The words you are searching are inside this book. To get more targeted content, please make full-text search by clicking here.
Discover the best professional documents and content resources in AnyFlip Document Base.
Search
Published by B&R, 2018-09-17 03:42:06

Plantpur - katalog indywidualny

ěSLÇF VSÚG]DP\ Ľ\FLD GODWHJR PDWHUDF MHVW ZDĽQ\


0DWHUDF UHKDELOLWDF\MQ\ 3ODQW3XU WR JZDUDQFMD ]GURZHJR VQX




















































0DV] S\WDQLD"




'RUDGFD 3ODQW3XU MHVW GR 7ZRMHM G\VSR]\FML


OXE NRQWDNW#SODQWSXU SO 8QLNDWRZD URG]LQD


PDWHUDF\ HNRORJLF]Q\FK




3ODQWSXU
XO *OLQLDQD
2OHĜQLFD ZZZ SODQWSXU SO
3ROVND

0DWHUDF 3ODQW3XU &RPSRVLWH
70





1DV] PDWHUDF ] SLDQNL WHUPRHODVW\F]QHM Z\NRQDQ\ MHVW VSHFMDOQLH SRG LQG\ZLGXDOQH SRWU]HE\ L
SUHIHUHQFMH RVRERZH 3ODQW3XU70 &RPSRVLWH QLH MHVW MHGQ\P ] ZLHOX VWDQGDUGRZ\FK PDWHUDF\
6WDZLDP\ QD ]DVSRNRMHQLH SRWU]HE RUD] Z\PDJDą 1D]ZDOLĜP\ JR ֧3ODQW3XU70 ֞ RVRELVW\ W\S
1DV] URĜOLQQ\ PDWHUDF WHUPRHODVW\F]Q\ 3ODQW3XU70 &RPSRVLWH SURGXNXMHP\ Z 3ROVFH L MHVWHĜP\ ]
WHJR GXPQL &LÚĽNR SUDFXMHP\ QDG SRZVWDQLHP NDĽGHJR PDWHUDFD RG PRPHQWX SURMHNWRZDQLD DĽ SR NRPIRUWX
]DSDNRZDQLH L Z\V\ăNÚ GR NOLHQWD %LHU]HP\ SHăQÇ RGSRZLHG]LDOQRĜÉ ]D XĽ\WH WRZDU\ SRQLHZDĽ FDă\
]ăRĽRQ\ SURFHV SURGXNFML L G\VWU\EXFML VSRF]\ZD Z QDV]\FK UÚNDFK ODW JZDUDQFML _ ODWD WHVWµZ _ SDWHQW\ _ Z]RU\ ]DVWU]HĽRQH _ PDWHUDF




:L]MD L 0LVMD 3ODQW3XU &RPSRVLWH70


'ăXJRIDORZÇ ZL]MÇ WHFKQRORJLL 3ODQW3XU70 &RPSRVLWH MHVW GRVWÚSQRĜÉ Z NDĽG\P HNRORJLF]Q\P
GRPX FHQLÇF\P VRELH ]GURZLH L Z\JRGÚ
,GHDOQ\ NRPIRUW 2OHMH URĜOLQQH 0DWHULDă DQW\EDNWHU\MQ\
1DV]D
1DV]D PLVMD SROHJD QD Z\NOXF]DQLX XĽ\FLD VXEVWDQFML V]NRG]ÇF\FK ĜURGRZLVNX QDWXUDOQHPX RUD] 1DV]H VDPRSRF]XFLH SRGF]DV GQLD ]DOHĽ\ : QDV]\FK PDWHUDFDFK VXEVWDQFMH :\NRąF]HQLH WNDQLQ\ $QW\EDNWHULDO
]GURZLX E\ E\ă WR QDSUDZGÚ GREU\ PDWHUDF GR VSDQLD SRG NDĽG\P Z]JOÚGHP RG WHJR MDN VSÚG]DP\ QRF 0DWHUDF ] URSRSRFKRGQH GR ]RVWDă\ SRNU\WH MHVW PLNURELRORJLF]Q\PL
SLDQNL WHUPRHODVW\F]QHM 3ODQW3XU70 ]DVWÇSLRQH QDWXUDOQ\PL ROHMDPL SUR ELRW\F]Q\PL ZDUVWZDPL )UHVKH NWµUH
&RPSRVLWH GDMH JZDUDQFMÚ Z\VSDQLD 7R URĜOLQQ\PL ']LÚNL WHPX MHVW WR PDMÇ ]D ]DGDQLH VNXWHF]QLH ]ZDOF]\É
PDWHUDF GRSDVXMÚ VLÚ GR 7ZRMHJR FLDăD GREU\ PDWHUDF GOD ]GURZLD EDNWHULH JU]\E\ L UR]WRF]D










,QQRZDF\MQH PHWRG\ GRUDG]WZD :\WU]\PDăRĜÉ L JZDUDQFMD 3HUVRQDOL]DFMD ěFLÇJDQ\ WRS

6NUXSXONUXSXODWQH RUD] U\JRU\VW\F]QH WHVW\ 7 3U]\V]\W\ ]DPNLHP Eă\VNU]\V]\W\ ]DPNLHP Eă\VNDZLF]Q\P
6
3
7ZRMH FLDăR MHVW QLHSRZWDU]DOQH L QLH
GDMÇ QDP PRĽOLZRĜÉ XG]LHODQLD PRĽQD JR VWDQGDU\]RZDÉ .DĽGD RVRED PDWHUDF QDZLHU]FKQLRZ\ SHăQL IXQNFMÚ
2SDWHQWRZDQH SU]H] QDV VWRLVNR 3ODQW3XU70 SRPDJD Z RIHURZDQLX OHWQLHM JZDUDQFML QD ZNăDG ĜSL LQDF]HM L ZăDĜQLH GODWHJR GDMHP\ &L ZDUVWZ\ NRPIRUWRZHM RUD] RFKURQQHM
Z\ERU]H L NRQVXOWLQJX ] SRWHQFMDOQ\P NOLHQWHP NRPSR]\WRZ\ :NăDG PDWHUDFD ]RVWDă PRĽOLZRĜÉ Z\EUDQLD PDWHUDFD LGHDOQHJR PDWHUDFD 3ODQW3XU70 &RPSRVLWH
SRGGDQ\ EDGDQLX Z\WU]\PDăRĜFLRZHPX GOD &LHELH -DNL Z\EUDÉ PDWHUDF DE\ E\ă =DVWU]HĽRQ\ Z]RUHP SU]HP\VăRZ\P L
Z NWµU\P URORZDQR JR DĽ UD]\ QDMEDUG]LHM NRPIRUWRZ\" 3ODQW3XU70 XĽ\WNRZ\P SR]ZDOD QD ăDWZH SUDQLH Z
֧:LGHR 'RUDGFD֦ VWZDU]D LQWHUDNW\ZQÇ UHODFMÚ SRSU]H] SRăÇF]HQLH
֧:LGHR 'RUDGFD֦ 7R GREU\ PDWHUDF QD ODWD &RPSRVLWH ZDUXQNDFK GRPRZ\FK
WUDG\F\MQHJR PRGHOX NRQVXOWLQJX NRPXQLNDFML EH]SRĜUHGQLHM ]
ZLGHR LQWHUDNW\ZQRĜFLÇ VWRLVND GRUDGF]HJR 7R GDMH PRĽOLZRĜÉ
QDZLÇ]DQLD NRQWDNWX KDQGORZHJR SRPLÚG]\ NXSXMÇF\P D GRUDGFÇ )XQNFMRQDOQH XĽ\WNRZDQLH 3U]HP\ĜODQ\ NDĽG\ HOHPHQW


.RPIRUW VQX L XĽ\WNRZDQLD PDWHUDFD MHVW GOD QDV
QDMZDĽQLHMV]\ 3ODQW3XU70 &RPSRVLWH VNăDGD VLÚ ] GZµFK
ZDUVWZ R ăÇF]QHM JUXERĜFL FP ֝ SLHUZV]D WR ED]D
PDWHUDFD GUXJD WR SU]\V]\W\ ]DPNLHP Eă\VNDZLF]Q\P
PDWHUDF QDZLHU]FKQLRZ\

=DVWU]HĽRQ\
=DVWU]HĽRQ\ Z]RUHP SU]HP\VăRZ\P L XĽ\WNRZ\P
SRNURZLHF SR]ZDOD QD ăDWZH SUDQLH Z ZDUXQNDFK
GRPRZ\FK 0DWHUDF ] HNRORJLF]QHM SLDQNL WHUPRHODVW\F]QHM
3ODQW3XU70 GRSDVRZXMH VLÚ GR 7ZRMHJR FLDăD UHGXNXMÇF
QDFLVN L SRZRGXMÇF RGFLÇĽHQLH PLÚĜQL




ղ NRQWDNW#SODQWSXU SO ZZZ SODQWSXU SO

0DWHUDF 3ODQW3XU &RPSRVLWH
70





1DV] PDWHUDF ] SLDQNL WHUPRHODVW\F]QHM Z\NRQDQ\ MHVW VSHFMDOQLH SRG LQG\ZLGXDOQH SRWU]HE\ L
SUHIHUHQFMH RVRERZH 3ODQW3XU70 &RPSRVLWH QLH MHVW MHGQ\P ] ZLHOX VWDQGDUGRZ\FK PDWHUDF\
6WDZLDP\ QD ]DVSRNRMHQLH SRWU]HE RUD] Z\PDJDą 1D]ZDOLĜP\ JR ֧3ODQW3XU70 ֞ RVRELVW\ W\S
1DV] URĜOLQQ\ PDWHUDF WHUPRHODVW\F]Q\ 3ODQW3XU70 &RPSRVLWH SURGXNXMHP\ Z 3ROVFH L MHVWHĜP\ ]
WHJR GXPQL &LÚĽNR SUDFXMHP\ QDG SRZVWDQLHP NDĽGHJR PDWHUDFD RG PRPHQWX SURMHNWRZDQLD DĽ SR NRPIRUWX
]DSDNRZDQLH L Z\V\ăNÚ GR NOLHQWD %LHU]HP\ SHăQÇ RGSRZLHG]LDOQRĜÉ ]D XĽ\WH WRZDU\ SRQLHZDĽ FDă\
]ăRĽRQ\ SURFHV SURGXNFML L G\VWU\EXFML VSRF]\ZD Z QDV]\FK UÚNDFK ODW JZDUDQFML _ ODWD WHVWµZ _ SDWHQW\ _ Z]RU\ ]DVWU]HĽRQH _ PDWHUDF




:L]MD L 0LVMD 3ODQW3XU &RPSRVLWH70


'ăXJRIDORZÇ ZL]MÇ WHFKQRORJLL 3ODQW3XU70 &RPSRVLWH MHVW GRVWÚSQRĜÉ Z NDĽG\P HNRORJLF]Q\P
GRPX FHQLÇF\P VRELH ]GURZLH L Z\JRGÚ
,GHDOQ\ NRPIRUW 2OHMH URĜOLQQH 0DWHULDă DQW\EDNWHU\MQ\
1DV]D PLVMD SROHJD QD Z\NOXF]DQLX XĽ\FLD VXEVWDQFML V]NRG]ÇF\FK ĜURGRZLVNX QDWXUDOQHPX RUD] 1DV]H VDPRSRF]XFLH SRGF]DV GQLD ]DOHĽ\ : QDV]\FK PDWHUDFDFK VXEVWDQFMH :\NRąF]HQLH WNDQLQ\ $QW\EDNWHULDO
1DV]D
]GURZLX E\ E\ă WR QDSUDZGÚ GREU\ PDWHUDF GR VSDQLD SRG NDĽG\P Z]JOÚGHP RG WHJR MDN VSÚG]DP\ QRF 0DWHUDF ] URSRSRFKRGQH GR ]RVWDă\ SRNU\WH MHVW PLNURELRORJLF]Q\PL
SLDQNL WHUPRHODVW\F]QHM 3ODQW3XU70 ]DVWÇSLRQH QDWXUDOQ\PL ROHMDPL SUR ELRW\F]Q\PL ZDUVWZDPL )UHVKH NWµUH
&RPSRVLWH GDMH JZDUDQFMÚ Z\VSDQLD 7R URĜOLQQ\PL ']LÚNL WHPX MHVW WR PDMÇ ]D ]DGDQLH VNXWHF]QLH ]ZDOF]\É
PDWHUDF GRSDVXMÚ VLÚ GR 7ZRMHJR FLDăD GREU\ PDWHUDF GOD ]GURZLD EDNWHULH JU]\E\ L UR]WRF]D










,QQRZDF\MQH PHWRG\ GRUDG]WZD :\WU]\PDăRĜÉ L JZDUDQFMD 3HUVRQDOL]DFMD ěFLÇJDQ\ WRS

3
6 7ZRMH FLDăR MHVW QLHSRZWDU]DOQH L QLH 3U]\V]\W\ ]DPNLHP Eă\VNU]\V]\W\ ]DPNLHP Eă\VNDZLF]Q\P
7
6NUXSXONUXSXODWQH RUD] U\JRU\VW\F]QH WHVW\
GDMÇ QDP PRĽOLZRĜÉ XG]LHODQLD PRĽQD JR VWDQGDU\]RZDÉ .DĽGD RVRED PDWHUDF QDZLHU]FKQLRZ\ SHăQL IXQNFMÚ
2SDWHQWRZDQH SU]H] QDV VWRLVNR 3ODQW3XU70 SRPDJD Z RIHURZDQLX OHWQLHM JZDUDQFML QD ZNăDG ĜSL LQDF]HM L ZăDĜQLH GODWHJR GDMHP\ &L ZDUVWZ\ NRPIRUWRZHM RUD] RFKURQQHM
Z\ERU]H L NRQVXOWLQJX ] SRWHQFMDOQ\P NOLHQWHP NRPSR]\WRZ\ :NăDG PDWHUDFD ]RVWDă PRĽOLZRĜÉ Z\EUDQLD PDWHUDFD LGHDOQHJR PDWHUDFD 3ODQW3XU70 &RPSRVLWH
SRGGDQ\ EDGDQLX Z\WU]\PDăRĜFLRZHPX GOD &LHELH -DNL Z\EUDÉ PDWHUDF DE\ E\ă =DVWU]HĽRQ\ Z]RUHP SU]HP\VăRZ\P L
Z NWµU\P URORZDQR JR DĽ UD]\ QDMEDUG]LHM NRPIRUWRZ\" 3ODQW3XU70 XĽ\WNRZ\P SR]ZDOD QD ăDWZH SUDQLH Z
֧:LGHR 'RUDGFD֦
֧:LGHR 'RUDGFD֦ VWZDU]D LQWHUDNW\ZQÇ UHODFMÚ SRSU]H] SRăÇF]HQLH 7R GREU\ PDWHUDF QD ODWD &RPSRVLWH ZDUXQNDFK GRPRZ\FK
WUDG\F\MQHJR PRGHOX NRQVXOWLQJX NRPXQLNDFML EH]SRĜUHGQLHM ]
ZLGHR LQWHUDNW\ZQRĜFLÇ VWRLVND GRUDGF]HJR 7R GDMH PRĽOLZRĜÉ
QDZLÇ]DQLD NRQWDNWX KDQGORZHJR SRPLÚG]\ NXSXMÇF\P D GRUDGFÇ )XQNFMRQDOQH XĽ\WNRZDQLH 3U]HP\ĜODQ\ NDĽG\ HOHPHQW


.RPIRUW VQX L XĽ\WNRZDQLD PDWHUDFD MHVW GOD QDV
QDMZDĽQLHMV]\ 3ODQW3XU70 &RPSRVLWH VNăDGD VLÚ ] GZµFK
ZDUVWZ R ăÇF]QHM JUXERĜFL FP ֝ SLHUZV]D WR ED]D
PDWHUDFD GUXJD WR SU]\V]\W\ ]DPNLHP Eă\VNDZLF]Q\P
PDWHUDF QDZLHU]FKQLRZ\

=DVWU]HĽRQ\ Z]RUHP SU]HP\VăRZ\P L XĽ\WNRZ\P
=DVWU]HĽRQ\
SRNURZLHF SR]ZDOD QD ăDWZH SUDQLH Z ZDUXQNDFK
GRPRZ\FK 0DWHUDF ] HNRORJLF]QHM SLDQNL WHUPRHODVW\F]QHM
3ODQW3XU70 GRSDVRZXMH VLÚ GR 7ZRMHJR FLDăD UHGXNXMÇF
QDFLVN L SRZRGXMÇF RGFLÇĽHQLH PLÚĜQL




ղ NRQWDNW#SODQWSXU SO ZZZ SODQWSXU SO

0DWHUDF 3ODQW3XU 1DWXUDO 0DWHUDF 3ODQW3XU /LIH
70
70




0DWHUDFH GR VSDQLD 3ODQW3XU70 1DWXUDO ]RVWDă\ VWZRU]RQH GOD RVµE NWµUH SUHIHUXMÇ NODV\F]QH 0DWHUDF Z\VRNRHODVW\F]Q\ 3ODQW3XU /LIH MHVW PDWHUDFHP FDăNRZLFLH SLDQNRZ\P : RGUµĽQLHQLX RG
PDWHUDFH SLDQNRZH DOH FHQLÇ VRELH HNRORJLÚ NRPIRUW RUD] MDNRĜÉ 1DV]D ZL]MD RSLHUD VLÚ QD QDV]\FK LQQ\FK SURGXNWµZ 3ODQW3XU /LIH QLH ]DZLHUD SLDQNL WHUPRHODVW\F]QHM GRSDVRZXMÇFHM VLÚ GR
GRVWÚSQRĜFL WHFKQRORJLL 3ODQW3XU Z NDĽG\P GRPX ZLÚF GRVWRVRZXMHP\ VLÚ GR SRWU]HE RUD] FLDăD 3LDQND WHUPRHODVW\F]QD ]RVWDăD ]DVWÇSLRQD SLDQNÇ +5 RUD] +' ']LÚNL SRăÇF]HQLX W\FK GZµFK
PRĽOLZRĜFL NDĽGHM URG]LQ\ W\SµZ HNRORJLF]Q\FK SLDQHN GDMHP\ PRĽOLZRĜÉ VWZRU]HQLD PDWHUDFD SRG LQG\ZLGXDOQÇ SRWU]HEÚ
RUD] Z\JRGÚ NOLHQWD 7R ZăDĜQLH 7\ GHF\GXMHV] R WZDUGRĜFL PDWHUDFD GODWHJR PDV] SHZQRĜÉ ĽH WR
*ZDUDQFMD MDNRĜFL GREU\ PDWHUDF GR VSDQLD ZăDĜQLH GOD &LHELH


0DWHUDFHDWHUDFH GR V\SLDOQL V]\MHP\ W\ONR ] WNDQLQ R Z\VRNLHM JUDPDWXU]H QLH]DZLHUDMÇF\FK V\QWHW\F]QHM
0
RZDW\ RUD] SRVLDGDMÇF\FK Z\PDJDQH FHUW\௕NDW\ 1DV]D LGHD RSLHUD VLÚ WDNĽH QD Z\NRU]\VW\ZDQLX ODW JZDUDQFML _ ODWD WHVWµZ _ .RQILJXUDFMD _ Z]RU\ ]DVWU]HĽRQH
VNăDGQLNµZ QDWXUDOQ\FK L HNRORJLF]Q\FK Z QDV]\FK SURGXNWDFK ']LÚNL WHPX JăµZQ\P PDWHULDăHP
] NWµUHJR Z\NRQXMHP\ SRNURZFH MHVW G]LDQLQD FHOXOR]RZD SURGXNRZDQD ] RGSDGµZ GUHZQD
EXNRZHJR


1LH]DZRGQRĜÉ


.
.DĽG\DĽG\ ] QDV VWDUD VLÚ Z\ELHUDÉ SURGXNW\ NWµUH VSURVWDMÇ QDV]\P Z\PDJDQLRP MDNRĜFLRZ\P D
MHGQRF]HĜQLH EÚGÇ WUZDăH L QLH]DZRGQH QLH]DOHĽQLH F]\ Z\ELHU]HV] PDWHUDF GZXRVRERZ\ F]\
MHGQRRVRERZ\ ']LÚNL VNUXSXODWQ\P L ZLHOROHWQLP WHVWRP QD QDV] PDWHUDF GDMHP\ 3DąVWZX ODW
JZDUDQFML


ODW JZDUDQFML _ ODWD WHVWµZ _ SDWHQW\ _ Z]RU\ ]DVWU]HĽRQH







0DWHUDF GR VSDQLD 3ODQW3XU70 1DWXUDO ]RVWDă
]EXGRZDQ\ ] GZµFK URG]DMµZ SLDQHN 3LHUZV]D
ZDUVWZD WR HNRORJLF]QD SLDQND 3ODQW3XU70 +5 ] *UXERĜÉ HNRORJLF]QHJR PDWHUDFD Z\VRNRHODVW\F]QHJR 3ODQW3XU /LIH WR FHQW\PHWUµZ FP
GRGDWNLHP ROHMX NRNRVRZHJR -HVW WR SLDQND NWµUD ZNăDG L PDWHULDă\ WR FP *UXERĜFL ZDUVWZ ZH ZNăDG]LH PDWHUDFD 3ODQW3XU /LIH UµĽQLÇ VLÚ Z
FKDUDNWHU\]XMH VLÚ Z\VRNÇ HODVW\F]QRĜFLÇ RUD] ]DOHĽQRĜFL RG NRQ௕JXUDFML
RGSRUQRĜFLÇ QD RGNV]WDăFHQLD Z\NRQDQD Z
VSHFMDOQHM WHFKQRORJLL ]ZDQHM PROHWNRZDQLHP 3ODQW3XU +570
G]LÚNL]HPX QD SRZLHU]FKQL SLDQNL SRMDZLDMÇ VLÚ
G]LÚNL F 3LDQND Z\VRNRHODVW\F]QD ]DZLHUDMÇFD ROHM NRNRVRZ\ 7R URG]DM SLDQNL SROLXUHWDQRZHM R ]ZLÚNV]RQHM
UµZQRPLHUQH ZJăÚELHQLD NWµUH JZDUDQWXMÇ VSUÚĽ\VWRĜFL L Z\WU]\PDăRĜFL *UXERĜÉ FP GOD + + FP GOD + + RUD] FP GOD + +
SUDZLGăRZH XăRĽHQLH FLDăD SRGF]DV VQX RUD]
3ODQW3XU +'70
SRSUDZLDMÇ NUÇĽHQLH NUZL
3LDQND SROLXUHWDQRZ ] GRGDWNLHP ROHMX NRNRVRZHJR R ]ZLÚNV]RQHM JÚVWRĜFL NJ P
3RQDGWR SRZLHU]FKQLD PROHWNRZDQD PRĽH E\É &KDUDNWHU\]XMH VLÚ RGSRUQRĜFLÇ QD RGNV]WDăFHQLD RUD] ZLHOROHWQLÇ Ľ\ZRWQRĜFLÇ *UXERĜÉ FP GOD
VWRVRZDQD Z SUR௕ODNW\FH SU]HFLZRGOHĽ\QRZHM D + + FP GOD + + RUD] FP GOD + +
WDNĽH GR VDPHJR OHF]HQLD RGOHĽ\Q 'UXJÇ ZDUVWZÚ
']LÚNL
VWDQRZL SLDQND 3ODQW3XU70 9LVFR ]DZLHUDMÇFD GR ']LÚNL SRăÇF]HQLX GZµFK XQLNDWRZ\FK SLDQHN +' SLDQND R ]ZLÚNV]RQHM JÚVWRĜFL NJ P ] +5
ROHMµZ URĜOLQQ\FK G]LÚNL NWµUHM PDWHUDF MHVW Z\VRNRHODVW\F]QD SLDQND NJ P MHVWHĜP\ Z VWDQLH Z\SURGXNRZDÉ PDWHUDF Z\VRNRHODVW\F]Q\
Z\JRGQ\ L NRPIRUWRZ\ NWµU\ VSURVWD 7ZRLP Z\PDJDQLRP 3ODQW3XU /LIH WR UHZROXF\MQLH WDQL PDWHUDF ]EXGRZDQ\ ]
Z\VRNLHM MDNRĜFL PDWHULDăµZ VSHFMDOQLH GOD 7ZRLFK SRWU]HE




ղ NRQWDNW#SODQWSXU SO ZZZ SODQWSXU SO

0DWHUDF 3ODQW3XU 1DWXUDO 0DWHUDF 3ODQW3XU /LIH
70
70




0DWHUDFH GR VSDQLD 3ODQW3XU70 1DWXUDO ]RVWDă\ VWZRU]RQH GOD RVµE NWµUH SUHIHUXMÇ NODV\F]QH 0DWHUDF Z\VRNRHODVW\F]Q\ 3ODQW3XU /LIH MHVW PDWHUDFHP FDăNRZLFLH SLDQNRZ\P : RGUµĽQLHQLX RG
PDWHUDFH SLDQNRZH DOH FHQLÇ VRELH HNRORJLÚ NRPIRUW RUD] MDNRĜÉ 1DV]D ZL]MD RSLHUD VLÚ QD QDV]\FK LQQ\FK SURGXNWµZ 3ODQW3XU /LIH QLH ]DZLHUD SLDQNL WHUPRHODVW\F]QHM GRSDVRZXMÇFHM VLÚ GR
GRVWÚSQRĜFL WHFKQRORJLL 3ODQW3XU Z NDĽG\P GRPX ZLÚF GRVWRVRZXMHP\ VLÚ GR SRWU]HE RUD] FLDăD 3LDQND WHUPRHODVW\F]QD ]RVWDăD ]DVWÇSLRQD SLDQNÇ +5 RUD] +' ']LÚNL SRăÇF]HQLX W\FK GZµFK
PRĽOLZRĜFL NDĽGHM URG]LQ\ W\SµZ HNRORJLF]Q\FK SLDQHN GDMHP\ PRĽOLZRĜÉ VWZRU]HQLD PDWHUDFD SRG LQG\ZLGXDOQÇ SRWU]HEÚ
RUD] Z\JRGÚ NOLHQWD 7R ZăDĜQLH 7\ GHF\GXMHV] R WZDUGRĜFL PDWHUDFD GODWHJR PDV] SHZQRĜÉ ĽH WR
*ZDUDQFMD MDNRĜFL GREU\ PDWHUDF GR VSDQLD ZăDĜQLH GOD &LHELH


0DWHUDFHDWHUDFH GR V\SLDOQL V]\MHP\ W\ONR ] WNDQLQ R Z\VRNLHM JUDPDWXU]H QLH]DZLHUDMÇF\FK V\QWHW\F]QHM
0
RZDW\ RUD] SRVLDGDMÇF\FK Z\PDJDQH FHUW\௕NDW\ 1DV]D LGHD RSLHUD VLÚ WDNĽH QD Z\NRU]\VW\ZDQLX ODW JZDUDQFML _ ODWD WHVWµZ _ .RQILJXUDFMD _ Z]RU\ ]DVWU]HĽRQH
VNăDGQLNµZ QDWXUDOQ\FK L HNRORJLF]Q\FK Z QDV]\FK SURGXNWDFK ']LÚNL WHPX JăµZQ\P PDWHULDăHP
] NWµUHJR Z\NRQXMHP\ SRNURZFH MHVW G]LDQLQD FHOXOR]RZD SURGXNRZDQD ] RGSDGµZ GUHZQD
EXNRZHJR


1LH]DZRGQRĜÉ


.
.DĽG\DĽG\ ] QDV VWDUD VLÚ Z\ELHUDÉ SURGXNW\ NWµUH VSURVWDMÇ QDV]\P Z\PDJDQLRP MDNRĜFLRZ\P D
MHGQRF]HĜQLH EÚGÇ WUZDăH L QLH]DZRGQH QLH]DOHĽQLH F]\ Z\ELHU]HV] PDWHUDF GZXRVRERZ\ F]\
MHGQRRVRERZ\ ']LÚNL VNUXSXODWQ\P L ZLHOROHWQLP WHVWRP QD QDV] PDWHUDF GDMHP\ 3DąVWZX ODW
JZDUDQFML


ODW JZDUDQFML _ ODWD WHVWµZ _ SDWHQW\ _ Z]RU\ ]DVWU]HĽRQH







0DWHUDF GR VSDQLD 3ODQW3XU70 1DWXUDO ]RVWDă
]EXGRZDQ\ ] GZµFK URG]DMµZ SLDQHN 3LHUZV]D
ZDUVWZD WR HNRORJLF]QD SLDQND 3ODQW3XU70 +5 ] *UXERĜÉ HNRORJLF]QHJR PDWHUDFD Z\VRNRHODVW\F]QHJR 3ODQW3XU /LIH WR FHQW\PHWUµZ FP
GRGDWNLHP ROHMX NRNRVRZHJR -HVW WR SLDQND NWµUD ZNăDG L PDWHULDă\ WR FP *UXERĜFL ZDUVWZ ZH ZNăDG]LH PDWHUDFD 3ODQW3XU /LIH UµĽQLÇ VLÚ Z
FKDUDNWHU\]XMH VLÚ Z\VRNÇ HODVW\F]QRĜFLÇ RUD] ]DOHĽQRĜFL RG NRQ௕JXUDFML
RGSRUQRĜFLÇ QD RGNV]WDăFHQLD Z\NRQDQD Z
VSHFMDOQHM WHFKQRORJLL ]ZDQHM PROHWNRZDQLHP 3ODQW3XU +570
G]LÚNL]HPX QD SRZLHU]FKQL SLDQNL SRMDZLDMÇ VLÚ
G]LÚNL F 3LDQND Z\VRNRHODVW\F]QD ]DZLHUDMÇFD ROHM NRNRVRZ\ 7R URG]DM SLDQNL SROLXUHWDQRZHM R ]ZLÚNV]RQHM
UµZQRPLHUQH ZJăÚELHQLD NWµUH JZDUDQWXMÇ VSUÚĽ\VWRĜFL L Z\WU]\PDăRĜFL *UXERĜÉ FP GOD + + FP GOD + + RUD] FP GOD + +
SUDZLGăRZH XăRĽHQLH FLDăD SRGF]DV VQX RUD]
3ODQW3XU +'70
SRSUDZLDMÇ NUÇĽHQLH NUZL
3LDQND SROLXUHWDQRZ ] GRGDWNLHP ROHMX NRNRVRZHJR R ]ZLÚNV]RQHM JÚVWRĜFL NJ P
3RQDGWR SRZLHU]FKQLD PROHWNRZDQD PRĽH E\É &KDUDNWHU\]XMH VLÚ RGSRUQRĜFLÇ QD RGNV]WDăFHQLD RUD] ZLHOROHWQLÇ Ľ\ZRWQRĜFLÇ *UXERĜÉ FP GOD
VWRVRZDQD Z SUR௕ODNW\FH SU]HFLZRGOHĽ\QRZHM D + + FP GOD + + RUD] FP GOD + +
WDNĽH GR VDPHJR OHF]HQLD RGOHĽ\Q 'UXJÇ ZDUVWZÚ
']LÚNL
VWDQRZL SLDQND 3ODQW3XU70 9LVFR ]DZLHUDMÇFD GR ']LÚNL SRăÇF]HQLX GZµFK XQLNDWRZ\FK SLDQHN +' SLDQND R ]ZLÚNV]RQHM JÚVWRĜFL NJ P ] +5
ROHMµZ URĜOLQQ\FK G]LÚNL NWµUHM PDWHUDF MHVW Z\VRNRHODVW\F]QD SLDQND NJ P MHVWHĜP\ Z VWDQLH Z\SURGXNRZDÉ PDWHUDF Z\VRNRHODVW\F]Q\
Z\JRGQ\ L NRPIRUWRZ\ NWµU\ VSURVWD 7ZRLP Z\PDJDQLRP 3ODQW3XU /LIH WR UHZROXF\MQLH WDQL PDWHUDF ]EXGRZDQ\ ]
Z\VRNLHM MDNRĜFL PDWHULDăµZ VSHFMDOQLH GOD 7ZRLFK SRWU]HE




ղ NRQWDNW#SODQWSXU SO ZZZ SODQWSXU SO

ěSLÇF VSÚG]DP\ Ľ\FLD GODWHJR PDWHUDF MHVW ZDĽQ\


0DWHUDF UHKDELOLWDF\MQ\ 3ODQW3XU WR JZDUDQFMD ]GURZHJR VQX




















































0DV] S\WDQLD"




'RUDGFD 3ODQW3XU MHVW GR 7ZRMHM G\VSR]\FML


OXE NRQWDNW#SODQWSXU SO 8QLNDWRZD URG]LQD


PDWHUDF\ HNRORJLF]Q\FK




3ODQWSXU
XO *OLQLDQD
2OHĜQLFD ZZZ SODQWSXU SO
3ROVND


Click to View FlipBook Version
Previous Book
Untitled
Next Book
BUKU TEKS KKQ TINGKATAN 2