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Published by learnendo, 2019-05-17 08:50:35

English 1

Student Book

Keywords: English course

51
Page Fifty-one

Vocabulary – Unit 3
Back to Page 8

49. a /ə/ um, uma
50. an /ən/ um, uma
/ænd/
51. and /ˈɑːrm.tʃer/ e
52. armchair /blaɪnd/ poltrona
53. blind /bluː/ persiana
/bɔɪ/
54. blue /braʊn/ azul
55. boy /kæb/ menino, rapaz
56. brown /ˈkɑːr.pət/ marrom, castanho
/tʃer/
57. cab /ˈkʌl.ɚ/ táxi
58. carpet /ˈkɝː.tət n/ tapete, carpete
/dɔːr/
59 chair /fens/ cadeira
60. color /flɔːr/ cor
61. curtain /ˈflaʊ.ɚ/ cortina
/ɡeɪt/
62. door /ɡræs/ porta
63. fence /ɡreɪ/ cerca
64. floor /ɡriːn/ chão
/hi/
65. flower /haʊs/ flor
66. gate /lɪv/ - /laɪv/ portão, portal
67. grass /ˈlɪv.ɪŋ ˌruːm/ grama
/ɒv/
68. gray /ˈɔːr.ɪndʒ/ cinza
69. green /foʊn/ verde
/ˈpɪk.tʃɚ/
70. he /ruːf/ ele
71. house /ʃeɪd/ casa
72. live /smoʊk/ morar, ao vivo
/ˈteɪ.bəl/
73. living room /ˈteɪ.bəl.klɑːθ/ sala de estar
74. of /θɪŋ/ de, do, da
75. orange /trʌŋk/ laranja
/veɪs/
76. phone /wɑːl/ fone
77. picture /waɪt/ quadro, retrato, figura
78. roof /ˈjel.oʊ/ telhado

79. shade abajur, sombra, tom
80. smoke fumaça, fumar

81. table mesa
82. table-cloth toalha de mesa
83. thing coisa

84. trunk baú
85. vase vaso
86. wall parede

87. white branco
88. yellow amarelo

52
Page Fifty-two
Grammar – Unit 3
Back to Page 8

1. The pronunciation of "TH".

The "TH" is pronounced in two ways. When the "TH" must be pronounced in this way /θ/, place the
tongue between the teeth and let the air pass through the teeth without vibrating the vocal cords.

When the "TH" needs to be pronounced in this way /ð/, put the tongue between the teeth vibrate
the vocal chords to pronounce the word.

2. Definite article “the”.
The translation of "the" is "o, a, os, as" and it has two pronunciations. Before consonants is
pronounced /ðə/ and before vowels is pronounced /ðiː/.

The End

The Car

The Apple

The Elephant

The Batman

The Boss

The Armchair

3. Indefinite articles “a, an”.

Before words beginning with consonants use “a” and before words that begin with vowels, use
“an”.

53
Page Fifty-three
Exercises – Unit 3
Back to Page 11

1. Complete the gaps with the indefinite article (a or an) in the sentences as necessary.
Also answer the questions in the affirmative way.
Are there ___ cupboards in the kitchen?
_____________________________________________________________________________
Is there ___ trolley in the kitchen?
_____________________________________________________________________________
Is there ___ orange in the ling room?
_____________________________________________________________________________
Is there ___ tray in the kitchen?
_____________________________________________________________________________
Is the ___ sea blue?
_____________________________________________________________________________
Is there ___ elephant in the wash-house?
_____________________________________________________________________________
Is there ___ pail in the kitchen?
_____________________________________________________________________________
Is the ___ clothesline long?
_____________________________________________________________________________
Are there ___ clothespins in the wash-house?
_____________________________________________________________________________
Is the wash machine ___ in the living room?
_____________________________________________________________________________
Is the refrigerator ___ white?
_____________________________________________________________________________
Is the sun ___ big?
_____________________________________________________________________________

54
Page Fifty-four

Vocabulary – Unit 4
Back to Page 12

89. bar /bɑr/ sabão
90. big /bɪɡ/ grande
/bəʊθ/
91. both /brʊm/ ambos
92. broom /brʌʃ/ vassoura
93. brush /ˈkloʊðz.laɪn/ escova
/ˈkloʊzˌpɪn/
94. clothesline /kʌp/ varal
95. clothespin /ˈkʌb.ɚd/ prendedor de roupas
96. cup /ˈfraɪ.ɪŋ ˌpæn/ xícara, copo, taça
/ɪn/
97. cupboard /ˈket.t əl/ armário
98. frying pan /ˈkɪtʃ.ən/ frigideira
/lɑːŋ/
99. in /mæt/ em, dentro
100. kettle /mɑːp/ chaleira
101. kitchen /ˈnæp.kɪn/ cozinha
/ˈner.oʊ/
102. long /ˈniː.ðɚ/ /ˈnaɪ.ðɚ/ longo
103. mat /nɔːr/ tapete
104. mop /peɪl/ esfregão
/rɪˈfrɪdʒ.ə.reɪ.tɚt /
105. napkin /ˈsɑː.spən/ guardanapo
106. narrow /ˈsɑː.sɚ/ estreito
107. neither /ʃɔːrt/ nem
/sɪŋk/
108. nor /smɑːl/ nem
109. pail /soʊp/ balde
/stuːl/
110. refrigerator /stoʊv/ gelareira
111. saucepan /tæp/ panela
112. saucer /ðiː/ /ðə/ pires
/ðer/
113. short /ˈtrɑː.li/ curto
114. sink /wɑːʃ haʊs/ pia
115. small /wɑːʃ məˈʃiːn/
/ˈwɑːʃˌbɔːrd/ pequeno
116. soap /waɪd/
117. stool /ˈwɪn.doʊ/ sabão
118. stove banco, banqueta
fogão
119. tap
120. the torneira
o, a, os, as
121. there
122. trolley lá
123. wash house carrinho
lavanderia
124. wash machine
125. washboard máquina de lavar
126. wide lavador
largo
127. window
janela

55
Page Fifty-five
Grammar – Unit 4
Back to Page 12

1. There is and There are.
There is and there are mean the same thing. That is, the translation of the two in Portuguese is the
same. We can translate as “há or tem”. See the examples below:

There is a table in the living room.
Há uma mesa na sala de estar.
Tem uma mesa na sala de estar.

There are beds in the bedroom.
Há camas no quarto.
Tem camas no quarto.

56
Page Fifty-six

Exercises – Unit 4

1. Answer the questions in the affirmative.
Are there cupboards in the kitchen?
_____________________________________________________________________________
Is there a trolley in the kitchen?
_____________________________________________________________________________
Is there a television set in the ling room?
_____________________________________________________________________________
Is there a trolley in the kitchen?
_____________________________________________________________________________
Is the sea blue?
_____________________________________________________________________________
Is there a saucepan in the wash-house?
_____________________________________________________________________________
Is there a pail in the kitchen?
_____________________________________________________________________________
Is the clothesline long?
_____________________________________________________________________________
Are there clothespin in the wash-house?
_____________________________________________________________________________
Is the wash machine in the living room?
_____________________________________________________________________________
Is the refrigerator white?
_____________________________________________________________________________
Is the sun big?
_____________________________________________________________________________

57
Page Fifty-seven

Exercises – Unit 4

2. Answer the questions in a negative way.
Are there flowers in the kitchen?
_____________________________________________________________________________
Is there a cab in the living-room?
_____________________________________________________________________________
Is there a picture in the wash-house?
_____________________________________________________________________________
Is there a stool in the kitchen?
_____________________________________________________________________________
Is the sea orange?
_____________________________________________________________________________
Is there a saucers in the wash-house?
_____________________________________________________________________________
Is there a truck in the kitchen?
_____________________________________________________________________________
Is the table long?
_____________________________________________________________________________
Are there napkins in the wash-house?
_____________________________________________________________________________
Is the wash machine in the kitchen?
_____________________________________________________________________________
Is the refrigerator small?
_____________________________________________________________________________
Is the sun black?
_____________________________________________________________________________

58
Page Fifty-eight
Exercises – Unit 4
Back to Page 16

3. Change the affirmative phrases to the interrogative phrases and then to the negative
phrases.
There are chairs in the kitchen.
Interrogative:___________________________________________________________________
Negative:______________________________________________________________________
There is a cab in the garage.
Interrogative:___________________________________________________________________
Negative:______________________________________________________________________
There is an orange the refrigerator.
Interrogative:___________________________________________________________________
Negative:______________________________________________________________________
The sky is red.
Interrogative:___________________________________________________________________
Negative:______________________________________________________________________
The tablecloth is long and purple.
Interrogative:___________________________________________________________________
Negative:______________________________________________________________________
There are kettles in the wash-house.
Interrogative:___________________________________________________________________
Negative:______________________________________________________________________
The sink is in the kitchen.
Interrogative:___________________________________________________________________
Negative:______________________________________________________________________
The tap is golden.
Interrogative:___________________________________________________________________
Negative:______________________________________________________________________

59
Page Fifty-nine

Vocabulary – Unit 5
Back to Page 17

128. alarm clock /əˈlɑːrm ˌklɑːk/ despertador
////////////////////////////////////////ˈˈˈɪʃˈɡˈˈˈtpbwnðssssjðmrdkmlhjdwstkmrppbeɪʊlæjbrkrrreɪɪzɪuʌttilklaielæeʌɝɪɑrɪɪeʌoʊˈpːɪɑaiwseːɑɑruæʌks/ɪ/sːsvpaː/nn/ɪɪɪsinɪʊːkn/k/kʊː/ɪː.ː..ːːːn/tttd/eninɪəd//nɚ-sk/nf.p/n.rpː/////d/θ.swsʒ//t////ɪn/k///////ɚ/.ðt//////////////////////////////////////////ɑe/t/hæhhankbkkhhdlkhnldlˈˈˈˈˈˈˈˈˈˈˈˈˈˈˌˈˈˈˈˈˈʃəaæokpsbbpbpbbbbdæbmdbfmɡ/ɪːərloææaææaræeaʌəɪɪistliʊɪ/eææaææreææleɪɔɑtɑo/zːɑːʃæʊeɪmdnɪɪɪzteʃ/rl/n.ː/ddpɪʊ/.//mvznʊːrs/t./ːlː/t//mosθθθθθθr..tsɪ//sp..///./.dnɚb.ˈr.tŋ.srzʊt....//təɪe./ɪ/ərrtˌˌʊ/ˈeiətpŋə/t/mts/ʌŋ/oʊlɪɪaɪ/lm.r//ttk.bʊm.bee/æiʊˌb//t//bədreə/əzt//lɪ/l/l//./bəl/
111113811191316313121111112111111321111152342112111311431211121121113111123132117680.931436748645325.76364.59633445556546..0363744234168435653950.01.4645.25632.53b5d7..982.4.3066..478..96.7.0..6g183...d820..c.b9..4.345123..51095.b...79.21.c..aoll..a.tt.s..p.l.s...yt..s.a..t.s.....ls....ms.u.r..o.y..wr.mrm..u.wqw.hr.npp..inooisorhhoriaiesekteteuhvehbhhpbgmlmcbbbcedcnbpacbaldbfbdhhncdphlclaiawysunusbuaceriuoaiooaagaookieaiptngyiesnlaoliaarsewnfoiriatsoaoyeiariaeoaaaaaeialeirgteiceksdpoeenclmwgaskgrphtnieonnpocmaeesdlhrrmperhiknbtditttetrwrtvsdsedtonelskaeanhhsetretstnhhhhhhtwsawitptetiahdyrssonawernntbslsgrtisrrtotyioepaalutmrgoobctesitoonnrratybobltcaeewmagbemhtaielrtedslable mprlmcanrpnrdpnbemôéesacirrvetasmsuococlurrieeiee,heeoiaéhvonvlosnes,aoa,insáuuemhaaêaaaplslrvátmclunmutióógrlvvireoiriamãbtsderaoprlspaegoaueeivtepggei,soaoianau(o,roaurrtintattemaliioiaaoaoansdaáersnhfutsprpipbtlblmtdlabbbtcpfbcgaecbgtcptdmcecfqeratesmtneâuãaeearaeodda,aolrraiaoaaeeaslaoueneeauemlmtanamgátzdeiuãorrtpzmaueeaoaomploainnnnannnlbrvdnlvcrzasoeaxe,otzieptssnpodeeeíaattrhhéêhthráppehtoalrnlteeefãtd,i,iaoiltsle,eroeeetouacaianhaoaarioabldsltiiiorlrdoiaomrrrs,dodd-ameeoaoooeroneuee)dionuspraciibeouidrrbotaaaaopoa,,i,axnlcia,omhagcepplrioaaraosdreátvel
170. radio /ˈreɪ.di.oʊ/ radio
/ʃiː/
171. she /ʃelf/ ela
172. shelf /ˈʃaʊ.ɚ/ estante
/spʌndʒ/
173. shower /steərz/ chuveiro
174. sponge /ˈstætʃ.uː/ esponja
175. stairs escadas

176. statue estatua

60
Page Sixty

Vocabulary – Unit 5
Back to Page 17

177. sunny /ˈsʌn.i/ ensolarado
///////////ɪˈˈɡhdbkdkbbæzllæeʌɑoʊɑar/ɪsinʊːkʊːːt/n/kf.///d.s//k/ɚ///////////eðtttˈˈˈˈˈˈʌwttvwwuaɑ/ɪuɔepseːɪːɒʊɑɪːr//l/pr//θ..dːʃ/l/iˌ.ə.t/.btbəətɚt er/nˌʌɪs//.ʃos/ ʊəpn//
1941811513171111211116.878..887.8.0.8888..1.b7b1d0452bc.d936g.c88aolli....ah..r...au.o.noosoietttwtvuwttwaswysucoikooohlewfptkeodaanceiporletsoeaytierhhrdtsrbbeseroanuassipnh /ˈlɪs.ən/ dinmacréôrlriee,hvuu,niaalsrváórvieboploaeepgsuoritemtiaoasásudpdelaaasáttaodaaceazegcsvpeibiuclrumameomaoloaptesaaóvnaa,ija,,redordieppote,deedaailelraearraaaddsreccilniihmmtoeaa, telha
12. listen /lʊk/ escutar
/mæp/
13. look /mʌnθ/ olhar
14. map /muːn/ mapa
15. month /naɪt/ mês
/peɪdʒ/
16. moon /pleɪn/ lua
17. night /pɝːs/ noite
18. page /ˈkwes.tʃən/ página
/reɪn/
19. plane /rɪˈpiːt/ avião
20. purse /ˈrɪv.ɚ/ bolsa feminina
/siː/
21. question /ʃɪp/ pergunta
22. rain /skaɪ/ chuva
23. repeat /stɑːr/ repetir
/stɑːp/
24. river /sʌn/ rio
25. sea /ðiː/ - /ðə/ mar
26. ship /ðɪs/ navio
/treɪn/
27. sky /trʌk/ céu (atmosfera)
28. star /ˈjuː.nɪt/ estrela
29. stop /wiːk/ parar
/wɪnd/
30. sun /ˈrɪst.wɑːtʃ/ sol
31. the /jɪr/ o, a, os, as
/jes/
32. this este, esta
33. train trem
34. truck caminhão

35. unit unidade
36. week semana
37. wind vento

38. wristwatch relógio de pulso
39. year ano
40. yes sim

61
Page Sixty-one

Grammar – Unit 5
Back to Page 17

1. Contractions in English.

Contractions in English are shortened forms of certain words, with the omission of some letters. In this way, they
facilitate both written and spoken informal communication as the omitted parts are not pronounced.

I am – I’m
You are – You’re
They are – They’re

I betcha (bet you) we’ll be late. Aposto que chegaremos atrasados.
Dontcha (don’t you) think it’s getting late? Você não acha que está ficando tarde?
Gotcha (got you). Te peguei.
I got a lotta (lot of) stuff to do. Tenho muita coisa para fazer.
I’m outta (out of) here. Estou de saída.
Whatcha (what are you) doing? O que está fazendo?
Lemme (let me) help you. Deixa eu ajudar você.
Gimme (give me) the remote. Dê o controle remoto para mim.

2. The verb “to have”.

The verb to have is very used in the English language, can be used as auxiliary verb, as well as
the main verb and modal verb (have to).

Now we will study it as main verb. Exercising the main verb function, to have means “ter”,
“possuir”. With this sense, to have does not accept gerund and also with the sense of “ter”,
“possuir”, in the affirmative, we do not use the verb to have in the contracted form.

3. The auxiliary verb “do and does”.

The auxiliary verbs "do and does" are used to ask questions and negatives in Simple Present. We
use the “do” for the pronouns (I, you, we and they) and “does” for the pronouns (he, she and it).

When we use the "does" the verb goes back to form without conjugation. See below for examples:

Jesus loves us.
Does Jesus love us?
Jesus doesn't hate us.

When we use the “do”, the main verb does not change. See the examples below:

God and Jesus love us.
Do God and Jesus love us?
God and Jesus don't hate us.

62
Page Sixty-two

Exercises – Unit 5
Back to Page 22

1. Change the sentences to the negative.

I am Laura. I am not Laura.

I am here my friend. ______________________________________________________________________

You are my friend. ______________________________________________________________________

You are so beautiful. ______________________________________________________________________

We are in the train. ______________________________________________________________________

We are big. ______________________________________________________________________

They are in the truck. ______________________________________________________________________

2. Change the sentences to the interrogative.

I am Laura. Am I Laura?

I am here my friend. ______________________________________________________________________

You are my friend. ______________________________________________________________________

You are so beautiful. ______________________________________________________________________

We are in the train. ______________________________________________________________________

We are big. ______________________________________________________________________

They are in the truck. ______________________________________________________________________

189. ball 63 bola
Page Sixty-three
190. below Vocabulary – Unit 6 abaixo
191. between Back to Page 23 entre

192. blanket /bɑːl/ cobertor
193. bricks /bɪˈloʊ/ tijolo
194. carry /bɪˈtwiːn/ carregar
/ˈblæŋ.kɪt/
195. cat /brɪk/ gato
196. checked /ˈker.i/ xadrez
197. children /kæt/ crianças, filhos
/tʃekt/
198. cradle /ˈtʃɪl.drən/ berço
199. crawl /ˈkreɪ.dəl/ engatinhar
200. dog /krɑːl/ cachorro
/dɑːɡ/
201. doll /dɑːl/ boneca
202. drinking /ˈdrɪŋ.kɪŋ/ bebida, bebendo
/ɪr/
203. ear flɑʊərd/ orelha
204. flowered /ˈfʊt.bɑːl/ /ˈsɑː.kɚ/ florido
205. football (soccer) /frʌnt/ futebol
/ɡɝːl/
206. front /ɡɪˈtɑːr/ frente
207. girl /ɪn frʌnt ɑːv/ menina
208. guitar /ɪnˈsaɪd/ violão
/ɪts/
209. in front of /ˈdʒæk.ɪn.ðəˌbɑːks/ na frente de
210. inside /ˌmæɡ.əˈziːn/ dentro
211. its /mɪlk/ seu, sua
/neɪm/
212. Jack-in-the-box /ɑːn/ caixa-surpresa
213. magazine /ˈaʊt ˌəv/ revista
/ˌaʊtˈsaɪd/
214. milk /ˈoʊ.vɚ/ leite
215. name /ˈpæn.də/ nome
216. on /pleɪ/ no, na, sobre
/ˈpoʊ.stɚ/
217. out of /ˈræb.ɪt/ fora de
218. outside /ˈrek.ɚd ˌpleɪ.ɚ/ lada de fora
219. over /rʊm/ acima de
/ˈsker.kroʊ/
220. panda /ʃiːt/ panda
221. play /ˈsɪt.t ɪŋ/ jogar, tocar, brincar
222. poster /ˈsliː.pɪŋ/ poster, cartaz
/ˈsoʊl.dʒɚ/
223. rabbit /sprɪŋ/ coelho
224. record player /straɪpt/ toca-discos
225. room /swɪs/ quarto
/ˈted·i ˌbeər/
226. scarecrow /tɔɪ/ espantalho
227. sheet /triː/ lençol
/ˈʌn.dɚ/
228. sitting /ʌpˈsterz/ sentado, reunião
229. sleeping /ˈwɑːlˌpeɪ.pɚ/ dormindo, adormecido
230. soldiers /wɑːtʃ/ soldado
/ˈwɪn.doʊ.sɪl/
231. springing saltar, pular
232. striped listrado
233. Swiss suíço

234. teddy bear ursinho de pelúcia
235. toy brinquedo
236. tree árvore

237. under debaixo
238. upstairs andar de cima, em cima

239. wallpaper papel de parede
240. watch assitir
241. windowsill peitoril da janela

64
Page Sixty-four
Grammar – Unit 6
Back to Page 28

1. Prepositions in English.

Prepositions are terms that work as connectives of sentences.

They are very important to connect the words of a sentence be they nouns or pronouns,
establishing a connection between them. Thus, the prepositions complete the meaning of the
sentences.

65
Page Sixty-five
Exercises – Unit 6
Back to Page 28

1. Put the correct preposition and translate the sentences.

On – Inside – Under – In – Over – Below – Out of – Between – Outside – In front of
The dog is _________ the bed. __________________________________________
The guitar is _________ the closet. __________________________________________
The magazine is __________ the bed. __________________________________________
The tree _________ the house? __________________________________________
There is a shower _________ the bathroom. __________________________________________
The panda is ___________ the cat. __________________________________________
There is a ceiling light __________ the teddy-bear. __________________________________________
There are soldiers __________ the scarecrow. __________________________________________
The Jack-in-the-box is __________ its box. __________________________________________
The drum is _____________ the panda and the rabbit. __________________________________________
The cab is _____________ the house. __________________________________________
The bus is _____________ the house. __________________________________________
The records are __________ the ship. __________________________________________
The record-player is __________ the window. __________________________________________
The bricks are _________ the floor. __________________________________________
The baby is _________ the play room. __________________________________________

66
Page Sixty-six

Vocabulary – Unit 7
Back to Page 29

242. aunt /ænt/ tia
243. basket /ˈbæs.kət/ cesta
244. bridge /brɪdʒ/
/ˈbrʌð.ɚ.ɪn.lɑː/ ponta
245. brother-in-law /baɪ/
246. by /ˈkrɪs.ti.ən/ cunhado
247. Christian /ˈsɪɡ.ə.ret/ por, pelo
/ˈkʌn.tri/ cristão
248. cigarette /ˈkʌz.ən/
249. country /iːt/ cigarro
250. cousin /ˌen.dʒɪˈnɪr/ país
/ˈfɑː.ðɚ/ primo, prima
251. eat /ˈfɑː.ðɚ.ɪn.lɑː/
252. engineer /fuːd/ comer, alimentar
/fʊl/ engenheiro
253. father /ˈɡɑːr.dən/
254. father-in-law /ˈɡræn.tʃaɪld/ pai
255. food /ˈɡræn.fɑː.ðɚ/ sogro
/ˈɡræn.mʌð.ɚ/ comida, alimento
256. full /ˈhaʊs.waɪf/
257. garden /ˈhʌz.bənd/ cheio
258. grandchild (grandchildren) /ˈkɪn.dɚˌɡɑːr.tən/ jardim
/ˈnit.t ɪŋ/ neto, neta
259. grandfather /ˈleɪ.di/
260. grandmother /mæn/ avô
261. housewife /ˈmʌð.ɚ/ avó
/ˈmʌð.ɚ.ɪn.lɑː/ dona de casa
262. husband /maɪ/
263. kindergarten /ˈnev.juː/ marido
/ˈnɪk.neɪm/ Jardim da infância
264. knitting /niːs/
265. lady /oʊld/ tricô
266. man /ˈpɪk.nɪk/ senhora
/rɪˈleɪʃənz/ /ˈrel.ə.tɪt v/ homem
267. mother /ˈsæn.wɪtʃ/
268. mother-in-law /ˈsɝː.vɪŋ/ mãe
269. my /ˈsɪs.tɚ.ɪn.lɑː/ sogra
/ˈsmoʊ.kɪŋ/ meu(s), minha(s)
270. nephew /ˈsʌn.ɪn.lɑː/
271. nickname /striːm/ sobrinho
272. niece /ˈsɝː.neɪm/ apelido
/ˈswet.t ɚ/ sobrinha
273. old /ˈʌŋ.kəl/
274. picnic /huː/ velho, velha
275. relations (relatives) /waɪf/ pique-nique
/ˈwʊm.ən/ parentes
276. sandwich /ˈwɪm.ɪn/
277. serving /ˈwɝː.kɪŋ/ sanduíche
/jʌŋ/ servir, servidor
278. sister-in-law
279. smoking cunhada
280. son-in-law fumar, fumante
cunhado
281. stream
282. surname córrego, riacho
283. sweater sobrenome
suéter
284. uncle
285. who tio
286. wife quem
esposa
287. woman
288. women mulher
mulheres
289. working (work)
290. young trabalhar, funcionando
jovem

67
Page Sixty-seven
Grammar – Unit 7
Back to Page 33

1. The Genitive Case (‘s)

The Genitive Case (or Possessive) is formed by the use of an apostrophe (') followed or not by “s”
is typical of the English Language.

It is basically used to show that something belongs or is associated with someone or some
element. The ('s) comes after the name of the possessor, who will always precede the thing
belonging. Look:

The name of my son is Levi.
The my son's name is Levi.

The name of my twins boys are Arthur and Eric.
The my twins boys' names are Arthur and Eric.

Son is the possessor and name is the belonging.

2. Possessive pronouns “My and Your”.

Os pronomes possessivos “my e your” são usados tanto no singular quanto no plural. A traduação
de my é (meu, minha, meus, minhas) e a tradução de your é (teu, tua, teus, tuas).

Possessive pronouns “my and your” are used in both singular and plural forms. The translation of
my is (meu, minha, meus, minhas) and the translation of your is (teu, tua, teus, tuas).

68
Page Sixty-eight
Exercises – Unit 7
Back to Page 33

1. Put the correct possessive pronouns.

This is ________ wrist watch. (meu)
Is it ________ house? (tua)
These are ________ briefcases. (minhas)
Are these ________ oranges? (tuas)
This is ________ bus. (teu)
Are they ________ trunks? (meus)
It’s ________ chair. (minha)
These are ________ vases. (teus)
Is she ________ mother? (tua)
She is ________ sister. (minha)

2. Write the sentences in the genitive case.

Mr. John is husband of Helen. ___________________________________________________
He is father of Bob, Pat and Billy. ___________________________________________________
She is daughter of Agatha and Arthur. ___________________________________________________
She is sister of David and Richard. ___________________________________________________
She is sister-in-law of Helen Clark. ___________________________________________________
She is wife of Bill White. ___________________________________________________
She is mother of Ben, Lorna and Peggy. ___________________________________________________
He is father of Richard. ___________________________________________________
He is father of Joan White and David Clark, too. ____________________________________________________
He is father-in-law of Helen Clark and Bill White. ____________________________________________________
He is husband of Agatha. ___________________________________________________
She is wife of Richard. ___________________________________________________
She is mother of Bob, Pat and Billy. ___________________________________________________
He is son-in-law of Agatha and Arthur. ___________________________________________________
He is brother-in-law of David and Richard. ___________________________________________________
He is brother-in-law of Helen Clark, too. ___________________________________________________
He is husband of Joan White. ___________________________________________________
He is father of Ben, Lorna and Peggy. ___________________________________________________
He is uncle of Bob, Pat and Billy. ___________________________________________________

69
Page Sixty-nine

Vocabulary – Unit 8
Back to Page 34

291. behind /bɪˈhaɪnd/ atrás
292. bell /bel/ sino
/ˈblækˌbɔrd/
293. blackboard /tʃɔk/ lousa
294. chalk /ˈkʌl.əd/ giz
295. coloured /kʌm/ colorido
/desk/
296. come /ˈdʌz·ənt/ vir, chegar
297. desk /eɡ/ carteira, mesa de escritório
298. doesn’t /ɪˈreɪ·sər/ não
/ˈev·ri/
299. egg /flæɡ/ ovo
300. eraser /ˈles·ən/ borracha
/ˈnoʊtˌbʊk/
301. every /ˈʌð·ər/ cada, todo
302. flag /ˈoʊ·vəl/ badeira
303. lesson /ˈpeɪ·pər/ lição, aula
/ˈpen·səl/
304. notebook /ˈpɜr·sən/ caderno, notebook
305. other /pis/ outro, outra
306. oval /ˈriː·dɪŋ/ oval
/rekˈtæŋ·ɡjə·lər/
307. paper /raʊnd/ papel
308. pencil /skul/ lápis
309. person /ˈskuːl.bɔɪ/ pessoa
/skweər/
310. piece /ˈstu·dənt/ pedaço, fatia, fragmento
311. reading /ˈtrɑɪˌæŋ·ɡəl/ ler, leitura
/ˈraɪ·tɪŋ/
312. rectangular retangular
313. round redondo
314. school escola

315. schoolboy aluno
316. square quadrado
317. student estudante

318. triangular triângulo
319. writing escrita, redação

70
Page Seventy

Grammar – Unit 8
Back to Page 34

1. English English number.

2. Present continuous.

The present continuous is a verb tense used in the English language to describe actions that are
happening at the moment of speaking or actions that have just taken place. This verb tense is
formed by the subject + simple present of the verb to be (am, are, is) + the gerund of the main verb
(-ing).

I am eating a burger.
You are learning a lot about that country.
He is washing the dishes now.
She is studying English every day.
It is raining today.
You are running a lot.
We are saving money to buy ice cream.They are learning Spanish today.

Other ways to use the present continuous:

The present continuous is used to show actions that are happening at the moment of the speech,
more precisely that began before, continued and will continue after the moment of the speech.

71
Page Seventy-one
Exercises – Unit 8
Back to Page 38

1. Change the sentences to the present continuous.

I _________ ____________________ at church today (sing).
The boys _________ ____________________ ball after school (play).
She _________ ____________________ (cry).
Levi _________ ____________________ to his friend (talk).
The baby __________ ___________________ in his crib (sleep).
We _________ ____________________ the museum in the afternoon (visit).
Eric __________ not ______________________ (stand).
Arthur _________ ____________________ in the chair (sit).
You ________ not _____________________ the movie (watch).
Laura _________ ____________________ a book (read).
She _________ not _________________ to the game tonight (go).
He _________ _________________ his friends after school (meet).
_________ you _________________ your cousin this weekend? (visit).
I _________ not _________________ to the meeting after work (go).
_________ John _________________ football today? (play).

72
Page Seventy-two

Vocabulary – Unit 9
Back to Page 39

320. address /əˈdres/ endereço
321. all /ɔːl/ todos, todas
/bæd/ mal, ruim
322. bad
323. best /best/ o melhor
324. better /ˈbet·t ər/
/ˈkɑn·trækt/ melhor
325. contract
326. deliver /dɪˈlɪv·ər/ contrato
327. doing
/ˈdu·ɪŋ/ entregar
328. envelope
329. fat /ˈen·və·ləʊp/ fazendo

330. first envelope
331. from
332. good /fæt/ gordo(a)
/fɜrst/
333. lawyer /frʌm/ primeiro
334. letter
335. mail /ɡʊd/ do, da, de

336. mailbox /ˈlɔɪ·ər/ bom, boa
337. miss
338. office /ˈlet·t ər/ advogado(a)

339. parcel (package) /meɪl/ carta
340. partner
/ˈmeɪlˌbɑks/ correio
341. post office
342. postman (mailman) /mɪs/ caixa de correio
343. put
/ˈɔ·fɪs/ senhora, perder
344. recorder
345. second /ˈpɑr·səl/ /ˈpæk·ɪdʒ/ escritório
346. speak
/ˈpɑrt·nər/ pacote, encomenta
347. stamp
348. take /ˈpəʊst ˌɒf·ɪs/ parceiro, par
349. tape
/ˈpoʊst·mən/ /ˈmeɪlˌmæn/ agência de correios
350. than
351. thin /pʊt/ carteiro

352. third /rɪˈkɔr·dər/ colocar, por
353. typing
354. van /ˈsek·ənd/ gravador

355. worse segundo(a)
356. worst
/spik/ falar

/stæmp/ selo
/teɪk/
/teɪp/ levar

fita, cassete

/ðæn/ (do) que
/θɪn/
/θɜrd/ fino, delgado

/tɑɪp·ɪŋ/ terceiro

digitação

/væn/ furgão
/wɜrs/
/wɜrst/ pior

o pior

73
Page Seventy-three

Grammar – Unit 9
Back to Page 39

1. Comparative of superiority.

How to build

One syllable add “er":

old – older
small – smaller

● Two syllable ending in “consonant-vowel-consonant" (CVC) double consonants:

hot – hotter

sad – sadder
slim – slimmer

● Adjectives with one OR two syllable(s) ending in “y” add “i” + “er”:

shy – shier

happy – happier
easy – easier

● Adjectives with one syllable ending in “e” add “r”:

ripe – riper
nice – nicer

● Other adjectives with two or more syllables add “more”:

famous – more famous

beautiful – more beautiful
interesting – more interesting

● Irregular forms:

good – better
bad – worse
far – farther

74
Page Seventy-four
Exercises – Unit 9

Back to Page 43

1. Change the sentences to the comparative sentences.
An armchair is comfortable. (chair)
______________________________________________________________________________
Stuart is tall (Mike)
______________________________________________________________________________
A plane is fast. (car)
______________________________________________________________________________
The cat is big. (mouse)
______________________________________________________________________________
The organizer is thin. (book)
______________________________________________________________________________
The dove is pretty. (bat)
______________________________________________________________________________

The Sahara desert is dry. (savanna)
______________________________________________________________________________
A bus is large. (car)
______________________________________________________________________________
In Summer the weather is fine. (winter)
______________________________________________________________________________
A shark is dangerous. (clown-fish)
______________________________________________________________________________
A castle is expensive. (house)
______________________________________________________________________________
The sun is far. (moon)
______________________________________________________________________________

75
Page Seventy-five

Objectives

The purpose of this course is to teach the reading and interpretation of texts in English for the students of the 
SETELIP Bible Colege and in parallel also to teach the four language skills for the students of the SETELIP 
English Course.

Requirements

Vocabulary tests;
Do the exercises;
Evaluations (A1 and A2);
Final evaluation (AF).

Note

The  following  pattern  will  be  used  for  the  student's  final  grade.  Your  teacher  will  be  able  to  modify your 
final  average  around  5%  according  to  your  participation  and  interaction.  The  course  is  divided  into  4 
modules.  In  each  module  students  will  have  to  take  tests,  exercises  and  evaluations  (A1,  A2,  AF).  The 
average will be calculated with the notes of (A1 and A2). If the student does not reach the minimum of 7.0 
will have to do the final evaluation. The (AF) will be the entire content of the module and the AF note will 
be the module's average.

76
Page Seventy-six

Bibliografia
British Council ­ https://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/english­grammar/verb­be
Grammar ­ https://www.grammar.com/conjugating­the­verb­to­be
Inglês na Ponta da Língua ­ https://www.inglesnapontadalingua.com.br/2011/07/gramatica­there­is­e­there­are.html
Toda Matéria ­ https://www.todamateria.com.br/preposicoes­em­ingles/
English Live ­ https://englishlive.ef.com/pt­br/blog/contracoes­em­ingles/
Só língua Inglesa ­ https://www.solinguainglesa.com.br/conteudo/verbtohave1.php
InfoEscola ­ https://www.infoescola.com/ingles/presente­continuo­present­continuous/
Your Dictionary ­ https://examples.yourdictionary.com/present­continuous­tense­examples.html
Aprender Inglés ­ https://aprenderingles.org/abecedario­en­ingles/


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