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Published by tiffanylaurenx, 2017-03-28 19:15:09

MLI project

MLI project

origins

Issue 20 | May 2017
originsmag.com

INDIAN
FILMI

Features the song "Jo
Wada Kiya" by Lata
Mangeshkar,

T&T
CALYPSO

Features the song "Calypso
Queen" by Calypso Rose

LINKS

Syncopation and Strophic
form are both elements of

each of these genres


LINKED

NATURE OR COINCIDENCE


OF MOANrYigins
Introduction

Although India and Trinidad & Tobago are entirely distinct geographically and historically,
musically, they share similar attributes. Calypso is a musical genre derived from West African

chants and slavery. Elements commonly found in this genre are call and response, simple
harmony, and repetition (musical themes and ostinatos). Common instrumentation include

trumpets, saxophones, percussion (for example: steel drum and tambour), and it is often
accompanied with a Latin American beat.

Bollywood film songs, sung in Hindi, were popularized in the early 20th century after the first
sound film called Alam Ara contained songs that reached high marks commercially. Soon after, it
became common practice and tradition to house music in movies. Elements found in Bollywood

film music are improvisation, and polyrhythm. Common instrumentation include the Bubol
tarang (as a drone), the sarod, and the sitar.

This music links investigation will be an exploration of the similarities and differences between
these two genres with the help of a song from each genre: Calypso Queen by Calypso Rose

(representing Calypso), and Jo Wada Kiya by Lata Mangeshkar (in representation of
Bollywood film music). The two songs are linked with the elements of syncopation and

strophic form.

_________________________________________________________________


&Trinidad

TOBAGO
a dual island nation


Jump in the Line

A History of Calypso

Calypso is an Afro-Trinidadian musical style Errol Hill is a noted Carnival historian, and
founded originally in the islands of Trinidad he further develops the argument “that West
and Tobago. The steel pan (or steel drum)
“is the most widely-recognized instrument of African Tribal songs were the precursor to
calypso music” (Klein, Lynn). The steel pan calypso.” Hollis Liverpool expands on this,
in an acoustic instrument born in Trinidad adding that calypso had its roots in the West
and Tobago and is also the “national African custom of griot court singing. The
musical instrument” of the country (“The
Sweet Pan”). Other instruments associated griots usually sang songs of praise and
with calypso music are “the scratch, derision and were storytellers. According to
tambourines, congas, and brass Liverpool, calypso contains characteristics
instruments such as the trumpet, trombone, of these West African songs including: “the
and saxophone, as well as a guitar and
bass” (Klein, Lynn). In this “dual-island percussive rhythmic beats, the call-and-
nation,” both of the musical stylings, soca response pattern, extemporaneous singing,
and calypso, were born. Historians believe
that origins of calypso date back “to the and satire” (Calypso). Many also believe
arrival of the first African slaves brought to that calypso has transformed into soca, for
work in the sugar plantations of Trinidad”
(Calypso Music History). Historians found soca is what is popular today in Trinidad
that the slaves on these sugar plantations and Tobago and it was invented directly out
were forbidden to speak to one another, and of the calypso music style. “Soca originated
because of this, many of the slaves began
to sing songs as a form of communication in Trinidad and Tobago and its creation is
(Calypso Music History). This method of credited to the musician Garfield Blackman,
communication also occurred in West Africa
called the “West African kaiso, and they a.k.a. Lord Shorty. Blackman intentionally
used it as a means of communication and to invented this new style of music as a
mock the slave masters” (Calypso Music
History). reaction to fears among his peers and he
that calypso music was fading away in favor

of reggae music” (Soca). “He did this by
adding classical Indian musical elements to

traditional calypso music and refined the
genre over ten years.


INDIAN

FILMI


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A BRIEF

HISTORY


LINKED BY It is heard in the main melodic line and
also in the instrumental
SYNCOPATION accompaniment. In the Caribbean and
Latin America, there is a common rhythmic
Anonymous pattern called the son clave. This pattern
consists of a syncopation on the second
These two cultures, although distinct, share beat of the first measure, mimicking the
musical elements such as syncopation. sound of a triplet.
Syncopation is a term used when the notes
in a measure are accented outside of the
metered beat. Syncopation is an element
that is very prominent in the song Calypso
Queen by Calypso Rose, in fact, in this song
it is the element that is the most obvious.

This pattern of syncopation as well their variations are commonly found in this
geographical region because of the African influence of the area. Both Latin America and
the Caribbean were influenced by slavery and African music. African music is often heavily
percussed and generally syncopated. 

THERE'S A BIG DIFFERENCE BETWEEN SIMPLY BEING
A TOURIST AND BEING A TRUE WORLD TRAVELER

A relaxation technique (also known as People respond to stress in different ways,
relaxation training) is any method, process, namely, by becoming overwhelmed,
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to relax; to attain a state of increased and Pranayama that includes deep
calmness; or otherwise reduce levels of breathing tend to calm people who are
pain, anxiety, stress or anger. Relaxation overwhelmed by stress, while rhythmic
techniques are often employed as one exercise improves the mental and physical
element of a wider stress management health of those who are depressed. People
program and can decrease muscle tension, who encounter both symptoms
lower the blood pressure and slow heart simultaneously, feeling depressed in some
and breath rates, among other health  ways and overexcited in others.


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