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Published by 11, 2021-03-15 05:06:39

Engage Issue 3, Level 1

Engage Issue 3, Level 1

English • STEM • Environment • Social Studies • Citizenship Vol 1, Issue 3 LEVEL 1

Also in this issue

Meet the Mola Mola
Sky Lights

Curriculum Connection: ORGANISMS CHANGE
2 ENGAGE

Fossils tell
stories about

the past.

Photo: HERSCHEL HOFFMEYER/SHUTTERSTOCK 3

Earth changes. Forests change into deserts.
Oceans change into mountains.

Photo: ELZBIETA SEKOWSKA/Shutterstock

4 ENGAGE

Photo: OLGA DANYLENKO/Shutterstock

Plants and animals change, too. All these
changes are slow. Fossils tell us about them.

Photo: SERGEY NIVENS/Shutterstock 5
5

These plants and animals lived in India
long ago. They are fossils now.

oldest algae

Photo: STOCKTREK IMAGES, INC/Alamy
Photo: STEFAN BENGTSON
ant
snake
Photo: DAVID GRIMALDI
Photo & Sculpture: TYLER KEILLOR
6 ENGAGE

protoceratops

velociraptor

These dinosaurs lived in the Gobi
Desert. They fought. They kicked. They
scratched. They bit. They are fossils now.

Watch the dinosaurs fight.

7

This dinosaur lived in China. It had feathers like
a bird. It had wings like a bat. It is a fossil now.

Yi qi

Photo: EMILY WILLOUGHBY/CC BY

8 ENGAGE

Photo: LINDA BUCKLIN/Shutterstock

spinosaurus

This dinosaur swam in Africa. It had feet like
a duck. It had teeth like a crocodile. It is a
fossil now.

9

Curriculum Connection: MAKE OBSERVATIONS
10 ENGAGE

by

marine biologist

Tierney Thys

Photos: MIKE JOHNSON 11

11

I am a scientist with super powers. I go places
most people cannot. I study the ocean.

Thys studies life in
the ocean.

12 ENGAGE

About 9 out of every 10 living things live in the
ocean. Each drop of water has living things.

Thys swims with
a mola mola.

Photos: MIKE JOHNSON 13

I like the mola mola. It is an ocean sunfish.
I use radios to track where a mola goes.

Thys (right) works on a radio Photo: MIKE JOHNSON
to track a mola.
Swim with a mola mola.
14 ENGAGE

The mola eats jellies. Small creatures live on
the mola. Birds and fish eat these creatures.

Thys and some kids used bottle caps to make Photo: TIERNEY THYS
this mural. What animals do you see?
15

Plastic may be harming molas. Plastic bags and
bottles wash into the ocean.

16 ENGAGE

Seals eat plastic. Sea turtles eat plastic. Molas
may eat plastic. Plastic can kill them.

LEAD CHANGE

You can help the ocean. Use less plastic. Use reusable 17

bags and bottles. Never drop plastic on the ground.

It could wash into the ocean.

Photos: PAULO OLIVEIRA/Alamy

Lots of Life

Meet some ocean
animals.

Photo

Photo: 2004 MBARI Photo courtesy M. SEGONZAC (MNHN)/Ifremer
Photo: PROF STEFAN BENGSTEN
You can see through this
fish’s head.

18 ENGAGE

This fish looks like
a snake.

This fish has a pole
that lights up.

o: SOLVIN ZANKL/Alamy

Photo: DANTE FENOLIO/Science Source/Dinodia

r/A. Fifis Hairs cover this crab’s
claws and legs.

Photo: DUDAREV MIKHAIL/Shutterstock 19

Make a Fossil

See how a fossil is made.

You need:

• modelling clay or play dough
• hard objects, such as seashell, sticks, other small, hard

objects

• glue

To do:

1. Flatten the clay into pieces so that each piece is larger than
the hard objects.

2. Place an object, such as a shell, on one of the clay pieces and
press it into the clay to make an impression.

3. Remove the object from the clay, leaving an impression in
the clay.

4. Fill the impression with glue and let dry. This could take some
time. The deeper the impression, the more time it will take

for the glue to dry.

What happens:

You made two kinds of fossils. When you pressed the hard object
into the clay, you created an impression, called a mould. When
you filled the impression with glue, you made a cast.

20 ENGAGE Photo: CLAUDIO DIVIZIA/Shutterstock. Background: IRA/Shutterstock

Make a Rainbow

Use household items to make your own rainbow.

You Need: To Do:

• a shallow pan 1. Fill the pan half way with water.
• water 2. P lace the mirror in the water at an angle so that it rests
• a mirror
• a torch on the side of the pan.
• a sheet of white 3. Shine the torch on to the water where the mirror is

paper submerged.
4. H old the white paper above the mirror. Adjust the angle

until you see a spectrum of 7 colours.

Photos (clockwise, from top left): HEART TO HEART/Shutterstock; 21
TATIANA POPOVA/Shutterstock; SUMIRE8/Shutterstock; BRITTNY/Shutterstock

Fossil Fun

See how pressure turns sediment into rock
and living organisms into fossils.

You Need: To Do:

• paper towels 1. Place on a table a paper towel, 5 or 6 soft
• a slice of white bread candies, a slice of white bread, a slice of light
• a slice of light brown bread brown bread, and a slice of dark brown bread.
• a slice of dark brown bread
• a butter knife 2. Use the knife to cut the crusts off the bread.
• pieces of soft candy 3. Place a slice of white bread on the paper towel.
• heavy books
• clear drinking straws The white bread represents the sea floor.
4. Place a couple of soft candies on the bread. They
Books
represent dead organisms that are on the
Slice of light brown bread sea floor.
5. Place a slice of dark brown bread on top of the
Gummy candy white bread and soft candies. The dark brown
bread represents sediments that have fallen on
Slice of dark brown bread the sea floor, covering the dead organisms.
6. Place some soft candies on the dark brown
Gummy candy bread. And then put the slice of light brown
bread on top. The light brown bread represents
Slice of white bread more sediments that have covered the sea floor.
7. Fold the paper towel to cover the layers of bread
What Happens: and soft candies.
8. Place the books on top of the folded paper towel
Look at the core sample. How many and layers of bread and candy. Leave the books
layers do you see? (Three) Which layer there for a day or two.
is the oldest? (The bottom layer is the 9. After a couple of days, push a clear straw straight
oldest.) Can you see any indications that down into the bread and pull it back up. You will
fossils are present? (You may see a cast have taken a core sample.
or mould impression. You may also see
residue from the candy.) You can take Photo: ERMESS/Shutterstock
other core samples to see if you can
find more fossils. It is worth noting that
it takes millions of years for layers of
rock to form.

22 ENGAGE

GOBEYOND

Use what you learned from this issue
to answer the questions.

Draw a Yi qi Draw yourself
flying. swimming with

a mola mola.

What is your
favourite

dinosaur? Why?

How many
colours are in a

rainbow.

Photos: STOCKSHOPPE/Shutterstock; VIVAT/Shutterstock 23

Curriculum Connection: LIGHT
24 ENGAGE

Photo: KRISTJÁN U. KRISTJÁNSSON 25

Watch an aurora.

Look up at night. In some places, you see
colourful lights. They are called auroras.

26 ENGAGE

Photo: SIGURDUR WILLIAM BRYNJARSSON, www.arcticshots.is

Bits from the sun hit Earth’s sky. These bits cause
gas in the sky to glow.

27

Look up during the day. You see a blue sky.

Look up when the sun is low in the sky. You
see a red sky.

28 Photo: SONGCHAI W/Shutterstock

Photo: NATURE PICTURE LIBRARY/Alamy

Look up after a storm. You will see a rainbow.
A rainbow has seven colours.

29
29

More Sky Lights

See different shapes and
colours in the sky.

A halo circles Photo: MARCIN ROZPEDOWSKI/Alamy
the sun.
A pillar rises from
the sun.

30 ENGAGE

A fire rainbow forms in the clouds.

Photo: PAISALPHOTO/Shutterstock

A green flash lights the
sky as the sun sets.

Photo: ALEXEY SULOEV/Shutterstock Photo: JACK STEPHENS/Alamy

31

6 EXCITING ISSUES IN 4 LEVELS EDITORIAL
EVERY YEAR!
FRANCIS DOWNEY
JULY 2017 AUGUST 2017 SEPTEMBER 2017 Editorial Director

English • STEM • Environment • Social Studies • Citizenship Vol 1, Issue 3 LEVEL 1 DEEPA BHUSHAN
Curriculum Editor
Also in this issue
Meet the Mola Mola SHEETAL SINGH
SOBHA PRADEEPKUMAR
Sky Lights
Asst Curriculum Editors
NOVEMBER 2017 JANUARY 2018 MYoOIuDUnDNgLGE FEBRUARY 2018
JEMMA ANTIA
English • STEM • Environment • Social Studies • Citizenship English • STEM • Environment • Social Studies • Citizenship English • STEM • Environment • Social Studies • Citizenship Photo Researcher

SALES & MARKETING

LATA VASVANI
Sales & Marketing Director

POOJA VIR
Communications Director

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