The words you are searching are inside this book. To get more targeted content, please make full-text search by clicking here.
Discover the best professional documents and content resources in AnyFlip Document Base.
Search
Published by B&R, 2018-02-06 09:29:34

MP LittleBig Shop

/LWWOH %LJ 6KRS *GDĔVN 3ROVND
6NRQWDNWXM VLĊ ] QDPL
( PDLO ELXUR#OLWWOHELJVKRS SO



Í $Í$

']LHFL Z ZLHNX GR ODW Vą EDUG]LHM Z\PDJDMąFH QLĪ PáRGV]H 0DOXFK\ V]\ENR VLĊ QXG]ą D SURVWH ]DEDZ\ VDPRFKRGHP F]\
SOXV]DNLHP WR ]D PDáR 'ODWHJR WHĪ SURSRQXMHP\ 3DĔVWZX JUXSĊ ]DEDZHN NWyUD SREXG]L Z\REUDĨQLĊ NLONXODWND L ]DLQWHUHVXMH JR QD
GáXĪHM :\NOHMDQLH SLDVNLHP F]\ FHNLQDPL Z\PDJD FDáNLHP GREUHM VSUDZQRĞFL GáRQL L VDP\FK SDOXV]NyZ
'
']LHFL UR]ZLMDMą VLĊ QLH]Z\NOH LQWHQV\ZQLH Z W\P SU]HG]LDOH ZLHNRZ\P ]DGDMą PQyVWZR S\WDĔ L Vą FLHNDZH ĞZLDWD =D]Z\F]DM VSUDZQLH ]LHFL UR]ZLMDMą VLĊ QLH]Z\NOH LQWHQV\ZQLH Z W\P SU]HG]LDOH ZLHNRZ\P ]DGDMą PQyVWZR S\WDĔ L Vą FLHNDZH ĞZLDWD =D]Z\F]DM VSUDZQLH
VLĊ SRUXV]D ELHJD VNDF]H L PD PLOLRQ SRP\VáyZ F]ĊĞü ] QLFK PRĪH VLĊ VNRĔF]\ü JURĨQ\P XSDGNLHP 'ODWHJR ZDUWR XĞZLDGDPLDü
G]LHFLRP NRQVHNZHQFMH WDNLFK ]DFKRZDĔ L üZLF]\ü VSUDZQRĞü PDQXDOQą :VND]DQH Vą ZV]HONLH ]DEDZ\ NWyUH DNW\ZXMą UĊFH NLONXODWND
3ODVWHOLQRZH SUDFH Z\FLQDQLH SU]\NOHMDQLH NRUDOLNyZ ĞZLHWQLH VW\PXOXMą UR]ZyM SV\FKRPRWRU\F]Q\ G]LHFND
.LONXODWNL UyZQRF]HĞQLH GR UR]ZRMX IL]\F]QHJR EDUG]R LQWHQV\ZQLH UR]ZLMDMą VLĊ LQWHOHNWXDOQLH SR]QDMą ĞZLDW XZLHOELDMą HNVSHU\PHQW\
L SU]\VáXFKXMą VLĊ RSRZLDVWNRP R SU]\URG]LH F]\ KLVWRULL &]DVHP QDZHW NVLąĪND MXĪ QLH Z\VWDUF] SU]\VáXFKXMą VLĊ RSRZLDVWNRP R SU]\URG]LH F]\ KLVWRULL &]DVHP QDZHW NVLąĪND MXĪ QLH Z\VWDUF]\ :yZF]DV ĞZLHWQ\P SRP\VáHP QD
L
VSĊG]HQLH ZVSyOQLH F]DVX L ZVSDUFLH UR]ZRMX G]LHFND Vą NUHDW\ZQH ]DEDZ\
6HUGHF]QLH ]DFKĊFDP\ 3DĔVWZD GR ]DSR]QDQLD VLĊ ] QDV]ą RIHUWą Z WHM NDWHJRULL







=DEDZNL NUHDW\ZQH
6.$5%21.$ .5Ð:.$

3/1 =GRELHQLH SLDVNLHP
'į81*/$
3/1






=HVWDZ\ NUHDW\ZQH
0$6., .$51$:$â2:(
3/1




=GRELHQLH FHNLQDPL 3X]]OH 67$7., V]W
:5Ðį., 3/1

3/1
3X]]OH '2'$:$1,(
, 2'(-02:$1,(

3/1






=DEDZNL NUHDW\ZQH 38==/( .2/25<
'=:21., :,(75=1( =HVWDZ ] NUHGNDPL
3/1 3/1


/LWWOH %LJ 6KRS *GDĔVN 3ROVND
6NRQWDNWXM VLĊ ] QDPL
( PDLO ELXUR#OLWWOHELJVKRS SO


Í $Í$

']LHFL Z ZLHNX GR ODW Vą EDUG]LHM Z\PDJDMąFH QLĪ PáRGV]H 0DOXFK\ V]\ENR VLĊ QXG]ą D SURVWH ]DEDZ\ VDPRFKRGHP F]\
SOXV]DNLHP WR ]D PDáR 'ODWHJR WHĪ SURSRQXMHP\ 3DĔVWZX JUXSĊ ]DEDZHN NWyUD SREXG]L Z\REUDĨQLĊ NLONXODWND L ]DLQWHUHVXMH JR QD
GáXĪHM :\NOHMDQLH SLDVNLHP F]\ FHNLQDPL Z\PDJD FDáNLHP GREUHM VSUDZQRĞFL GáRQL L VDP\FK SDOXV]NyZ
'
']LHFL UR]ZLMDMą VLĊ QLH]Z\NOH LQWHQV\ZQLH Z W\P SU]HG]LDOH ZLHNRZ\P ]DGDMą PQyVWZR S\WDĔ L Vą FLHNDZH ĞZLDWD =D]Z\F]DM VSUDZQLH ]LHFL UR]ZLMDMą VLĊ QLH]Z\NOH LQWHQV\ZQLH Z W\P SU]HG]LDOH ZLHNRZ\P ]DGDMą PQyVWZR S\WDĔ L Vą FLHNDZH ĞZLDWD =D]Z\F]DM VSUDZQLH
VLĊ SRUXV]D ELHJD VNDF]H L PD PLOLRQ SRP\VáyZ F]ĊĞü ] QLFK PRĪH VLĊ VNRĔF]\ü JURĨQ\P XSDGNLHP 'ODWHJR ZDUWR XĞZLDGDPLDü
G]LHFLRP NRQVHNZHQFMH WDNLFK ]DFKRZDĔ L üZLF]\ü VSUDZQRĞü PDQXDOQą :VND]DQH Vą ZV]HONLH ]DEDZ\ NWyUH DNW\ZXMą UĊFH NLONXODWND
3ODVWHOLQRZH SUDFH Z\FLQDQLH SU]\NOHMDQLH NRUDOLNyZ ĞZLHWQLH VW\PXOXMą UR]ZyM SV\FKRPRWRU\F]Q\ G]LHFND
.LONXODWNL UyZQRF]HĞQLH GR UR]ZRMX IL]\F]QHJR EDUG]R LQWHQV\ZQLH UR]ZLMDMą VLĊ LQWHOHNWXDOQLH SR]QDMą ĞZLDW XZLHOELDMą HNVSHU\PHQW\
L SU]\VáXFKXMą VLĊ RSRZLDVWNRP R SU]\URG]LH F]\ KLVWRULL &]DVHP QDZHW NVLąĪND MXĪ QLH Z\VWDUF] SU]\VáXFKXMą VLĊ RSRZLDVWNRP R SU]\URG]LH F]\ KLVWRULL &]DVHP QDZHW NVLąĪND MXĪ QLH Z\VWDUF]\ :yZF]DV ĞZLHWQ\P SRP\VáHP QD
L
VSĊG]HQLH ZVSyOQLH F]DVX L ZVSDUFLH UR]ZRMX G]LHFND Vą NUHDW\ZQH ]DEDZ\
6HUGHF]QLH ]DFKĊFDP\ 3DĔVWZD GR ]DSR]QDQLD VLĊ ] QDV]ą RIHUWą Z WHM NDWHJRULL







=DEDZNL NUHDW\ZQH
6.$5%21.$ .5Ð:.$

3/1 =GRELHQLH SLDVNLHP
'į81*/$
3/1






=HVWDZ\ NUHDW\ZQH
0$6., .$51$:$â2:(
3/1




=GRELHQLH FHNLQDPL 3X]]OH 67$7., V]W
:5Ðį., 3/1

3/1
3X]]OH '2'$:$1,(
, 2'(-02:$1,(

3/1






=DEDZNL NUHDW\ZQH 38==/( .2/25<
'=:21., :,(75=1( =HVWDZ ] NUHGNDPL
3/1 3/1


/LWWOH %LJ 6KRS *GDĔVN 3ROVND
6NRQWDNWXM VLĊ ] QDPL
( PDLO ELXUR#OLWWOHELJVKRS SO


Í $Í$









'(7(.7<: %=,.




$XWRU $QQD 3DV]NLHZLF]
LOXVWUDFMH $OHNVDQGUD -DPUR×NLHZLF]
IRUPDW [ PP
XXX XZEBXOJDUXP BMFHPSJB QM REMÇWRÐÅ VWURQ\
2SUDZD PLÇNND
,TJŞƁLJ EMB E[JFDJ J N’PE[JFƁZ ,6%1 &(1$ 2.à$'.2:$

: :\GDQLH , :DUV]DZD

1 VCMJLVKFNZ H’ØXOJF LTJnjȈLJ EMB E[JFDJ J N’PE[JFȈZ BMF P EPSPT’ZDI OJF [BQPNJOBNZ /BT[ZN DFMFN KFTU
EPTUBSD[BOJF LTJnjȈFL QJǗLOZDI NnjESZDI OJFCBOBMOZDI ;BMFȈZ OBN BCZ T’VȈZ’Z OJF UZMLP SP[SZXDF BMF
UBLȈF FEVLBDKJ [BSØXOP QPQS[F[ [BXBSUF X OJDI USFǴDJ KBL J LT[UB’U BSUZTUZD[OZ
8TQؒQSBDVKFNZ [ XJFMPNB V[OBOZNJ UXØSDBNJ MFD[ OJF TUSPOJNZ PE EFCJVUBOUØX /JF CPJNZ TJǗ USVEOZDI
XZ[XBǩ T[VLBNZ VUXPSØX LUØSF X OPXZ B XJǗD OJF OVEOZ TQPTØC QSPQBHPXBǎ CǗEnj XBSUPǴDJ
OJFQS[FNJKBKnjDF NJ’PǴǎ EPCSPǎ VD[DJXPǴǎ MPKBMOPǴǎ PEXBHǗ XJFSOPǴǎ T[MBDIFUOPǴǎ
: PDÊHM L EDUG]R PDÊR ]QDQHM ZLRVFH å .XU]DÊNDFK 'ROQ\FK å SR]RUQLH QLH G]LHMH VLÇ QLF
8JFS[ZNZ ȈF D[ZUBOJF KFTU ȇSØE’FN NZǴMFOJB TUZNVMVKF LSFBUZXOPǴǎ J VXBMOJB UXØSD[Z QPUFODKB’
8 QDG]Z\F]DMQHJR :V]\VWNR REUDFD VLÇ ZRNµÊ SHZQHM NXU]HM IHUP\ QDOH×ÃFHM GR WDPWHMV]HJR VRÊW\VD
8JFS[ZNZ ȈF X EPCJF vDZGSZ[BDKJw LTJnjȈLB XDJnjȈ QP[PTUBKF OBKXBȈOJFKT[ZN OPǴOJLJFN LVMUVSZ $ MHGQDN QDZHW WDP ]QDMG]LH VLÇ ]DMÇFLH GOD SU]HGVLÇELRUF]HJR NRJXWD NWµUHPX ]QXG]LÊR VLÇ E\FLH
Z\VWDZRZ\P FKDPSLRQHP å MH×G×HQLH ] Z\VWDZ\ QD Z\VWDZÇ QLH MHVW HNVF\WXMÃF\P ]DMÇFLHP NLHG\ PD
8ZEBXOJDUXP "MFHPSJB TQ [ P P VLÇ XP\VÊ E\VWU\ L XPLHMÇWQRÐFL GHGXNF\MQH :SUDZG]LH %]LNRZL QLH SU]\MG]LH PLHU]\Å VLÇ ] JURÕQ\PL

VM 6TZOPXTLB MPL 8BST[BXB SU]HVWÇSFDPL DOH QDZHW QLHNRQLHF]QLH NU\PLQDOQD ]DJDGND MHVW ]DJDGNÃ NWµUÃ WU]HED XPLHÅ
Z\MDÐQLÅ $ SRZLHG]HQLH ×H NXU\ VÃ JÊXSLH RND×H VLÇ PRFQR NU]\ZG]ÃFH 'OD NXU U]HF] MDVQD
XZEBXOJDUXP!XZEBXOJDUXP BMFHPSJB QM
5FMFGPO E[JB’ TQS[FEBȈZ




-$%É.2 , 0,Æ7$ : 35=('6=.2/8
.6,ÆÖ1,&=.$ '(7(.7<: *•5$

&=$512.6,ÆÖ1,.$ $66$ 7$5$66$ $XWRU .U\VW\QD ÏPLJLHOVND

LOXVWUDFMH (ZHOLQD -DÐODQ .OLVLN
IRUPDW [ PP
7HNVW L LOXVWUDFMH 7RPDV] 0LQNLHZLF]
REMÇWRÐÅ VWURQ
OD\RXW 6WXGLR .DUDQGDV]
IRUPDW [ PP 2SUDZD WZDUGD
REMÇWRÐÅ VWURQ\ &(1$ 2.à$'.2:$ ,6%1 &(1$ 2.à$'.2:$
: :\GDQLH , :DUV]DZD
: :\GDQLH , :DUV]DZD

2SUDZD WZDUGD

,6%1





%\ÊD VRELH UD] NVLÇ×QLF]ND NWµUD VLÇ QLJG\ QLH QXG]LÊDð &R OXELà G]LHFL" 2F]\ZLÐFLH EDZLÅ VLÇ $ FR MHV]F]H" =DMDGDÅ VPDNRÊ\NL ELHJDÅ VNDNDÅ WDSODÅ
$ GODF]HJR VLÇ QLH QXG]LÊD" %R MDNR ]DÊR×\FLHOND 6WRZDU]\V]HQLD .VLÇ×QLF]HN 'HWHNW\ZµZ VLÇ Z ZRG]LHð 1R GREU]H DOH FR WDN QDSUDZGÇ OXELà QDMEDUG]LHM" 1DMEDUG]LHM OXELà PµZLÅ
]DZV]H E\ÊD EDUG]R ]DMÇWD UR]ZLÃ]\ZDQLHP ]DJDGHN L PUR×ÃF\FK NUHZ Z ×\ÊDFK WDMHPQLF &R" 2SRZLDGDÅ L S\WDÅ 1LH LQDF]HM MHVW ] (Oà -DEÊNR GOD NWµUHM ND×G\ SRZUµW ] SU]HGV]NROD MHVW
1LH ZLHU]\FLH ×H PDOXWND NVLÇ×QLF]ND PR×H E\Å GRVNRQDÊ\P GHWHNW\ZHP QLHXVWUDV]RQ\P RND]Mà GR UR]PRZ\ ] PDPà 'R G]LHOHQLD VLÇ ] QLà VZRLPL ZUD×HQLDPL ] NROHMQHJR GQLD
SRJURPFÃ ZV]HONLHM PDÐFL ]ÊRF]\ÌFµZ ERKDWHUVNÃ REURÌF]\QLÃ VÊDE\FK L SRNU]\ZG]RQ\FK" VSÇG]RQHJR ] UµZLHÐQLNDPL ] SU]HGV]NROQHM JUXS\ $ ZÐUµG QLFK SU\P ZLHG]LH '\]LR 0LÇWD
0R×H EH] QDMPQLHMV]\FK ZÃWSOLZRÐFL QDMZLÇNV]\ SU]\MDFLHO (OL = W\FK SRJDZÇGHN Z\ÊDQLD VLÇ SLÇNQ\ G]LHFLÇF\ ÐZLDW SHÊHQ XÐPLHFKX
DOH WH× UR]WHUHN L S\WDÌ QD NWµUH PÃGUD PDPD ]DZV]H ]QDMG]LH RGSRZLHGÕ

'(7(.7<: %=,.




$XWRU $QQD 3DV]NLHZLF]
LOXVWUDFMH $OHNVDQGUD -DPUR×NLHZLF]
IRUPDW [ PP
XXX XZEBXOJDUXP BMFHPSJB QM REMÇWRÐÅ VWURQ\
2SUDZD PLÇNND
,TJŞƁLJ EMB E[JFDJ J N’PE[JFƁZ ,6%1 &(1$ 2.à$'.2:$

: :\GDQLH , :DUV]DZD

1 VCMJLVKFNZ H’ØXOJF LTJnjȈLJ EMB E[JFDJ J N’PE[JFȈZ BMF P EPSPT’ZDI OJF [BQPNJOBNZ /BT[ZN DFMFN KFTU
EPTUBSD[BOJF LTJnjȈFL QJǗLOZDI NnjESZDI OJFCBOBMOZDI ;BMFȈZ OBN BCZ T’VȈZ’Z OJF UZMLP SP[SZXDF BMF
UBLȈF FEVLBDKJ [BSØXOP QPQS[F[ [BXBSUF X OJDI USFǴDJ KBL J LT[UB’U BSUZTUZD[OZ
8TQؒQSBDVKFNZ [ XJFMPNB V[OBOZNJ UXØSDBNJ MFD[ OJF TUSPOJNZ PE EFCJVUBOUØX /JF CPJNZ TJǗ USVEOZDI
XZ[XBǩ T[VLBNZ VUXPSØX LUØSF X OPXZ B XJǗD OJF OVEOZ TQPTØC QSPQBHPXBǎ CǗEnj XBSUPǴDJ
OJFQS[FNJKBKnjDF NJ’PǴǎ EPCSPǎ VD[DJXPǴǎ MPKBMOPǴǎ PEXBHǗ XJFSOPǴǎ T[MBDIFUOPǴǎ
: PDÊHM L EDUG]R PDÊR ]QDQHM ZLRVFH å .XU]DÊNDFK 'ROQ\FK å SR]RUQLH QLH G]LHMH VLÇ QLF
8JFS[ZNZ ȈF D[ZUBOJF KFTU ȇSØE’FN NZǴMFOJB TUZNVMVKF LSFBUZXOPǴǎ J VXBMOJB UXØSD[Z QPUFODKB’
8 QDG]Z\F]DMQHJR :V]\VWNR REUDFD VLÇ ZRNµÊ SHZQHM NXU]HM IHUP\ QDOH×ÃFHM GR WDPWHMV]HJR VRÊW\VD
8JFS[ZNZ ȈF X EPCJF vDZGSZ[BDKJw LTJnjȈLB XDJnjȈ QP[PTUBKF OBKXBȈOJFKT[ZN OPǴOJLJFN LVMUVSZ $ MHGQDN QDZHW WDP ]QDMG]LH VLÇ ]DMÇFLH GOD SU]HGVLÇELRUF]HJR NRJXWD NWµUHPX ]QXG]LÊR VLÇ E\FLH
Z\VWDZRZ\P FKDPSLRQHP å MH×G×HQLH ] Z\VWDZ\ QD Z\VWDZÇ QLH MHVW HNVF\WXMÃF\P ]DMÇFLHP NLHG\ PD
8ZEBXOJDUXP "MFHPSJB TQ [ P P VLÇ XP\VÊ E\VWU\ L XPLHMÇWQRÐFL GHGXNF\MQH :SUDZG]LH %]LNRZL QLH SU]\MG]LH PLHU]\Å VLÇ ] JURÕQ\PL

VM 6TZOPXTLB MPL 8BST[BXB SU]HVWÇSFDPL DOH QDZHW QLHNRQLHF]QLH NU\PLQDOQD ]DJDGND MHVW ]DJDGNÃ NWµUÃ WU]HED XPLHÅ
Z\MDÐQLÅ $ SRZLHG]HQLH ×H NXU\ VÃ JÊXSLH RND×H VLÇ PRFQR NU]\ZG]ÃFH 'OD NXU U]HF] MDVQD
XZEBXOJDUXP!XZEBXOJDUXP BMFHPSJB QM
5FMFGPO E[JB’ TQS[FEBȈZ




-$%É.2 , 0,Æ7$ : 35=('6=.2/8
.6,ÆÖ1,&=.$ '(7(.7<: *•5$

&=$512.6,ÆÖ1,.$ $66$ 7$5$66$ $XWRU .U\VW\QD ÏPLJLHOVND

LOXVWUDFMH (ZHOLQD -DÐODQ .OLVLN
IRUPDW [ PP
7HNVW L LOXVWUDFMH 7RPDV] 0LQNLHZLF]
REMÇWRÐÅ VWURQ
OD\RXW 6WXGLR .DUDQGDV]
IRUPDW [ PP 2SUDZD WZDUGD
REMÇWRÐÅ VWURQ\ &(1$ 2.à$'.2:$ ,6%1 &(1$ 2.à$'.2:$
: :\GDQLH , :DUV]DZD
: :\GDQLH , :DUV]DZD

2SUDZD WZDUGD

,6%1





%\ÊD VRELH UD] NVLÇ×QLF]ND NWµUD VLÇ QLJG\ QLH QXG]LÊDð &R OXELà G]LHFL" 2F]\ZLÐFLH EDZLÅ VLÇ $ FR MHV]F]H" =DMDGDÅ VPDNRÊ\NL ELHJDÅ VNDNDÅ WDSODÅ
$ GODF]HJR VLÇ QLH QXG]LÊD" %R MDNR ]DÊR×\FLHOND 6WRZDU]\V]HQLD .VLÇ×QLF]HN 'HWHNW\ZµZ VLÇ Z ZRG]LHð 1R GREU]H DOH FR WDN QDSUDZGÇ OXELà QDMEDUG]LHM" 1DMEDUG]LHM OXELà PµZLÅ
]DZV]H E\ÊD EDUG]R ]DMÇWD UR]ZLÃ]\ZDQLHP ]DJDGHN L PUR×ÃF\FK NUHZ Z ×\ÊDFK WDMHPQLF &R" 2SRZLDGDÅ L S\WDÅ 1LH LQDF]HM MHVW ] (Oà -DEÊNR GOD NWµUHM ND×G\ SRZUµW ] SU]HGV]NROD MHVW
1LH ZLHU]\FLH ×H PDOXWND NVLÇ×QLF]ND PR×H E\Å GRVNRQDÊ\P GHWHNW\ZHP QLHXVWUDV]RQ\P RND]Mà GR UR]PRZ\ ] PDPà 'R G]LHOHQLD VLÇ ] QLà VZRLPL ZUD×HQLDPL ] NROHMQHJR GQLD
SRJURPFÃ ZV]HONLHM PDÐFL ]ÊRF]\ÌFµZ ERKDWHUVNÃ REURÌF]\QLÃ VÊDE\FK L SRNU]\ZG]RQ\FK" VSÇG]RQHJR ] UµZLHÐQLNDPL ] SU]HGV]NROQHM JUXS\ $ ZÐUµG QLFK SU\P ZLHG]LH '\]LR 0LÇWD
0R×H EH] QDMPQLHMV]\FK ZÃWSOLZRÐFL QDMZLÇNV]\ SU]\MDFLHO (OL = W\FK SRJDZÇGHN Z\ÊDQLD VLÇ SLÇNQ\ G]LHFLÇF\ ÐZLDW SHÊHQ XÐPLHFKX
DOH WH× UR]WHUHN L S\WDÌ QD NWµUH PÃGUD PDPD ]DZV]H ]QDMG]LH RGSRZLHGÕ

8VSR WOēEHER] NIHRSVE^S[] RSGRMO HPE H^MIGM


,H] XSEPIXE NIWX RMIHSWXéTRE VS^[MÒ^YNI TVSFPIQ ^EēEX[MERME TSXV^IF
ǻ^NSPSKMG^R]GL TV^I^ H^MIGM [ QMINWGEGL TYFPMG^R]GL PYF [ TSHV¾ŏ]



87;&Ē=






0Ē&)&3= '*>5.*(>3=
. 0425&084;= . 3.*>&;4)3=













Ē&8;= 57&08=(>3=
; 9Ŏ=(.9 . +930(/43&13=




*0414,.(>3=






3MI^[]OPI W SPMHR]
9XV^]QYNI REGMWO OK 5SVéG^R] M TV^IRSĮR]

0SRWXVYOGNE RSGRMOE 8743 ^SWXEēE WOVYTYPEXRMI 5VSWX] M ēEX[] [ Yŏ]GMY
TV^IFEHERE TV^I^ RMI^EPIŏR] .RWX]XYX
2EXIVMEē¾[ M 0SRWXVYOGNM 'YHS[PER]GL /IHRSVE^S[] RSGRMO 8743 NIWX RMI^[]OPI TVEOX]G^R]
5 > ēEX[SĮGMÒ QMIĮGM WMé [ HEQWOMIN XSVIFGI G^]
5SPMXIGLRMOM 0VEOS[WOMIN ;]RMOM FEHEĕ []OE^Eē]
ŏI VS^ēSŏSR] 8743 FI^ TVSFPIQY []XV^]QYNI [ WTSHRMEGL ; TSV¾[RERMY HS MRR]GL VS^[MÒ^Eĕ
RSGRMOSGRMO 8743 TS^[EPE RE NIKS Yŏ]GMI FI^ TSXV^IF]
REGMWO OK E TV^] ^[MéOW^ERMY SFGMÒŏIRME R
REWXéTYNI OSRXVSPS[ERI ^KRMEXERMI TēEW^G^]^R []OSR][ERME WOSQTPMOS[ER]GL G^]RRSĮGM TV^] NIKS
TMSRS[]GL WXIPEŏY RSGRMOE VS^OēEHERMY M WOēEHERMY





> WYTIVGLēSRRÒ [OēEHOÒ
OYXIG^RMI TSGLēERME Tē]R] M IPMQMRYNI ^ETEGL]

3SGRMO NIWX PIOOM QEē] TSWMEHE FMSHIKVEHS[EPR]
WYTIVGLēSRR] TSPMQIVS[] [OēEH &5 OX¾V] NIWX GIRMSR]
TV^IHI [W^]WXOMQ ^I [^KPéHY RE W[SNÒ RMI^[]OēÒ ^HSPRSĮÔ
[GLēERMERME Tē]R¾[ M RMITV^]NIQR]GL ^ETEGL¾[ YP SēX]WS[WOE & 0VEO¾[
)^MéOM ^MéOM XIQY TVSGIW EFWSVTGNM M ^IWXEPERME REWXéTYNI
) XIPIJSR
NYŏ [ QSQIRGMI OSRXEOXY ^ Tē]RIQ PYF WYFWXERGNEQM
QMéOOMQM ;MIPOSĮÔ [OēEHOM Yŏ]XE [ NIHRSVE^S[]Q ƵƵƵţƋųŅĹţåƚţÎŅĵ
RSGRMOY 8743 NIWX [ WXERMI TSGLēSRÒÔ QP GMIG^]
[ GMÒKY WIOYRH MRJS%XVSR IY GSQ

8VSR WOēEHER] NIHRSVE^S[] RSGRMO HPE H^MIGM


,H] XSEPIXE NIWX RMIHSWXéTRE VS^[MÒ^YNI TVSFPIQ ^EēEX[MERME TSXV^IF
ǻ^NSPSKMG^R]GL TV^I^ H^MIGM [ QMINWGEGL TYFPMG^R]GL PYF [ TSHV¾ŏ]



87;&Ē=






0Ē&)&3= '*>5.*(>3=
. 0425&084;= . 3.*>&;4)3=













Ē&8;= 57&08=(>3=
; 9Ŏ=(.9 . +930(/43&13=




*0414,.(>3=






3MI^[]OPI W SPMHR]
9XV^]QYNI REGMWO OK 5SVéG^R] M TV^IRSĮR]

0SRWXVYOGNE RSGRMOE 8743 ^SWXEēE WOVYTYPEXRMI 5VSWX] M ēEX[] [ Yŏ]GMY
TV^IFEHERE TV^I^ RMI^EPIŏR] .RWX]XYX
2EXIVMEē¾[ M 0SRWXVYOGNM 'YHS[PER]GL /IHRSVE^S[] RSGRMO 8743 NIWX RMI^[]OPI TVEOX]G^R]
5 > ēEX[SĮGMÒ QMIĮGM WMé [ HEQWOMIN XSVIFGI G^]
5SPMXIGLRMOM 0VEOS[WOMIN ;]RMOM FEHEĕ []OE^Eē]
ŏI VS^ēSŏSR] 8743 FI^ TVSFPIQY []XV^]QYNI [ WTSHRMEGL ; TSV¾[RERMY HS MRR]GL VS^[MÒ^Eĕ
RSGRMOSGRMO 8743 TS^[EPE RE NIKS Yŏ]GMI FI^ TSXV^IF]
REGMWO OK E TV^] ^[MéOW^ERMY SFGMÒŏIRME R
REWXéTYNI OSRXVSPS[ERI ^KRMEXERMI TēEW^G^]^R []OSR][ERME WOSQTPMOS[ER]GL G^]RRSĮGM TV^] NIKS
TMSRS[]GL WXIPEŏY RSGRMOE VS^OēEHERMY M WOēEHERMY





> WYTIVGLēSRRÒ [OēEHOÒ
OYXIG^RMI TSGLēERME Tē]R] M IPMQMRYNI ^ETEGL]

3SGRMO NIWX PIOOM QEē] TSWMEHE FMSHIKVEHS[EPR]
WYTIVGLēSRR] TSPMQIVS[] [OēEH &5 OX¾V] NIWX GIRMSR]
TV^IHI [W^]WXOMQ ^I [^KPéHY RE W[SNÒ RMI^[]OēÒ ^HSPRSĮÔ
[GLēERMERME Tē]R¾[ M RMITV^]NIQR]GL ^ETEGL¾[ YP SēX]WS[WOE & 0VEO¾[
)^MéOM ^MéOM XIQY TVSGIW EFWSVTGNM M ^IWXEPERME REWXéTYNI
) XIPIJSR
NYŏ [ QSQIRGMI OSRXEOXY ^ Tē]RIQ PYF WYFWXERGNEQM
QMéOOMQM ;MIPOSĮÔ [OēEHOM Yŏ]XE [ NIHRSVE^S[]Q ƵƵƵţƋųŅĹţåƚţÎŅĵ
RSGRMOY 8743 NIWX [ WXERMI TSGLēSRÒÔ QP GMIG^]
[ GMÒKY WIOYRH MRJS%XVSR IY GSQ

‹ Œ‡•–‡ä›ǫ



ƒƒƒ ‹†• ’ƒ…Š‹‡ „ƒƒƒ‹ ‹ Œ‡äŽ‹ …Š‘…‹ƒĂ ƒ ‘‡– œƒ‹‡•œ ‘…œ›ǡ œ‘„ƒ…œ›•œ ƒŽ‹ˆ‘”‹¸
‹ †œ‹‡…‹ „‹‡‰ƒŒ¦…‡ ’‘ ’ŽƒĂ›Ǥ
Š…‡›ǡ DŽ› ƒ•œ‡ †œ‹‡…‹ …œ—Ï› ™‹ƒ–” ™‡ ™Ï‘•ƒ…Šǡ •Ï‘Ñ…‡ ƒ „—œ‹ƒ…Š ‹ •Ï›•œƒÏ› •œ— ˆƒŽǤ
—„‹› ’ƒ–”œ‡© ƒ •œ…œ¸äŽ‹™‡ †œ‹‡…‹ǡ ƒ œƒ„ƒ™¸ǡ ƒ ”ƒ†‘ä©Ǥ –‡Ă …Š…‡› •Ï›•œ‡© •œ— ˆƒŽǡ
œƒ‰Ï—•œƒ› ’”œ‡œ 䏋‡…ŠǤ


ƒ…› Œ‡•–‡ä›ǫ




ƒƒƒ ‹†• Œ‡•– ™‡•‘σ Œƒ †œ‹‡…‹ œ ƒ–—”›ǡ ’‘‰‘†ƒ ‹ ‘†™ƒĂƒǤ †œ‹‡ •™‘Œ¦ †”‘‰¦ǡ ƒ–—”ƒŽ‹‡
‹ •™‘„‘†‹‡Ǥ ‡•– ’‡Ïƒ Ž—œ—Ǥ
œ‹‡…‹ ™ ƒ•œ›…Š —„”ƒ‹ƒ…Š œ‹‡”œƒŒ¦ ™ ’‘†•‘ƒ…Š ™ •–”‘¸ ‘•œƒŽƒ…‹‡Œ ‡Ž‡‰ƒ…Œ‹ǡ •–›Ž‘™‡‰‘
‹‡Ïƒ†—ǡ ”ƒ†‘•‡Œ –™×”…œ‘ä…‹Ǥ „‹‡”ƒ› †œ‹‡…‹ ƒŽ‡ ‹ ‹‡ ’”œ‡•œƒ†œƒ› ™ „›…‹— •‘„¦Ǥ ƒƒƒ ‹†•
–‘ †œ‹‡…‹ ’‡Ï‡ ƒ–—”ƒŽ‡Œ ‡•’”‡•Œ‹Ǥ

‹ Œ‡•–‡ä›ǫ



ƒƒƒ ‹†• ’ƒ…Š‹‡ „ƒƒƒ‹ ‹ Œ‡äŽ‹ …Š‘…‹ƒĂ ƒ ‘‡– œƒ‹‡•œ ‘…œ›ǡ œ‘„ƒ…œ›•œ ƒŽ‹ˆ‘”‹¸
‹ †œ‹‡…‹ „‹‡‰ƒŒ¦…‡ ’‘ ’ŽƒĂ›Ǥ
Š…‡›ǡ DŽ› ƒ•œ‡ †œ‹‡…‹ …œ—Ï› ™‹ƒ–” ™‡ ™Ï‘•ƒ…Šǡ •Ï‘Ñ…‡ ƒ „—œ‹ƒ…Š ‹ •Ï›•œƒÏ› •œ— ˆƒŽǤ
—„‹› ’ƒ–”œ‡© ƒ •œ…œ¸äŽ‹™‡ †œ‹‡…‹ǡ ƒ œƒ„ƒ™¸ǡ ƒ ”ƒ†‘ä©Ǥ –‡Ă …Š…‡› •Ï›•œ‡© •œ— ˆƒŽǡ
œƒ‰Ï—•œƒ› ’”œ‡œ 䏋‡…ŠǤ


ƒ…› Œ‡•–‡ä›ǫ




ƒƒƒ ‹†• Œ‡•– ™‡•‘σ Œƒ †œ‹‡…‹ œ ƒ–—”›ǡ ’‘‰‘†ƒ ‹ ‘†™ƒĂƒǤ †œ‹‡ •™‘Œ¦ †”‘‰¦ǡ ƒ–—”ƒŽ‹‡
‹ •™‘„‘†‹‡Ǥ ‡•– ’‡Ïƒ Ž—œ—Ǥ
œ‹‡…‹ ™ ƒ•œ›…Š —„”ƒ‹ƒ…Š œ‹‡”œƒŒ¦ ™ ’‘†•‘ƒ…Š ™ •–”‘¸ ‘•œƒŽƒ…‹‡Œ ‡Ž‡‰ƒ…Œ‹ǡ •–›Ž‘™‡‰‘
‹‡Ïƒ†—ǡ ”ƒ†‘•‡Œ –™×”…œ‘ä…‹Ǥ „‹‡”ƒ› †œ‹‡…‹ ƒŽ‡ ‹ ‹‡ ’”œ‡•œƒ†œƒ› ™ „›…‹— •‘„¦Ǥ ƒƒƒ ‹†•
–‘ †œ‹‡…‹ ’‡Ï‡ ƒ–—”ƒŽ‡Œ ‡•’”‡•Œ‹Ǥ

ƒ ’”ƒ…—Œ‡›ǫ




•œ›•–‹‡ —„”ƒ‹ƒ •¦ –‡•–‘™ƒ‡ ’”œ‡œ †œ‹‡…‹ ‹ ‹…Š —™ƒ‰‹ ™”ƒœ œ‡ •’‘•–”œ‡Ă‡‹ƒ‹ †‘”‘•Ï›…Š •¦ ™ƒĂ›‹ ™•ƒœ×™ƒ‹ ’”œ› ’”‘Œ‡–‘™ƒ‹— ‹ ’”‘†—…Œ‹Ǥ ‘†•–ƒ™¦ ƒ•œ‡‰‘

†œ‹ƒÏƒ‹ƒ Œ‡•– ”‡ƒ–›™‘ä©ǡ •‘Ž‹†‘ä© ‹ ’”ƒ…ƒ ƒ† †‘•‘ƒŽ‡‹‡ ƒĂ†‡‰‘ œ ƒÏ›…Š •œ…œ‡‰×Ïי ™›‘Ñ…œ‡‹ƒ —„”ƒÑǤ
„‹‡”ƒ› †œ‹‡…‹ –ƒǡ Œƒ •ƒ‹ •‹¸ —„‹‡”ƒ›Ǥ ”‘†——Œ‡› —„”ƒ‹ƒ ’”œ›Œƒœ‡ 䔑†‘™‹•—ǡ „‘ 䙋ƒ–ǡ ™ –×”› ی‡› Œ‡•– –›Ž‘ ’‘Ă›…œ‘› ‘† ƒ•œ›…Š †œ‹‡…‹ǡ ‹‡†›ä ‹ ‰‘ ’”œ‡ƒĂ‡›Ǥ
…œ›› †œ‹‡…‹ •œƒ…—— †Žƒ ‹›…Šǡ †Žƒ 䔑†‘™‹•ƒǡ †Žƒ 䙋ƒ–ƒǤ…œ›› †œ‹‡…‹ •œƒ…—— †Žƒ ‹›…Šǡ †Žƒ 䔑†‘™‹•ƒǡ †Žƒ 䙋ƒ–ƒǤ …œ›› †œ‹‡…‹ǡ Ç ’‘™‹› ™‹‡”œ›© ™ •‹‡„‹‡ ‹ ’‘†¦Ăƒ© œƒ ƒ”œ‡‹ƒ‹ǡ „‘ ’”‘†—‘™ƒ‹‡ —„”ƒÑ Œ‡•– ƒ•œ›

•’‡Ï‹‘› ƒ”œ‡‹‡Ǥ „”ƒ‹ƒ ƒƒƒ ‹†• •¦ „ƒ”†œ‘ „‡œ’‹‡…œ‡ Ǧ ‹‡ œƒ™‹‡”ƒŒ¦ –‘•›…œ›…Š •—„•–ƒ…Œ‹ …Š‡‹…œ›…Šǡ •¦ —•œ›–‡ œ ™‹‡Ž¦ •–ƒ”ƒ‘ä…‹¦ Ǧ › –‡Ă ‹‡ Ž—„‹›
‰”›œ¦…›…Š ‡–‡ǡ ™‹¸… ‹‡ ™•œ›™ƒ› ‹…Š †‘ —„”ƒÑ †œ‹‡…‹¸…›…ŠǤ †„ƒÏ‘ä…‹¦ ’‘†…Š‘†œ‹› †‘ ™•œ›™ƒ›…Š ‰—œ‹×™ ‹ œƒ×™ǡ „‘ †Žƒ ƒ• 䙋ƒ†…œ› –‘ ‘ ’‘ƒ†’”œ‡…‹¸–‡Œ Œƒ‘ä…‹Ǥ






































ƒ†œ™‘Ñ ‘††œ‹ƒÏ …œ‡™ǣ ή ͜͠ ͘͞͡ ͙͙͡ ͘͜͜
ƒ†œ™‘Ñ •Ž‡’ †›‹ƒ ȋ Ȍǣ ή ͜͠ ͛͛͟ ͚͘͞ ͜͜͝
„•Ï—‰ƒ ‘††œ‹ƒÏ …œ‡™ǣ ’ǤǦ ’–Ǥ ͠ǣ͘͘ Ǧ ͙͞ǣ͘͘
„•Ï—‰ƒ •Ž‡’ †›‹ƒ ǣ ’ǤȂ •‘„Ǥ ͡ǣ͘͘Ǧ ͚͙ǣ͘͘Ǥ ‹‡†œ‹‡Žƒǣ ͙͘ǣ͘͘ Ǧ ͚͘ǣ͘͘












‘–ƒ–̻„ƒƒƒ‹†•Ǥ’Ž ȁ ™™™Ǥ„ƒƒƒ‹†•Ǥ’Ž




O  * ͚͘ά Ǥ Ǥ

ƒ ’”ƒ…—Œ‡›ǫ




•œ›•–‹‡ —„”ƒ‹ƒ •¦ –‡•–‘™ƒ‡ ’”œ‡œ †œ‹‡…‹ ‹ ‹…Š —™ƒ‰‹ ™”ƒœ œ‡ •’‘•–”œ‡Ă‡‹ƒ‹ †‘”‘•Ï›…Š •¦ ™ƒĂ›‹ ™•ƒœ×™ƒ‹ ’”œ› ’”‘Œ‡–‘™ƒ‹— ‹ ’”‘†—…Œ‹Ǥ ‘†•–ƒ™¦ ƒ•œ‡‰‘

†œ‹ƒÏƒ‹ƒ Œ‡•– ”‡ƒ–›™‘ä©ǡ •‘Ž‹†‘ä© ‹ ’”ƒ…ƒ ƒ† †‘•‘ƒŽ‡‹‡ ƒĂ†‡‰‘ œ ƒÏ›…Š •œ…œ‡‰×Ïי ™›‘Ñ…œ‡‹ƒ —„”ƒÑǤ
„‹‡”ƒ› †œ‹‡…‹ –ƒǡ Œƒ •ƒ‹ •‹¸ —„‹‡”ƒ›Ǥ ”‘†——Œ‡› —„”ƒ‹ƒ ’”œ›Œƒœ‡ 䔑†‘™‹•—ǡ „‘ 䙋ƒ–ǡ ™ –×”› ی‡› Œ‡•– –›Ž‘ ’‘Ă›…œ‘› ‘† ƒ•œ›…Š †œ‹‡…‹ǡ ‹‡†›ä ‹ ‰‘ ’”œ‡ƒĂ‡›Ǥ
…œ›› †œ‹‡…‹ •œƒ…—— †Žƒ ‹›…Šǡ †Žƒ 䔑†‘™‹•ƒǡ †Žƒ 䙋ƒ–ƒǤ…œ›› †œ‹‡…‹ •œƒ…—— †Žƒ ‹›…Šǡ †Žƒ 䔑†‘™‹•ƒǡ †Žƒ 䙋ƒ–ƒǤ …œ›› †œ‹‡…‹ǡ Ç ’‘™‹› ™‹‡”œ›© ™ •‹‡„‹‡ ‹ ’‘†¦Ăƒ© œƒ ƒ”œ‡‹ƒ‹ǡ „‘ ’”‘†—‘™ƒ‹‡ —„”ƒÑ Œ‡•– ƒ•œ›

•’‡Ï‹‘› ƒ”œ‡‹‡Ǥ „”ƒ‹ƒ ƒƒƒ ‹†• •¦ „ƒ”†œ‘ „‡œ’‹‡…œ‡ Ǧ ‹‡ œƒ™‹‡”ƒŒ¦ –‘•›…œ›…Š •—„•–ƒ…Œ‹ …Š‡‹…œ›…Šǡ •¦ —•œ›–‡ œ ™‹‡Ž¦ •–ƒ”ƒ‘ä…‹¦ Ǧ › –‡Ă ‹‡ Ž—„‹›
‰”›œ¦…›…Š ‡–‡ǡ ™‹¸… ‹‡ ™•œ›™ƒ› ‹…Š †‘ —„”ƒÑ †œ‹‡…‹¸…›…ŠǤ †„ƒÏ‘ä…‹¦ ’‘†…Š‘†œ‹› †‘ ™•œ›™ƒ›…Š ‰—œ‹×™ ‹ œƒ×™ǡ „‘ †Žƒ ƒ• 䙋ƒ†…œ› –‘ ‘ ’‘ƒ†’”œ‡…‹¸–‡Œ Œƒ‘ä…‹Ǥ






































ƒ†œ™‘Ñ ‘††œ‹ƒÏ …œ‡™ǣ ή ͜͠ ͘͞͡ ͙͙͡ ͘͜͜
ƒ†œ™‘Ñ •Ž‡’ †›‹ƒ ȋ Ȍǣ ή ͜͠ ͛͛͟ ͚͘͞ ͜͜͝
„•Ï—‰ƒ ‘††œ‹ƒÏ …œ‡™ǣ ’ǤǦ ’–Ǥ ͠ǣ͘͘ Ǧ ͙͞ǣ͘͘
„•Ï—‰ƒ •Ž‡’ †›‹ƒ ǣ ’ǤȂ •‘„Ǥ ͡ǣ͘͘Ǧ ͚͙ǣ͘͘Ǥ ‹‡†œ‹‡Žƒǣ ͙͘ǣ͘͘ Ǧ ͚͘ǣ͘͘












‘–ƒ–̻„ƒƒƒ‹†•Ǥ’Ž ȁ ™™™Ǥ„ƒƒƒ‹†•Ǥ’Ž




O  * ͚͘ά Ǥ Ǥ

8NL. L " H E8 .#LL. HL B L H"8B
.ZL" 38 4#H# ʛ ]#]# 38E . H
ÝēüÐÄ þđÑÄݻѰ âçÀÌȦ ĖÑÌÜÑ ÄÝÄâÄãüçâ
ÀÄÜçô°¼ēÛãēâ ÀĖÑÄđ¼ĖēãÜÑ âçη đē÷üēÝÑĖçđ°½
ÝēüÐÄ Ñ ÛÄÛ ĖđÑÄôĖ·üÜçȦ

ƺǂ B.4
ǂƹ
1DMOHSV]H




]DEDZNL Z VLHFL





L83Z .#LL. HL B L H"8B
.BOţ [BCBXLJ PE SPLV [BKNVKF TJÕ XZTZþLPXÁ E .8 ] - ] X# H]- #H" E BE# . ] # 3

TQS[FEBĸÁ [BCBXFL J BLDFTPSJ¯X EMB E[JFDJ 8 DJÁHV ]°»°đÜÑ L83Z ñçâ°Î°Û· ôçĖđÑÛ°½ đēç»ô°ėãÑÌȤ 3 H]Z4Z NL-8 # HL ɓ . ]
LJMLV MBU VEBþP OBN TJÕ [EPCZà OJF[CÕEOF ÜôÄ°üēđãÄ âēøÝÄãÑÄȤ ÷ñô°đãçø½ â°ãþ°Ýã· LÄô°Ė ÷°âç¼ÐçÀĖÑÜÑ Ė đÑĖÄôþãÜÑÄâ þÝþ»Ñçãē¼Ð
EPėXJBED[FOJF J [FCSBà T[FSPLJF HSPOP PECJPSD¯X Ñ âçüçôē¼Ėã· çô°Ė ÜççôÀēã°¼ÛÌ đĖôçÜçđç Ɏ ñç÷ü°¼Ñ Ė »°ÛÜÑ Ȭ Ý°ĖÄ Ñ 3Äΰ 3°÷ĖēãēȬ âçη
÷áþ¼Ðçđç Ɏ ôþ¼Ðçđ· Ė°ñÄđãѽ â°Ýþ¼Ðçâ âãè÷üđç Ė°»°đēȦ
%[JÕLJ LPOTFLXFODKJ J QS[FNZėMBOFK TFMFLDKJ
ƾƹ
ǂƹ
TQS[FEBXBOZDI BSUZLVþ¯X XFT[MJėNZ EP ėDJTþFK D[Pþ¯XLJ ƽ B.4 Ƽƿ B.4
TQS[FEBXD¯X [BCBXFL [B QPėSFEOJDUXFN "MMFHSP

0 0GFSVKFNZ 1BĀTUXV CBSE[P T[FSPLJ BTPSUZNFOU LU¯SZ
TUBMF QPXJÕLT[B TJÕ P LPMFKOF QP[ZDKF
. -.8 -# -84HLEN- Z,4
ĖMFE[JNZ USFOEZ KFTUFėNZ OB CJFĸÁDP ƻƹƹ . 3 4L9X

;BQSBT[BNZ OB OBT[F BVLDKF .BOţ [BCBXLJ ]°»°đ° ÜÝç¼Ü°âÑ »þÀĖÑ ÜôÄ°üēđãçø½Ȥ
ôçĖđÑÛ° ĖÀçÝãçø¼Ñ â°ãþ°ÝãÄȤ À°ÛÄ
ãÑÄ÷Üçä¼ĖçãÄ âçęÝÑđçø¼Ñ Ñ âçęã° ñçøđÑ̼ѽ
đÑÄÝÄ ÎçÀĖÑã ã° üđèô¼ĖÄÛ Ė°»°đÑÄȩ

ƺƺǂ B.4
ƹƹ












E W 4H NE E BN]]. Ƽ B B#2- ]3Z2- H E# ƻȩ
ƻƺƿ . ɓ 38HL L8X E ,Ä÷ü Ė°»°đã° Ñ ãÑÄñôĖÄđÑÀēđ°Ýã°ȩ
1 ) %".* 8JFTþBXB #JFHBĀTLB ] þãÑÜ°üçđç đēÎÑÌüē¼Ð Ñ ñá°÷ÜѼРñÝ°÷üÑÜçđē¼Ð ñþĖĖÝÑ 3° ñôĖÄ÷þãÑÌüē øôçÀÄÜ ¼ÑÌęÜçø¼ÑȤ ÀĖÑÌÜÑ

1 ) %".* 1VDLB (EZOJB 10-4," âçęã° üđçôĖē½ ĖÀþâÑÄđ°Û·¼Ä üôèÛđēâÑ°ôçđÄ ôÄñÝÑÜÑ ¼ĖÄâþ ÝÄ¼Ñ ãÑÄ ü°â ÎÀĖÑÄ Û· ñçøÝÄ÷ĖȤ °ÝÄ ü°âȤ
ÎÀĖÑÄ ÷°â° ¼Ð¼Äȩ
»þÀçđÝÑ Ėã°ãē¼Ð ã° ¼°áēâ øđÑļÑÄȦ
5FM & NBJM TLMFQ!NBOţ QM
ƻƽ B.4
ǂƹ
XXX NBOţ QM ƺƽǂ B.4
ƹƹ

8NL. L " H E8 .#LL. HL B L H"8B
.ZL" 38 4#H# ʛ ]#]# 38E . H
ÝēüÐÄ þđÑÄݻѰ âçÀÌȦ ĖÑÌÜÑ ÄÝÄâÄãüçâ
ÀÄÜçô°¼ēÛãēâ ÀĖÑÄđ¼ĖēãÜÑ âçη đē÷üēÝÑĖçđ°½
ÝēüÐÄ Ñ ÛÄÛ ĖđÑÄôĖ·üÜçȦ

ƺǂ B.4
ǂƹ
1DMOHSV]H




]DEDZNL Z VLHFL





L83Z .#LL. HL B L H"8B
.BOţ [BCBXLJ PE SPLV [BKNVKF TJÕ XZTZþLPXÁ E .8 ] - ] X# H]- #H" E BE# . ] # 3

TQS[FEBĸÁ [BCBXFL J BLDFTPSJ¯X EMB E[JFDJ 8 DJÁHV ]°»°đÜÑ L83Z ñçâ°Î°Û· ôçĖđÑÛ°½ đēç»ô°ėãÑÌȤ 3 H]Z4Z NL-8 # HL ɓ . ]
LJMLV MBU VEBþP OBN TJÕ [EPCZà OJF[CÕEOF ÜôÄ°üēđãÄ âēøÝÄãÑÄȤ ÷ñô°đãçø½ â°ãþ°Ýã· LÄô°Ė ÷°âç¼ÐçÀĖÑÜÑ Ė đÑĖÄôþãÜÑÄâ þÝþ»Ñçãē¼Ð
EPėXJBED[FOJF J [FCSBà T[FSPLJF HSPOP PECJPSD¯X Ñ âçüçôē¼Ėã· çô°Ė ÜççôÀēã°¼ÛÌ đĖôçÜçđç Ɏ ñç÷ü°¼Ñ Ė »°ÛÜÑ Ȭ Ý°ĖÄ Ñ 3Äΰ 3°÷ĖēãēȬ âçη
÷áþ¼Ðçđç Ɏ ôþ¼Ðçđ· Ė°ñÄđãѽ â°Ýþ¼Ðçâ âãè÷üđç Ė°»°đēȦ
%[JÕLJ LPOTFLXFODKJ J QS[FNZėMBOFK TFMFLDKJ
ƾƹ
ǂƹ
TQS[FEBXBOZDI BSUZLVþ¯X XFT[MJėNZ EP ėDJTþFK D[Pþ¯XLJ ƽ B.4 Ƽƿ B.4
TQS[FEBXD¯X [BCBXFL [B QPėSFEOJDUXFN "MMFHSP

0 0GFSVKFNZ 1BĀTUXV CBSE[P T[FSPLJ BTPSUZNFOU LU¯SZ
TUBMF QPXJÕLT[B TJÕ P LPMFKOF QP[ZDKF
. -.8 -# -84HLEN- Z,4
ĖMFE[JNZ USFOEZ KFTUFėNZ OB CJFĸÁDP ƻƹƹ . 3 4L9X

;BQSBT[BNZ OB OBT[F BVLDKF .BOţ [BCBXLJ ]°»°đ° ÜÝç¼Ü°âÑ »þÀĖÑ ÜôÄ°üēđãçø½Ȥ
ôçĖđÑÛ° ĖÀçÝãçø¼Ñ â°ãþ°ÝãÄȤ À°ÛÄ
ãÑÄ÷Üçä¼ĖçãÄ âçęÝÑđçø¼Ñ Ñ âçęã° ñçøđÑ̼ѽ
đÑÄÝÄ ÎçÀĖÑã ã° üđèô¼ĖÄÛ Ė°»°đÑÄȩ

ƺƺǂ B.4
ƹƹ












E W 4H NE E BN]]. Ƽ B B#2- ]3Z2- H E# ƻȩ
ƻƺƿ . ɓ 38HL L8X E ,Ä÷ü Ė°»°đã° Ñ ãÑÄñôĖÄđÑÀēđ°Ýã°ȩ
1 ) %".* 8JFTþBXB #JFHBĀTLB ] þãÑÜ°üçđç đēÎÑÌüē¼Ð Ñ ñá°÷ÜѼРñÝ°÷üÑÜçđē¼Ð ñþĖĖÝÑ 3° ñôĖÄ÷þãÑÌüē øôçÀÄÜ ¼ÑÌęÜçø¼ÑȤ ÀĖÑÌÜÑ

1 ) %".* 1VDLB (EZOJB 10-4," âçęã° üđçôĖē½ ĖÀþâÑÄđ°Û·¼Ä üôèÛđēâÑ°ôçđÄ ôÄñÝÑÜÑ ¼ĖÄâþ ÝÄ¼Ñ ãÑÄ ü°â ÎÀĖÑÄ Û· ñçøÝÄ÷ĖȤ °ÝÄ ü°âȤ
ÎÀĖÑÄ ÷°â° ¼Ð¼Äȩ
»þÀçđÝÑ Ėã°ãē¼Ð ã° ¼°áēâ øđÑļÑÄȦ
5FM & NBJM TLMFQ!NBOţ QM
ƻƽ B.4
ǂƹ
XXX NBOţ QM ƺƽǂ B.4
ƹƹ

# 83 .8 -# -.8 -# H2N` Z NE8E . .- HZE 4- 38E 4
E LN4-8X ɓ 29 ^ # " .#-8BL E H HB E-. H ƻƿ 3
þôçô° XçôÝÀ ÛÄ÷ü ÝÑÀÄôÄâ Ė ñçã°À Ʒƴ ÝÄüãÑâ
-Ýç¼ÜÑ ÀÝ° â°áē¼Ð ñ°÷Ûçã°üèđ ñçÝѼÛÑȩ ĖÑÌÜÑ ãÑâ
¼Ðáçñ¼ē â°Û· Ė°ñÄđãÑçã· Í°ãü°÷üē¼Ėã· ñôĖēÎçÀÌȩ ÀçøđÑ°À¼ĖÄãÑÄâ đ ñôçÛÄÜüçđ°ãÑþ Ñ ñôçÀþܼÛÑ
Ñããçđ°¼ēÛãē¼ÐȤ đē÷çÜÑÄÛ Û°Üçø¼Ñ ñôçÀþÜüèđ
ǁǁ B.4 ñÝþ÷Ėçđē¼Ð
ǂƹ
ƻǁ B.4
ƹƹ











-. #4 3 H]Z4 ç H]Z # . . .- 4 L .# "8 ]#ȩ IB# X
]# # ] 4 B 3 48`4Z3
# 39X# B8 B8.H-N
3°÷Ėēã° Àç ÷Ėē¼Ñ° üç Ė°»°đÜ° ñôĖÄĖã°¼Ėçã° ÀÝ°
ÀĖÑÄđ¼ĖēãÄÜȤ ÜüèôÄ Ñã÷ñÑôþÛÄ ñôçÛÄÜüçđ°ãÑÄ Ñ ÷Ėē¼ÑÄȩ ÐçÀĖ·¼° Ý°ÝÜ° 4°ü°ÝÑ° üç ã°ÛÝÄñ÷Ė° ñôçñçĖē¼Û°
ÀÝ° đ÷Ėē÷üÜѼРÀĖÑÄđ¼ĖēãÄÜȩ
ƺƼǁ B.4
ƹƹ
ƺƽǂ B.4
ǂƹ








L#4Z .8W . ` ] - B8 E9`4Z HLX Z 4 EZ #E H 3N " 4

H] E8 ɓ ] EX84Z B2ZX ]-# E - X-# 8 B2ZX 4#
LÑãē .çĐÄ üç °âÄôēÜ°ä÷Ü° ķôâ° çÀ Ý°ü EÄđÄÝ°¼ēÛãÄ ôÌÜ°đÜÑ ķôâē Ä÷üđ°ē ãÎôē ÑôÀ÷
ñôçÀþÜþÛ·¼° Ė°»°đÜÑȤ ÜüèôÄ ĖÀç»ēđ°Û· þñôĖēÛÄâãÑ· đēñ°Àē ã°À đçÀÌȩ
ã°ÎôçÀē ã° ¼°áēâ øđÑļÑÄȩ
ǀ B.4
ǂǂ
ǂǁ B.4 1DMOHSV]H
ǂƹ


]DEDZNL Z VLHFL





HLX Z 3ZH]- 3#44# # #HZ
3N " 4Z H 4 ƺƹƻ ¼â
1 ) %".* 8JFTþBXB #JFHBĀTLB
EÄđÄÝ°¼ēÛãēȤ ÜçÝçôçđē »°÷Äã ÀÝ° ÀĖÑÄ¼Ñ ķôâē 1 ) %".* 1VDLB (EZOJB 10-4,"
Ä÷üđ°ē Ė°ñÄđãÑ ÀĖÑļÑçâ đ÷ñ°ãÑ°á· Ė°»°đÌ
ñçÀ¼Ė°÷ þñ°Ýãē¼ÐȤ ÝÄüãѼРÀãÑȩ 5FM & NBJM TLMFQ!NBOţ QM

ƻǂ B.4
ƹƹ
XXX NBOţ QM

# 83 .8 -# -.8 -# H2N` Z NE8E . .- HZE 4- 38E 4
E LN4-8X ɓ 29 ^ # " .#-8BL E H HB E-. H ƻƿ 3
þôçô° XçôÝÀ ÛÄ÷ü ÝÑÀÄôÄâ Ė ñçã°À Ʒƴ ÝÄüãÑâ
-Ýç¼ÜÑ ÀÝ° â°áē¼Ð ñ°÷Ûçã°üèđ ñçÝѼÛÑȩ ĖÑÌÜÑ ãÑâ
¼Ðáçñ¼ē â°Û· Ė°ñÄđãÑçã· Í°ãü°÷üē¼Ėã· ñôĖēÎçÀÌȩ ÀçøđÑ°À¼ĖÄãÑÄâ đ ñôçÛÄÜüçđ°ãÑþ Ñ ñôçÀþܼÛÑ
Ñããçđ°¼ēÛãē¼ÐȤ đē÷çÜÑÄÛ Û°Üçø¼Ñ ñôçÀþÜüèđ
ǁǁ B.4 ñÝþ÷Ėçđē¼Ð
ǂƹ
ƻǁ B.4
ƹƹ











-. #4 3 H]Z4 ç H]Z # . . .- 4 L .# "8 ]#ȩ IB# X
]# # ] 4 B 3 48`4Z3
# 39X# B8 B8.H-N
3°÷Ėēã° Àç ÷Ėē¼Ñ° üç Ė°»°đÜ° ñôĖÄĖã°¼Ėçã° ÀÝ°
ÀĖÑÄđ¼ĖēãÄÜȤ ÜüèôÄ Ñã÷ñÑôþÛÄ ñôçÛÄÜüçđ°ãÑÄ Ñ ÷Ėē¼ÑÄȩ ÐçÀĖ·¼° Ý°ÝÜ° 4°ü°ÝÑ° üç ã°ÛÝÄñ÷Ė° ñôçñçĖē¼Û°
ÀÝ° đ÷Ėē÷üÜѼРÀĖÑÄđ¼ĖēãÄÜȩ
ƺƼǁ B.4
ƹƹ
ƺƽǂ B.4
ǂƹ








L#4Z .8W . ` ] - B8 E9`4Z HLX Z 4 EZ #E H 3N " 4

H] E8 ɓ ] EX84Z B2ZX ]-# E - X-# 8 B2ZX 4#
LÑãē .çĐÄ üç °âÄôēÜ°ä÷Ü° ķôâ° çÀ Ý°ü EÄđÄÝ°¼ēÛãÄ ôÌÜ°đÜÑ ķôâē Ä÷üđ°ē ãÎôē ÑôÀ÷
ñôçÀþÜþÛ·¼° Ė°»°đÜÑȤ ÜüèôÄ ĖÀç»ēđ°Û· þñôĖēÛÄâãÑ· đēñ°Àē ã°À đçÀÌȩ
ã°ÎôçÀē ã° ¼°áēâ øđÑļÑÄȩ
ǀ B.4
ǂǂ
ǂǁ B.4 1DMOHSV]H
ǂƹ


]DEDZNL Z VLHFL





HLX Z 3ZH]- 3#44# # #HZ
3N " 4Z H 4 ƺƹƻ ¼â
1 ) %".* 8JFTþBXB #JFHBĀTLB
EÄđÄÝ°¼ēÛãēȤ ÜçÝçôçđē »°÷Äã ÀÝ° ÀĖÑÄ¼Ñ ķôâē 1 ) %".* 1VDLB (EZOJB 10-4,"
Ä÷üđ°ē Ė°ñÄđãÑ ÀĖÑļÑçâ đ÷ñ°ãÑ°á· Ė°»°đÌ
ñçÀ¼Ė°÷ þñ°Ýãē¼ÐȤ ÝÄüãѼРÀãÑȩ 5FM & NBJM TLMFQ!NBOţ QM

ƻǂ B.4
ƹƹ
XXX NBOţ QM

) @= Ī ? > ? Ĝ




JDOHULD%2%$6$ SO WR VNOHS LQWHUQHWRZ\ GOD ÐZLDGRP\FK URG]LFµZ : VZRMHM RIHUFLH SRVLDGDP\
SURGXNW\ QDMZ\×V]HM MDNRÐFL D WR ZV]\VWNR Z EDUG]R SU]\VWÇSQ\FK FHQDFK
[
[
(.2/2*,&=1$ Ö<:12ÏÄ '/$ '=,(&,
[
$.&(625,$ '2 .$50,(1,$
=$%$:.,



















































JDOHULD%2%$6$ SO XO 6XZDN ORN
:DUV]DZD 0RNRWµZ


.RQWDNW WHOHIRQLF]Q\ F]\QQ\ RG SRQLHG]LDÊNX GR SLÃWNX Z JRG]LQDFK "
WHO _ WHO
H PDLO SRF]WD#JDOHULDEREDVD SO [ @= ? [ @

;!;) $ É< ! ; ; %

6NÊDG PÃND RUNLV]RZD PÃNÃ SV]HQQD V\URS ] DJDZ\ PDVÊR
SURV]HN ] DJDZ\ NDNDR PÃND PLJGDÊRZD ÐURGHN VSXOFKQLDMÃF\

EH] GRGDWNX FXNUX _ EH] GRGDWNX NRQVHUZDQWµZ _ SURGXNW ]DZLHUD JOXWHQ

&(1$ 3/1







8(+&;9 ;+;+( 9 ! *+( < !


&+583., .8.85<'=,$1( 1$785$/1( %,2 %* J 526(1
JU\VLN NXNXU\G]LDQ\ VµO PRUVND

VNÊDGQLNL HNRORJLF]QH REMÇWH FHUW\ĆNDWHP NRQWUROL $7 %,2

&(1$ 3/1






)+ 8 (;9 %(;9) %-! 9% !$!*!(


6XFKDUNL RUNLV]RZH +ROOH VÃ SURGXNRZDQH ] Z\VRNRZDUWRÐFLRZ\FK
VNÊDGQLNµZ SRFKRG]ÃF\FK ] ELRG\QDPLF]Q\FK XSUDZ L SU]\JRWRZ\ZDQH
VÃ ] QDWXUDOQ\FK GUR×G×\ L VROL PRUVNLHM 6XFKDUNL QLH ]DZLHUDMÃ GRGDWNX
FXNUX ÐZLDGRPLH ]UH]\JQRZDQR WH× ] JUR×ÃF\FK DOHUJLà VNÊDGQLNµZ MDN
ELDÊNR NXU]H ELDÊNR POHND L SV]HQLF\

&(1$ 3/1






&9! % ! !;%<%#9 ! 8(+&;9


6NÊDG .XNXU\G]D PÃND L OXE ]LDUQD 2OHM 6ÊRQHF]QLNRZ\ 6µO
0RUVND ] 3U]\SUDZDPL 6NURELD =LHPQLDF]DQD 6µO 0RUVND &XNLHU
(NVWUDW 'UR×G×RZ\ >= .XNXU\G]\@ 2OHM 6ÊRQHF]QLNRZ\
6NÊDGQLNL SRFKRG]ÃFH ] XSUDZ HNRORJLF]Q\FK %H]JOXWHQRZH

&(1$ 3/1

8!( *; < $ *!; ; ($9 8


+HUEDWND ]LRÊRZD SDNRZDQD Z WRUHENDFK
6NÊDG ]LHOH UXWZLF\ ]LHOH PHOLV\ RZRF NRSUX ZÊRVNLHJR RZRF NPLQNX
]Z\F]MQHJR RZRF DQ\×X

&(1$ 3/1







8!( *; +¶ *-9 : *( -9! 9!


+HUEDWND HNRORJLF]QD MHVW GRVWRVRZDQD GR VSHFMDOQ\FK SRWU]HE QLHPRZOÃW L
PDÊ\FK G]LHFL 2GSRZLHGQLR GREUDQH ]LRÊD ZSÊ\ZDMÃ NRU]\VWQLH QD WUDZLHQLH
2SDNRZDQLH ]DZLHUD VDV]HWHN SRZ\×HM PLHVLÃFD


&(1$ 3/1






8!( *; (»å 9%¶ $9



+HUEDWND VNRPSRQRZDQD QD ED]LH Z\ÊÃF]QLH QDWXUDOQ\FK VNÊDGQLNµZ
'HOLNDWQ\ ]LRÊRZR RZRFRZ\ VPDN QD SHZQR SU]\SDGQLH GR JXVWX ZV]\VWNLP
G]LHFLRP +HUEDWND Uµ×DQD ] ]LRÊDPL WR GREU\ Z\EµU GOD QDV]\FK
PLOXVLÌVNLFK =DOHFDQD GR SLFLD R ND×GHM SRU]H GQLD L URNX


&(1$ 3/1






8!( *; %-% %- ;%&!(;9!$



+HUEDWND VNRPSRQRZDQD QD ED]LH Z\ÊÃF]QLH QDWXUDOQ\FK VNÊDGQLNµZ
'HOLNDWQ\ ]LRÊRZR RZRFRZ\ VPDN QD SHZQR SU]\SDGQLH GR JXVWX ZV]\VWNLP
G]LHFLRP +HUEDWND RZRFRZD ] NRSHUNLHP WR GREU\ Z\EµU GOD QDV]\FK
PLOXVLÌVNLFK =DOHFDQD GR SLFLD R ND×GHM SRU]H GQLD L URNX

&(1$ 3/1

)%; $ <9 !;%<%#9 11G $<


(NRORJLF]Q\ VRN ] PDOLQ EH] GRGDWNX FXNUX
6RN WÊRF]RQ\ ]H ÐZLH×\FK HNRORJLF]Q\FK PDOLQ
%H] GRGDWNX FXNUX ZRG\ EH] NRQVHUZDQWµZ

&(1$ 3/1







(+$9 ! &%<9 ;9 )%; $ $



(NRORJLF]Q\ VRN 5XPLDQH 3ROLF]NL 0DPD ÖHOD]R 3OXV SU]H]QDF]RQ\ MHVW
NRELHWRP Z FLÃ×\ L Z WUDNFLH ODNWDFML Z F]DVLH JG\ ]DSRWU]HERZDQLH QD
×HOD]R Z]UDVWD R SURF


&(1$ 3/1






)%; &%&( -9 : % &%( %ɒ 53G $<



'LHWHW\F]Q\ VRN ZLHORRZRFRZ\ GOD G]LHFL ] F\QNLHP L ZLWDPLQÃ & ]H
ÐZLH×\FK VRNµZ ELR EH] GRGDWNX FXNUX

']LHFL SRWU]HEXMÃ GRVWDWHF]QHM LORÐFL F\QNX L ZLWDPLQ\ & DE\ V\VWHP
RGSRUQRÐFLRZ\ E\Ê Z\GDMQ\ WDN×H Z V\WXDFMDFK GX×HJR Z\VLÊNX

&(1$ 3/1






$ 9 $ : ¶;%l %(»-; l (% 9


6NÊDG ZRGD SLWQD VRN ZLQRJURQRZ\ ] NRQFHQWUDWX VRN F\WU\QRZ\
] NRQFHQWUDWX VNÊDGQLNL SRFKRG]ÃFH ] NRQWURORZDQ\FK XSUDZ HNRORJLF]Q\FK
:DUXQNL SU]HFKRZ\ZDQLD 3U]HFKRZ\ZDÅ Z WHPSHUDWXU]H SRNRMRZHM &KURQLÅ SU]HG
ZLOJRFLÃ PUR]HP L EH]SRÐUHGQLP G]LDÊDQLHP SURPLHQL VÊRQHF]Q\FK

&(1$ 3/1

#SZUZKTLJF QSPEVLUZ EP Q’ZXBOJB



EMB E[JFDJ J OJFNPXMBU




























ZZZ VSODVKDERXW SO :<âć&=1< '<675<%8725 1$ 7(5(1,( 32/6.,
%0 &RQVXOWLQJ %HDWD 0RUDZVND
2NXOLFNLHJR 3LDVHF]QR
LQIR#VSODVKDERXW SO _ WHO

:LHORUD]RZD SLHOXV]ND
+DSS\ 1DSS\



‡ :\NRQDQD ] HODVW\F]QHJR QHRSUHQX
R JUXERĤFL PP ² FKURQL SU]HG Z\]LčELHQLHP
‡ 0LčNNLH ĤFLĈJDF]H DE\ ]DWU]\PDþ
ZV]\VWNLH QLHF]\VWRĤFL
‡ âDWZH ]DNãDGDQLH L ]GHMPRZDQLH
‡ 1DMOHSV]H HIHNW\ JG\ Xİ\ZDQD UD]HP
] EDZHãQLDQ\PL PDMWHF]NDPL 1DSS\ :UDS EDZHãQLDQ\PL PDMWHF]NDPL 1DSS\ :UDS
]
RUD] ZNãDGNDPL 1DSS\ /LQHUV


$FOB [’



.RVWLXP ] SLHOXV]NĈ

+DSS\ 1DSS\


‡ 8V]\W\ ] PLčNNLHJR Q\ORQ O\FUD L QHRSUHQX
R JUXERĤFL PP ² FKURQL SU]HG Z\]LčELHQLHP
‡ 0LčNNLH ĤFLĈJDF]H DE\ ]DWU]\PDþ ZV]\VWNLH
QLHF]\VWRĤFL
‡ âDWZH ]DNãDGDQLH L ]GHMPRZDQLH
‡ 1DMOHSV]H HIHNW\ JG\ Xİ\ZDQ\ UD]HP
] EDZHãQLDQ\PL PDMWHF]NDPL 1DSS\ :UDS EDZHãQLDQ\PL PDMWHF]NDPL 1DSS\ :UDS
]
RUD] ZNãDGNDPL 1DSS\ /LQHUV


$FOB [’



3LDQND QHRSUHQRZD
] SLHOXV]NĈ +DSS\ 1DSS\



‡:\NRQDQD ] PLčNNLHJR L HODVW\F]QHJR
QHRSUHQX R JUXERĤFL PP SRGZyMQLH
REV]\WHJR PRFQ\P Q\ORQHP
‡3RãĈF]RQD ] SLHOXV]NĈ GR Sã\ZDQLD +DSS\ 1DSS\
‡=DSLQDQD ] W\ãX QD VXZDN
‡âDWZLHMV]H WU]\PDQLH G]LHFND Z ZRG]LH

‡=DSHZQLD Z\VRNĈ RFKURQč 63) =DSHZQLD Z\VRNĈ RFKURQč 63)


$FOB [’

']LHFLčFH NRPELQH]RQ\

ZDUP LQ RQH L EDE\ ZUDS


‡ .RPELQH]RQ\ ]DSHZQLDMĈ FLHSãR Z ZRG]LH
‡ 8ãDWZLDMĈ WU]\PDQLH G]LHFND Z ZRG]LH

‡ 3LDQND QHRSUHQRZD EDE\ ZUDS R JUXERĤFL PP
EDUG]R ãDWZR VLč ]DNãDGD L GRSDVRZXMH GR G]LHFND

‡ :DUP LQ RQH XV]\W\ MHVW ] PLčNNLHJR SRGV]\WHJR
SRODUHP Q\ORQX
'
‡ 'ãXJLH UčNDZNL L QRJDZNL RJU]HMĈ QDZHW ãXJLH UčNDZNL L QRJDZNL RJU]HMĈ QDZHW
QDMZLčNV]HJR ]PDU]OXFKD


$FOB [’



3LDQNL GOD ZLčNV]\FK G]LHFL

VKRUWLH 89 FRPELH
NDPL]HOND L VSRGHQNL



‡=DSHZQLDMĈ G]LHFLRP NRPIRUW WHUPLF]Q\
Z ZRG]LH
‡'Xİ\ Z\EyU PRGHOL SLDQHN Z SLčNQ\FK
Z]RUDFK GOD G]LHFL ODW
‡ OXE PP QHRSUHQ ] PRFQ\P REV]\FLHP
]DSLQDQH QD VXZDN
‡3HãQD RFKURQD SU]HFLZVãRQHF]QD 3HãQD RFKURQD SU]HFLZVãRQHF]QD


$FOB [’



8EUDQND UčF]QLNRZH



‡:\NRQDQH ] QLH]Z\NOH PLčNNLHM EDZHãQ\
EDPEXVRZHM LPSUHJQRZDQHM ZčJOHP
‡0DWHULDã MHVW QDWXUDOQLH DQW\EDNWHU\MQ\
SU]HFLZJU]\ELF]Q\ L GRVNRQDOH RGSURZDG]D
ZLOJRþ
‡,GHDOQH GR RVXV]DQLD FLDãD SR NĈSLHOL
Z EDVHQLH PRU]X OXE ZDQQLH
‡'R Z\ERUX GXİH UčF]QLNL ] Z\JRGQ\P 'R Z\ERUX GXİH UčF]QLNL ] Z\JRGQ\P
NDSWXUHP OXE XEUDQND UčF]QLNRZH



$FOB [’

.DPL]HONL Z\SRUQRĤFLRZH
GR QDXNL Sã\ZDQLD


‡ &KURQLĈ SU]HG Z\]LčELHQLHP VãRęFHP
]DSHZQLDMĈ Sã\ZDOQRĤþ

‡ :\NRQDQH ] HODVW\F]QHJR QHRSUHQX
R JUXERĤFL PP

‡ Z\MPRZDQ\FK Sã\ZDNyZ V]\ENLH
L SUHF\]\MQH GRVWRVRZDQLH SR]LRPX Z\SRUQRĤFL
RUD] REMčWRĤFL NDPL]HONL GR SRWU]HE G]LHFND UD] REMčWRĤFL NDPL]HONL GR SRWU]HE G]LHFND
R
‡ =DP\NDQH VROLGQ\P ]DPNLHP Eã\VNDZLF]Q\P
] ]DEH]SLHF]HQLHP

$FOB [’



.RVWLXP\ Z\SRUQRĤFLRZH

)ORDW 6XLW

‡ 3RPDJDMĈ G]LHFLRP Z QDXFH Sã\ZDQLD
‡ Z\MPRZDQ\FK Sã\ZDNyZ SR GZD
Z NDİGHM ] NLHV]HQL
‡ 6]\ENLH L SUHF\]\MQH GRVWRVRZDQLH SR]LRPX
Z\SRUQRĤFL
‡ 'RVWčSQH PRGHOH IORDW VXLW 89 IORDW VXLW
RUD] VKRUW MRKQ UD] VKRUW MRKQ
R
‡ 8V]\WH ] WNDQLQ\ ] ILOWUHP SU]HFLZVãRQHF]Q\P
63) WHVWRZDQHM Z $XVWUDOLL SU]H] LQVW\WXW
$53$16$
$FOB [’



8EUDQND 89 QD VãRęFH

‡ &KãRGQ\ L JãDGNL Z GRW\NX PDWHULDã

‡ =DSRELHJD SU]HJU]DQLX ZFKãDQLDMĈF SRW
]H VNyU\

‡ 7NDQLQD 6XQ %ORFN ] ILOWUHP 63) WHVWRZDQD
Z $XVWUDOLL SU]H] $53$16$ 63) NDWHJRULD
(;&(//(17
‡ âDWZH GR XWU]\PDQLD Z F]\VWRĤFL V]\ENR DWZH GR XWU]\PDQLD Z F]\VWRĤFL V]\ENR
â
VLč VXV]Ĉ
‡ : ]LPč PRJĈ E\þ Xİ\ZDQH MDNR VSRGQLD
ZDUVWZD XEUDQLD SRPRJĈ Z XWU]\PDQLX FLHSãD

$FOB [’





















1$6=( 35(0,(5<



,JQDÐ .LWHN DUFKLWHNW

$QGUHD %HDW\ LOXVWUDWRU 'DYLG 5REHUWV

3U]H]DEDZQD L QLHSRNRUQD NVLÃ×ND

9Ü«ˆĂ¹« ôØãÊύ«Êô— ¼«ã—؁¹Ê R UHDOL]RZDQLX VZRLFK SDVML ZEUHZ
SU]HFLZQRÐFLRP



« Õ« ¹Ã«— «¼èÜãØÊôÃ— =É




5µ]LD 5HZHOND LQ×\QLHUND

1DV]H Z\GDZQLFWZR VSHFMDOL]XMH VLÇ Z VWDUDQQ\P GRERU]H RIHUW\ L SURSRQXMH $QGUHD %HDW\ LOXVWUDWRU 'DYLG 5REHUWV
URG]LFRP L G]LHFLRP Z\VRNLHM MDNRÐFL NVLÃ×NL ]DUµZQR ZDUWRÐFLRZH OLWHUDFNR =DEDZQD L PÃGUD RSRZLHÐÅ R
MDN L SLÇNQLH LOXVWURZDQH 7R ìSLFWXUHERRNVë å NVLÃ×NL Z NWµU\FK WHNVW L REUD] UHDOL]RZDQLX SDVML L QLH]UD×DQLX

ZVSµÊJUDMà ]H VREà WZRU]ÃF XQLNDOQà MDNRÐÅ NWµUHM QLH GDÊRE\ VLÇ RVLÃJQÃÅ EH] VLÇ QLHSRZRG]HQLDPL
KDUPRQLL PLÇG]\ QLPL 6Ã WR SXEOLNDFMH GOD Z\PDJDMÃF\FK å SRXF]DMÃFD
L MHGQRF]HÐQLH HNVF\WXMÃFD OLWHUDWXUD G]LHFLÇFD =É








7HN 1RZRF]HVQ\ MDVNLQLRZLHF

3DWULFN 0F'RQQHOO


=DEDZQ\ VSRVµE PµZLHQLD R ]QDF]HQLX Z\ÊÃF]HQLD
RWDF]DMÃF\FK QDV XU]ÃG]HÌ L FLHV]HQLD VLÇ XURNDPL
SLÇNQHJR ÐZLDWD GRRNRÊD






$GD %DPELQL 1DXNRZF]\QL

$QGUHD %HDW\ LOXVWUDWRU 'DYLG 5REHUWV


=$32:,('Ô





#.LQGHUNXOND




:6=<67.,( .6,ÂÖ., '267Æ31( 1$ ::: .,1'(5.8/.$ 3/

1$6=( 35(0,(5<



,JQDÐ .LWHN DUFKLWHNW

$QGUHD %HDW\ LOXVWUDWRU 'DYLG 5REHUWV

3U]H]DEDZQD L QLHSRNRUQD NVLÃ×ND

9Ü«ˆĂ¹« ôØãÊύ«Êô— ¼«ã—؁¹Ê R UHDOL]RZDQLX VZRLFK SDVML ZEUHZ
SU]HFLZQRÐFLRP



« Õ« ¹Ã«— «¼èÜãØÊôÃ— =É




5µ]LD 5HZHOND LQ×\QLHUND

1DV]H Z\GDZQLFWZR VSHFMDOL]XMH VLÇ Z VWDUDQQ\P GRERU]H RIHUW\ L SURSRQXMH $QGUHD %HDW\ LOXVWUDWRU 'DYLG 5REHUWV
URG]LFRP L G]LHFLRP Z\VRNLHM MDNRÐFL NVLÃ×NL ]DUµZQR ZDUWRÐFLRZH OLWHUDFNR =DEDZQD L PÃGUD RSRZLHÐÅ R
MDN L SLÇNQLH LOXVWURZDQH 7R ìSLFWXUHERRNVë å NVLÃ×NL Z NWµU\FK WHNVW L REUD] UHDOL]RZDQLX SDVML L QLH]UD×DQLX

ZVSµÊJUDMà ]H VREà WZRU]ÃF XQLNDOQà MDNRÐÅ NWµUHM QLH GDÊRE\ VLÇ RVLÃJQÃÅ EH] VLÇ QLHSRZRG]HQLDPL
KDUPRQLL PLÇG]\ QLPL 6Ã WR SXEOLNDFMH GOD Z\PDJDMÃF\FK å SRXF]DMÃFD
L MHGQRF]HÐQLH HNVF\WXMÃFD OLWHUDWXUD G]LHFLÇFD =É








7HN 1RZRF]HVQ\ MDVNLQLRZLHF

3DWULFN 0F'RQQHOO


=DEDZQ\ VSRVµE PµZLHQLD R ]QDF]HQLX Z\ÊÃF]HQLD
RWDF]DMÃF\FK QDV XU]ÃG]HÌ L FLHV]HQLD VLÇ XURNDPL
SLÇNQHJR ÐZLDWD GRRNRÊD






$GD %DPELQL 1DXNRZF]\QL

$QGUHD %HDW\ LOXVWUDWRU 'DYLG 5REHUWV


=$32:,('Ô





#.LQGHUNXOND




:6=<67.,( .6,ÂÖ., '267Æ31( 1$ ::: .,1'(5.8/.$ 3/







=GURZH VWRS\ 'R SURGXNFML REXZLD 0HPR VWRVR

ZDQH VĈ QDMZ\İV]HM MDNRĤFL PDWHULDã\ :LHU
G]LHFND ]FKQLD L ZHZQčWU]QD F]čĤþ EXWD Z\NRQDQD
MHVW ] QDWXUDOQ\FK PLčNNLFK VNyU NR]LFK
LGHDOQ\FK GOD VWRS\ G]LHFND 6NyU\ WH Z
VSRVyE QDWXUDOQ\ GRVWRVRZXMĈ VLč GR
0HPR WR QDMZ\İV]HM MDNRĤFL REXZLH GOD
G]LHFL Z\NRQDQH Z NODV\F]Q\P VW\OX ] VWRS\ W\P VDP\P ]ZLčNV]DMĈ NRPIRUW Xİ\W
QDWXUDOQ\FK PDWHULDãyZ SU]\MD]Q\FK VWRSLH NRZDQLD 1LHNWyUH PRGHOH Z\SRVDİRQH
G]LHFND 8QLNDWRZĈ IXQNFMč GLDJQRVW\F]QĈ ]RVWDã\ Z VSHFMDOLVW\F]QĈ SRGV]HZNč
]DSHZQLD V\VWHP PRQLWRULQJX Z SRGHV]ZLH EH]FKURPRZĈ 1DWXUDOQH PDWHULDã\ R
0HPR :\SUDFRZDQD SU]H] ODWD NRQVWUXN ZãDĤFLZRĤFLDFK KLJURVNRSLMQ\FK VSUDZLDMĈ
FMD L WHFKQRORJLD PRQWDİX EXWyZ 0HPR İH EXW RGG\FKD D VWRSD QLH XOHJD
] ]DSRFHQLX
]\VNDãD\VNDãD X]QDQLH VSHFMDOLVWyZ MDNR
VNXWHF]QD PHWRGD SURILODNW\NL L OHF]HQLD
QDMF]čVWV]\FK ZDG SRVWDZ\









8QLNDWRZ\ V\VWHP G\QDPLF]QHM NRQWUROL
VWyS G]LHFND GDMĈF\ PRİOLZRĤþ ELHİĈFHJR
PRQLWRURZDQLD VWDQX VWyS RUD] QDW\FKPLD
VWRZHM UHDNFML 6SHFMDOQ\ RGVWDZLRQ\ NV]
WDãW SRGHV]Z\ GRGDWNRZR VWDELOL]XMH VWRSč
L ]DSHZQLD SUDZLGãRZH MHM XãRİHQLH SRG 6SHFMDOQD WHFKQRORJLD PRQWDİX
F]DV FKRGX 'LDJQRVW\F]QD SRGHV]ZD 9 WHFK SROHJDMĈFD QD SUDZLGãRZ\P XVW
0HPR 2EV]DUHP GLDJQRVW\F]Q\P REXZLD DZLHQLX FKROHZNL SRGF]DV SURFHVX PRQ
0HPR MHVW MHJR SRGHV]ZD 1D MHM SRZLHU WRZDQLD EXWD 7HFKQRORJLD WD JZDUDQWXMH
]FKQL RUD] QD REFDVLH ]RVWDãR Z\RGUčEQL ]DFKRZDQLH RVL V\PHWULL Z Z\SURGXNRZ
RQ\FK V]HĤþ SRQXPHURZDQ\FK VWUHI ] Z\ DQ\P EXFLH D W\P VDP\P ZUD] ] FKDUDNW
SXNã\PL SDVNDPL ELHİQLND VWUHID QRUP\ HU\VW\F]Q\P V]W\ZQ\P ]DSLčWNLHP L Z\VRNĈ
VWUHID U\]\ND RUD] F]WHU\ VWUHI\ GXİHM G\V FKROHZNĈ ZVSRPDJD SUDZLGãRZ\ UR]ZyM
IXQNFML 3RGF]DV Xİ\WNRZDQLD SDVNL XOHJDMĈ VWyS 2EXZLH 0HPR SR]EDZLRQH MHVW FHFK
ĤFLHUDQLX G]LčNL F]HPX VWDUWH IUDJPHQW\ NRQVWUXNF\MQ\FK PRJĈF\FK ]DNãyFLþ
XPRİOLZLDMĈ V]\ENĈ L SUHF\]\MQĈ GLDJQR]č REUD] U]HF]\ZLVWHM IL]MRORJLL L SRWU]HE VWyS Z
ZDG VWyS RUD] HZHQWXDOQH GREUDQLH RNUHVLH Z]UDVWDQLD ']LčNL WHPX REXZLH
ZNãDGHN : SU]\SDGNX EUDNX NRQLHF]QRĤFL 0HPR XMDZQLD LFK SUDZLGãRZRĤþ PRUIR
VWRVRZDQLD ZNãDGHN NRU\JXMĈF\FK EXW\ ORJLF]QRF]\QQRĤFLRZĈ OXE LVWQLHMĈFH
0HPR VSHãQLDMĈ IXQNFMč SURILODNW\F]QĈ ZDG\ EĈGĮ LFK V\PSWRP\
=HVWDZ ZNãDGHN ZFKRG]ĈF\FK Z VNãDG
V\VWHPX\VWHPX 0HPR ZUD] ] ZEXGRZDQ\P Z
V 3URGXNW X]\VNDã SR]\W\ZQĈ RSLQLč
SRGHV]ZLH REFDVHP 7KRPDV·D QDGDMH Å&HQWUXP =GURZLD ']LHFNDµ
EXWRP 0HPR FKDUDNWHU REXZLD NRUHNF\M
QHJR 2GSRZLHGQLD GOD G]LHFND ZNãDGND
PRİH E\þ GREUDQD EH]SRĤUHGQLR SU]H]
URG]LFD QD SRGVWDZLH ]DãĈF]RQHM LQVWUXNFML
Xİ\WNRZDQLD 6\VWHPX 0HPR OXE ZJ ZVND
]Dę VSHFMDOLVW\




ZZZ ]GURZHEXFLNL SO














Click to View FlipBook Version
Previous Book
Gala 2017 Journal
Next Book
Constructive News You Can Use - Winter 2018