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Published by B&R, 2018-11-30 07:28:34

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.VMUJNFEJBMOF QSPHSBNZ TMIV[W^]GL XV^IGL OPEW W^OS] TSHWXE[S[IN (^MIGM TV^]W[SNʈ WSFMI M YXV[EPʈ
[MIH^ʚ M YQMINʚXRS˒GM OXɹVI TSXV^IFRI Wʈ TV^IH TɹN˒GMIQ HS W^OS] SVE^ [
FEVLBDZKOF EMB T[Lӓ GMʈKY TMIV[W^]GL XV^IGL PEX REYOM W^OSPRIN +ɹ[R]QM QSX][EQM TSNE[MENʈG]QM
WMʚ [ TVSKVEQMI Wʈ MRXIVEOX][RI HVI[RMERI OSWXOM SVE^ PMG^]HS E [MʚG TV^IH
QPETUBXPXZDI J QS[FET[LPMJ QMSX] ^ OXɹV]QM YG^RMS[MI ^ TI[RS˒GMʈ QMIPM OSRXEOX TSHG^EW TMIV[W^]GL PEX
REYOM




&I^TMIG^IʾWX[S [ VYGLY HVSKS[]Q


4VSKVEQ IHYOEG]NR] HPE YG^RMɹ[ W^OS] TSHWXE[S[IN 4V^] NIN TSQSG] YG^RMS
ŵ 4VSKVEQ] M KV] IHYOEG]NRI ʉ[MG^IRME M XIWX] SRPMRI [MI TS^RENʈ ^EWEH] FI^TMIG^IʿWX[E VYGLY HVSKS[IKS SVE^ Vɹ˵RI OSROVIXRI

ŵ )JIOX][RI HPE REYG^]GMIPM M EXVEOG]NRI HPE YG^RMɸ[ W]XYEGNI [ VYGLY HVSKS[]Q ^ NEOMQM QSKʈ WMʚ WTSXOEʊ [ GSH^MIRR]Q ˵]GMY
ʈG^RMI ^ ^EKEHRMIRMIQ FI^TMIG^RIN HVSKM HS W^OS] M ^EWEHEQM YH^MIPERME
ŵ (^MEE RE [W^]WXOMGL XEFPMGEGL MRXIVEOX][R]GL TMIV[W^IN TSQSG]

ŵ 0MGIRGNI KVYTS[I RE [W^]WXOMI OSQTYXIV] [ W^OSPI

ŵ ;]WSOE NEOSˑʉ QIV]XSV]G^RE TV^]NE^RI GIR] 0YH^OMI GMES


/ /SWQMGM ^ SHPIKIN KEPEOX]OM ^FPM˵]PM WMʚ TSHG^EW W[IN IOWTIH]GNM HS TPERIX] >IQME
'IPIQ IOWTIH]GNM NIWX Y^]WOERMI NEO REN[MʚGIN MRJSVQEGNM S RENFEVH^MIN VS^[MRMʚX]GL
QMIW^OEʿGEGL >MIQM /MQ Wʈ PYH^MI# .EO ^FYHS[ERI NIWX GMES G^S[MIOE# '^]Q
PYH^MI Vɹ˵RMʈ WMʚ SH WMIFMI RE[^ENIQ# 4V^I^ NEOMI IXET] ˵]GME TV^IGLSH^ʈ# 'S NIH^ʈ
M NEO HFENʈ S W[SNI ^HVS[MI# 3HTS[MIH^M RE XI T]XERME SVE^ [MIPI MRR]GL MRJSVQEGNM ^
^EOVIWYɅIHYOEGNM [G^IWRSW^OSPRINɅMɅTV^]VSH]Ʌ^E[MIVE XIR QYPXMQIHMEPR] IHYOEG]NR]
TVSKVEQ TV^I^REG^SR] HPE H^MIGMɅ^ OPEW W^OS] TSHWXE[S[IN





1ɸN TMIV[W^] EPJEFIX


4VSKVEQ IHYOEG]NR] TX Ʌ1ɹN TMIV[W^] EPJEFIXɅ^SWXE WX[SV^SR] ^ Q]˒Pʈ SɅ[W^]WXOMGL
TV^IHW^OSPEOEGL M TMIV[W^EOEGL OXɹV^] GLGMIPMF] REYG^]ʊ WMʚ VS^TS^RE[ERME TSP
WOMGL PMXIV NIHRSG^I˒RMI HSFV^I WMʚ FE[MʈG ; X]Q GIPY ^ETVEW^EQ] MGL HS RS[SG^I
WRIKS QMEWXIG^OE TIRIKS GMIOE[]GL QMINWG M ^EHEʿ H^MʚOM OXɹV]Q QSKʈ REYG^]ʊ
WMʚ G^IKS˒ RS[IKS E NIHRSG^I˒RMI YXV[EPMʊ RS[S ^HSF]Xʈ [MIH^ʚ





;IWSPE QEXIQEX]OE


2
2MRMINW^]MRMINW^] TVSKVEQ IHYOEG]NR] NIWX TV^I^REG^SR]ɅHPE X]GL [W^]WXOMGL YG^RMɹ[
OPEW RM˵W^]GL OXɹV^] GLGʈ TSTV^I^ ʊ[MG^IRME [ JSVQMI KV] ɅHSWOSREPMʊ W[SNI
YQMINʚXRS˒GM QEXIQEX]G^RI 2E QSV^Y [ KʚFMREGL QSVWOMGL M RE TPE˵] G^IOE
RE RMGL QRɹWX[S GMIOE[]GL MRXIVEOX][R]GL KMIV ^E TSQSGʈ OXɹV]GL QSKʈ RE
[MIPI WTSWSFɹ[ ʊ[MG^]ʊɅHSHE[ERMI M SHINQS[ERMI E XEO˵I QRS˵IRMI M H^MIPI
RMI SVE^ TSVɹ[R][ERMI PMG^F






[[[ HMHEOXE TP ŵ [[[ WMPGSQ QYPXMQIHME TP ŵ )QEMP MRJS$WMPGSQ QYPXMQIHME TP

1ʇHVEPE RE [WM 1SNI TMIV[W^I Wɸ[OE )2


1ʈHVEPE RE [WM XS QYPXMQIHMEPR] TVSKVEQ IHYOEG]NR] HPE H^MIGM OXɹV] 1YPXMQIHMEPR] TVSKVEQ IHYOEG]NR]Ʌ1SNI TMIV[W^I Wɹ[OE .ʚ^]O ERKMIP
[ EXVEOG]NR] WTSWɹF [ JSVQMI ^EFE[] ^ETS^RE NI ^ Vɹ˵R]QM KEXYROEQM WOMɅNIWX TSH^MIPSR] RE H[MI G^ʚ˒GM '^ʚ˒ʊ IHYOEG]NREɅSFINQYNI WS[RM
^[MIV^ʈX HSQS[]GL PYF []WXʚTYNʈG]GL [ TSFPM˵Y PYH^OMGL WMIH^MF RE G^IO MPYWXVS[ER] [ OXɹV]Q Y˵]XOS[RMO TS^RENI TSW^G^IKɹPRI WS[E
TSPEGL ʈOEGL [ WXE[EGL M PEWEGL YTSV^ʈHOS[ERI EPJEFIX]G^RMI PYF [ SOVI˒PSR]GL OVʚKEGL XIQEX]G^R]GL
;W^]WXOMI Wɹ[OE G^]XERI Wʈ TV^I^ TVSJIWNSREPRIKS PIOXSVE








1ʇHVEPE M NIKS WEJEVM
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1ʈHVEPE M NIKS WEJEVM XS QYPXMQIHMEPR] TVSKVEQ IHYOEG]NR] HPE H^MIGM
OXɹV] [ EXVEOG]NR] WTSWɹF [ JSVQMI ^EFE[] ^ETS^RE NI ^ Vɹ˵R]QM KE 1YPXMQIHMEPR] TVSKVEQ TV^I^REG^SR] HPE YG^RMɹ[ W^Oɹ TSHWXE[S
XYROEQM ^[MIV^ʈX ^ GEIKS ˒[MEXE []GL TS^RENʈG]GL XENRMOMɅKVEQEX]OM Nʚ^]OE TSPWOMIKS ^EVɹ[RS HPE
X]GL OXɹV^] WXE[MENʈ TMIV[W^I OVSOM [ VS^TS^RE[ERMY TSW^G^IKɹP
R]GLɅG^ʚ˒GM QS[] NEO M X]GL OXɹV^] ^RENʈ NY˵ XI ^EKEHRMIRME QSVJSPS
KMM M TVEKRʈ NI WSFMI YXV[EPMʊ

4SPWOE M NIN [SNI[ɸH^X[E

8
8IR QYPXMQIHMEPR] TVSKVEQ TV^]FPM˵] H^MIGMSQ XIQEX]Oʚ TSH^MEY 4SPWOM
RE [SNI[ɹH^X[E ;ɅG^ʚ˒GM IHYOEG]NRINɅY˵]XOS[RMG] ^ETS^RENʈ WMʚ ^
SKɹPRʈ GLEVEOXIV]WX]Oʈ M HER]QM WXEX]WX]G^R]QM HSX]G^ʈG]QM TSW^G^I
KɹPR]GL [SNI[ɹH^X[ ^ MRJSVQEGNEQM RE XIQEX [EVYROɹ[ TV^]VSHRMG^]GL
TV^IQ]WY VSPRMGX[E TS^RENʈ WE[R]GL 4SPEOɹ[ ^[Mʈ^ER]GL ^ TSW^G^I
KɹPR]QM [SNI[ɹH^X[EQM E XEO˵I ^EF]XOM M GMIOE[I QMINWGE






9RME )YVSTINWOE HPE H^MIGM


1
1YPXMQIHMEPR]YPXMQIHMEPR] TVSKVEQ IHYOEG]NR]Ʌ9RME )YVSTINWOEɅNIWX TSH^MIPSR] RE
H[MI G^ʚ˒GM '^ʚ˒ʊ IHYOEG]NREɅ^E[MIVE TSHWXE[S[IɅHERI WXEX]WX]G^RI
S TEʿWX[EGL 9) MRJSVQEGNI S TV^IQ]˒PI M VSPRMGX[MI ũ QS˵RE XYXEN ^RE
PI˳ʊ QET] OSRXYVS[I ^E[MIVENʈGI Kɹ[RI IPIQIRX] GLEVEOXIV]^YNʈGI
TSW^G^IKɹPRI OVENI TSS˵IRMI QMEWX TEWQ KɹVWOMGL []˵]R M RM^MR V^IOM
XIVIR] TV^IQ]WS[I SVE^ VSPRMG^I






1SNI TMIV[W^I Wɸ[OE ()


1YPXMQIHMEPR] TVSKVEQ IHYOEG]NR]Ʌ1SNI TMIV[W^I Wɹ[OE .ʚ^]O RMI
QMIGOMɅNIWX TSH^MIPSR] RE H[MI G^ʚ˒GM '^ʚ˒ʊ IHYOEG]NREɅSFINQYNI WS[
RMG^IO MPYWXVS[ER] [ OXɹV]Q Y˵]XOS[RMO TS^RENI TSW^G^IKɹPRI WS[E
YTSV^ʈHOS[ERI EPJEFIX]G^RMI PYF [ SOVI˒PSR]GL OVʚKEGL XIQEX]G^R]GL
;W^]WXOMI Wɹ[OE G^]XERI Wʈ TV^I^ TVSJIWNSREPRIKS PIOXSVE





[[[ HMHEOXE TP ŵ [[[ WMPGSQ QYPXMQIHME TP ŵ )QEMP MRJS$WMPGSQ QYPXMQIHME TP

1ʇHVEPE RE [WM 1SNI TMIV[W^I Wɸ[OE )2


1ʈHVEPE RE [WM XS QYPXMQIHMEPR] TVSKVEQ IHYOEG]NR] HPE H^MIGM OXɹV] 1YPXMQIHMEPR] TVSKVEQ IHYOEG]NR]Ʌ1SNI TMIV[W^I Wɹ[OE .ʚ^]O ERKMIP
[ EXVEOG]NR] WTSWɹF [ JSVQMI ^EFE[] ^ETS^RE NI ^ Vɹ˵R]QM KEXYROEQM WOMɅNIWX TSH^MIPSR] RE H[MI G^ʚ˒GM '^ʚ˒ʊ IHYOEG]NREɅSFINQYNI WS[RM
^[MIV^ʈX HSQS[]GL PYF []WXʚTYNʈG]GL [ TSFPM˵Y PYH^OMGL WMIH^MF RE G^IO MPYWXVS[ER] [ OXɹV]Q Y˵]XOS[RMO TS^RENI TSW^G^IKɹPRI WS[E
TSPEGL ʈOEGL [ WXE[EGL M PEWEGL YTSV^ʈHOS[ERI EPJEFIX]G^RMI PYF [ SOVI˒PSR]GL OVʚKEGL XIQEX]G^R]GL
;W^]WXOMI Wɹ[OE G^]XERI Wʈ TV^I^ TVSJIWNSREPRIKS PIOXSVE








1ʇHVEPE M NIKS WEJEVM
'^ʙˑGM QS[] LST HS KS[]

1ʈHVEPE M NIKS WEJEVM XS QYPXMQIHMEPR] TVSKVEQ IHYOEG]NR] HPE H^MIGM
OXɹV] [ EXVEOG]NR] WTSWɹF [ JSVQMI ^EFE[] ^ETS^RE NI ^ Vɹ˵R]QM KE 1YPXMQIHMEPR] TVSKVEQ TV^I^REG^SR] HPE YG^RMɹ[ W^Oɹ TSHWXE[S
XYROEQM ^[MIV^ʈX ^ GEIKS ˒[MEXE []GL TS^RENʈG]GL XENRMOMɅKVEQEX]OM Nʚ^]OE TSPWOMIKS ^EVɹ[RS HPE
X]GL OXɹV^] WXE[MENʈ TMIV[W^I OVSOM [ VS^TS^RE[ERMY TSW^G^IKɹP
R]GLɅG^ʚ˒GM QS[] NEO M X]GL OXɹV^] ^RENʈ NY˵ XI ^EKEHRMIRME QSVJSPS
KMM M TVEKRʈ NI WSFMI YXV[EPMʊ

4SPWOE M NIN [SNI[ɸH^X[E

8
8IR QYPXMQIHMEPR] TVSKVEQ TV^]FPM˵] H^MIGMSQ XIQEX]Oʚ TSH^MEY 4SPWOM
RE [SNI[ɹH^X[E ;ɅG^ʚ˒GM IHYOEG]NRINɅY˵]XOS[RMG] ^ETS^RENʈ WMʚ ^
SKɹPRʈ GLEVEOXIV]WX]Oʈ M HER]QM WXEX]WX]G^R]QM HSX]G^ʈG]QM TSW^G^I
KɹPR]GL [SNI[ɹH^X[ ^ MRJSVQEGNEQM RE XIQEX [EVYROɹ[ TV^]VSHRMG^]GL
TV^IQ]WY VSPRMGX[E TS^RENʈ WE[R]GL 4SPEOɹ[ ^[Mʈ^ER]GL ^ TSW^G^I
KɹPR]QM [SNI[ɹH^X[EQM E XEO˵I ^EF]XOM M GMIOE[I QMINWGE






9RME )YVSTINWOE HPE H^MIGM


1YPXMQIHMEPR]YPXMQIHMEPR] TVSKVEQ IHYOEG]NR]Ʌ9RME )YVSTINWOEɅNIWX TSH^MIPSR] RE
1
H[MI G^ʚ˒GM '^ʚ˒ʊ IHYOEG]NREɅ^E[MIVE TSHWXE[S[IɅHERI WXEX]WX]G^RI
S TEʿWX[EGL 9) MRJSVQEGNI S TV^IQ]˒PI M VSPRMGX[MI ũ QS˵RE XYXEN ^RE
PI˳ʊ QET] OSRXYVS[I ^E[MIVENʈGI Kɹ[RI IPIQIRX] GLEVEOXIV]^YNʈGI
TSW^G^IKɹPRI OVENI TSS˵IRMI QMEWX TEWQ KɹVWOMGL []˵]R M RM^MR V^IOM
XIVIR] TV^IQ]WS[I SVE^ VSPRMG^I






1SNI TMIV[W^I Wɸ[OE ()


1YPXMQIHMEPR] TVSKVEQ IHYOEG]NR]Ʌ1SNI TMIV[W^I Wɹ[OE .ʚ^]O RMI
QMIGOMɅNIWX TSH^MIPSR] RE H[MI G^ʚ˒GM '^ʚ˒ʊ IHYOEG]NREɅSFINQYNI WS[
RMG^IO MPYWXVS[ER] [ OXɹV]Q Y˵]XOS[RMO TS^RENI TSW^G^IKɹPRI WS[E
YTSV^ʈHOS[ERI EPJEFIX]G^RMI PYF [ SOVI˒PSR]GL OVʚKEGL XIQEX]G^R]GL
;W^]WXOMI Wɹ[OE G^]XERI Wʈ TV^I^ TVSJIWNSREPRIKS PIOXSVE





[[[ HMHEOXE TP ŵ [[[ WMPGSQ QYPXMQIHME TP ŵ )QEMP MRJS$WMPGSQ QYPXMQIHME TP










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