VOL 592 |2022
new step in Indonesian paradise
IFninddonoeustiaabout Sugeng rawuh
in Indonesia Jember Fashion
General Manager / Chief Editor
Michelle Gita Christyanti
Person in Charge
Ni Putu Eka Laksmitha Devi
Mitchell Christ Nova
John Callum Hook
This edition published 2022
new step in Indonesian paradise land
Hi guys! Greetings from us for the first issue of ‘PAIND’
magazine. We, the editors of ‘PAIND’ magazine, would like
to thank God Almighty for his permission to publish a mag-
azine for young people. Even though PAIND is not the only
youth magazine, PAIND is optimistic that it will get a place in
the hearts of traveling youth magazine lovers with the tagline
New Step in Indonesian Paradise Land.
Why New Step in Indonesian Paradise Land? Because PAIND
will be a magazine that reviews all things traveling in Indone-
sia, provides tips or information, interesting things that might
not be known, using language that is easy to understand and
packaged in a modern style.
Finally, we hope readers are interested in the review of the
PAIND magazine rubric. We all the editors apologize if there is
a word error.
Are You Ready? Happy Reading,
22 “Sugeng Rawuh” to jawa
28-30 Baluran National Park
31-32 Ijen Crater
33-34 Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park
01-02 Find out about Indonesia
03 Weather, Climate & Seasons
04 People and culture
07-10 Currency & credit card
11-16 Heading to Indonesia
17-21 Indonesia Visa
59-62 Labuan Bajo
63-64 7 Fun Travel Facts
65-66 Travel Tips For Beginner
67-68 Staying Stylish While Traveling
69-71 Raja Ampat
73-73 Baliem Valley
49-50 Bali & Nusa Tenggara
57-58 Lombok Island
© Su San Lee
Over 17,000 islands spreading between the pacific and Indian Ocean; More than 200
ethnic groups with over 300 spoken languages bridging the continents of Asia and
Australia; a multitude of amazing landscapes and biodiversity stretching along the
equator line; this is Indonesia, a land of endless spectacular wonders!
As the largest archipelagic country in the world, Indonesia is blessed with so many
different people, cultures, customs, traditions, artworks, food, animals, plants, land-
scapes, and everything that made it almost like 100 (or even 200) countries melted
beautifully into one. Every island here is a unique mixture of natural splendors and
different cultures of people who live upon it; from the vibrant tourists’ paradises of
Bali and Lombok to the mysteriously shrouded cultures of the Asmat in Papua and
those who dwell the highlands of Toraja in South Sulawesi.
Situated at the heart of the world’s precious coral triangle and along the Ring of
Fire, Indonesia’s countless wonders stretches from mountain tops all the way to the
bottom of its vast seas. Along the diverse landscapes, various unique wildlife made
the archipelago their only natural habitat including the legendary Komodo Dragons,
the gentle giant Orangutan, the majestic Cendrawasih Bird of Paradise, and so much
more. Beyond the surface of the sea, Indonesia’s extensive coral reef is regarded as
the richest and most diverse in the world; simply the ultimate paradise for divers and
With rich history that dates back for centuries, Indonesia also holds some of the
most fascinating monuments of human civilization. Among these is the imposing
Borobudur Temple in Magelang, Central Java which the largest Buddhist monument
that still stood majestically today with all its spectacular features. Equally fascinating
is the Prambanan Temple Compounds which is one of the biggest in Southeast Asia.
The ever-intriguing, ever-intoxicating land holds some of the greatest adventures
you will ever experience on the face of the earth. With all its abundance splendors, it
would take a lifetime to explore all the wonders of the archipelago, and still left you
craving for more. As the country of the ultimate in Diversity, there’s sure everything
for everyone here.
Weather, Climate &
© Dikaseva© Bangkit Ristant The climate of Indonesia is almost entirely tropical. The uniform-
ly warm waters that make up 81% of Indonesia’s area ensures
03 that temperatures on land remain fairly constant, with the coastal
plains averaging 28 °C, the inland and mountain areas averag-
ing 26 °C, and the higher mountain regions, 23 °C. Temperature
varies little from season to season, and Indonesia experiences
relatively little change in the length of daylight hours from one
season to the next.
The main variable of Indonesia’s climate is not temperature or
air pressure, but rainfall. The area’s relative humidity ranges be-
tween 70% and 90%. Being a tropical country, Indonesia does
not have spring, summer, autumn, or winter, instead of just the
two seasons of Rainy and Dry, both of which are relative. While
there is significant regional variation, in most of the country (in-
cluding Java and Bali) the dry season is April to October, while
the wet season is November to March. However, global warming
has made the seasons less predictable.
People and culture
Ethnic Differences in Indonesia © Asso Myron
Before we get into anything further, this is an important
disclaimer. ‘Indonesia’ is a singular term that names a par-
ticular nation, but there’s nothing uniform about its culture.
There are at least 300 ethnic groups in Indonesia, each with
their own set of customs and distinctive cultural objects.
That doesn’t mean there aren’t any similarities or tenden-
cies between one culture to the other, but when reading this
phrase keep in mind the diversity that comes with it. Often
what considered as Indonesia’s culture is in fact an image
of a dominant one or reflects an amalgamation of certain
Living on more than 13,400 islands, Indonesian nation today Dominant Religion
counts some 200 million population comprising over 200
ethnic groups with their own languages and dialects that
range in population from the Javanese (about 70 million) and
Sundanese (about 30 million) on Java to peoples number-
ing in the thousands on remote islands. After gaining Inde-
pendence in 1945, inter-marriages among people of different
ethnic groups have welded the population into a more cohe-
sive Indonesian nation.
Indonesia’s diversity extends to the variety of belief sys-
tems as well. Many communities still live traditionally and
still uphold the religions and practices of their ancestors,
often unique to the locality. But to categorize, many belief
systems draw from animism, dynamism, and totemism. The
majority of the population is Muslim, while in Bali the Hindu
religion is predominant. Whereas in areas like the Minahasa
in North Sulawesi, the Toraja highlands in South Sulawesi,
in the East Nusatenggara islands and in large parts of Pap-
ua, in the Batak highlands as well as on Nias island in North
Sumatra, the majority are either Catholics or Protestants.
© Polina Kuzovkov On the whole, Indonesian people are religious in nature.
And, true to the Pancasila, the five principles of nationhood,
- namely Belief in the One and Only God, a Just and Civilized
Humanity, the Unity of Indonesia,
Indonesian Main Do people speak or
Language understand English ?
There are an estimated 700 languages used in English is not widely spoken, however,
Indonesia, most of which are Austronesian lan- an acceptable level of English can be
guages. The de jure official language in Indone- understood in a number of major cities
sia is the Indonesian language as indicated in and tourists’ destinations including Bali,
the Indonesian Constitution. The language is the Batam, Jakarta, Bandung, Surabaya, and
most widely used language in the country and is Yogyakarta. Moreover, most hotel and
used in all formal communication particularly in airline staff can also communicate in
media, administration, and commerce. Howev- English on a basic to moderate level.
er, there are the other main languages used in
the country such as Javanese and Sundanese
which have millions of native speakers.
Bahasa Indonesia is the national and official
language of Indonesia and is used in the entire
country. It is the language of official communica-
tion, taught in schools and used for broadcast in
electronic and digital media. Most Indonesians
also have their own ethnic language and dialect,
with the most widely spoken being Javanese and
Sundanese. Some ethnic Chinese communities
continue to speak various Chinese dialects, most
notably Hokkien in Medan and Teochew in Pon-
Indonesian pronunciation is relatively easy to
master. Each letter always represents the same
sound and most letters are pronounced the same
as their English counterparts.
Good Morning = Selamat Pagi
Good Day = Selamat Siang
Good Afternoon = Selamat Sore
Good Evening/Good Night = Selamat Malam
Goodbye = Selamat Tinggal
How are you? = Apa Kabar
I’m Fine/Good/Great = Baik-baik (as an answer to Apa Kabar)
Excuse me = Permisi
Sorry = Maaf
Please = Silahkan
Help! = Tolong!
Thank You = Terima Kasih
You’re Welcome = Terima kasih Kembali
Yes = Ya
Tidak = No
Mr/Sir = Bapak
Ms/Ms/Madam = Ibu
Miss = Nona
How much/many = Berapa
How much is it (price)? = Berapa Harganya?
Where is… = Dimana….
How to get There = bagaimana caranya kesana?
I want… = Saya Mau…
I don’t want… = Saya Tidak Mau…..
Typical Daily Conversations
Currency in Indonesia The largest banknote is Rp 100,000,
which may only about US$10 but is
The official currency of Indonesia is Rupi- still inconveniently large for most
ah which is Issued and controlled by the purchases. Next in the series are Rp
Bank of Indonesia. The currency code for 50,000, Rp 20,000, Rp 10,000, Rp
Rupiahs is IDR, and the currency symbol 5,000, Rp 2,000 and finally Rp 1,000.
is Rp. By law, all transactions are required Bill size is the easiest way to distin-
to be conducted in rupiah, and informa- guish them, as the designs — all pale
tion on the daily exchange rate can be pastel shades of yellow, green and
found in newspapers or from the internet brown — are confusingly similar and
and online apps. Credit cards are widely the smaller bills in particular are often
accepted in hotels, large restaurants, and filthy and mangled.
Indonesian banknotes come in denomi-
nations of IDR1000, IDR2000, IDR5000,
IDR10000, IDR20000, IDR50000, and
IDR100000. Coins in circulation include
IDR1000, IDR500, IDR200, IDR100, and
A place to buy and exchange currencies
You can exchange foreign currency in major cities throughout the archi-
pelago at banks and money changers. Most tourists’ resorts have money
changer facilities; however, if you are traveling to more remote areas it is
advisable to exchange your money beforehand. If you need a large amount
of foreign currency, and you don’t have a foreign currency account at your
bank, it is best to order the money the day before. Local banks keep a lim-
ited amount of foreign currency in their smaller branches.
ATM © Pexels Liliana
ATMs on the international Plus/Cirrus or
Alto networks are common in all major
Indonesian cities and tourist destina-
tions. Limitation withdrawal is depending
on your respective home bank. Machines
are loaded with IDR50,000 denomina-
tion notes or IDR100,000 denomination
notes, as indicated on the machine; how-
ever keep in mind that the bigger notes
can be harder to split, especially in rural
non-tourist areas. It is also best to with-
draw some money from an ATM in major
cities before venturing onto more seclud-
ed destinations.The three types of atm
are, Cash Withdrawal ATM, Cashless
ATM, ATM Deposit and Cash Withdraw
Credit or Debit Cards
Most international credit card networks
are acceptable in Indonesia’s major cities
and tourist hotspots like Jakarta, Bandung,
Bali, Surabaya, Medan, Yogyakarta, etc.
Cards such as JCB (Japan Credit Bureau) How Much Cash
is acceptable in Indonesia because it is Can I Bring?
affiliated with some of Indonesia’s major
well-known bank such as BNI (Bank Neg- Although credit, debit and prepaid cards
ara Indonesia), CIMB Niaga, Mandiri, BRI of well-known brands are generally ac-
(Bank Rakyat Indonesia). While American cepted in the major cities, carrying rupiah
Express (Amex) is also acceptable howev- in a sufficient amount at hand is highly
er Amex has fewer affiliated local banks in advisable. Especially when traveling to
Indonesia. Bank Danamon is currently one smaller towns and remote areas, it would
of the local banks affiliated with Amex. The probably be quite a problem finding
most widely accepted card in all merchants ATMs around and local stores could only
in Indonesia is Visa and Mastercard. accept cash.
There will be instances where stores may The amount of cash allowed into Indone-
not display the symbols of the cards they sia or taking it outside the country is in
accept. Be sure to check with the salesper- the amount of IDR100,000,000.00 (one
son in the store prior to using your card if hundred million rupiahs) or other curren-
your card is acceptable or not. cy equivalent to this amount. More than
this amount, then travelers must declare
it to Indonesian Customs.
shorturl.at/giqAV ATM’s are widespread throughout Indone-
sia’s major cities. Cards with Cirrus, Mae-
Which ATMs Could I stro, Plus network seems to be the most
Withdraw Cash From? prevalent card accepted and could with-
draw cash nationwide in most of Indone-
sia’s major bank ATMs. Cirrus and Mae-
stro logo are associated with Mastercard,
while Plus is associated with Visa. Be sure
to check if the Cirrus, Maestro or Plus logo
is displayed in the ATM machine prior to
inserting your card.
JCB cardholder could withdraw cash in
Indonesia’s affiliated banks such as BNI
(Bank Negara Indonesia), CIMB Niaga,
Mandiri, BRI (Bank Rakyat Indonesia). Be
sure to check if the JCB or Cirrus Logo
is displayed in the ATMs. While American
Express cardholders could use the facility
of express cash and withdraw cash from
Danamon Bank ATMs throughout Indone-
Although it is practical to carry credit or
debit cards around for your traveling plea-
sure, when traveling to remote areas and
visiting local or traditional markets, it is
highly wise and preferable to have some
small change at hand for purchasing pur-
poses. This way you are set to have a
smooth and fun vacation in Indonesia.
11 © Pexels Tove liu
The easiest way to go to There are also short flights from Indone-
Indonesia by air sian cities to nearby Malaysian cities, such
as from Pontianak to Kuching, Tarakan to
The principal gateways for entry to Indo- Tawau, and Pekanbaru to Malacca.
nesia are Soekarno-Hatta International
Airport in Tangerang (just at the outskirt Garuda Indonesia, the flag carrier of
of Jakarta) and Bali’s Ngurah Rai Inter- Indonesia, serves flights to several cit-
national Airport. Both have undergone ies in Southeast Asia, East Asia, Aus-
massive expansion and are now equipped tralia, Saudi Arabia, Amsterdam, and
with the latest and most convenient facil- London. The airline also has extensive
ities. Other Airports that also serve inter- code-sharing agreements (Sky Team)
national flights include Juanda Airport in and this assists in providing good flight
Surabaya, Hasanudin Airport in Makassar, frequencies from airports in countries
and Kuala Namu in Medan. The recently near Indonesia.
established West Java International Air-
port in Majalengka, West Java Province Other international airlines that serve
about 68Km from Bandung also serves to and from Indonesia include AirAsia.
numerous international flights Cathay Pacific Airways, China Airlines,
Emirates, Eva Air, Firefy, Japan Airlines,
Travel to Indonesia from the Americas can KLM, Korean Air, Lion Air, Lufthansa,
take as little as 20 hours and requires at Malaysia Airlines, and Qantas/Jetstar
least a transit in East Asia, Europe or the Airways.
Middle East. Travel from most of Europe
will take less than 20 hours. While there Source: shorturl.at/nvH16
are direct flights to Jakarta from Amster-
dam, London and Istanbul, for other cit-
ies a transit is required. Australia, though,
is just 4–7 hours away. There are several
flights from various cities in the Middle
East to Indonesia.
The best route available by sea
photo by shutterstock
Water transportation is extremely important in a large archipelago such as In-
donesia. Among hundreds of ports with various capacity and service, the four
largest ports are Jakarta, Surabaya, Belawan and Ujung Pandang. Ferries con-
nect Indonesia with the neighboring countries of Singapore, Malaysia, and the
Philippines.Most connections are between ports in Sumatra and Riau Islands
Province and those in Singapore and Peninsular Malaysia.
The close proximity between Batam Island and Bintan Island in Riau Islands
Province to Singapore and Malaysia has made the twin-island the third and
fourth main entrance to the country. There is also a ferry service between Ma-
laysia’s Sabah state and East Kalimantan. Onward boat connections to Jakarta
and other Indonesian islands are available from these ports. Meanwhile, Roll
On Roll Off (RoRo) ships connect General Santos and Davao in the Philippines
with Bitung, in North Sulawesi.
Frequent ferries connect Singapore to various
ports in Batam, as well as Tanjung Pinang and
Bandar Bintan Telani Lagoi (Bintan Resorts) in
Bintan. There are also daily ferries that connect
Singapore with Tanjung Balai on Karimun Is-
land. In Peninsular Malaysia, daily and frequent
ferries depart from various ports including Jo-
hor Bahru and Port Kland Near Kuala Lumpur to
Batam, Bintan, Tanjung Balai, as well as Dumai
and Pekanbaru in Riau Province, and Tanjung
Balai Asahan in North Sumatra.
Cruise Ships and Yachts
One of the contributing factors to this growth
is the increased cruise ships visits and traffics.
Indonesia has been one of the favorite destina-
tions for cruise ships, with Bali ranks number
one on the most popular destinations within
the country. Meanwhile, Indonesia ranks 7th on
the most visited destinations by cruise ships. In
2018, it is estimated 465 cruise visit calling Indo-
nesia ports carrying 276,681 passengers. Com-
pared to the previous year, this number has in-
creased by around 31%.
Cruise ships call at 5 ports: Tanjung Priok © Kevin Yudhistira Allon
(North Jakarta), Tanjung Perak (Surabaya), Be-
lawan (near Medan), Makassar and Tanjung Furthermore, the Clearance and Approval
Benoa (Bali). There are 24 schedules of regular for Indonesian Territory (CAIT) policy has
cruise ships from Singapore, visiting Java and been abolished, which means that yach-
Bali, whereas irregular schedule cruise ships
visiting Bali and Nusa Tenggara. You may take ters can now register online via
a cruise and stop at specific locations along the
way with everyone else, in which case Immi- http://yachters-indonesia.id
gration will be handled on your ship. It may be
possible to end your cruise here, in which case
you’ll need to visit an Immigration off ce after
Committed to making it easier for yachters and
cruise ships to enter the waters, the Indonesian
government has implemented a number of pol-
icies that simplify procedures. These include
the waiver of cabotage so that cruise ships are
able to embark and disembark passengers at
the appointed ports. The government has also
eased the CIQP (customs, immigration, quar-
antine, and port authorities) procedures and
simplified the sailing permit application from
one month to just one day.
How to arrange a land trip if you
are in a border area
Indonesia shares land borders with three countries: Timor Leste in Timor Island, Malaysia
in Borneo, and Papua New Guinea in Papua. From Timor Leste, The border crossing to
Indonesia is located at the town of Atambua with the main border post of Mota’ain. In At-
ambua, there are also the border posts of Matamauk and Napan.
From Malaysia, Regular buses between
Kuching (Sarawak, eastern Malaysia)
and Pontianak (West Kalimantan) pass
through the border post at Entikong. The
Aruk Border Post in Sambas Regency,
connect West Kalimantan Province in In-
donesia to Sarawak, Malaysia. The Nan-
ga Badau Sanggau Border Post also con-
nects West Kalimantan and the State of
Sarawak in Malaysia.
The only land crossing that connects the
Indonesian province of Papua and Papua
New Guinea is the Skouw Border Post sit-
uated at Muaratami District which is about
60Km from Jayapura, the capital city of
Your passport must be valid for at least
six months from your date of arrival or
you may be denied admission. If arriv- © Hasse Lossiu
ing on a tourist visa, you must also show
proof of onward journey in the form of a
return or through ticket. If you want to
stay in Indonesia as a tourist for more than 30 days, you can apply for a 60-day tourist visa
at your nearest Indonesian Embassy before travelling. There are also 6 month socia / busi-
ness visas available.
In order to provide ease of access, the Indonesian
Ministry of Law and Human Rights has developed an
electronic visa (e-Visa) application system. This e-Vi-
sa aims to facilitate foreign travelers who are plan-
ning to visit Indonesia in the future and bring positive
impact on the development of tourism and creative
The e-Visa application system allows foreigners to
apply for a visa online without having to visit the
Republic of Indonesia Representative out of the coun-
try or the Immigration Office. In the meantime, safe
tourist destinations are being prepared in compliance
with health protocols.
With the launch of this service, foreigners no longer
need to visit the Republic of Indonesia Representative
out of the country or the Immigration Office in the
country to get a visa sticker on their passport. To enter
Indonesia, they just need to apply for a visa online via
this e-Visa application system.
2. Type of Visas
Index B211A with Purpose of Visit as follows:
- Emergency and urgent work
- Business meeting
- Purchasing goods
- Film production
- Voluntary, medical, and sustenance work.
- Government duty
- Accompanying transport tool in the region of Indone-
- Development of marine industry (yachters).
- Government duty in accordance with Indonesian Pres-
idential related meetings in G20 or International Assem-
bly of 144th Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
Index B211B with Purpose of Visit as follows:
- Candidate of expatriate in working competency trial
Visa for Temporary Resident Permit
Visa for Temporary Resident Permit - Work
Index C312 with Purpose of Visit as follows:
- Joining to work on board the ship,
floating device, or installation which
operates in the water, sea territory,
continental shelf, and the exclusive eco-
nomic zone in Indonesia
- Supervising and monitoring the quality
of goods or productions
- Inspection or auditing on company branches
- Post-sales service
- Setting up and repairing mechanics
- Non-permanent construction work
- Film production activity with commercial
purpose and have been granted permission
from authorized institutions
- Candidate of expatriate in working
Index C313 with Purpose of Visit as follows:
Foreign investment with validity period of 1 year
Visa for Temporary Resident Permit - Non-Work
Index C313 with Purpose of Visit as follows:
- Foreign investment with validity period of 2 year
Index C316 with Purpose of Visit as follows:
- Education and training
Index C317 with Purpose of Visit as follows:
- Family union
3.Latest Travel Regulations
On 7 March 2022, the government applied a quaran-
tine-free trial period and a Visa On Arrival (VOA)
program for 23 selected countries as well as Visa Ex-
emption Facility for 9 selected countries. The list of
countries for the VOA program was then extended
to 43 countries on 6 April 2022.
As a way to support the reopening of Bali, the In-
donesian Government will make sure to keep their
utmost efforts to prevent the spread of COVID-19,
namely by maintaining the status as one of coun-
tries with the highest vaccination rates, as well as the
country that consistently provides safety protocols
for all of its visitors. As of 6 April 2022, Bali has be-
come one of the top 3 provinces with highest vacci-
nation rates along with the highest numbers of CHSE
Visit this link to gather more information about the
selected countries for the VOA program and Visa
Exemption Facility, as well as the rest of the travel
regulations that currently apply in Indonesia.
Note that this regulation is dynamic and can be
changed from time to time, so that travelers need
to recheck and confirm before planning their future
© Nur Andi Ravsanjani
© Farano Gunawan
When viewed from the tradition and According to history, if indeed the tobac-
history, cigars themselves were intro- co produced by Jember has high quality,
duced for a long time in Indonesia and it is not inferior to American tobacco and
were part of the tradition of the Dutch even Cuba. Since the first tobacco pro-
East Indies. The traces can be seen duction from Jember was exported to
from the PTPN X Bobbin Industry in Germany. The exported raw materials are
Jelbuk Village, Jember, which is known used as pads, binders, to the inner filling
to have been operating for 2 centuries. of high-quality cigars.
Jember has a very long history with to- shorturl.at/ghvJX
bacco and cigars. It started with George
Bernie, who started growing BNO tobacco Source:shorturl.at/cixyT
after getting a business license in Jember,
then transferred ownership to the Dutch
government at that time, followed by the
Japanese occupation and nationalization.
Disputes between farmers and PT Perke-
bunan (PTP) XXVII, which is the manager
of the tobacco plantations, also occurred,
however, these problems could be re-
One of the best cigars in the world is cur-
rently supplied from one of the cities in In-
donesia, namely Jember. If you pay atten-
tion, then in the Jember regional logo itself
there is a picture of tobacco leaves which
shows if the tobacco leaves are an import-
ant part of this city.
One of the best cigars in the world is cur-
rently supplied from one of the cities in In-
donesia, namely Jember. If you pay atten-
tion, then in the Jember regional logo itself
there is a picture of tobacco leaves which
shows if the tobacco leaves are an import-
ant part of this city.
Who does not know edamame? Soybean-shaped snacks that cannot be separat-
ed from the Japanese culture of drinking sake have also become a favorite snack
for Indonesians. Even today, Indonesia is able to produce its own edamame so that
it can export it to various countries through one of the subsidiaries of PT Perkebu-
nan Nusantara X, namely PT Mitratani Dua Tujuh located in Jember Regency.
In 1994, through training on Japanese shorturl.at/mpJPS
soybean cultivation between PT Mitratani
Terpadu and PT Perkebunan XXVII Perse-
ro PT Mitratani Dua Tujuh was established
in Jember Regency. For one year through
various experimental activities both on
farm for edamame cultivation to process-
ing in the factory into frozen products, fi-
nally in 1995 for the first time Indonesia
could export edamame commercially to
Japan and continued to other countries
in the following year. the In fact, in 2006
PT Mitratani Dua Tujuh managed to stop
importing seeds and started to produce
their own edamame seeds through a
seed multiplication program.
The export of edamame in Jember was Also Every year PT Mitratani Dua Tu-
marked by the delivery of 21 tons to the juh is able to export nearly 7,000 tons
Japanese market by PT Austindo Nu- of edamame to various countries with
santara Jaya through its subsidiary PT the largest market share being Japan,
Gading Mas Indonesia Teguh (GMIT) at in addition to the USA, Canada, Aus-
the end of last April through Operational tralia, Africa/Middle East, and Asia.
Jember Fashion Carnival
Jember Fashion Carnaval or com- for 4-5 consecutively. Until 2017, JFC
monly known as JFC is an annual in- president Dynand Fariz announced that
ternational-scale carnival event held JFC was in the 3rd position at the world
in Jember Regency, East Java. The level Carnival after Nottinghill, Unit-
type of carnival that JFC carries is a ed States and Reunion, France. Also
fashion carnival with a variety of di- in 2017 was the beginning of the JFC
verse themes. This carnival was led performance which was seen directly
by (late) Dynand Fariz who was the by the President of the Republic of In-
founder of JFC. donesia Joko Widodo and the Minister
of Tourism Arief Yahya.
This carnival is organized by the East
Java Tourism and Culture Office, in 2016, JFC itself reaped a very proud
which is directly supported by the achievement, namely successfully be-
President of the Republic of Indone- coming the third winner or second run-
sia, Joko Widodo.This carnival was at- ner up in the Carnaval International de
tended by 3500 participants and was Victoria event, in Seychelles.
Jember Fashion Carnival
In stark contrast to the lush green Coverning 250 sq km, the Park forms
scenery found elsewhere on the is- part of the district of Situbondo, in
land of Java, the Baluran National the province of East Java, compris-
Park, located on the east-most edge ing lowland forests, mangrove forests
of Java, consists predominantly of and 40% swathes of fertile savan-
open savannahs, where wildlife roams nahs, they provide abundant food for
free. Here one can watch grazing, the the animals. Here also are many typi-
large Javan water buffaloes called cal Java trees like the Java tamarind
“banteng”, small Java mouse-deer and the pecan nut trees.
is known as “kancil”, peacocks strut-
ting about displaying their colorful Discovered by Dutchman A.H.Lorede-
plumage, eagles flying overhead and boer, in 1937 it was designated Wildlife
macaques fishing for crabs with their Refuge by the Dutch colonial authori-
tails. ties, and in 1980 Indonesia designated
this as a National Park.
At the center of this large Park To reach the Baluran National Park
stands the extinct Baluran volca- from Surabaya, capital of East Java,
no, watching over its pristine envi- traveling overland takes around 6
ronment dominated by the dry east hours. Baluran is located partly in
wind, Baluran receives on average the district of Situbondo and partly in
only 3 months of rain. The rainy sea- the district of Banyuwangi. The Park
son in East Java being between No- covers a total area of 22,500 hect-
vembers through April, peaking in ares comprising coastal forests and
December and January, while the grassland and is protected by three
dry season lasts from April through mountains, namely Mt. Baluran, Mt.
October. Merapi (not to be confused with Mt.
Merapi near Yogyakarta) and the Ijen
© Wahyu Trianto
The Active Volcano for Adventurer Hikers
Ijen plateau, also known as ‘Kawah Ijen’ is highly recommended for nature enthusi-
asts and hikers. The Plateau was at one time a huge active crater, 134 sq km in area.
Ijen is a quiet but active volcano, and the landscape is dominated by the volcanic
cones of Ijen (2,368 asl) and Merapi (2,800 asl) on the northeastern edge of the Pla-
teau, and Raung (3,332 asl) on the southwestern corner. The beauty of Ijen Crater
has been recognized across the world. In March 2016, this magical lake has been
included in UNESCO’s World Biosphere Reserves.
When you arrived here after walking The Ijen Plateau can be reached through
through a road surrounded by lush green- Bondowoso from either the northern or
eries, a refreshing chill breeze will greet the southern coast. It is closer to Banyu-
you right away. The air around Ijen Crater wangi, but the road can be very steep and
normally will reach about 10 degrees cel- badly deteriorated. A jeep is quite help-
sius daily. Sometimes, it might even hit 2 ful, although difficult to hire in Banyu-
degrees celsius. In the day, the mesmeriz- wangi and outrageously expensive. Most
ing sight of sunlight radiating a turquoise people walk the last 8 km (from about
lake enveloped with smokes will give you 64 km) along the road to Paltuding Post
an everlasting impression. Several small (the PHPA Post, the starting point, or the
vents can be found surrounding the crater. trek to the crater) from Bondowoso. Once
They are a source of work for sulfur min- you’ve arrived at Paltuding Post, you can
ers, making their way up and down from trek your way up to the edge of the Ijen
the crater and down to the lake each and crater caldera through a 3 km long route.
every day. At dawn, you can have a chance The daily climbing schedule starts at 01:00
to witness an incredible natural phenome- AM up until 12:00 AM. However, during the
non where blue-tinted flames will appear restriction period, the climbing schedule
around the crater. Known by many as the
Blue Fire, this phenomenon usually occurs will instead start at 03:00 AM.
around 05:00 AM.
Semeru National Park
Being the largest volcanic region in the prov- Being the largest volcanic region in the prov-
ince, Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park ince, Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park
covers a massive area of 800 square km in covers a massive area of 800 square km in
the center of East Java. Visitors who have an the center of East Java. Visitors who have an
eager interest in volcanic activities must come eager interest in volcanic activities must come
to the park and witness the smoke of ashes to the park and witness the smoke of ashes
coming from Mount Semeru, an active vol- coming from Mount Semeru, an active vol-
cano that rises 3,676 meters above sea level. cano that rises 3,676 meters above sea level.
Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park is the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park is the
only conservation area in Indonesia that has a only conservation area in Indonesia that has a
10 km sea of sand called Tengger, from which 10 km sea of sand called Tengger, from which
four new volcanic cones have emerged. four new volcanic cones have emerged.
© Furstset shorturl.at/ixL25
Tengger sand sea with its 5.250 hectares area will make a perfect place to walk around or
ride a horse and feel like a wild west cowboy. You can also hike to the top of Mount Bromo
or, if you feel challazzenged enough, to the summit of Mount Semeru, which is the highest
mountain in the land of Java. For other options, you can watch the beautiful sunrise from
Ranu Kumbolo, where the sun will slowly emerge from the valley between the two hills
something just like a fairytale. You can also visit the nearby waterfalls such as Madakaripura,
Coban Sewu, Coban Pelangi, and Coban Jahe waterfalls.
Most of Tengger natives embrace Hindu teachings as their religion. Therefore, there are a
number of Hindu temples around Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park. You can visit Kidal
Temple, Luhur Poten Temple, aGiri Semeru Agung Temple, and Jago Temple to marvel at the
S o u rc e : sh o rtu rl.a t/fw Y 4 8
This city used to be the trading hub for The bridge will take you to Bangkalan,
the heart of Madura Island, where you
the illustrious inland empires of Java. can splurge on the natural panorama and
Situated on the mouth of the Brantas
River, today Surabaya is a modern in- delicious Maduranese cuisines. Surabaya
is also an ideal base to explore the other
dustrial city, considered the econom- attractions of East Java including Mt Bro-
ic and trading center of Eastern Java
as well as home to the nation’s navy. mo, the cool mountain retreats of Malang
and the natural beauty of Ijen Plateau.
AsthecapitalofEastJava,Surabayaisalsothe Explore the culinary adventure of fine
second most populated city in Indonesia.
The extended metropolitan area of dining choices to vivid night stalls of-
fering unique local snacks. From fresh
this city is named Gerbangkertosusila, fruit salad known as Rujak, the savory
which stands for Gresik-Bangkalan-Mo-
jokerto-Surabaya-Sidoarjo-Lamongan. black soup with diced meat called Rawon
and the fried tofu dish named Tahu Tek.
There are many version regarding the his- To find out about the real city buzz
tory of the name Surabaya, but the local
government and historian agreed to and seek for more signature local
delicacies and various goods,
conclude that it comes from the head to the market! Pasar
phrase “sura ing bhaya”, mean-
ing“thecouragetofacedangers”. Atom or Pasar Atum is a leg-
When strolling around the endary marketplace opened
since 1972 in northern Sura-
S u r acity, you can also find the Sura baya that merged a modern
market with a shopping mall.
and Baya monument, depicted Most famous food souve-
from a folklore version about nir from Surabaya would be
the layered cake brand of Spikoe
b ayathe fight between a shark and a Resep Kuno, Almond Crispy
chips, Bu Rudy’s Chilly Sauce and
crocodile. The story is immor- the latest hits of Surabaya Snowcake
talized as an iconic monument of -mixed of pastry and sponge cake.
Surabaya. Surabaya is also known Speaking of cake, you can also splurge
as The City of Heroes due to the epic to enjoy an ambiance of high tea
battle happened in the city during In- moments in Hotel Majapa-
donesia’s independence revolution. hit. A beautiful colonial style
hotel, formerly known as the
For visitors, highlights of the city in- Oranje Hotel built-in 1910.
clude its submarine museum locally The hotel features a lush garden,
known as Monkasel, the immacu- an 806-meter square presidential
lately presented Sampoerna museum, suite, several cafes and restaurants,
the unique Cheng Hoo Mosque, the all adorned with classic details.
majestic via the Suramadu Bridge.
Suramadu bridge is the longest ca-
ble-stayed bridge in Indonesia, spanning
to 5,4 km crossing the Madura Strait.
sh o rtu rl.a t/d w x F U
Yogyakarta, together with its twin city Sura- such as Puncak Becici, Pinus Pengger, and
Jurang Tembelan are only several of plenty
karta (Solo), is the cradle of civilization on Java. more exciting back-to-nature destinations in
This city was the seat of power that produced the Yogyakarta!
magnificent temples of Borobudur and Pramba-
nan in the 8th and 9th centuries and the new For culinary wonders, don’t forget to try
powerful Mataram kingdom of the 16th and 17th the Gudeg first, special cooking of tradition-
century. Yogyakarta was known with the slogan of al Javanese recipe that is iconic to this city.
“Jogja The Never ending Asia“ for its endless ap- The Bakpia, is a traditional snack with many
peals. Today, it is also renowned as “ Jogja Istime- enticing flavors that are popular for souve-
wa “, a tagline that elaborates its special values. nirs. For a beverage, you can try the Jamu,
a natural herb mix beverage based on an-
This city is one of the foremost cultural cen- cient tradition used for natural remedies.
ters of Indonesia. From strolling through the liv-
ing museum of The Kraton or The Keraton (Sul- Wayang is also an amazing art heritage
tan’s Palace), to hanging out at the famous Alun known from Yogyakarta. There are the Way-
Alun, to watching silversmiths produce amazing Pang Kulit or leather puppet, played on a
jewelry at Kotagede and maybe try a splurge shadow puppet show by the dalang or pup-
shopping up at Malioboro road. Chasing sun- pet master through a screen lit by lights.
rise in famous temples like Prambanan and Bo- Wayang Orang is the life-size performances
robudur in the neighboring town of Magelang, depicting the same philosophical messages
are only some of the many more ways to never from ancient stories and is presented by men
get bored in this relatively small yet bustling city. and women in elaborate traditional costumes.
You can experience all five wonders in this art-
sy city. Starting from indulging in the natural
wonders, by visiting scenic beaches and pho-
togenic landscape. Parangtritis, Indrayanti, Pok
Tunggal, Siung, Krakal, and Jogan are some of
the famous beaches in town Breathtaking points
Y ogyakart a
S o u rc e :sh o rtu rl.a t/d fo p E
© Leonanta Pramudya © Yudha P.Sunandar
The VeniceThe heart of Central Java, Semarang, Semarang during those old times,
with its multicultural history would of Java no wonder we can feel the charm-
be the best city for those who love ing old-time heritage atmospher
exploring cities with diverse cultural
around the city. 1. Blenduk Church. The
heritage. It’s also one of the largest metro-
politan cities in Indonesia, and provides so most renowned landmark to see here is
many compelling itineraries for you to visit. the Koepelkerk, a Pantheon style church,
Semarang is traversed by many rivers in the locally known as Gereja Blenduk, a cop-
middle of the city just like Venice in Italy, thus per-domed Dutch church dating from 1753.
Netherland ever called this city as Venetië van 2. Brown Canyon. Another tourist gem you
Java or The Venice of Java. This city is also should consider when you visit Semarang is
known as Kota Lumpia or Lumpia City. Lumpia Brown Canyon, located in Rowosari. This
is one of the most delicious snacks you could landmark showcases its majestic sandy brown
ever find in Indonesia. It’s a snack born by ac- cliffs with greenery spread throughout the
culturation of two cultures, Javanese and Chi- area. The Brown Canyon’s panoramic scen-
nese, and a typical food from Semarang. As ery has brought attention among professional
one of the huge cities in Indonesia, Semarang and amateur photographers as it offers simi-
is never deserted by tourists all over the world. lar nuance as the Grand Canyon in America.
In the 15th century, Chinese emperor’s em- 3. Lawang Sewu, is originally from Java-
issary Zheng He, otherwise known as Admiral nese language which means building with
Cheng Ho, set foot on Java. From the 17th cen- thousand doors. During the colonial era,
tury onwards, Semarang became an entrepot this building was used as the headquarters
for spices, also a busy harbor for trade and of the Dutch East Indies railway company.
passengers when travel was made predomi- 4. Sam Poo Kong Temple Complex, is a his-
nantly by sea. The city of Semarang, capital torical destination built to reminisce Ad-
of the province of Central Java, sits precisely miral Cheng Ho, a Muslim explorer origi-
in the center of the northern seaboard of the nating from china. The temple was built in
fertile and densely populated island of Java. the 15th century and marked as the oldest
Chinese temple in Simongan, Semarang.
This strategic position of Semarang has 5. Semawis Night Market, This area of
made the city a melting pot of Chinese, In-
dian Arab, and European cultures. Wan-
der around the Chinese quarters and the night market is also known as the Chi-
Dutch commercial district, you will see natown of Semarang. Located in Gang
the influences of different cultures every- Warung, Semarang, this night market sells
where. With so many countries sailing to a variety of mouth watering Indonesian
A City that Never Sleeps
Jakarta is the capital city of the Republic Jakarta Pusat or central Jakarta is where
you can find the iconic landmarks such as
of Indonesia. Jakarta is a huge, sprawling Monas, The Merdeka Palace, The National
metropolis, home to over 10 million peo- Museum, Istiqlal Mosque, The Jakarta Ca-
ple with diverse ethnic group backgrounds thedral, and Monumen Selamat Datang or
from all over Indonesia. During the day, the the welcome monument widely renowned
number increases with commuters making as Bunderan HI.
their way to work in the city and flock out Jakarta Utara or North Jakarta is where
again in the evenings. Taman Impian Jaya Ancol or Ancol Dream-
Located on the northwest of Java Island, land is located. It boasts a variety of
the province of DKI Jakarta has rapidly ex- amusements such as Dufan Theme park,
panded through the years, absorbing many Seaworld, Atlantis Water Adventure Park,
villages in the process. In fact, Jakarta is a Ecopark, an Art market and comfortable
conglomeration of villages known as kam- accommodation choices with a complete
pung, now crossed by main roads and su- culinary destination. Here, there are more
perhighways. A part of the local experience than 10 islands that one can explore. Some
is that you may drive down one wide ave- of the most famous are Bidadari, Tidung,
nue one minute, then suddenly find your- Pari and Pulau Macan, the home of private
self squeezed into a small street together beach huts that lets you plunge directly
with scores of cars and motorbikes. With from your bed to the open sea.
its many suburbs, Jakarta has become a Jakarta Barat or West Jakarta, Jakarta
Megapolitan city. Therefore, when you visit Timur or East Jakarta and Jakarta Selatan
Jakarta it is best to invest in a good map or or South Jakarta are those areas where
rely on GPS to navigate around. a cluster of houses are located alongside
This city is divided into 5 districts, name- offices, public facilities and more choices
ly Jakarta Pusat, Jakarta Utara, Jakarta of shopping malls! The amazing historical
Barat, Jakarta Timur, and Jakarta Selatan. heritage in West Jakarta is Museum Fata-
The term ‘Jabodetabek’ refers to Jakar- hillah and its surrounding Kota Tua or Old
ta-Bogor-Depok-Tangerang-Bekasi - the Jakarta district is where you can ride a
Greater Jakarta area consists of megaci- classic bike to tour the area.
ties surrounding the capital.
In East Jakarta, you can visit Taman foods, namely Nasi Goreng,
Mini Indonesia Indah, the miniature of In- Gado-gado, Soto, Sate, and Rendang. In-
donesia Archipelago. You can explore the donesia’s Independence Day is also cele-
details of traditional houses and a glimpse brated annually on the 17th of August with
of Indonesia’s diverse culture in this park. various activities throughout the nation.
When visiting South Jakarta, make sure to Especially in Jakarta, you will find com-
drop by at Setu Babakan and get to know munities decorating their homes with the
the story of Betawi culture, the native eth- national color of red and white.
nic group of Jakarta. There are a museum Unique games and races are packed with
and traditional Betawi houses with few ac- participants of all ages. Balap Karung or
tivities that you can experience, such as the sack race and Panjat Pinang or the
getting to know the traditional dance and Pinang climb are two iconic games that
music, tasting the local beverage of Bir are always crowded with spectators. The
Pletok, have a bite of Kerak Telor and mak- best way to travel around Jakarta is by
ing small ondel ondel, the iconic figure of rented car, taxi or package tour. Be pre-
Jakarta. pared though to meet traffic jams, espe-
All parts of Jakarta are studded with their cially when traveling during peak hours
own culinary icons and trending coffee shops and into business districts, including the
to spend the day at. Here, you can easily find Old Batavia area.
the five national
© Salman Mukti
The highland city of Bandung is only a short the present Bidakara Homann Hotel, and
Gedung Merdeka, venue for the Asian-Afri-
2.5 hours’ drive southeast of Jakarta via a toll road can Conference with its attached Museum
and is the overwhelming destination of choice for Bandung is also a university city, most prominent-
Jakarta residents to get away for weekends and ly known for its Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB),
long holidays. Lately, it has also become a favor- from where Indonesia’s first President Soekarno
ite holiday resort for tourists from Singapore and graduated, and which persistently produces the
Malaysia, who come here in droves to shop and country’s best engineers and scientists until today.
enjoy its nature and fabulous foods. And with its
popularity, an abundance of hotels have sprout- Bandung is now also developed to become the
ed offering business facilities to luxurious ser- Creative City, where millennials and students are
vice or also budget rooms, and eateries galore encouraged to express their exuberant creativity
serving yummy local dishes to old-style Dutch in art, music and innovative digital creations.
cuisine. Meanwhile, the adjacent cool town of
Lembang and other scenic areas now also offer While, for affordable latest fashion trends, the
a wide variety of attractions and entertainment city is second to none. There are factory outlets
for the whole family, a haven for Instagrammers. galore in Distros that dot the main Dago avenue
(now called Jalan Ir. H. Juanda), along Jalan Riau
Worldwide, Bandung is better known today (officially known as Jalan R.E. Martadinata), or on
for its historic Bandung Conference, - otherwise the way up to Lembang at Jalan Setiabudi, where
known as the first Asian-African Conference in cars regularly jam the roads and parking lots.
1955, that brought together 29 newly indepen- Those who love nature at its finest should walk
dent countries from the two continents repre- up the dramatic hills of Tebing Keraton or The
senting over half of the world’s population. Del- Royal (Palace) Cliff, the peak of Moko Hill, Eurad
egations were headed by legendary leaders that Highland Lembang, or the Stone Garden Citatah.
included Jawaharlal Nehru and daughter Indira
Gandhi, King Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia, On the other hand, if you wish to get close to
Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt, Prime Minister the local people, its music, dance, and culture,
Zhou En Lai of China and of course Indonesia’s then Saung Angklung Udjo or Udjo’s House of
own President Soekarno, and many, many more. Angklung is one you should not miss. Famed for
its Angklung, the local traditional bamboo musi-
But back in Dutch colonial days, at the begin- cal instrument, here you can watch a children or-
ning of the 20th century, Bandung was the favorite chestra present delightful music shaking the An-
resort of wealthy tea and coffee planters owners of gklung and perform Sundanese dances and music.
swathes of undulating tea and coffee plantations.
Bandung was then also dubbed the elegant “ Parijs
van Java”, the Paris of Java. For this reason also,
in Central Bandung you can still admire Art Deco
buildings of Dutch colonial heritage, which include
“Gedung Sate” the Governor’s office building;