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Published by ggardner, 2016-03-30 20:25:32

The Hopi Tribe by 5S

HopiTribe

Hopi Tribe

By: Ingrid Gundersen, Cassandra Silva, Maggie Moffet

Nathan London and Nate Cuthbert.



1  Geography……………………..  Ingrid  Gunderson  
 
2  Religion………………………….Cassandra  Silva  
 
3  Achievements…………………..Maggie  Moffet  
 
4  Politics…………………………….Nathan  London  
 
5  Social  Structure…………………..Nathan  Cuthbert  
 
   

The ​Hopi G​ eography

By:Ingrid Gundersen
5S

 
 
 
The Hopi Tribe lived in the U.S. specifically in the high deserts of Arizona.
They also lived in New Mexico, Colorado and Utah .

 
 
 
 
 

Water Source

Hopi used springs for water

 

 
They bathed in their drinking water. They would all walk down and
bathe themselves and get barrels of water to bring back to the village.
The ​springs​ were usually located at the bottom of the mesas. A spring
is a place where water infiltrates the earths earths surface .
 

 
 

Mesas    

A M​ esa​ is a small
flat topped mountain

The Hopi lived inside caves on the Mesas. They also farmed on top of
the Mesa. The Hopi climbed up the cliffs to get to the top of the Mesa
to farm. Hopi men planted corn on the mesa.  

 

 
 
 

Natural  resources    

 
The  Hopi  had  many  natural  resources.    

Like  stone,mud,  greasewood  
,coal,clay  and  lots  more.  

 
The  Hopi  had  a  lot  of  valuable  resources,  here  are  some  that  they  used:  
 
 
 

 
 

This  is  the  ​coal​  the   This  is  the  rectangle   This  is  the  mud  the  Hopi  
Hopi  used  to  to  keep   stones  the  Hopi  used  to   used  to  keep  the  
warm  and  to  cook.   build  their  houses.   stones  in  place  .    
 
 

The  hopi  dug  up  corn   The  Hopi  used  these   The  Hopi  used  mud  to  
keep  the  stones  in  place  
to  keep  warm  with  a   stones  to  form  their   .  

juniper  stick.     housed    

 

   

   

Hopi’s  Heat    

 

 
Step  1.  ​  Found  a  juniper  stick  and  stuck  it  in  the  ground  and  spun  it  while  

pushing  it  to  make  a  small  hole  in  the  ground.  thuy  used  juniper  because  it  could  

survive  in  the  desert  without  water.    

 

 
Step  2.  F​ or  the  rest  of  the  digging  they  used  their  hands.  But  when  they  were  
done  they  eventually  got  deep  enough  to  see  ​coal ​  .  

 

 
Step 3. O​ nce they got their coal they put in some sort of basket and
brought it back to the village

Step 4. T​ hey dumped the coal into the fire and that is how they keep

warm. (Also used coal for

cooking)

This is a picture of
that they used to
dig out the coal.

 
 

Hopi  Salt    

Getting  salt  took  days.  Only  the    
Men  got  salt.  Why.  
 

WHY:  ​Only  the  men  went  to  get  salt  because,  the  women  went  along  after  they  
left  and  met  them  halfway  ,with  gordes  full  of  water  for  the  men.  
 

WHERE:​  They  traveled  for  days  until  they  got  to  the  G​ rand  Canyon    
 
HOW:​  The  men  climbed  down  the  steep  cliffs  and  walls  of  the  the  ​Grand    
Canyon,​  and  to  the  floor.  
 
 

 

Southwest  Climate    

The  climate  changed    
every  season.  

 

This  is  a  picture  graph  of  the  average  temperatures  in  the    
southwest  region.    

 
It  did  not  rain  much  where  the  hopi  lived.  But  even  if  it  did  it  would  rain  a  lot.  
When  it  rained  the  hopi  would  move  away  to  a  different  village  until  the  rain  
stopped.  

 
 
 

 
 
 

 

The  H​ opi  ​Religion 1  

By: Cassandra Silva  

 

                           ​  The  Hopi  believed  that  Spider  Woman  created  people.  

 
 
 

 

2  

                       ​  S​ pirits/​Religion    

The  Hopi  only  had  one  spirit  that  they  believed  in,  and  that  spirit  is  the  
Kachina.​  There  are  many  types  of  Kachinas.  For  example,  there  is  ​The  
Leader  Kachina​,  ​The  Cloud  Giver  Kachina,​  ​The  Water  Giver  Kachina  
and  many  many  others.  They  made  them  into  dolls  to  remember  all  of  
them.  The  Hopi  believed  that  if  they  live  with  good  heart  and  good  spirit  the  
Kachinas  would  provide  them  with  water,food  and  good  crops.  The  Hopi  
did  a  dance  called  T​ he  Kachina  Dance.​  It  is  also  explained  on  page  4.  
     

 

These  are  some  Kachina  dolls.  

3  

Kiva  

               A​  Kiva​  is  a  place  where  the  men  put  together  sacred  dances,  sewed,  
prayed  and  discussed  government  of    the  village.  Only  men  were  allowed  
in  the  Kiva.  The  Kiva  can  hold  up  to  500  men.  The  Kiva  is  below  ground  
and  you  need  to  climb  a  ladder  to  get  into  the  Kiva.    

     ​  This  is  a  Kiva  without  a  top.  

4  

Sun ​  Watcher    

The  S​ un  Watcher​  is  a  person  in  the  Hopi  tribe  that  stands  
on  a  roof  of  a  house.  The  Sun  Watcher  would    say  when  to  
plant  the  corn,  do  T​ he  Snake  Dance ​  or  do  ​The  Home  Dance.​  
The  Snake  Dance  was  usually  in  August  to  pray  for  rain.  The  
Home  Dance  is  to  bring  the  Kachinas  back  in  July  and  they  
leave  in  February.  The  Hopi  do  other  dances.  For  example, ​  The  
Night  Dance​,​The  Kachina  Dance ​  and  many  many  others.  The  
Night  Dance  was  to  worship  the  stars  in  the  sky  and  T​ he  
Kachina  Dance  w​ as  to  remember  the  Kachinas.    
This  is  Hopi  people  getting  ready  for  The  Snake  Dance.​  

This  is  a  man  getting  ready  for  The  Home  Dance.  

 

5  

 

 

 

               ​Birth  ​Rituals   Eagle  G​ athering  

 

Trip  When  you  were  born  you  would  have  to  stay  

inside  for  the  first  19  days.  On  the  28th  day   The  Hopi  men  picked  boys  4  and  up  to  go  
before  the  sun  rose  your  grandmother  would   on  an  ​Eagle  Gathering  Trip​.  The  Eagle  
hold  you  up  and  let  the  sun  cover  you.  They   Gathering  Trip  is  when  the  boys  were  put  
would  name  you  right  after  the  sun  covered   on  a  rope  almost  like  a  harness  and  the  
you.  The  Hopi  believed  that  when  you  did  that   men  would  give  the  rope  slack  then  when  
they  are  presenting  you  to​  Tawa,​ ​  ​the  sun  god.     the  boy  found  a  baby  eagle  he  would  gently  
  grab  the  eagle  and  tug  on  the  rope  so  the  

men  would  pull  the  boy  and  the  eagle  up.  
The  eagles  are  put  on  the  roofs  of  the  
houses  to  protect  the  crops.    
 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The  Hopi  
Achievements  

 
 
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
By:  Maggie  Moffet  

 

Homes  

 

       ​The  Hopi  homes  are  made  out  of  clay.  
The  rooftops  are  flat.  The  Hopi  had  
ladders.They  used  ladders  because  their  
homes  were  2  to  3  stories  high.  The  bottom  
room  was  used  for  storage.  That’s  where  
they  stored  food  and  other  things.  When  the  
Hopi  families  get  bigger  they  expand  their  
houses.To  expand  the  houses,  they  used  
clay,  wood  beams  and  trunks.  The  men  had  to  
travel  to  the  Black  Mesa  forest  with  the  
wood  beams  on  their  backs  and  sometimes  the  
women  would  walk  halfway  with  water  jugs  
for  the  men  to  drink.  

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

Food  

 

The  Hopi  ate  corn  every  day.  They  had  
so  many  different  kinds  of  corn:  yellow,  
white,  blue,  speckled,  and  red.  The  Hopi  
ate  corn  on  the  cob.  They  had  cornmeal  with  
basically  everything.  One  of  the  things  the  
Hopi  made  was  ​piki  bread​  and  that  was  one  
of  their  favorite  foods!  In  the  Fall,  there  
were  ​pinon  nuts​  and  they  l​ oved ​  them!  In  
spring  time,  there  were  wild  greens.  They  
did  not  really  eat  a  lot  of  meat,  but  
sometimes  they  ate  rabbits,  deer  and  
antelope.  

 

   
piki  bread                                                                                      pinon  nuts                                                                                      corn  

 
 
 

Education      

for    

Hopi  Boys  

 
The  Hopi  boys  had  to  learn  how  to  farm.  
They  planted  seeds  by  digging  little  holes  
with  a  juniper  stick,  and  scared  the  crows  
away  by  chasing  them.  They  learned  how  to  
sew,  by  spinning  cotton  and  weaving.  They  
learned  how  to  hunt  with  a  bow  and  arrow.  
They  killed  rabbits  for  rabbit  stew  and  
they  also  killed  the  rabbits  so  they  would  
not  eat  their  crops.  They  had  to  learn  
history  through  stories  told  in  the  
Wintertime.  The  boys  and  girls  don't  go  to  
school.    
 
 

Men  
telling  
stories  
to  the  
boys  

 
 

A  boy  hunting  

Education  

for    

Hopi  Girls    

 
The  Hopi  girls  and  the  women  learned  

the  same  way.  They  learned  how  to  to  repair  
the  walls  of  their  houses.  How  they  repair  
the  walls  is  they  use  extras  pieces  of  
stones.  They  made  pottery  and  baskets.  They  
used  clay  to  make  pottery  and  they  used  
straw  for  the  baskets.  They  cooked  food  and  
they  ground  up  corn.  While  they  did  that  
they  talked  with  moms  and  sisters.  They  
also  sang  when  they  did  their  work.    

   

                                           Women  grinding  up  corn  

Girl  painting    

pottery    

 

Resources  
 

The  Hopi  got  water  from  a  spring  
because  they  lived  in  the  desert  and  they  
did  not  have  lakes  or  rivers.  They  bathed  
in  the  s​ prings​  and  drank  the  water.  They  
had  coal,  and  they  had  to  dig  the  coal  with  
a  juniper  stick.  They  had  coal  to  keep  warm  
by  burning  it.  They  had  wood  beams  to  build  
houses  but  it  was  hard  for  them  to  get  it  
because  they  lived  in  the  desert.  It  took  a  
lot  of  work  to  get  the  beams.    

 

 
                               coal  
                                                                                                                                                                               Woman  getting  water  from  a  spring  
 
 
 
 

 

Farming  

The  Hopi  grew  corn,beans,squash  and  
sunflowers.They  planted  their  corn  in  the  
desert.  The  reason  why  the  corn  grew  in  the  
desert  was  that  it  had  long  roots  that  
reached  the  moisture  deep  in  the  ground.  
Not  only  did  they  eat  the  squash  they  
planted  but  they  used  the  squash  to  make  
musical  instruments  and  utensils.  

   

 
                     ​corn  and  squash  
 
 
 
 
 
 

         ​ ​ ​ ​Hopi Politics
By:Nathan London

This is one of the hopis leaders Obijarbar

H​ opi Clans And Kiva

The Hopi village was made up of tribes and tribes were
made up of clans. Clans were made up of people that were
related through your mom's uncles dads and aunts. One
crazy fact about that is your aunts were your “mother.” The
second you were born you would belong to your mother's
clan. It could be any clan name maybe like the eagle or
frog clan. When you were old enough you would have to
marry someone from another clan. It was forbidden to marry
from a different clan.

The kiva is a sacred room that was usually under the ground.
To go into the kiva you would climb through a hole in the
roof and you would climb down a ladder. The kiva is where
men planned all religious ceremonies. And where people
prayed and talked about governing. If you were a young
boy you would most likely about the hopi religion and all
the religious songs. when you got old enough you would
perform for your clan. If the dances or songs were different
the hopi thought they wouldn't work.

Would You Have To Go To School

Hopi children were learned by watching what
everyone else was doing. The hopi children didn’t have to go
to school like children today. Your family taught you. You
would learn how to make pottery hunt and more things like
that. You were learned about the hopi history by hearing
your story tellers.

Who Were The Kachinas?

The Kachinas were the Hopis sacred guardians. They
were very strong spirits. The hopi believed in them. The
Kachinas came to the village once a year to help the hopis.
And if the hopis acted out their religious ceremonies right the
Kachinas would come. When the Kachinas came Hopis
believed they would bring rain. Kachinas wore Masks that
covered her face and they sang a bunch of songs. When
the men (Kachinas) performed these Religious ceremonies
there bodies were actually replaces by the good spirits.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Graph of Hopi Population Over The Years

8,000      

7,000     x                                                        x  

6,000     x                                                        x  

5,000     x                                                        x  

4,000     x                                                        x  

3,000   x   x                                                        x  
x   x                                                        x  
2,000  

1,000   x   x  
  1680   1990                                    2010  

     

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

         S​ panish

 

The spanish warriors came to the Arizona Desert looking
for some gold. The hopi have never ever seen white men. The
hopi made a line of sacred cornmeal. But the spanish
attacked. The hopi brought gifts for the spanish the spanish
raided the village and they took the gifts but never was there
peace.

The spanish took the Indians land, the Spanish said the
indians belonged to spain. The spanish treated the pueblo
Indians horribly. Many Indians were turned into slaves. Other
indian tribes fought back for the hopis.

     The  Hopi  Social  
Structure  
 

   

 
 
By:  Nathan  Cuthbert  

Boys  vs  Girls  

● Boys  and  girls  are  equally  important  in  the  Hopi  tribe.  
● Women  own  the  house,food,land,and  s​ prings.​  
●  Men  defended  their  village  if  it  got  attacked  by  other  

tribes.  
● Boys  are  the  only  ones  in  the  ​kiva.​  
     Boys  and  girls  are  equally  important  in  the  Hopi  tribe.  
The  women  do  more  work  in  and  around  the  house  
(farming,  cooking,  etc).  Men  did  more  of  the  hunting  and  
work  in  the  Kiva  which  is  sewing  and  weaving.  

 
 
 
 
 

This  is  what  the  
outside  of  a  kiva  would  
look  like.  

What  was  a  kiva  

A  kiva  is  special  room  that  was  mostly  likely  underground.  To  get  into  the  
kiva  you  would  climb  down  a  ladder  in  a  hole  in  a  roof.  The  Kiva  was  a  very  
sacred  place  to  the  town.  The  kiva  was  where  the  men  scheduled  all  the  
religious  ceremonies,  prayed  and  discussed  about  government  in  the  
village.  If  you  were  a  boy  you  would  learn  about  the  Hopi  religion  in  the  
kiva.  You  would  be  taught  all  the  dances,  the  songs,  the  secret  
ceremonies,  and  the  prayers.  You  would  learn  how  to  make  kachina  
costumes  and  masks.  Another  thing  you  will  learn  if  you  were  a  boy  in  the  
Kiva  is  the  history  of  the  Hopi  tribe.  When  you  get  older  you  spend  more  
time  in  the  kiva  with  the  men.  Boys  learned  lots  in  the  kiva  because  there  
was  lots  to  learn.    

This  is  a  drawing  of  what  the  inside  of  a  kiva  may  look  like.    

 

   

How  you  got  a  name  

You  would  have  many  different  names  in  your  life.  The  first  name  you  
would  get  is  a  your  naming  ceremonies  when  you  were  born.  Your  name  
would  depend  on  what  clan  your  dad  was  in.  Like  if  your  father  was  in  the  
water  clan  then  your  name  might  be  ​Batoti​  which  means  “water  all  over  “.  
But  if  your  father  was  from  the  bear  clan  your  name  could  be  H​ entechi,  
which  means  bear  moccasins.  Hopi  never  had  a  last  name.  the  second  
name  you  got  would  be  when  you  were  six  it  would  happen  in  a  religious  
ceremony.  When  you  were  an  adult  you  would  receive  another  name  that  
you  would  keep  for  the  rest  of  your  life.  The  last  name  you  got  was  when  
you  died  the  Hopi  called  it  your  “silent  name”  because  this  name  was  never  
spoken  only  the  attendant  for  the  funeral  would  think  it.  So  only  the  
attendant  and  spirit  would  know  the  what  the  name  was.  
 
 
 
 
 
 

Who  Would  Live  in  your  House    

Your  house  would  be  filled  with  relatives.  Some  people  that  would  live  in  
your  house  would  be  mom  and  dad,  aunts  and  uncles,    you  would  also  live  

 ​with  grandparents  and  siblings.​ Hopi  women  didn’t  leave  their  house  when  

they  got  married  because  the  house  is  owned  by  the  women  so  the  men  
move  into  there  house.    You  would  still  be  living  with  all  your  other  relatives  
so  there  would  be  lots  of  helping  hands  around  the  house  so  everyone  
would  get  fed  and  taken  care  of.    

 
this  is  a  photo  of  how  the  Hopi  made  it  so  their  houses  where  under  a  mesa.  

Glossary    

 
1. Coal ​  in  Geography  -­  A  rock  hopi  used  to  make  fire  

2. Eagle  Gathering  Trip ​  in  Religion  -­  When  boys  go  and  collect  

baby  eagles  

3. Grand ​  C​ anyon ​  in  Geography  -­  A  canyon  in  Arizona  

4. Kachina​  in  Religion  and  Politics  -­  A  god  that  protected  the  Hopi  

5. Kiva  ​in  Religion  and  Social  Structure  -­  A  underground  hangout  

for  the  man  and  boys  

6. Mesa  i​ n  Geography  -­  A  flat  topped  mountain  

7. Pinon  Nuts​  in  Achievements   ​  -​ ­  A  pine  nut  
8. Pikia  Bread  in  A​ chievements  -­  A  bread  m​ ade  of  blue  corn  and  

culinary  ash  and  it  is  very  dry  
9. Springs​  in  Geography,  Achievements  and  Social  Structure  -­  

Where  surface  water  infiltrates  the  Earth’s  surface  
10.  Tawa  i​ n  Religion  -­  The  sun  god  

11. The  Home  Dance ​  in  Religion  -­  A  dance  that  the  Hopi  did  to  
bring  the  Kachinas  back  and  it’s  from  July  to  February    

12. The ​  K​ achina  Dance  i​ n  Religion  -­  A  dance  to  remember  the  
kachinas  

13. The  Leader  Kachina  i​ n  Religion  -­  The  main  Kachina  

14. The  Night  Dance  i​ n  Religion ​  ​-­  A  dance  the  Hopi  did  at  night  

to  praise  the  stars  

15. The ​  S​ un  Watcher ​  on  page  4  -­  A  Hopi  that  told  the  other  
Hopi  what  to  do  and  when  to  do  it    

16. The  Snake  Dance  o​ n  page  4  -­  A  dance  the  Hopi  did  to  pray  

for  rain  

17. The  Water  Giver  Kachina  ​  in  Religion  -­  A  god  that  provided  
water  for  the  Hopi  

Bibliography

Cassandra  

1. Anne,  and  Linda  Gardner.​  If  You  Lived  with  the  Hopi.​  

New  York:  Scholastic  1999  
2. Joy  Hakim  T​ he  First  Americans ​  New  York  2005  

3. Google  images  

4. encyclopedia2  thefreedictionary.com/Hopi  Snake  Dance  

Maggie  
5. Kamma,  Anne,  and  Linda  Gardner.  ​-­‐-­‐If  You  Lived  with  the  

Hopi​.  New  York:  Scholastic,  1999  Print.  

6.  Google  images  

7. http://library.nau.edu/speccoll/exhibits/hopitg/Hopiles

son2.html  

Ingrid  

8. Kamma,  Anne,  and  Linda  Gardner.  ​-­‐-­‐If  You  Lived  with  the  

Hopi.​  New  York:  Scholastic,1999.  Print.  

9. Google  images  

Nathan  L  

10. Google  images  

11. Kamma,  Anne,  and  Linda  Gardner.  -​ ­‐-­‐If  You  Lived  with  

the  Hopi​.  New  York:  Scholastic,  1999.  Print.  

Nathan  C  

12. Kamma,  Anne,  and  Linda  Gardner.  -​ ­‐-­‐If  You  Lived  with  
the  Hopi​.  New  York:  Scholastic,  1999.  Print.

 

13. Google  images  

   
 

 

 
 








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