ
Ė°ñÑã°ã° ã° üôç¼ĖÜÑȤ ñçÀþ÷ĖÜ° ã° Ė°Üá°ÀÜÌȩ -çãü°Üü â°ÑÝçđēȣ ÷ÝѼĖã°ÜçÝÀÄôÜ°ˀÎâ°ÑÝȩ¼çâ
Ýþ» ÷ÐçñˀÜç¼ēÜȩ¼çâȩñÝ
Äã°Ȩ ǀƾȩƹƹ Ėá
IÝѼĖã°ÜçáÀÄôÜ°ȩñÝ đđđȮÜç¼ēÜȮ¼çâȮñÝ

]ÎçÀãÑÄ Ė ÀĖÑļÑ̼ēâÑ ÷ü°ãÀ°ô°âÑ

-83B. L -82 E- ƺƽƹYƺƹƹ # B8 NH]- IB#X8E - N4#X EH .4Z 8 X9]-


IñÑđçôÄÜ Àç đèĖÜ° þãÑđÄô÷°ÝãēȤ ƵƹƴĒƹƴȤ Îôþ»°
-çâñÝÄü ÜçáÀÄôÜ° ƵƸƴĒƵƴƴ Ñ ñçÀþ÷ĖÜ° ƺƴĒƸƴȩ -çáÀô°ȣ ÀĖÑ°ãÑã° đÄáãÑ°ã° Ƶƴƴ ñôç¼ȩ đÄáãē üēñþ »°ô°ãÄÜ çô°Ė
»°đÄáã° Ñ ÀĖÑ°ãÑã° ƻƴ ñôç¼ȩ đÄáãēȤ ñôĖÄñÑÜçđ°ãÄ ĸ°ãÄÝ° đ Üô°üÜÌ ÷ĖÜç¼Ü·ȩ 8»÷Ėēüē Ý°âèđÜ·
ô°ĖÄâȩ BçÀþ÷ĖÜ° ñÑÜçđ°ã° Ė ç¼ÑÄñÝÑã· Ñ đēñÄáãÑçã° »°đÄáãÑ°ã·Ȥ ñÑ̽ çüđçôèđ ã° ñ°÷ē »ÄĖñÑļĖÄä÷üđ°
ÜþÝÜ°âÑ ÷ÑÝÑÜçãçđēâÑȤ »°ôÀĖç âÑÌÜÜ° Ñ ñþ÷Ėē÷ü°ȩ ç»÷ĖēüÄ Ý°âèđÜ·ȩ °ôÀĖç ÄÝÄΰã¼ÜÑ Ñ ñô°Üüē¼ĖãēȤ
3çęã° ñô°½ đ ñô°Ý¼Ä ñôçÎô°âÄâ Àç üÜ°ãÑã çô°Ė ¼ÑÄñáēȩ 4°À°ÛÄ ÷ÑÌ Ė°ôèđãç Àç đèĖÜ°
ÀÄÝÑÜ°üãē¼Ð đ ĖÑâãÄÛ đçÀĖÑÄȩ
ÎáÌ»çÜÑÄÎçȤ Û°Ü ôèđãÑÄę Àç ÷ñ°¼ÄôèđÜÑȩ
Äã°Ȩ ǁƹȩƹƹ Ėá Äã°Ȩ ǀƾȩƹƹ Ėá






-83B. L -82 E- ƺƽƹYƺƹƹ # B8 NH]- -8 Z- 4# 38X. Z ] . 3Z ƺƹƹYǂƹ




-çâñÝÄü ÜçáÀÄôÜ° ƵƸƴĒƵƴƴ Ñ ñçÀþ÷ĖÜ° ƸƴĒƺƴȩ Báèüãç
»°đÄáãÑ°ãÄȤ ÀĖÑ°ãÑã° »°đÄáãÑ°ã° üēñþ °Ü÷°âÑü -ç¼ēÜ ãÑÄâçđÝ̼ē ƵƴƴĒƽƴ Ė »°ôÀĖç âÑÌÜÜÑÄÛȤ
Ė ÀçâÑÄ÷ĖÜ· ÄÝ°÷ü°ãþȤ ¼ÑÄãÜÑÄ ñçÝÑÄ÷üôçđÄ Îôþ»ÄÛ Ñ âÑáÄÛ đ ÀçüēÜþ üÜ°ãÑãē üēñþ Ý°â°
đēñÄáãÑÄãÑÄȤ ñÑÜçđ°ãÄ üôĖēɎđ°ô÷üđçđçȩ BçÀþ÷ĖÜ° đ ñÑÌÜãēâ ÜçÝçôĖÄ ÄÜôÑȤ đēÜçä¼Ėçãē Û°÷ãç
ñÑÜçđ°ã° Ñ đēñÄáãÑçã° ÜþÝÜ°âÑ ÷ÑÝÑÜçãçđēâÑȩ üþôÜþ÷çđ· Ý°âèđÜ· đ ÜôçñļĖÜÑȩ

Äã°Ȩ ƺƺƹȩƹƹ Ėá Äã°Ȩ ƻǁȩƹƹ Ėá








B8I # . ]# # ƺƽƹYƺƺƹ # ƽƾYƿƹ B# .NH]- ] -8E84-


8»Ä¼ãÑÄ þęēđ° ÷ÑÌ ñÑÄÝþ¼Ð ÛÄÀãçô°Ėçđē¼ÐȤ ÛÄÀã°Ü
ã°À°Ý ñÑÄÝþ÷ĖÜÑ ĸ°ãÄÝçđÄ Ñ üÄüôçđÄ üç üĖđȩ Ȭâþ÷
Bçø¼ÑÄÝ ÀĖÑļÑ̼° ƵƸƴĒƵƵƴ Ñ ƸƹĒƺƴȤ Ƶƴƴ ñôç¼ȩ »°đÄáã°Ȥ âÑĽȬ đ Ü°ęÀÄÛ đēñô°đ¼Ä ãÑÄâçđÝ°Ü°ȩ ]°÷üç÷çđ°ãÑÄ
ç»÷Ėēü° »°đÄáãÑ°ã· Ý°âèđÜ·Ȥ ñç÷ĖÄđÜ° ã° ÜçáÀôÌ Ñ¼Ð ÛÄ÷ü đ÷ĖļÐ÷üôçããÄ çÀ çüþÝ°¼Ė°Ȥ ñç ÷Ėâ°üÜÌ ã°
Ė°ñÑã°ã° ã° üôç¼ĖÜÑȤ ñçÀþ÷ĖÜ° ã° Ė°Üá°ÀÜÌȩ ô°âÑÌȤ çÀ ñôĖēÜôē¼Ñ° ç¼ÐôçããÄÎç đ Ý°üçȤ ñç

÷ÝÑãÑ°¼ĖÄÜȩ X ĖđÑ·ĖÜþ Ė üēâ âçη đēÎÝ·À°½Ȥ ° ã°đÄü
Äã°Ȩ ǀƾȩƹƹ Ėá ñçđÑããēȤ á°ÀãÑÄ Ñ ¼ÑÄÜ°đÑÄȩ


Äã°Ȩ ƻƹȩƹƹ Ėá




B8I # . ]# # ƺƽƹYƺƺƹ # ƽƾYƿƹ



BB" Ȯ X°ÎãÄô ɓ 3ø¼Ñ¼Ðèđ ƸƽȤ ƶƺɎƺƹƴ BôĖēüēÜ

Bçø¼ÑÄÝ ÀĖÑļÑ̼° ƵƸƴĒƵƵƴ Ñ ƸƹĒƺƴȤ Ƶƴƴ ñôç¼ȩ »°đÄáã°Ȥ -çãü°Üü üÄÝÄÍçãѼĖãē ɂçÀ ñçãÑÄÀĖÑ°áÜþ Àç ñÑ·üÜþȤ
ç»÷Ėēü° »°đÄáãÑ°ã· Ý°âèđÜ·Ȥ ñç÷ĖÄđÜ° ã° ÜçáÀôÌ đ ÎçÀĖÑ㰼РƼȣƴƴɎƵƺȣƴƴɃȣ ƺƴƷƺƷƹƽƴƶ
Ė°ñÑã°ã° ã° üôç¼ĖÜÑȤ ñçÀþ÷ĖÜ° ã° Ė°Üá°ÀÜÌȩ -çãü°Üü â°ÑÝçđēȣ ÷ÝѼĖã°ÜçÝÀÄôÜ°ˀÎâ°ÑÝȩ¼çâ
Ýþ» ÷ÐçñˀÜç¼ēÜȩ¼çâȩñÝ
Äã°Ȩ ǀƾȩƹƹ Ėá
IÝѼĖã°ÜçáÀÄôÜ°ȩñÝ đđđȮÜç¼ēÜȮ¼çâȮñÝ

]ÎçÀãÑÄ Ė ÀĖÑļÑ̼ēâÑ ÷ü°ãÀ°ô°âÑ

¸   &    &

$ ,  $ , $



-HVWHÐP\ JUXSÃ SDVMRQDWµZ NWµU]\ ]DZRGRZR ]DMPXMÃ VLÇ SRND]\ZDQLHP SLÇNQD .RVPRVX 6Ã ZÐUµG QDV ]DUµZQR DVWURQRPRZLH MDN L Ć]\F\
REGDU]HQL XPLHMÇWQRÐFLDPL FLHNDZHJR SU]HND]\ZDQLD ZLHG]\ R NRVPRVLH L ]MDZLVNDFK Z QLP ]DFKRG]ÃF\FK 3RWUDĆP\ SUDFRZDÅ ] G]LHÅPL L
PÊRG]LH×à Z ND×G\P ZLHNX L SURZDG]LÅ ]DMÇFLD GRVWRVRZDQH GR V]NROQ\FK SURJUDPµZ G\GDNW\F]Q\FK = QDPL .RVPRV MHVW ]QDF]QLH EOL×HM
1
1DV]H &HQWUXP DV]H &HQWUXP (GXNDF\MQH G]LDÊD MX× ODW L MHVW MHGQ\P ] QDMGÊX×HM G]LDÊDMÃF\FK Z 3ROVFH ']LÇNL WHPX GRÐZLDGF]HQLX RIHUXMHP\ QDMERJDWV]\
SURJUDP HGXNDF\MQ\ ]DUµZQR GOD G]LHFL L PÊRG]LH×\ ZH ZV]\VWNLFK JUXSDFK ZLHNRZ\FK MDN L GOD RVµE GRURVÊ\FK 6WDOH VLÇ UR]ZLMDP\ SRV]HU]DP\
QDV]Ã RIHUWÇ R QRZH WHPDW\ RUD] NRU]\VWDP\ ] QDMQRZV]\FK ]GRE\F]\ WHFKQLNL QS JRJOL 95 :V]\VWNLH SURSRQRZDQH SU]H] QDV IRUP\
SURZDG]HQLD ]DMÇÅ GRVWRVRZXMHP\ GR SRWU]HE ]DPDZLDMÃFHJR





¸ , $  


3RGF]DV VHDQVX Z PRELOQ\P SODQHWDULXP ]DELHUDP\ G]LHFL Z QLH]Z\NÊÃ SRGUµ× GR
QDMGDOV]\FK ]DNÃWNµZ NRVPRVX 3RND]\ GRVWDUF]DMÃ QLH]DSRPQLDQ\FK SU]H×\Å L Z]UXV]HÌ
SR]ZDODMÃ UR]EXG]LÅ ]DLQWHUHVRZDQLD ]DVSRNRLÅ FLHNDZRÐÅ X]XSHÊQLÅ SU]HUDELDQ\
PDWHULDÊ D ZV]\VWNR EH] NRQLHF]QRÐFL Z\FKRG]HQLD ]H V]NRÊ\ OXE SU]HGV]NROD




¡  


:DUV]WDW\ WR LQWHUDNW\ZQH ]DMÇFLD SRGF]DV NWµU\FK G]LHFL FDÊ\ F]DV VÃ DNW\ZQH QS
REVHUZXMÃ SU]H] WHOHVNRS ZFLHODMÃ VLÇ Z UROÇ DVWURQDXW\ NWµU\ QDSUDZLD VWDWHN NRVPLF]Q\
F]\ WZRU]Ã PRGHO V]WXF]QHJR VDWHOLW\ =LHPL QS 6SXWQLND : ]DMÇFLDFK W\FK PRJÃ
XF]HVWQLF]\Å QDZHW G]LHFL OHWQLH





M n $ , $


:V]\VF\ ZLHP\ MDN WUXGQR D QDZHW QLHEH]SLHF]QLH MHVW SDWU]HÅ SURVWR Z 6ÊRÌFH -HGQDN G]LÇNL
VSHFMDOQ\P WHOHVNRSRP VÊRQHF]Q\P NWµUH SU]\ZLH]LHP\ GR SU]HGV]NROD G]LHFL EÇGÃ PRJÊ\
EH]SLHF]QLH REHMU]HÅ WDUF]Ç QDV]HM JZLD]G\ D WDN×H QLHNWµUH QD QLHM V]F]HJµÊ\ MDN FLHPQH
SODPNL F]\OL SODP\ VÊRQHF]QH D SU]\ RGURELQLH V]F]ÇÐFLD WDN×H ROEU]\PLH Z\U]XW\ PDWHULL F]\OL
Z\EXFK\ QD 6ÊRÌFX = SHZQRÐFLÃ EÇG]LH WR FLHNDZH L ZDUWRÐFLRZH SU]H×\FLH GOD G]LHF








&HQWUXP (GXNDF\MQH 3ODQHWD $QXND

=$'=:2Ë '2 1$6
‘ M 
7(/
ZZZ SODQHWDULXP ZDZ SO
M

,  R DQXND#DQXND SO

¸   &    &

$ ,  $ , $



-HVWHÐP\ JUXSÃ SDVMRQDWµZ NWµU]\ ]DZRGRZR ]DMPXMÃ VLÇ SRND]\ZDQLHP SLÇNQD .RVPRVX 6Ã ZÐUµG QDV ]DUµZQR DVWURQRPRZLH MDN L Ć]\F\
REGDU]HQL XPLHMÇWQRÐFLDPL FLHNDZHJR SU]HND]\ZDQLD ZLHG]\ R NRVPRVLH L ]MDZLVNDFK Z QLP ]DFKRG]ÃF\FK 3RWUDĆP\ SUDFRZDÅ ] G]LHÅPL L
PÊRG]LH×à Z ND×G\P ZLHNX L SURZDG]LÅ ]DMÇFLD GRVWRVRZDQH GR V]NROQ\FK SURJUDPµZ G\GDNW\F]Q\FK = QDPL .RVPRV MHVW ]QDF]QLH EOL×HM
1
1DV]H &HQWUXP DV]H &HQWUXP (GXNDF\MQH G]LDÊD MX× ODW L MHVW MHGQ\P ] QDMGÊX×HM G]LDÊDMÃF\FK Z 3ROVFH ']LÇNL WHPX GRÐZLDGF]HQLX RIHUXMHP\ QDMERJDWV]\
SURJUDP HGXNDF\MQ\ ]DUµZQR GOD G]LHFL L PÊRG]LH×\ ZH ZV]\VWNLFK JUXSDFK ZLHNRZ\FK MDN L GOD RVµE GRURVÊ\FK 6WDOH VLÇ UR]ZLMDP\ SRV]HU]DP\
QDV]Ã RIHUWÇ R QRZH WHPDW\ RUD] NRU]\VWDP\ ] QDMQRZV]\FK ]GRE\F]\ WHFKQLNL QS JRJOL 95 :V]\VWNLH SURSRQRZDQH SU]H] QDV IRUP\
SURZDG]HQLD ]DMÇÅ GRVWRVRZXMHP\ GR SRWU]HE ]DPDZLDMÃFHJR





¸ , $  


3RGF]DV VHDQVX Z PRELOQ\P SODQHWDULXP ]DELHUDP\ G]LHFL Z QLH]Z\NÊÃ SRGUµ× GR
QDMGDOV]\FK ]DNÃWNµZ NRVPRVX 3RND]\ GRVWDUF]DMÃ QLH]DSRPQLDQ\FK SU]H×\Å L Z]UXV]HÌ
SR]ZDODMÃ UR]EXG]LÅ ]DLQWHUHVRZDQLD ]DVSRNRLÅ FLHNDZRÐÅ X]XSHÊQLÅ SU]HUDELDQ\
PDWHULDÊ D ZV]\VWNR EH] NRQLHF]QRÐFL Z\FKRG]HQLD ]H V]NRÊ\ OXE SU]HGV]NROD




¡  


:DUV]WDW\ WR LQWHUDNW\ZQH ]DMÇFLD SRGF]DV NWµU\FK G]LHFL FDÊ\ F]DV VÃ DNW\ZQH QS
REVHUZXMÃ SU]H] WHOHVNRS ZFLHODMÃ VLÇ Z UROÇ DVWURQDXW\ NWµU\ QDSUDZLD VWDWHN NRVPLF]Q\
F]\ WZRU]Ã PRGHO V]WXF]QHJR VDWHOLW\ =LHPL QS 6SXWQLND : ]DMÇFLDFK W\FK PRJÃ
XF]HVWQLF]\Å QDZHW G]LHFL OHWQLH





M n $ , $


:V]\VF\ ZLHP\ MDN WUXGQR D QDZHW QLHEH]SLHF]QLH MHVW SDWU]HÅ SURVWR Z 6ÊRÌFH -HGQDN G]LÇNL
VSHFMDOQ\P WHOHVNRSRP VÊRQHF]Q\P NWµUH SU]\ZLH]LHP\ GR SU]HGV]NROD G]LHFL EÇGÃ PRJÊ\
EH]SLHF]QLH REHMU]HÅ WDUF]Ç QDV]HM JZLD]G\ D WDN×H QLHNWµUH QD QLHM V]F]HJµÊ\ MDN FLHPQH
SODPNL F]\OL SODP\ VÊRQHF]QH D SU]\ RGURELQLH V]F]ÇÐFLD WDN×H ROEU]\PLH Z\U]XW\ PDWHULL F]\OL
Z\EXFK\ QD 6ÊRÌFX = SHZQRÐFLÃ EÇG]LH WR FLHNDZH L ZDUWRÐFLRZH SU]H×\FLH GOD G]LHF








&HQWUXP (GXNDF\MQH 3ODQHWD $QXND

=$'=:2Ë '2 1$6
‘ M 
7(/
ZZZ SODQHWDULXP ZDZ SO
M

,  R DQXND#DQXND SO

; C.~ =;. = ~. .














*MVQE /%1(3 XS FEVH^S ^RER] HSWXE[GE QEXIVMEɹ[ SHFPEWOS[]GL [ )YVSTMI ˒VSHOS[S
[WGLSHRMIN 2EW^I HS˒[MEHG^IRMI RE V]ROY TV^]G^]RMS WMʚ HS XIKS ˵I K[EVERXYNIQ] HSWOSREʈ +g]cy J = ];Js
NEOS˒ʊ SJIVS[ER]GL TVSHYOXɹ[ SHFPEWOS[]GL ; ^[Mʈ^OY ^ X]Q ˵I TSPMG]NRI WXEX]WX]OM
TSX[MIVH^ENʈ OSRMIG^RS˒ʊ RSW^IRME SHFPEWOɹ[ REW^E JMVQE []GLSH^M RE TV^IGM[ OPMIRXSQ Ʌ ™ÚæüĈº‚æ ˏ™Äü æü×ê s DÚ s ɒ]ɒǾȁǿǽɒǾǼǽȂ
SJIVYNʈG TVSJIWNSREPRʈ SFWYKʚ M OSV^]WXRʈ GIRʚ Ʌ öüºËĂĂ ā •ā¬‚ĬÄü ĉêËڙޏ™Äü·Ä™·
Ʌ ā öÞāüæüà ׂޙà ˕Ž½‚ÞºËöüÃ
2EW^]QM OPMIRXEQM Wʈ TVEW^]QM OPMIRXEQM Wʈ TV^IHI [W^]WXOMQ YV^ʚH] TEʿWX[S[I TSPMGNE E XEO˵I JMVQ] OSQIVG]NRI OXɹVI
2 Ʌ ºË½ËÚɆ ĄÌÂæüɇ ā¬™½ËÄüɇ Ĭ™Ž¬™Þº¬ɇ ×ËÂڂŏāËöüɇ
YQMIW^G^ENʈ W[SNI PSKS M X]Q WEQ]Q TVSTEKYNʈ FI^TMIG^IʿWX[S RE HVSH^I ;]OSRYNIQ] TVSNIOX]
REHVYOɹ[ M []W]EQ] [M^YEPM^EGNʚ OSQTYXIVS[ʈ HS EOGITXEGNM .IWXI˒Q] Vɹ[RMI˵ IPEWX]G^RM NI˵IPM ÚÌĄËöü ¬ Ž¬‚Âü
GLSH^M S MRH][MHYEPRI ^PIGIRME 1EQ] HY˵S EXVEOG]NR]GL TSQ]Wɹ[ WY˵]Q] VEHʈ GS HS Ʌ •Ë ā‚ÂËĄ™Ä¬‚ Ă Þāü·¢ ½êŽ ¤ÂËö¢
Ʌ ÚËāì‚Ú ȀȂûȀȂûȂȂ Ã
Ʌ
MRH][MHYEPR]GL OW^XEXɹ[ M ^ETI[RMEQ] OVɹXOMI XIVQMR] VIEPM^EGNM
Ʌ ÃËĄ½¬öËߐ öüºËĂĬ‚ ¬Ä•üö¬•ê‚½Ä™¤Ë ÕÚêºê
]~ =;. J = ];Js



Ʌ ™ÚæüĈº‚æ ˏ™Äü æü×ê s DÚ s ɒ]ɒǾȁǿǼɒǾǼǽȂ
Ʌ ¬•™‚½Ä‚ ˏ©ÚËĂ ˕Ž½‚ÞºËö‚ •½‚ •ā¬™¬
Ʌ Âæ™Ú¬‚ÂɆ •ā¬‚ĬĂ ĉêËڙޏ™Äü·Ä‚ ā ö¤Úā‚ÄüÃ
ׂޙà ˕Ž½‚ÞºËöüÃ
Ʌ ÚËāì‚Ú êĬö™Úނ½Äü
Ʌ ÃËĄ½¬öËߐ ¬Ä•üö¬•ê‚½Ä™¤Ë ÕÚêºê


sJY;JɬV= ;.

t ™ÚæüĈº‚æ ˏ™Äü æü×ê s DÚ s ɒ]ɒǾȁǿǾɒǾǼǽȂ
t ×Úā™āÏā™Ä¬™ Ă Žêæü ½êŽ ÞæÚÌ· ¤¬ÃĂÞæüāÄü
t öüºËĂÄü ā 溂ĬÄü ĉêËڙޏ™Äü·Ä™·
ā öÞāüæüà ׂޙà ˕Ž½‚ÞºËöüà ā¤Ë•Äüà ā ÄËÚÉ DȀȃǽ
t öüì‚ÚüɆ ǿǾ û ǿȅ Ã
t ºË½ËÚüɆ ĄÌÂæüɇ ×ËÂڂŏāËöüɇ ā¬™½ËÄüɇ Ĭ™Ž¬™Þº¬ɇ ÚÌĄËöüɇ ā‚ÚÄü
t
t öüºËÄ귙Ãü ¬Ä•üö¬•ê‚½Ä™ ÕÚ꺬

~ V;. = ~. . . JYJ]By +



t ºË½ËÚɆ ĄÌÂæüɇ ×ËÂڂŏāËöüɇ ¤Ú‚Ä‚æËöüɇ ā‚ÚÄüɇ ā™ÚöËÄü
t öüºËĂę ā ×Úā™ö¬™öę·ɇ ™½‚Þæüāę· •ā¬‚ĬÄü ×˽¬™ÞæÚËö™·
t ā æ‚ßÉ ˕Ž½‚ÞºËö‰
t ā ˕Ž½‚ÞºËöüà ׂ޺¬™Ã
t ā‚׬ĂĂ Ă Úā™×
t ÃËĄ½¬öËߐ öüºËĂĬ‚ ÕÚêºê



öööɌº‚ìā™½º¬Ë•Ž½‚ÞºËö™ɌËÃɌ×½

ā‚ÃËö¬™Ä¬‚ʱº‚ìā™½º¬Ë•Ž½‚ÞºËö™ɌËÃɌ×½

; C.~ =;. = ~. .














*MVQE /%1(3 XS FEVH^S ^RER] HSWXE[GE QEXIVMEɹ[ SHFPEWOS[]GL [ )YVSTMI ˒VSHOS[S
[WGLSHRMIN 2EW^I HS˒[MEHG^IRMI RE V]ROY TV^]G^]RMS WMʚ HS XIKS ˵I K[EVERXYNIQ] HSWOSREʈ +g]cy J = ];Js
NEOS˒ʊ SJIVS[ER]GL TVSHYOXɹ[ SHFPEWOS[]GL ; ^[Mʈ^OY ^ X]Q ˵I TSPMG]NRI WXEX]WX]OM
TSX[MIVH^ENʈ OSRMIG^RS˒ʊ RSW^IRME SHFPEWOɹ[ REW^E JMVQE []GLSH^M RE TV^IGM[ OPMIRXSQ Ʌ ™ÚæüĈº‚æ ˏ™Äü æü×ê s DÚ s ɒ]ɒǾȁǿǽɒǾǼǽȂ
SJIVYNʈG TVSJIWNSREPRʈ SFWYKʚ M OSV^]WXRʈ GIRʚ Ʌ öüºËĂĂ ā •ā¬‚ĬÄü ĉêËڙޏ™Äü·Ä™·
Ʌ ā öÞāüæüà ׂޙà ˕Ž½‚ÞºËöüÃ
2EW^]QM OPMIRXEQM Wʈ TVEW^]QM OPMIRXEQM Wʈ TV^IHI [W^]WXOMQ YV^ʚH] TEʿWX[S[I TSPMGNE E XEO˵I JMVQ] OSQIVG]NRI OXɹVI
2 Ʌ ºË½ËÚɆ ĄÌÂæüɇ ā¬™½ËÄüɇ Ĭ™Ž¬™Þº¬ɇ ×ËÂڂŏāËöüɇ
YQMIW^G^ENʈ W[SNI PSKS M X]Q WEQ]Q TVSTEKYNʈ FI^TMIG^IʿWX[S RE HVSH^I ;]OSRYNIQ] TVSNIOX]
REHVYOɹ[ M []W]EQ] [M^YEPM^EGNʚ OSQTYXIVS[ʈ HS EOGITXEGNM .IWXI˒Q] Vɹ[RMI˵ IPEWX]G^RM NI˵IPM ÚÌĄËöü ¬ Ž¬‚Âü
GLSH^M S MRH][MHYEPRI ^PIGIRME 1EQ] HY˵S EXVEOG]NR]GL TSQ]Wɹ[ WY˵]Q] VEHʈ GS HS Ʌ •Ë ā‚ÂËĄ™Ä¬‚ Ă Þāü·¢ ½êŽ ¤ÂËö¢
Ʌ ÚËāì‚Ú ȀȂûȀȂûȂȂ Ã
Ʌ
MRH][MHYEPR]GL OW^XEXɹ[ M ^ETI[RMEQ] OVɹXOMI XIVQMR] VIEPM^EGNM
Ʌ ÃËĄ½¬öËߐ öüºËĂĬ‚ ¬Ä•üö¬•ê‚½Ä™¤Ë ÕÚêºê
]~ =;. J = ];Js



Ʌ ™ÚæüĈº‚æ ˏ™Äü æü×ê s DÚ s ɒ]ɒǾȁǿǼɒǾǼǽȂ
Ʌ ¬•™‚½Ä‚ ˏ©ÚËĂ ˕Ž½‚ÞºËö‚ •½‚ •ā¬™¬
Ʌ Âæ™Ú¬‚ÂɆ •ā¬‚ĬĂ ĉêËڙޏ™Äü·Ä‚ ā ö¤Úā‚ÄüÃ
ׂޙà ˕Ž½‚ÞºËöüÃ
Ʌ ÚËāì‚Ú êĬö™Úނ½Äü
Ʌ ÃËĄ½¬öËߐ ¬Ä•üö¬•ê‚½Ä™¤Ë ÕÚêºê


sJY;JɬV= ;.

t ™ÚæüĈº‚æ ˏ™Äü æü×ê s DÚ s ɒ]ɒǾȁǿǾɒǾǼǽȂ
t ×Úā™āÏā™Ä¬™ Ă Žêæü ½êŽ ÞæÚÌ· ¤¬ÃĂÞæüāÄü
t öüºËĂÄü ā 溂ĬÄü ĉêËڙޏ™Äü·Ä™·
ā öÞāüæüà ׂޙà ˕Ž½‚ÞºËöüà ā¤Ë•Äüà ā ÄËÚÉ DȀȃǽ
t öüì‚ÚüɆ ǿǾ û ǿȅ Ã
t ºË½ËÚüɆ ĄÌÂæüɇ ×ËÂڂŏāËöüɇ ā¬™½ËÄüɇ Ĭ™Ž¬™Þº¬ɇ ÚÌĄËöüɇ ā‚ÚÄü
t
t öüºËÄ귙Ãü ¬Ä•üö¬•ê‚½Ä™ ÕÚ꺬

~ V;. = ~. . . JYJ]By +



t ºË½ËÚɆ ĄÌÂæüɇ ×ËÂڂŏāËöüɇ ¤Ú‚Ä‚æËöüɇ ā‚ÚÄüɇ ā™ÚöËÄü
t öüºËĂę ā ×Úā™ö¬™öę·ɇ ™½‚Þæüāę· •ā¬‚ĬÄü ×˽¬™ÞæÚËö™·
t ā æ‚ßÉ ˕Ž½‚ÞºËö‰
t ā ˕Ž½‚ÞºËöüà ׂ޺¬™Ã
t ā‚׬ĂĂ Ă Úā™×
t ÃËĄ½¬öËߐ öüºËĂĬ‚ ÕÚêºê



öööɌº‚ìā™½º¬Ë•Ž½‚ÞºËö™ɌËÃɌ×½

ā‚ÃËö¬™Ä¬‚ʱº‚ìā™½º¬Ë•Ž½‚ÞºËö™ɌËÃɌ×½

8VSR WOēEHER] NIHRSVE^S[] RSGRMO HPE H^MIGM


,H] XSEPIXE NIWX RMIHSWXéTRE VS^[MÒ^YNI TVSFPIQ ^EēEX[MERME TSXV^IF ǻ^NSPSKMG^R]GL TV^I^ H^MIGM [ QMINWGEGL
TYFPMG^R]GL PYF [ TSHV¾ŏ]


87;&Ē=
0Ē&)&3= . 0425&084;=

Ē&8;= ; 9Ŏ=(.9

*0414,.(>3= 5SVéG^R] M TV^IRSĮR]
5VSWX] M ēEX[] [ Yŏ]GMY
57&08=(>3= . +930(/43&13=
/IHRSVE^S[] RSGRMO 8743 NIWX RMI^[]OPI TVEOX]G^R]
'*>5.*(>3= . 3.*>&;4)3= > ēEX[SĮGMÒ QMIĮGM WMé [ HEQWOMIN XSVIFGI G^]
[ WTSHRMEGL ; TSV¾[RERMY HS MRR]GL VS^[MÒ^Eĕ
RSGRMOSGRMO 8743 TS^[EPE RE NIKS Yŏ]GMI FI^ TSXV^IF]
R
[]OSR][ERME WOSQTPMOS[ER]GL G^]RRSĮGM TV^] NIKS
VS^OēEHERMY M WOēEHERMY

3MI^[]OPI W SPMHR]
9XV^]QYNI REGMWO OK
0SRWXVYOGNE RSGRMOE 8743 ^SWXEēE WOVYTYPEXRMI
TV^IFEHERE TV^I^ RMI^EPIŏR] .RWX]XYX
2EXIVMEē¾[ M 0SRWXVYOGNM 'YHS[PER]GL
5
5SPMXIGLRMOM 0VEOS[WOMIN ;]RMOM FEHEĕ []OE^Eē]
ŏI VS^ēSŏSR] 8743 FI^ TVSFPIQY []XV^]QYNI
REGMWO OK E TV^] ^[MéOW^ERMY SFGMÒŏIRME
REWXéTYNI OSRXVSPS[ERI ^KRMEXERMI TēEW^G^]^R
TMSRS[]GL WXIPEŏY RSGRMOE




> WYTIVGLēSRRÒ [OēEHOÒ
OYXIG^RMI TSGLēERME Tē]R] M IPMQMRYNI ^ETEGL]

3SGRMO NIWX PIOOM QEē] TSWMEHE FMSHIKVEHS[EPR]
3
WYTIVGLēSRR] TSPMQIVS[] [OēEH &5 OX¾V] NIWX
GIRMSR] TV^IHI [W^]WXOMQ ^I [^KPéHY RE W[SNÒ
RMI^[]OēÒ ^HSPRSĮÔ [GLēERMERME Tē]R¾[ M
RMITV^]NIQR]GL ^ETEGL¾[ )^MéOM XIQY TVSGIW
EFWSVTGNM M ^IWXEPERME REWXéTYNI NYŏ [ QSQIRGMI
OSRXEOXY ^ Tē]RIQ PYF WYFWXERGNEQM QMéOOMQM
;MIPMIPOSĮÔ [OēEHOM Yŏ]XE [ NIHRSVE^S[]Q RSGRMOY
;
8743 NIWX [ WXERMI TSGLēSRÒÔ QP GMIG^]
[ GMÒKY WIOYRH



YP SēX]WS[WOE & 0VEO¾[
8IP
ƵƵƵţƋųŅĹţåƚţÎŅĵ


MRJS%XVSR IY GSQ

8VSR WOēEHER] NIHRSVE^S[] RSGRMO HPE H^MIGM


,H] XSEPIXE NIWX RMIHSWXéTRE VS^[MÒ^YNI TVSFPIQ ^EēEX[MERME TSXV^IF ǻ^NSPSKMG^R]GL TV^I^ H^MIGM [ QMINWGEGL
TYFPMG^R]GL PYF [ TSHV¾ŏ]


87;&Ē=
0Ē&)&3= . 0425&084;=

Ē&8;= ; 9Ŏ=(.9

*0414,.(>3= 5SVéG^R] M TV^IRSĮR]
5VSWX] M ēEX[] [ Yŏ]GMY
57&08=(>3= . +930(/43&13=
/IHRSVE^S[] RSGRMO 8743 NIWX RMI^[]OPI TVEOX]G^R]
'*>5.*(>3= . 3.*>&;4)3= > ēEX[SĮGMÒ QMIĮGM WMé [ HEQWOMIN XSVIFGI G^]
[ WTSHRMEGL ; TSV¾[RERMY HS MRR]GL VS^[MÒ^Eĕ
RSGRMOSGRMO 8743 TS^[EPE RE NIKS Yŏ]GMI FI^ TSXV^IF]
R
[]OSR][ERME WOSQTPMOS[ER]GL G^]RRSĮGM TV^] NIKS
VS^OēEHERMY M WOēEHERMY

3MI^[]OPI W SPMHR]
9XV^]QYNI REGMWO OK
0SRWXVYOGNE RSGRMOE 8743 ^SWXEēE WOVYTYPEXRMI
TV^IFEHERE TV^I^ RMI^EPIŏR] .RWX]XYX
2EXIVMEē¾[ M 0SRWXVYOGNM 'YHS[PER]GL
5
5SPMXIGLRMOM 0VEOS[WOMIN ;]RMOM FEHEĕ []OE^Eē]
ŏI VS^ēSŏSR] 8743 FI^ TVSFPIQY []XV^]QYNI
REGMWO OK E TV^] ^[MéOW^ERMY SFGMÒŏIRME
REWXéTYNI OSRXVSPS[ERI ^KRMEXERMI TēEW^G^]^R
TMSRS[]GL WXIPEŏY RSGRMOE




> WYTIVGLēSRRÒ [OēEHOÒ
OYXIG^RMI TSGLēERME Tē]R] M IPMQMRYNI ^ETEGL]

3SGRMO NIWX PIOOM QEē] TSWMEHE FMSHIKVEHS[EPR]
3
WYTIVGLēSRR] TSPMQIVS[] [OēEH &5 OX¾V] NIWX
GIRMSR] TV^IHI [W^]WXOMQ ^I [^KPéHY RE W[SNÒ
RMI^[]OēÒ ^HSPRSĮÔ [GLēERMERME Tē]R¾[ M
RMITV^]NIQR]GL ^ETEGL¾[ )^MéOM XIQY TVSGIW
EFWSVTGNM M ^IWXEPERME REWXéTYNI NYŏ [ QSQIRGMI
OSRXEOXY ^ Tē]RIQ PYF WYFWXERGNEQM QMéOOMQM
;MIPMIPOSĮÔ [OēEHOM Yŏ]XE [ NIHRSVE^S[]Q RSGRMOY
;
8743 NIWX [ WXERMI TSGLēSRÒÔ QP GMIG^]
[ GMÒKY WIOYRH



YP SēX]WS[WOE & 0VEO¾[
8IP
ƵƵƵţƋųŅĹţåƚţÎŅĵ


MRJS%XVSR IY GSQ

2EW^ EWSVX]QIRX XS SJIVXE RMI X]POS HPE OSFMIX ś 0INHM TP XS WOPIT MRXIVRIXS[] SJIVYNÈG] V¶[RMIľ YFVERME H^MIGMÜGI HPE
H^MI[G^]RIO M GLąSTG¶[ XEOMI NEO W^PEJVSG^OM TąEW^G^]OM FPY^] FYGMOM RMIQS[PÜGI G^] WYOMIROM 4V^]OąEHEQ] [MIPOÈ
[EKÜ HS NEOSĝGM HSWXÜTR]GL Y REW TVSHYOX¶[ ;ąEĝRMI HPEXIKS HIG]HYNÈG WMÜ RE ^EOYT] [ REW^]Q WOPITMI
MRXIVRIXS[]Q QSľIW^ F]Ê TI[MIR ľI []FMIVEW^ X]POS RENPITW^] KEXYROS[S XV[Eą] M RMI^[]OPI EXVEOG]NR] [M^YEPRMI
TąEW^G^]O G^] MRR] IPIQIRX KEVHIVSF] 2E XIN WXVSRMI QEQ] TV^]NIQRSĝÊ ^ETVSTSRS[EÊ XMYPS[I WYOMIROM HPE
H^MI[G^]RIO W^PEJVSG^OM FPY^] H^MIGMÜGI OSVSROS[I FSH] E XEOľI FYGMOM RMIQS[PÜGI OX¶VI WTVE[H^È WMÜ V¶[RMIľ
HPE GLąSTPE GLąSTG¶[ (SWXÜTRI [ XIN OEXIKSVMM YFVERME HSWOSREPI SHTS[MIH^È RE SG^IOM[ERME OEľHIKS VSH^MGE OX¶V^] HPE
H
W[SMGL TSGMIGL []FMIVE SH^MIľ QSHRÈ M NIHRSG^IĝRMI XV[EąÈ















































;;; 0).(- 7/0)4 40 %22% /Û(>-%
YP .SEGLMQE 0IPI[IPE /SW^EPMR
XIP TSRMIH^MEą)/ TMÈXIO [ KSH^ I QEMP ^EQS[MIRMI$PINHM TP



[[[ PINHM TP

2EW^ EWSVX]QIRX XS SJIVXE RMI X]POS HPE OSFMIX ś 0INHM TP XS WOPIT MRXIVRIXS[] SJIVYNÈG] V¶[RMIľ YFVERME H^MIGMÜGI HPE
H^MI[G^]RIO M GLąSTG¶[ XEOMI NEO W^PEJVSG^OM TąEW^G^]OM FPY^] FYGMOM RMIQS[PÜGI G^] WYOMIROM 4V^]OąEHEQ] [MIPOÈ
[EKÜ HS NEOSĝGM HSWXÜTR]GL Y REW TVSHYOX¶[ ;ąEĝRMI HPEXIKS HIG]HYNÈG WMÜ RE ^EOYT] [ REW^]Q WOPITMI
MRXIVRIXS[]Q QSľIW^ F]Ê TI[MIR ľI []FMIVEW^ X]POS RENPITW^] KEXYROS[S XV[Eą] M RMI^[]OPI EXVEOG]NR] [M^YEPRMI
TąEW^G^]O G^] MRR] IPIQIRX KEVHIVSF] 2E XIN WXVSRMI QEQ] TV^]NIQRSĝÊ ^ETVSTSRS[EÊ XMYPS[I WYOMIROM HPE
H^MI[G^]RIO W^PEJVSG^OM FPY^] H^MIGMÜGI OSVSROS[I FSH] E XEOľI FYGMOM RMIQS[PÜGI OX¶VI WTVE[H^È WMÜ V¶[RMIľ
HPE GLąSTPE GLąSTG¶[ (SWXÜTRI [ XIN OEXIKSVMM YFVERME HSWOSREPI SHTS[MIH^È RE SG^IOM[ERME OEľHIKS VSH^MGE OX¶V^] HPE
H
W[SMGL TSGMIGL []FMIVE SH^MIľ QSHRÈ M NIHRSG^IĝRMI XV[EąÈ















































;;; 0).(- 7/0)4 40 %22% /Û(>-%
YP .SEGLMQE 0IPI[IPE /SW^EPMR
XIP TSRMIH^MEą)/ TMÈXIO [ KSH^ I QEMP ^EQS[MIRMI$PINHM TP



[[[ PINHM TP

7YOMIROE HPE H^MI[G^]ROM [ G^IV[SRI V¶ľI ` WYOMIROM [ ;]NÈXOS[E WYOMIROE H^MI[G^ÜGE ` IPIKERGOMI WYOMIROM HPE H^MI[G^]RIO
WX]PY TMR YT VIXVS WYOMIROM HPE H^MI[G^]RIO 4MÜORE YRMOEXS[E WYOMIROE ^ KMTMYVS[È OSVSROÈ TV^] W^]M HPE H^MI[G^]ROM 7YOMIROE (¶ą V¶[RMIľ SFW^]X] TS
FV^IKEGL OSVSROÈ 7YOMIROE RE []NÈXOS[I SOE^NI [IWIPI YVSH^MR] OSQYRMI 7YOMIROE TSWMEHE TMÜORI
7YOMIROE HPE H^MI[G^]ROM [ G^IV[SRI V¶ľI WX]PM^S[ERE NIWX RE PEXE XI XI SFW^]GMI OSVSROS[I X[SV^ÈGI HIOSPX FPSWOS W^]M SVE^ OV¶XOM VÜOE[IO 8]ą TMÜORMI TV^IHąY^SR] X[SV^ÈG] PIOOM
7YOMIROE H¶ą VS^OPSW^S[ER] 7YOMIROE WXERS[M V¶[RMIľ OSQTPIX HS WYOMIROM WX]P VIXVS ; TEWMI KVEREXS[] TEW ^ TMÜORÈ HYľÈ OSOEVHÈ ^ X]ąY 7YOMIROE []OSRERE ^ OSVSROM XMYPY M TSHW^I[OM
[ WX]PY TMR YT [ G^IV[SRI V¶ľI H^MÜOM G^IQY QEQE M G¶VOE FÜHE X[SV^]Ê ^KVERE TEVÜ
TSH WTSHIQ
'IRE ^ą 'IRE ^ą











7YOMIROE HPE H^MI[G^]ROM [

G^IV[SRI O[MEX] ` WYOMIROM HPE
H^MI[G^]RIO RE PEXS

7YOMIROE HPE H^MI[G^]ROM [ G^IV[SRI V¶ľI
WX]PM^S[ERE NIWX RE PEXE XI XI 7YOMIROE
H¶ą VS^OPSW^S[ER] 7YOMIROE WXERS[M
V¶[RMIľ OSQTPIX HS WYOMIROM [ WX]PY TMR YT
[ G^IV[SRI V¶ľI H^MÜOM G^IQY QEQE M G¶VOE
FÜHE X[SV^]Ê ^KVERE TEVÜ

'IRE ^ą






7YOMIROE HPE H^MI[G^]ROM

[ RMIFMIWOMI O[MEX] ` WYOMIROM
[ WX]PY TMR YT VIXVS WYOMIROM
HPE H^MI[G^]RIO


7YOMIROE HPE H^MI[G^]ROM WX]PM^S[ERE NIWX RE PEXE
XI XI 7YOMIROE NIWX ^HSFMSRE O[MEXEQM RE
GEąSĝGM [ OSPSV^I RMIFMIWOMQ H¶ą VS^OPSW^S[ER] .EWRSV¶ľS[E WYOMIROE ^ TIVIąOEQM HPE H^MI[G^]ROM ` WYOMIROM
7YOMIROE WXERS[M V¶[RMIľ OSQTPIX HS WYOMIROM [ ^ TIVIąOEQM HPE H^MI[G^]ROM
WX]PY TMR YT [ RMIFMIWOMI O[MEX] H^MÜOM G^IQY
QEQE M G¶VOE FÜHE X[SV^]Ê ^KVERE TEVÜ .EWRSV¶ľS[E WYOMIROE HPE H^MI[G^]ROM 7YOMIROE ^HSFMSRE W^XYG^R]QM TIVIąOEQM SVE^
OSVSROS[]Q TEWIQ 7YOMIROE [ HSPRIN G^ÜĝGM []OSRERE ^ SVKER^] K¶VE WEX]RS[E
'IRE ^ą 7YOMIROE ^ TSHW^I[OE ^ETMRERE ^ X]ąY RE ^EQIO (SWOSREPI WTVE[H^M WMÜ NEOS WYOMIROE HPE
H^MI[G^]ROM RE [IWIPI G^] YVSH^MR] M MRRI [EľRI SOE^NI /SPSV NEWR] V¶ľ NEO RE Ką¶[R]Q
^HNÜGMY ^HNÜGME RE QERIOMRMI PIOOS VS^NEĝRMSRI TV^I^ Fą]WO ƚIW^E 79OMIROE TSWMEHE
[EVWX[] XMYPY WEX]RI SVE^ OV]RSPMRÜ YRSW^ÈGE WYOMIROÜ M TSHW^I[OÜ
'IRE ^ą
;;; 0).(- 7/0)4 40 %22% /Û(>-%
YP .SEGLMQE 0IPI[IPE /SW^EPMR
XIP TSRMIH^MEą)/ TMÈXIO [ KSH^ I QEMP ^EQS[MIRMI$PINHM TP [[[ PINHM TP

7YOMIROE HPE H^MI[G^]ROM [ G^IV[SRI V¶ľI ` WYOMIROM [ ;]NÈXOS[E WYOMIROE H^MI[G^ÜGE ` IPIKERGOMI WYOMIROM HPE H^MI[G^]RIO
WX]PY TMR YT VIXVS WYOMIROM HPE H^MI[G^]RIO 4MÜORE YRMOEXS[E WYOMIROE ^ KMTMYVS[È OSVSROÈ TV^] W^]M HPE H^MI[G^]ROM 7YOMIROE (¶ą V¶[RMIľ SFW^]X] TS
FV^IKEGL OSVSROÈ 7YOMIROE RE []NÈXOS[I SOE^NI [IWIPI YVSH^MR] OSQYRMI 7YOMIROE TSWMEHE TMÜORI
7YOMIROE HPE H^MI[G^]ROM [ G^IV[SRI V¶ľI WX]PM^S[ERE NIWX RE PEXE XI XI SFW^]GMI OSVSROS[I X[SV^ÈGI HIOSPX FPSWOS W^]M SVE^ OV¶XOM VÜOE[IO 8]ą TMÜORMI TV^IHąY^SR] X[SV^ÈG] PIOOM
7YOMIROE H¶ą VS^OPSW^S[ER] 7YOMIROE WXERS[M V¶[RMIľ OSQTPIX HS WYOMIROM WX]P VIXVS ; TEWMI KVEREXS[] TEW ^ TMÜORÈ HYľÈ OSOEVHÈ ^ X]ąY 7YOMIROE []OSRERE ^ OSVSROM XMYPY M TSHW^I[OM
[ WX]PY TMR YT [ G^IV[SRI V¶ľI H^MÜOM G^IQY QEQE M G¶VOE FÜHE X[SV^]Ê ^KVERE TEVÜ
TSH WTSHIQ
'IRE ^ą 'IRE ^ą











7YOMIROE HPE H^MI[G^]ROM [

G^IV[SRI O[MEX] ` WYOMIROM HPE
H^MI[G^]RIO RE PEXS

7YOMIROE HPE H^MI[G^]ROM [ G^IV[SRI V¶ľI
WX]PM^S[ERE NIWX RE PEXE XI XI 7YOMIROE
H¶ą VS^OPSW^S[ER] 7YOMIROE WXERS[M
V¶[RMIľ OSQTPIX HS WYOMIROM [ WX]PY TMR YT
[ G^IV[SRI V¶ľI H^MÜOM G^IQY QEQE M G¶VOE
FÜHE X[SV^]Ê ^KVERE TEVÜ

'IRE ^ą






7YOMIROE HPE H^MI[G^]ROM

[ RMIFMIWOMI O[MEX] ` WYOMIROM
[ WX]PY TMR YT VIXVS WYOMIROM
HPE H^MI[G^]RIO


7YOMIROE HPE H^MI[G^]ROM WX]PM^S[ERE NIWX RE PEXE
XI XI 7YOMIROE NIWX ^HSFMSRE O[MEXEQM RE
GEąSĝGM [ OSPSV^I RMIFMIWOMQ H¶ą VS^OPSW^S[ER] .EWRSV¶ľS[E WYOMIROE ^ TIVIąOEQM HPE H^MI[G^]ROM ` WYOMIROM
7YOMIROE WXERS[M V¶[RMIľ OSQTPIX HS WYOMIROM [ ^ TIVIąOEQM HPE H^MI[G^]ROM
WX]PY TMR YT [ RMIFMIWOMI O[MEX] H^MÜOM G^IQY
QEQE M G¶VOE FÜHE X[SV^]Ê ^KVERE TEVÜ .EWRSV¶ľS[E WYOMIROE HPE H^MI[G^]ROM 7YOMIROE ^HSFMSRE W^XYG^R]QM TIVIąOEQM SVE^
OSVSROS[]Q TEWIQ 7YOMIROE [ HSPRIN G^ÜĝGM []OSRERE ^ SVKER^] K¶VE WEX]RS[E
'IRE ^ą 7YOMIROE ^ TSHW^I[OE ^ETMRERE ^ X]ąY RE ^EQIO (SWOSREPI WTVE[H^M WMÜ NEOS WYOMIROE HPE
H^MI[G^]ROM RE [IWIPI G^] YVSH^MR] M MRRI [EľRI SOE^NI /SPSV NEWR] V¶ľ NEO RE Ką¶[R]Q
^HNÜGMY ^HNÜGME RE QERIOMRMI PIOOS VS^NEĝRMSRI TV^I^ Fą]WO ƚIW^E 79OMIROE TSWMEHE
[EVWX[] XMYPY WEX]RI SVE^ OV]RSPMRÜ YRSW^ÈGE WYOMIROÜ M TSHW^I[OÜ
'IRE ^ą
;;; 0).(- 7/0)4 40 %22% /Û(>-%
YP .SEGLMQE 0IPI[IPE /SW^EPMR
XIP TSRMIH^MEą)/ TMÈXIO [ KSH^ I QEMP ^EQS[MIRMI$PINHM TP [[[ PINHM TP

/SWQMG^RI -RWTMVEGNI XS SJMGNEPRE WXVSRE M WOPIT MRXIVRIXS[] JMVQ] %8%&) &IEXE '^EO
*MVQE ^ENQYNI WMʚ WTV^IHE˵ʈ EVX]OYɹ[ XIOWX]PR]GL M TS˒GMIPS[]GL SVE^ HSHEXOɹ[ []TSWE˵IRME [RʚXV^

1EV^IRMIQ [E˒GMGMIPOM SH ^E[W^I F]S ^ENQS[ERMI WMʚ []TSWE˵IRMIQ [RʚXV^ (YKS W^YOEE W[SNIN ^E[SHS[IN HVSKM 4SXVEJME
KSH^MREQM TV^IKPʈHEʊ QEKE^]R] M EPFYQ] [RʚXV^EVWOMI ˒PIH^Mʊ FPSKM M WXVSR] TS˒[MʚGSRI XIN XIQEX]GI 2MI WʈH^ME ˵I OMIH]OSP[MIO
SH[E˵] WMʚ RE XEOM OVSO M SXS NIWX
/SWQMG^RI -RWTMVEGNI SJIVYNʈ 4EʿWX[Y TVSHYOX] X]POS REN[]˵W^IN NEOS˒GM FI^TMIG^RI [ Y˵]XOS[ERMY TSWMEHENʈGI WXSWS[RI GIVX]JMOEX]
E E MGL HSHEXOS[]Q EXYXIQ Wʈ OSROYVIRG]NRI GIR]
7OPIT MRXIVRIXS[] /SWQMG^RI -RWTMVEGNI TS[WXE ^ Q]˒Pʈ S /PMIRXEGL OXɹV^] GIRMʈ WSFMI []KSHʚ M OSQJSVX NEOM HENʈ ^EOYT] SRPMRI

>ETVEW^EQ] 4EʿWX[E HS ˒PIH^IRME /SWQMG^R]GL -RWTMVEGNM M WOSV^]WXERME ^ FSKEXIN SJIVX] TVSHYOXɹ[ ^RER]GL TSPWOMGL TVSHYGIRXɹ[
E XEO˵I HSʈG^IRME HS KVSRE ^EHS[SPSR]GL /PMIRXɹ[





%8%&) &IEXE '^EO
(0% (>-)'- ;EVW^E[E YP ,S˵E
(PE REW^]GL RENQSHW^]GL SJIVYNIQ] TVSHYOX] S RMIFEREPR]Q [^SVRMGX[MI /SPSVS[I TSWMEHENʈGI ˵][ʈ M FEV[Rʈ KVEJMOʚ G^ʚWXS 8IPIJSR OSRXEOXS[]
TV^IHWXE[MENʈGI FSLEXIVɹ[ OVIWOɹ[IO M FENIO PYF YPYFMSR]GL ^[MIV^EOɹ[ 4VSHYOX] ^ [M^IVYROMIQ TSTYPEVR]GL OWMʚ˵RMG^IO M OYG]Oɹ[ HPE
H^MI[G^]RIO HPE GLSTGɹ[ QSHIPI YPYFMSR]GL []˒GMKɹ[IO M H^MIPR]GL WYTIVFSLEXIVɹ[ >EMRWTMVYN WMʚ REW^]QM TVSTS^]GNEQM M []FMIV^ [[[ EXEFI IY
TVSHYOX] [ TIRM LEVQSRM^YNʈGI ^ YTSHSFERMEQM 8[SNIKS H^MIGOE QMʚH^] MRR]QM OSH] H^MIGMʚGI TSHYW^OM TS˒GMIPI H^MIGMʚGI TSW^I[OM EXEFI$EXEFI IY
TV^I˒GMIVEHE VʚG^RMOM SVE^ HSHEXOM 3JIVYNIQ] GEOS[MGMI FI^TMIG^RI TVSHYOX] []OSRERI ^ REXYVEPR]GL XOERMR 4S^[ɹP 1EPYGLS[M []FVEʊ
W[[ɹN []QEV^SR] [^ɹV EF] GLʚXRMIN OEH WMʚ HS WRY [˒VɹH W[SMGL YPYFMSR]GL FSLEXIVɹ[
W

/SWQMG^RI -RWTMVEGNI XS SJMGNEPRE WXVSRE M WOPIT MRXIVRIXS[] JMVQ] %8%&) &IEXE '^EO
*MVQE ^ENQYNI WMʚ WTV^IHE˵ʈ EVX]OYɹ[ XIOWX]PR]GL M TS˒GMIPS[]GL SVE^ HSHEXOɹ[ []TSWE˵IRME [RʚXV^

1EV^IRMIQ [E˒GMGMIPOM SH ^E[W^I F]S ^ENQS[ERMI WMʚ []TSWE˵IRMIQ [RʚXV^ (YKS W^YOEE W[SNIN ^E[SHS[IN HVSKM 4SXVEJME
KSH^MREQM TV^IKPʈHEʊ QEKE^]R] M EPFYQ] [RʚXV^EVWOMI ˒PIH^Mʊ FPSKM M WXVSR] TS˒[MʚGSRI XIN XIQEX]GI 2MI WʈH^ME ˵I OMIH]OSP[MIO
SH[E˵] WMʚ RE XEOM OVSO M SXS NIWX
/SWQMG^RI -RWTMVEGNI SJIVYNʈ 4EʿWX[Y TVSHYOX] X]POS REN[]˵W^IN NEOS˒GM FI^TMIG^RI [ Y˵]XOS[ERMY TSWMEHENʈGI WXSWS[RI GIVX]JMOEX]
E E MGL HSHEXOS[]Q EXYXIQ Wʈ OSROYVIRG]NRI GIR]
7OPIT MRXIVRIXS[] /SWQMG^RI -RWTMVEGNI TS[WXE ^ Q]˒Pʈ S /PMIRXEGL OXɹV^] GIRMʈ WSFMI []KSHʚ M OSQJSVX NEOM HENʈ ^EOYT] SRPMRI

>ETVEW^EQ] 4EʿWX[E HS ˒PIH^IRME /SWQMG^R]GL -RWTMVEGNM M WOSV^]WXERME ^ FSKEXIN SJIVX] TVSHYOXɹ[ ^RER]GL TSPWOMGL TVSHYGIRXɹ[
E XEO˵I HSʈG^IRME HS KVSRE ^EHS[SPSR]GL /PMIRXɹ[





%8%&) &IEXE '^EO
(0% (>-)'- ;EVW^E[E YP ,S˵E
(PE REW^]GL RENQSHW^]GL SJIVYNIQ] TVSHYOX] S RMIFEREPR]Q [^SVRMGX[MI /SPSVS[I TSWMEHENʈGI ˵][ʈ M FEV[Rʈ KVEJMOʚ G^ʚWXS 8IPIJSR OSRXEOXS[]
TV^IHWXE[MENʈGI FSLEXIVɹ[ OVIWOɹ[IO M FENIO PYF YPYFMSR]GL ^[MIV^EOɹ[ 4VSHYOX] ^ [M^IVYROMIQ TSTYPEVR]GL OWMʚ˵RMG^IO M OYG]Oɹ[ HPE
H^MI[G^]RIO HPE GLSTGɹ[ QSHIPI YPYFMSR]GL []˒GMKɹ[IO M H^MIPR]GL WYTIVFSLEXIVɹ[ >EMRWTMVYN WMʚ REW^]QM TVSTS^]GNEQM M []FMIV^ [[[ EXEFI IY
TVSHYOX] [ TIRM LEVQSRM^YNʈGI ^ YTSHSFERMEQM 8[SNIKS H^MIGOE QMʚH^] MRR]QM OSH] H^MIGMʚGI TSHYW^OM TS˒GMIPI H^MIGMʚGI TSW^I[OM EXEFI$EXEFI IY
TV^I˒GMIVEHE VʚG^RMOM SVE^ HSHEXOM 3JIVYNIQ] GEOS[MGMI FI^TMIG^RI TVSHYOX] []OSRERI ^ REXYVEPR]GL XOERMR 4S^[ɹP 1EPYGLS[M []FVEʊ
W[[ɹN []QEV^SR] [^ɹV EF] GLʚXRMIN OEH WMʚ HS WRY [˒VɹH W[SMGL YPYFMSR]GL FSLEXIVɹ[
W

C?4E ; :0! '/ 6 ;!4E / ;E0C' /J








= PLÊRÐFLÃ L VWDUDQQRÐFLÃ ZÊDVQRUÇF]QLH WZRU]\P\ RU\JLQDOQH SURMHNW\ WDN DE\ E\Ê\ SLÇNQH L SUDNW\F]QH


3RWU]HEXMHV] NRPSOHNVRZHM Z\SUDZNL GOD QRZRURGND SUH]HQWX QD VSHFMDOQÃ RND]MÇ OXE NROHMQH XURG]LQ\ D PR×H XU]ÃG]DV] SRNµM GOD G]LHFND"
1LH PDV] SRMÇFLD FR Z\EUDÅ ] PQµVWZD SURGXNWµZ GRVWÇSQ\FK QD U\QNX OXE V]XNDV] XQLNDWRZ\FK Z]RUµZ" 'REU]H WUDĆÊDÐ
3RGSRZLHP &L L GRUDG]Ç D SRWHP VWZRU]Ç WR FR VSHÊQL 7ZRMH RF]HNLZDQLD
0DMÃF WUµMNÇ PDOXFKµZ MX× ZLHP NWµUH JDG×HW\ VÃ ]EÇGQH D FR MHVW DEVROXWQ\P ìPXVW KDYHë ' =DSUDV]DP





































= PLÊRÐFLÃ L VWDUDQQRÐFLÃ ZÊDVQRUÇF]QLH WZRU]\P\ RU\JLQDOQH
SURMHNW\ WDN DE\ E\Ê\ SLÇNQH L SUDNW\F]QH 5HDOL]XMHP\ UµZQLH×
LQG\ZLGXDOQH ]DPµZLHQLD









ZZZ YLJDZLWKORYH SO

NRQWDNW#YLJDZLWKORYH SO

C?4E ; :0! '/ 6 ;!4E / ;E0C' /J








= PLÊRÐFLÃ L VWDUDQQRÐFLÃ ZÊDVQRUÇF]QLH WZRU]\P\ RU\JLQDOQH SURMHNW\ WDN DE\ E\Ê\ SLÇNQH L SUDNW\F]QH


3RWU]HEXMHV] NRPSOHNVRZHM Z\SUDZNL GOD QRZRURGND SUH]HQWX QD VSHFMDOQÃ RND]MÇ OXE NROHMQH XURG]LQ\ D PR×H XU]ÃG]DV] SRNµM GOD G]LHFND"
1LH PDV] SRMÇFLD FR Z\EUDÅ ] PQµVWZD SURGXNWµZ GRVWÇSQ\FK QD U\QNX OXE V]XNDV] XQLNDWRZ\FK Z]RUµZ" 'REU]H WUDĆÊDÐ
3RGSRZLHP &L L GRUDG]Ç D SRWHP VWZRU]Ç WR FR VSHÊQL 7ZRMH RF]HNLZDQLD
0DMÃF WUµMNÇ PDOXFKµZ MX× ZLHP NWµUH JDG×HW\ VÃ ]EÇGQH D FR MHVW DEVROXWQ\P ìPXVW KDYHë ' =DSUDV]DP





































= PLÊRÐFLÃ L VWDUDQQRÐFLÃ ZÊDVQRUÇF]QLH WZRU]\P\ RU\JLQDOQH
SURMHNW\ WDN DE\ E\Ê\ SLÇNQH L SUDNW\F]QH 5HDOL]XMHP\ UµZQLH×
LQG\ZLGXDOQH ]DPµZLHQLD









ZZZ YLJDZLWKORYH SO

NRQWDNW#YLJDZLWKORYH SO

ZZZ NDQJXUNRZR SO


'=,(&, 8:,(/%,$-ć VNOHS#NDQJXUNRZR SO



%<ý 126=21( LT 4UBCJLB 4JFNJBOPXJDF ƴMnjTLJF UFM



+FEFO [ OBKMFQJFK [BPQBUS[POZDI 3BCBU

TLMFQØX [ DIVTUBNJ EP OPT[FOJB E[JFDJ OB )BT’P .BHB[ZO 1S[FET[LPMB







,BOHVSLPXP QM PGFSVKF T[FSPLJ XBDIMBS[ DIVTU J OPTJEF’ FSHPOPNJD[OZDI OBKCBSE[JFK V[OBOZDI NBSFL 8 OBT[FK PGFSDJF [OBKEVKnj TJǗ NJO DIVTUZ %JEZNPT
(JSBTPM %JWB .JMBOP %BJFTV )FBSUJOFTT -JUUMF 'SPH /BUJCBCZ 1BOEBCFKCJ 4FOTJ.P 1FMMJDBOP OPTJE’B &NFJCBCZ ,JCJ ,BWLB -FOOZ-BNC J 5VMB +FTUFǴNZ
QS[FETUBXJDJFMFN QSPEVDFOUB PE[JFȈZ EMB DJǗȈBSOZDI J LBSNJnjDZDI /JNBS 1POBEUP PGFSVKFNZ QJFMVDIZ XJFMPSB[PXF 1BUBQVN J $MPTF 1BSFOUT [BCBXLJ ,FZ
#BCZMPOJB J -VMMB-PWF HSZ[BD[LJ ;FM#B CJȈVUFSJǗ DIVTUPXnj DIFNJǗ FLPMPHJD[Onj J LPTNFUZLJ 8T[ZTULP DP OJF[CǗEOF EP QJFMǗHOBDKJ J PQJFLJ OBE E[JFǎNJ
[OBKE[JFDJF OB XXX LBOHVSLPXP QM

ZZZ NDQJXUNRZR SO


'=,(&, 8:,(/%,$-ć VNOHS#NDQJXUNRZR SO



%<ý 126=21( LT 4UBCJLB 4JFNJBOPXJDF ƴMnjTLJF UFM



+FEFO [ OBKMFQJFK [BPQBUS[POZDI 3BCBU

TLMFQØX [ DIVTUBNJ EP OPT[FOJB E[JFDJ OB )BT’P .BHB[ZO 1S[FET[LPMB







,BOHVSLPXP QM PGFSVKF T[FSPLJ XBDIMBS[ DIVTU J OPTJEF’ FSHPOPNJD[OZDI OBKCBSE[JFK V[OBOZDI NBSFL 8 OBT[FK PGFSDJF [OBKEVKnj TJǗ NJO DIVTUZ %JEZNPT
(JSBTPM %JWB .JMBOP %BJFTV )FBSUJOFTT -JUUMF 'SPH /BUJCBCZ 1BOEBCFKCJ 4FOTJ.P 1FMMJDBOP OPTJE’B &NFJCBCZ ,JCJ ,BWLB -FOOZ-BNC J 5VMB +FTUFǴNZ
QS[FETUBXJDJFMFN QSPEVDFOUB PE[JFȈZ EMB DJǗȈBSOZDI J LBSNJnjDZDI /JNBS 1POBEUP PGFSVKFNZ QJFMVDIZ XJFMPSB[PXF 1BUBQVN J $MPTF 1BSFOUT [BCBXLJ ,FZ
#BCZMPOJB J -VMMB-PWF HSZ[BD[LJ ;FM#B CJȈVUFSJǗ DIVTUPXnj DIFNJǗ FLPMPHJD[Onj J LPTNFUZLJ 8T[ZTULP DP OJF[CǗEOF EP QJFMǗHOBDKJ J PQJFLJ OBE E[JFǎNJ
[OBKE[JFDJF OB XXX LBOHVSLPXP QM

+FTUFėNZ EPėXJBED[POÁ LBESÁ [BXPEPXD¯X LU¯SB LSFVKF OPXF
USFOEZ OB SZOLV QSBDZ X PCT[BS[F BOJNBDKJ D[BTV XPMOFHP
/B[Á NJTKÁ KFTU QPCVE[FOJF QBTKJ X LBĸEZN LUP QSBHOJF
TBNPSFBMJ[BDKJ QPþÁD[POFK [ [BCBXÁ 8 PEQPXJFE[J OB [BQPUS[FCPXBOJF
SZOLV OB VTþVHJ BOJNBDZKOF EBKFNZ QBUFOU EP OPXFHP [BXPEV KBLP MJEFS
KFTUFėNZ UBN HE[JF OBT QPUS[FCVKFDJF












"OJNBUPS UP PH¯MOPQPMTLJ MJEFS X [BLSFTJF T[LPMFĀ "OJNBDKJ $[BTV 8PMOFHP
PSHBOJ[BDKJ FWFOU¯X PSB[ QPėSFEOJDUXB QSBDZ QS[Z SFBMJ[BDKJ BOJNBDKJ
IPUFMPXZDI [B HSBOJDÁ ,JMLVMFUOJB PCFDOPėÃ OB SZOLV UP TFULJ
QS[FQSPXBE[POZDI T[LPMFĀ DBTUJOH¯X J JNQSF[ EMB OBKXJÕLT[ZDI
5PVSPQFSBUPS¯X X LSBKV J &VSPQJF ,BĸEFHP SPLV DFSUZţLBU "OJNBUPSB
$[BTV 8PMOFHP PECJFSB CMJTLP LVSTBOU¯X QP UP BCZ QSBDPXBÃ
OB BOJNBDKBDI [B HSBOJDÁ PSB[ [EPCZXBÃ EPEBULPXF EPėXJBED[FOJF




































XXX BOJNBUPSDFOUFS DPN


JOGP!BOJNBUPSDFOUFS DPN

+FTUFėNZ EPėXJBED[POÁ LBESÁ [BXPEPXD¯X LU¯SB LSFVKF OPXF
USFOEZ OB SZOLV QSBDZ X PCT[BS[F BOJNBDKJ D[BTV XPMOFHP
/B[Á NJTKÁ KFTU QPCVE[FOJF QBTKJ X LBĸEZN LUP QSBHOJF
TBNPSFBMJ[BDKJ QPþÁD[POFK [ [BCBXÁ 8 PEQPXJFE[J OB [BQPUS[FCPXBOJF
SZOLV OB VTþVHJ BOJNBDZKOF EBKFNZ QBUFOU EP OPXFHP [BXPEV KBLP MJEFS
KFTUFėNZ UBN HE[JF OBT QPUS[FCVKFDJF












"OJNBUPS UP PH¯MOPQPMTLJ MJEFS X [BLSFTJF T[LPMFĀ "OJNBDKJ $[BTV 8PMOFHP
PSHBOJ[BDKJ FWFOU¯X PSB[ QPėSFEOJDUXB QSBDZ QS[Z SFBMJ[BDKJ BOJNBDKJ
IPUFMPXZDI [B HSBOJDÁ ,JMLVMFUOJB PCFDOPėÃ OB SZOLV UP TFULJ
QS[FQSPXBE[POZDI T[LPMFĀ DBTUJOH¯X J JNQSF[ EMB OBKXJÕLT[ZDI
5PVSPQFSBUPS¯X X LSBKV J &VSPQJF ,BĸEFHP SPLV DFSUZţLBU "OJNBUPSB
$[BTV 8PMOFHP PECJFSB CMJTLP LVSTBOU¯X QP UP BCZ QSBDPXBÃ
OB BOJNBDKBDI [B HSBOJDÁ PSB[ [EPCZXBÃ EPEBULPXF EPėXJBED[FOJF




































XXX BOJNBUPSDFOUFS DPN


JOGP!BOJNBUPSDFOUFS DPN

+DSS\+RS WR G\VWU\EXWRU Z\VRNLHM NODV\


GPXFKDĂFµZ L ]DEDZHN RJURGRZ\FK


: QDV]HM RIHUFLH ]QDMGÃ 3DÌVWZR ZV]\VWNR WR F]HJR :DV]H G]LHFL SRWU]HEXMÃ GR Z\ÐPLHQLWHM ]DEDZ\
2IHURZDQH GPXFKDÌFH SRVLDGDMÃ XQLNDOQ\ L FLHNDZ\ Z\JOÃG D SRQDGWR ND×G\ ] QLFK GRVWÇSQ\ MHVW
UµZQLH× Z ZHUVML NRPHUF\MQHM ZLÇNV]HM RG GRPRZ\FK RGSRZLHGQLNµZ

+DSS\ +RS ]DMPXMH VLÇ UµZQLH× RUJDQL]DFMÃ LPSUH] SOHQHURZ\FK ]GHMPXMÃF RERZLÃ]HN SODQRZDQLD
] EDUNµZ URG]LFµZ =DSHZQLDP\ G]LHFLRP QLH]DSRPQLDQH ZUD×HQLD L ZLHOH FLHNDZ\FK ]DEDZ

=DSUDV]DP\ GR ]DSR]QDQLD VLÇ ] QDV]Ã ERJDWÃ RIHUWÃ QD VWURQLH ĆUPRZHM +DSS\+RS















































ZZZ KDSS\KRS SO



ELXUR#KDSS\KRS SO 5$%$78
+DVÊR UDEDWRZH
0DJD]\Q 3U]HGV]NROD

+DSS\+RS WR G\VWU\EXWRU Z\VRNLHM NODV\


GPXFKDĂFµZ L ]DEDZHN RJURGRZ\FK


: QDV]HM RIHUFLH ]QDMGÃ 3DÌVWZR ZV]\VWNR WR F]HJR :DV]H G]LHFL SRWU]HEXMÃ GR Z\ÐPLHQLWHM ]DEDZ\
2IHURZDQH GPXFKDÌFH SRVLDGDMÃ XQLNDOQ\ L FLHNDZ\ Z\JOÃG D SRQDGWR ND×G\ ] QLFK GRVWÇSQ\ MHVW
UµZQLH× Z ZHUVML NRPHUF\MQHM ZLÇNV]HM RG GRPRZ\FK RGSRZLHGQLNµZ

+DSS\ +RS ]DMPXMH VLÇ UµZQLH× RUJDQL]DFMÃ LPSUH] SOHQHURZ\FK ]GHMPXMÃF RERZLÃ]HN SODQRZDQLD
] EDUNµZ URG]LFµZ =DSHZQLDP\ G]LHFLRP QLH]DSRPQLDQH ZUD×HQLD L ZLHOH FLHNDZ\FK ]DEDZ

=DSUDV]DP\ GR ]DSR]QDQLD VLÇ ] QDV]Ã ERJDWÃ RIHUWÃ QD VWURQLH ĆUPRZHM +DSS\+RS















































ZZZ KDSS\KRS SO



ELXUR#KDSS\KRS SO 5$%$78
+DVÊR UDEDWRZH
0DJD]\Q 3U]HGV]NROD






































Click to View FlipBook Version
Previous Book
Katalog_1_einzelseiten
Next Book
MP Clics scoobi