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Published by , 2018-12-20 17:45:47

journaaal1

journaaal1

Done By:Elaf Alakkas
ID #S14209136

Instructor: Sara Alnabhani
Course Name: FF&E

Course Code: INTD321

Contents

Interior Design Styles 8

Favorite Interior Designers 10

Favorite Interior designs Brands 11

Residential Spaces Analysis 13

Green Building Research Name:Elaf Alakkas16

Building Codes and Standards ID #S14209136 17
Materials 22
Floor Covering & Finishes Instructor: Sara 29

Ceiling Finishes Alnabhani 30

Ikea – Documentary Movie ReCpoourtrse Name: FF&3E2

Do and Don’t INTD321 34

FF&E 37

LEED is Green Building 38

Three Main Types of Lighting 39

1. Mid-Century Modern

The mid-1900s produced some of the most iconic pieces in
modern design. It is characterized by refined lines, minimalist
silhouettes, and natural shapes. From Saarinen, Niemeyer,
Eames, Noguchi, Jacobsen and beyond, the mid-century modern
masters defined creative ways to use new materials like molded
plastic, plywood, and aluminum in industrial design. Its pieces are
highly versatile and can complement a myriad of design styles.

2. Industrial

This is a look that hearkens back to the turn-of-the-century
industrial era. It emphasizes liberal use of exposed steel with

distressed wooden elements, frequently complemented by
exposed brick walls. The modern variant commonly includes
copper-tone accents. In terms of general feel, industrial decor is

often rustic and mature.
design styles.

3. Nautical

Warm, relaxing, and positive. Nautical decor (also referred to as
coastal or cottage decor) reflects the New England beach house
spirit. This interior design style is based on white or sand colored

foundation, with blue as the primary accent color.

4. Scandinavian

An off-shoot of the mid-century modern movement, Scandinavian
design introduced a popular minimalist look to the interior

architecture field that lasts to this day. Although most people
associate it with IKEA (I’ve covered stores like IKEA in the past),

there are a variety of subset looks within Scandinavian design
itself.

5. Bohemian

Bohemian decor captures the carefree and adventurous spirit of
the avant-garde lifestyle. It features creative application of rich
patterns and vibrant colors, especially those with red or purple
tones. The key is to carefully present a purposefully “messy” look.

Layer on textiles (throws, pillows, rugs, tapestry) for a warm
ambience.

6. Farmhouse

Farmhouse decor is a modern approach to cabin-inspired interior
design. Mostly transitional in nature with some traditional elements
mixed in, farmhouse aesthetic should transport your imagination to
French Provence. Source some dried lavender bunches and other
greeneries – careful arrangement of vases and planters will really

stylize your home.

7. Minimalism

is a design approach that is characterized by austerity and
laconism in decoration. It is mainly achieved through the use of
functional furniture and interior objects, geometric shapes and a

combination of usually not more than two basic colors. It is
extremely important in such design to correctly divide the
space. Minimalist interiors are usually compact, black or gray, and

have a strict geometric shape.

8. Classic

A design classic is an industrially manufactured object with
timeless aesthetic value. It serves as a standard of its kind and
remains up to date regardless of the year of its design. Whether a
particular object is a design classic might often be debatable.

9. Vintage

it is a style of decorating the insides of your house on the pattern
of what the glamour used to be like in the 1940’s era. Many of us
are mistaken to form an assumption on hearing the name “vintage”
as being something that is now obsolete and belongs to sometime

in the past. The past, however, can be linked to a certain time
period and that is the end of Second World War II. The designs

under these types are elegant, awfully antique and reflect a
graceful time in the history for influences..

10. Eclectic

is a popular adjective in interior design parlance, meaning a decor
that comprises heterogeneous elements — a mixture of textures,

time periods, styles, trends, and colors. There is a fine line,
however, between a beautifully eclectic room and a room that is
merely haphazard and chaotic, with no unifying themes or motifs.

11.Urban Modern

Urban interior design stems from the modern designer lofts in the
major cities. Taking cues from its cosmopolitan environment, urban
modern is a fusion of various opposing and complementary traits.

Minimalist modern, glamorous chic, ethnic heirlooms, and edgy
experimental designs all collide in a distinctively 21st-century
setting.

12.Shabby Chic

Shabby chic decor emphasizes vintage elements to recreate the
antique flea market look. The furniture are characterized by their
aged appearance, with distressed wood composition covered in

sanded milk paint to show signs of wear and tear.

Mohammed Al Rabian

|done is a [noun]|

Because the ideas chosen by the new is not always familiar, he
cares about the details of the place and make it great because it

takes care of all the details from small to large and does not
choose one design for the place where the design integrates more

than one design in one place, and thus make the place more
beautiful and always there designs make me know This is
Mohammed Al Rabian's design.

His Work:

Rana Alkassim

Classic Home Decor

Because the ideas chosen by the new is not always familiar, he
cares about the details of the place and make it great because it

takes care of all the details from small to large and does not
choose one design for the place where the design integrates more

than one design in one place, and thus make the place more
beautiful and always there designs make me know This is
Mohammed Al Rabian's design.

Her Work:

I like west elm because most of them are modern and I find all that
I need for the room or bathroom and also their wood type is good

and help me not change my room in a short time.

Because the arrangement of furniture in the store attracts
customers to buy them have a special way to draw attention to

furniture and also
most of the furniture modern and very comfortable.

Loft

Is a very modern yet classic kind of place, where a lot o
international designers sell their pieces there.

Ikea

Because there are many furniture that does not take up much
space in the place, the prices are suitable for everyone and there

are lots of antiques and paintings that make the place nicer.

Because I like the details of the bathroom and bedroom, for
example, the bed cover or antiques and also the dining tables and

the needs of the tablespoons dishcloths luxury
classics and also handles cabinets unique.

A renewed work that provides all the requirements of the house
suitable for all strata of society.





Sweetwater Spectrum Community
By: Leddy Maytum Stacy Architects

Text description provided by the architects. Sweetwater Spectrum is a new
national model of supportive housing for adults with autism, offering life with
purpose and dignity. Designed by Leddy Maytum Stacy Architects, the 2.8-
acre site provides a permanent home for 16 adults and their support staff.
The four 3,250-square-foot four-bedroom homes include common areas as
well as a bedroom and bathroom for each resident. Sweetwater Spectrum

also incorporates a 2,300-square-foot community center with
exercise/activity spaces and a teaching kitchen; a large therapy pool and

spas: and an urban farm, orchard, and greenhouse.

Autism is the fastest growing developmental disability in the United States,
affecting 1 in 88 children. In the coming decade, as many as 500,000

children with autism will reach adulthood, yet few residential options exist for
them. In 2009, a group of families with autistic children, autism

professionals, and community leaders founded the nonprofit organization
Sweetwater Spectrum to create appropriate, high-quality, long-term housing
for adults with autism in a way that could be replicated nationwide. The new
community is designed to address the full range of needs of individuals with

autism spectrum disorders, maximizing residents’ development and
independence.

The previously undeveloped midblock parcel lies a few blocks from the
historic Sonoma Town Square, close to public transit and bicycle trails. The
new community had to be safe and secure for the residents and staff and

also provide for appropriate engagement with the neighborhood and
community through volunteer activities and outreach projects.

Autism is the fastest growing developmental disability in the United States,
affecting 1 in 88 children. In the coming decade, as many as 500,000

children with autism will reach adulthood, yet few residential options exist for
them. In 2009, a group of families with autistic children, autism

professionals, and community leaders founded the nonprofit organization
Sweetwater Spectrum to create appropriate, high-quality, long-term housing
for adults with autism in a way that could be replicated nationwide. The new
community is designed to address the full range of needs of individuals with

autism spectrum disorders, maximizing residents’ development and
independence.

The previously undeveloped midblock parcel lies a few blocks from the
historic Sonoma Town Square, close to public transit and bicycle trails. The
new community had to be safe and secure for the residents and staff and

also provide for appropriate engagement with the neighborhood and
community through volunteer activities and outreach projects.

The design drew on evidence-based design guidelines for creating housing
for adults with autism, as identified in a research study conducted by the

Arizona State University Stardust Center and School of Architecture. Safety
and security are paramount, and healthy, durable materials are used
throughout. Individuals may customize their personal living spaces to
accommodate their preferences and particular needs. Major design
strategies included the following:

Legibility: A straightforward and consistent spatial organization provides
clearly defined transition thresholds between public, semi-public, semi-

private, and private spaces.
Experiential Hierarchy: The design offers a layered or “nested” experiential

hierarchy, beginning with the individual room; expanding to a residential
wing with two bedrooms and then to the house with four residents;

expanding outward to the sub-neighborhood of two homes, the community
center and commons, and the other two homes; and finally extending to the

broader community.
Preview and retreat: Residents have the opportunity to preview spaces and

activities, and they can access places of retreat for quiet and calm.

Predictability: All four homes are similar in design so that residents feel

comfortable visiting each other or relocating to a different house on the site.

Serene spaces: All spaces were designed to reduce sensory stimulation

and provide a serene environment. Forms are familiar, colors and finishes
are subdued,

and lighting is mostly indirect.

A range of simple universal design strategies allows for generous
accommodation and equal access for all ages and abilities. Particular care

was taken with the selection of the building materials and systems to
promote healthy indoor air quality, acoustical control, and comfortable,
super-efficient HVAC systems. Since ceiling fans can be a negative stimulus
to people on the autism spectrum, a radiant slab heating and cooling system

was used with a low-velocity ventilation system.
Targeted to meet U.S. Green Building Council LEED Gold standards, the
project is also a PG&E Zero Net Energy Pilot Project and is designed to

produce onsite all the energy required to operate the buildings.
The site was designed to maximize passive solar orientation, daylight, and
natural ventilation. All buildings incorporate photovoltaic solar panels and

solar hot water. Other energy-saving strategies include high R-value
insulation in walls and roofs; high-performance insulated windows; low-
reflective “cool” roofs; solar tube skylights at interior halls; sun control where
needed with overhangs, trellises, and operable exterior sunshades; high
efficiency air-to-water heat pumps; energy-efficient light fixtures; Energy Star
appliances; induction cook tops; and a building management system.
Overall, these strategies improved energy performance by +30% better than

California Title 24 energy requirements.
Low-flow plumbing fixtures throughout reduce water consumption. An on-site

well was drilled to supply water to all site irrigation systems, including site
landscaping and the organic farm and orchards. Drought-tolerant plants
minimize irrigation needs, and permeable paving and bios wales manage

storm water.
Other sustainable aspects include renewable building materials, low-VOC
and nontoxic materials and finishes, and the recycling of construction waste.

Definition:

Building codes specify minimum standards for the construction of
buildings. The codes themselves are not legally binding. They
serve, rather, as "models" for legal jurisdictions to utilize when
developing statutes and regulations.
The main purpose of building codes are to protect public health,
safety and general welfare as they relate to the construction and
occupancy of buildings and structures.
The building code becomes law of a particular jurisdiction when
formally enacted by the appropriate governmental or private
authority.

Examples of building codes:

Began in ancient times.[2] In the USA the main codes are
the International Commercial or Residential Code [ICC/IRC],
electrical codes and plumbing, mechanical codes. Fifty states and
the District of Columbia have adopted the I-Codes at the state or
jurisdictional level.[3] In Canada, national model codes are
published by the National Research Council of Canada.[4]

Wood: The hard fibrous material that forms the main

substance of the trunk or branches of a tree or shrub, used for fuel
or timber.

Plastic :A synthetic material made from a wide range of

organic polymers such as polyethylene, PVC, nylon, etc., that can
be molded into

shape while soft, and then set into a rigid or slightly elastic form.

Leather: A material made from the skin of an animal by

tanning or a similar process.

Glass: A hard, brittle substance, typically transparent or

translucent, made by fusing sand with soda and lime and cooling
rapidly. It is used to make windows, drinking containers, and other

articles.

Textile: A type of cloth or woven fabric.

Wallpaper Cost: In general, the upfront costs of

wallpaper and installation materials can be more expensive than
paint. Today however, wallpaper comes in a variety of types and
materials, allowing more cost-effective wallpaper designs to be
manufactured. Depending on your budget, durability needs, and

application method you can find
stylish wallpapers in your budget.

Wallpaper Selection: Wallpaper comes in a dazzling

array of designs and colors, with an incredible selection of
beautiful effects like pearlescent finish, glitter, raised inks, suede,
gels, beads, foils and metallic, embossed silk textures, and natural
grass cloth, just to name a few. If you are looking for an impressive
room or feature wall, you might want to consider designer prints

that bring rich colors and textures into a room.

Wallpaper Installation: Wallpaper adheres easily and

smoothly to walls, hiding many surface imperfections. This is
especially valuable in rooms with damaged walls or older homes.
Any larger holes or uneven areas will need to be filled and sanded.

Any existing wallpaper
will need to be removed before installation.

Wallpaper Use in Rentals: Wallpaper is not only

perfect for homes, you can also wallpaper your apartment, dorm,
rental, or space that you change the decor in frequently! With peel

and stick removable wallpaper, wallpaper has never been more
versatile and completely safe to use in rentals, DIY projects, and

more.



Paint Cost: Paint tends to have less upfront costs for both

paint and supplies. Depending on the type and finish you need will
affect the price of your paint. There are plenty of low cost options

for paint if cost is a concern. Although paint can be lower cost
upfront, it does need to be touched up over time, especially in high

traffic areas in your home.

Paint Selection: The range of paint colors is nearly

limitless. In addition, it is easy to repaint if you want a new color.
However, paint has a limited number of finishes within matte to
glossy. If you are looking to create a feature wall, there are some
great methods and ideas to do so with paint. However, if you are
looking for intricate patterns or bold geometrics on your wall,

wallpaper would be an easier alternative..

Paint Installation: Paint can be applied in any room

after the walls have been properly prepared. If your walls have any
damage or imperfections, they will need to be filled, spackled and
sanded before you paint. It might take a lot of work for walls with
lots of damage or imperfections to prepare. Any existing wallpaper
will need to be removed and walls primed before painting as well.

Paint Use in Rentals: Although great for any home, if

you are living in an apartment, dorm, or rental, you might not be
able to paint your walls.



Panel: A flat or curved component, typically rectangular, that

forms or is set into the surface of a door, wall, or ceiling. a layer of
insulating material should be placed between the panels and the

wall.

Gesso: plaster of Paris or gypsum prepared with glue for use

in painting or making bas-reliefs.

Uses for Carpet

Carpet :is a common household item that may be used in a

variety of ways. Carpet is a popular feature in home decorating,
and it is often incorporated into a home's interior design. There are

many types of carpet, including some used outdoors, and the
function the carpet will serve aids in selecting the type. Even

scraps of carpet may be useful
around the home and garden.

Decor: Wall-to-wall and area carpet are popular to cover floors

and enhance a room's decor. There are many styles and types of
carpet meant for decorative and pragmatic purposes.

Outdoor: Carpets meant for the outdoors are often both

decorative and practical. Carpet may be used to cover a porch,
walkway or the edges of a garden. This type of carpet is made of
plastic derivatives and must be waterproofed for the best durability.

Scraps: There are many uses for carpet scraps left over from

projects. Carpet scraps may be used as cushions for your knees
when gardening, or to slip under heavy furniture to protect the floor

while moving it. They may be used to clean window screens and
scrapers while working on a project. Pieces of carpet may be
placed underneath washers and dryers to eliminate thumping

noises. They are also useful to pet owners, as carpet scraps may
be used to make a scratching post for a cat or a bed for a dog.

Carpet Styles

To get the best possible performance from carpeting, you need to
consider where and how it will be used along with how it will look

and feel. From a sophisticated patterned fashion loop to a
luxurious fine Saxony, we’ll bring you the carpet style that fits your

room’s decor and your family’s personality.

Ceiling Finish Materials

The material used for a ceiling should be appropriate for the
room's purpose, and there is no shortage of ceiling materials to
choose from. Some common choices are drywall, plaster, wood,

tile, and metal

Drywall: ceilings are usually fastened directly to the ceiling

joists and their joints are taped and mudded to make them
invisible. Such a large, flat surface can be a source of echoes if

left smooth, so the drywall ceiling is often textured to deaden
sound and to cover any imperfections in the installation. Common

textures are popcorn, splatter and orange peel.

Plaster: Prior to the 1930s and 40s, lath and plaster was the

most common material of choice for walls and ceilings. Plaster is a
very versatile material and can be applied over all sorts of

substrates, such as stone, brick or wood, and it can be easily
molded and stenciled into decorative shapes and patterns. Like

drywall, it is often textured and for the same reasons.

Wood and Wood Beams: Wood ceilings can add a

dramatic accent to a room, whether it is a simple covering of
tongue-and-groove planks or a series of wood beams. Drywall or
plaster ceilings are often highlighted by the addition of decorative
wood beams, and if it is practical, structural wood beams are often
left exposed for their effect. Exposed or decorative beams give a

space the feeling of solidity and permanence.

Tile: Mineral fiber acoustical ceiling tiles suspended in a metal

frame is the most popular ceiling treatment for commercial
buildings. The same system is often used in private residences,
especially in basements, to lower the ceiling or to cover wiring and
plumbing. Acoustical tiles may also be attached directly to ceiling

joists, furring strips or a substrate
such as drywall.

1- Ikea produce high quality with avoidable price.
2- 500,000,000 costumer visit Ikea each year.

3- help them to organize their furniture.
4- have official delivery to all costumers.
5- 300 stories around the world such as Europe, middle

Est and gcc

6- its have factory in spell Sweden.
7- 1950’s he owned small store named Ikea which is first

and last littlie of his names and where he’s live and born.

8- he’s deliver the furniture with bicycle.
9- he’s always focused on low price.
10- design make with creative to think creativity.
11- all book case pieces stay in same box for each

furniture.

12- Ikea splay 14 kitchen style each year.
13- Ikea is self serve.

14- you can receive your furniture in same day you pay it.

For sure you would Do a space between the chair in
definitely want to wake up
and put your feet on a cozy your living room.. it sholud be
warm floor, always extend something between 24” and 42”
the carpet to be 12 to 18
inches on either sides of depending on the size of the room
your bed.. depending on the
.. this space should be enough to
size of the bed .
add a table in between.. even if you
don’t want to add one.

If you have a low ceiling in Always do a mix of overhead,
your room always do hang ambient, and task lighting. Try to
the drapery rods close to
use table lamps, floor lamps,
the ceiling, it will give a sconces in your space, don’t
feeling that the ceiling is depend on one type, by doing it
you provide more light in the
higher that what it is.
space.

The coffee table they can be Do ad a spot light above the
closer to chairs nd sofas than a artwork to create emphasis,
this will help the art work to
coffee table, a good rule of
thumb is the coffee mus, be the focal point.
always imagine that you have a
cup of coffee and you want to
put on the table while you are

setting, it should be
comfortable and easy move

Lights and dining tables Try to keep a space of 58-60
always do and measure inches between the center of
the table when buying the art work mirror, and the
lights for the room, lights
should be 1/2 to 3/ the floor This way it willl be on
width of the dining table. your eye level

Furniture: Large movable equipment, such as tables

and chairs, used to make a house, office,
or other space suitable for living or working.

Finishes: are used in the final part of the construction

or manufacturing process, forming the final surface of an
element. They can protect the element they finish from
impact, water, frost, corrosion, abrasion, and so on, and/or

they can be decorative

Equipment :the necessary items fora particular

purpose, such as appliances, machinery, computers.

Toilet Equipment Gym Equipment

Hospital Equipment Kitchen Equipment

LEED, or Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design, is
the most widely used green building rating system in the

world. Available for virtually all building, community and home
project types, LEED provides a framework to create healthy,

highly efficient and cost-saving green buildings. LEED
certification is a globally recognized symbol of sustainability

achievement.

2.4 million +
square feet is LEED certified every day with more than

94,000 projects using LEED.

Flexible
LEED works for all building types anywhere. LEED is in over

165 countries and territories.

Sustainable
LEED buildings save energy, water, resources, generate less

waste and support human health.

Value
LEED buildings attract tenants, cost less to operate and
boost employee productivity and retention. Projects using

LEED.

1. Ambient Lighting
(General Lighting)

This is one of the most common
types of lighting. Ambient light is a
soft glow that blankets your space

just enough for you to function
without causing a harsh glare.

2. Task Lighting

This is a smaller more concentrated
light. You want task lighting around
when you’re working. In fact, some

people call it office lighting.

3. Accent Lighting

This is a very concentrated light
with the intention of drawing the eye
to its focal point. Accent lighting is a

way of adding style and drama to
your home. This will help you

illuminate the pieces you want on
display.


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