The words you are searching are inside this book. To get more targeted content, please make full-text search by clicking here.
Discover the best professional documents and content resources in AnyFlip Document Base.
Search
Published by B&R, 2017-08-16 09:11:56

MP muzeum witrazu_Flat

=DSUDV]D QD


]DMĊFLD


GOD G]LHFL




L PáRG]LHĪ\





3UDFRZQLD L 0X]HXP :LWUDŧX
NRQW\QXXMH WUDG\FMH .UDNRZVNLHJR =DNãDGX :LWUDŧyZ 6 * ŦHOHĸVNL
SHUã\ PãRGRSROVNLHJR G]LHG]LFWZD DUW\VW\F]QHJR
-HVW WR QDMVWDUV]H QLHSU]HUZDQLH G]LDãDMćFH WHJR W\SX PLHMVFH Z 3ROVFH
D SRQDGWR ZFLćŧ PLHŋFL VLĕ Z W\P VDP\P EXG\QNX ]EXGRZDQ\P
VSHFMDOQLH QD SRWU]HE\ =DNãDGX Z URNX

3UDFRZQLD L 0X]HXP :LWUDŧX
NRQW\QXXMH WUDG\FMH .UDNRZVNLHJR =DNãDGX :LWUDŧyZ 6 * ŦHOHĸVNL
SHUã\ PãRGRSROVNLHJR G]LHG]LFWZD DUW\VW\F]QHJR
-HVW WR QDMVWDUV]H QLHSU]HUZDQLH G]LDãDMćFH WHJR W\SX PLHMVFH Z 3ROVFH
D SRQDGWR ZFLćŧ PLHŋFL VLĕ Z W\P VDP\P EXG\QNX ]EXGRZDQ\P
VSHFMDOQLH QD SRWU]HE\ =DNãDGX Z URNX





































:<.É$'=,1< 2%,(.72:( 3&9

'<:$12:( Ï&,(11( , 3$1(/(





3 8 + 'LDPSRO 5RPDQ 5HGLJHU RIHUXMH SURIHVMRQDOQ\ PRQWD× Z\NÊDG]LQ RELHNWRZ\FK SRGÊRJRZ\FK
L ÐFLHQQ\FK 2G URNX XNÊDGDP\ HODVW\F]QH Z\NÊDG]LQ\ 3&9 Z\NÊDG]LQ\ G\ZDQRZH SDQHOH
ZLQ\ORZH SÊ\WNL G\ZDQRZH L Z\NÊDG]LQ\ ÐFLHQQH 3&9 Z V]SLWDODFK V]NRÊDFK SU]HGV]NRODFK ELXUDFK
KRWHODFK L LQQ\FK EXG\QNDFK X×\WHF]QRÐFL SXEOLF]QHM RUD] Z EXG\QNDFK PLHV]NDOQ\FK 2EV]DU QDV]HM
G]LDÊDOQRÐFL WR JʵZQLH ZRMHZµG]WZR SRPRUVNLH *GDÌVN *G\QLD 7UµMPLDVWR



























1DV]H XPLHMÇWQRÐFL VÃ SRGSDUWH ZLHOROHWQLP GRÐZLDGF]HQLHP ]GRE\ZDQ\P QLHPDO×H RG VDPHJR
SRF]ÃWNX LVWQLHQLD WHM EUDQ×\ L SRÐZLDGF]RQH SU]H] FHUW\ĆNDW\ LQVWDODWRUD RUD] UHIHUHQFMH : VZRMHM
RIHUFLH Z\NRQXMHP\ SUDFH ] ZV]HONLHJR URG]DMX Z\NÊDG]LQ L FKHPLL EXGRZODQHM P LQ WDNLFK ĆUP MDN
7$5.(77 *$05$7 *(5)/25 32/<)/25 /(17(; %$/6$1 %$/7$ ,7& /$12 8=,1 085(;,1
:(%(5 )25%2 2IHURZDQH PDWHULDÊ\ SRVLDGDMÃ DWHVW\ RUD] QLH]EÇGQH FHUW\ĆNDW\ L NODV\ĆNDFMH
RJQLRZH : F]DVLH SURZDG]HQLD QDV]HM G]LDÊDOQRÐFL XÊR×\OLÐP\ G]LHVLÃWNL W\VLÇF\ PHWUµZ NZDGUDWRZ\FK
Z\NÊDG]LQ 3&9 G\ZDQRZ\FK ÐFLHQQ\FK L VSRUWRZ\FK














::: ',$032/ 3/




3 8 + ',$032/ 520$1 5(',*(5 ÖXNRZR
XO )HQLNRZVNLHJR ZRM SRPRUVNLH
7HO

VSUDZ E\ 7ZRMD SRGÊRJD E\ÊD SLÇNQD





























































































3 8 + ',$032/ 520$1 5(',*(5 ÖXNRZR

XO )HQLNRZVNLHJR ZRM SRPRUVNLH 7HO

),50$ ì',$032/ë =$-08-( 6,Æ







ï GRUDG]WZHP WHFKQLF]Q\P GRW\F]ÃF\P SRGÊR×\ L SRVDG]HN ï GRUDG]WZHP Z SURMHNWRZDQLX GREµU
SURGXNWµZ NRORU\VW\ND ï GRVWDZà PDWHULDʵZ SRGVWDZRZ\FK L SRPRFQLF]\FK QLH]EÇGQ\FK GR Z\NRQDQLD
ND×GHM ] QL×HM Z\PLHQLRQ\FK SRVDG]HN ï Z\JÊDG]DQLHP SRGÊR×\ SRG ZDUVWZ\ ZLHU]FKQLH ] Z\NÊDG]LQ
Z\OHZNL VDPRSR]LRPXMÃFH ï LQVWDODFMÃ Z\NÊDG]LQ 3&9 WHUPR]JU]HZDOQ\FK ï LQVWDODFMÃ Z\NÊDG]LQ
G\ZDQRZ\FK SÊ\WHN G\ZDQRZ\FK ï LQVWDODFMÃ RNÊDG]LQ ÐFLHQQ\FK ï F]\V]F]HQLHP L NRQVHUZDFMÃ
DU\ORZDQLHP SRVDG]HN 3&9 ï XNÊDGDQLHP SDQHOL SRGÊRJRZ\FK

























2IHUXMHP\ NRPSOHNVRZH Z\NRQDZVWZR SRVDG]HN GOD


ï 6]NµÊ ï 6]SLWDOL ï 'RPµZ 3RPRF\ 6SRÊHF]QHM ï 3U]HGV]NROL ï 2ELHNWµZ KDQGORZ\FK ï 2ELHNWµZ
VSRUWRZ\FK ï 2ELHNWµZ SU]HP\VÊRZ\FK ï 2ELHNWµZ X×\WHF]QRÐFL SXEOLF]QHM ELXU EDQNµZ KRWHOL LWS
ï 'RPµZ MHGQR L ZLHORURG]LQQ\FK

]REDF] QDV]H UHDOL]DFMH





























































































3 8 + ',$032/ 520$1 5(',*(5 ÖXNRZR

XO )HQLNRZVNLHJR ZRM SRPRUVNLH 7HO

+SP&S\ 1 \


&3-7/3 13&-02) (0% (>-)'- 3 ;=1 1 < 1




&SMWOE QSFMPRI M WXEGNSREVRI HPE TV^IHW^OSPM M W^O·ă




+SP&S\ 1 \ &%1&-2-



&3-7/3 13&-02) (0% 46>)(7>/30%/—; 3 ;=1 < 1



+SP&S\ 1 \ &%1&-2- NIWX XS FSMWOS QSFMPRI
+SP&S\ 1 [ [IVWNM FI^ FERH [ QMINWGI OX¶V]GL
^EQSRXS[ERI ^SWXEĂ] WMEXOM WTIĂRMENÈGI JYROGNÜ +SP&S\ 1 XS FSMWOE QSFMPRI TV^IRSęRI TV^I^REG^SRI HPE H^MIGM [ [MIOY PEX +SP&S\ 1 \ NIWX FSMWOMIQ
TMĂOSĂETY 7]WXIQ TVSŶPM EPYQMRMS[]GL WMEXIO QSFMPR]Q ^ETVSNIOXS[ER]Q HS Yĺ]XOS[ERME TV^I^ H^MIGM [ [MIOY PEX .IWX XS W]WXIQ FERH M TVSŶPM
TSPMTVST]PIRS[]GL SVE^ KYQS[]GL SFGMÈĺRMO¶[ EPYQMRMS[]GL X[SV^ÈG]GL TVSWXÈ OSRWXVYOGNÜ K[EVERXYNÈGÈ W^]FOM M FI^TMIG^R] QSRXEĺ M HIQSRXEĺ QE\
X[SV^] TVSWXÈ OSRWXVYOGNÜ K[EVERXYNÈGÈ W^]FOM M QMRYX +SP&S\ 1 [ OV¶XOMQ G^EWMI TV^IOW^XEĂGM ^[]OĂÈ TS[MIV^GLRMÜ [ FSMWOS WTSVXS[I 1SFMPRI FSMWOE +SP&S\
FI^TMIG^R] QSRXEĺ M HIQSRXEĺ +SP&S\ 1 \ 1 [ HPE H^MIGM YQSĺPM[MENÈ TVS[EH^IRMI ^ENÜÊ SK¶PRSVS^[SNS[]GL [ STEVGMY RMI X]POS S IPIQIRX] TMĂOM RSĺRIN
&%1&-2-%1&-2- [ OV¶XOMQ G^EWMI TV^IOW^XEĂGM TS[MIV
& EPI XEOĺI OSW^]O¶[OM YRMLSOINE QMRM XIRMWE MXT
^GLRMÜ OSVXY WEPM KMQREWX]G^RIN G^] FSMWOE [
[]H^MIPSRI QMRM FSMWOS YĂEX[MENÈGI TVS[EH^IRMI
^ENÜÊ WTSVXS[]GL ^ TV^IHW^OSPEOEQM [ JSVQMI +SP&S\ 7 &%1&-2- \
^EFE[] ^ TMĂOEQM

&3-7/3 78%'.32%62) (0% (>-)'- 3 ;=1 < 1
+SP&S\ 1 \ &%1&-2- 4PYW




&3-7/3 13&-02) (0% 46>)(7>/30%/—; 3 ;=1 < 1


+SP&S\ 1 \ &%1&-2- 4PYW NIWX XS FSMWOS QS
FMPRI +SP&S\ 1 [ [IVWNM ^ FERHEQM X]POS TV^]
FVEQOEGL RE SFY OV¶XW^]GL FSOEGL FSMWOE 2E
HĂYĺW^]GL FSOEGL FSMWOE FERH] RMI []WXÜTYNÈ E [
MGL QMINWGI ^EQSRXS[ERI ^SWXEĂ] WMEXOM WTIĂRMENÈGI
JYROGNÜ TMĂOSĂETY 7]WXIQ TVSŶPM EPYQMRMS[]GL
WMEXIO TSPMTVST]PIRS[]GL SVE^ KYQS[]GL SF
GMÈĺRMO¶[ X[SV^] TVSWXÈ OSRWXVYOGNÜ K[EVERXYNÈGÈ
W^]FOM M FI^TMIG^R] QSRXEĺ M HIQSRXEĺ +SP&S\ 1 +SP&S\ 7 &%1&-2- XS FSMWOE WXEGNSREVRI +SP&S\ 7 [ [IVWNM HPE H^MIGM [ [MIOY TV^IHW^OSPR]Q M
\ &%1&-2- 4PYW [ OV¶XOMQ G^EWMI TV^IOW^XEĂGM [G^IWRSW^OSPRR]Q &SMWOE +SP&S\ 7 &%1&-2- WÈ MHIEPR]Q SFMIOXIQ WTSVXS[S VIOVIEG]NR]Q HS
TS[MIV^GLRMÜ OSVXY WEPM KMQREWX]G^RIN G^] FSMWOE ^EQSRXS[ERME RE XIVIRMI TV^IHW^OSPM M W^O¶Ă TSHWXE[S[]GL SVE^ NEOS Y^YTIĂRMIRMI TPEG¶[ ^EFE[ RE
[ []H^MIPSRI QMRM FSMWOS YĂEX[MENÈGI TVS[EH^IRMI SWMIHPEGL [ TEVOEGL RE XIVIREGL VIOVIEG]NR]GL SVE^ [ SęVSHOEGL []TSG^]ROS[]GL
^ENÜÊ WTSVXS[]GL ^ TV^IHW^OSPEOEQM [ JSVQMI
^EFE[] ^ TMĂOEQM



7OSRXEOXYN WMÜ ^ REQM
)2)6+= 4%682)6 &SKHER +VEPE
6S^ĂSKM Ę[MIFSH^MR
) QEMP WOPIT$KSPFS\ TP [[[ KSPFS\ TP

+SP&S\ 1 \


&3-7/3 13&-02) (0% (>-)'- 3 ;=1 1 < 1




&SMWOE QSFMPRI M WXEGNSREVRI HPE TV^IHW^OSPM M W^O·ă




+SP&S\ 1 \ &%1&-2-



&3-7/3 13&-02) (0% 46>)(7>/30%/—; 3 ;=1 < 1



+SP&S\ 1 \ &%1&-2- NIWX XS FSMWOS QSFMPRI
+SP&S\ 1 [ [IVWNM FI^ FERH [ QMINWGI OX¶V]GL
^EQSRXS[ERI ^SWXEĂ] WMEXOM WTIĂRMENÈGI JYROGNÜ +SP&S\ 1 XS FSMWOE QSFMPRI TV^IRSęRI TV^I^REG^SRI HPE H^MIGM [ [MIOY PEX +SP&S\ 1 \ NIWX FSMWOMIQ
TMĂOSĂETY 7]WXIQ TVSŶPM EPYQMRMS[]GL WMEXIO QSFMPR]Q ^ETVSNIOXS[ER]Q HS Yĺ]XOS[ERME TV^I^ H^MIGM [ [MIOY PEX .IWX XS W]WXIQ FERH M TVSŶPM
TSPMTVST]PIRS[]GL SVE^ KYQS[]GL SFGMÈĺRMO¶[ EPYQMRMS[]GL X[SV^ÈG]GL TVSWXÈ OSRWXVYOGNÜ K[EVERXYNÈGÈ W^]FOM M FI^TMIG^R] QSRXEĺ M HIQSRXEĺ QE\
X[SV^] TVSWXÈ OSRWXVYOGNÜ K[EVERXYNÈGÈ W^]FOM M QMRYX +SP&S\ 1 [ OV¶XOMQ G^EWMI TV^IOW^XEĂGM ^[]OĂÈ TS[MIV^GLRMÜ [ FSMWOS WTSVXS[I 1SFMPRI FSMWOE +SP&S\
FI^TMIG^R] QSRXEĺ M HIQSRXEĺ +SP&S\ 1 \ 1 [ HPE H^MIGM YQSĺPM[MENÈ TVS[EH^IRMI ^ENÜÊ SK¶PRSVS^[SNS[]GL [ STEVGMY RMI X]POS S IPIQIRX] TMĂOM RSĺRIN
&%1&-2-%1&-2- [ OV¶XOMQ G^EWMI TV^IOW^XEĂGM TS[MIV
& EPI XEOĺI OSW^]O¶[OM YRMLSOINE QMRM XIRMWE MXT
^GLRMÜ OSVXY WEPM KMQREWX]G^RIN G^] FSMWOE [
[]H^MIPSRI QMRM FSMWOS YĂEX[MENÈGI TVS[EH^IRMI
^ENÜÊ WTSVXS[]GL ^ TV^IHW^OSPEOEQM [ JSVQMI +SP&S\ 7 &%1&-2- \
^EFE[] ^ TMĂOEQM

&3-7/3 78%'.32%62) (0% (>-)'- 3 ;=1 < 1
+SP&S\ 1 \ &%1&-2- 4PYW




&3-7/3 13&-02) (0% 46>)(7>/30%/—; 3 ;=1 < 1


+SP&S\ 1 \ &%1&-2- 4PYW NIWX XS FSMWOS QS
FMPRI +SP&S\ 1 [ [IVWNM ^ FERHEQM X]POS TV^]
FVEQOEGL RE SFY OV¶XW^]GL FSOEGL FSMWOE 2E
HĂYĺW^]GL FSOEGL FSMWOE FERH] RMI []WXÜTYNÈ E [
MGL QMINWGI ^EQSRXS[ERI ^SWXEĂ] WMEXOM WTIĂRMENÈGI
JYROGNÜ TMĂOSĂETY 7]WXIQ TVSŶPM EPYQMRMS[]GL
WMEXIO TSPMTVST]PIRS[]GL SVE^ KYQS[]GL SF
GMÈĺRMO¶[ X[SV^] TVSWXÈ OSRWXVYOGNÜ K[EVERXYNÈGÈ
W^]FOM M FI^TMIG^R] QSRXEĺ M HIQSRXEĺ +SP&S\ 1 +SP&S\ 7 &%1&-2- XS FSMWOE WXEGNSREVRI +SP&S\ 7 [ [IVWNM HPE H^MIGM [ [MIOY TV^IHW^OSPR]Q M
\ &%1&-2- 4PYW [ OV¶XOMQ G^EWMI TV^IOW^XEĂGM [G^IWRSW^OSPRR]Q &SMWOE +SP&S\ 7 &%1&-2- WÈ MHIEPR]Q SFMIOXIQ WTSVXS[S VIOVIEG]NR]Q HS
TS[MIV^GLRMÜ OSVXY WEPM KMQREWX]G^RIN G^] FSMWOE ^EQSRXS[ERME RE XIVIRMI TV^IHW^OSPM M W^O¶Ă TSHWXE[S[]GL SVE^ NEOS Y^YTIĂRMIRMI TPEG¶[ ^EFE[ RE
[ []H^MIPSRI QMRM FSMWOS YĂEX[MENÈGI TVS[EH^IRMI SWMIHPEGL [ TEVOEGL RE XIVIREGL VIOVIEG]NR]GL SVE^ [ SęVSHOEGL []TSG^]ROS[]GL
^ENÜÊ WTSVXS[]GL ^ TV^IHW^OSPEOEQM [ JSVQMI
^EFE[] ^ TMĂOEQM



7OSRXEOXYN WMÜ ^ REQM
)2)6+= 4%682)6 &SKHER +VEPE
6S^ĂSKM Ę[MIFSH^MR
) QEMP WOPIT$KSPFS\ TP [[[ KSPFS\ TP

3°ñē Ñ ñÝ°ã÷ĖÄȤ ÜüèôÄ ñçüôĖÄ»þÛļÑÄȩ



4ÑÄÜüèôÄ ã°÷ĖÄ ñôçÀþÜüē ñç÷Ñ°À°Û· ¼ÄôüēķÜ°ü øôçÀÜèđ ÀēÀ°Üüē¼Ėãē¼Ð Ė°Ýļ°ãē¼Ð Àç þęēüÜþ ÷ĖÜçÝãÄÎçȩ ã°À°ãē ñôĖÄĖ 3ÑãÑ÷üô° ÀþÜ°¼ÛÑ 4°ôçÀçđÄÛ Ñ HñçôüþȮ





B. 4H]



XēÀ°đãѼüđ° HL# . NE8 EL á·¼Ė·¼ üô°Àē¼ēÛãÄ Ñ ãçđç¼ĖÄ÷ãÄ ñçâç¼Ä
ÀēÀ°Üüē¼ĖãÄ Àç đ÷ñÑÄô°ãÑ° Ñããçđ°¼ēÛãē¼Ð Íçôâ Ü÷Ėü°á¼ÄãÑ° çÍÄôþÛÄ ñçã°À Ƶƴƴ
üēüþáèđ ñÝ°ã÷Ė ÄÀþÜ°¼ēÛãē¼Ð Ɏ ø¼ÑÄããē¼Ðȩ çΰüÄ đ üôÄø¼ÑȤ ç»ô°ĖēȤ đēÜôÄ÷ēȤ
÷¼ÐÄâ°üēȤ ½đѼĖÄãÑ° Ñ ÑãÍçôâ°¼ÛÄ ñÝ°ã÷ĖÄ ÷· ¼Äããēâ ėôèÀáÄâ đÑÄÀĖē ÀÝ°
þ¼ĖãÑèđ ÷ĖÜèá ñçÀ÷ü°đçđē¼ÐȤ ÎÑâã°ĖÛèđ Ñ ÷ĖÜèá øôÄÀãѼÐȩ




3 BZ H]-8.4




XēÀ°đãѼüđ° HL# . NE8 EL đ ÷đçÛÄÛ çÍÄô¼ÑÄ
ñôçñçãþÛÄ ñçã°À ƽƴ üēüþáèđ â°ñ đ üēâ ÀĖÑ°á ÷ĖÜçÝãē
Ė â°ñ°âÑ ķĖē¼ĖãēâÑȤ ñçÝÑüē¼ĖãēâÑȣ IđÑ°ü°Ȥ þôçñēȤ
ÜçãüēãÄãüèđȤ ñ°ä÷üđ çô°Ė â°ñē ÀÝ° ķôâȣ ÀôçÎçđÄȤ
ÜçÀçđÄȤ çôΰãÑĖ°¼ēÛãÄȤ ñ°ãçô°âѼĖãÄ Ñ ÷°üÄÝÑü°ôãÄȩ




B838 BE] H]-8.4



4çđç¼ĖÄ÷ãÄ ¼ēÍôçđÄ ÑãüÄô°ÜüēđãÄ ã°ôĖÌÀĖÑ° Àç ã°þ¼Ė°ãÑ° ÀĖÑÄ¼Ñ đ đÑÄÜþ ñôĖÄÀ÷ĖÜçÝãēâ Ñ ÷ĖÜçÝãēâȤ ñôçÎô°âē
ÑãüÄô°ÜüēđãÄȤ ñÝ°ã÷ĖÄ Àç ÎÑÄô Ñ Ė°»°đȤ ÜÝç¼ÜÑ BçÝēÀôçãȤ çô°Ė üô°Àē¼ēÛãÄ ñÝ°ã÷ĖÄ ø¼ÑÄããÄ Üçã¼ÄãüôþÛ· ÷ÑÌ ã°
đ÷ĖļÐ÷üôçããēâ ôçĖđçÛþ ç÷ç»çđçø¼Ñ ÀĖÑļܰȩ HüēâþÝþÛ· çãÄ ÝçÎѼĖãÄ âēøÝÄãÑÄȤ þâÑÄÛÌüãçø¼Ñ ÜçâþãÑÜ°¼ēÛãÄȤ
ñç÷üôĖÄΰãÑÄ çôÑÄãü°¼ÛÑ ñôĖÄ÷üôĖÄããÄÛ çô°Ė ôçĖđèÛ þâÑÄÛÌüãçø¼Ñ âçüçôē¼Ėãē¼Ðȩ X÷Ėē÷üÜÑÄ ñçâç¼Ä ÀēÀ°Üüē¼ĖãÄ
ñôçâçđ°ãÑ° ÄÀþÜ°¼ÛÑ Ñ þ¼ĖÄãÑ° ÷ÑÌ ñôĖÄĖ Ė°»°đÌ ÷· ĖÎçÀãÄ Ė ãçôâ°âÑ »ÄĖñÑļĖÄä÷üđ° NãÑÑ þôçñÄÛ÷ÜÑÄÛȩ




48X8I
3°ñ° øđÑ°ü° ÀÝ° ÀĖÑļÑ













HL# . NE8 EL -ôē÷üÑ°ã -çâ°ãÀÄô
8Àôçđ·ę þÝȩ XÑÄÛ÷Ü° Ƶƻ Ȥ ƸƻɎƷƵƺ èô°ęÀęÄ
üÄÝȩȣ ʖƸƼ ƻƻ Ƹƺƻƻ ƷƼƼȤ âç»ÑÝȣ ʖƸƼ ƹƴƶ ƹƶƸ ƺƼƽ
đđđȮâ°ñē÷ĖÜçÝãÄȮñÝ

3°ñē Ñ ñÝ°ã÷ĖÄȤ ÜüèôÄ ñçüôĖÄ»þÛļÑÄȩ



4ÑÄÜüèôÄ ã°÷ĖÄ ñôçÀþÜüē ñç÷Ñ°À°Û· ¼ÄôüēķÜ°ü øôçÀÜèđ ÀēÀ°Üüē¼Ėãē¼Ð Ė°Ýļ°ãē¼Ð Àç þęēüÜþ ÷ĖÜçÝãÄÎçȩ ã°À°ãē ñôĖÄĖ 3ÑãÑ÷üô° ÀþÜ°¼ÛÑ 4°ôçÀçđÄÛ Ñ HñçôüþȮ





B. 4H]



XēÀ°đãѼüđ° HL# . NE8 EL á·¼Ė·¼ üô°Àē¼ēÛãÄ Ñ ãçđç¼ĖÄ÷ãÄ ñçâç¼Ä
ÀēÀ°Üüē¼ĖãÄ Àç đ÷ñÑÄô°ãÑ° Ñããçđ°¼ēÛãē¼Ð Íçôâ Ü÷Ėü°á¼ÄãÑ° çÍÄôþÛÄ ñçã°À Ƶƴƴ
üēüþáèđ ñÝ°ã÷Ė ÄÀþÜ°¼ēÛãē¼Ð Ɏ ø¼ÑÄããē¼Ðȩ çΰüÄ đ üôÄø¼ÑȤ ç»ô°ĖēȤ đēÜôÄ÷ēȤ
÷¼ÐÄâ°üēȤ ½đѼĖÄãÑ° Ñ ÑãÍçôâ°¼ÛÄ ñÝ°ã÷ĖÄ ÷· ¼Äããēâ ėôèÀáÄâ đÑÄÀĖē ÀÝ°
þ¼ĖãÑèđ ÷ĖÜèá ñçÀ÷ü°đçđē¼ÐȤ ÎÑâã°ĖÛèđ Ñ ÷ĖÜèá øôÄÀãѼÐȩ




3 BZ H]-8.4




XēÀ°đãѼüđ° HL# . NE8 EL đ ÷đçÛÄÛ çÍÄô¼ÑÄ
ñôçñçãþÛÄ ñçã°À ƽƴ üēüþáèđ â°ñ đ üēâ ÀĖÑ°á ÷ĖÜçÝãē
Ė â°ñ°âÑ ķĖē¼ĖãēâÑȤ ñçÝÑüē¼ĖãēâÑȣ IđÑ°ü°Ȥ þôçñēȤ
ÜçãüēãÄãüèđȤ ñ°ä÷üđ çô°Ė â°ñē ÀÝ° ķôâȣ ÀôçÎçđÄȤ
ÜçÀçđÄȤ çôΰãÑĖ°¼ēÛãÄȤ ñ°ãçô°âѼĖãÄ Ñ ÷°üÄÝÑü°ôãÄȩ




B838 BE] H]-8.4



4çđç¼ĖÄ÷ãÄ ¼ēÍôçđÄ ÑãüÄô°ÜüēđãÄ ã°ôĖÌÀĖÑ° Àç ã°þ¼Ė°ãÑ° ÀĖÑÄ¼Ñ đ đÑÄÜþ ñôĖÄÀ÷ĖÜçÝãēâ Ñ ÷ĖÜçÝãēâȤ ñôçÎô°âē
ÑãüÄô°ÜüēđãÄȤ ñÝ°ã÷ĖÄ Àç ÎÑÄô Ñ Ė°»°đȤ ÜÝç¼ÜÑ BçÝēÀôçãȤ çô°Ė üô°Àē¼ēÛãÄ ñÝ°ã÷ĖÄ ø¼ÑÄããÄ Üçã¼ÄãüôþÛ· ÷ÑÌ ã°
đ÷ĖļÐ÷üôçããēâ ôçĖđçÛþ ç÷ç»çđçø¼Ñ ÀĖÑļܰȩ HüēâþÝþÛ· çãÄ ÝçÎѼĖãÄ âēøÝÄãÑÄȤ þâÑÄÛÌüãçø¼Ñ ÜçâþãÑÜ°¼ēÛãÄȤ
ñç÷üôĖÄΰãÑÄ çôÑÄãü°¼ÛÑ ñôĖÄ÷üôĖÄããÄÛ çô°Ė ôçĖđèÛ þâÑÄÛÌüãçø¼Ñ âçüçôē¼Ėãē¼Ðȩ X÷Ėē÷üÜÑÄ ñçâç¼Ä ÀēÀ°Üüē¼ĖãÄ
ñôçâçđ°ãÑ° ÄÀþÜ°¼ÛÑ Ñ þ¼ĖÄãÑ° ÷ÑÌ ñôĖÄĖ Ė°»°đÌ ÷· ĖÎçÀãÄ Ė ãçôâ°âÑ »ÄĖñÑļĖÄä÷üđ° NãÑÑ þôçñÄÛ÷ÜÑÄÛȩ




48X8I
3°ñ° øđÑ°ü° ÀÝ° ÀĖÑļÑ













HL# . NE8 EL -ôē÷üÑ°ã -çâ°ãÀÄô
8Àôçđ·ę þÝȩ XÑÄÛ÷Ü° Ƶƻ Ȥ ƸƻɎƷƵƺ èô°ęÀęÄ
üÄÝȩȣ ʖƸƼ ƻƻ Ƹƺƻƻ ƷƼƼȤ âç»ÑÝȣ ʖƸƼ ƹƴƶ ƹƶƸ ƺƼƽ
đđđȮâ°ñē÷ĖÜçÝãÄȮñÝ

#4L E -LZX4 BE8 E 3Z N- Z,4



4çđç¼ĖÄ÷ãÄ ¼ēÍôçđÄ ÑãüÄô°ÜüēđãÄ ã°ôĖÌÀĖÑ° Àç ã°þ¼Ė°ãÑ° ÀĖÑÄ¼Ñ đ đÑÄÜþ ñôĖÄÀ÷ĖÜçÝãēâ Ñ ÷ĖÜçÝãēâȤ ñôçÎô°âē ÑãüÄô°ÜüēđãÄ
Üçã¼ÄãüôþÛ· ÷ÑÌ ã° đ÷ĖļÐ÷üôçããēâ ôçĖđçÛþ ç÷ç»çđçø¼Ñ ÀĖÑļܰȩ HüēâþÝþÛ· çãÄ ÝçÎѼĖãÄ âēøÝÄãÑÄȤ þâÑÄÛÌüãçø¼Ñ ÜçâþãÑÜ°¼ēÛãÄȤ
ñç÷üôĖÄΰãÑÄ çôÑÄãü°¼ÛÑ ñôĖÄ÷üôĖÄããÄÛ çô°Ė ôçĖđèÛ þâÑÄÛÌüãçø¼Ñ âçüçôē¼Ėãē¼Ðȩ X÷Ėē÷üÜÑÄ ñçâç¼Ä ÀēÀ°Üüē¼ĖãÄ ñôçâçđ°ãÑ°
ÄÀþÜ°¼ÛÑ Ñ þ¼ĖÄãÑ° ÷ÑÌ ñôĖÄĖ Ė°»°đÌ ÷· ĖÎçÀãÄ Ė ãçôâ°âÑ »ÄĖñÑļĖÄä÷üđ° NãÑÑ þôçñÄÛ÷ÜÑÄÛȩ




















L .# #4L E -LZX4 ȴ 3N.L#3 #




BçÀ â°ôÜ· HüÑÄÍÄÝ #ãüÄô°¼üÑĐÄ çÍÄôþÛÄâē ÜçâñÝÄÜ÷çđÄ ôçĖđÑ·Ė°ãÑ° ÀÝ° ÷ĖÜèá đÄ đÀô°ę°ãÑþ
ãçđç¼ĖÄ÷ãē¼Ð ÑãüÄô°Üüēđãē¼Ð Íçôâ ã°þ¼Ė°ãÑ° ôÄãçâçđ°ãē¼Ð ñôçÀþ¼Äãüèđȩ
8ÍÄôçđ°ãÄ ü°»ÝÑ¼Ä ÑãüÄô°ÜüēđãÄ üç ñçñþÝ°ôãÄ â°ôÜÑ D838 Ñ WL -Ȥ ÜôèüÜççÎãÑ÷ÜçđÄ
ñôçÛÄÜüçôē H 4Z8Ȥ "#L "# Ñ BH84Ȥ W#W#L ȩ 3çãü°ę ü°»ÝѼ ÑãüÄô°Üüēđãē¼Ð Ñ ñôçÛÄÜüçôèđ
çÍÄôþÛÄâē ã° ęē¼ĖÄãÑÄ ÜÝÑÄãü° đ ÷ē÷üÄâÑÄȣ 4 HL 2 Ȥ BE] HNX4Z .N 38 #.4Zȩ

4çđçø½ȫ
















.8 NHZ















HL# . NE8 EL -ôē÷üÑ°ã -çâ°ãÀÄô
8Àôçđ·ę þÝȩ XÑÄÛ÷Ü° Ƶƻ Ȥ ƸƻɎƷƵƺ èô°ęÀęÄ
üÄÝȩȣ ʖƸƼ ƻƻ Ƹƺƻƻ ƷƼƼȤ âç»ÑÝȣ ʖƸƼ ƹƴƶ ƹƶƸ ƺƼƽ
đđđȮâ°ñē÷ĖÜçÝãÄȮñÝ

#4L E -LZX4 BE8 E 3Z N- Z,4



4çđç¼ĖÄ÷ãÄ ¼ēÍôçđÄ ÑãüÄô°ÜüēđãÄ ã°ôĖÌÀĖÑ° Àç ã°þ¼Ė°ãÑ° ÀĖÑÄ¼Ñ đ đÑÄÜþ ñôĖÄÀ÷ĖÜçÝãēâ Ñ ÷ĖÜçÝãēâȤ ñôçÎô°âē ÑãüÄô°ÜüēđãÄ
Üçã¼ÄãüôþÛ· ÷ÑÌ ã° đ÷ĖļÐ÷üôçããēâ ôçĖđçÛþ ç÷ç»çđçø¼Ñ ÀĖÑļܰȩ HüēâþÝþÛ· çãÄ ÝçÎѼĖãÄ âēøÝÄãÑÄȤ þâÑÄÛÌüãçø¼Ñ ÜçâþãÑÜ°¼ēÛãÄȤ
ñç÷üôĖÄΰãÑÄ çôÑÄãü°¼ÛÑ ñôĖÄ÷üôĖÄããÄÛ çô°Ė ôçĖđèÛ þâÑÄÛÌüãçø¼Ñ âçüçôē¼Ėãē¼Ðȩ X÷Ėē÷üÜÑÄ ñçâç¼Ä ÀēÀ°Üüē¼ĖãÄ ñôçâçđ°ãÑ°
ÄÀþÜ°¼ÛÑ Ñ þ¼ĖÄãÑ° ÷ÑÌ ñôĖÄĖ Ė°»°đÌ ÷· ĖÎçÀãÄ Ė ãçôâ°âÑ »ÄĖñÑļĖÄä÷üđ° NãÑÑ þôçñÄÛ÷ÜÑÄÛȩ




















L .# #4L E -LZX4 ȴ 3N.L#3 #




BçÀ â°ôÜ· HüÑÄÍÄÝ #ãüÄô°¼üÑĐÄ çÍÄôþÛÄâē ÜçâñÝÄÜ÷çđÄ ôçĖđÑ·Ė°ãÑ° ÀÝ° ÷ĖÜèá đÄ đÀô°ę°ãÑþ
ãçđç¼ĖÄ÷ãē¼Ð ÑãüÄô°Üüēđãē¼Ð Íçôâ ã°þ¼Ė°ãÑ° ôÄãçâçđ°ãē¼Ð ñôçÀþ¼Äãüèđȩ
8ÍÄôçđ°ãÄ ü°»ÝÑ¼Ä ÑãüÄô°ÜüēđãÄ üç ñçñþÝ°ôãÄ â°ôÜÑ D838 Ñ WL -Ȥ ÜôèüÜççÎãÑ÷ÜçđÄ
ñôçÛÄÜüçôē H 4Z8Ȥ "#L "# Ñ BH84Ȥ W#W#L ȩ 3çãü°ę ü°»ÝѼ ÑãüÄô°Üüēđãē¼Ð Ñ ñôçÛÄÜüçôèđ
çÍÄôþÛÄâē ã° ęē¼ĖÄãÑÄ ÜÝÑÄãü° đ ÷ē÷üÄâÑÄȣ 4 HL 2 Ȥ BE] HNX4Z .N 38 #.4Zȩ

4çđçø½ȫ
















.8 NHZ















HL# . NE8 EL -ôē÷üÑ°ã -çâ°ãÀÄô
8Àôçđ·ę þÝȩ XÑÄÛ÷Ü° Ƶƻ Ȥ ƸƻɎƷƵƺ èô°ęÀęÄ
üÄÝȩȣ ʖƸƼ ƻƻ Ƹƺƻƻ ƷƼƼȤ âç»ÑÝȣ ʖƸƼ ƹƴƶ ƹƶƸ ƺƼƽ
đđđȮâ°ñē÷ĖÜçÝãÄȮñÝ

)"-$".1 VM 4QؒE[JFMD[B
,njUZ 8SPD’BXTLJF
UFM GBY

XXX IBMDBNQ QM

CJVSP!IBMDBNQ QM





/
/BKOPXT[B TFSJB LT[UB’UFL )"-$".1 UP NPȈMJXPǴǎ SP[XPKV J TUZNVMBDKJ BKOPXT[B TFSJB LT[UB’UFL )"-$".1 UP NPȈMJXPǴǎ SP[XPKV J TUZNVMBDKJ BKOPXT[B TFSJB LT[UB’UFL )"-$".1 UP NPȈMJXPǴǎ SP[XPKV J TUZNVMBDKJ
/
TFOTPNPUPSZD[OFK E[JFDJ E[JǗLJ D[FNV CǗEnj POF X PEQPXJFEOJ TQPTØC QP[OBXB’Z FOTPNPUPSZD[OFK E[JFDJ E[JǗLJ D[FNV CǗEnj POF X PEQPXJFEOJ TQPTØC QP[OBXB’Z FOTPNPUPSZD[OFK E[JFDJ E[JǗLJ D[FNV CǗEnj POF X PEQPXJFEOJ TQPTØC QP[OBXB’Z
T
T
J LSFPXB’Z TXØK ǴXJBU LSFPXB’Z TXØK ǴXJBU LSFPXB’Z TXØK ǴXJBU
J
J
/BKXZȈT[FK KBLPǴDJ NBUFSJB’Z VȈZUF EP QSPEVLDKJ PSB[ QPOBE UP MFUOJF EPǴXJBED[FOJF BKXZȈT[FK KBLPǴDJ NBUFSJB’Z VȈZUF EP QSPEVLDKJ PSB[ QPOBE UP MFUOJF EPǴXJBED[FOJF BKXZȈT[FK KBLPǴDJ NBUFSJB’Z VȈZUF EP QSPEVLDKJ PSB[ QPOBE UP MFUOJF EPǴXJBED[FOJF
/
/
T
TQSBXJ’Z ȈF UXPS[ZNZ BSUZLV’Z LUØSF Tnj XZCPSFN OB E’VHJF MBUB QSBXJ’Z ȈF UXPS[ZNZ BSUZLV’Z LUØSF Tnj XZCPSFN OB E’VHJF MBUB QSBXJ’Z ȈF UXPS[ZNZ BSUZLV’Z LUØSF Tnj XZCPSFN OB E’VHJF MBUB
T
5
5
5
5P X 1BǩTUXB SǗDF PEEBKFNZ NPȈMJXPǴǎ TLPNQPOPXBOJB TXPKFHP VOJLBUPXFHP J XZKnjULPXFHP [FTUBXV
QPQS[F[ XZCSBOJF QPT[D[FHØMOZDI FMFNFOUØX [ QPǴSØE CPHBUFK PGFSUZ X[PSØX TUBOEBSEPXZDI CnjEȇ
TQFDKBMOJF EMB 1BǩTUXB [BQSPKFLUPXBOJF DB’LPXJDJF OPXZDI GPSN EPTUPTPXBOZDI EP 1BǩTUXB QPUS[FC
%BKNZ XTQØMOJF E[JFDJPN NPȈMJXPǴDJ SP[XPKV PSB[ LSFBDKJ ǴXJBUB UBLJN KBLJN HP XJE[nj
.BDJFK (’PXJǩTLJ 8’BǴDJDJFM öSNZ )"-$".1
%-"$;&(0 8"350 8:#3"ƍ 8Œ"ƴ/*& )"-$".1

















#&;1*&$;&Ʃ4580 8:40," +",0ƴƍ ,3&"5:8/& Œ"580ƴƍ
/" -"5" 30;8*Ƌ;"/*" 653;:."/*"





$&35:'*,08"/& 4;&30," 1"-&5"
."5&3*"Œ: ,0-03:45:$;/"








/"4;& $&35:'*,"5:

'JSNB )BMDBNQ X TXPKFK PGFSDJF QPTJBEB SØXOJFȈ
SØȈOPSPEOF QPNPDF PHØMOPSP[XPKPXF J UFSBQFVUZD[OF
EMB E[JFDJ [ SØȈOZNJ OJFQF’OPTQSBXOPǴDJBNJ D[VDJPXZNJ
SVDIPXZNJ KBL SØXOJFȈ JOUFMFLUVBMOZNJ



8"Œ&, 1*Œ&$;,"
03;&4;&, ; ,0-$".*



















1*Œ&$;,* ; ,0-$".*






1»Œ,6-& ; 8:1645,".*



















."5" &7" ; 8:1645,".* %:4,* ; ,0-$".*



















10%64;,* (3&&/ -*'&
XXX IBMDBNQ QM

)6ƴ5"8,"























86-,"/ */41*3"$+* 4,-&1*,
$FDInj DIBSBLUFSZTUZD[Onj LT[UB’UFL


)BMDBNQ KFTU NPȈMJXPǴǎ JDI EPXPMOFHP









QP’njD[FOJB UXPS[njD UZN TBNZN TXPKF VOJLBUPXF
J XZKnjULPXF [FTUBXZ



ƴ$*&Lj," ;%308*" ,30,0%:-



























#"4&/ ; 1*Œ,".* 10$*Ƌ(

.045
VVV[email protected]@LOOK

)6ƴ5"8,"























86-,"/ */41*3"$+* 4,-&1*,
$FDInj DIBSBLUFSZTUZD[Onj LT[UB’UFL


)BMDBNQ KFTU NPȈMJXPǴǎ JDI EPXPMOFHP









QP’njD[FOJB UXPS[njD UZN TBNZN TXPKF VOJLBUPXF
J XZKnjULPXF [FTUBXZ



ƴ$*&Lj," ;%308*" ,30,0%:-



























#"4&/ ; 1*Œ,".* 10$*Ƌ(

.045
VVV[email protected]@LOOK

4Q\YKLCO[ F\KGEKɂEȰ Y[QDTCʛPKɂ


9[FCYPKEVYQ #/''6 RQYUVCQ Y TQMW 1F UCOGIQ RQE\ȰVMW
PCU\[O EGNGO D[Q VYQT\GPKG YU\GEJUVTQPPKG CMV[YK\WLȰE[EJ
MUKȰʝGM FNC F\KGEK Y YKGMW RT\GFU\MQNP[O K YE\GUPQU\MQNP[O



1F RQPCF NCV TQ\YKLCO[ PCU\Ȱ QHGTVɂ Y[FCYPKE\Ȱ K F\Kɺ OQʝPC Y PKGL \PCNGʛȲ

ű MUKȰʝMK YURKGTCLȰEG TQ\YȡL PCLOQFU\[EJ F\KGEK
ű MUKȰʝMK CMV[YK\WLȰEG FQ MQNQTQYCPKC FNC F\KGEK Y YKGMW ť NCV
ű MUKȰʝMK FNC OC[EJ RTQLGMVCPVGM
ű MQNQTQYCPMK CTV[UV[E\PG K MUKȰʝMK FQ MTGCV[YP[EJ \CLɂȲ
ű RTQITCO GFWMCE[LP[ Ů&KUPG[ 7E\[ŭ UMKGTQYCP[ FQ F\KGEK Y YKGMW ť NCV
ű MUKȰʝMK \ MNQEMCOK .')1m
ű MUKȰʝMK \ QRQYKCFCPKCOK K MQOKMUCOK MUKȰʝMK \ QRQYKCFCPKCOK K MQOKMUCOK
ű
ű MUKȰʝMK FQ UCOQF\KGNPGIQ E\[VCPKC

6YQT\[O[ FNC F\KGEK K \ O[ɺNȰ Q F\KGEKCEJ

&\KGEK VQ PCLYF\KɂE\PKGLUK C LGFPQE\GɺPKG PCLDCTF\KGL Y[OCICLȰE[ QFDKQTE[ +EJ TQ\YȡL LGUV
FNC PCU DCTF\Q KUVQVP[ 6Q FNC PKEJ MTGWLGO[ MUKȰʝMK RGPG EKGMCY[EJ \CFCɧ GFWMCE[LP[EJ
K PKGVW\KPMQY[EJ RQO[UȡY

,CMQɺȲ ť VQ FNC PCU RQFUVCYC

5
5VCTCO[ UKɂ VCTCO[ UKɂ ʝGD[ MUKȰʝMK Y[FCYPKEVYC #/''6 URGPKC[ QE\GMKYCPKC MNKGPVȡY ť \CTȡYPQ
V[EJ PCLOQFU\[EJ LCM K KEJ TQF\KEȡY













































YYY COGGV RN

&KUPG[ 7E\[ %[HT[ ȱYKE\GPKC \ 0CMNGLMCOK

-UKȰʝMC YRTQYCF\C RKɂEKQNCVMK Y ɺYKCV E[HT K RT\[IQVQYWLG FQ PCWMK NKE\GPKC
2QFE\CU TQ\YKȰ\[YCPKC \CFCɧ F\KGEMQ ȲYKE\[ RKUCPKG E[HT RQ ɺNCF\KG
FQUMQPCNȰE Y VGP URQUȡD URTCYPQɺȲ OCPWCNPȰ K QRCPQYWLȰE VGEJPKMɂ
VT\[OCPKC QȡYMC &QFCVMQYQ WE\[ UKɂ Y[MQP[YCȲ RTQUVG F\KCCPKC PC
NKE\DCEJ 9 MUKȰʝEG QRTȡE\ TȡʝPQTQFP[EJ ȲYKE\Gɧ \YKȰ\CP[EJ \ E[HTCOK
\PCLFWLȰ UKɂ VCMʝG EKGMCYG \CFCPKC TQ\YKLCLȰEG URQUVT\GICYE\QɺȲ 9 \CLɂEKCEJ
F\KGEKQO VQYCT\[U\Ȱ WNWDKGPK DQJCVGTQYKG C FQFCVMQYȰ CVTCMELȰ UȰ PCMNGLMK
M
MVVȡTG OQʝPC Y[MQT\[UVCȲ RQFE\CU RTCE[



&KUPG[ 7E\[ 0QEPG PKGDQ -UKȰʝMC QFMT[YE[
9[LȰVMQYC RTQRQ\[ELC FNC YU\[UVMKEJ RCULQPCVȡY CUVTQPQOKK K \LCYKUM LCMKG \CEJQF\Ȱ
PC PCU\[O PKGDKG 9URCPKCG \FLɂEKC OPȡUVYQ MQNQTQY[EJ KNWUVTCELK K E\[VGNPG KPHQITCƓMK
RQ\YQNȰ F\KGEKQO DNKʝGL RQ\PCȲ PCU\Ȱ ICNCMV[Mɂ ť K PKG V[NMQ -UKȰʝMC \CYKGTC U\GTQMK
Y[DȡT HCMVȡY PC VGOCV \QT\[ RQNCTPGL EKGMCYQUVGM Q 7MCF\KG 5QPGE\P[O K QFRQYKCFC
PC YKGNG R[VCɧ \ \CMTGUW CUVTQPQOKK &\KGEK FQYKGF\Ȱ UKɂ O KP UMȰF UKɂ DKQTȰ PQE K F\KGɧ
KNG NCV K LCMȰ VGORGTCVWTɂ OC 5QɧEG K EQ VQ LGUV ŮNKUK QIKGɧŭ 6C MUKȰʝMC VQ RTQRQ\[ELC MVȡTC
\
\ RGY RGYPQɺEKȰ \CURQMQK IȡF YKGF\[ PCYGV PCLDCTF\KGL EKGMCYUMKEJ F\KGEK

&KUPG[ 7E\[ 1EGCP[ -UKȰʝMC QFMT[YE[

9[LȰVMQYC RTQRQ\[ELC FNC YU\[UVMKEJ RCULQPCVȡY ɺYKCVC QEGCPȡY 6C
HCUE[PWLȰEC MUKȰʝMC RGPC LGUV YURCPKC[EJ \FLɂȲ MQNQTQY[EJ KNWUVTCELK
K
K KPHQITCƓM F\KɂMK M KPHQITCƓM F\KɂMK MVȡT[O F\KGEK DɂFȰ OQI[ RT\[LT\GȲ UKɂ \ DNKUMC
RQFYQFPGOW ɺYKCVW ť QF Y[RGPKQPGL UQɧEGO TCH[ MQTCNQYGL RQ
PCLEKGOPKGLU\G IɂDKP[ 2Q\PCLȰ VCLGOPKEG OQTUMKEJ \YKGT\ȰV K KPPG \LCYKUMC
\YKȰ\CPG \ ʝ[EKGO Y QEGCPCEJ 2Q EQ QɺOKQTPKEC WFCLG ƔȰFTɂ! &NCE\GIQ
RGYKGP DNKUMK MTGYPKCM 0GOQ PC\[YCP[ LGUV EJKTWTIKGO! %\[ WMYKC VQ MYKCV
E\[ \YKGT\ɂ! %\[O LGUV GEJQNQMCELC! ,CM ɺRKȰ Y[FT[ OQTUMKG! 0C VG K KPPG
R[VCPKC YU\[UVMKG EKGMCYG ɺYKCVC F\KGEK \PCLFȰ QFRQYKGF\K Y MUKȰʝEG
Ů
Ů1EGCP1EGCP[ -UKȰʝMC QFMT[YE[ŭ


&KUPG[ 7E\[ <CFCPKC FQ <OC\[YCPKC

5GTKC MUKȰʝGM MVȡTC RQYUVCC Y TCOCEJ RTQITCOW GFWMCE[LPGIQ &KUPG[ 7E\[
&\KɂMK PKGL F\KGEMQ RQFE\CU FQUMQPCGL \CDCY[ OC QMC\Lɂ \OKGT\[Ȳ UKɂ
\ QFRQYKGFPKOK FNC LGIQ YKGMW TȡʝPQTQFP[OK \CFCPKCOK GFWMCE[LP[OK ɹEKGTCNPG
UVTQP[ QTC\ FQȰE\QP[ FQ MUKȰʝMK OC\CM URTCYKCLȰ ʝG RT\GFU\MQNCM OQʝG
YKGNQMTQVPKG TQ\YKȰ\[YCȲ UYQLG WNWDKQPG \CFCPKC 0CT[UQYCPG U\NCE\MK DG\ VTWFW
OQʝPC \GVT\GȲ K \CE\ȰȲ \CDCYɂ QF PQYC 5GTKC LGUV FQUMQPC[O PCT\ɂF\KGO F\KɂMK
MVȡTGOW RT\GFU\MQNCM ȲYKE\[ OQVQT[Mɂ OCȰ K TQ\YKLC WOKGLɂVPQɺȲ MQPEGPVTCELK



-UKȰʝMK \ UGTKK &KUPG[ 7E\[ Ů2T\[IQFC \ %\[VCPKGO 2Q\PCLɂ CNHCDGVŭ Ů4Q\YKȰ\WLɂ 5COC 4Q\YKȰ\WLɂ 5COŭ
Ů.KVGT[ ȱYKE\GPKC \ 0CMNGLMCOKŭ Ů%[HT[ ȱYKE\GPKC \ 0CMNGLMCOKŭ Ů0QEPG PKGDQ -UKȰʝMC QFMT[YE[ŭ
Ů1EGCP[ -UKȰʝMC QFMT[YE[ŭ Ů<CFCPKC FQ <OC\[YCPKCŭ WMCʝȰ UKɂ PC T[PMW Y UKGTRPKW TQMW











YYY COGGV RN



&KUPG[ 7E\[ 2T\[IQFC \ %\[VCPKGO

Ů2T\[IQFC \ %\[VCPKGOŭ VQ RTQITCO CFTGUQYCP[ FQ F\KGEK Y YKGMW
RT\GFU\MQNP[O TQ\RQE\[PCLȰE[EJ PCWMɂ E\[VCPKC &\KɂMK \CUVQUQYCPKW
TȡʝP[EJ OGVQF ť QF E\[VCPKC INQDCNPGIQ RQRT\G\ E\[VCPKG U[NCDQYG Cʝ FQ
CPCNKV[E\PQ U[PVGV[E\PGIQ ť \ RTQITCOW OQIȰ MQT\[UVCȲ K OQFU\G K UVCTU\G
RT\GFU\MQNCMK -UKȰʝMK RQYUVC[ RQF QRKGMȰ #PP[ -QTCNGYUMKGL ť FQTCFE[
OGVQF[E\PGIQ PCWE\[EKGNMK Y[EJQYCPKC RT\GFU\MQNPGIQ K GFWMCELK
YE\GUPQU\MQNPGL Y Œ%&0K-2 Y QRCTEKW Q RQFUVCYɂ RTQITCOQYȰ 6GMUV[
NKVGTCEMKG UVYQT\[NK \PCPK RKVGTCEMKG UVYQT\[NK \PCPK RQNUE[ CWVQT\[
N
2TQITCO \QUVC RQF\KGNQP[ PC RQ\KQO[ Ɖ Y \CNGʝPQɺEK QF \CUVQUQYCPGL OGVQF[
K UMQORNKMQYCPKC VGMUVW 4GMQOGPFQYCP[ LGUV FQ RTCE[ TQF\KEC \ F\KGEMKGO
/QʝG D[Ȳ VGʝ Y[MQT\[UV[YCP[ Y RT\GFU\MQNCEJ LCMQ PCT\ɂF\KG YURQOCICLȰEG
PCWMɂ CNHCDGVW K E\[VCPKC



&KUPG[ 7E\[ 2T\[IQFC \ %\[VCPKGO $ɂFɂ E\[VCȲ


Ů$ɂFɂ E\[VCȲŭ VQ MUKȰʝMK FQ E\[VCPKC PC RQ\KQOKG + MVȡT[ FGF[MQYCP[
LGUV PCLOQFU\[O F\KGEKQO 9[MQT\[UVCPC Y PKEJ OGVQFC E\[VCPKC
INQDCNPGIQ RQNGIC PC \CRCOKɂV[YCPKW Y[INȰFW ECGIQ Y[TC\W C PKG
RQU\E\GIȡNP[EJ NKVGT &\KGEMQ YKGNQMTQVPKG QINȰFC KNWUVTCELɂ K RQFRKU
C Y LGIQ RCOKɂEK RQYUVCLG QDTC\ 0CWMC LGUV RT\GFG YU\[UVMKO
\CDCYȰ FQ MVȡTGL \CEJɂECLȰ RQUVCEKG \G ɺYKCVC &KUPG[C &QFCVMQYȰ
OQV[YCELɂ UVCPQYKȰ PCMNGLMK PCITQF[ K F[RNQO OCGIQ E\[VGNPKMC




&KUPG[ 7E\[ 2T\[IQFC \ %\[VCPKGO %\[VCO \ OCOȰ K VCVȰ
Ů%\[VCO \ OCOȰ K VCVȰŭ VQ MUKȰʝMK PC RQ\KQOKG ++ RTQITCOW 0C V[O GVCRKG F\KGEK
WE\Ȱ UKɂ E\[VCȲ OGVQFȰ INQDCNPȰ \ Y[MQT\[UVCPKGO RKMVQITCOȡY 7E\GUVPKE\Ȱ
Y NGMVWT\G VGMUVW YKGTU\QYCPGIQ UCOQF\KGNPKG QFE\[VWLȰE Y[TC\[ RQYKȰ\CPG
ITCƓE\PKG \ RKMVQITCOCOK 6W VCMʝG PCWMC LGUV RT\GFG YU\[UVMKO \CDCYȰ FQ
MVȡTGL \CEJɂECLȰ \PCPG RQUVCEKG \G ɺYKCVC &KUPG[C /CNWEJ[ OQV[YWLGO[ \C
RQOQEȰ PCMNGLGM PCITQFQY[EJ K F[RNQOW E\[VGNPKMC





&KUPG[ 7E\[ 2T\[IQFC \ %\[VCPKGO -CTV[ GFWMCE[LPG

-CTV[ Ů2Q\PCLɂ NKVGT[ŭ VQ FQUMQPC[ URQUȡD ʝGD[ \C\PCLQOKȲ
RT\GFU\MQNCMK \ CNHCDGVGO K Y\DQICEKȲ KEJ UQYPKEVYQ <GUVCY UMCFC
UKɂ \ FYWF\KGUVW E\VGTGEJ FYWUVTQPP[EJ MCTV QTC\ MUKȰʝMK \ PCMNGLMCOK
2QFE\CU \CDCY[ F\KGEMQ RQ\PC CNHCDGV \OKɂME\GPKC K FYW\PCMK PCWE\[
UKɂ VCMʝG TQ\TȡʝPKCȲ OCG K YKGNMKG NKVGT[ 9 MUKȰʝEG TQF\KE \PCLF\KG
RTQRQ\[ELG \CDCY GFWMCE[LP[EJ \ Y[MQT\[UVCPKGO MCTV K PCMNGLGM
M MVȡTG FQFCVMQYQ \CEJɂEȰ OCNWEJC FQ ȲYKE\Gɧ C VCMʝG RQOQIȰ WVTYCNKȲ
\FQD[VȰ YKGF\ɂ /QIȰ QPG VCMʝG D[Ȳ KPURKTCELȰ FQ RQU\WMKYCPKC
YCUP[EJ RQO[UȡY \CLɂȲ YURKGTCLȰE[EJ TQ\YȡL PCLOQFU\[EJ











YYY COGGV RN

‘ œ & M v , , ƽ‰ , & ® , .¼
.VLÃ×NL NWµUH RIHUXMHP\ WR SURGXNW\ QDMZ\×V]HM MDNRÐFL SU]HSLÇNQLH
Z\GDQH ] FXGRZQ\PL LOXVWUDFMDPL L ]GMÇFLDPL 3U]HGH ZV]\VWNLP VÃ
GRVWRVRZDQH GR SR]LRPX UR]ZRMX G]LHFND D WUHÐFL Z QLFK ]DZDUWH
RSUDFRZDQH Và SU]\ SRPRF\ VSHFMDOLVWµZ L Z RSDUFLX R V]F]HJµÊRZÃ
ZLHG]Ç WHPDW\F]QÃ $VRUW\PHQW ]QDMGXMÃF\ VLÇ Z VNOHSLH ]RVWDÊ
GREUDQ\ SRG NÃWHP DGHNZDWQRÐFL GR ZLHNX L ]DLQWHUHVRZDÌ G]LHFL
:\EµU NVLÃ×NL QD SRGVWDZLH ]DLQWHUHVRZDQLD G]LHFND XÊDWZL
ZSURZDG]HQLHSURZDG]HQLH Z ÐZLDW MÇ]\ND DQJLHOVNLHJR SRGQRV]ÃF MHGQRF]HÐQLH
Z
ZLHG]Ç G]LHFL ] LFK XOXELRQHM WHPDW\NL
']LÇNL RIHURZDQ\P SU]H] QDV NVLÃ×NRP ]DSHZQLV] VZRMHPX G]LHFNX Z
VSRVµE VSRQWDQLF]Q\ L QLH]Z\NOH VNXWHF]Q\ IDQWDVW\F]QÃ SU]\JRGÇ
] MÇ]\NLHP DQJLHOVNLP UR]ZLMDMÃF Z QLP OXE ZUÇF] Z]EXG]DMÃF ZLHOH
QRZ\FK ]DLQWHUHVRZDÌ

1DV]H G]LHFL SRNRFKDÊ\ MX× PDJLF]Q\
ÐZLDW RSRZLHÐFL ]DEDZ\ L QDXNL ]
NVLÃ×NDPL Z\GDZQLFWZ 8VERUQH
3XEOLVKLQJ 1RV\ &URZ 6FKRODVWLF L
%ORRPVEXU\ WHUD] FKFHP\ ]DSURVLÅ GR
QLH]Z\NÊHM SU]\JRG\ NROHMQH ']LHFL L
LFK 5RG]LFµZ å ]QDMGÕFLH Z :DV]\P
Ð
ÐZLHFLH PLHMVFH GOD QDV]ZLHFLH PLHMVFH GOD QDV]\FK NVLÃ×HN
6HUGHF]QLH ]DSUDV]DP\ MHVWHÐP\ GR
3DÌVWZD G\VSR]\FML 'R ND×GHJR
.OLHQWD SRGFKRG]LP\ LQG\ZLGXDOQLH
]DSHZQLDMÃF SRPRF Z GRERU]H
ZÊDÐFLZHM NVLÃ×NL *RUÃFR ]DFKÇFDP\
GR ]DNXSµZ Z %RRNLGV












:VSµÊSUDFXMHP\ ] SODFµZNDPL HGXNDF\MQ\PL GOD NWµU\FK PDP\ SU]\JRWRZDQà VSHFMDOQà RIHUWÇ FHQRZÃ






ZZZ ERRNLGV SO %RRNLGV 7HO WHO

ELXUR#ERRNLGV SO XO =ZROHÌVND & ORN :DUV]DZD

’ $  
.RORURZD NVLÃ×ND SHÊQD REUD]NµZ GR SRPDORZDQLD SU]\ X×\FLX
RGFLVNµZ SDOXV]NµZ ZUD] ] GRÊÃF]RQ\P SDQHOHP ] NRORURZ\PL
WXV]DPL 3HÊQD ]DEDZQ\FK PRW\ZµZ GR Z\SHÊQLHQLD RGFLVNDPL WM
ZLHZLµUNL MH× SWDNL SLMÃFH ZRGÇ ] IRQWDQQ\ L ZLHOH LQQ\FK 3DQHO
WXV]HP SR]ZDOD G]LHFLRP V]\ENR L ÊDWZR WZRU]\Å REUD]\ SU]\
X×\FLX RGFLVNµZ SDOFµZ JG]LHNROZLHN VÃ EH] SRWU]HE\ X×\ZDQLD
SÇG]OL L SRMHPQLNµZ ] IDUEDPL


&HQD ]Ê







¸ $& $ 
8URF]D NVLÃ×HF]ND ] HOHPHQWDPL ' SU]HGVWDZLDMÃFD VFHQ\ ]H
VÊRQHF]QHJR RJURGX SHÊQHJR URÐOLQ L ]ZLHU]ÃW ']LHFL SRNRFKDMÃ
RGNU\ZDQLH NROHMQ\FK VWURQ ] UXFKRP\PL L WUµMZ\PLDURZ\PL
HOHPHQWDPL WM SV]F]RÊ\ EU]ÇF]ÃFH ZRNµÊ NZLHWQLND SHÊQHJR
NRORURZ\FK NZLDWµZ NUµOLND XNU\ZDMÃFHJR VLÇ Z JU]ÃGNDFK
ZDU]\ZQ\FK F]\ ]ÊRWÃ U\ENÇ Z RF]NX ZRGQ\P

&HQD ]Ê










— ·
0DOXWND NVLÃ×HF]ND GOD QDMPÊRGV]\FK G]LHFL
SU]HGVWDZLDMÃFD LFK XOXELRQH ]ZLHU]ÇWD L RWDF]DMÃFÃ SU]\URGÇ
3U]\ ND×G\P ] QLFK ]QDMGXMH VLÇ SU]\FLVN XUXFKDPLDMÃF\
RGJÊRV\ Z\GDMÃFH SU]H] GDQH ]ZLHU]ÃWNR OXE GÕZLÇNL QDWXU\


&HQD ]Ê











® ( 
,QWHUDNW\ZQD NVLÃ×HF]ND ]DSURMHNWRZDQD VSHFMDOQLH GOD
QDMPÊRGV]\FK SHÊQD ×\Z\FK NRORUµZ SU]HVXZDQ\FK
F]ÇÐFL L SU]\MD]Q\FK ]ZLHU]ÃWHN Z ]RR ']LHFL XZLHOELDMÃ
SU]HVXZDÅ F]ÇÐFL L WZRU]\Å QRZH VFHQ\ L REUD]NL ÏZLHWQD GOD
UR]ZRMX ]GROQRÐFL PRWRU\F]Q\FK L NRRUG\QDFML Z]URNX


&HQD ]Ê

— $ 
$NW\ZL]XMÃFD NVLÃ×HF]ND QDNOHMNRZD ZSURZDG]L G]LHFNR Z
ZDNDF\MQ\ QDVWUµM ]DELHUDMÃF MH QD SLDV]F]\VWà SOD×Ç HNVF\WXMÃFHJR
SDUNX F]\ QD EDVHQ .D×G\ REUD] MHVW SHÊHQ U]HF]\ GR Z\NU\FLD L
RSLVDQLD 'RGDWNRZR ]DZLHUD ]DJDGNL JU\ L F]WHU\ VWURQ\ QDNOHMHN
2GSRZLHG]L ]DPLHV]F]RQH Và QD NRÌFX NVLÃ×NL 'RVNRQDÊH ÅZLF]HQLH
NRRUG\QDFML Z]URNRZR UXFKRZHM RUD] VSRVWU]HJDZF]RÐFL X G]LHFND
,GHDOQLH VSUDZG]L VLÇ SRGF]DV ZDNDF\MQ\FK Z\MD]GµZ


&HQD ]Ê







 ˜ ¡  , ‘
1DXND SRSU]H] SUDFÇ WZµUF]à ']LÇNL WHM NVLÃ×HF]FH G]LHFL QDXF]à VLÇ MDN
U\VRZDÅ L WZRU]\Å SLHUZV]H ]ZLHU]ÇWD L ZLHOH LQQ\FK SOXV GHNRURZDÅ
SUDFÇ ZLHORPD QDNOHMNDPL L GRÊÃF]RQ\P GR NVLÃ×HF]NL ćDPDVWUHP
:V]\VWNLH ]HV]\W\ ] P\V]NÃ $UW\ GR ZF]HVQHM QDXNL SRPDJDMÃ UR]ZLMDÅ
NRRUG\QDFMÇ UÇND RNR SRV]HU]DMÃ ZLHG]Ç G]LHFL ] SLHUZV]\FK
NOXF]RZ\FK SRMÇÅ RUD] LFK UR]XPLHQLH SRSU]H] SUDFÇ WZµUF]Ã

&HQD ]Ê









¸ $ 
ï : VÊRQHF]Q\P RJURG]LH MHVW SHÊQR Uµ×Q\FK RGJÊRVµZ VSUµEXM
RGQDOHÕÅ VNÃG SRFKRG]Ã
ï 3LÇNQLH LOXVWURZDQD NVLÃ×HF]ND GOD QDMPÊRGV]\FK ] RWZLHUDQ\PL
RNLHQNDPL L RWZRUDPL GR SRGJOÃGDQLD
ï &]DWXMÃF\ ZVWÇS GR QDXNL R RWDF]DMÃF\P QDV ÐZLHFLH


&HQD ]Ê










—   
&LHNDZ\ LQWHUDNW\ZQ\ VSRVµE QD QDXNÇ SRQDG FRG]LHQQ\FK VʵZ
Z\NRU]\VW\ZDQ\FK Z V]NROH 6ʵZND QDJUDQH SU]H] QDWLYH VSHDNHU D
']LHFNR VSRÐUµG GZXVWURQQ\FK NDUW Z\ELHUD NDUWÇ ]H VÊRZDPL GR VÊXFKDQLD
VÃ SRXNÊDGDQH WHPDW\F]QLH QS OLWHU\ F\IU\ NRORU\ SU]HGPLRW\ Z V]NROH
ÏZLHWQ\ VSRVµE GOD SU]HGV]NRODNµZ QD QDXNÇ MÇ]\ND DQJLHOVNLHJR


&HQD ]Ê

  . ° ‘ ‘
.VLÃ×HF]ND ] VHULL 6LQJ $ORQJ WZDUG\FK WHNWXURZ\FK NVLÃ×HF]HN
] WHNVWDPL QDMSRSXODUQLHMV]\FK SLRVHQHN GOD QDMPÊRGV]\FK ÏZLHWQH
LOXVWUDFMH UXFKRPH HOHPHQW\ :\VWDUF]\ ]HVNDQRZDÅ NRG 45
E\ Z\VÊXFKDÅ ZHUVML LQVWUXPHQWDOQHM OXE SLRVHQNL ] WHNVWHP
ÏZLHWQD GR QDXNL DQJLHOVNLHJR RUD] URG]LQQHJR ÐSLHZDQLD


&HQD ]Ê










® (  
.VLÃ×HF]ND ] WZDUG\PL VWURQDPL GOD QDMPÊRGV]\FK ]DZLHUD
UXFKRPH F]ÇÐFL SRG NWµU\PL NU\MÃ VLÇ LOXVWUDFMHGX×\FK L PDÊ\FK
GLQR]DXUµZ ÏZLHWQD GR UR]ZRMX XPLHMÇWQRÐFL PRWRU\F]Q\FK
L NRRUG\QDFML Z]URNX SHÊQD NRORURZ\FK LOXVWUDFML


&HQD ]Ê










˜   » ¼
=HVWDZ FLX PLÇNNLFK NVLÃ×HF]HN ] ZLHORNURWQLH QDJUDG]DQHM VHULL
8VERUQH )LUVW 5HDGLQJ VWDQRZLÃF\ ]QDNRPLWÃ LQVSLUDFMÇ GR QDXNL
VDPRG]LHOQHJR F]\WDQLD GOD G]LHFL 3LHUZV]H LH NVLÃ×NL ] SDNLHWX
9HU\ )LUVW 5HDGLQJ WR W\WXÊ\ NWµUH SR]ZROÃ G]LHFNX ] SRPRFÃ
GRURVÊHJR SRGMÃÅ SLHUZV]H NURNL Z F]\WDQLX


&HQD ]Ê








— ( 
.D×G\ URG]LF ZLH FR WR DEVROXWQD IDVF\QDFMD G]LHFND EXWDPL ']LHFL XZLHOELDMÃ
]DNÊDGDÅ L ]GHMPRZDÅ EXW\ EDZLÅ VLÇ V]QXURZDGÊDPL U]HSDPL L NODPUDPL
7D NVLÃ×HF]ND WR RGSRZLHGÕ QD PRGOLWZ\ URG]LFµZ NWµU\FK G]LHFL SU]HG Z\MÐFLHP
] GRPX JRG]LQDPL SU]HELHUDMÃ Z RGQDOH]LHQLX WHM ZÊDÐFLZHM SDU\ %XW\ /XOX WR
NVLÃ×ND LGHDOQD GR SRGDQLD G]LHFNX Z GRPX QD VSDFHU]H Z Zµ]NX LWS ]DSHZQL
]DEDZÇ QD GÊXJR GDMÃF PR×OLZRÐÅ PDÊ\P UÃF]NRP RGSLQDÅ U]HS\ UR]ZLÃ]\ZDÅ
V]QXURZDGÊD GRW\NDÅ PLÇFLXWNLFK VWUXNWXU Uµ×QRURGQ\FK SDU EXFLNµZ Z NVLÃ×FH

&HQD ]Ê


Click to View FlipBook Version
Previous Book
bamako-2018
Next Book
376