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Published by B&R, 2017-04-13 06:38:06

Sanipol katalog indywidualny_Flat

< # 2 4 # 5 < # / ; & 1 95 2 Ǻ Œ 2 4 # % ;



5 < - 1 Π; + 2 4 < ' & 5 < - 1 . #




* Z D U D Q W X M H P \ V R O L G Q R ĝ É W H U P L Q R Z R ĝ É

R U D ] S H Ą Q H ] D D Q J D ľ R Z D Q L H S U ] \ U H D O L ] D F M L
ɈɈɈǿɄȲȿȺɁɀȽǿɁȽ
] D G D Ć G O D Q D V ] \ F K N O L H Q W µ Z



















3URGXFHQW NDELQ VDQLWDUQ\FK

V\VWHPRZ\FK QDWU\VNRZ\FK

WRDOHWRZ\FK XELNDFML

ĝFLDQHN JLV]HWRZ\FK


V]DIHN XEUDQLRZ\FK


ɈɈɈǿɄȲȿȺɁɀȽǿɁȽ EDVHQRZ\FK
V]NROQ\FK




6DQLSRO 6S ] R R
XO 3R]QDĆVND
0LÛG]\U]HF]
WHO
ID[
LQIR#VDQLSRO SO

2TQFWEGPV MCDKP UCPKVCTP[EJ U[UVGOQY[EJ
PCVT[UMQY[EJ VQCNGVQY[EJ WDKMCELK ɮEKCPGM IKU\GVQY[EJ
U\CHGM WDTCPKQY[EJ DCUGPQY[EJ U\MQNP[EJ









6DQLSRO 6S ] R R ] VLHG]LEÇ Z 0LÛG]\U]HF]X WR SURGXFHQW V\VWHPµZ ĝFLDQ G]LDĄRZ\FK
GR VDQLWDULDWµZ 6ĄXľ\P\ 3DĆVWZX SRPRFÇ Z ]DNUHVLH SURMHNWRZDQLD L RGSRZLHGQLHJR
Z\NRQDQLD ]DEXGRZ\ SRPLHV]F]HĆ VDQLWDUQ\FK L QLH W\ONR


:\NRQXMHP\ ]DEXGRZ\ :& NDELQ\ QDWU\VNRZH SDUDZDQ\ SLVXDURZH
D D WDNľH NDELQ\ SU]HELHUDOQL V]DINL EDVHQRZH EODW\ SRG XP\ZDONL ĝFLDQ\ G]LDĄRZH GR
SRPLHV]F]HĆ IL]MR L IL]\NRWHUDSLL RUD] ZHZQÛWU]QH RNĄDG]LQ\ ĝFLHQQH 1DV]D RIHUWD
GRW\F]\ V\VWHPRZHM ]DEXGRZ\ SRPLHV]F]HĆ VDQLWDUQ\FK Z RSDUFLX R V\VWHP
6$1,32/p Z UµľQ\FK ZDULDQWDFK


:\
:\URE\ QDV]H ]QDOD]Ą\ MXľ ]DVWRVRZDQLH Z ZLHOX RELHNWDFK Xľ\WHF]QRĝFL SXEOLF]QHM
RELHNWDFK KDQGORZ\FK SU]HP\VĄRZ\FK NXOWXUDOQ\FK VSRUWRZ\FK SU]HGV]NRODFK
SODFµZNDFK ]ZLÇ]DQ\FK ]H V]NROQLFWZHP L VĄXľEÇ ]GURZLD 1D GRZµG QDV]HJR
GRĝZLDGF]HQLD ]DSUDV]DP\ GR G]LDĄX ] OLVWÇ UHIHUHQF\MQÇ RELHNWµZ Z NWµU\FK
IXQNFMRQXMÇ QDV]H ĝFLDQNL MXľ RG ZLHOX ODW :\UµE SRVLDGD $SUREDWÛ 7HFKQLF]QÇ L $WHVW
3=+ : V\VWHPLH ]DEXGRZ\ 6$1,32/ +3/ Z\NRU]\VWXMHP\ SĄ\W\ NRPSDNWRZH Z\NRQDQH ] ODPLQDWµZ
Z\VRNRFLĝQLHQLRZ\FK +3/ 3URFHV WZRU]HQLD W\FK SURGXNWµZ SROHJD QD SUDVRZDQLX Z ZDUXQNDFK
2HUXMHP\ NDELQ\ VDQLWDUQH Z\NRQDQH QD ED]LH SĄ\W\ ZLµURZHM PHODPLQRZDQHM 9
2I SRGZ\ľV]RQHM WHPSHUDWXU\ RUD] FLĝQLHQLD QDVÇF]RQ\FK ľ\ZLFÇ ZDUVWZ SDSLHUX : HIHNFLH X]\VNXMH
SĄ\W\ ZDUVWZRZHM +3/ 35 SĄ\W\ NRPSDNWRZHM +3/ =DVWRVRZDQH DNFHVRULD VWRS\ VLÛ ]ZDUW\ L MHGQROLW\ PDWHULDĄ
]DZLDV\ ]DPNL U\JOH SURILOH DOXPLQLRZH ]DSHZQLDMÇ Z\WU]\PDĄRĝÉ RUD] VROLGQRĝÉ
Z\NRQDQLD L ĄDWZRĝÉ Z SLHOÛJQDFML *ZDUDQWXMHP\ GRUDG]WZR WHFKQLF]QH 'R
'RWZRU]HQL QDV]\FK NDELQ VWRVXMHP\ SĄ\W\ R JUXERĝFL PP 0DWHULDĄ WHQ LGHDOQLH QDGDMÛ VLÛ GR
Z\NRQDZVWZR RELHNWRZH ] WUDQVSRUWHP L PRQWDľHP NDELQ QDWU\VNRZ\FK MDN L LQQ\FK ]DEXGµZ Z NWµU\FK ]H Z]JOÛGX QD SDQXMÇFÇ ZDUXQNL WDNLH MDN QS
SDUD ZRGQD ZRGD Z\VRND ZLOJRWQRĝÉ SRZLHWU]D NRQLHF]QH MHVW ]DVWRVRZDQLH PDWHULDĄX
ZRGRRGSRUQHJR 3Ą\W\ +3/ FHFKXMÇ VLÛ ]ZLÛNV]RQÇ RGSRUQRĝFLÇ QD XV]NRG]HQLD RUD] G]LDĄDQLH
RGF]\QQLNµZ FKHPLF]Q\FK 6Ç Z\MÇWNRZR WUZDĄ\P PDWHULDĄHP NWµU\ ]DFKRZXMH VZRMH ZĄDĝFLZRĝFL L
< # 2 4 # 5 < # / ; & 1 95 2 Ǻ Œ 2 4 # % ; HVWHW\F]Q\ Z\JOÇG SU]H] GĄXJL F]DV =DVWRVRZDQD SU]H] QDV SĄ\WD R JU PP SRVLDGD Z VWDQGDUG]LH
NODVÛ SDOQRĝFL QRUPDOQLHSDOQD % : QDV]\P DVRUW\PHQFLH PDP\ WHľ SĄ\W\ % V G F]\OL
WUXGQRSDOQH
5 < - 1 Π; + 2 4 < ' & 5 < - 1 . # WUXGQRSDOQH

ĜFLDQNL R JU PP PRFRZDQH VÇ ]D SRPRFÇ V\VWHPX SURILOL DOXPLQLRZ\FK DQRGRZDQ\FK Z NRORU]H
* Z D U D Q W X M H P \ V R O L G Q R ĝ É W H U P L Q R Z R ĝ É QDWXUDOQ\P EÇGļ Z GRZROQ\P NRORU]H ] SDOHW\ 5$/ :\NRU]\VWDQLH RNXÉ Z\NRQDQ\FK ] DOXPLQLXP
VSUDZLD ľH FDĄD NRQVWUXNFMD MHVW ]DUD]HP OHNND L WUZDĄD
R U D ] S H Ą Q H ] D D Q J D ľ R Z D Q L H S U ] \ U H D O L ] D F M L

] D G D Ć G O D Q D V ] \ F K N O L H Q W µ Z 0DWHULDĄ WHQ SR]ZDOD QD QDQRV]HQLH JUDILN WHFKQLNX GUXNX F\IURZHJR 'ODWHJR QD ľ\F]HQLH NOLHQWD
PRľHP\ VSHUVRQDOL]RZDÉ SU]\JRWRZ\ZDQÇ NDELQÛ R]GDELDMÇF MÇ ORJLHP WHNVWHP OXE LOXVWUDFMÇ

2TQFWEGPV MCDKP UCPKVCTP[EJ U[UVGOQY[EJ
PCVT[UMQY[EJ VQCNGVQY[EJ WDKMCELK ɮEKCPGM IKU\GVQY[EJ
U\CHGM WDTCPKQY[EJ DCUGPQY[EJ U\MQNP[EJ









6DQLSRO 6S ] R R ] VLHG]LEÇ Z 0LÛG]\U]HF]X WR SURGXFHQW V\VWHPµZ ĝFLDQ G]LDĄRZ\FK
GR VDQLWDULDWµZ 6ĄXľ\P\ 3DĆVWZX SRPRFÇ Z ]DNUHVLH SURMHNWRZDQLD L RGSRZLHGQLHJR
Z\NRQDQLD ]DEXGRZ\ SRPLHV]F]HĆ VDQLWDUQ\FK L QLH W\ONR


:\NRQXMHP\ ]DEXGRZ\ :& NDELQ\ QDWU\VNRZH SDUDZDQ\ SLVXDURZH
D D WDNľH NDELQ\ SU]HELHUDOQL V]DINL EDVHQRZH EODW\ SRG XP\ZDONL ĝFLDQ\ G]LDĄRZH GR
SRPLHV]F]HĆ IL]MR L IL]\NRWHUDSLL RUD] ZHZQÛWU]QH RNĄDG]LQ\ ĝFLHQQH 1DV]D RIHUWD
GRW\F]\ V\VWHPRZHM ]DEXGRZ\ SRPLHV]F]HĆ VDQLWDUQ\FK Z RSDUFLX R V\VWHP
6$1,32/p Z UµľQ\FK ZDULDQWDFK


:\
:\URE\ QDV]H ]QDOD]Ą\ MXľ ]DVWRVRZDQLH Z ZLHOX RELHNWDFK Xľ\WHF]QRĝFL SXEOLF]QHM
RELHNWDFK KDQGORZ\FK SU]HP\VĄRZ\FK NXOWXUDOQ\FK VSRUWRZ\FK SU]HGV]NRODFK
SODFµZNDFK ]ZLÇ]DQ\FK ]H V]NROQLFWZHP L VĄXľEÇ ]GURZLD 1D GRZµG QDV]HJR
GRĝZLDGF]HQLD ]DSUDV]DP\ GR G]LDĄX ] OLVWÇ UHIHUHQF\MQÇ RELHNWµZ Z NWµU\FK
IXQNFMRQXMÇ QDV]H ĝFLDQNL MXľ RG ZLHOX ODW :\UµE SRVLDGD $SUREDWÛ 7HFKQLF]QÇ L $WHVW
3=+ : V\VWHPLH ]DEXGRZ\ 6$1,32/ +3/ Z\NRU]\VWXMHP\ SĄ\W\ NRPSDNWRZH Z\NRQDQH ] ODPLQDWµZ
Z\VRNRFLĝQLHQLRZ\FK +3/ 3URFHV WZRU]HQLD W\FK SURGXNWµZ SROHJD QD SUDVRZDQLX Z ZDUXQNDFK
2HUXMHP\ NDELQ\ VDQLWDUQH Z\NRQDQH QD ED]LH SĄ\W\ ZLµURZHM PHODPLQRZDQHM 9
2I SRGZ\ľV]RQHM WHPSHUDWXU\ RUD] FLĝQLHQLD QDVÇF]RQ\FK ľ\ZLFÇ ZDUVWZ SDSLHUX : HIHNFLH X]\VNXMH
SĄ\W\ ZDUVWZRZHM +3/ 35 SĄ\W\ NRPSDNWRZHM +3/ =DVWRVRZDQH DNFHVRULD VWRS\ VLÛ ]ZDUW\ L MHGQROLW\ PDWHULDĄ
]DZLDV\ ]DPNL U\JOH SURILOH DOXPLQLRZH ]DSHZQLDMÇ Z\WU]\PDĄRĝÉ RUD] VROLGQRĝÉ
Z\NRQDQLD L ĄDWZRĝÉ Z SLHOÛJQDFML *ZDUDQWXMHP\ GRUDG]WZR WHFKQLF]QH 'R
'RWZRU]HQL QDV]\FK NDELQ VWRVXMHP\ SĄ\W\ R JUXERĝFL PP 0DWHULDĄ WHQ LGHDOQLH QDGDMÛ VLÛ GR
Z\NRQDZVWZR RELHNWRZH ] WUDQVSRUWHP L PRQWDľHP NDELQ QDWU\VNRZ\FK MDN L LQQ\FK ]DEXGµZ Z NWµU\FK ]H Z]JOÛGX QD SDQXMÇFÇ ZDUXQNL WDNLH MDN QS
SDUD ZRGQD ZRGD Z\VRND ZLOJRWQRĝÉ SRZLHWU]D NRQLHF]QH MHVW ]DVWRVRZDQLH PDWHULDĄX
ZRGRRGSRUQHJR 3Ą\W\ +3/ FHFKXMÇ VLÛ ]ZLÛNV]RQÇ RGSRUQRĝFLÇ QD XV]NRG]HQLD RUD] G]LDĄDQLH
RGF]\QQLNµZ FKHPLF]Q\FK 6Ç Z\MÇWNRZR WUZDĄ\P PDWHULDĄHP NWµU\ ]DFKRZXMH VZRMH ZĄDĝFLZRĝFL L
< # 2 4 # 5 < # / ; & 1 95 2 Ǻ Œ 2 4 # % ; HVWHW\F]Q\ Z\JOÇG SU]H] GĄXJL F]DV =DVWRVRZDQD SU]H] QDV SĄ\WD R JU PP SRVLDGD Z VWDQGDUG]LH
NODVÛ SDOQRĝFL QRUPDOQLHSDOQD % : QDV]\P DVRUW\PHQFLH PDP\ WHľ SĄ\W\ % V G F]\OL
WUXGQRSDOQH
5 < - 1 Π; + 2 4 < ' & 5 < - 1 . # WUXGQRSDOQH

ĜFLDQNL R JU PP PRFRZDQH VÇ ]D SRPRFÇ V\VWHPX SURILOL DOXPLQLRZ\FK DQRGRZDQ\FK Z NRORU]H
* Z D U D Q W X M H P \ V R O L G Q R ĝ É W H U P L Q R Z R ĝ É QDWXUDOQ\P EÇGļ Z GRZROQ\P NRORU]H ] SDOHW\ 5$/ :\NRU]\VWDQLH RNXÉ Z\NRQDQ\FK ] DOXPLQLXP
VSUDZLD ľH FDĄD NRQVWUXNFMD MHVW ]DUD]HP OHNND L WUZDĄD
R U D ] S H Ą Q H ] D D Q J D ľ R Z D Q L H S U ] \ U H D O L ] D F M L

] D G D Ć G O D Q D V ] \ F K N O L H Q W µ Z 0DWHULDĄ WHQ SR]ZDOD QD QDQRV]HQLH JUDILN WHFKQLNX GUXNX F\IURZHJR 'ODWHJR QD ľ\F]HQLH NOLHQWD
PRľHP\ VSHUVRQDOL]RZDÉ SU]\JRWRZ\ZDQÇ NDELQÛ R]GDELDMÇF MÇ ORJLHP WHNVWHP OXE LOXVWUDFMÇ

: QDV]HM RIHUFLH PDP\ GRVNRQDĄH NDELQ\
QDWU\VNRZH 6DQLSRO +3/ NWµUH VÇ Z\NRQDQH Z
VSRVµE DQDORJLF]Q\ GR NDELQ :& 6$1,32/
+3/ 3RGREQLH MDN ]DEXGRZ\ ZF WZRU]\P\ MH
] ODPLQDWX Z\VRNRFLĝQLHQLRZHJR +3/ R JU
PP 3URMHNWXMÇF QDV]H NDELQ\ QDWU\VNRZH
XZ]JOÛGQLOLĝP\ LFK ]DVWRVRZDQLH Z
SRPLHVF]HQLDFK R UµľQ\P SR]LRPLH
SRPLHV]
ZLOJRWQRĝFL 'ODWHJR VWZRU]\OLĝP\ NOLND W\SµZ
]DEXGRZ\ &]ÛĝÉ RIHURZDQ\FK PRGHOL OHSLHM
VSUDZG]L VLÛ Z RELHNWDFK R QLľV]\P VXILFLH
LQQH ]QµZ GRVNRQDOH QDGDG]Ç VLÛ GR ZQÛWU] R
ZLÛNV]\FK UR]PLDUDFK -HVWHĝP\ SU]HNRQDQL
ľH NOLHQFL ]QDMGÇ Z QDV]\P DVRUW\PHQFLH
NDELQ\
NDELQ\ ĝFLĝOH GRSDVRZDQH GR LFK SRWU]HE :
RIHUFLH SRVLDGDP\ WDNľH VSHFMDOQH NDELQ\ GOD
SU]HGV]NROL































']LHFL QLH PDMÇ MHV]F]H Z SHĄQL Z\NV]WDĄFRQHJR LQVW\QNWX VDPR]DFKRZDZF]HJR GODWHJR LFK
G]LDĄDQLD FHFKXMH QRQV]DODQFMH L VNĄRQQRĝÉ GR U\]\ND %UDN ĝZLDGRPRĝFL ]DJURľHĆ SRZRGXMH ľH VÇ
EDUG]LHM QDUDľRQH QD XUD]\ 'ODWHJR SURMHNWXMÇF NDELQ\ GOD SU]HGV]NROL VWDUDOLĝP\ VLÛ XF]\QLÉ MH
PRľOLZLH QDMEH]SLHF]QLHMV]\PL L Z SHĄQL SU]\VWRVRZDQ\PL GR SRWU]HE QDMPĄRGV]\FK : QDV]HM RIHUFLH
PDP\ NRQVWUXNFMH GRVWRVRZDQH GOD G]LHFL Z UµľQ\P ZLHNX =QDMGÇ X QDV 3DĆVWZR


VDPH Z\G]LHOHQLD

FDĄD ]DEXGRZD QLVND


O
XE Z XNĄDG]LH PLHV]DQ\P GU]ZL L ĝFLDQNL G]LDĄRZH QLVNLH QDWRPLDVW SR]RVWDĄH HOHPHQW\ W]Q
ĝFLDQNL ]DPNRZH ]DZLDVRZH ]DPNRZR ]DZLDVRZH QD VWDQGDUGRZÇ Z\VRNRĝÉ PP
VSU]ÛľRQH SURILOHP ZLHĆF]ÇF\P

7
7ZRU]ÇF QDV]H NDELQ\ GEDP\ R QDMPQLHMV]H V]F]HJµĄ\ 'ODWHJR RIHUXMHP\ ]DEXGRZ\ ZF GHG\NRZDQH
GOD G]LHFL Z ERJDWHM ľ\ZHM NRORU\VWFH 'RW\F]\ WR QLH W\ONR SĄ\W DOH UµZQLHľ RNXÉ NWµUH UµZQLHľ PRJÇ
]RVWDÉ SRNU\WH Z\EUDQÇ EDUZÇ : WURVFH R EH]SLHF]HĆVWZR QDMPĄRGV]\FK ZSURZDG]LOLĝP\ ]HVWDZ
XGRJRGQLHĆ ]DPLDVW VWDQGDUGRZHM NODPNL PRQWXMHP\ SRFKZ\WX .,*$ F]\OL W]Z NLHURZQLFÛ 3RQDGWR
Xľ\ZDP\ VSHFMDOQ\FK ]DZLDVµZ OXE XV]F]HOHN DQW\XFLVNRZ\FK NWµUH ]DSRELHJDMÇ SU]\WU]DĝQLÛFLRP
SDOFµZ 0RľHP\ WHľ QDGDÉ GU]ZLRP NDELQ LQG\ZLGXDOQ\ NV]WDĄW

: QDV]HM RIHUFLH PDP\ GRVNRQDĄH NDELQ\
QDWU\VNRZH 6DQLSRO +3/ NWµUH VÇ Z\NRQDQH Z
VSRVµE DQDORJLF]Q\ GR NDELQ :& 6$1,32/
+3/ 3RGREQLH MDN ]DEXGRZ\ ZF WZRU]\P\ MH
] ODPLQDWX Z\VRNRFLĝQLHQLRZHJR +3/ R JU
PP 3URMHNWXMÇF QDV]H NDELQ\ QDWU\VNRZH
XZ]JOÛGQLOLĝP\ LFK ]DVWRVRZDQLH Z
SRPLHVF]HQLDFK R UµľQ\P SR]LRPLH
SRPLHV]
ZLOJRWQRĝFL 'ODWHJR VWZRU]\OLĝP\ NOLND W\SµZ
]DEXGRZ\ &]ÛĝÉ RIHURZDQ\FK PRGHOL OHSLHM
VSUDZG]L VLÛ Z RELHNWDFK R QLľV]\P VXILFLH
LQQH ]QµZ GRVNRQDOH QDGDG]Ç VLÛ GR ZQÛWU] R
ZLÛNV]\FK UR]PLDUDFK -HVWHĝP\ SU]HNRQDQL
ľH NOLHQFL ]QDMGÇ Z QDV]\P DVRUW\PHQFLH
NDELQ\
NDELQ\ ĝFLĝOH GRSDVRZDQH GR LFK SRWU]HE :
RIHUFLH SRVLDGDP\ WDNľH VSHFMDOQH NDELQ\ GOD
SU]HGV]NROL































']LHFL QLH PDMÇ MHV]F]H Z SHĄQL Z\NV]WDĄFRQHJR LQVW\QNWX VDPR]DFKRZDZF]HJR GODWHJR LFK
G]LDĄDQLD FHFKXMH QRQV]DODQFMH L VNĄRQQRĝÉ GR U\]\ND %UDN ĝZLDGRPRĝFL ]DJURľHĆ SRZRGXMH ľH VÇ
EDUG]LHM QDUDľRQH QD XUD]\ 'ODWHJR SURMHNWXMÇF NDELQ\ GOD SU]HGV]NROL VWDUDOLĝP\ VLÛ XF]\QLÉ MH
PRľOLZLH QDMEH]SLHF]QLHMV]\PL L Z SHĄQL SU]\VWRVRZDQ\PL GR SRWU]HE QDMPĄRGV]\FK : QDV]HM RIHUFLH
PDP\ NRQVWUXNFMH GRVWRVRZDQH GOD G]LHFL Z UµľQ\P ZLHNX =QDMGÇ X QDV 3DĆVWZR


VDPH Z\G]LHOHQLD

FDĄD ]DEXGRZD QLVND


O
XE Z XNĄDG]LH PLHV]DQ\P GU]ZL L ĝFLDQNL G]LDĄRZH QLVNLH QDWRPLDVW SR]RVWDĄH HOHPHQW\ W]Q
ĝFLDQNL ]DPNRZH ]DZLDVRZH ]DPNRZR ]DZLDVRZH QD VWDQGDUGRZÇ Z\VRNRĝÉ PP
VSU]ÛľRQH SURILOHP ZLHĆF]ÇF\P

7
7ZRU]ÇF QDV]H NDELQ\ GEDP\ R QDMPQLHMV]H V]F]HJµĄ\ 'ODWHJR RIHUXMHP\ ]DEXGRZ\ ZF GHG\NRZDQH
GOD G]LHFL Z ERJDWHM ľ\ZHM NRORU\VWFH 'RW\F]\ WR QLH W\ONR SĄ\W DOH UµZQLHľ RNXÉ NWµUH UµZQLHľ PRJÇ
]RVWDÉ SRNU\WH Z\EUDQÇ EDUZÇ : WURVFH R EH]SLHF]HĆVWZR QDMPĄRGV]\FK ZSURZDG]LOLĝP\ ]HVWDZ
XGRJRGQLHĆ ]DPLDVW VWDQGDUGRZHM NODPNL PRQWXMHP\ SRFKZ\WX .,*$ F]\OL W]Z NLHURZQLFÛ 3RQDGWR
Xľ\ZDP\ VSHFMDOQ\FK ]DZLDVµZ OXE XV]F]HOHN DQW\XFLVNRZ\FK NWµUH ]DSRELHJDMÇ SU]\WU]DĝQLÛFLRP
SDOFµZ 0RľHP\ WHľ QDGDÉ GU]ZLRP NDELQ LQG\ZLGXDOQ\ NV]WDĄW

6]DINL EDVHQRZH +3/ VWRVRZDQH VÇ ]DUµZQR Z
SRPLHV]F]HQLDFK VXFK\FK MDN L Z W\FK R
Z\VRNLHM ZLOJRWQRĝFL 3RQLľHM ]QDMGÇ 3DĆVWZR
GRNĄDGQH LQIRUPDFMH QD WHPDW LFK VSHF\ILNDFML


6]DINL
6]DINL Z\NRQXMHP\ QD VWHODľX DOXPLQLRZ\P
RUD] SĄ\W\ +3/ Z JUXERĝFLDFK 7DN GREUDQH
PDWHULDĄ\ JZDUDQWXMÇ ZRGRRGSRUQRĝÉ RUD]
2ERN FDĄHM JDP\ NDELQ VDQLWDUQ\FK ]DMPXMHP\ PHFKDQLF]QÇ WUZDĄRĝÉ =H Z]JOÛGX QD VZRMD
VLÛ SURGXNFMÇ NDELQ GR SU]HELHUDOQL IXQNFMRQDOQRĝÉ HVWHW\NÛ RUD] Z\WU]\PDĄRĝÉ
6WDQGDUGRZR VÇ RQH Z\SRVDľRQH Z V\VWHP V]DINL WH ]QDOD]Ą\ ]DVWRVRZDQLH QD EDVHQDFK
VSU]ÛľHQLD GU]ZL XQLHPRľOLZLDMÇF\ ZHMĝFLH GR V]DWQLDFK F]\ Z ]DNĄDGDFK SUDF\ MDN L ZLHOX
NDELQ\ JG\ ZHZQÇWU] ]QDMGXMH VLÛ RVRED RUD] LQQ\
LQQFK RELHNWDFK
SR]RVWDZLHQLD ]DEORNRZDQ\FK GU]ZL
: NDELQDFK PRQWRZDQD MHVW UµZQLHľ ĄDZHF]ND












































6WDQGDWDQGDUGRZR V]DINL Z\NRQXMHP\ R Z\PLDUDFK
6
[ [ PP RSFMRQDOQLH LVWQLHMH PRľOLZRĝÉ
]DPµZLHQLD V]DIHN ] ]LQWHJURZDQÇ ĄDZNÇ RUD] R
LQQ\FK Z\PLDUDFK 3URGXNXMHP\ V]DINL Z NLONX
W\SDFK 6 6 / RUD] 6 V]DINL VNU\WNRZH R GRZROQHM LORĝFL
VFKRZNµZ ,VWQLHMH PRľOLZRĝÉ ]DNXSX SRMHG\QF]\FK VĄXSNµZ OXE
]ĄRľRQ\FK PRGXĄµZ 3ROHFDP\ WDNľH LQQH DUW\NXĄ\ GRVWÛSQH Z QDV]HM
RI
RIHUFLH Z W\P NDELQ\ GR SU]HELHUDOQL RUD] ĝFLDQ\ G]LDĄRZH +3/ D WDNľH EODW\
+3/ SRG XP\ZDONL

6]DINL EDVHQRZH +3/ VWRVRZDQH VÇ ]DUµZQR Z
SRPLHV]F]HQLDFK VXFK\FK MDN L Z W\FK R
Z\VRNLHM ZLOJRWQRĝFL 3RQLľHM ]QDMGÇ 3DĆVWZR
GRNĄDGQH LQIRUPDFMH QD WHPDW LFK VSHF\ILNDFML


6]DINL
6]DINL Z\NRQXMHP\ QD VWHODľX DOXPLQLRZ\P
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