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Published by Nor Hafiza binti Abd Samad (Hjh) (UC), 2019-12-05 00:04:32

Conference Proceeding MARIC 2019_upated

Conference Proceeding MARIC 2019_upated


1st Multidisciplinary Academic Research International Conference 2019
Table of Contents

Chairman of MARA Welcome Message ..................................................................................... 3
Patron Welcome Remark ........................................................................................................... 4
General Chair Welcome Remark ............................................................................................... 5
Keynote Speakers...................................................................................................................... 6
About KUPTM............................................................................................................................ 7
Organizing Committee ............................................................................................................... 8
Technical Reviewer...................................................................................................................10
The Venue ................................................................................................................................11
Venue Layout............................................................................................................................12
Programme Schedule ...............................................................................................................13
Presentation Schedule ..............................................................................................................14
Sponsorship ..............................................................................................................................18
Track 1: Advances In Computing, Electronics, Engineering & Mathematics ..............................19
Track 2: Advances In Humanities, Education, Arts, Teaching & Learning .................................55
Track 3: Advances in Business & Economics, Social Science, Communications & Media ........68


Welcome Message Chairman of MARA Welcome Message

CHAIRMAN of Majlis Amanah Rakyat (MARA)

Dr. Hasnita Dato’ Hashim

I wish to express my warmest gratitude and recognition to Kolej Universiti Poly-
Tech MARA for organizing the 1st Multidisciplinary Academic Research
International Conference 2019 (MARIC 2019) in collaboration with UiTM Shah
Alam, Universiti Malaysia Pahang and Politeknik Aceh Selatan (POLTAS),
Indonesia. International academic conferences like MARIC serves as an
important platform to facilitate the growth of knowledge through the exchange of
ideas and exposure of research. As the country steps up to the challenges of
the 21st Century, collaborations between the various academic and industrial
bodies are crucial in spurring the advancement of research and development.
This is pivotal in ensuring that Malaysia remains a competitive player on the global stage. Majlis
Amanah Rakyat (MARA) encourages the expansion of events like MARIC that serves to facilitate
the output of research and innovation in the country and at the same time inculcate a research
culture among the nation’s academics. On that note, I convey my gratitude and heartfelt
appreciation to everyone involved in organizing MARIC 2019. Congratulations to Kolej Universiti
Poly-Tech MARA, its collaborators and sponsors for making this event a resounding success.
Thank you to all the participants for supporting MARIC 2019.

May the time spent today be both productive and fulfilling.

Warm regards,

Chairman of MARA


Patron Welcome Remark


Associate Professor Dr. Darulihsan Abdul Hamid

Vice Chancellor
Kolej Universiti Poly-Tech MARA

On behalf of Kolej Universiti Poly-Tech MARA, we are delighted to Welcome Remark
welcome all participants and presenters to the 1st Multidisciplinary
Academic Research International Conference 2019 (MARIC 2019).
In line with its theme of “Promoting innovation in academics and
industrial experts between multidisciplinary research and practice”,
this conference is an excellent opportunity for the exchange of
knowledge between academics, researchers and experts from a
multitude of different fields. We hope that MARIC also acts as a
platform for collaboration between education institutions and
industries to further advance the development multidisciplinary
As the global market leaps forward into Industry 4.0, in order to
remain competitive, all parties must adapt and digitalize to take
advantage of what the Fourth Industrial Revolution offers. These efforts involve synthesizing from
the many different aspects of knowledge and experience from various disciplines and therein lies
the necessity of collaboration between academics and experts in different fields.

I would like to extend recognition and compliments to the MARIC 2019 Organizing Committee for
their tireless efforts in accomplishing this event. I also extend my thanks to our Co-Chairs from
UiTM Shah Alam, Universiti Malaysia Pahang and Politeknik Aceh Selatan (POLTAS), Indonesia,
whose support were paramount in the success of this event. To all presenters and participants, I
extend a heartfelt gratitude for your support.

Welcome to MARIC 2019.

May your exchange be rewarding.

Best wishes,

Associate Professor Dr. Darulihsan Abdul Hamid
MARIC 2019, Patron


General Chair Welcome Remark


Ts. Dr. Zahrah Yahya

On behalf of the Organizing Committee of the 1st Multidisciplinary
Academic Research International Conference 2019 (MARIC 2019),
it is with great pleasure to welcome each of you participants to this
conference, which is held in the Bangi Resort Hotel, Selangor,
Malaysia on the 10th December 2019.

Welcome Remark The event is organized by Kolej Universiti Poly-Tech MARA in

collaboration with Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) Shah Alam,

Universiti Malaysia Pahang, and Politeknik Aceh Selatan

(POLTAS), Indonesia. MARIC 2019 conference theme is
“Promoting innovation in academics and industrial experts between
multidisciplinary research and practice”. The objective is to provide

the platform to share research and experience in various


The conference provides visionary keynotes by distinguished experts from industry and
academia. We have received submissions from local and international researchers, which were
evaluated by outstanding reviewers. The accepted papers are presented in three tracks with eight
parallel sessions.

None of this would have happened without the earnest efforts of the working committees,
colleagues, friends and organizations. Very much grateful to our Co-Chairs Dr. Natrah Abdullah
@Dollah from UiTM Shah Alam, Associate Professor Dr. Mohd Shahrir Mohd Sani from Universiti
Malaysia Pahang and Dr. Muhammad Yasar from Politeknik Aceh Selatan (POLTAS), Indonesia.
I wish to thank all who have participated and supported our work in many ways, and all who
helped us in making this event possible and successful. Finally, we thank our patrons and
sponsors for their warm support.

Wish you all a very fruitful knowledge sharing.

Welcome to MARIC 2019!

With warm regards,

Ts. Dr. Zahrah Yahya
MARIC 2019, General Chair


Keynote Speakers Keynote Speaker

Dr. Dzaharudin Mansor

National Technology Officer Microsoft Malaysia

Dr. Dzaharudin Mansor is the National Technology Officer (“NTO”) for
Microsoft Malaysia. He is an experienced adjunct Professor with a
demonstrated history of working in computing technologies and
services industry since the early 80s. He loves technology, learning new
skills, taking up challenging assignments and contributing to the larger
good. As the NTO, Dr. Dzaharudin drives the engagement with key
national technology stakeholders, which include academics, policy
makers & advisors, and interest groups with the intention to builds trust
while contribute to national development. Dr. Dzaharudin Mansor
received his First Class Honors Degree in Computer Systems Engineering from Monash
University, Australia in 1985, and completed his PhD in Computer Science at La Trobe University,
Australia in 1988. Dr. Dzaharudin then joined Microsoft in 2005 and has more than 31 years of
professional experience in ICT and telecommunications. In 2010, he had the honor of leading the
Business Services Economic Transformation Program (ETP) Labs that has been one of the key
initiatives by the Malaysian Government to transform Malaysia into a developed nation by 2020.
He also holds several associate positions at, PIKOM, MIGHT and others. Dr. Dzaharudin is
passionate about technology and aspires to contribute towards the nation’s Knowledge Economy

Associate Professor Dr. Wan Adilah Wan Adnan

Faculty of Computer & Mathematical Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA

Wan Adilah Wan Adnan is an Associate Professor of Information
Technology at the Faculty of Computer & Mathematical Sciences
University technology MARA (UiTM) Shah Alam Selangor. She
serves as a lecturer and actively in conducting research. Her research
interest including Human Computer Interaction with particular interest
in information visualization and personalization. The focus is on the
user-centered design and evaluation of artifacts that concerns with
users’ perceptual and cognitive abilities and limitations. She received
her first degree in Computer Science from the University of Western
Illinois USA in 1985 and pursued her Master’s Degree in Universiti
Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) in 1995. In 2007, she completed her
PhD in Information Technology from UiTM Shah Alam. Her selected publications include
Centricity in Community E-Museum Design: Personalization through Cognitive Dimension,
International Journal of Information Processing and Management, vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 26-36, which
was in 2013. She received various awards for her research. In 2006, she obtained Silver Medal
at the 55th World Exhibition of Innovation, Research and New Technology, Innova-Eureka 2006”,
Brussels Belgium. In the same year she received Gold Medal at the 17th International Invention.
Innovation & Technology Exhibition 2006 (ITEX. 06), Kuala Lumpur and followed by Silver Medal
at The 17th Inventions, Innovations, and Design (IID 2006). She was awarded as Excellent
Services Award (Anugerah Khidmat Cemerlang) Year 2015 from UiTM.



Kolej Poly-Tech MARA (KPTM), formerly known as Kolej Yayasan
Pelajaran MARA (KYPM) was established as a private higher
educational institution under the Private Higher Educational
Institutions Act 1996 (Act 555) in September 2003. Managed by
Kolej Poly-Tech MARA Sdn. Bhd., a wholly owned subsidiary of
Majlis Amanah Rakyat (MARA), KPTM offers a wide range of
educational opportunities in the field of information technology,
computer science, accounting, business management, engineering
and health sciences.

It all started in January 1983 with the establishment of the Learning Resource Centre in Kota
Bharu, Kelantan. In June 1983 Maktab Sains MARA (also known as MARA Community College)
in Kuantan, Pahang was formed. At that time, it offered a twinning programme known as the
American Associate Degree (AAD). The programmed was well accepted by more than 75

universities in the United States and New Zealand as a 2+2
transfer degree programme. This remarkable achievement
later led to the establishment of KPTM Kuala Lumpur
(1987), KPTM Bangi (1988) and KPTM Kota Bharu (1994).

Other international strategic alliances were formed with the
Northern Consortium of the United Kingdom (1988), the
Australian Consortium of Higher Education in Malaysia
(1994) and the British Consortium of Higher Education in
Malaysia (1994) which enabled students to further their
studies in a number of reputable universities in the UK and
Australia. 1993 saw another alliance formed with the Dublin Business School, Ireland to conduct
the ACCA professional accounting programme. A Partnership with Coventry University, United
Kingdom (2004) has led to initiatives in producing world class graduates. KPTM’s existing
strength was built through its excellent track record and the merging of 2 MARA’s renowned
institutions i.e. Kolej Yayasan Pelajaran MARA (KYPM) and Akademi Infotech MARA (AIM).
KPTM has grown to be among the biggest Bumiputra private educational institutions with more
12,500 full time students spread over 7 campuses, with Kuala Lumpur as the main campus and
branches in Bangi, Kuantan, Kota Bharu, Alor Setar, Ipoh, Batu Pahat and Semporna.

KPTM also established local collaboration with the public and private universities such as
Universiti Teknologi MARA (1994), Universiti Putra Malaysia (1995), Universiti Malaya (1995),
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (1996), Universiti Sains Malaysia (1996), Universiti Multimedia
(1998), Universiti Utara Malaysia and also the Matriculation Centre, Ministry of Education
Malaysia (1999). KPTM has stridden through another historical milestone in its excellent journey
in academia recently when its Kuala Lumpur branch was upgraded to a full university college
status. Today, since October 2015, KPTM KL is proudly known as Kolej Universiti Poly-Tech
MARA (KUPTM), offering high quality home-grown degree programmes in the area of
Accountancy, Communication, Human Resources, English and Information Security. With this
progress, KUPTM is ever ready to produce more quality and professional Bumiputera who are
able to function resiliently and effectively at the global stage.


Organizing Committee

Patron Program Committee

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Darulihsan Abdul Hamid, Dr. Nurisyal Muhamad, KUPTM

Vice Chancellor, KUPTM Zila Zainal Abidin

Soraya Sharifuddin

Founding Chair Mohd Zahrul Baharin

Prof. Ts. Dr. Ahmad Othman, KUPTM Zaidatulnisha Ab Jalil

Nor Zalina Zalwadi MARIC 2019 Organizing Committee

Advisor Syatila Che Saruji

Prof. Ts. Dr. Md. Yusoff Taib, KUPTM Nor Hafiza Abd Samad (Hjh)

Fatin Najlaa Malik

General Chair Nur Filzahruz Mohamad Sah

Ts. Dr. Zahrah Yahya, KUPTM Mohammad Ariff Othman

Anis Juanita Mohd Zainudin

Deputy Chair I Mohd Fitry Yahya

Dr. Farha Abdol Ghapar, KUPTM Syazalinah Wasli

Ana Salwa Md Zin

Deputy Chair II Siti Hirdayu Mohd Radzi

Dr. Norasyikin Mahmud, KUPTM

Co-Chair I Technical Committee
Dr. Natrah Abdullah @ Dollah, UiTM Dr. Norhaninah A Ghani, KUPTM

Co-Chair II Dr. Nurulhuda Noordin, UiTM
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Mohd Shahrir Mohd Sani, Prof. Dr. Rizalman Mamat, UMP
Ir. Dr. Mohd Azmi Yunus, UiTM
UMP Dr. Muhamad Norhisham Abdul Rani, UiTM
Dr. Ahmad Fauzi Ahmad Zaini
Co-Chair III
Dr. Muhammad Yasar, S.TP., M.Sc, Dr. Nisrin Alyani Ishak
Shuhadah Othman
POLTAS Adam Shukri Ali
Awatif Obaid
Treasurer Fauziah Yusuf
Norsiah Abd Shukor, KUPTM Noraliza Azizan
Nur Anisah Tahir
Siti Aminah Hazmi
Rabiatul Adawiah Mustaffa


MARIC 2019 Organizing Committee Logistic Committee Publication Committee
Dr. Mohd Faizal Mohd Arif, KUPTM Dr. Fauziah Redzuan, UiTM
Dr. Dewi Izzwi Abdul Manan, KUPTM
Noor Nazariah Zainol Abidin
Ab Arif Sanusi Ariffin Dr. Zarihan Samsudin
Rasman Jumarlang Dr. Norehan Hussin
Saburiah Mamat (Hjh)
Bachtiar Juwinda Haron
Publicity Committee
Secretariat Assoc. Prof. Dr. Fariza Hanis Abdul
Norhayati Abdul Jamil, KUPTM
Noor Farah Wahida Abdul Rashid Razak, UiTM
Dr. Muhamad Shamsul Ibrahim, KUPTM
Azwa Abdul Ghani
Harlinawati Abdul Kadir
Sponsorship Committee Aslimariah Ahmad
Dr. Muhamad Nizam Jali, KUPTM
Siti Faezah Miserom
Saifulrizan Norizan Noor Suhaida Kamarudin

Food and Beverage Committee
Dr. Hirnissa Mohd Tahir, KUPTM

Hafizah Zainita Mohamad Alwi


Technical Reviewer Technical Reviewer
Technical Reviewer

Dr. Aqeel Abdullah Ahmed Al-Surmi, Sana'a University, Yemen
Dr. Micheal Odetayo, Coventry University, UK

Dr. Muhammad Hilmi Kamarudin, Oxford Brookes University, U.K
Prof. Dr. Raihani El-Banjari, Sultan Syarif Kasim State Islamic University, Indonesia

Dr. Hassan Hadi Khaleel, Al-Esraa University College, Iraq
Sim Siew Ling, UCTS, Malaysia

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ahmad Zabidi Abdul Razak, UM, Malaysia
Dr. Suhaila Zainudin, UKM, Malaysia

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Izzuddin Zaman, UTHM, Malaysia
Ts. Dr. Zahrah Yahya, KUPTM, Malaysia

Dr. Farha Abdol Ghapar, KUPTM, Malaysia
Dr. Norhaninah A.Ghani, KUPTM, Malaysia
Dr. Nurisyal Muhamad, KUPTM, Malaysia
Dr. Muhamad Shamsul Ibrahim, KUPTM, Malaysia

Dr. Elmi Baharuddin, KUPTM, Malaysia
Dr. Airuddin Ahmad, KUPTM, Malaysia
Dr. Sharifah Syahirah Syed Sheikh, KUPTM, Malaysia
Dr. Norhayati Sulaiman, KUPTM, Malaysia
Dr. Mas Anom Abdul Rashid, KUPTM, Malaysia
Dr. Norasyikin Mahmud, KUPTM, Malaysia
Dr. Nan Zakiah Megat Ibrahim, KUPTM, Malaysia
Dr. Nisrin Alyani Ishak, KUPTM, Malaysia
Dr. Dewi Izzwi Abdul Manan, KUPTM, Malaysia
Ir. Dr. Mohd Azmi Yunus, UiTM, Malaysia

Dr. Hafizan Hashim, UiTM, Malaysia
Dr. Zan Azma Nasruddin, UiTM, Malaysia
Dr. Nurulhuda Noordin, UiTM, Malaysia
Dr. Rozianawaty Osman, UiTM, Malaysia
Dr. Muhamad Norhisham Abdul Rani, UiTM, Malaysia
Assoc. Prof. Mohd Shahrir Mohd Sani, UMP, Malaysia
Dr. Ftwi Yohaness Hagos, UMP, Malaysia
Dr. Abdul Rahman Jaafar, UUM, Malaysia
Raja Rizal Iskandar Raja Hisham, UUM, Malaysia
Dr. Abdul Rahman Zahari, UNITEN, Malaysia

Elinda Esa, UNITEN, Malaysia
Dr. Wan Salha Yusoff, UNIMAP, Malaysia


The Venue
Bangi Resort Hotel, Selangor Malaysia

A picturesque 5-star conference resort, conveniently located midway between Kuala Lumpur
International Airport and Kuala Lumpur city centre. Built atop Bandar Baru Bangi’s highest peak,

it is surrounded by a 27-hole championship golf course, lush tropical greens and offers wonderful

vista and serene environment.

The Venue Address
Off, Persiaran Bandar, Bangi Golf Club, 43650 Bandar Baru Bangi, Selangor.
Tel: +603 8210 2222

Nearest Hotel 5 mins by car
UKM Puri Pujangga (2 star) 10 mins by car
Oriental Crystal, Kajang (3 star) 10 mins by car
Prescott Metro Inn, Kajang (3 star) 15 mins by car
Palm Garden OIO Resort Hotel (4 Star) 15 mins by car
Putrajaya J.W. Mariott hotel (5 star) 15 mins by car
Putrajaya Shangri La Hotel (5 star) 20 mins by car
Palace of the Golden Horses (5 star)

Bangi Resort Hotel Map


Venue Layout Venue Layout

Funtasia Restaurant is located at Level 1
Dahlia 2 Room, Dahlia 3 Room, Dahlia 6 Room, Raya Room and Prayer Room are located at Level 2
Melur Room is located at Level 3 (Lobby)


Programme Schedule
Tuesday, 10th December 2019 - Conference Schedule

Programme Schedule 8.00 am Arrival & Registration of participants
9.00 am Keynote Speech by YBhg. Dr. Dzaharudin Mansor,
9.30 am
10.00 am National Technology Officer, Microsoft Malaysia

10.30 am Keynote Speech by YBhg. Associate Professor Dr. Wan Adilah
Wan Adnan
(Melur Hall)
Faculty of Computer & Mathematical Sciences, UiTM
11.30 am
1.00 pm Morning Tea Break & Poster Presentation
2.00 pm Arrival of Chairman of Majlis Amanah Rakyat (MARA)
5.30 pm
National Anthem, Malaysia Bersih, MARA and Recital of Doa
(Melur Hall) Welcoming Address by YBrs. Ts. Dr. Zahrah Yahya

General Chair, The 1st Multidisciplinary Academic Research
International Conference (MARIC 2019)

Welcoming Remarks by YBhg. Associate Professor Dr.
Darulihsan Abdul Hamid

Patron, The 1st Multidisciplinary Academic Research International
Conference (MARIC 2019)

Opening Remarks by YBhg. Dr. Hasnita Binti Dato’ Hashim
Chairman of Majlis Amanah Rakyat (MARA)

Group Photo

Parallel Session I

Lunch Break

Parallel Session II

Afternoon Tea Break

Closing Ceremony & Conference Awards


Presentation Schedule


Ir Dr. Mohd Azmi Yunus
DAHLIA II Dr. Dewi Izzwi Abdul
The Design of secured E- Manan
Moderator Teaching Portfolio Dr. Norasyikin Mahmud Dr. Farha Abdol Ghapar
11.30 am System Measuring the Effect of
The Effect of blended Bursa Suq Al Sila Servant Leadership on
learning face-to face driver Framework Analysis the Performance of
model in improving English SMEs
language self-efficacy and
proficiency among diploma

11.45 am Measuring Area of Review on the Instrument Validation of The effects of
Irregular Shape of Leaf Machinability of Users Using Cuti - Cuti 1 discrimination,
Lesion by using Commercially Pure Malaysia Facebook Page organizational justice and
Enhancement Algorithm Titanium grade 2 and to Search for Malaysia organizational politics
Artificial Bee Colony Titanium Alloy Ti6Al4V Tourism Information
Presentation Schedule
12.00 pm Unlocking E-Wallet with English Language The Influence of Working Capital
Near Field Teaching and Learning Management and Extent
Communication Tag as Issues in Malaysia: Utilitarian and Hedonic of Influence on Public
Two-Factor Teachers and Indigenous Listed Firms’
Authentication students perspectives Value on Food Truck Performance in Industrial
Patrons’ Behaviour Products Industry

12.15 pm Courier Tracking Mechanical Properties and Addressing Governance Corporate Governance
12.00 pm Management System Practices in the Characteristics and
with Notification in Kolej Machinability of Malaysian Public Sector: Financial Performance
University Poly-Tech An Empirical Insight Evidence from Islamic
Mara Magnesium Alloy AZ31 Banks in Malaysia
and AZ91 – A Comparative
Multi-Layer Colour QR Policy Implementation of
Code Dynamic Decoder Review Advertising Licensing For
Framework with Fuzzy Optimization Of
Colour Recovery Comparison of Surface Transformational Regulated Functions In
Characteristics Between Leadership, Employees’ Makassar City, Indonesia
Dry and Flood Machining
of Polyurethane Blocks Commitment & Apparatus Development
Strategy in Civil District
Effectiveness of Abms Public Service Tallo

12.45 pm Analysis of User A Study on The Use Of An Exploratory Study of
Behavior from Landing Online Learning System Social Co-Creation And
Page in Kolej Universiti (OLEs) Among Academic Value Capture Strategy
Poly-Tech MARA Staffs In Kolej Poly-Tech
Website MARA Alor Setar

01.00 pm BREAK



Dr. Muhammad DAHLIA II Dr. Nisrin Alyani Ishak
Norhisham Abdul Rani
Moderator Promoting and Creating Dr. Muhamad Shamsul Dr. Suhaily Mohd Effectivesness of
02.00 pm Awareness towards Pusat Ibrahim Ramly School Library Service
Transit Gelandangan in North Toraja
Kuala Lumpur using Does Internet language The Contribution of Regency, Indonesia
Digital Signage Affects Academic English Human Capital, Network,
Language Writing Skills? Marketing Capability and
A Perception by Discord Entrepreneurial
App Users. Capability on The
Business Performance of
Bumiputera Online

Review on Relationship Intrinsic and Extrinsic Military Expenditure and Implementation Of
between Thinking Styles Motivation in Learning Stock Price in Selected Trash Bank Programs
and Academic Foreign Languages Countries In City of Makassar
Achievement of the among Students in Kolej (Case Study Of Trash
02.15 pm Students Universiti Poly-Tech Bank Center Of
MARA (KUPTM) Makassar)
Presentation Schedule
02.30 pm Assessing Demographic Integration of Educational Audit Committee and Online Business
Patterns of Students and Entrepreneurial Risk Information
Admission at KUPTM Insight: A Concept Disclosure: Evidence Growth and Young
Towards to Develop from Malaysia Public Online Entrepreneur’s
Human Resources Listed Companies
Dynamic Capability: A

pilot Study

Gender (male/female) Graduate On-Time: Measuring Quality of Implementation Of
classification based on Factors of Failure in Teaching in Higher Regional Regulation
Image using Residual UiTM Cawangan Johor Education Institution: Number 4 Of 2013
Neural Network (Resnet) A KUPTM Example Concerning Children
Protection System
02.45 pm (Study in Women
Empowerment Service
and Children Protection
in Sewlatan Provenien)

Pattern Recognition of The Types of Exploring Online The Role of
Facial Electromyography Instructional Aids and Shopping Issues: An Government
(FEMG) signal for Acheh Devices Used by ESL Undergraduate Endeavor Bureaucracy in
Language speech using Educators at Tertiary Creating Blissful Public
03.00 pm Naïve Bayes and Level Services
Learning Vector
Quantization (LVQ)

Layer Two Compression Preparation and Examining Teaching Development of
for Erroneous Wireless Characterisation of PANI/ Quality Using Student- Regional
Link HRP Electrode For Instructor Evaluation Competitiveness Based
Hydrogen Peroxide (SIE) in KUPTM on Local Competencies
03.15 pm Biosensor in South Sulawesi
Province, Indonesia


03.30 pm Dr. Muhammad Dr. Muhamad Dr. Suhaily Mohd Dr. Nisrin Alyani
Norhisham Abdul Shamsul Ibrahim
Ramly Ishak
Rani Experimental and Finite
Element Analysis of An Exploratory Study Software Application
Analysis of Flood Prone Mass Tuned System for On The Relationship Profiling Matrix
Areas in Nagan Raya Multi-Storey Building Between Message (Abstract)
District, Aceh Province Strategy And The
Participation Of Society
In The Context Of Mara

Filter Component Analysis of Mortality The Relationship Spreadsheet
Impact on EGS002- Reduction Factor in between Lecturer’s Modeling for Forward
based Inverter Circuit Malaysia and Backward
Performance Nonverbal Immediacy Propagation of an
03.45 pm Artificial Neural
Behavior from Networks (Abstract)
Student’s Motivation

Movement parameters The Improvement of The Malaysian General Development of Presentation Schedule
for evaluating the two- Bolted Joints Model via Condition Survey
legged humanoid robot Finite Element Model Election 14: A Survey Protocol 1 Matrix
Updating (FEMU) on The Voters’ Computer Base
04.00 pm Method System for Building
Preference and Maintenance


Distillation Equipment Finite Element The Relationship of Snapshot of Potential
Design of Nutmeg Oil Modelling and Updating Using Music in Competitiveness of
using Hybrid System of a Thin Plate Communicating Tourism Destinations
Structure using Normal Emotions and Improved in Tongke-Tongke
04.15 pm Mode Analysis Daily Communication Mangrove Forest,
Sinjai Regency,

04.30 pm Web-Based Laundry iReflect App University Students’ A survey on
Service Transaction Development Using Smartphone
Applications Mobile Application Needs and Use of The Utilization as Door
Development Life Cycle Unlocking Tool
Internet: A Study on
Students’ Dependency

on The Internet

Candlenut Shell Determining Malaysia Knowledge Sharing Comparison Method
Charcoal Yield in every Gen Z Learning style Behaviours among of Calculation Single
chamber Produced by and preferred Learning Academic Staffs of Uptake Value (SUV)
Candlenut shell Approach Kolej Universiti Poly- for Positron Emission
Carbonization Tool Tech MARA Kuala Tomography (PET)
04.45 pm using a vertical Multi Lumpur Images using Two
Chamber Different Application
Software Image


05.00 pm Dr. Muhammad Dr. Muhamad Dr. Suhaily Mohd Dr. Nisrin Alyani Ishak
Norhisham Abdul Shamsul Ibrahim
Rani The level of English
language self-efficacy Detection of Fraudulent Review on Finite Element
Web-based information among diploma Financial Reporting Modeling for prediction of
system for early students using Comparative Cutting forces and
childhood education Ratio Analysis temperature pattern
(PAUD) Citra Bunda in behaviour during the
Batee Tunggay Village, milling machining of
South Aceh commercially pure
Titanium grade 2

05.15 pm Phishing Website English beyond the Assumptions of Theory Big Five Personality
Detection with Machine classroom walls: How Z: A Tool for Managing Traits and Motivation to
Learning autonomous are our People at Work Learn Mandarin as
language learners? Foreign Language:
Preliminary Investigation
Presentation Schedule
5.30pm Investigating the
Demographic Factors
relationship towards the
Academic Performance
in Private Higher
Learning Institution



Organizer Sponsorship

Kolej Universiti Poly-Tech MARA (KUPTM) Kuala Lumpur
Tel: +603 92069700
Fax: +603 92810475

Payment Directory 013-5062807
Certificate 012-2816815
IT Technical Siti Aminah 019-3469352
General Inquiry Syatilla 019-4968695
Secretariat Rasman 013-6223184

Dr Nurisyal

[email protected]


Track 1: Advances In Computing, Electronics, Engineering & Mathematics


Advances in Computing, Electronics,
Engineering & Mathematics



Darma Setiawan Putra, Yuril Umbu Woza Weru, Fardiansyah
Politeknik Aceh Selatan, Informatics Engineering Department

Jalan Merdeka, Kompleks Reklamasi Pantai, Tapaktuan, Aceh Selatan, Indonesia
[email protected]; [email protected]; [email protected]

Fitriady, Fakhruddin
Politeknik Aceh, Industrial Electronics Engineering Department
Jalan Politeknik Aceh Gp. Pango Raya, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

[email protected]; [email protected]


Facial electromyography is myoelectric signals that formed by human facial muscles. This signal
can be acquired by attaching an electrode to the facial muscle that has been connected with an
electromyography sensor. When human say certain words, the articulation muscles contract and
facial electromyography signals appear in the muscles. This study aims to recognize patterns in
facial electromyography signals by classifying signals using naïve bayes and learning vector
quantization classifier. Feature extraction used one-dimensional discrete wavelet transforms.
Wavelet transform type used wavelet daubechies2 level 5. The transformation produces a level
5 approximation coefficient called a5 and five detail coefficients called d1, d2, d3, d4, and d5. The
result of this study show that the average classification accuracy for ho neuk jak sentence using
naïve bayes and LVQ classifier was 62.5% and 92.5% respectively. The average classification
accuracy for ja’ word using naïve bayes and LVQ classifier was 70% and 92.5% respectively. The
average classification accuracy for ja’ wo sentence using naïve bayes and LVQ classifier was
52.5% and 90% respectively. The average classification accuracy for pane word using naïve
bayes and LVQ was 70% and 90% respectively. The average classification accuracy for soe word
using naïve bayes and LVQ classifier is 85% and 95% respectively. Thus, this study shows that
when humans say the words, facial electromyography signals that appear on facial muscles
difference for each subject.

KEYWORDS: Pattern Recognition, Facial Electromyography, Aceh Language Speech, Naïve
Bayes, Learning Vector Quantization.



Nuzuli Fitriadi, Balkhaya
Mechanical Engineering of Aceh Selatan Polytechnic

Merdeka Street, Tapaktuan, South Aceh 23716
[email protected]

Edi Saputra
Mechanical Engineering of Politeknik Negeri Lhokseumawe, Lhokseumawe

[email protected]


The quality of nutmeg oil is determined by the quality of the nutmeg and the technology that are
used in the purification process of the nutmeg. For instance, the distillation process will affect the
yield and the essential quality of the production of the nutmeg oil are involving the boiler material,
cooling system, and boiler design. The existing nutmeg oil distillation system is time consuming
because the operators are highly depending on the firewood and the operators who must monitor
closely throughout the time during the nutmeg oil refining process. The new distillation process
and technique is based on the new type of boiler that is made from Stainless steel 304 with a
diameter of 70 cm, length 120 cm, and with the thickness of 3 mm. The Boiler also comes with a
new control system to precisely control the pressure and temperature. Meanwhile, the excess
pressure of the boiler is controlled by pressure safety valve because the boiler is designed to
withstand up to 3 bar maximum pressure capacity. The kettle is made of 304 Stainless steel
equipped with a multi-storey baskets to polish and to enhance the circulation and vapour pressure
inside the boiler. The condenser pipes are made from the aluminium pipe to maximise the
condensation process of the raw nutmeg oil. For the new distillation process, the hybrid system
are utilised, where the sources of firewood and electricity are used as the source of energy to
operate the boiler. It can be seen that hybrid kettle design reaches 2.8 tons with a 30% operating-
saving cost. On top of that distillation time can be shortened to 48 hours from the previous 72
hours. It is stated that this hybrid boiler system is much more effective when compared to
conventional systems. Laboratory test results stated that the distilled nutmeg oil has fulfilled the
Indonesian national standard.

KEYWORDS: Distillation, Boiler, Kettle, Nutmeg oil, Hybrid



Asmaidi1, Herliza1, S. Fahmi Junanda1, Darma Setiawan Putra1, M. M. Risky1,
T. S. Achriadi S1, Fardiansyah1, Hardisal1, and Resky Rusnanda2
1Politeknik Aceh Selatan, Informatics Engineering Department
2Politeknik Aceh Selatan, Industrial Engineering Department

Jalan Merdeka, Kompleks Reklamasi Pantai, Tapaktuan, Aceh Selatan, Indonesia
[email protected]

PAUD (Early Childhood Education) was education body that focused on laying foundation towards
growth, physical development, intelligence, creative thinking, spiritual content and
communication. PAUD Citra Bunda was in Batee Tunggay village was provided information on
the student development to parents every month. The obstacle was faced by Citra Bunda PAUD
was the unavailability of computerized data sources. The solution was used to overcome
computerized reports were by building an information system for early childhood development.
The design method applied to build the information system was adopted case diagrams with UML
(Unified Modeling Language) tool. This final project result was an information system for the
students based on PHP and MySql.
KEYWORDS: Reports, Progress, Early, Use Case, PHP and MySql.


Fardiansyah1, Cut Nurazmi1, Asmaidi1, M. Arinal Ihsan1, Darma Setiawan Putra1,

Resky Rusnanda2
1Informatics Engineering Department, Politeknik Aceh Selatan
2Industrial Engineering Department, Politeknik Aceh Selatan
Jalan Merdeka, Kompleks Reklamasi Pantai, Tapaktuan, Aceh Selatan, Indonesia

[email protected]
The development of technology, especially computer has experienced vast progress, these
advancements cannot be separated from the role of human who always continue to improve and
seek for innovation so that the technology can be applied in helping human work. In the
preparation of this thesis the author develop a transaction application using PHP as a
programming language and MySQL as a database processing to facilitate payment transactions
and to record customer data. Thus, the user can manage data efficiently and save time to recall
for further transaction.
KEYWORDS: Web–based, Application, Laundry Service Transaction



M.G. Khairuzzaman, S. Othman, R. Adnan, N. Ismail
Kolej Universiti Poly-Tech MARA

Jalan 7/91, Taman Shamelin Perkasa, 56100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
[email protected]; [email protected]; [email protected];

[email protected]
This study is to evaluate and analyze visitor behavior pattern at Kolej Universiti Poly-Tech MARA
(KUPTM) website using Google Analytics (GA) as one of the web analytic tools. Website design
and its services have become the crucial part for Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) to attract
users in visiting their website. Therefore, the use of web analytic tools can be effective solution in
measuring, analyzing and identifying the traffic sources for a website. Google tag was added to
all KUPTM’s website and the measurement periods was between May 2019 and October
2019.Results shown that number of visitors are significantly higher during the weekdays and are
affected by external stimulus. External stimulus such as promotional activities would increase
number of website visitors. The visit trends shows weekly fluctuation in the numbers. It records
high numbers of visits during the weekdays and less visitors during the weekend. The fluctuation
could be due to the number of visits were from internal users i.e. KUPTM employees and students.
The capability of Google Analytics to analyze website traffics in terms of collecting data regarding
page views, user interaction flow and visitor behaviors will benefit the organization for decision
making thus give website providers in this case KUPTM, ability to fine tune and increase the
number of relevant information or contents that are of interest to the visitors.
KEYWORDS: Web Analytics, Google Analytics, Education website, Online Marketing


Maen Alrashdan, Qusay Al-Maatouk, Sivaguru Subarmaniyan and Gam Mio Kit

Asia Pacific University of Technology and Innovation
Technology Park Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
[email protected], [email protected],

[email protected]
Phishing is a form of cyberattack that the attacker will masquerade as a trusted entity or a
legitimate company or organization that the victims might have business with or related with it and
try to deceive victims in providing their sensitive and personal data such as personally identifiable
information, financial account details, password and more through emails, websites, telephone,
or text message. Several anti-phishing techniques like whitelist or blacklist of URLs have been
implemented to reduce the phishing attacks. These techniques are now inefficient for combating
phishing as the amount of phishing sites is growing rapidly whereas the techniques used to create
the lists are unable to keep up with. Hence, a machine learning-based phishing website detection
tool is proposed to replace the blacklist technique in combating phishing. Machine learning is
applied to the system so it can have the ability to learn the provided data and improve from
experience heuristically. Through the implementation of machine learning in phishing detection
tool, it gains the ability to learn based on the provided phishing’s characteristics and make
decisions after analysing without being explicitly programmed

KEYWORDS: Phishing, Cyberattack, Machine learning, Information System



Siti Fatimah Binti Ismail, Zan Azma Nasruddin
Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences,

Universiti Teknologi MARA,
40450 Shah Alam, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
[email protected], [email protected]
Nowadays, many mobile apps have been developed covering digital contents for all sorts of
disciplines. This paper presents the development of mobile application for muslims which is a
platform for self-reflection to classify general behaviors of the ‘Mahmudah’(good behavior) and
‘Mazmumah’(bad behavior) being performed by muslims in their daily life. The application named
iReflect with aims to improve muslims daily attitudes in worship and also towards people around
them. The Mobile Application Development Life Cycle (MADLC) is employed in the development
process of the app. This app has been tested on five (5) students by using User Task Activity
Testing method. Performance of the app is measured, and the results have indicated that the app
is an effective platform for muslims to do self-reflection. Future work would be to classify more
specific good and bad behavior of muslims and display the percentage using pie chart of the
different types of behaviors, thus, the users could view their own attitudes and hopefully, the
significant of the app could be as motivation for them to practice good behavior and to avoid bad

KEYWORDS: Self-reflection, Mobile Application Development Life Cycle (MADLC), Mobile



Norkhairunnisa Mohamed Redzwan, Mujiburrahman Mohd Sanusi
Universiti Teknologi MARA, Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences, 40450 Shah

Alam, Selangor Darul Ehsan
[email protected]; [email protected]
Nurul Lawatief Omar, Izzati Zafirah Zamri and Zatul ‘Ain A’isyah Takiyuddin
Universiti Teknologi MARA, Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences,

40450 Shah Alam, Selangor Darul Ehsan
[email protected]; [email protected]; [email protected]
Mortality reduction factor is one of the important measures that can be used to describe the
mortality situation in a particular country. Mortality reduction factors are the main key to express
and forecast historic mortality movement. Overlooking in the analysis of this factor may cause
several problems such as inability to detect mortality problems which will subsequently lead to
overcharging of insurance premiums. This paper focuses on analyzing the value of mortality
reduction factors in Malaysia by using generalize linear model, and the accuracy of future mortality
rates in comparison to the Lee-Carter model. On average, the result shows that the reduction of
mortality rates for male is greater than the reduction in female. This study also found that there is
an outlier in the value of the mortality reduction factor for female ages 74 to 95. After comparing
the accuracy with Lee-Carter model, it can be summarized that the Lee-Carter model is better in
predicting future mortality rates. However, we also found that mortality reduction factor can be
benefited as a tools or measures to make an early detection of mortality problems.
KEYWORDS: Mortality, reduction factor, Lee-Carter, life expectancy


Rudi Arif Candra, Dirja Nur Ilham, Hardisal
Politeknik Aceh Selatan

Jl. Merdeka Komplek Reklamasi Pantai, Tapaktuan, Aceh, Indonesia
[email protected]
Suherman Suherman

Universitas Sumatera Utara, Department of Electrical Engineering
2 Almamater Road, Medan, Indonesia 20155
Corresponding author: [email protected]

Wireless connection such as 802.11 and cellular networks is preferred for internet connections
as its quick set up and mobility. However, radio propagations are prone to signal errors, noises
and interferences. Even more powerful modulations and coding were developed, they do not
change the nature of error sensitive in wireless link. When network link worsens, the available
bandwidth decreases. This exerts problems for the user speed requirement. This paper examines
layer two compression to maintain bandwidth requirement on decreasing link quality. The 802.11
network simulations based on Bianchi model and Shannon theory show that the compression
technique on layer two increases throughput about 10.27%, although delay increases about two
KEYWORDS: 802.11 network, compression, layer two, erroneous link



Amsar Yunan
Politeknik Aceh Selatan, Department of Computer Engineering
Merdeka Street, Komplek Reklamasi Pantai, Tapaktuan Aceh Selatan, Indonesia

[email protected]
The surface of the earth is very important to be mapped as needed with the aim of getting
information in the region. In many cases, maps or remote sensing can be interpreted as a reading
process using various sensors where data collected remotely can be analyzed to obtain
information about the object, area or phenomenon under study. Thus, mapping is very helpful in
providing information in the form of maps. Therefore, in this study the authors conducted a flood-
prone study in Nagan Raya Regency to be mapped, the choice of this research location was due
to the fact that almost every year this area always experiences flooding. Making a thematic map
of flood prone in Nagan Raya Regency was designed using the flood hazard method. Spatial data
that has been presented in the form of thematic maps as parameters are: land use maps, landform
maps, and dasarian rainfall maps (per 10 daily). Design of thematic maps that are prone to
flooding is done by overlapping (overlay process). Determination of classification by adding
scores to each parameter, with low, medium and high hazard level categories. Parameter analysis
shows the level of flood vulnerability in Nagan Raya Regency of each district, namely Beutong:
high 0.21%, medium 13.68%, low 86.12%. Seunagan District: high 51.17%, medium 48.83%, low
0%. Seunagan Timur District: high 10.07%, medium 46.18%, low 43.75%. Kuala Subdistrict: high
29.66%, medium 68.99%, low 1.35%. Darul Makmur District: high 8.57%, medium 63.37%, low
28.06%. From the overall results of the study it can be concluded that the danger of flooding in
Nagan Raya Regency with a level of vulnerability: high 9.92%, moderate 42.65% and low 47.43%.
KEYWORDS: Calamity, Flood, GIS, Overlay, Map


Dirja Nur Ilham, Rudi Arif Candra, Hardisal
Politeknik Aceh Selatan

Jl. Merdeka Komplek Reklamasi Pantai, Tapaktuan, Aceh, Indonesia
[email protected]

Erwinsyah Sipahutar
Politeknik ATI Padang
Jl. Bungo Pasang Tabing Padang, Indonesia
Abdullah Abdullah, Suherman Suherman
Universitas Sumatera Utara, Department of Electrical Engineering
2 Almamater Road, Medan, Indonesia 20155
Corresponding author: [email protected]
Many robot prototypes have been made and control algorithms have been proposed. The
performances are measured through experiments. This paper presents a two-legged robot
prototype with and without Kalman filter in processing sensor data and proposes some movement
evaluation parameters to measure the robot performances. Experiments show that the evaluated
performances are able to differentiate method achievements. Movement parameters: movement
angle, distance travelled, and failed frequency have been successfully identified robot
KEYWORDS: Humanoid robot, Two-legged robot, Kalman filter, Movement parameters




Siti Amira Othman
Department of Physics and Chemistry, Faculty of Applied Sciences and Technology, Universiti

Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 84600, Pagoh, Johor.
[email protected]

Shahidan Radiman
School of Applied Physics, Nuclear Science Program, Faculty of Science and Technology,

Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor.


Recently, conducting polymers have attracted much interest in the development of biosensor. It
contain π- electron backbone responsible for its unusual electronic properties such as electrical
conductivity, low energy optical transitions, low ionization potential and high electron affinity.
When the horseradish peroxidase (HRP) was immobilized to the conducting polymers, these
polymers possesses the ability to bind oppositely charged complex entities in their neutral
insulating state. Determination of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and other organic peroxides is of
practical importance in clinical, environmental and many other fields. This study intends to see
the role and properties of PANI/HRP layer towards H2O2 by measuring its current. Langmuir-
blodgett technique was used to form the PANI monolayer and the HRP was deposited in PANI
monolayer by using electrodeposition method. Results from Ultraviolet- Visible spectroscopy (UV-
Vis.) spectrum of PANI with and without HRP shows two sharp absorption peaks at 320 nm and
720 nm. PANI forms as nanoparticles was revealed by Variable Pressure- Scanning Electron
Microscope (VP-SEM). Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) shows the image in roughness before
and after the HRP was deposited on PANI monolayer. The current and response of H2O2 towards
PANI/HRP electrode increases demonstrating effective electrocatalytic reduction of H2O2.
PANI/HRP electrode not only act as excellent materials for rapid electron transfer but also for the
fabrication of efficient biosensors.

KEYWORDS: Horseradish Peroxidase, Polyaniline, Hydrogen Peroxide, biosensor



Louis Denis Kevin Catherine, Darulihsan Bin Abdul Hamid
Manufacturing Engineering Technology, Universiti Kuala Lumpur (MIDI)

[email protected] ; [email protected]
In Polyurethane blocks have been widely used in the automotive, aerospace industry serving as
fixtures and auxiliary tooling. They have also been extensively used in creating patterns for
composite moulds and for landscapes design models. An EDX analysis reveals the composition
of PU block to comprise of sodium, silicon, aluminum, carbon and oxygen as major constituents.
PU blocks are shaped by machining (milling & turning) to suit to the respective applications.
Machining of PU blocks lack definite and proven data in terms of Machining parameters and
conditions, and the research is ongoing in this domain. This paper discusses extensively on the
influence of coolant on the machining process of PU blocks. An experimental design is executed
on a milling machine with different levels of standard machining parameters of cutting speed, feed
rate and depth of cut combined with two different conditions of coolant namely dry cutting in which
the coolant is absent and flood cutting where in there is a continuous flow of coolant focused on
the cutting point. The responses measured here are the surface roughness and the surface
conditions – presence of craters, cracks on the surface. This study aims to determine the changes
on the initial material caused by the presence and absence of coolant. It has been observed
through designed experiments that the PU board itself due to its porosity and its chemical
composition tends to absorb the coolant causing surface changes. It has also been determined
that dry machining produces a better surface finish that the flood machined blocks.
KEYWORDS: Polyurethane board; dry machining; surface roughness; milling



Louis Denis Kevin Catherine, Darulihsan Bin Abdul Hamid
Manufacturing Engineering Technology, Universiti Kuala Lumpur (MIDI)

[email protected]; [email protected]
Titanium is in the category of hard-to-cut materials due to its unique chemical composition. The
two types of titanium most widely used for industrial applications are commercially pure titanium
grade 2 (CP2) and titanium alloy Ti6Al4V. They are extensively used in the aerospace and
automotive industry among others due to their strength to weight ratio. Titanium Ti6Al4V is much
harder as its brinell hardness number (BHN) is 334 whereas the commercially pure (CP2) titanium
grade 2 brinell hardness number (BHN) is only 130. Even though many innovations were made
in terms of cutting tools, cutting parameters and cutting conditions, industries are still facing
problems in machining titanium. In this paper, a review will be made on the various elements such
as machining parameters which includes some of the key parameters namely depth of cut, cutting
speed and feed rate. Furthermore, the types of coolant used are examined especially the usage
of cryogenic coolant that has shown some promising outcome in terms of extending the tool life,
decreasing tool failure and also improving the surface quality. In addition, another element that is
highlighted in this review paper is the cutting tool material which includes high speed steel, coated
and uncoated carbide. It is studied that titanium alloy has a very low thermal conductivity, so
during a machining process 80% of the heat generated at the cutting zone is absorbed by the
cutting tool resulting in chips sticking to the cutting tool and also producing a bad surface quality.
KEYWORDS: Commercially pure Titanium grade 2; Titanium alloy Ti6Al4V; machining parameter



Louis Denis Kevin Catherine, Darulihsan Bin Abdul Hamid
Manufacturing Engineering Technology, Universiti Kuala Lumpur (MIDI))

[email protected], [email protected]
Throughout the last decade magnesium alloys have slowly overtaken aluminum alloys, especially
in the automotive and aerospace industry. Due to its attractive weight-resistance and weight-
hardness characteristics, the global production of Magnesium alloys has grown from 360,000 tons
in 1999 to 850,000 tons in 2013. Magnesium alloys AZ91 and AZ31 are the most widely used
grades.AZ 91 exhibits a knoop’s hardness (HK) of 76.2 that is higher to the AZ31 with a 51.1 HK.
The manufacturing of AZ 91 is through a casting process whereas AZ31 is manufactured by using
an extrusion process. The microstructure of AZ31 and AZ91 are highly influenced by the heat
generated during the machining process that also affects the surface hardness due to the high
thermal conductivity of the material that range from 62 W/m.k to 96W/m.k. Both materials have a
very good machinability where milling, drilling, and turning are commonly used. However, extreme
care should be taken in terms of machining conditions as Magnesium alloy is highly flammable.
However, a safe machining process can be performed by avoiding very fine chips, magnesium
dust and also the usage of water based coolants that react with the raw material. This paper has
widely reviewed the studies that have been conducted since the evolution of magnesium alloys
in terms of machining parameters, machining consumables and their effect on the mechanical
properties, surface conditions and limitations of the various machining processes.
KEYWORDS: Magnesium alloy AZ 31 and AZ 91; mechanical properties; microstructure;


N Louis Denis Kevin Catherine, Darulihsan Bin Abdul Hamid
Manufacturing Engineering Technology, Universiti Kuala Lumpur (MIDI)
[email protected] ; [email protected]

In The finite element method (FEM) modeling and simulation has a growing attention from
researchers for a better analysis on multiple factors that occur in milling process such as cutting
forces and temperature build up. In this paper, a review on the application of FEM modelling and
simulation in the milling operation of commercially pure titanium grade 2 (CP2) is discussed. A
summary on the past work performed in the area of FEM of dynamic milling process related to
pure titanium CP2 is presented. Cutting forces and temperature analysis are among the key
elements that were constantly taken into consideration due to their impact on the surface integrity
and production cost. CP2 is also an emerging material among the automotive and aviation
industries due to its very attractive mechanical properties. The application of FEM to analyse the
milling process of CP2 is very critical as it is a hard to cut material that require both a high degree
of cutting forces and also generate a high temperature mainly because of the hardness that is
130 at the brinell hardness number (BHN).
KEYWORDS: Finite element method (FEM), cutting forces, pure titanium, simulation



Fitry Yahya, N.Suhaida Kamarudin, A.Akmal
Kolej Universiti Poly-Tech MARA

Jalan 6/91, Taman Shamelin Perkasa, 56100 Cheras, Kuala Lumpur
[email protected], [email protected], [email protected]
The main objective of this research is to attract public know the existing of Pusat Transit
Gelandangan Kuala Lumpur (PTGKL) by having their own digital signage. An interview session
and online survey also were conducted with several respondents which include the researcher
and target audience. The researcher used the qualitative method as the primary method which is
observation, interviews and an online survey. In this study, the researcher also describes the
research design, research framework, research sampling, instrumental and finally, the method of
analysing data. The researcher notified only 380 people from 40000 of the population of target
audience were understanding about PTGKL and their services through digital signage. By
introducing this digital signage to the public, the results would provide an insight in developing a
better digital signage with the element of colors, typography and images. Finding from this study
will improve the next digital signage and will educate public on awareness regarding the issue.
KEYWORDS: PTGKL, Homeless, Digital Signage, Digital Video, Video


Farah Farzana Abdul Aziz, Zahrah Yahya, Zurina Jusoh, Raznida Isa
Faculty of Computing & Multimedia
Kolej Universiti Poly-Tech MARA Kuala Lumpur
[email protected]
zahrah, zurina, [email protected]

Teaching portfolios are documented evidence of teaching materials used for teaching and
learning purposes. At the moment, lecturers in KUPTM are using physical teaching portfolio which
is led to the disorganization, accessibility and lack of security features. The main purpose of this
system is to develop and provide a secured platform which consists of four main modules for the
lecturers, verifier, system admin and quality department of Kolej Universiti Poly-Tech MARA
(KUPTM) where the lecturers can keep and store all the documents related to their teaching in
one system and the verifier can view and verify the uploaded documents. As for the system admin,
they can view the user profile and the uploaded document. For the quality department, they can
view, search and download the uploaded document. This system deals specifically with security
mechanisms in the authentication and authorization, file upload security, protection against cross-
site scripting (XSS) attacks, prevention of SQL injection and digital signature. Furthermore, the
system modeling such as use case diagram, flowchart diagram and business process model and
notation included in this report to show the process and flow of this system. Overall, it is expected
that this system will be able to store, display and manage all the documents securely.
KEYWORDS: Design, teaching portfolio, e-teaching portfolio system, security mechanisms


Herry Setiawan

Politeknik Aceh Selatan, Department of Computer Engineering
Merdeka Street, Tapaktuan, Indonesia
[email protected]

Every human being is created with a certain gender, female or male. Gender differences provide
opportunities for mating and producing offspring for regeneration. With the development of the
world of information technology, the recognition of gender based on digital photos can be done
for the needs of biodata, permission to access public toilets and others. The process of sex
classification based on photographs with the use of Residual Neural Networks has been carried
out in this study. The process consists of several stages, namely the learning process of the
features of each image that has been classified in a male or female class. The next process was
carried out by resnet classification of 3,354 pictures (jpg) of men (1414 files) and women (1940
files). The data divided into 2 parts, 80% for training, 20% for testing data. The results of total
images of 588 from total available data obtained an accuracy rate of 89.49%.
KEYWORDS: resnet34, gender, classification, deep learning


Hardisal, Rudi Arif Candra, Dirja Nur Ilham
Politeknik Aceh Selatan

Jl. Merdeka Komplek Reklamasi Pantai, Tapaktuan, Aceh, Indonesia
Dian Putra Saragi, Raja Harahap, Suherman Suherman

Universitas Sumatera Utara, Department of Electrical Engineering
2 Almamater Road, Medan, Indonesia 20155
Corresponding author: [email protected]

This paper examines filter component impact on inverter output. The inverter prototype was
designed by using pulse width modulation (PWM) signal generated by EGS002 module,
combined with DC voltage source, voltage regulator, MOSFET bridge and low pass filter. As
component assembled, the output voltage quality is determined by the choice of filter
components. Experiment shows that the calculated values may not suitable as soldering and
connection imperfection may change component values. As adjustments were performed, filter
components of 12.63 H and 6.5uf generated the finest sinusoidal output of 30.8 Vpp with
frequency of 50,05 Hz.
KEYWORDS: Inverter, EGS002 module, low pass filter, sinusoidal voltage



M.A Yunus*, M.N Abdul Rani
1 Structural Dynamics Analysis & Validation (SDAV),
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM),

40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia,
*Email: [email protected]

M. S. M. Sani
2 Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang

26600 Pekan, Pahang, Malaysia.

Z. Yahya
3Faculty of Computing and Multimedia
Kolej Universiti Poly-Tech MARA, 56100, Kuala Lumpur


The thin sheet metals which are light and formability to be formed into a desired shape in forming
the mechanical structures such as automotive and aerospace structures. In the automotive
structure, components are usually made from thin metal sheets and joined together by mechanical
joints such as spot welds, bolted joints and rivets in order to form a full assembled structure.
Understandably, the jointed structure is susceptible to local deformations during the assembly
process, particularly at the jointing areas. As a result, the deformations will alter the dynamic
behaviour of the jointed structure. Meanwhile, the mathematical model is normally calculated and
constructed on the basis of the idealisation and simplification of designs and it is essentially to
have an accurate mathematical model with the inclusion of the local effects when predicting the
dynamic behaviour of jointed structures. However, to incorporate the local effects at the mating
area of the joints such as slip, contact and pre-load in the mathematical model is very challenging
and cumbersome.

In this paper, the inclusion of the local effects at the bolted joints mating area is represented by
contact element and tested. The connector element of CFAST in MSC NASTRAN are used to
model the bolted joints. The accuracy of the proposed finite element model is compared with the
experimental counterparts. The modal based updating methods are then used to minimise the
discrepancies between the predicted and experimental results. The proposed method shows that
the discrepancies of updated finite element model of the bolted joints structure is reduced from
25.03 percent to 14.65 percent and the improvement can be seen for all first five frequencies and
together with the MAC value which is above 0.8. Therefore, the findings offer useful method for
improving the quality of predicted modal parameters, particularly in the thin-sheet metal jointed
structure subsequently the model can be used for subsequent analysis required.

KEYWORDS: Thin sheet metal; Bolted joints; Modal based Updating; Local Effects.



Ahmad Airuddin, Akmal Azmer
Kolej Universiti Poly-Tech Mara,
Jalan 6/91, Taman Shamelin Perkasa, 56100 Cheras, Kuala Lumpur
[email protected], [email protected]
In this paper, a method to measure leaf lesion area on the leaf images is presented. The method
involved hybrid two algorithms, Artificial Bee Colony algorithm and Otsu algorithm and applying
geometry to obtain the area. Three leaf images that contains leaf lesion of different sizes. The
method was conducted in three phases, data preparation, algorithm enhancement and analysis.
The proposed method was compared with others methods such as Canny, Otso, Roberts and
Sobel. The Comparison was made based accuracy and processing time. The results show that
the proposed method achieved most accurate of 96.72% and fastest average processing time of
1.76 milliseconds.
KEYWORDS: leaf lesion, area size, Artificial Bee Colony, Otsu,Geometry .



A R Bahari, M A Yunus*, M N Abdul Rani, W I I Wan Iskandar Mirza, M A S Aziz Shah
Structural Dynamics Analysis & Validation, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Universiti

Teknologi MARA (UiTM), 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
[email protected]; [email protected]; [email protected];

[email protected]; [email protected]
Structural design and analysis requires accurate and precise finite element model in order to have
a structure with high safety conditions such as aerospace, offshore and civil structures. However,
the predicted results of the finite element model are often considerably different from the
experimental results due to the modelling assumptions and simplifications on the properties and
parameters of the actual structure. This paper presents the finite element modelling and updating
methods on the thin plate structure. The modal parameters obtained from the plate are measured
by experimental modal analysis by using an impact hammer and roving accelerometers method
under free-free boundary conditions. The initial modal parameters are predicted by numerical
analysis using normal mode analysis via NASTRAN SOL 103. The accuracy of the natural
frequencies and the mode shapes obtained from the initial finite element model are compared
with the measured counterparts. The modal based updating methods using NASTRAN SOL 200
is applied to update the properties of the plate. In conclusion, updating the material properties of
the plate is successfully achieved. The total error of the initial finite element model of the plate is
reduce from 45.12 per cent to 6.28 per cent respectively.
KEYWORDS: structural design, model updating, experimental modal analysis, normal mode,
natural frequency



Noraliza Azizan, Shuhadah Othman, Al-Ikmal Rasidi,
Kolej Universiti Poly-Tech Mara,

Jalan 6/91, Taman Shamelin Perkasa, 56100 Cheras, Kuala Lumpur
noraliza, [email protected], [email protected]
Syahmi Suleiman, Iskandar Razali
Synchro Digital Sdn. Bhd

A-26-10, Jalan PBS 14/2, Taman Perindustrian Bukit Serdang, 43300, Seri Kembangan,

syahmi, [email protected]
E-wallet, also known as digital wallet, is becoming popular in use as one of payment methods
nowadays. With the emergence of security concern on Internet of Things (IoT), the use of two-
factor authentication can be seen as an extra countermeasure to protect personally identifiable
information (PII) and privileged account information. The objective of this study is to propose a
secure method to unlock E-wallet application by using NFC tag which acts as two-factor
authentication (2FA). In this study, we address the security of E-wallet by providing a two-factor
authentication and identifying some unique design requirements in terms of security protection.
We also discuss other methods of authentication including PIN number and password, graphical
password and biometric. We then propose a new approach to secure the unlocking mechanism
on E-wallet by using NFC tag.

KEYWORDS: Internet of Things, E-wallet, Two-factor authentication, Near Field



Edham Rabuan, Juanita Zainudin, Hafiza Samad, Hafiza Haron, Akmal Azmer
Faculty of Computing & Multimedia, Kolej Universiti Poly-Tech MARA
Jalan 69, Taman Shamelin Perkasa, 56100 Cheras Kuala Lumpur

[email protected]; [email protected]; [email protected];
[email protected], [email protected]
Suria Zainudin, Analina Aziz

Faculty of Management and Information Technology, Universiti Sultan Azlan Shah
Bukit Chandan, 33000 Kuala Kangsar, Negeri Perak
[email protected]; [email protected]

Kolej Universiti Poly-Tech MARA (KUPTM) highly requires a Courier Tracking Management
System in managing ingoing and outgoing parcel easily. However, tracking and managing parcel
data efficiently is very challenging. The aim of this study is to develop an efficient and economic
Courier Tracking Management System. Development of the system is using Adobe Dreamweaver
based PHP programming and Javascript. The proposed system was initially tested by users using
Unit Testing technique. The proposed system was found to be successful in increasing the
efficiency of tracking parcel at KUPTM with 85 percent.
KEYWORDS: Courier Tracking Management System, Parcel Tracking and Efficient Parcel



Asmawan Mohd Sarman, Adriana Erica Amaludin,
Elis Mardzianah Mazlan, Mohamed Farihan Mail
Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Sabah
Jalan UMS, 88400 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

[email protected]; [email protected]; [email protected]; [email protected]

The data from building inspection is typically recorded in the form of description. The data
compilation process of building inspection data is time consuming, especially during site
inspection. The process is time consuming due to the time required to describe the defect
description on site, in addition to the need to transform and analyse the descriptive data into
presentable information. To solve this problem, the existing Condition Survey Protocol (CSP) 1
Matrix has been improved, aimed at reducing the time taken to produce building inspection
reports. In this study, the CSP1 Matrix is optimized through the development of a computer
application to implement the Matrix, which automates the analysis and computation process
(usually done through manual means). This study focuses on the development of the CSP1 Matrix
computer program using Visual Basic (VB) and MySQL. Using the computer application, the end
user (i.e. surveyor) will be able to retrieve the building inspection data in a quick and precise
manner, with reduced chances of error during computation. Thus, the process of documenting
existing building defects can be made with ease, and the overall building rating based on the
CSP1 Matrix can be automatically calculated. In addition, the executive summary of the building
inspection can be generated. The developed computer application was found to be an effective
solution to implement the CSP1 Matrix in an efficient manner, which saves time, reduces
computational errors and is able to deliver a building inspection final report instantaneously after
the data processing is completed.
KEYWORDS: Condition Survey Protocol (CSP); Visual Basic (VB); MySQL; building inspection;


Nor Shamshillah Kamarzaman, Noraliza Azizan, Norhayati Abdul Jamil, Jaaz Suhaiza

Jaafar, Muhammad Hafiz Suhaimi
Kolej Universiti Poly-Tech MARA

Jalan 6/91, Taman Shamelin Perkasa, 56100 Cheras, Kuala Lumpur
shilla, noraliza, hayati, [email protected], [email protected]
Network and internet connectivity has provided major benefits to the modern society in terms of
sharing and accessing information. To date, smartphone is an essential device to connect people
wirelessly. While there are number of studies and researches made on the smartphone utilization
as a tool to unlock doors, there are still room for improvement. This research focuses on a survey
on smartphone capability as a tool to unlock a door using secured Wi-Fi connectivity. Smartphone
users can unlock the door using their registered accounts where admin is able to set the
authorization of the user to which door they can unlock. This paper performed detail analysis on
this tool and 120 questionnaires were distributed to KUPTM lecturers. The results show, 73
participants had agreed in using smartphone as a tool to unlock door. As smartphone have
become an inseparable part of our daily life, this extra feature will be an additional value to the
KEYWORDS: Smartphone, Secured access, Lock, Wi-Fi



Asbahrul Amri, Oktalia Triananda Lovita, Devi Satria Saputra, Ihsan
South Aceh Polytechnic, Department of Industrial Engineering

Jalan Merdeka – Komplek Reklamasi Pantai, Tapaktuan, Indonesia
[email protected]; [email protected]; [email protected];

[email protected]

Fitriani, Mahdi Arifan & Miki Saputra
A Student in Industrial Engineering Department, South Aceh Polytechnic

[email protected]

Candlenut shell contained organic compound, such as hemicelluloses, cellulose, and lignin which
can be converted to solid, liquid, and gaseous products by thermochemical methods. One of the
products is charcoal. One of the tool that can carbonize the candlenut shell is candlenut shell
carbonization tool using a vertical multi chamber. The tool can carbonize candlenut shell without
having any additional energy. Some variables from the tool has been identify from the previous
research, such as its maximum capacity and process time, while its charcoal yield remains
unknown. Therefore, this research is aimed to determine the charcoal yield that can be produced
by candlenut shell carbonization tool using a vertical multi chamber. Three carbonization
experiments were performed with 8 kg candlenut shell filled in every carbonization chamber (CC).
The carbonization process temperature was measured for each chamber by using a
thermocouple in order to know the effect of temperature toward charcoal yield. As the result, the
average candlenut charcoal yield that can be produced by candlenut shell carbonization tool using
a vertical multi chamber is 24.99 %. Every chamber was experiencing deferent capability in
producing charcoal. CC3 is the highest charcoal yield chamber with 31.38 % and then followed
by CC2 with 25.04 % and CC1 with 18.79 %. Based on temperature that experiencing by every
chamber, it indicates that the temperature has a significant impact on charcoal yield. When the
temperature high, the charcoal yield is low and also goes the same in contrary. Therefore,
candlenut shell carbonization tool using a vertical multi chamber has capability in producing
candlenut shell charcoal at 24.99 % yield.

KEYWORDS: Candlenut shell, Carbonization, Charcoal yield, Candlenut shell carbonization



Bakri Badawi, Teh Noranis Mohd Aris, Norwati Mustapha, Noridayu Manshor University
Putra Malaysia, Department of Computer Science Faculty of Computer Science and Information

Technology, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia [email protected],
[email protected] (corresponding author), [email protected], [email protected]

In this paper, we proposed a dynamic framework for a multi-layer colour QR code decoder. The
proposed decoder shows the general steps to decode colour QR code. The proposed decoder
framework contains a configuration setting standard that allows other researchers to refer in order
to decode their colour QR code based on the colours used in the encoder. The proposed
framework supports both types of colour QR code with colour reference or without colour
reference. The framework starts with colour QR code detection, then search for colour reference
if it exists. This is followed by fuzzy sets selection based on colour QR code type (with/ without
colour reference). Colour enhancement for the QR code is implemented based on the fuzzy set
decision. Next, is colour de-multiplexing to get black and white (B/W) QR code. The de-
multiplexing process is based on a configuration file, if the decoder is set for special QR code
colour setting. Finally, decoding and merge the results for B/W QR code to obtain the original file.
We use two datasets to evaluate our framework. The first dataset is provided by (Yang et al.,
2018). We obtained 83% success rate for detection and colour de-multiplexing. The second
dataset is based on generated colour QR code with colour reference. Our result produced 90%
decoding success rate. The experiment shows the framework can successfully work with different
types of colour QR code.
KEYWORDS: fuzzy, colour QR code, decoder, framework, colour enhancement



Masud M. A.
Nuclear Medicine Department, National Cancer Institute

No. 4, Jalan P7, Presint 7, 62250 Putrajaya
[email protected]
Siti Amira Othman

Department of Physics and Chemistry, Faculty of Applied Sciences and Technology, Universiti
Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia,

Pagoh Educational Hub, KM 1, Jalan Panchor, 84000, Pagoh, Muar, Johor
[email protected]

Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scanner is one of the major cancer imaging tools for both
diagnosis and staging. The significant parameter for PET scanner is Standard Uptake Values
(SUV). SUV is a dimensionless ratio used historically by nuclear medicine professionals to
distinguish between “normal” and “abnormal” levels of uptake. The SUV can be used as a tool to
supplement the visual interpretation for physician. However, the SUV cannot be calculated without
the vendor’s application software. So for this study, SUV calculation scheme for Positron Emission
Tomography- Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (PET-DICOM) files using matrix
laboratory (MATLAB) is created to calculate the SUV and the results are compared with the SUV
taken from the well-known application software from GE Healthcare (Xeleris Application). The
performance of the scheme is then evaluated by using the PET- DICOM files of randomly choose
KEYWORDS: PET, imaging, MATLAB, Standard Uptake Values



M A S Aziz Shah, M.A Yunus*, M.N Abdul Rani
1 Structural Dynamics Analysis & Validation (SDAV),
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM),

40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia,
*Email: [email protected]

Z. Yahya
3Faculty of Computing and Multimedia
Kolej Universiti Poly-Tech MARA, 56100, Kuala Lumpur

M. S. M. Sani
2 Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang

26600 Pekan, Pahang, Malaysia.


High-rise building is a solution to overcome land occupation problem in the high populated
countries such as Japan and Taiwan due high population. Therefore, the high-rise building is
required to minimize land usage, by building the structure upwards, instead of building the
structure out wide. However, in places where earthquakes are prone to happen such as in Japan
and Taiwan, the high-rise buildings can be risky to construct and maintain, because the vibrations
caused by the earthquake can cause severe structural integrity of the building and cause the
collapse. In addition to that, high rise building may also be affected by wind blowing, causing
discomfort to the occupants. To solve this problem, engineers added a mechanical device called
a tuned mass damper to reduce the amplitude of mechanical vibrations acting upon the building.
In this paper, a case study will be conducted on a model of a multi-storey building and how tuned
mass damper will effect on the natural frequency of the structure in comparison to the structure
that does not utilise the device of the tuned mass damper. Approaches to this case study is
included with numerical method via finite element analysis, as well as experimental method using
experimental modal analysis (EMA). It can be seen, that from experimental result, the structure
with tuned mass damper have 59% lower natural frequency compared to the one without tuned
mass damper. Therefore, buildings with tuned mass damper will have lesser vibration response
when it is excited.

KEYWORDS: Tuned mass damper, natural frequency, finite element analysis, experimental
modal analysis


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