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Published by faeezy85, 2019-05-14 18:51:59

iGnahu

Infografik Nahu

‫اﻟﻜﻼم‬
‫وﻣﺎ ﻳﺘﺄﻟﻒ ﻣﻨﻪ‬


‫َﻟوْﻔـﻓ ٌﻌﻆ ٌﻞﻣ ُﺛﻔ ﱠﻴﻢ ٌﺪﺣﻛﺮﺎ ٌ ْفﺳـا َﺘْﻟ ِ َﻘﻜ ِﻠﻢ ْﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﻼ ُﻣﻨﺎ‬
‫وا ْﺳـ ٌﻢ‬

‫ﻳﺸﻤﻞ اﻟﻜﻼم‪ ،‬واﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‪،‬‬ ‫اﻟﻠﻔﻆ‬
‫واﻟﻜ ِﻠﻢ‪ ،‬واﻟﻤﻬﻤﻞ‬
‫واﻟﻤﺴﺘﻌﻤﻞ‬

‫أﺧﺮج اﻟﻤﻬﻤﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻔﻴﺪ‬ ‫اﻟﻜﻼم‬

‫أﺧﺮج اﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺋﺪة ﻳﺤﺴﻦ‬
‫وﺑﻌﺾ اﻟﻜﻠﻢ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻜﻮت ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

‫اﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎت‬ ‫‪١‬‬

‫ﻓﻲ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬

‫اﻻﺳﻢ اﻟﻔﻌﻞ اﻟﺤﺮف‬

‫اﻟﺮﺳﻮم اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﺔ ﺑﻮاب اﻟﻨﺤﻮ‬


‫ووا َ ِﻛـﺣـ ُْﻠﺪ َُﻤه ٌﺔَﻛﺑـ ِﻠﻬَﻤﺎ ٌﺔَﻛـواﻼﻟ ٌﻘمـﻮﻗ ُلﺪ َُﻳﻋ َﺆ ّ ْﻢم‬

‫‪ .١‬اﺳﻢ ﺟﻨﺲ واﺣﺪه ﻛﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻜﻠﻢ‬
‫‪ .٢‬ﻣﺎ ﺗﺮﻛﺐ ﻣﻦ ﺛﻼث ﻛﻠﻤﺎت ﻓﺄﻛﺜﺮ )إن ﻗﺎم زﻳﺪ(‬
‫اﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬
‫‪ .١‬اﻟﻠﻔﻆ اﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮع ﻟﻤﻌﻨﻰ ‪ :‬أﺧﺮج اﻟﻤﻬﻤﻞ‬
‫‪ .٢‬ﻣﻔﺮد ‪ :‬أﺧﺮج اﻟﻜﻼم ﻷﻧﻪ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻣﻔﺮد‬

‫اﻟﻘﻮل ﻳﻌﻢ اﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ وﻳﻘﻊ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻜﻼم‪ ،‬واﻟﻜﻠﻢ واﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬

‫اﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﻗﺪ ﻳﻘﺼﺪ ﺑﻬﺎ اﻟﻜﻼم‬

‫ﻛﻠﻤﺔ اﻹﺧﻼص‬ ‫اﻟﻜﻼم‬ ‫اﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬
‫ﻻإﻟﻪ إﻻ ﷲ‬

‫اﻧﻔﺮاد اﻟﻜﻼم‬ ‫اﺟﺘﻤﺎع اﻟﻜﻠﻢ واﻟﻜﻼم‬ ‫اﻧﻔﺮاد اﻟﻜﻠﻢ‬

‫اﻟﻜﻼم‬ ‫اﻟﻜﻠﻢ = اﻟﻜﻼم‬ ‫اﻟﻜﻠﻢ‬

‫زﻳﺪ ﻗﺎﺋﻢ‬ ‫ﻗﺪ ﻗﺎم زﻳﺪ‬ ‫إن ﻗﺎم زﻳﺪ‬

‫ﻣﻔﻴﺪ وﻏﻴﺮ ﻣﺮﻛﺐ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﻴﺪ وﻣﺮﻛﺐ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮ ﻣﻔﻴﺪ وﻣﺮﻛﺐ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺛﻼث ﻛﻠﻤﺎت‬ ‫ﺛﻼث ﻛﻠﻤﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺛﻼث ﻛﻠﻤﺎت‬

‫‪٢‬‬ ‫اﻟﺮﺳﻮم اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﺔ ﺑﻮاب اﻟﻨﺤﻮ‬


‫ِﺑﺎﻟﺠ ﱢﺮ واﻟ ﱠﺘﻨﻮﻳ ِﻦ واﻟ ﱢﻨﺪا وأَل‬
‫و ُﻣ ْﺴ َﻨ ٍﺪ ِﻟﻼ ْﺳـ ِﻢ ﺗﻤﻴﻴ ٌﺰ َﺣ َﺼ ْﻞ‬

‫اﻟﺠﺮ ﺑﺎﻟﺤﺮف واﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻨﻮﻳﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺠﺮ‬
‫واﻟﺘﺒﻌﻴﺔ‬
‫اﻟﻨﺪاء‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻣﺎت‬
‫)ﻣﺮرت ﺑﻐﻼم زﻳﺪ اﻟﻔﺎﺿﻞ(‬ ‫اﻻﺳﻢ‬
‫ﺗﻨﻮﻳﻦ اﻟﺘﻤﻜﻴﻦ )زﻳ ٌﺪ(‬ ‫اﻷﻟﻒ واﻟﻼم‬
‫اﻹﺳﻨﺎد إﻟﻴﻪ‬
‫ﺗﻨﻮﻳﻦ اﻟﺘﻨﻜﻴﺮ )ﺳﻴﺒﻮﻳ ٍﻪ(‬
‫ﺗﻨﻮﻳﻦ اﻟﻤﻘﺎﺑﻠﺔ )ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎ ٌت(‬
‫ﺗﻨﻮﻳﻦ اﻟﻌﻮض )إ ٍذ‪ ،‬ﻛ ٌﻞ‪ ،‬ﺟﻮارٍ(‬

‫اﻟﻨﺪاء ‪-‬اﻟﻤﻨﺎدى‪-‬‬

‫)ﻳﺎ زﻳﺪ‪ ،‬اﻛﺘﺐ ﻫﺬا اﻟﺪرس(‬

‫دﺧﻮل اﻷﻟﻒ واﻟﻼم‬

‫)اﻟﺮﺟﻞ(‬

‫اﻹﺳﻨﺎد إﻟﻴﻪ أي اﻹﺧﺒﺎر‬
‫ﻋﻨﻪ‬

‫)زﻳﺪ ﻗﺎﺋﻢ(‬

‫اﻟﺮﺳﻮم اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﺔ ﺑﻮاب اﻟﻨﺤﻮ‬ ‫‪٣‬‬


‫ِﺑوﺘ ُﻧﺎـ ْ َﻮﻓ ِنﻌأَْﻠ ْﻗ َ ِﺒﺖ َﻠ ﱠوأَﻦ َﺗ ِ ْﻓﺖْﻌو ٌﻳﻞﺎ َﻳا ْﻨ ْﻓ َﺠَ ِﻌﻠـِﻠـ ْﻲﻲ‬

‫ﺗﺎء‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻣﺎت‬
‫اﻟﻔﺎﻋﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻌﻞ‬

‫ﻓﻌﻠﺖ‬

‫ﺗﺎء اﻟﺘﺄﻧﻴﺚ‬
‫اﻟﺴﺎﻛﻨﺔ‬

‫ﻓﻌﻠ ْﺖ‬

‫ﻳﺎء‬
‫اﻟﻔﺎﻋﻠﺔ‬

‫ﺗﻔﻌﻠﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻮن‬
‫اﻓﻌﻠﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻮﻛﻴﺪ‬

‫ﻳﻔﻌﻠ ﱠﻦ‬
‫اﻓﻌﻠ ﱠﻦ‬

‫‪٤‬‬
‫اﻟﺮﺳﻮم اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﺔ ﺑﻮاب اﻟﻨﺤﻮ‬


‫ِ ِﻓﺳﻌﻮا ٌﻞُﻫ ُﻣﻤﺎ اﻀﻟﺎ ِرﺤٌعﺮ َﻳ ُِﻠف ْﻲَﻛ َﻟ َﻬْﻢْﻞ َﻛو َﻴ ِﻓ َ ْﺸﻲ ْﻢو َﻟ ْﻢ‬

‫ﻋﻼﻣﺎت اﻟﺤﺮف‬

‫ﺧﻠﻮه ﻋﻦ ﻋﻼﻣﺎت‬
‫اﻷﺳﻤﺎء واﻷﻓﻌﺎل‬

‫ﻣﺨﺘﺺ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮ‬
‫ﻣﺨﺘﺺ‬

‫ﻟﻢ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﻞ‬

‫ﻳﺪﺧﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻳﺪﺧﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻳﺪﺧﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫اﻷﻓﻌﺎل‬ ‫اﻷﺳﻤﺎء‬ ‫اﻷﺳﻤﺎء )ﻫﻞ زﻳﺪ ﻗﺎﺋﻢ؟(‬
‫)ﻟﻢ ﻳﻘﻢ زﻳﺪ(‬ ‫)زﻳﺪ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺪار(‬ ‫واﻷﻓﻌﺎل )ﻫﻞ ﻗﺎم زﻳﺪ؟(‬

‫ﻋﻼﻣﺔ اﻟﻤﻀﺎرع‬ ‫‪٥‬‬
‫ﺻﺤﺔ دﺧﻮل ”ﻟﻢ“ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬

‫ﻟ ْﻢ ﻳﺸ ْﻢ‬

‫اﻟﺮﺳﻮم اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﺔ ﺑﻮاب اﻟﻨﺤﻮ‬


‫وﻣﺎ ِﺿ َﻲ ا ﻓﻌﺎ ِل ﺑﺎﻟ ﱠﺘﺎ ِﻣ ْﺰ و ِﺳ ْﻢ‬
‫ِﺑﺎﻟﻨ ْﻮ ِن ِﻓ ْﻌ َﻞ ا ﻣ ِﺮ ِإ ْن أﻣ ٌﺮ ُﻓ ِﻬ ْﻢ‬

‫ﺗﺎء اﻟﻔﺎﻋﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻣﺔ‬
‫اﻟﻤﺎﺿﻲ‬
‫‪ .١‬اﻟﻠﻔﻆ اﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮع ﻟﻤﻌﺗﻨﺒﺎﻰر‪:‬ﻛأ َﺧﺖﺮﻳﺎج اذﻟا اﻤﻟﻬﺠﻤﻼﻞل واﻹﻛﺮام‬
‫‪ .٢‬ﻣﻔﺮد ‪ :‬أﺧﺮج اﻟﻜﻼم ﻷﻧﻪ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻣﻔﺮد‬

‫اﻟﺘﺎء‬

‫ﺗﺎء اﻟﺘﺄﻧﻴﺚ اﻟﺴﺎﻛﻨﺔ‬

‫ﻧﻌﻤﺖ اﻟﻤﺮأة ﻫﻨﺪ‬

‫ﻋﻼﻣﺔ‬
‫اﻷﻣﺮ‬

‫واﻟﺪﻻﻟﺔ‬ ‫اﺿﺮﺑ ْﻦ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ اﻷﻣﺮ‬
‫ﺑﺼﻴﻐﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻮل اﺧﺮﺟ ﱠﻦ‬
‫ﻧﻮن اﻟﺘﻮﻛﻴﺪ‬

‫‪٦‬‬
‫اﻟﺮﺳﻮم اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﺔ ﺑﻮاب اﻟﻨﺤﻮ‬


‫وا ﻣ ُﺮ ِإ ْن َﻟ ْﻢ َﻳ ُﻚ ِﻟﻠﻨ ْﻮ ِن َﻣ َﺤ ّْﻞ‬
‫ِﻓ ْﻴ ِﻪ ُﻫ َﻮ ا ْﺳ ٌﻢ َﻧ ْﺤ ُﻮ َﺻ ْﻪ و َﺣ ﱠﻴ َﻬ ْﻞ‬

‫ﻓﻌﻞ اﻷﻣﺮ‬ ‫‪١‬‬

‫ﻗﺒﻮل ﻧﻮن اﻟﺘﻮﻛﻴﺪ‬
‫واﻟﺪﻻﻟﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻷﻣﺮ‬

‫اﺳﻢ ﻓﻌﻞ اﻷﻣﺮ‬ ‫‪٢‬‬

‫ﻋﺪم ﻗﺒﻮل ﻧﻮن اﻟﺘﻮﻛﻴﺪ‬
‫واﻟﺪﻻﻟﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻷﻣﺮ‬

‫ﻓﻌﻞ اﻷﻣﺮ‬ ‫‪٣‬‬

‫اﺳﻜ ْﺖ‬
‫اﺳﻜﺘ ﱠﻦ‬

‫اﺳﻢ ﻓﻌﻞ اﻷﻣﺮ‬ ‫‪٤‬‬

‫ﺻ ْﻪ ﺑﻤﻌﻨﻰ اﺳﻜ ْﺖ‬
‫وﻟﻜﻦ ﻟﻢ ﺗﻘﺒﻞ ﻧﻮن اﻟﺘﻮﻛﻴﺪ‬

‫اﻟﺮﺳﻮم اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﺔ ﺑﻮاب اﻟﻨﺤﻮ‬ ‫‪٧‬‬


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