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Published by topanasia, 2021-09-30 21:10:57

Breakthrough Grammar & Vocabulary Book 3

©PAN ASIA PUBLICATIONS

Contents





Worksheets: Grammar Worksheets: Vocabulary
1 Adjectives word order 2 Vertebrates
3 Adverbs ending in ‘-ly’ or ‘-ily’ 4 Amphibians
©PAN ASIA PUBLICATIONS
5 Sentence punctuation 6 Invertebrates
7 Sentences with an if – clause 8 Word families (1)

9 Conjunctions (1) 10 Transport
11 Definite article ‘the’ 12 Weather words
13 Direct and indirect speech 14 Labels – parts of the face
15 Modals – may, might, could 16 Numbers in words
17 Am/is/are 18 Words from Aesop’s Fables
19 Prepositions – opposites 20 Parts of the body
21 Pronouns (1) 22 Days of the week

23 Commas introduce direct speech 24 Irregular plurals
25 Some, any, no, none 26 Collective nouns – people, animals
27 Question tags 28 Collective nouns – plants, things
29 Word order 30 Word classes
31 Singular-plural verbs (has/have) 32 Occupations – suffixes
33 Present/past tense 34 Collective nouns – animate/
35 Sentence types inanimate
37 Present tense verbs 36 Job titles – what they do?
39 Past tense verbs – with two forms 38 Phrasal quantifiers

41 Subject-verb agreement (1) 40 Irregular plural nouns
43 He/she/it as subjects 42 Adverbs
45 Singular subjects/plural subjects 44 Definitions
47 Speech marks (‘ ’) (1) 46 Word families (2)
49 Prepositions 48 Spelling words ending in ‘-ing’
51 Prefixes and their meanings 50 Synonyms (1)

53 More prefixes and their meanings 52 Phonemes (1)
55 Common nouns 54 Compound words (1)
57 Adjectives – after link verbs 56 Syllables (1)
59 Adjectives ending in ‘-ing’, ‘-ed’ 58 Proper nouns – special names
61 Suffixes – smallness 60 Apostrophes – possession,
63 Suffixes forming nouns omission, plurals
65 Pronouns – this, that, these, those 62 Apostrophes – short forms
st
67 1 and 3 person (1) 64 Synonyms (2)
rd
69 Conjunctions (2) 66 Compound words (2)
Contents i




Contents Grammar&Vocab Book3.indd 1 4/19/17 12:09 PM

71 Question marks, exclamation 68 Joining words using an apostrophe
marks (1) 70 Alphabetical order (1)
73 The + a singular countable noun 72 Antonyms (1)
75 Suffixes ‘-er’, ‘-est’ 74 Antonyms and synonyms (1)
77 Singular and plural 76 Words inside words (1)
79 Writing speeches 78 Words inside words (2)
81 Reported speech 80 Common expressions (1)
83 Compound sentences and 82 Adding suffixes to words
conjunctions 84 Homophones
©PAN ASIA PUBLICATIONS
85 Some, each as pronouns 86 Finding hidden words
87 Pronouns – asking questions
89 Auxiliary verbs 88 Silent letters (1)
91 Suffixes ‘-er’, ‘-or’, ‘-ess’ 90 Homographs
93 Negatives of adjectives 92 Words with two spellings
95 Subject-verb agreement (2) 94 Foreign words
97 Problem pair of words 96 Word association (1)
99 1 and 3 person (2) 98 Syllables (2)
st
rd
101 Joining words – and, but, so, or (1) 100 Classifying words
103 Speech marks (‘ ’) (2) 102 Apostrophes (’)
105 Question marks, exclamation 104 Word attack skills
marks (2) 106 Synonyms (3)
107 Nouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs 108 Suffixes ‘-able’, ‘-ible’, ‘-uble’
109 Formation of the plural 110 Words joined together
111 Pronouns (2) 112 Alphabetical order (2)
113 Collective nouns 114 Words describing groups of people
115 Commas (,) 116 Small words within big words
117 Personal pronouns 118 Common expressions (2)
119 Joining words – and, but, so, or (2) 120 Compound words (3)
121 Giving instructions 122 Expressing yourself
123 Either, neither, each, everyone, 124 Word association (2)
none
125 Words with the same spelling 126 Words that describe groups
127 Changing singulars to plurals 128 Words that rhyme
rd
st
129 1 and 3 person (3) 130 Possessive adjectives
131 More adjectives after link verbs 132 Suffixes ‘-er’, ‘-est’
133 Contractions (1) 134 It’s, Its
135 Apostrophes (’) 136 Words inside words (3)
137 Mine, yours, his, hers, ours, theirs 138 Phonemes (2)
139 Abstract nouns 140 Silent letters (2)
141 Capital letters 142 Antonyms and synonyms (2)
143 Speech marks (‘ ’) (3) 144 Verb words
145 Present tense 146 Antonyms (2)
147 Contractions (2) 148 Pronoun words
149 Phrases 150 Homonyms

ii Contents




Contents Grammar&Vocab Book3.indd 2 4/19/17 12:09 PM

WORKSHEET Grammar - Adjectives word order Marks
Marks
1



Grammar


Notes
An adjective describes people, animals or things. They can tell us about their colour,
size and shape.
©PAN ASIA PUBLICATIONS
An adjective goes before a noun, not after it. Colour adjectives come after adjectives
of size and shape.
Example: a green mango; a hairy rambutan; big, round and red apples



Rewrite each sentence putting the adjectives in brackets in the correct
position.


1. He has a father. (rich)



2. The trees bear mangoes. (yellow huge round)




3. He gave her a rose. (well-shaped red large)



4. They live in a house. (cosy)




5. Sam is a boy. (diligent)




6. Gardening is not work. (difficult)




7. In an exam do the questions first. (easy)



8. Jane has hair. (long)




9. She bought a plant. (spreading tall green)




10. The girl blushes easily. (timid)




Grammar 1




W1_W10 Grammar&Vocab Bk3.indd 1 4/20/17 3:55 PM

WORKSHEET Vocabulary - Vertebrates Marks
2




Vocabulary


Notes
The backbone is the row of connected bones of human beings and many animals.
Animals with a backbone are called vertebrates.


Label these animals that have a backbone.








1. 6.









2. 7.





©PAN ASIA PUBLICATIONS



3. 8.








4. 9.









5. 10.









2 Vocabulary




W1_W10 Grammar&Vocab Bk3.indd 2 4/20/17 3:55 PM

WORKSHEET Grammar - Adverbs ending in Marks
Marks
3
‘-ly’ or ‘-ily’


Grammar


Notes
An adverb is a word which modifies or tells us more about a verb, an adjective or
another adverb. ‘-ly’ or ‘-ily’ make adverbs from most adjectives.
©PAN ASIA PUBLICATIONS
Examples: clear – clearly; quick – quickly
happy – happily; angry – angrily



Pick out the adverb in each sentence and write it.


1. The better team won easily.




2. She greeted us cheerfully.




3. The monkeys chatter noisily.




4. The soldiers fought bravely.





5. He smiled shyly.




6. They were neatly dressed for the party.




7. Grandma sat comfortably on the sofa.




8. She spoke angrily.





9. The hungry dogs ate greedily.




10. The cat jumped up suddenly.



Grammar 3




W1_W10 Grammar&Vocab Bk3.indd 3 4/20/17 3:56 PM

WORKSHEET Vocabulary - Amphibians Marks
4




Vocabulary


Notes
Amphibians are animals that live both on land and in water. They are vertebrates.


Label these animals that can live on land and in water.








1. 6.









2. 7.






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3. 8.









4. 9.










5. 10.









4 Vocabulary




W1_W10 Grammar&Vocab Bk3.indd 4 4/20/17 3:56 PM

WORKSHEET Grammar - Sentence punctuation Marks
Marks
5



Grammar


Notes
Punctuation marks help to make clear the meanings of sentences. Good punctuation will
improve your English ability. You use the capital letter for the beginning of a sentence
©PAN ASIA PUBLICATIONS
and a full stop to show the end of a sentence.
Examples: The water is cold.
Please listen carefully.
Come closer.


Write these sentences with the correct punctuation. Add capital letters and
full stops.


1. mum’s name is margaret



2. auntie judy lives in london




3. alex, willie and ronnie are my friends




4. nigel is a good student



5. we went for a swim in the sea




6. my cat is called pedro




7. she lives near the botanical gardens



8. my uncle, stevie, lives in perth




9. they reached the peak of mt kinabalu




10. my teacher’s name is mr green



Grammar 5




W1_W10 Grammar&Vocab Bk3.indd 5 4/20/17 3:56 PM

WORKSHEET Vocabulary - Invertebrates Marks
6




Vocabulary


Notes
Animals without a backbone are called invertebrates.


Label these invertebrates.








1. 6.









2. 7.






©PAN ASIA PUBLICATIONS


3. 8.









4. 9.










5. 10.









6 Vocabulary




W1_W10 Grammar&Vocab Bk3.indd 6 4/20/17 3:56 PM

WORKSHEET Grammar - Sentences with an Marks
Marks
7
if – clause


Grammar


Notes
We use an if clause to talk about something that may take place in the future.
Examples: If you need my help, I will give it to you.
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Give this to Pauline, if you see her.


Match the two parts to make conditional sentences.


1. We will be on time, if he calls.




2. You will lose weight if she invites us.




3. I will tell him the wet clothes will dry soon.




4. I’ll stay at home he will say yes.




5. We will go to her party if the bus arrives now.




6. If the sun shines brightly I will greet her.




7. If it is too late, if you exercise.




8. If I see her, if it rains.





9. If I ask him, it will be cheaper.




10. If you travel by train, we will not play football.






Grammar 7




W1_W10 Grammar&Vocab Bk3.indd 7 4/20/17 3:56 PM

WORKSHEET Vocabulary - Word families (1) Marks
8




Vocabulary


Notes
Recognising word families can help you in your spelling ability.
Examples: chimp, shrimp, blimp
8. ©PAN ASIA PUBLICATIONS
queen, screen, teen


Put these words in their word families.


squeeze grown spine shrill shark loos
glass flint class steam stark breeze
cream frown thing sneeze bill bring

glint ring gown shrine scream sprint
woos zoos till dark brass brine



1.



2.



3.



4.



5.



6.



7.








9.



10.


8 Vocabulary




W1_W10 Grammar&Vocab Bk3.indd 8 4/20/17 3:56 PM

WORKSHEET Grammar - Conjunctions (1) Marks
Marks
9



Grammar


Notes
Conjunctions are words you use when you join two words or two short sentences
together.
©PAN ASIA PUBLICATIONS
Examples: I did not come because it rained.
When she spoke, there was silence.
She was tired so she went to bed.


Underline the conjunction in each sentence and write it.


1. Mary or Jane will have to speak next.




2. Birds fly and fish swim.




3. Debra has short and curly hair.




4. The bell rang before I reached the school.




5. Jeremy likes durian but Sonia hates it.



6. He took an umbrella along in case it rained.




7. She switched on the light when it was dark.




8. Nigel was eleven when Aaron was born.




9. She could wear a blouse or she could wear a shirt.




10. They went to bed because it was late.





Grammar 9




W1_W10 Grammar&Vocab Bk3.indd 9 4/20/17 3:56 PM

WORKSHEET Vocabulary - Transport Marks
10




Vocabulary


Notes
Any vehicle you can travel in or carry goods in is a transport.
Examples: bus; horse


Label these pictures of transport.







1. 6.









2. 7.





©PAN ASIA PUBLICATIONS



3. 8.









4. 9.









5. 10.









10 Vocabulary




W1_W10 Grammar&Vocab Bk3.indd 10 4/20/17 3:56 PM

Answers





1 12
1. He has a rich father. 1. haze 2. hail 3. wind 4. mist
2. The trees bear huge, round and yellow mangoes. 5. rain 6. cyclone 7. typhoon 8. monsoon
3. He gave her a large, well-shaped and red rose. 9. sunshine 10. thunderstorm
4. They live in a cosy house.
5. Sam is a diligent boy. 13
6. Gardening is not difficult work. 1. her 2. us 3. wanted 4. is 5. was
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7. In an exam do the easy questions first. 6. rises 7. was 8. didn’t 9. were 10. you
8. Jane has long hair. 14
9. She bought a tall, spreading, green plant.
10. The timid girl blushes easily. 1. hair 2. eye 3. ear 4. nose
5. nostril 6. lip 7. teeth 8. chin
2 9. neck 10. mouth 11. jaw 12. cheek
1. man 2. orang utan 3. bat 4. ostrich 13. eyelid 14. eyebrow 15. forehead
5. elephant 6. hen 7. panda 8. cat 15
9. penguin 10. mynah
1. be 2. be 3. know 4. gone 5. working
3 6. go 7. go 8. sleeping 9. be 10. call
1. easily 2. cheerfully 3. noisily 4. bravely 16
5. shyly 6. neatly 7. comfortably 8. angrily
9. greedily 10. suddenly 1. eleven 2. twelve 3. thirteen 4. fourteen
5. fifteen 6. sixteen 7. seventeen 8. eighteen
4 9. nineteen 10. twenty
1. frog 2. turtle 3. alligator 4. eel 17
5. seal 6. beaver 7. toad 8. newt
9. iguana 10. walrus 1. am 2. are 3. is 4. is 5. is
6. is 7. is 8. are 9. are 10. are
5 11. Am 12. Are 13. Is 14. Is 15. Is
1. Mum’s name is Margaret. 16. Is 17. Is 18. Are 19. Are 20. Are
2. Auntie Judy lives in London. 18
3. Alex, Willie and Ronnie are my friends.
4. Nigel is a good student. 1. hare 2. grapes 3. shadow 4. sons 5. axe
5. We went for a swim in the sea. 6. clothing 7. well 8. axle 9. mouse 10. ant
6. My cat is called Pedro. 19
7. She lives near the Botanical Gardens. 1. below 2. off 3. outside 4. to 5. out
8. My uncle, Stevie, lives in Perth. 6. under 7. out of 8. up 9. before 10. without
9. They reached the peak of Mt Kinabalu.
10. My teacher’s name is Mr. Green. 20
6 1. shoulder 2. chest 3. wrist 4. thumb 5. thigh
1. worms 2. bee 3. crab 6. toes 7. heel 8. foot 9. hand 10. skin
4. fly 5. jellyfish 6. snail 21
7. grasshopper 8. clam 9. crayfish 1. They 2. she 3. They 4. her 5. she
10. butterfly 6. I 7. you 8. I 9. I 10. you
7 11. them 12. your 13. they 14. she 15. them
1. (e) 2. (h) 3. (a) 4. (g) 5. (b) 16. you 17. she 18. They 19. one 20. one
6. (c) 7. (j) 8. (f) 9. (d) 10. (i) 22
8 1. seven 2. before 3. week 4. Monday
1. spine, shrine, brine 2. squeeze, sneeze, breeze 5. Sunday 6. Saturday 7. Tuesday 8. Wednesday
3. cream, steam, scream 4. ring, thing, bring 9. Friday 10. Thursday
5. till, bill, shrill 6. glint, flint, sprint 23
7. glass, brass, class 8. dark, shark, stark 1. He asked, … 2. She said, …
9. grown, gown, frown 10. woos, zoos, loos 3. The man replied, … 4. ...the reason,’ …
9 5. …like this,’ she said, … 6. ‘If she comes,’ he said, …
8. ‘Let’s ask him again,’…
1. or 2. and 3. and 4. before 5. but 7. ‘I suspect,’ said Mary, … 10. …you’re happy,’ he said, …
9. ‘O,’ she said, …
6. in case 7. when 8. when 9. or 10. because
24
10
1. aeroplane 2. boat 3. caravan 4. car 1. children 2. men 3. lice 4. bases
5. cart 6. horse 7. jeep 8. spaceship 5. mice 6. teeth 7. oxen 8. diagnoses
9. trishaw 10. truck 9. feet 10. crises 11. geese 12. people
13. radii 14. indices 15. appendices
11 25
1. This is the book… 2. This is the best… 1. any 2. any 3. some 4. some 5. any
3. P. Ramlee was the finest… 4. She was the cleverest… 6. No 7. None 8. no 9. any, no 10. None
5. His work is of the highest… 6. They visited the Genting…
7. …we have the monsoon. 8. Only the rich… 26
9. …to the Straits Times. 10. …in the list. 1. staff 2. tribe 3. choir 4. colony
5. cortege 6. nest 7. army 8. catch
Answers 151




Ans Grammar&Vocab Bk3.indd 151 4/10/17 6:21 PM

9. flock 10. drove 11. dynasty 12. class 38
13. committee 14. crew 15. host 16. herd 1. cloth 2. salt 3. sugar 4. cake
17. gaggle 18. hive 19. litter 20. school
5. oil 6. water 7. jeans 8. soldiers
27 9. thieves 10. workers 11. birds 12. grapes
1. …isn’t it? 2. …didn’t he? 3. …will it? 13. lions 14. fire 15. smoke 16. satay
4. …won’t she? 5. …wasn’t there? 6. …do they? 17. hair 18. clay 19. notes 20. tissues
7. …isn’t it? 8. …are you? 9. …don’t you? 39
10. …am I not? 1. wetted 2. spoiled 3. spilled
28 4. smelled 5. speeded 6. burned
1. books 2. cars 3. titles 4. cards 7. busted 8. lied 9. dwelled
5. bells 6. pictures 7. eggs 8. stars 10. fitted 11. hanged 12. kneeled
9. stairs 10. islands 11. flowers 12. dirt 13. leaned 14. leaped 15. lighted
13. bananas 14. trees 15. bushes 16. corn 16. relayed 17. waked 18. weaved
17. hay 18. grass 19. cotton 20. fruit 40
29 1. people 2. geese 3. aquaria 4. feet
1. Snakes eat rats. 5. oxen 6. teeth 7. criteria 8. bases
2. Her name is Jane. 9. strata 10. men 11. diagnoses 12. crises
3. Mrs Chia is a good teacher. 13. vortices 14. radii 15. foci 16. indices
4. The rose is a beautiful flower. 17. appendices 18. women 19. lice 20. larvae
5. Football is a popular game. 41
6. The early bird catches the worm. 1. pray 2. think 3. wants 4. come 5. creeps
7. Smoking is bad for you. 6. is 7. are 8. grow 9. are 10. are
8. The weather was very bad.
9. My dog is named, Jeanie. 42
10. Willie and Bibiana live in Kuching. 1. nervously-looked 2. very-good
30 3. too-quickly 4. immediately-called
1. poetry 2. pan 3. auntie 4. hare 5. truly-sorry 6. angrily-shouted
8. honestly-spoke
7. too-slowly
5. scone 6. milk 7. mason 8. whale 9. quickly-did 10. normal-lose
9. cake 10. okra
43
31
1. has got/has 2. ’ve/have got 3. Have/Have-got 1. slips 2. solves 3. reaches 4. lives
8. drinks
7. matches
5. runs
6. lies
4. have/have got 5. Have-got/have 6. has got/has 9. reads 10. catches 11. stands 12. fixes
7. had 8. Had 9. Have/Have-got 13. cooks 14. swims 15. misses 16. makes
10. had 17. wishes 18. says 19. rolls 20. puts
32 44
1. -ain 2. -ette 3. -ive 4. -ic 1. breakfast 2. submarine 3. century 4. recluse
5. -an ©PAN ASIA PUBLICATIONS
6. -lady
8. -ey
7. -euse
8. thirteen
5. thermometer
7. gills
6. hibiscus
9. -eer 10. -ate 11. -al 12. -er 9. atmosphere 10. hangar
13. -master 14. -eur 15. -ian 16. -ier
17. -herd 18. -ess 19. -ete 20. -ant 45
21. -ent 22. -lord 23. -man 24. -mistress 1. is 2. is 3. are 4. have 5. is
25. -ary 26. -ist 27. -maid 28. -enne 6. live 7. catch 8. is 9. is 10. is
29. -ice 30. -ee
46
33 1. dwelling, spelling, telling
1. met 2. cooked 3. were 4. went 5. stopped 2. noon, spoon, soon
6. exercise 7. pray 8. is 9. feed 10. breed 3. fat, brat, rat
34 4. broadcast, overcast, telecast
1. army 2. band 3. bevy 4. brood 5. yeast, feast, least
6. flesh, mesh, fresh
5. class 6. drove 7. flight 8. plague 7. buck, luck, duck
9. party 10. string 11. bouquet 12. catalogue 8. cook, book, look
13. chest 14. clump 15. crate 16. hand 9. biology, radiology, archaeology
17. library 18. pack 19. set 20. suit
10. breakaway, flyaway, takeaway
35 47
1. Question 2. Command 1. ‘Please buy me a pen,’ Mary said.
3. Exclamation 4. Command 2. Lena asked, ‘Who will sing next?’
5. Positive statement 6. Exclamation 3. ‘I’m going home now,’ Helen said.
7. Request 8. Question 4. ‘Do not make so much noise,’ he said.
9. Positive statement 10. Question 5. ‘You’re absent yesterday,’ said Mr Green.
36 6. ‘May I leave now?’John asked.
1. cadet 2. astrologer 3. midwife 4. chauffeur 7. She exclaimed, ‘Oh, what a beautiful day!’
5. grocer 6. auctioneer 7. pedlar 8. curator 8. John asked, ‘Is your sister in?’
9. pawnbroker 10. astronomer 9. ‘I’m a new painter,’ he said.
10. James asked, ‘What’s that?’
37
1. lives (present time) 2. play (habitual) 48
3. write (instructions) 4. am (senses) 1. jogging 2. baking 3. humming 4. hiking
5. breed (fact) 6. hates (fact) 5. hating 6. swimming 7. caning 8. batting
7. hurt (feelings) 8. put (instructions) 9. dating 10. winning 11. hiring 12. hitting
9. phones (habitual) 10. go (habitual) 13. clapping 14. hiding 15. spinning 16. naming
17. slipping 18. making 19. planning 20. dining
152 Answers
Ans Grammar&Vocab Bk3.indd 152 4/10/17 6:21 PM

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