Who were the
Table of Contents
(1) Geography: Matthew Ribeiro
(2) Religion: Maksim Pachico
(3) Achievements: Caroline Kelleher
(4) Politics: Alex Walsh
(5) Social Structure: Adeline Riley
This is a map of the Cherokee land.
Where Do the Cherokee Live?
The Cherokee tribe used to live in the Smoky
Mountains which are in Alabama, Georgia, South
Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, Tennessee and
Kentucky. The Cherokee lived in woods near forests and
rivers. They lived there because they could find food to
hunt and fish.
This is one of their houses.
The Paths Around the Village
Across and around the villages there were paths to
escape. If there was an attack they used the paths to get
up onto the mountains. Why the mountains? Because it
would be easier for the Cherokee to kill their enemies.
Cherokee enemies would have a hard time trying to find
or get them. Also, the Cherokee would chase them down
The Smoky Mountains were very cold. That is why the
Cherokee had homes that were warm. That’s also why
the Cherokee wore warm leather clothes. They needed to
be warm enough to kill in the cold. They would have
This is a trail when it was winter
Ch erokee Religion
by Maksim Pachico
This is a Cherokee man worshiping the great spirit.
The Cherokees were very religious, they believed in a spirit called the great spirit. They
believed spiritual beings that created the sun, earth, moon and stars. They believed that
eagles, rattlesnakes, fire, smoke, corn, quartz crystals, sun, moon, and the number seven were
all sacred things. There was a unusual way to pick their priest’s. When they were young if
you were a twin you had a better chance to be picked. If you were a priest you would be
trained to use herbs and medicine. They would be trained differently than your companions.
This is a pic of the great spirit
W eddings Ceremonies
For a Cherokee to get married you and you soon to be spouses two
families would exchanged certain unique gifts. The bride would give her
groom an ear of corn. This showed that she was an excellent farmer and
also skillful cook. The groom would give the bride’s family venison a deer.
This show the new in-laws that the groom was an exceptional hunter.
They even had divorce back then. In order to get divorce the wife would
take the husband’s belongings and place them outside the door. When
this happened he had to move out and move some place else.
When you had a baby your family would have a special ceremony
which would be held four to seven days after the birth of the baby. In
your lifetime you could have numerous names. At first you parent’s might
name you a certain name because of your charm, the twinkle in your eyes
or the brightness of your smile. When you grow up you could pick a
different name or add another one to yours. How you did this depended
on what you were good at or if you could do something special. For
example , “If you were a good hunter you might choose the name Kanati:
- Sacred Fire-
In the most significant structure in the Cherokee village was
the council house. This is where they held sessions of religious ceremonies
and important government meetings and other various events. This was
not a small building but a rather gigantic structure.
This is a picture of a council house
Each village had two chiefs
Peace Chief War Chief
One of the chiefs was the Peace
The War Chief (Red Chief)
Chief (or also known as the White soley was in control of times
Chief). This chief would give of war. He was voted in as Chief
guidance with the religious because of his expertise to
ceremonies. You could recognize him control his tribe. He had
because he wore a beautiful white seven members from his
deerskin outfit. He was given this
title because of his courage and clan to advise him.
When the tribe needed to get more food they went on hugh hunt. The entire
village participated. They would have many different animal dances. They held
the dances to ensure that the hunters came back with food. They had particular
dances for particular animals. One of the dances is the beaver dance. They made a
play of the hunting, killing and the skinning of the beaver.
T his is a pic of a cherokee dance
The Cherokee Achievements
Have you ever wondered about the Cherokee achievements?
Caroline The Great
The Cherokee Homes
Did you know that the Cherokee had summer and winter homes? They
do! Just like today!
The Winter Home The Summer Home
Cherokee winter homes were made The Cherokee summer home was
of hard dry mud and clay. That way they
could shape the house to be round. This made of logs or small trees. The summer
home was smaller than the summer
home, and it was pretty much sunk in in home was also made of grass and cane
the ground. They would have no
windows. The house would also be stalks. This home was bigger than the
coned shaped. In order to get in the
home they crawled through a small hole winter home.
in the front of the house.
It is a rectangular shaped home. The
summer home also had a door that had
deer skins tied to the door to let in the
cool summer breeze and sunshine.
C herokee Clothing
The Cherokee wore very different types of clothing than we wear
The Cherokee kids under 8 wore nothing In Winter, Cherokee women and girls
in the summer. They were completely wore long skirts made out of buffalo
naked. The Cherokee men wore breech calfskin. They also wore deerskin shirts
cloths with a belt that went around their decorated with turkey feathers. Men
waist. A breech clout long rectangular and boys wore bear panther and beaver
shaped. Breech clouts were made of skins. The Cherokee also wore fur cloaks
tanned deerskin. The women wore skirts and long deerskin capes. They tied the
down to their knees. The skirts were cape around them to keep them warm
made of deerskin and rabbit skin. They from the winter cold.
made the skirts sometimes by sewing all
the parts together.
The cherokee hunted fish instead of using a fishing rod to catch fish.
The Cherokee hunted fish by using bone hooks or box traps made of cane catfish
fish trout and other fish. There was a different way to catch fish, a dam.First, a dam
would be built. Then they would put horse chestnut juice into the dam. Horse
chestnut juice would put the fish to sleep. Then that way they could catch the fish
that they want and eat them. Later, the other fish would wake up and swim away!
C herokee Canoe
The Cherokee had canoes much like we have today!
To fish and travel the Cherokee needed a dugout canoe. A dugout canoe was
made out of one log. A dugout canoe was also made in many sizes, The large size
could hold up to 15-20 people! The Cherokee would cut down a tree, than they
would size it to the size they wanted. After that they would burn the inside to get a
shape to seat. In the end they would put the fire out. When they are all done they
would have a canoe! They would use the canoes mostly to fish and hunt.
Boys and Men used sharp rock to Women and Girls used sharp stone to
smoothen out wood for bows. cut tall cane stalks. They would also
Arrowheads were chipped from stone make their garden hoe.
called flint. Stone axes were used to cut
down trees. Men also used bow and
arrows to hunt animals.
C herokee Forest trails
T he Cherokee had trails that connected to all the Cherokee
villages. Most of the Cherokee trails were made of many animals feet
like deer that has walked thr0ugh the trails. Thousands of Cherokee
made the trails by their feet. The Great Warriors Path went north to
south in the Cherokee country. A lot of the trails led to other
Cherokee tribes too. Much trails went for miles into the Cherokee
T he Cherokee Knowledge
The Cherokee children would not go to school they would
learn by stories!
Their family members would also teach them. The Cherokee
children also did not go into a building in a school. The children
would learn from old stories told by other Cherokees. There was all
types of stories such as, why a possum would play dead and how the
Cherokee people were made. The Cherokee stories were very nice to
listen to, but they also taught manners and good lessons as well.
A man named Sequoia saw that when the new settlers came they had paper with
writing on them. Sequoia decided that he wanted the Cherokee to have paper with
writing on them. He called them talking leaves. Sequoia and his daughter tried to draw
a picture of every word in Cherokee, but then they realized that it was to hard. He was
trying to make written language for 12 years. They made a symbol for each Cherokee
sound. They took some letters from the English alphabet and created some words of
D id the Cherokee ride Horses ?
Did you know that there is a pony named after the
Cherokee? called the Cherokee Pony.
The Cherokee did not use horses that much because they lived in the
mountains. So the horses were not used that much. The Cherokee
did have horses though. The Cherokee didn’t really use horses until
later in the years.
C aroline Kelleher
T he Cherokee Indians
by Alex Walsh
Have you ever wondered if there was somebody before Columbus well here was
they were the indian tribes of america. Today I will tell you about the cherokee
Village l eaders
Your village leaders were the peace chief and the war chief. The peace chief
helped with religious ceremonies and other sacred things. He wore white clothes so
people knew who he was. The war chief was in charge in times of war. He wore
red clothes so people knew who he was. Women could not be chief but they had
the same rights as a man.
Everyone helped in any way they could no matter how old you were. You
helped in your family's garden harvesting corn. Your mother would teach you
which foods to pick and which not to. You could help build your summer and
Your enemies would be Choctaw, Creek, Chickasaw, Shawnee and Seneca.
You would only kill as many people as they had killed from your tribe. Warriors
would usually go to war to seek revenge. If you were a respected warrior you
might earn the title of raven.
This is a picture of a chief.
Did Cherokee scalp enemies
The Cherokee did scalp their enemies but not before the Europeans arrived even
then they barely scalped an enemy. The Cherokee had three types of clubs. One
was a stick about three feet long with a long knob on the end.Another one was a
short stick with a deer a deer antler on the end. The last was a stick with a sharp
rock on the end. Brave Cherokee got eagle feathers to wear in there hair.
People in your family
The people in your family would be your mother, father, brother, sister and
mother's parents. But you would belong to a larger family called a clan. There are
seven clans they are Bird,Wolf, Deer, Wild potato, Long hair, Blue and paint. You
could not marry someone from the same clan.
A Cherokee village
There are about 200-400 people in a village. There are about 60-80 cherokee
villages stretching along rivers in Cherokee country. Rivers gave fish to eat and
freshwater for drinking and bathing. Your council house sat in the middle of the
What happened to the Cherokee U.S.
When the U.S was formed the U.S wanted the cherokee to live like them. The
Cherokee men became farmers instead of hunters and owned cows,pigs and horses.
The Cherokee women learned to spin wool instead of tanning deerskins. The
Cherokee children went to christian schools.
this is another picture another of a chief.
sports they played
Stick ball was a common game to play. This picture is of a game related to stick
ball but a lot more violent there were no rules. Some people called it “war’s little
brother” because lots of people got injured severely or even killed. When they
usually played it was usually over large
areas of land. There were sometimes 50 men on a team. If someone on the other
team got killed your team would take as many players off the field to make teams
of the Cherokee
By: Adeline Riley
This is a picture of a cherokee family
What Did You wear /Look Like
If you were a Cherokee Indian you would normally have tan to dark skin
and black hair. To learn more keep reading!
In summer, Cherokee children (boys and girls) under the age of eight
went with no clothes.In summer, men wear breach cloath around their waist
with no shirts.In the summertime Cherokee wemon were shorter dresses in
summer than in winter so they are not sweating. The clothing the cherokee
wore in the summer were made of lite dear skin.
In the cold winter months men and younger boys wore animal skins
like bear,beaver and panther the fur was on the inside for warmth. For
shoes they wore moccasins and long deer skin leggings. Women wore
long skirts made of buffalo calfskin.
T his is a picture of a Cherokee Girl. Cherokee girls
If you were Cherokee Indian girl then you would have long black hair that
you rarely cut. The Cherokee Indians long hair was beautiful hair.
If you were a cherokee boy you would normally have 1 patch of hair left on
top of your head.
This is a picture of a Cherokee Boy
Cherokee Indian Men's Jobs
Cherokee indian men could do almost any job. From being head of the
tribe Chief to helping the ladies gather food like berries and nuts. Older
men helped the girls gather the berries and corn and other things like that.
The young boys also helped to gather food for the family.
Most often the men hunted they would get lucky if they caught a baby
buffalo because buffalos are rare where they lived. They mostly went for
deer seeing as that was what their clothing was made and was a very
popular thing to see and catch summer-winter.
T here was not o nly one chief. The chiefs were a lways a man. There is a
war, peace, and regular chief. The peace and war chief both had w omen
helpers. The war chief had 7 helpers and so did the peace chief.
This is a picture of Cherokee chief
What They Ate!!
Corn Calf Buffalo Deer
They grow the corn The buffalo they eat They would catch the
near to their homes was calf buffalo and deer near their homes
and pick it every they caught it while unlike the buffalo they
spring. they were traveling far would also use the
from the tribe. deer for clothes.
Those are the 3 main foods that Cherokee indians ate. C orn, Calf Buffalo
and D eer.
breech cloth-something men wore in the summer
scalping-chopping off the hair and some of the scalp with a machete
spouse- husband and or wife
unique-different from others in a good way
moccasins-like snowshoes they wore in the winter
Cherokee Canoe Picture:
Front Cover Picture:
Cherokee men/women tool:
"Our History." Our History. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Feb. 2016.
Roop, Peter, Connie Roop, and Kevin Warren. Smith. --If You Lived with the Cherokee. New
York: Scholastic, 1998. Print.Hakim, Joy. T he First Americans. New York: Oxford UP,
Cherokee Women tool:
about the author
Alex is a 11 year old boy who lives in martha’s vineyard in Massachusetts.
He lives in the town of Edgartown on Dodgers hole rd. He has a lizard
named Smaug who is a bearded dragon. He likes to play sports such as
hockey and lacrosse. He was born december 31st 2004.
this is Alex
About the author
Caroline Kelleher lives on Marthas Vineyard and goes to the
Edgartown School. She is 11 years old. Caroline has 3 sisters,
and a dog named Liberty. Caroline’s favorite sport is hockey,
she plays on a Marthas Vineyard hockey team. Caroline wants
to be an actor when she grows up. She hopes to be in shows.
About the Author
Adeline Riley is a 10 year old girl in 5th grade.She was born on August
10th 2005.She is the youngest in her grade.She has 2 dogs and 2 cats.
She love to dance and sing. Her favorite song is same old love by Selena
Gomez. Adeline’s favorite artist is Ariana Grande. Her favorite sport is
basketball. She has moved 6 times that she can remember she now lives
on Martha's Vineyard. She loves tacos they are her favorite. Addie
(Adeline) loves to write little story books for her little brother. Addie’s little
brother is 8 years old and love doing her makeup. Her favorite animal is a
wolf. She plays the cello and has been playing since the beginning of 5th
grade.Addie also L-O-V-E’s fashion!!! She is good with most hair styles.
About the author
Maks is an 11 year old boy who goes to Edgartown school on martha's
vineyard massachusetts. he enjoys hockey,lacrosse and skateboarding he has
an 14 year old big brother named jackson. Maks’s birthday is february 11th
this is Maks