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Published by B&R, 2019-02-25 08:01:06

MP Malpiszon

ʶ˘˥˧ˬ˙˜˞ˢ˪˔ˡ˘ ˗˥˔˕˜ˡ˞˜

˚˜ˠˡ˔˦˧ˬ˖˭ˡ˘

˗˟˔ ˗ˢˠˢ˪˘˚ˢ ˨κˬ˧˞˨ ˣ˥˭˘˭
˗˭˜˘˖˜ ˜ ˗ˢ˥ˢ˦·ˬ˖˛
































ʽʴʾ˂ˆʶʟ ˊˌ˃˅ʴʶ˂ˊˌˊʴˁʴ ˂ʷ ʤʨ ʿʴˇ
















ˀʴΆ˃ʼˆˍ˂ˁ ʴ˟˜ˡ˔ ʷ˔˥˜˕˔˭˔˥ˢˡ
˨˟ʡ Ά˘ˣ˞ˢ˪˦˞˜˘˚ˢ ʫʢʦʤʟ ʦʤʠʧʥʦ ʾ˥˔˞ͅ˪
˪˪˪ʡˠ˔˟ˣ˜˦˭ˢˡʡˣ˟

ʴ˞˥ˢ˕˔˧˔

˃˟˔˖ ˭˔˕˔˪ ʴ˞˥ˢ˕˔˧˔ ϛ ˝˘˦˧ ˪˜˘˟ˢ˙˨ˡ˞˖˝ˢˡ˔˟ˡˬˠ ˣ˟˔˖˘ˠ
˭˔˕˔˪ ˣ˥˭˘˪˜˗˭˜˔ˡˬˠ ˗ˢ ˠˢˡ˧˔κ˨ ˪ ˢ˚˥ͅ˗˞˔˖˛ʡ ʴ˞˥ˢ˕˔˧˔
ʷ˟˔ ˗˭˜˘˖˜ ˣ˘·ˡˬ˖˛ ˘ˡ˘˥˚˜˜ ˜ ˣˢˠˬ˦·ͅ˪ ˝˘˦˧ ˪ˬˣˢ˦˔κˢˡˬ ˪ ˪˜˘˟˘ ˣ˥˭ˬ˥˭͗˗ͅ˪ ˗ˢ ͙˪˜˖˭˘Ήʟ ˗˭˜ͩ˞˜
˞˧ͅ˥ˬˠ ˗˭˜˘˖˜ ˠ˔˝͗ ˠˢκ˟˜˪ˢΝ͙ ˥ˢ˭˪˜˝˔͙ ˞ˢˢ˥˗ˬˡ˔˖˝ͩ ˥˨˖˛ͅ˪ʟ
ˆ˞˟˘ˣ ˀʴΆ˃ʼˆˍ˂ˁʡˣ˟ ˣˢ˪˦˧˔· ˭ ˠˬΝ˟͗ ˢ ˗˭˜˘˖˜˔˖˛ ˭ ˡ˜˘˦ˣˢκˬ˧ˬˠ ˭˔ˣ˔˦˘ˠ ˘ˡ˘˥˚˜˜ ˜ ˭ ˠˬΝ˟͗
˦˜·ͩ ˜ ˦ˣ˥˔˪ˡˢΝ͙ ˙˜˭ˬ˖˭ˡ͗ʟ ˝˔˞ ˥ͅ˪ˡ˜˘κ ˭˪ˬ˖˭˔˝ˡ˜˘ ˪˘˦ˢ·ˢ
ˢ ˥ˢ˗˭˜˖˔˖˛ Ν˪˜˔˗ˢˠˬ˖˛ ˦˪ˢ˝˘˝ ˥ˢ˟˜ ˪ ˣ˥˭ˬ˦˪˔˝˔ˡ˜˨ ˗˭˜˘˖˜ˢˠ ˭˗˥ˢ˪ˬ˖˛ ˡ˔˪ˬ˞ͅ˪ ˝˨κ ˢ˗
˦ˣͩ˗˭˔͙ ˖˭˔˦ ˡ˔ Ν˪˜˘κˬˠ ˣˢ˪˜˘˧˥˭˨ʡ ˍ ˧˔˞˜ˠ ˭˘˦˧˔˪˘ˠ
˪˖˭˘˦ˡˬ˖˛ ˟˔˧ ˭ˬ˖˜˔ʡ
˗˥˔˕˜ˡ˘˞ ˚˜ˠˡ˔˦˧ˬ˖˭ˡˬ˖˛ ˜ ˔˞˖˘˦ˢ˥˜ͅ˪ ˦ˣˢ˥˧ˢ˪ˬ˖˛ ˞˔κ˗˘
˗˭˜˘˖˞ˢ˭˜˘˖˞ˢ ˭ˠ˜˘ˡ˜ ˦˜ͩ ˪ ˣ˥˔˪˗˭˜˪˘˚ˢ ˔˞˥ˢ˕˔˧ͩ ˭˔˟˘˗˪˜˘ ˪
ˇˬ˟˞ˢ ˪ˬ˕˥˔ˡˬ ˦ˣ˥˭ͩ˧ ˪ˬ˦ˢ˞˜˘˝ ˝˔˞ˢΝ˖˜ ˗
˖˜͗˚˨ ˝˘˗ˡ˘˚ˢ ˦˘˭ˢˡ˨ ˟˘˧ˡ˜˘˚ˢʔ
ʿ˔˧˔ ˗ˢΝ˪˜˔˗˖˭˘ˡ˜˔ ˡ˔ ˥ˬˡ˞˨ ˣˢ˭˪ˢ˟˜·ˬ ˡ˔ˠ ˢ˖˘ˡ˜͙ ˡ˜˘˝˘˗ˡ˘˚ˢ ˣ˥ˢ˗˨˖˘ˡ˧˔ ˪ˬ˥ˢ˕ͅ˪
ʶ˘ˡ˔ʭ ʥ ʣʣʣʟʣʣ ˭·
˦ˣˢ˥˧ˢ˪ˬ˖˛ ˗˟˔ ˗˭˜˘˖˜ ˜ ˪ˬ˕˥˔͙ ˗ˢ ˦˪ˢ˝˘˝ ˢ˙˘˥˧ˬ ˧ˬ˟˞ˢ ˧˘ ˔˥˧ˬ˞˨·ˬʟ ˞˧ͅ˥ˬ˖˛ ˝˔˞ˢΝ͙ ˪ˬ˞ˢˡ˔ʠ
ˡ˜˔ ˭˔˗ˢ˪ˢ˟˜·˔˕ˬ ˡ˔˦ ˦˔ˠˬ˖˛ ˜ ˡ˔˦˭˘ ˗˭˜˘˖˜ ˝˔˞ˢ ˞ˢˡ˦˨ˠ˘ˡ˧ͅ˪ʡ

ˊ˦ˣ˔˥˖˜˘ ˗˟˔ ˜ˡ˜˖˝˔˧ˬ˪ ˦ˣˢ˥˧ˢ˪ˬ˖˛
ʽ˔˞ˢ ˗˭˜˘˖˜ͩ˖ˬ ˦˞˟˘ˣ ˦ˣˢ˥˧ˢ˪ˬ ˖˜͗˚˟˘ ˪˦ˣ˜˘˥˔ˠˬ ˔˞˧ˬ˪ˡˢΝ͙ ˢ˥˚˔ˡ˜˭˔˖˝˜ ˜ ˕˟ˢ˚˘˥ͅ˪
ˠ˔˝͗˖˘ ˡ˔ ˖˘˟˨ ˣ˥ˢˣ˔˚ˢ˪˔ˡ˜˘ ˭˗˥ˢ˪˘˚ˢ ˧˥ˬ˕˨ κˬ˖˜˔ ˜ ˨ˣ˥˔˪˜˔ˡ˜˔ ˦ˣˢ˥˧˨ʡ
ˀ˔˧˘˥˔˖ ʤʨʣ˫ʤʣʣ˫ʤʣ
ʶ˘ˡ˔ʭ ʦʨʣʟʣʣ ˭· ϛ ʦʬʩʟʣʣ ˭·

ʷ˥˔˕˜ˡ˞˔ ˚˜ˠˡ˔˦˧ˬ˖˭ˡ˔ ʾˢˠ˘˧˔ ʨ
ʷ˥˔˕˜ˡ˞˔ ˚˜ˠˡ˔˦˧ˬ˖˭ˡ˔ ʾˢˠ˘˧˔ʠʨ ˝˘˦˧ ˕˘˦˧˦˘˟˟˘˥˘ˠ ˪Ν˥ͅ˗
˥ˢ˭ˣˢ˥ˢ˪ˬ˖˛ ˭˘˦˧˔˪ͅ˪ ˚˜ˠˡ˔˦˧ˬ˖˭ˡˬ˖˛ʡ ʷ˥˔˕˜ˡ˞˔ ˭˔˝ˠ˨˝˘
ˠ˜ˡ˜ˠ˨ˠ ˠ˜˘˝˦˖˔ ˪ ˣˢ˞ˢ˝˨ʟ ˔ ˦ˬ˦˧˘ˠ ˥ˢ˭ˣˢ˥ˢ˪ˬ ˣˢ˭˪˔˟˔
ˡ˔ ˠˢˡ˧˔κ ˕˘˭ κ˔˗ˡ˘˚ˢ ˨˦˭˖˭˘˥˕˞˨ ˗˟˔ Ν˖˜˔ˡʡ ʾˢˠ˘˧˔ʠʨ
ˣˢ˦˜˔˗˔ ˗˥͗κ˘˞ ˚˜ˠˡ˔˦˧ˬ˖˭ˡˬ ˠˢˡ˧ˢ˪˔ˡˬ ˡ˜˘˭˔˟˘κˡ˜˘ ˢ˗
˖˔·˘˝ ˞ˢˡ˦˧˥˨˞˖˝˜ ˗˥˔˕˜ˡ˞˜ ˚˜ˠˡ˔˦˧ˬ˖˭ˡ˘˝ ˜ ˠˢκ˘ ˭ˢ˦˧˔͙
˨ˠ˜˘˦˭˖˭ˢˡˬ ˡ˔ ˗ˢ˪ˢ˟ˡ˘˝ ˪ˬ˦ˢ˞ˢΝ˖˜ ˗˥˔˕˜ˡ˞˜ʟ ˔ ˪˥˔˭ ˭ ˡ˜ˠ
˥ͅ˪ˡ˜˘κͅ˪ˡ˜˘κ ˔˞˖˘˦ˢ˥˜˔ ˚˜ˠˡ˔˦˧ˬ˖˭ˡ˘ ˗ˢ·͗˖˭ˢˡ˘ ˪ ˪ˬˣˢ˦˔κ˘ˡ˜˨
˥
˗ˢ ˭˘˦˧˔˪˨ʭ ˞ͅ·˞˔ʟ ˟˜ˡ˔ ˜ ˧˥˔ˣ˘˭ʡ ʺͅ˥ˡ˔ ˥˔ˠ˔ ˗˥˔˕˜ˡ˞˜ ˝˘˦˧
ʷ˅ʴʵʼˁʾʴ ʺʼˀˁʴˆˇˌʶˍˁʴ ʠ
˭ˢˣ˧ˬˠ˔˟˜˭ˢ˪˔ˡ˔ʟ ˖ˢ ˣˢ˭˪˔˟˔ ˭˔ˠˢˡ˧ˢ˪˔͙ ˝͗ ˠ˔˞˦ˬˠ˔˟ˡ˜˘
˕˟˜˦˞ˢ Ν˖˜˔ˡˬ ˕ˢ˖˭ˡ˘˝ ˜ ˢ˦˭˖˭ͩ˗˭˜͙ ˣˢ˪˜˘˥˭˖˛ˡ˜ͩ ˪ ˣˢ˞ˢ˝˨ʡ ʷʿʴʶˍʸʺ˂ ˀ˂ˁˇˈʽʸˀˌ ʽ͗ ˊ ʷ˂ˀˈʲ
ϥ ˃˅ˍˌʺ˂ˇ˂ˊˈʽʸ ʷ˂ ˊʠʹ
ʶ˘ˡ˔ʭ ʤ ʣʬʬʟʣʣ ˭·
ϥ ˅˂ˍˊʼʽʴ ʾ˂˂˅ʷˌˁʴʶʽͨ
ϥ ˍʴ˃˂ʵʼʸʺʴ ˊʴʷ˂ˀ ˃˂ˆˇʴˊˌ
ϥ ˃˂ˀʴʺʴ ˅˂ˍˊʼʽʴ͘ ˇʴʿʸˁˇˌ
ϥ ˆʾˈˇʸʶˍˁʼʸ ˍˊʴʿʶˍʴ ˁˈʷͨ
ʷ˥˔˕˜ˡ˞˔ ˚˜ˠˡ˔˦˧ˬ˖˭ˡ˔ ʾˢˠ˘˧˔ ˁ˘˫˧ ʤ
ϥ ˊˌʾˆˍˇʴΆʶʴ ʷ˂ʵ˅ʸ ˁʴˊˌʾʼ
ϥ ˍʴˆˇͨ˃ˈʽʸ ˃ʿʴʶ ˍʴʵʴˊ
ʾˢˠ˘˧˔ ˁ˘˫˧ʠʤ ˝˘˦˧ ˞˟˔˦ˬ˖˭ˡ͗ ˗˥˔˕˜ˡ˞͗ ˠˢˡ˧ˢ˪˔ˡ͗ ϥ
ˣ˥˭ˬΝ˖˜˘ˡˡ˜˘ʟ ˞˧ͅ˥˔ ˣˢ˦˜˔˗˔ ˭˔˥ͅ˪ˡˢ ˥˘˚˨˟ˢ˪˔ˡˬ ˗˥͗κ˘˞ ϥ ˃˂˃˅ʴˊʼʴ ʾ˂ˁʷˌʶʽͨ
˚˜ˠˡ˔˦˧ˬ˖˭ˡˬʟ ˝˔˞ ˥ͅ˪ˡ˜˘κ ˠˢκ˟˜˪ˢΝ͙ ˥˘˚˨˟ˢ˪˔ˡ˜˔ ˡ˔ ˝˔˞˜˘˝
ϥ ˍʴʶʻͨʶʴ ʷ˂ ˆ˃˂˅ˇˈ
˪ˬ˦ˢ˞ˢΝ˖˜ ˠˢˡ˧˨˝˘ˠˬ ˥ͩ˞˔˪˞˜ ·͗˖˭͗˖˘ ˗˥˔˕˜ˡ˞ͩ ˭˘ Ν˖˜˔ˡ͗
ϥ ˅˂ˍΆʴʷ˂ˊˈʽʸ ʸˁʸ˅ʺʼͨ
˕ˢ˖˭ˡ͗ʡ ʷ˥͗κ˘˞ʟ ˞˧ͅ˥˘˚ˢ ˪ˬ˦ˢ˞ˢΝ͙ ˠˢκ˘ˠˬ ˥˘˚˨˟ˢ˪˔͙ʟ
ϥ ʽʸˆˇ ʷʿʴ ˊˆˍˌˆˇʾʼʶʻ
˥ˢΝˡ˜˘ ˪˥˔˭ ˭ ˗˭˜˘˖˞˜˘ˠʡ ˅˘˚˨˟ˢ˪˔ˡ˘ ˥ͩ˞˔˪˞˜ ˣˢ˭˪˔˟˔˝͗ʟ ˔˕ˬ
˗˥˔˕˜ˡ˞˔ ˚˜ˠˡ˔˦˧ˬ˖˭ˡ˔ ʾˢˠ˘˧˔ ˁ˘˫˧ʠʤ ˦˧˔ˡͩ·˔ ˡ˔˪˘˧ ˪ ϥ ˃˂ʵˈʷˍʴ ˊˌ˂ʵ˅ʴηˁʼͨ
˥ˢ˚˨ˢ˚˨ ˣˢ˞ˢ˝˨ʡ ʷ˭˜ͩ˞˜ ˧˘ˠ˨ ˥ˢ˭˪˜͗˭˔ˡ˜˨ ˠˢκˡ˔ ˧˘κ ˢˠ˜ˡ͙͗ ˥˨˥ˬ
˥ ϥ ˃˂ˀʴʺʴ ˊ ˊʴʿʶʸ ˍ ˁʴʷˊʴʺ͖
˖˭ˬ ˞˔˟ˢ˥ˬ˙˘˥ ˪ Ν˖˜˔ˡ˜˘ʟ ˔ ˗˥˔˕˜ˡ˞ͩ ˭˔ˠˢˡ˧ˢ˪˔͙ ˡ˔ ˪˜˘˥˭˖˛ʡ
ʶ˘ˡ˔ʭ ʤ ʣʬʬʟʣʣ ˭· ˀʴΆ˃ʼˆˍ˂ˁ ʴ˟˜ˡ˔ ʷ˔˥˜˕˔˭˔˥ˢˡ
˨˟ʡ Ά˘ˣ˞ˢ˪˦˞˜˘˚ˢ ʫʢʦʤʟ ʦʤʠʧʥʦ ʾ˥˔˞ͅ˪
˪˪˪ʡˠ˔˟ˣ˜˦˭ˢˡʡˣ˟

ʴ˞˥ˢ˕˔˧˔

˃˟˔˖ ˭˔˕˔˪ ʴ˞˥ˢ˕˔˧˔ ϛ ˝˘˦˧ ˪˜˘˟ˢ˙˨ˡ˞˖˝ˢˡ˔˟ˡˬˠ ˣ˟˔˖˘ˠ
˭˔˕˔˪ ˣ˥˭˘˪˜˗˭˜˔ˡˬˠ ˗ˢ ˠˢˡ˧˔κ˨ ˪ ˢ˚˥ͅ˗˞˔˖˛ʡ ʴ˞˥ˢ˕˔˧˔
ʷ˟˔ ˗˭˜˘˖˜ ˣ˘·ˡˬ˖˛ ˘ˡ˘˥˚˜˜ ˜ ˣˢˠˬ˦·ͅ˪ ˝˘˦˧ ˪ˬˣˢ˦˔κˢˡˬ ˪ ˪˜˘˟˘ ˣ˥˭ˬ˥˭͗˗ͅ˪ ˗ˢ ͙˪˜˖˭˘Ήʟ ˗˭˜ͩ˞˜
˞˧ͅ˥ˬˠ ˗˭˜˘˖˜ ˠ˔˝͗ ˠˢκ˟˜˪ˢΝ͙ ˥ˢ˭˪˜˝˔͙ ˞ˢˢ˥˗ˬˡ˔˖˝ͩ ˥˨˖˛ͅ˪ʟ
ˆ˞˟˘ˣ ˀʴΆ˃ʼˆˍ˂ˁʡˣ˟ ˣˢ˪˦˧˔· ˭ ˠˬΝ˟͗ ˢ ˗˭˜˘˖˜˔˖˛ ˭ ˡ˜˘˦ˣˢκˬ˧ˬˠ ˭˔ˣ˔˦˘ˠ ˘ˡ˘˥˚˜˜ ˜ ˭ ˠˬΝ˟͗
˦˜·ͩ ˜ ˦ˣ˥˔˪ˡˢΝ͙ ˙˜˭ˬ˖˭ˡ͗ʟ ˝˔˞ ˥ͅ˪ˡ˜˘κ ˭˪ˬ˖˭˔˝ˡ˜˘ ˪˘˦ˢ·ˢ
ˢ ˥ˢ˗˭˜˖˔˖˛ Ν˪˜˔˗ˢˠˬ˖˛ ˦˪ˢ˝˘˝ ˥ˢ˟˜ ˪ ˣ˥˭ˬ˦˪˔˝˔ˡ˜˨ ˗˭˜˘˖˜ˢˠ ˭˗˥ˢ˪ˬ˖˛ ˡ˔˪ˬ˞ͅ˪ ˝˨κ ˢ˗
˦ˣͩ˗˭˔͙ ˖˭˔˦ ˡ˔ Ν˪˜˘κˬˠ ˣˢ˪˜˘˧˥˭˨ʡ ˍ ˧˔˞˜ˠ ˭˘˦˧˔˪˘ˠ
˪˖˭˘˦ˡˬ˖˛ ˟˔˧ ˭ˬ˖˜˔ʡ
˗˥˔˕˜ˡ˘˞ ˚˜ˠˡ˔˦˧ˬ˖˭ˡˬ˖˛ ˜ ˔˞˖˘˦ˢ˥˜ͅ˪ ˦ˣˢ˥˧ˢ˪ˬ˖˛ ˞˔κ˗˘
˗˭˜˘˖˞ˢ˭˜˘˖˞ˢ ˭ˠ˜˘ˡ˜ ˦˜ͩ ˪ ˣ˥˔˪˗˭˜˪˘˚ˢ ˔˞˥ˢ˕˔˧ͩ ˭˔˟˘˗˪˜˘ ˪
ˇˬ˟˞ˢ ˪ˬ˕˥˔ˡˬ ˦ˣ˥˭ͩ˧ ˪ˬ˦ˢ˞˜˘˝ ˝˔˞ˢΝ˖˜ ˗
˖˜͗˚˨ ˝˘˗ˡ˘˚ˢ ˦˘˭ˢˡ˨ ˟˘˧ˡ˜˘˚ˢʔ
ʿ˔˧˔ ˗ˢΝ˪˜˔˗˖˭˘ˡ˜˔ ˡ˔ ˥ˬˡ˞˨ ˣˢ˭˪ˢ˟˜·ˬ ˡ˔ˠ ˢ˖˘ˡ˜͙ ˡ˜˘˝˘˗ˡ˘˚ˢ ˣ˥ˢ˗˨˖˘ˡ˧˔ ˪ˬ˥ˢ˕ͅ˪
ʶ˘ˡ˔ʭ ʥ ʣʣʣʟʣʣ ˭·
˦ˣˢ˥˧ˢ˪ˬ˖˛ ˗˟˔ ˗˭˜˘˖˜ ˜ ˪ˬ˕˥˔͙ ˗ˢ ˦˪ˢ˝˘˝ ˢ˙˘˥˧ˬ ˧ˬ˟˞ˢ ˧˘ ˔˥˧ˬ˞˨·ˬʟ ˞˧ͅ˥ˬ˖˛ ˝˔˞ˢΝ͙ ˪ˬ˞ˢˡ˔ʠ
ˡ˜˔ ˭˔˗ˢ˪ˢ˟˜·˔˕ˬ ˡ˔˦ ˦˔ˠˬ˖˛ ˜ ˡ˔˦˭˘ ˗˭˜˘˖˜ ˝˔˞ˢ ˞ˢˡ˦˨ˠ˘ˡ˧ͅ˪ʡ

ˊ˦ˣ˔˥˖˜˘ ˗˟˔ ˜ˡ˜˖˝˔˧ˬ˪ ˦ˣˢ˥˧ˢ˪ˬ˖˛
ʽ˔˞ˢ ˗˭˜˘˖˜ͩ˖ˬ ˦˞˟˘ˣ ˦ˣˢ˥˧ˢ˪ˬ ˖˜͗˚˟˘ ˪˦ˣ˜˘˥˔ˠˬ ˔˞˧ˬ˪ˡˢΝ͙ ˢ˥˚˔ˡ˜˭˔˖˝˜ ˜ ˕˟ˢ˚˘˥ͅ˪
ˠ˔˝͗˖˘ ˡ˔ ˖˘˟˨ ˣ˥ˢˣ˔˚ˢ˪˔ˡ˜˘ ˭˗˥ˢ˪˘˚ˢ ˧˥ˬ˕˨ κˬ˖˜˔ ˜ ˨ˣ˥˔˪˜˔ˡ˜˔ ˦ˣˢ˥˧˨ʡ
ˀ˔˧˘˥˔˖ ʤʨʣ˫ʤʣʣ˫ʤʣ
ʶ˘ˡ˔ʭ ʦʨʣʟʣʣ ˭· ϛ ʦʬʩʟʣʣ ˭·

ʷ˥˔˕˜ˡ˞˔ ˚˜ˠˡ˔˦˧ˬ˖˭ˡ˔ ʾˢˠ˘˧˔ ʨ
ʷ˥˔˕˜ˡ˞˔ ˚˜ˠˡ˔˦˧ˬ˖˭ˡ˔ ʾˢˠ˘˧˔ʠʨ ˝˘˦˧ ˕˘˦˧˦˘˟˟˘˥˘ˠ ˪Ν˥ͅ˗
˥ˢ˭ˣˢ˥ˢ˪ˬ˖˛ ˭˘˦˧˔˪ͅ˪ ˚˜ˠˡ˔˦˧ˬ˖˭ˡˬ˖˛ʡ ʷ˥˔˕˜ˡ˞˔ ˭˔˝ˠ˨˝˘
ˠ˜ˡ˜ˠ˨ˠ ˠ˜˘˝˦˖˔ ˪ ˣˢ˞ˢ˝˨ʟ ˔ ˦ˬ˦˧˘ˠ ˥ˢ˭ˣˢ˥ˢ˪ˬ ˣˢ˭˪˔˟˔
ˡ˔ ˠˢˡ˧˔κ ˕˘˭ κ˔˗ˡ˘˚ˢ ˨˦˭˖˭˘˥˕˞˨ ˗˟˔ Ν˖˜˔ˡʡ ʾˢˠ˘˧˔ʠʨ
ˣˢ˦˜˔˗˔ ˗˥͗κ˘˞ ˚˜ˠˡ˔˦˧ˬ˖˭ˡˬ ˠˢˡ˧ˢ˪˔ˡˬ ˡ˜˘˭˔˟˘κˡ˜˘ ˢ˗
˖˔·˘˝ ˞ˢˡ˦˧˥˨˞˖˝˜ ˗˥˔˕˜ˡ˞˜ ˚˜ˠˡ˔˦˧ˬ˖˭ˡ˘˝ ˜ ˠˢκ˘ ˭ˢ˦˧˔͙
˨ˠ˜˘˦˭˖˭ˢˡˬ ˡ˔ ˗ˢ˪ˢ˟ˡ˘˝ ˪ˬ˦ˢ˞ˢΝ˖˜ ˗˥˔˕˜ˡ˞˜ʟ ˔ ˪˥˔˭ ˭ ˡ˜ˠ
˥ͅ˪ˡ˜˘κͅ˪ˡ˜˘κ ˔˞˖˘˦ˢ˥˜˔ ˚˜ˠˡ˔˦˧ˬ˖˭ˡ˘ ˗ˢ·͗˖˭ˢˡ˘ ˪ ˪ˬˣˢ˦˔κ˘ˡ˜˨
˥
˗ˢ ˭˘˦˧˔˪˨ʭ ˞ͅ·˞˔ʟ ˟˜ˡ˔ ˜ ˧˥˔ˣ˘˭ʡ ʺͅ˥ˡ˔ ˥˔ˠ˔ ˗˥˔˕˜ˡ˞˜ ˝˘˦˧
ʷ˅ʴʵʼˁʾʴ ʺʼˀˁʴˆˇˌʶˍˁʴ ʠ
˭ˢˣ˧ˬˠ˔˟˜˭ˢ˪˔ˡ˔ʟ ˖ˢ ˣˢ˭˪˔˟˔ ˭˔ˠˢˡ˧ˢ˪˔͙ ˝͗ ˠ˔˞˦ˬˠ˔˟ˡ˜˘
˕˟˜˦˞ˢ Ν˖˜˔ˡˬ ˕ˢ˖˭ˡ˘˝ ˜ ˢ˦˭˖˭ͩ˗˭˜͙ ˣˢ˪˜˘˥˭˖˛ˡ˜ͩ ˪ ˣˢ˞ˢ˝˨ʡ ʷʿʴʶˍʸʺ˂ ˀ˂ˁˇˈʽʸˀˌ ʽ͗ ˊ ʷ˂ˀˈʲ
ϥ ˃˅ˍˌʺ˂ˇ˂ˊˈʽʸ ʷ˂ ˊʠʹ
ʶ˘ˡ˔ʭ ʤ ʣʬʬʟʣʣ ˭·
ϥ ˅˂ˍˊʼʽʴ ʾ˂˂˅ʷˌˁʴʶʽͨ
ϥ ˍʴ˃˂ʵʼʸʺʴ ˊʴʷ˂ˀ ˃˂ˆˇʴˊˌ
ϥ ˃˂ˀʴʺʴ ˅˂ˍˊʼʽʴ͘ ˇʴʿʸˁˇˌ
ϥ ˆʾˈˇʸʶˍˁʼʸ ˍˊʴʿʶˍʴ ˁˈʷͨ
ʷ˥˔˕˜ˡ˞˔ ˚˜ˠˡ˔˦˧ˬ˖˭ˡ˔ ʾˢˠ˘˧˔ ˁ˘˫˧ ʤ
ϥ ˊˌʾˆˍˇʴΆʶʴ ʷ˂ʵ˅ʸ ˁʴˊˌʾʼ
ʾˢˠ˘˧˔ ˁ˘˫˧ʠʤ ˝˘˦˧ ˞˟˔˦ˬ˖˭ˡ͗ ˗˥˔˕˜ˡ˞͗ ˠˢˡ˧ˢ˪˔ˡ͗ ϥ
ϥ ˍʴˆˇͨ˃ˈʽʸ ˃ʿʴʶ ˍʴʵʴˊ
ˣ˥˭ˬΝ˖˜˘ˡˡ˜˘ʟ ˞˧ͅ˥˔ ˣˢ˦˜˔˗˔ ˭˔˥ͅ˪ˡˢ ˥˘˚˨˟ˢ˪˔ˡˬ ˗˥͗κ˘˞ ϥ ˃˂˃˅ʴˊʼʴ ʾ˂ˁʷˌʶʽͨ
˚˜ˠˡ˔˦˧ˬ˖˭ˡˬʟ ˝˔˞ ˥ͅ˪ˡ˜˘κ ˠˢκ˟˜˪ˢΝ͙ ˥˘˚˨˟ˢ˪˔ˡ˜˔ ˡ˔ ˝˔˞˜˘˝
ϥ ˍʴʶʻͨʶʴ ʷ˂ ˆ˃˂˅ˇˈ
˪ˬ˦ˢ˞ˢΝ˖˜ ˠˢˡ˧˨˝˘ˠˬ ˥ͩ˞˔˪˞˜ ·͗˖˭͗˖˘ ˗˥˔˕˜ˡ˞ͩ ˭˘ Ν˖˜˔ˡ͗
ϥ ˅˂ˍΆʴʷ˂ˊˈʽʸ ʸˁʸ˅ʺʼͨ
˕ˢ˖˭ˡ͗ʡ ʷ˥͗κ˘˞ʟ ˞˧ͅ˥˘˚ˢ ˪ˬ˦ˢ˞ˢΝ͙ ˠˢκ˘ˠˬ ˥˘˚˨˟ˢ˪˔͙ʟ
ϥ ʽʸˆˇ ʷʿʴ ˊˆˍˌˆˇʾʼʶʻ
˥ˢΝˡ˜˘ ˪˥˔˭ ˭ ˗˭˜˘˖˞˜˘ˠʡ ˅˘˚˨˟ˢ˪˔ˡ˘ ˥ͩ˞˔˪˞˜ ˣˢ˭˪˔˟˔˝͗ʟ ˔˕ˬ
˗˥˔˕˜ˡ˞˔ ˚˜ˠˡ˔˦˧ˬ˖˭ˡ˔ ʾˢˠ˘˧˔ ˁ˘˫˧ʠʤ ˦˧˔ˡͩ·˔ ˡ˔˪˘˧ ˪ ϥ ˃˂ʵˈʷˍʴ ˊˌ˂ʵ˅ʴηˁʼͨ
˥ˢ˚˨ˢ˚˨ ˣˢ˞ˢ˝˨ʡ ʷ˭˜ͩ˞˜ ˧˘ˠ˨ ˥ˢ˭˪˜͗˭˔ˡ˜˨ ˠˢκˡ˔ ˧˘κ ˢˠ˜ˡ͙͗ ˥˨˥ˬ
˥ ϥ ˃˂ˀʴʺʴ ˊ ˊʴʿʶʸ ˍ ˁʴʷˊʴʺ͖
˖˭ˬ ˞˔˟ˢ˥ˬ˙˘˥ ˪ Ν˖˜˔ˡ˜˘ʟ ˔ ˗˥˔˕˜ˡ˞ͩ ˭˔ˠˢˡ˧ˢ˪˔͙ ˡ˔ ˪˜˘˥˭˖˛ʡ
ʶ˘ˡ˔ʭ ʤ ʣʬʬʟʣʣ ˭· ˀʴΆ˃ʼˆˍ˂ˁ ʴ˟˜ˡ˔ ʷ˔˥˜˕˔˭˔˥ˢˡ
˨˟ʡ Ά˘ˣ˞ˢ˪˦˞˜˘˚ˢ ʫʢʦʤʟ ʦʤʠʧʥʦ ʾ˥˔˞ͅ˪
˪˪˪ʡˠ˔˟ˣ˜˦˭ˢˡʡˣ˟





3°ñē Ñ ñÝ°ã÷ĖÄȤ ÜüèôÄ ñçüôĖÄ»þÛļÑÄȩ



4ÑÄÜüèôÄ ã°÷ĖÄ ñôçÀþÜüē ñç÷Ñ°À°Û· ¼ÄôüēķÜ°ü øôçÀÜèđ ÀēÀ°Üüē¼Ėãē¼Ð Ė°Ýļ°ãē¼Ð Àç þęēüÜþ ÷ĖÜçÝãÄÎçȩ

ã°À°ãē ñôĖÄĖ 3ÑãÑ÷üô° ÀþÜ°¼ÛÑ 4°ôçÀçđÄÛ Ñ HñçôüþȮ

1DV]D RIHUWD WR SRPRFH G\GDNW\F]QH PDS\ V]NROQH PDS\ ǴFLHQQH SODQV]H HGXNDF\MQH SODQV]H MǗ]\NRZH WDEOLFH LQWHUDNW\ZQH

SURJUDP\ HGXNDF\MQH SRPRFH L JU\ SU]HGV]NROQH WDEOLFH G\GDNW\F]QH JOREXV\ RUD] ODPLQRZDQH PD’H IRUPDW\ SRGN’DGNL QD
ELXUNR :V]\VWNLH SODQV]H G\GDNW\F]QH L PDS\ Vnj REXVWURQQLH ODPLQRZDQH PDMnj G’XJnj Ȉ\ZRWQRǴǎ L ]DFKRZXMnj WUZD’RǴǎ NRORUyZ































































HL# . NE8 EL -ôē÷üÑ°ã -çâ°ãÀÄô

8Àôçđ·ę þÝȩ XÑÄÛ÷Ü° Ƶƻ Ȥ ƸƻɎƷƵƺ èô°ęÀęÄ
üÄÝȩȣ ʖƸƼ ƻƻ Ƹƺƻƻ ƷƼƼȤ âç»ÑÝȣ ʖƸƼ ƹƴƶ ƹƶƸ ƺƼƽ
đđđȮâ°ñē÷ĖÜçÝãÄȮñÝ

3°ñē Ñ ñÝ°ã÷ĖÄȤ ÜüèôÄ ñçüôĖÄ»þÛļÑÄȩ



4ÑÄÜüèôÄ ã°÷ĖÄ ñôçÀþÜüē ñç÷Ñ°À°Û· ¼ÄôüēķÜ°ü øôçÀÜèđ ÀēÀ°Üüē¼Ėãē¼Ð Ė°Ýļ°ãē¼Ð Àç þęēüÜþ ÷ĖÜçÝãÄÎçȩ

ã°À°ãē ñôĖÄĖ 3ÑãÑ÷üô° ÀþÜ°¼ÛÑ 4°ôçÀçđÄÛ Ñ HñçôüþȮ

1DV]D RIHUWD WR SRPRFH G\GDNW\F]QH PDS\ V]NROQH PDS\ ǴFLHQQH SODQV]H HGXNDF\MQH SODQV]H MǗ]\NRZH WDEOLFH LQWHUDNW\ZQH

SURJUDP\ HGXNDF\MQH SRPRFH L JU\ SU]HGV]NROQH WDEOLFH G\GDNW\F]QH JOREXV\ RUD] ODPLQRZDQH PD’H IRUPDW\ SRGN’DGNL QD
ELXUNR :V]\VWNLH SODQV]H G\GDNW\F]QH L PDS\ Vnj REXVWURQQLH ODPLQRZDQH PDMnj G’XJnj Ȉ\ZRWQRǴǎ L ]DFKRZXMnj WUZD’RǴǎ NRORUyZ































































HL# . NE8 EL -ôē÷üÑ°ã -çâ°ãÀÄô

8Àôçđ·ę þÝȩ XÑÄÛ÷Ü° Ƶƻ Ȥ ƸƻɎƷƵƺ èô°ęÀęÄ
üÄÝȩȣ ʖƸƼ ƻƻ Ƹƺƻƻ ƷƼƼȤ âç»ÑÝȣ ʖƸƼ ƹƴƶ ƹƶƸ ƺƼƽ
đđđȮâ°ñē÷ĖÜçÝãÄȮñÝ

Μˊʼʴˇ ʷ˅ʸˊˁʼʴˁˌʶʻ ˍʴʵʴˊʸʾʡ

ˍ˔˕˔˪˞˜ ˪ˬ˞ˢˡ˔ˡ˘ ˭ ˪ˬ˦ˢ˞˜˘˝ ˝˔˞ˢΝ˖˜ ˗˥˘˪ˡ˔ʡ ʵ˘˭ˣ˜˘˖˭ˡ˘ ˗˟˔ ˗˭˜˘˖˜ ʟ ˣˢ˦˜˔˗˔˝͗˖˘
˖˘˥˧ˬ˙˜˞˔˧ˬ ˣ˥ˢ˗˨˖˘ˡ˧ͅ˪ ˜ ˦ˣ˘·ˡ˜˔˝͗˖˘ ˪˦˭ˬ˦˧˞˜˘ ˡˢ˥ˠˬʡ

ˁ˔˦˭˘ ˣ˥ˢ˗˨˞˧ˬ ˖˘˖˛˨˝˘ ˦˧˔˥˔ˡˡˢΝ͙ ˪ˬ˞ˢˡ˔ˡ˜˔ ˜ ˪ˬ˦ˢ˞˔ ˘˦˧˘˧ˬ˞˔ʡ ˂˙˘˥˨˝˘ˠˬ ˃˔Ή˦˧˪˨
˭˔˕˔˪˞˜ ˠ˜ˡ˜ˠ˔˟˜˦˧ˬ˖˭ˡ˘ ˪ ˞ˢ˟ˢ˥ˬ˦˧ˬ˖˘ ˣ˥˭ˬ˝˔˭ˡ˘˝ ˗˟˔ ˢ˞˔ ʟ ˞˧ͅ˥˘ ˗ˢ˦˞ˢˡ˔˟˘ ˣˢ˕˨˗˭͗
ˡ˔˦˭ˬ˖˛ ˡ˔˝ˠ·ˢ˗˦˭ˬ˖˛ ˞˟˜˘ˡ˧ͅ˪ ˗ˢ ˣˢ˭ˡ˔˪˔ˡ˜˔ ˢ˧˔˖˭˔˝͗˖˘˚ˢ ˜˖˛ Ν˪˜˔˧˔ʡ

ʷˢ˗˔˧˞ˢ˪ˢ ˡ˔˦˭˘ ˭˔˕˔˪˞˜ ˥ˢ˭˪˜˝˔˝͗ ˭˗ˢ˟ˡˢΝ˖˜ ˠ˔ˡ˨˔˟ˡ˘ ʟ ˠˢ˧ˢ˥ˬ˖˭ˡ˘ ˜ ˨˖˭͗ ˞ˢˡ˖˘ˡ˧˥˔˖˝˜
˦͗ ˣˢˠˢ˖ˡ˘ ˪ ˡ˔˨˖˘ ˣ˜˦˔ˡ˜˔ ʟ ˟˜˖˭˘ˡ˜˔ ˜ ˖˭ˬ˧˔ˡ˜˔ʡ

ˊ ˊ ˡ˔˦˭˘˝ ˦˭˘˥ˢ˞˜˘˝ ˢ˙˘˥˖˜˘ ˭ˡ˔˝˗͗ ˃˔Ή˦˧˪ˢ ˣ˥ˢ˗˨˞˧ˬ ˗˟˔ ˞˜˟˞˨ ˚˥˨ˣ ˪˜˘˞ˢ˪ˬ˖˛ʭ ˢ˗
ˡˢ˪ˢ˥ˢ˗˞˔ ˣ˥˭˘˭ ˢ˞˥˘˦ ˡ˜˘ˠˢ˪˟ͩ˖ˬ ˜ ˣ˥˭˘˗˦˭˞ˢ˟ˡˬ ˔κ ˗ˢ ˘˧˔ˣ˨ ˪˖˭˘˦ˡˢ˦˭˞ˢ˟ˡ˘˚ˢʡ
ʶˢ ˡ˔˟˘κˬ ˪˜˘˗˭˜˘͙ ˢ ˗˥˘˪ˡ˜˔ˡˬ˖˛ ˭˔˕˔˪˞˔˖˛ʲ

ˍ˔˕˔˪˞˜ ˪ˬ˞ˢˡ˔ˡ˘ ˭ ˗˥˘˪ˡ˔ ˖˛˔˥˔˞˧˘˥ˬ˭˨˝͗ ˦˜ͩ ˪ˬ˝͗˧˞ˢ˪͗ ˧˥˪˔·ˢΝ˖˜͗ ˜ ˡ˜˘ ˭˔˪˜˘˥˔˝͗
˦˭˞ˢ˗˟˜˪ˬ˖˛ ˦˨˕˦˧˔ˡ˖˝˜ʡ ˇˢ ˕˔˥˗˭ˢ ˪˔κˡ˘ʟ ˦˭˖˭˘˚ͅ˟ˡ˜˘ ˪ ˣ˜˘˥˪˦˭ˬˠ ˢ˞˥˘˦˜˘ κˬ˖˜˔ʟ ˪ ˞˧ͅ˥ˬˠ
ˠ˔˟˨˖˛ˬ ˠ˔˝͗ ˧˘ˡ˗˘ˡ˖˝ͩ ˗ˢ ˪˞·˔˗˔ˡ˜˔ ˪˦˭ˬ˦˧˞˜˘˚ˢ ˗ˢ ˕˨˭˜ʡ ˂˕˘˖ˡ˜˘ ˪ ˦˞˟˘ˣ˔˖˛ ˭ˡ˔˟˘θ͙
ˠˢκˡ˔ ˦˭˘˥ˢ˞͗ ˚˔ˠͩ ˭˔˕˔˪˘˞ ˪ˬ˞ˢˡ˔ˡˬ˖˛ ˭ ˗˥˘˪ˡ˔ʡ ˊ ˧˥˔˞˖˜˘ ˭˔˞˨ˣ˨ ˡ˔˝˟˘ˣ˜˘˝ ˞˜˘˥ˢ˪˔͙
˦˜ͩ ˝˔˞ˢΝ˖˜͗ϛ ˧˔Ή˦˭˘ ˘˚˭˘ˠˣ˟˔˥˭˘ ˠˢ˚͗ ˠ˜˘͙ ˭˔˗˭˜ˢ˥ˬ ˢ˥˔˭ ˢ˦˧˥˘ ˞˥˔˪ͩ˗˭˜˘ʡ ˁ˔˟˘κˬ
ˣ˔ˠ˜ͩ˧˔͙ʟ κ˘ ˢ˗ˣˢ˪˜˘˗ˡ˜ˢ ˗ˢ˕˥˔ˡ˔ ˭˔˕˔˪˞˔ʟ ˧ˢ ˧˔˞˔ʟ ˞˧ͅ˥˔ ˣ˘·ˡ˜ ˙˨ˡ˞˖˝ͩ ˣˢ˭ˡ˔˪˖˭͗ ˢ˥˔˭
˘˗˨˞˔˖ˬ˝ˡ͗ʟ ˔ ˗ˢ˗˔˧˞ˢ˪ˢ ˦ˣ˘·ˡ˜˔ ˪˦˭ˬ˦˧˞˜˘ ˢ˕ˢ˪˜͗˭˨˝͗˖˘ ˡˢ˥ˠˬ ˕˘˭ˣ˜˘˖˭˘Ή˦˧˪˔ʡ
ˍ˔˕˔˪˞˜ʟ˔˕˔˪˞˜ʟ ˡ˔˪˘˧ ˧˘ ˗˥˘˪ˡ˜˔ˡ˘ʟ ˣˢ˪˜ˡˡˬ ˕ˬ͙ ˗ˢˣ˔˦ˢ˪˔ˡ˘ ˜ˡ˗ˬ˪˜˗˨˔˟ˡ˜˘ʟ ˪ ˭˔˟˘κˡˢΝ˖˜ ˢ˗
ˍ
˪˜˘˞˨ ˜ ˥ˢ˭˪ˢ˝˨ ˗˭˜˘˖˞˔ʡ ˁ˔˝˕˔˥˗˭˜˘˝ ˨ˡ˜˪˘˥˦˔˟ˡ͗ ˗˥˘˪ˡ˜˔ˡ͗ ˭˔˕˔˪˞͗ʟ ˭ ˝˔˞͗ ˦ˣˢ˧˞˔˝͗ ˦˜ͩ
˃˔Ή˦˧˪ˢ ˪ ˦˞˟˘ˣ˔˖˛ʟ ˦͗ ˞˟ˢ˖˞˜ʡ

ʷ˟˔˖˭˘˚ˢ ˪˔˥˧ˢ ˞˨ˣˢ˪˔͙ ˗˭˜˘˖˜ˢˠ ˗˥˘˪ˡ˜˔ˡ˘ ˞˟ˢ˖˞˜ʲ
ʷ˥˘˪ˡ˜˔ˡ˘ ˞˟ˢ˖˞˜ ˢ˗˚˥ˬ˪˔˝͗ ˪˔κˡ͗ ˥ˢ˟ͩ ˪ ˥ˢ˭˪ˢ˝˨ ˙˜˭ˬ˖˭ˡˬˠ ˜ ˨ˠˬ˦·ˢ˪ˬˠ
ˠ˔˟˨˖˛˔ʡ ʷ˭˜ͩ˞˜ ˡ˜ˠ ˗˭˜˘˖˞ˢ ˕ͩ˗˭˜˘ ˠˢ˚·ˢ ˥ˢ˭˪˜˝˔͙ ˨ˠ˜˘˝ͩ˧ˡˢΝ˖˜
˦˔ˠˢ˗˭˜˘˟ˡ˘˚ˢ ˜ ˧˪ͅ˥˖˭˘˚ˢ ˠˬΝ˟˘ˡ˜˔ʡ ˃ˢ˗˖˭˔˦ ˭˔˕˔˪ˬ ˗˥˘˪ˡ˜˔ˡˬˠ˜
˞˟ˢ˖˞˔ˠ˜ ˠ˔˟˨˖˛ ˠ˨˦˜ ˪ˬ˞˔˭˔͙ ˦˜ͩ ˪ˬ˝͗˧˞ˢ˪͗ ˣ˥˘˖ˬ˭˝͗ ˥˨˖˛ˢ˪͗ʟ ˣˢˡ˜˘˪˔κ
ˡ˔˪˘˧ ˡ˔˝˗˥ˢ˕ˡ˜˘˝˦˭˘ ˭˔˪˔˛˔ˡ˜˘ ˗·ˢˡ˜ ˠˢκ˘ ˗ˢˣ˥ˢ˪˔˗˭˜͙ ˗ˢ ˥ˢ˭˦ˬˣ˔ˡ˜˔ ˖˔·˘˝
˞
˞ˢˡ˦˧˥˨˞˖˝˜ʡ ˊ˔˥˧ˢ ˥ͅ˪ˡ˜˘κ ˪˜˘˗˭˜˘͙ʟ κ˘ ˗˥˘˪ˡ˜˔ˡ˘ ˞˟ˢ˖˞˜ ˥ˢ˭˪˜˝˔˝͗ ˠˢ˧ˢ˥ˬ˞ͩʟ ˡ˔˪˘˧ ˡ˔ ˢˡ˦˧˥˨˞˖˝˜ʡ ˊ˔˥˧ˢ ˥ͅ˪ˡ˜˘κ ˪˜˘˗˭˜˘͙ʟ κ˘ ˗˥˘˪ˡ˜˔ˡ˘ ˞˟ˢ˖˞˜ ˥ˢ˭˪˜˝˔˝͗ ˠˢ˧ˢ˥ˬ˞ͩʟ ˡ˔˪˘˧ ˡ˔
˪˖˭˘˦ˡˬˠ ˘˧˔ˣ˜˘ ˡ˜˘ˠˢ˪˟ͩ˖ˬˠʟ ˞˜˘˗ˬ ˧ˢ ˦˔ˠ˘ ˭·˔ˣ˔ˡ˜˘ ˭˔˕˔˪˞˜ ˦˧˔ˡˢ˪˜ ˡ˜˘ ˟˔˗˔
˪ˬ˭˪˔ˡ˜˘ʡ ʷ˥˘˪ˡ˜˔ˡ˘ ˞˟ˢ˖˞˜ ˡ˜˘ ˠ˔˝͗ Ν˖˜Ν˟˘ ˢ˞˥˘Ν˟ˢˡˬ˖˛ ˙˨ˡ˞˖˝˜ʟ ˗˟˔˧˘˚ˢ ˣˢ˗˖˭˔˦ ˭˔˕˔˪ˬ
ˠˢ˚͗ ˕ˬ͙ ˗ˢ˦·ˢ˪ˡ˜˘ ˪˦˭ˬ˦˧˞˜ˠ ʠ ˝˘˗ˬˡˬ ˢ˚˥˔ˡ˜˖˭ˡ˜˞ ˦˧˔ˡˢ˪˜ ˪ˬˢ˕˥˔θˡ˜˔ ˠ˔˟˨˖˛˔ʡ












ʷˈʷʼʷˈ
˨˟ʡ ˊ˜˔˥˨˦˔ ʧʧʢʦʤʟ ʦʥʠʣʫʪ ˍʼʸʿ˂ˁʾʼ
ˇ˘˟˘˙ˢˡʭ ʞʧʫ ʩʩʩ ʩʧʦ ʬʬʦ
˜ˡ˙ˢʳ˗˨˗˜˗˨ʡˣ˟
˪˪˪ʡ˗˨˗˜˗˨ʡˣ˟

Μˊʼʴˇ ʷ˅ʸˊˁʼʴˁˌʶʻ ˍʴʵʴˊʸʾʡ

ˍ˔˕˔˪˞˜ ˪ˬ˞ˢˡ˔ˡ˘ ˭ ˪ˬ˦ˢ˞˜˘˝ ˝˔˞ˢΝ˖˜ ˗˥˘˪ˡ˔ʡ ʵ˘˭ˣ˜˘˖˭ˡ˘ ˗˟˔ ˗˭˜˘˖˜ ʟ ˣˢ˦˜˔˗˔˝͗˖˘
˖˘˥˧ˬ˙˜˞˔˧ˬ ˣ˥ˢ˗˨˖˘ˡ˧ͅ˪ ˜ ˦ˣ˘·ˡ˜˔˝͗˖˘ ˪˦˭ˬ˦˧˞˜˘ ˡˢ˥ˠˬʡ

ˁ˔˦˭˘ ˣ˥ˢ˗˨˞˧ˬ ˖˘˖˛˨˝˘ ˦˧˔˥˔ˡˡˢΝ͙ ˪ˬ˞ˢˡ˔ˡ˜˔ ˜ ˪ˬ˦ˢ˞˔ ˘˦˧˘˧ˬ˞˔ʡ ˂˙˘˥˨˝˘ˠˬ ˃˔Ή˦˧˪˨
˭˔˕˔˪˞˜ ˠ˜ˡ˜ˠ˔˟˜˦˧ˬ˖˭ˡ˘ ˪ ˞ˢ˟ˢ˥ˬ˦˧ˬ˖˘ ˣ˥˭ˬ˝˔˭ˡ˘˝ ˗˟˔ ˢ˞˔ ʟ ˞˧ͅ˥˘ ˗ˢ˦˞ˢˡ˔˟˘ ˣˢ˕˨˗˭͗
ˡ˔˦˭ˬ˖˛ ˡ˔˝ˠ·ˢ˗˦˭ˬ˖˛ ˞˟˜˘ˡ˧ͅ˪ ˗ˢ ˣˢ˭ˡ˔˪˔ˡ˜˔ ˢ˧˔˖˭˔˝͗˖˘˚ˢ ˜˖˛ Ν˪˜˔˧˔ʡ

ʷˢ˗˔˧˞ˢ˪ˢ ˡ˔˦˭˘ ˭˔˕˔˪˞˜ ˥ˢ˭˪˜˝˔˝͗ ˭˗ˢ˟ˡˢΝ˖˜ ˠ˔ˡ˨˔˟ˡ˘ ʟ ˠˢ˧ˢ˥ˬ˖˭ˡ˘ ˜ ˨˖˭͗ ˞ˢˡ˖˘ˡ˧˥˔˖˝˜
˦͗ ˣˢˠˢ˖ˡ˘ ˪ ˡ˔˨˖˘ ˣ˜˦˔ˡ˜˔ ʟ ˟˜˖˭˘ˡ˜˔ ˜ ˖˭ˬ˧˔ˡ˜˔ʡ

ˊ ˊ ˡ˔˦˭˘˝ ˦˭˘˥ˢ˞˜˘˝ ˢ˙˘˥˖˜˘ ˭ˡ˔˝˗͗ ˃˔Ή˦˧˪ˢ ˣ˥ˢ˗˨˞˧ˬ ˗˟˔ ˞˜˟˞˨ ˚˥˨ˣ ˪˜˘˞ˢ˪ˬ˖˛ʭ ˢ˗
ˡˢ˪ˢ˥ˢ˗˞˔ ˣ˥˭˘˭ ˢ˞˥˘˦ ˡ˜˘ˠˢ˪˟ͩ˖ˬ ˜ ˣ˥˭˘˗˦˭˞ˢ˟ˡˬ ˔κ ˗ˢ ˘˧˔ˣ˨ ˪˖˭˘˦ˡˢ˦˭˞ˢ˟ˡ˘˚ˢʡ
ʶˢ ˡ˔˟˘κˬ ˪˜˘˗˭˜˘͙ ˢ ˗˥˘˪ˡ˜˔ˡˬ˖˛ ˭˔˕˔˪˞˔˖˛ʲ

ˍ˔˕˔˪˞˜ ˪ˬ˞ˢˡ˔ˡ˘ ˭ ˗˥˘˪ˡ˔ ˖˛˔˥˔˞˧˘˥ˬ˭˨˝͗ ˦˜ͩ ˪ˬ˝͗˧˞ˢ˪͗ ˧˥˪˔·ˢΝ˖˜͗ ˜ ˡ˜˘ ˭˔˪˜˘˥˔˝͗
˦˭˞ˢ˗˟˜˪ˬ˖˛ ˦˨˕˦˧˔ˡ˖˝˜ʡ ˇˢ ˕˔˥˗˭ˢ ˪˔κˡ˘ʟ ˦˭˖˭˘˚ͅ˟ˡ˜˘ ˪ ˣ˜˘˥˪˦˭ˬˠ ˢ˞˥˘˦˜˘ κˬ˖˜˔ʟ ˪ ˞˧ͅ˥ˬˠ
ˠ˔˟˨˖˛ˬ ˠ˔˝͗ ˧˘ˡ˗˘ˡ˖˝ͩ ˗ˢ ˪˞·˔˗˔ˡ˜˔ ˪˦˭ˬ˦˧˞˜˘˚ˢ ˗ˢ ˕˨˭˜ʡ ˂˕˘˖ˡ˜˘ ˪ ˦˞˟˘ˣ˔˖˛ ˭ˡ˔˟˘θ͙
ˠˢκˡ˔ ˦˭˘˥ˢ˞͗ ˚˔ˠͩ ˭˔˕˔˪˘˞ ˪ˬ˞ˢˡ˔ˡˬ˖˛ ˭ ˗˥˘˪ˡ˔ʡ ˊ ˧˥˔˞˖˜˘ ˭˔˞˨ˣ˨ ˡ˔˝˟˘ˣ˜˘˝ ˞˜˘˥ˢ˪˔͙
˦˜ͩ ˝˔˞ˢΝ˖˜͗ϛ ˧˔Ή˦˭˘ ˘˚˭˘ˠˣ˟˔˥˭˘ ˠˢ˚͗ ˠ˜˘͙ ˭˔˗˭˜ˢ˥ˬ ˢ˥˔˭ ˢ˦˧˥˘ ˞˥˔˪ͩ˗˭˜˘ʡ ˁ˔˟˘κˬ
ˣ˔ˠ˜ͩ˧˔͙ʟ κ˘ ˢ˗ˣˢ˪˜˘˗ˡ˜ˢ ˗ˢ˕˥˔ˡ˔ ˭˔˕˔˪˞˔ʟ ˧ˢ ˧˔˞˔ʟ ˞˧ͅ˥˔ ˣ˘·ˡ˜ ˙˨ˡ˞˖˝ͩ ˣˢ˭ˡ˔˪˖˭͗ ˢ˥˔˭
˘˗˨˞˔˖ˬ˝ˡ͗ʟ ˔ ˗ˢ˗˔˧˞ˢ˪ˢ ˦ˣ˘·ˡ˜˔ ˪˦˭ˬ˦˧˞˜˘ ˢ˕ˢ˪˜͗˭˨˝͗˖˘ ˡˢ˥ˠˬ ˕˘˭ˣ˜˘˖˭˘Ή˦˧˪˔ʡ
ˍ˔˕˔˪˞˜ʟ˔˕˔˪˞˜ʟ ˡ˔˪˘˧ ˧˘ ˗˥˘˪ˡ˜˔ˡ˘ʟ ˣˢ˪˜ˡˡˬ ˕ˬ͙ ˗ˢˣ˔˦ˢ˪˔ˡ˘ ˜ˡ˗ˬ˪˜˗˨˔˟ˡ˜˘ʟ ˪ ˭˔˟˘κˡˢΝ˖˜ ˢ˗
ˍ
˪˜˘˞˨ ˜ ˥ˢ˭˪ˢ˝˨ ˗˭˜˘˖˞˔ʡ ˁ˔˝˕˔˥˗˭˜˘˝ ˨ˡ˜˪˘˥˦˔˟ˡ͗ ˗˥˘˪ˡ˜˔ˡ͗ ˭˔˕˔˪˞͗ʟ ˭ ˝˔˞͗ ˦ˣˢ˧˞˔˝͗ ˦˜ͩ
˃˔Ή˦˧˪ˢ ˪ ˦˞˟˘ˣ˔˖˛ʟ ˦͗ ˞˟ˢ˖˞˜ʡ

ʷ˟˔˖˭˘˚ˢ ˪˔˥˧ˢ ˞˨ˣˢ˪˔͙ ˗˭˜˘˖˜ˢˠ ˗˥˘˪ˡ˜˔ˡ˘ ˞˟ˢ˖˞˜ʲ
ʷ˥˘˪ˡ˜˔ˡ˘ ˞˟ˢ˖˞˜ ˢ˗˚˥ˬ˪˔˝͗ ˪˔κˡ͗ ˥ˢ˟ͩ ˪ ˥ˢ˭˪ˢ˝˨ ˙˜˭ˬ˖˭ˡˬˠ ˜ ˨ˠˬ˦·ˢ˪ˬˠ
ˠ˔˟˨˖˛˔ʡ ʷ˭˜ͩ˞˜ ˡ˜ˠ ˗˭˜˘˖˞ˢ ˕ͩ˗˭˜˘ ˠˢ˚·ˢ ˥ˢ˭˪˜˝˔͙ ˨ˠ˜˘˝ͩ˧ˡˢΝ˖˜
˦˔ˠˢ˗˭˜˘˟ˡ˘˚ˢ ˜ ˧˪ͅ˥˖˭˘˚ˢ ˠˬΝ˟˘ˡ˜˔ʡ ˃ˢ˗˖˭˔˦ ˭˔˕˔˪ˬ ˗˥˘˪ˡ˜˔ˡˬˠ˜
˞˟ˢ˖˞˔ˠ˜ ˠ˔˟˨˖˛ ˠ˨˦˜ ˪ˬ˞˔˭˔͙ ˦˜ͩ ˪ˬ˝͗˧˞ˢ˪͗ ˣ˥˘˖ˬ˭˝͗ ˥˨˖˛ˢ˪͗ʟ ˣˢˡ˜˘˪˔κ
ˡ˔˪˘˧ ˡ˔˝˗˥ˢ˕ˡ˜˘˝˦˭˘ ˭˔˪˔˛˔ˡ˜˘ ˗·ˢˡ˜ ˠˢκ˘ ˗ˢˣ˥ˢ˪˔˗˭˜͙ ˗ˢ ˥ˢ˭˦ˬˣ˔ˡ˜˔ ˖˔·˘˝
˞
˞ˢˡ˦˧˥˨˞˖˝˜ʡ ˊ˔˥˧ˢ ˥ͅ˪ˡ˜˘κ ˪˜˘˗˭˜˘͙ʟ κ˘ ˗˥˘˪ˡ˜˔ˡ˘ ˞˟ˢ˖˞˜ ˥ˢ˭˪˜˝˔˝͗ ˠˢ˧ˢ˥ˬ˞ͩʟ ˡ˔˪˘˧ ˡ˔ ˢˡ˦˧˥˨˞˖˝˜ʡ ˊ˔˥˧ˢ ˥ͅ˪ˡ˜˘κ ˪˜˘˗˭˜˘͙ʟ κ˘ ˗˥˘˪ˡ˜˔ˡ˘ ˞˟ˢ˖˞˜ ˥ˢ˭˪˜˝˔˝͗ ˠˢ˧ˢ˥ˬ˞ͩʟ ˡ˔˪˘˧ ˡ˔
˪˖˭˘˦ˡˬˠ ˘˧˔ˣ˜˘ ˡ˜˘ˠˢ˪˟ͩ˖ˬˠʟ ˞˜˘˗ˬ ˧ˢ ˦˔ˠ˘ ˭·˔ˣ˔ˡ˜˘ ˭˔˕˔˪˞˜ ˦˧˔ˡˢ˪˜ ˡ˜˘ ˟˔˗˔
˪ˬ˭˪˔ˡ˜˘ʡ ʷ˥˘˪ˡ˜˔ˡ˘ ˞˟ˢ˖˞˜ ˡ˜˘ ˠ˔˝͗ Ν˖˜Ν˟˘ ˢ˞˥˘Ν˟ˢˡˬ˖˛ ˙˨ˡ˞˖˝˜ʟ ˗˟˔˧˘˚ˢ ˣˢ˗˖˭˔˦ ˭˔˕˔˪ˬ
ˠˢ˚͗ ˕ˬ͙ ˗ˢ˦·ˢ˪ˡ˜˘ ˪˦˭ˬ˦˧˞˜ˠ ʠ ˝˘˗ˬˡˬ ˢ˚˥˔ˡ˜˖˭ˡ˜˞ ˦˧˔ˡˢ˪˜ ˪ˬˢ˕˥˔θˡ˜˔ ˠ˔˟˨˖˛˔ʡ












ʷˈʷʼʷˈ
˨˟ʡ ˊ˜˔˥˨˦˔ ʧʧʢʦʤʟ ʦʥʠʣʫʪ ˍʼʸʿ˂ˁʾʼ
ˇ˘˟˘˙ˢˡʭ ʞʧʫ ʩʩʩ ʩʧʦ ʬʬʦ
˜ˡ˙ˢʳ˗˨˗˜˗˨ʡˣ˟
˪˪˪ʡ˗˨˗˜˗˨ʡˣ˟

ĬÜŵÜ
Ř đĥ Ň
ĢĬò


ĬŔŵ
Ň
Ü Ř












ʹ˜˥ˠ˔ Ϣʴʺ˅˂ʠʷʴˁˀʼˆϡ ʺ˥˔ˠˢ˪˦˖ˬ ˆˣʡʽʡ ˭ ˦˜˘˗˭˜˕͗ ˪ ʵ˨˞ˢ˪˖˨ ˪ˢ˝ʡ ˪˜˘˟˞ˢˣˢ˟˦˞˜˘
ˣˢ˪˦˧˔·˔ ˪ ʤʬʬʦ˥ʡ ʺˢ˦ˣˢ˗˔˥˨˝˘ ˡ˔ ʫʩʣ ˛˔ ˜ ˭˔˝ˠ˨˝ͩ ˦˜ͩ ˗˭˜˔·˔˟ˡˢΝ˖˜͗ ˪ ˭˔˞˥˘˦˜˘
ˣ˥ˢ˗˨˞˖˝˜ ˥ˢΝ˟˜ˡˡ˘˝ ˜ ˭˪˜˘˥˭ͩ˖˘˝ʟ ˪ ˧ˬˠ ˛ˢ˗ˢ˪˟͗ ˞ͅ˭ʠ ˦˧˔˗ˢ ˣˢ˗˦˧˔˪ˢ˪˘ ˪ˬˡˢ˦˜
ˢ˕˘˖ˡ˜˘ ʥʣʣʣ ˦˭˧˨˞ʡ ˆˣͅ·˞˔ ˭˔˝ˠ˨˝˘ ˦˜ͩ ˦˞˨ˣ˘ˠ ˠ˟˘˞˔ ˞ˢ˭˜˘˚ˢʟ ˝˘˚ˢ ˣ˥˭˘˧˪ͅ˥˦˧˪˘ˠ
˜ ˗ˬ˦˧˥ˬ˕˨˖˝͗ ˚ˢ˧ˢ˪ˬ˖˛ ˪ˬ˥ˢ˕ͅ˪ ˪ ˃ˢ˟˦˖˘ ˜ ˭˔ ˚˥˔ˡ˜˖͗ʡ ˊ ˖˭˘˥˪˖˨ ʥʣʣʩ ˣ˥˭ˬ
ˣˢˠˢ˖ˬ ˙˜ˡ˔ˡ˦ˢ˪˘˝ ˭ ˣ˥ˢ˚˥˔ˠ˨ ˆʴ˃ʴ˅ʷ ˭ˢ˦˧˔· ˢ˗˗˔ˡˬ ˗ˢ ˨κˬ˧˞˨ ˡˢ˪ˢ˖˭˘˦ˡˬ
˭˔˞·˔˗ ˠ˟˘˖˭˔˥˦˞˜ʡ

Ϣ
Ϣʴʺ˅˂ʠʷʴˁˀʼˆϡʴʺ˅˂ʠʷʴˁˀʼˆϡ ˝˘˦˧ ˝˘˗ˬˡˬˠ ˭˔˞·˔˗˘ˠ ˪ ˃ˢ˟˦˖˘ ˣ˥ˢ˗˨˞˨˝͗˖ˬˠ ˪ˬ˥ˢ˕ˬ ˪ˬ·͗˖˭ˡ˜˘
˭ ˠ˟˘˞˔ ˞ˢ˭˜˘˚ˢʟ ˣˢ˦˜˔˗˔˝͗˖ˬˠ ˡˢ˪ˢ˖˭˘˦ˡˬ ˣ˔˥˞ ˠ˔˦˭ˬˡˢ˪ˬ ˢ˥˔˭ ʤʣʣʘ ˣˢ˟˦˞˜˘˚ˢ
˞˔ˣ˜˧˔·˨ʡ ˍ˔˞·˔˗ ˣ˥ˢ˗˨˞˖ˬ˝ˡˬ ˖˔·˞ˢ˪˜˖˜˘ ˗ˢ˦˧ˢ˦ˢ˪˔ˡˬ ˝˘˦˧ ˗ˢ ˢ˕ˢ˪˜͗˭˨˝͗˖ˬ˖˛
˪ˬˠˢ˚ͅ˪ ˜ ˣ˥˭˘ˣ˜˦ͅ˪ ˈʸʟ ˣ˥˭˘˦˧˥˭˘˚˔ ˭˔˦˔˗ ˗ˢ˕˥˘˝ ˣ˥˔˞˧ˬ˞˜ ˣ˥ˢ˗˨˞˖ˬ˝ˡ˘˝ ˪˘
˪˗˥ˢκˢˡˬˠ ˦ˬ˦˧˘ˠ˜˘ ʻʴʶʶ˃ ˜ ʵ˅ʶʡ ˃˥ˢ˖˘˦ˬ ˣ˥ˢ˗˨˞˖ˬ˝ˡ˘ ˢˣ˜˘˥˔ ˡ˔ ˡˢ˪ˢ˖˭˘˦ˡ˘˝
˧˘˖˛ˡ˜˖˘ ˜ ˡ˔˝ˡˢ˪˦˭ˬ˖˛ ˧˘˖˛ˡˢ˟ˢ˚˜˔˖˛ʟ ˔ ˠ˟˘˞ˢ ˣ˥˭˘˭ˡ˔˖˭ˢˡ˘ ˗ˢ ˣ˥ˢ˗˨˞˖˝˜ ˝˘˦˧
ˡ˔˝˪ˬκ˦˭˘˝ ˝˔˞ˢΝ˖˜ʡ ˀ˜˦˝͗ ˙˜˥ˠˬ ˝˘˦˧ ˦˧˔·˘ ˗͗κ˘ˡ˜˘ ˗ˢ ˨˧˥˭ˬˠ˔ˡ˜˔ ˪ˬ˦ˢ˞˜˘˚ˢ ˣˢ˭˜ˢˠ˨
˝
˝˔˞ˢΝ˖˜˔˞ˢΝ˖˜ ˢ˙˘˥ˢ˪˔ˡˬ˖˛ ˪ˬ˥ˢ˕ͅ˪ ˭ ˠ˟˘˞˔ ˞ˢ˭˜˘˚ˢʟ ˖ˢ ˣ˥˭˘˞·˔˗˔ ˦˜ͩ ˡ˔ ˨˭ˡ˔ˡ˜˘
˞ˢˡ˦˨ˠ˘ˡ˧ͅ˪ʡ ʹ˜˥ˠ˔ ˪ˬ˖˛ˢ˗˭͗˖ ˡ˔ˣ˥˭˘˖˜˪ ˢ˖˭˘˞˜˪˔ˡ˜ˢˠ ˞ˢˡ˦˨ˠ˘ˡ˧ͅ˪
˪ˣ˥ˢ˪˔˗˭˔ ˡ˔ ˥ˬˡ˘˞ ˡˢ˪˘ ˪ˬ˥ˢ˕ˬ

˭ ˠ˟˘˞˔ ˞ˢ˭˜˘˚ˢ ˢ ˕˔˥˗˭ˢ ˪ˬ˦ˢ˞˜˘˝ ˝˔˞ˢΝ˖˜ʟ ˖ˢ ˚˪˔˥˔ˡ˧ˢ˪˔͙ ˠ˔ ˦˧˔˕˜˟ˡˢΝ͙
˦ˣ˥˭˘˗˔κˬ ˢ˥˔˭ ˨˧˥˭ˬˠ˔ˡ˜˘ ˠ˔˥˞˜ ˙˜˥ˠˬ ˡ˔ ˧˥˨˗ˡˬˠ ˥ˬˡ˞˨ ˔˥˧ˬ˞˨·ͅ˪ ˦ˣˢκˬ˪˖˭ˬ˖˛ʡ
ˊ ˖˛˪˜˟˜ ˢ˕˘˖ˡ˘˝ ˠ˟˘˖˭˔˥ˡ˜˔ ˣ˥˭˘˥˔˕˜˔ ˢ˞ˢ·ˢ ʩ ˠ˟ˡ ˟˜˧˥ͅ˪ ˀ˟˘˞˔ʡ

Ϣʴʺ˅˂ʠʷʴˁˀʼˆϡ ˘˞˦ˣˢ˥˧˨˝˘ ˦˪ˢ˝˘ ˪ˬ˥ˢ˕ˬ ˗ˢʭ ˁ˜˘ˠ˜˘˖ʟ ʶ˭˘˖˛ʟ ˆ·ˢ˪˔˖˝˜ʟ Άˢ˧˪ˬʟ ʿ˜˧˪ˬʟ
ʸ˦˧ˢˡ˜˜ʟ ʹ˜ˡ˟˔ˡ˗˜˜ʟ ˈ˞˥˔˜ˡˬʡ

Ƞȟȟʤ ĢĴŻđ÷ īĥ÷ĢĴ
















ʴʺ˅˂ʠʷʴˁˀʼˆ ʺ˅ʴˀ˂ˊˆʶˌ ˆ˃ʡ ʽʡ ˊˊˊʡʷʴˁˀʼˆʡʶ˂ˀʡ˃ʿ
ʵ˨˞ˢ˪˜˘˖ ʦʧʟ ʩʧʠʫʦʧ ˊˬ˦˭ˬˡˬ ˗˔ˡˠ˜˦ʳ˗˔ˡˠ˜˦ʡ˖ˢˠʡˣ˟

ĬÜŵÜ
Ř đĥ Ň
ĢĬò


ĬŔŵ
Ň
Ü Ř












ʹ˜˥ˠ˔ Ϣʴʺ˅˂ʠʷʴˁˀʼˆϡ ʺ˥˔ˠˢ˪˦˖ˬ ˆˣʡʽʡ ˭ ˦˜˘˗˭˜˕͗ ˪ ʵ˨˞ˢ˪˖˨ ˪ˢ˝ʡ ˪˜˘˟˞ˢˣˢ˟˦˞˜˘
ˣˢ˪˦˧˔·˔ ˪ ʤʬʬʦ˥ʡ ʺˢ˦ˣˢ˗˔˥˨˝˘ ˡ˔ ʫʩʣ ˛˔ ˜ ˭˔˝ˠ˨˝ͩ ˦˜ͩ ˗˭˜˔·˔˟ˡˢΝ˖˜͗ ˪ ˭˔˞˥˘˦˜˘
ˣ˥ˢ˗˨˞˖˝˜ ˥ˢΝ˟˜ˡˡ˘˝ ˜ ˭˪˜˘˥˭ͩ˖˘˝ʟ ˪ ˧ˬˠ ˛ˢ˗ˢ˪˟͗ ˞ͅ˭ʠ ˦˧˔˗ˢ ˣˢ˗˦˧˔˪ˢ˪˘ ˪ˬˡˢ˦˜
ˢ˕˘˖ˡ˜˘ ʥʣʣʣ ˦˭˧˨˞ʡ ˆˣͅ·˞˔ ˭˔˝ˠ˨˝˘ ˦˜ͩ ˦˞˨ˣ˘ˠ ˠ˟˘˞˔ ˞ˢ˭˜˘˚ˢʟ ˝˘˚ˢ ˣ˥˭˘˧˪ͅ˥˦˧˪˘ˠ
˜ ˗ˬ˦˧˥ˬ˕˨˖˝͗ ˚ˢ˧ˢ˪ˬ˖˛ ˪ˬ˥ˢ˕ͅ˪ ˪ ˃ˢ˟˦˖˘ ˜ ˭˔ ˚˥˔ˡ˜˖͗ʡ ˊ ˖˭˘˥˪˖˨ ʥʣʣʩ ˣ˥˭ˬ
ˣˢˠˢ˖ˬ ˙˜ˡ˔ˡ˦ˢ˪˘˝ ˭ ˣ˥ˢ˚˥˔ˠ˨ ˆʴ˃ʴ˅ʷ ˭ˢ˦˧˔· ˢ˗˗˔ˡˬ ˗ˢ ˨κˬ˧˞˨ ˡˢ˪ˢ˖˭˘˦ˡˬ
˭˔˞·˔˗ ˠ˟˘˖˭˔˥˦˞˜ʡ

Ϣ
Ϣʴʺ˅˂ʠʷʴˁˀʼˆϡʴʺ˅˂ʠʷʴˁˀʼˆϡ ˝˘˦˧ ˝˘˗ˬˡˬˠ ˭˔˞·˔˗˘ˠ ˪ ˃ˢ˟˦˖˘ ˣ˥ˢ˗˨˞˨˝͗˖ˬˠ ˪ˬ˥ˢ˕ˬ ˪ˬ·͗˖˭ˡ˜˘
˭ ˠ˟˘˞˔ ˞ˢ˭˜˘˚ˢʟ ˣˢ˦˜˔˗˔˝͗˖ˬˠ ˡˢ˪ˢ˖˭˘˦ˡˬ ˣ˔˥˞ ˠ˔˦˭ˬˡˢ˪ˬ ˢ˥˔˭ ʤʣʣʘ ˣˢ˟˦˞˜˘˚ˢ
˞˔ˣ˜˧˔·˨ʡ ˍ˔˞·˔˗ ˣ˥ˢ˗˨˞˖ˬ˝ˡˬ ˖˔·˞ˢ˪˜˖˜˘ ˗ˢ˦˧ˢ˦ˢ˪˔ˡˬ ˝˘˦˧ ˗ˢ ˢ˕ˢ˪˜͗˭˨˝͗˖ˬ˖˛
˪ˬˠˢ˚ͅ˪ ˜ ˣ˥˭˘ˣ˜˦ͅ˪ ˈʸʟ ˣ˥˭˘˦˧˥˭˘˚˔ ˭˔˦˔˗ ˗ˢ˕˥˘˝ ˣ˥˔˞˧ˬ˞˜ ˣ˥ˢ˗˨˞˖ˬ˝ˡ˘˝ ˪˘
˪˗˥ˢκˢˡˬˠ ˦ˬ˦˧˘ˠ˜˘ ʻʴʶʶ˃ ˜ ʵ˅ʶʡ ˃˥ˢ˖˘˦ˬ ˣ˥ˢ˗˨˞˖ˬ˝ˡ˘ ˢˣ˜˘˥˔ ˡ˔ ˡˢ˪ˢ˖˭˘˦ˡ˘˝
˧˘˖˛ˡ˜˖˘ ˜ ˡ˔˝ˡˢ˪˦˭ˬ˖˛ ˧˘˖˛ˡˢ˟ˢ˚˜˔˖˛ʟ ˔ ˠ˟˘˞ˢ ˣ˥˭˘˭ˡ˔˖˭ˢˡ˘ ˗ˢ ˣ˥ˢ˗˨˞˖˝˜ ˝˘˦˧
ˡ˔˝˪ˬκ˦˭˘˝ ˝˔˞ˢΝ˖˜ʡ ˀ˜˦˝͗ ˙˜˥ˠˬ ˝˘˦˧ ˦˧˔·˘ ˗͗κ˘ˡ˜˘ ˗ˢ ˨˧˥˭ˬˠ˔ˡ˜˔ ˪ˬ˦ˢ˞˜˘˚ˢ ˣˢ˭˜ˢˠ˨
˝
˝˔˞ˢΝ˖˜˔˞ˢΝ˖˜ ˢ˙˘˥ˢ˪˔ˡˬ˖˛ ˪ˬ˥ˢ˕ͅ˪ ˭ ˠ˟˘˞˔ ˞ˢ˭˜˘˚ˢʟ ˖ˢ ˣ˥˭˘˞·˔˗˔ ˦˜ͩ ˡ˔ ˨˭ˡ˔ˡ˜˘
˞ˢˡ˦˨ˠ˘ˡ˧ͅ˪ʡ ʹ˜˥ˠ˔ ˪ˬ˖˛ˢ˗˭͗˖ ˡ˔ˣ˥˭˘˖˜˪ ˢ˖˭˘˞˜˪˔ˡ˜ˢˠ ˞ˢˡ˦˨ˠ˘ˡ˧ͅ˪
˪ˣ˥ˢ˪˔˗˭˔ ˡ˔ ˥ˬˡ˘˞ ˡˢ˪˘ ˪ˬ˥ˢ˕ˬ

˭ ˠ˟˘˞˔ ˞ˢ˭˜˘˚ˢ ˢ ˕˔˥˗˭ˢ ˪ˬ˦ˢ˞˜˘˝ ˝˔˞ˢΝ˖˜ʟ ˖ˢ ˚˪˔˥˔ˡ˧ˢ˪˔͙ ˠ˔ ˦˧˔˕˜˟ˡˢΝ͙
˦ˣ˥˭˘˗˔κˬ ˢ˥˔˭ ˨˧˥˭ˬˠ˔ˡ˜˘ ˠ˔˥˞˜ ˙˜˥ˠˬ ˡ˔ ˧˥˨˗ˡˬˠ ˥ˬˡ˞˨ ˔˥˧ˬ˞˨·ͅ˪ ˦ˣˢκˬ˪˖˭ˬ˖˛ʡ
ˊ ˖˛˪˜˟˜ ˢ˕˘˖ˡ˘˝ ˠ˟˘˖˭˔˥ˡ˜˔ ˣ˥˭˘˥˔˕˜˔ ˢ˞ˢ·ˢ ʩ ˠ˟ˡ ˟˜˧˥ͅ˪ ˀ˟˘˞˔ʡ

Ϣʴʺ˅˂ʠʷʴˁˀʼˆϡ ˘˞˦ˣˢ˥˧˨˝˘ ˦˪ˢ˝˘ ˪ˬ˥ˢ˕ˬ ˗ˢʭ ˁ˜˘ˠ˜˘˖ʟ ʶ˭˘˖˛ʟ ˆ·ˢ˪˔˖˝˜ʟ Άˢ˧˪ˬʟ ʿ˜˧˪ˬʟ
ʸ˦˧ˢˡ˜˜ʟ ʹ˜ˡ˟˔ˡ˗˜˜ʟ ˈ˞˥˔˜ˡˬʡ

Ƞȟȟʤ ĢĴŻđ÷ īĥ÷ĢĴ
















ʴʺ˅˂ʠʷʴˁˀʼˆ ʺ˅ʴˀ˂ˊˆʶˌ ˆ˃ʡ ʽʡ ˊˊˊʡʷʴˁˀʼˆʡʶ˂ˀʡ˃ʿ
ʵ˨˞ˢ˪˜˘˖ ʦʧʟ ʩʧʠʫʦʧ ˊˬ˦˭ˬˡˬ ˗˔ˡˠ˜˦ʳ˗˔ˡˠ˜˦ʡ˖ˢˠʡˣ˟

1DJURGÇ GOD QDV VÇ XĕPLHFKQLÛWH WZDU]H QDV]\FK &]\WHOQLNµZ




ˊˬ˗˔˪ˡ˜˖˧˪ˢ ˆʵˀ ˜˦˧ˡ˜˘˝˘ ˢ˗ ʥʣʣʧ ˥ˢ˞˨ʡ

ˀ˔ˠˬ ˣˢˡ˔˗ ʥʣʣ ˧ˬ˧˨·ͅ˪ ˭ ˡ˔˝˥ͅκˡ˜˘˝˦˭ˬ˖˛ ˗˭˜˘˗˭˜ˡʡ ˆ͗ ˧ˢ ˞˦˜͗κ˞˜ ˭˔˥ͅ˪ˡˢ ˗˟˔ ˗˭˜˘˖˜ʟ ˝˔˞ ˜ ˗˟˔ ˗ˢ˥ˢ˦·ˬ˖˛ ˖˭ˬ˧˘˟ˡ˜˞ͅ˪ʡ

˂˙˘˥˧˔ ˦˞˜˘˥ˢ˪˔ˡ˔ ˗ˢ ˡ˔˝ˠ·ˢ˗˦˭ˬ˖˛ ˝˘˦˧ ˕˔˥˗˭ˢ ˥ͅκˡˢ˥ˢ˗ˡ˔ʡ ˆ˞·˔˗˔˝͗ ˦˜ͩ ˡ˔ ˡ˜͗ ˭˕˜ˢ˥ˬ ˕˔˝˘˞ʟ ˕˔Νˡ˜ʟ ˟˘˚˘ˡ˗ ˜ ˪˜˘˥˦˭ˬʟ
˔ ˧˔˞κ˘ ˘ˡ˖ˬ˞˟ˢˣ˘˗˜˘ ˜ ˞˦˜͗κ˞˜ ˘˗˨˞˔˖ˬ˝ˡ˘ ˗˟˔ ˗˭˜˘˖˜ ˪ ˪˜˘˞˨ ˣ˥˭˘˗˦˭˞ˢ˟ˡˬˠ ˜ ˪˖˭˘˦ˡˢ˦˭˞ˢ˟ˡˬˠʡ

ʷˢ˥ˢ˦·ˬˠ ˖˭ˬ˧˘˟ˡ˜˞ˢˠ ˣˢ˟˘˖˔ˠˬ ˔˟˕˨ˠˬ ˞˥˔˝ˢ˭ˡ˔˪˖˭˘ ˜ ˧˘ˠ˔˧ˬ˖˭ˡ˘ʟ ˣˢ˥˔˗ˡ˜˞˜ ˗ˢ˧ˬ˖˭͗˖˘ ˦˧ˬ˟˨ κˬ˖˜˔ ˜ ˢ˚˥ˢ˗ˡ˜˖˧˪˔ʟ
˞˦˜͗κ˞˜ ˞˨˟˜ˡ˔˥ˡ˘ʟ ˣ˥˭˘˪ˢ˗ˡ˜˞˜ ˧˨˥ˬ˦˧ˬ˖˭ˡ˘ ˢ˥˔˭ ˔˧˟˔˦ˬ ˗˟˔ ˛ˢ˕˕ˬ˦˧ͅ˪ʡ


































































ˊˊˊʡˊˌʷʴˊˁʼʶˇˊ˂ˆʵˀʡ˃ʿ



ˆʵˀʳˊˌʷʴˊˁʼʶˇˊ˂ʠˆʵˀʡ˃ʿ

1DJURGÇ GOD QDV VÇ XĕPLHFKQLÛWH WZDU]H QDV]\FK &]\WHOQLNµZ




ˊˬ˗˔˪ˡ˜˖˧˪ˢ ˆʵˀ ˜˦˧ˡ˜˘˝˘ ˢ˗ ʥʣʣʧ ˥ˢ˞˨ʡ

ˀ˔ˠˬ ˣˢˡ˔˗ ʥʣʣ ˧ˬ˧˨·ͅ˪ ˭ ˡ˔˝˥ͅκˡ˜˘˝˦˭ˬ˖˛ ˗˭˜˘˗˭˜ˡʡ ˆ͗ ˧ˢ ˞˦˜͗κ˞˜ ˭˔˥ͅ˪ˡˢ ˗˟˔ ˗˭˜˘˖˜ʟ ˝˔˞ ˜ ˗˟˔ ˗ˢ˥ˢ˦·ˬ˖˛ ˖˭ˬ˧˘˟ˡ˜˞ͅ˪ʡ

˂˙˘˥˧˔ ˦˞˜˘˥ˢ˪˔ˡ˔ ˗ˢ ˡ˔˝ˠ·ˢ˗˦˭ˬ˖˛ ˝˘˦˧ ˕˔˥˗˭ˢ ˥ͅκˡˢ˥ˢ˗ˡ˔ʡ ˆ˞·˔˗˔˝͗ ˦˜ͩ ˡ˔ ˡ˜͗ ˭˕˜ˢ˥ˬ ˕˔˝˘˞ʟ ˕˔Νˡ˜ʟ ˟˘˚˘ˡ˗ ˜ ˪˜˘˥˦˭ˬʟ
˔ ˧˔˞κ˘ ˘ˡ˖ˬ˞˟ˢˣ˘˗˜˘ ˜ ˞˦˜͗κ˞˜ ˘˗˨˞˔˖ˬ˝ˡ˘ ˗˟˔ ˗˭˜˘˖˜ ˪ ˪˜˘˞˨ ˣ˥˭˘˗˦˭˞ˢ˟ˡˬˠ ˜ ˪˖˭˘˦ˡˢ˦˭˞ˢ˟ˡˬˠʡ

ʷˢ˥ˢ˦·ˬˠ ˖˭ˬ˧˘˟ˡ˜˞ˢˠ ˣˢ˟˘˖˔ˠˬ ˔˟˕˨ˠˬ ˞˥˔˝ˢ˭ˡ˔˪˖˭˘ ˜ ˧˘ˠ˔˧ˬ˖˭ˡ˘ʟ ˣˢ˥˔˗ˡ˜˞˜ ˗ˢ˧ˬ˖˭͗˖˘ ˦˧ˬ˟˨ κˬ˖˜˔ ˜ ˢ˚˥ˢ˗ˡ˜˖˧˪˔ʟ
˞˦˜͗κ˞˜ ˞˨˟˜ˡ˔˥ˡ˘ʟ ˣ˥˭˘˪ˢ˗ˡ˜˞˜ ˧˨˥ˬ˦˧ˬ˖˭ˡ˘ ˢ˥˔˭ ˔˧˟˔˦ˬ ˗˟˔ ˛ˢ˕˕ˬ˦˧ͅ˪ʡ


































































ˊˊˊʡˊˌʷʴˊˁʼʶˇˊ˂ˆʵˀʡ˃ʿ



ˆʵˀʳˊˌʷʴˊˁʼʶˇˊ˂ʠˆʵˀʡ˃ʿ





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23$6.$ Ï:,(&Â&$ 52*, 5(1,)(5$


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